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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 2, 1883)
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ISSUED rVXKT WEDNESDAY,
M. K. TUKiSTKR Sc CO.,
Proprietor! and Publishers.
BATES OF AatYEatTISHrC
- - - i i
iS" Business andprofesfonal cards
of five lines or less, per annua, five
23T For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
E"TXegal advertisements at status
BTTor transient advsrtiaanf;, see
rates oa third page.
Ta4I advertisemsnu pkjabls
f3 OFFICE Eleventh St., up Hairs
in Journal Building.
r when you waa
i . iur-
Per year .
VOL. XIV.-NO. 1.
COLUMBUS, NEB. WEDNESDAY MAY -2, 1888.
On Thirteen St-, and Nebraska Are-,
over Fncdhef store.
iSrOmce hours, -i to 11 a. m. : 1 to 3 p. m.
OLLa AsHBaL'GU, Dentist.
J. r?'0 fi.YJrF5-.ri I -LA w,
Cp-.talrs in Gluck Building Utn street,
Above the New bank.
TT J- HI 10.
lith Street, i J-r t of HamaeaJ Hoase,
Columbus, Neb. 9-?
pvlft. 31. D.THIBSTOS,
Olflee over corner of 11th and North-st.
All operation, lirst-cla.-s and warranted.
1HHA(.0 BABBEK HOTr:
HENRY VsJOD, Pkop'R-
ETEvervthintf m first-class style
Also 'Keep tae be -t of cigars. Jlo-7
p KEK A: KEKDEB,
Oniee on oUv t., Columbus. "ebra-ka.
... .r.-'V " f i r
1 G. A. 11L LLUUR. i, -v. j., -" --
if OX EOF A THI C FH YSICIAN,
I-Tw,o Block- south of Court House.
Telephone i-oinmunicitton. !?
V. A. MACKEN,
IKA LER IN
Whies, Liquor. Ci.j-irs, Porters, Ales,
e'. . etc.
Olive Street, next to First N'ationat Bank.
" A TTORXE YS A T LA W,
Ofiiee up-stiir- in McAllister'- build-in-
11th at. W. A. McAllister. Notary
J. M. MACFaHLA-VP. B. K- COW PKRY,
Arury? isi Saw ?aS? - -11'"""r-
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACFAHLAND &. COWDBRy,
EO. A- UEKKY,
toTi arnae. house md si-u paintinir,
lailn. paoer canzin. k.sl-omining, etc.
nr... r.i .iriir. ShO!) UO 15th St.. opposite
Engine House. oiumnus, -eu. m-
llth St., opposite Lindell Hotel.
Se.l Erness. saudle-. Collars. ".Vhips,
Blankets. urry comb-. Brushes. trunks,
valises. ')u;.'v top-. '-u-hions. .-irriae
trinixams. t-- at the lowest possible
prices. Uepairs pr mptly attended to.
Real Estate Agent,
Genoa, Nance Co.. Neb.
WILD LAND- and improved farms
for sale. orrepondence solicit
ed. Oifice in Young's buildinir, up-stairs.
LAND AND 1NSLRANCE AGENT,
His lands .-umprise some fine tracts
in the -hell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ot Pl-tte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
(TUaranteed. it) y
T OU'. sCHREIBER,
1LACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Busies. Wajrons, etc., niada to
order, and all work guaranteed.
jgySbop uppo-ite the Tattersall,"
Olive street. ir
1UI.LT1KI !". .1 .
CO I'M BUS, - N'EB.,
Packer- and Dealrrs in all krnds of Hour
product, ca-h paid for Live or Dead Hoir
Directors. R. H Henry. Prest.: John
Wisrius. se- and Treas.. L. Gerrard, s.
J. B. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
"Will be in his otflce at the Court Honse
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, anil
for the transaction of any other business
pertainme to schools. ."5T-y
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates -uppliedfor either
frame or brick building. Good work
sfuaranteed. shop on 13th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard. Columbus, Ne
braska. ?- 6mo.
Liverv and Feed Stable.
Is prepared to furnish the public w'th
good teams, buirie and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Alo
conducts a sale stable. 44
D.T. ilABXY-, M. D. F. Schcg, IT. D
( Deutscher Artz.
Drs. MASTY3T 4 SCHTJG,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surzeon. Union Pacific and
O., B. H. B, E's.
JS. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in wort.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and.
fair prices. Call and give as an oppcr
tunity to estimate for yon. iSTShop oa
13th St one door west of Friedhof A
Co's. store, Columbus. ebr. 4Js3-t
COLUMBUS FLAX AND TOW CO.,
Are prepared to receive and pay $3.00 per
ton for sood clean flax .straw (free from
" foreign "snbstances) delivered on taeir
grounds near the Creamery, in Colum
COLUMBUS FLAX & TOW CO,
GEO. SJOTE. Aft. 1
vv.tuni. . . . III-, m I
2zzzuzn' 3mri 2 2wi lil tarstr ) gala.
Leasdeh Gerraed, Pres'i.
Geo. W. EIclst, Vice Pres't.
Julius A. Reed.
Edward A. Gebrard.
Ab.vcr Tub.ver, Cashier.
tta.sk of Deposit,
all Pol at.
iptly Hade oi
y latereMt oa Xiate
Eleventh street, opposite the
Ha on band a full assortment of
CROCKERY & GLASSWARE,
Pipes, Cigars and Tobacco.
Highest price paid.for Country Produce.
Goods delivered in city.
GIVE ME A CALL!
H. LITERS & CO,
Sen Brick Shop opposite Helntz's Druir More.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
S.J. MARMOY, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new house, newly furnished. Good
veomaodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
ZZTHef? a Flr(-Clai4 Table.
il Cts. Lodgings .. il Cta.
OMAHA WEEKLY BEE.
Since the distribution of premiums is
over and our Premium List closed until
next vear. we are yet anxious to increase
the circulation of the WEEKLY BEE to
such a number as to sreatly reduce the
cost of the paper and to furnish it to our
ubscribers at a mere nominal price. In
order to do so, we offer the same for the
balance of the vear. from now until Janu
ary 1st, 1S84. for ONE DOLLAR. This i-
the lowest price ever asked for any west
ern journal of the ize, and all 'should
avail themselves of this liberal offer.
THE BEE PUBLISHING CO.
5U-1 Omaha, 31 eb.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN", Proprietor.
EifWhoIesale and Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin stout, scotch and English Ales.
""Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk StrMt. Stk ef Dvot.
people are always on the
lookout for chances to
increase their earnings.
and in time become
wealthy: those who do not improve their
opportunities remain in poverty. We
offer a zreat chanee to make money. We
want many men, women, boys and girls
to work for us right in their own localities
Any one can dothe wort properly from
the nrst start. The business will pay
more than ten times ordinary wages. Ex"
penslve outfit furnished. "No one who
ewrajres fails to make money rapidly. You
carr devote your whole time to the work,
or only your spare moments. Full infor
mation and all that is needed sent free.
Address Sttssox Co.. Portland, ilaine.
Our larze GABOE.l
GUIDE describing Cole's
"Prltnhl sW U WatlAd
TSTT31 We offer the Latest Nov
elties in SEED POTATOEM. Corn.
OoaU and Wheat, and the Best Collection
of Vezetable, Flower. Gras.- and Tree
95E1. Evervthing is tested. Address
X1-E t Bat Ou, Seedsaaea, PEL.
"LA, IOWA. 45-eow-4p
Per week to live agents. Jomethiog-new.
Sells on sight. The Tempub of Lifx;
representing the Past, Present and Future-
A line lithoeraph in 'six elezant
tints. Size 22x33: 'Send stamp' for cixen-
T ! ! a. 4-IA
-a- m tmwm lwm riiuiBiBi :
OFFICERS "D DIRECTORS.
sAil'L C. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
O. T. UOEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY.
Foreign and Inland Exchange. Pasae
Tickets, Real Estate-, Loan ana Insurance.
BECKER & WTILCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COL UJfB US. NEB.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $2.00 to 10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual payments to uit pur
chasers. We have also a lanre and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also busine and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate iu Platte County.
COLL' .11 BUS, EB.
l a:nds, farms,
CITY PEOPERTY FOR SALE,
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Long Time and low rate
All wishing to buy Rail Road Lands 1
or Improved Farms will find it to their .
advantage to call at the L P. Land
OlHce before lookin elsewhere ss I t
make a specialty of buying and selling'
lands on commission; all persons wish- J
ing to ell farms or unimproved land j
will find it to their advantage o leave J
their lands with me for sale, as my fa-j
cihties for atfectfhsr ales are unsur- !
passed. Iam prepared to make nnal
proof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homestead.
jSTHenry Corde Clerk, writes and
SAMUEL C SMITH,
Azt. I'. P. Land Department.
tJ21-y " COLUMBL'S, NEB.
DEALER IN aCX. KLNDS OF
I KE&P CONSTANTLY ON HAND A
W ELL -ELECTED s TO. K.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
Good DeliTereU Free
pare of the City.
I Aji AL-O
Farm and Spring Wagons,
of which I keep a constant "upply on
hand, but few their equal. Iu style and
quality, second to none.
CALL AND LEARN PRICES.
Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near
A. JV. Depot.
COFFINS AND METALLIC CASES
. AND DIALER If
Furniture. Chairs, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus. Tables, "Safes- Lounges.
4c. Picture Frames and
t 'Repairing of all kinds of Upholstery
. O. C. ftTTAsnsroisr,
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
Job-Work, "Roofing and Gattex
img a Specialty.
Shon on Eleventh 5treet. nnnnitn
JB-HBaB"""-"jry"""""""" "V ,. aa
Heintz's brag Store. 46-7
Tfi2 HAPPY ISLANDS.
abou: the town from. dawn, till
Aii old man
with bent form and whitened
WBo dreams the earth he treads on Is a bark '
That sails to find, a shore forever ia!r,
The shore so many see!; and dp noc hnd.
AmoQ! tire busyrowft. he hels ic not. ,
eat soea ana ciues to au oar pleasure Bimo ;
The world he Uves in sfcein v him forsoc
Soinettmes he stops
And questions thus
one .la the crowded
"Why do we sail so
I know full well the rebel's course is wroaj.
For mrther south the Happy Wands are.
Aad we aiss near them, tor last nteht I hiard
The sound of music coming trom their
And cansht"tlie scent of flowers, aad one
Flew homeward, over ns, to roam no more.
"I almost though: I aw thm In the dawn,
Falf uj ttiti rosy peales of P iradie.
But whentlie day broke tully they were gone.
Far, turther south the shore we se areU for
Pray God they turn the vessel ere too late '
Must we 'sail by, as manr time before?
They make mistakes, and'lay ic all to Fate
Thus we have never reached the longed for
And ad he talks the old man's '.ijrpr eyes
Are looking soatn ward, where he Hopes to
The purple peaks, crowned with strange
eth fairer skies than those ot Italy.
So sijjtit of land breaks on his hopeiul'eyes.
"Ah, we nave misstnl them, xs -o ott betore '
And we were near, jo near to them," he cries.
"Mast we sail on and on fonvermore'"
Where are our Happy Islands Must we sail
Forever past them when so near they seem'
Blow from the shores we iett, O favoring ale.
And watt tin to the shores that haunt each
O fellow voyager. Dray uod we And
The land we "i-ek and do not j:iss it by'
Oh. blow as to the suth. n-vit;ur vtndf
For thert.we thin, th-- .1 npy Islands lie.
txn S licijMTd, (jfir Continent.
A TO r AGE NOT OF PLEAS C-RE.
"la Mr. Wartield
quired in the outer
I heard: in
ih a ladv'i
I went to the door and ushered in the
visitor. She was young, handsome, and
"I am llr. Warneld"" I said, handing
.her a chair and taking one opposite ;
"can I be of any service to you,
"I wish you to write my will," she
replied. 4" I am to sail on the Penrose
for Liverpool this evening, " and 1 think
it prudent to provide ajraicst accident."
Then, without waiting to be ques-'
tionedt she went on, "with singular
clearness, to give a statement of her '
property, and now she desired it dis- I
posed or. The extent of her possessions
agreeably surprised me. I hadn't had
such a client before. . It was my lirst
year in practice, and hitherto the notarv-
ship of the Goldenshekel Banic bad been
my mst profitable business.
"I can have the paper ready in a coup- I
le of hours." I said. "Will you wait '
or return?" !
"I have many things to attend to,"
sne acawereu. -wouia it oe assmg
too much to request you to meet me on
the steamer at five?" There will oe a
couple of friends there to see me off,
and they can act as witnesses."
I assured her it would afford me
pleasure to comply with her request,
after which she took her leave
Promptly at the hour I vra.s on board
the Penrose, where I found my fair i
client in company with two gentlemen,
one of whom she introduced as her ;
cousin, Mr. Alfred Yawton, and the
other as her friend, Captain Deverall.
Withdrawing to a table at the end of i
the saloon, we took seats and the will
was read, over, when Mrs. Varney ',
that, I had forgot to mentiou, was the ,
lady's name affixed her signature, and
the'two gentlemen, at her request, ami '
with theusual formalities, subscribed as '
My fee, which I fixed at a liberal but
fair amount, was paid gracefully, when
Mrs. Varnev excu-ed herself to'look to
the disposal of her luggage, leaving me,
for the'present, with Cousin Yawton and
The former jokingly proposed a glass
of wine by way of reviver after the late
solemn business ; and calling a servant
to whom he spoke privately, we were
shown into a stateroom, o"c rather a
private cabin, sumptuously furnished,
whither bottles and glasses soon fol
lowed. Mr. Yawton did the honors. Step
ping to the sideboard, he fillet! us each
Instantly after drinking, a burning
-beat scorched my throat. My temples
throbbed. My" brain seemed on fire,
and felt as if "in a dizzy whirl. I en
deavored to crv out, but mv swollen
tongue and parebed throat refused to
utter a sound. I started to rush out,
but mv steps tottered and I fell insensL
My first consciousness was of being
shaken gently by the shoulder.
"Breakfast, sah?" a voice asked.
Opening uiy eyes, I found myself in
bed with a violent headache, which was
not a little aggraved by a rough, pitch
ing motion, every jar of which caused a
fresh dart of pain.
" Where am I?" I inquired of a
white-aproned colored servant standing
Just then a grave looking gentleman
entered, and began feeling my pulse.
"Where am I?" I repeated", "growing
more "and more excited.
"Pray be calm, sir" the gentleman
entreated ; "seasickness often makes peo
ple a little delirious, but you'll be all
a. giance aDouc tne room sumced to
show it was the same I had entered in
company with Mr. Yawton and Captain
Deverall. The bottles and glasses still
stood on the sideboard. The doctor
eyed them suspiciously, no doubt think-
ing he had discoverettihe true explana- I
tion of my seemingly abnormal mental
state. " j
"Please send the Captain here," I
aaid, with what calmness I could muster. '
When the. Captain came, I narrated
the facts which the reader already '
knows; and learned, in return, that my
passage had been paid and stateroom
secured the previous afternoon, after
which my trunk had been brought on
board. And, sure enough, there ic was
in a corner of the room. The lady and
two gentlemen who had met me on
board had left the ship before she hove
anchor, and we were now several hund
red miles on our way to Liverpool.
. That 1 was the victim of a "plot, was
bat too evident; bat the motive of the
plotters was a mystery to which I had,
as yet, no clew.
We had a long and stormy passage,
to me made all the" more tedious by a
torturing anxiety as to what might be
in prospect. " f
Another and not the least source of
my uneasiness lay in the fact tn the
day fixed for my wedding with Lucy
Joyce would come and pass before I
We reached Liverpool at last, and as
we entered the dock, a .newsman came
on board with American papers, brought
by a vessel .which had left two day3
later than ours. .
I procured one, and almost the first .
narazrapc. my eye ieii upon
sent the t
LocoCato nay bearc
"The Gokinshekel Bank," the item
ran, "was robbed yesterday A large
amount in mwney and bonds was ab
stracted fn--m the safe, and at first there
was no e'eff to the authorship of the
crime. Later deve'opments, however,
would seem to clear up the mystery. A
young lawyer, tne oanss notary, it ap-
redrj q;i,.,l fnr T irprnonl nn
? aa"' Ior Liverpool on
rose the verv evening on which the
theft transpired. Mr. Elmre,-a trusted
clerk of the institution, sugesjy that
therfugitive notary knew thecombina
tion on which the safe wa locked. The
Penrose is a slow vessel, and deceetive".
who have gone on a faster sailer, will
probablv succeed in heading the' erinis
itj first impulse was to dy to (he
j nearest telegraph office, and send back
aLcue sLateineut oi me iacts, anu tnen
surrender to the authorities and dejiiand
.But there was no time to execute the
plan ; for just then 1 was seized by a
! couple of ofiIcers,who hurried me to'my
' "Your trunk key," one of them de
manded. I delivered it over, ami a rapid -search
i revealed, at the bottom of my trunk, a
i thick packet, which, on beins opened,
was found to contain the stolen bonds!
A wild cry escaped me. I a-.se rud
my innocence, but my words -were re
ceived with an incredulous sneer, and I
saw it was useless to coutinue.
They kept me in irons till the firsj re
turn vessel sailed- The ajjonv oi the
voyage back, 1 do not wishto recall by
The day we landed, a carriage- was at
the pier, in vhich I wa- placed with a
keen-looking man who appeared to have
A brisk drive brought- us to oae of the
city courts, where I was asked to alight
and accompany my companion, who
led the way to a room where a magis-'
Urate was sitting, and where to my no
small surprise, 1 saw ifadame Varney,
Couin Yawton and Captain Devenill
occupying a seat together, and Jared
Elmore, the "trusted clerk." at their
side. Doubtless they had all been sum
moned to testify against me.
But there was another siirpri-e in
store. 1 was my-elf the fir-t witness
called. It was my first opportunity to
tell my story calmly and collectediy.and
I did so. It was listened to attendvelv,
and this time without any sneers of in
credulity. But the greatest surprise of all was
yet to come. The next witne-s wa he
who had ai-companied me in the car
riage: and judge of my astonishment
when he told how, having secreted him
self, he had overheard a conversation
between the fonr worthies whom I had
taken for accusing witnesses, in which
they had recounted the robbery of the
bank, which Jared Elm-fe, the
"trusted," had effected by dl-coverinz
the combination and stealing the safe-
key: and how they had gone over the
details of their plot to fasten the orime
on me by giving me the appearance of a
fugitive," and concealing in my trunk,
which thev had obtained from mv hoard-
( ing-house on a forged order, the -tolen
bonus which tney dared not dispose ot
owing to the precautions tacen by the
The firt u-e made of my freedom was
to hurry to th home of Lucy Joyce,
whither the story of my vindication "had
preceded me. We lost no time in ap
pointing another wedding-dav. and this
time there was no postpone -cent.
Jared Elmore, who had before striven
to -uoplant me with Lucy, and who had
nought revenge for his failure, hy shuf
fling off his own crime on me, is now,
with his a'omolices, doing the State
some serv.ee. .V. 1". Ledjer.
Hydrophobia or Insanityj -
Newark phvsicians are puzzled to
; diagnose the disea-e from which John
I Wilkinson, a car driver, living in Rose-
ville, is suffering. He was taken ill
I several day- ago and manlfe-ted all the
' symptoms of hydrophobia. He snapped
and -narled and growled like an ugly
dog, out evinced no aversion to water i
' when it wa offered to him he bic the
j dipper, but drank its contents, and from
; this fai't it is inferred that hi dL-ea-e is
'.not hydrophobia, but a form of insanity.
He '-reeps on his hands and knees, and
to keep him from attacking other per
1 sons and things with his teeth a cane is
given him to gnaw. As he rolls it be
1 t.een his teeth he growls and snarls
like a dog disappointed at finding no
1 meat on a bone that had been served to
j it. When Dr. Titus went to the house
to prescribe for him he found a chair
I against the door, and wa obliged to
1 climb in through the window. As the
doctor raL-ed the sash Wilkinson sprang
at him with the ferocity of a blood
j hound, barking and snarling, and tried
; to bite him. The physician seized him
I by the hair, and held" him until he hail
! put the sufferer in a straight-jacket.
Wilkinson's friends say he was bitten by
a dog when young, and insist that he
ha hydrophobia" notwithstanding the
judgment of the physician to the con
trary. Dr. litu believes that the
patient has been readingof hydrophobia,
and that the symptoms are due to ihn
effect of the reading on his mind. He
is in a precarious condition. His father
was insane when he died. N. Y. Times.
A Tickled Hooier.
An Indiana farmer walked into the
house the other day with a tickled look
on his face and his hat on his ear and
called out :
"By gum! Hanner, what do vou
think?""" ' "
"What's happened now?" "
"You know that fellow that sold me
the churn and had me sign a paper?"
"Well, that paper was a note for
"Noa!" - .
"True as preaching. And what else"
do vou suppose?"
"He sold it?"
"Right you are. Went and sold it to
a bank and I've got Co pay it. Think
of it, Hanner my note good 'nuff to be"
sold to a bank four stories high and
with plate glass windows, and they send
me just the"same k-ndof a notice to pay
as they would a rich man. I must Iec
old Sims hear of L in some way. The
ims family look :pon us a- scrubs-and
here we are treated the same as if we
rode in a keerage behind four hosses!"
Wall Street Neivs.
A Vicksburg igineer says the Mis
sissippi has an average depth of ten
feet at low water increasing to fifty in
times of flood ; and that as" the bottom
is soft loam or sand which goes down
two hundred feec before it reaches
gravel, no levees can be constructed
which will not be liable to undermining
by the freshet.
The increased tendencv to plav
chess by telegraph suggests our rati-
mating that it wouidn t be a bad iaea to
have prize-fights and cocking mains
conducted in the same wav. Rome.
Sentinel. ' ' -
Celery Coltore Xade'Easy.
Until recently the culture of celery
has been auira LimitiHJ'in most tvai-m of
this country. Ac present its cultavation
- -j, ,
I is .chiedy confined to market gardens
in. the vicimty of large towns. During
! the oast few vears there nave been large
plantations of it in many of the North
ern Slates. It3 cultivation is increasing
much faster than that cf.any garden
vegetable. Still the demand "for it is
rarely ever supplied. Touring the oyster
se:won and while poultry Is abundant in
the market it Ls often very difficult to,
obtain celery enough to meet the de
mand for it. Persons who become ac
customed to the use of eelerv dislike to
be deprived of it daring the winter sea-, After they have been established, how
nm when other vegetables are scarce- 'ever, and received suitable cultivation.
Still celery is almost unknown as an they grow rapidlv, The first cultivatioa
article of food in the country and in consists in loosening the aoil about the
small towns. It Ls rarely ever seen on planas with a hand-hoe and in keeping
he tabled of farmers who might have it it free from weeds. The plants or the
in abundance. Many people in the ground about them should never be dis
country never use it, because there is turbed when they are wet witfc rain or
none for sale in their vicinity, and be- j dew. Rust is enerallT produced by
cause they do not know how to raise it cultivating the plants when they are wee
without great trouble and expense, f After-cultivation consists of working the
ome have seen it in cultivation, but ; soil between the rows with a harrow,
thfe methods employed we're so coatly or ' cultivator, small plow, or the hand rake
laborious" that they we're deterred from or hoe. The latter implement should
adopting hem. It was. formerly thought ' be. employed between the plants, no
necessary, to -ow the seed and to raise matter what is used to keep the rround
tne young plants in a green-house or
noc-oeti, to- transplant teem several
times before they were placed in the
positions where they were to .mature,
and to dig deep trenches for the olants
to -row in after they were of consider
able size. It was .aLsO thought neces-1
sary to shade the plants after'they were t
lirst set out, and todo all the work of '
cultivation with hand-tools. . Even wilh ,
all this labor the crop wa a very un- i
certain one. Ic was liable to be de-!
stroyed by the rust, a lack of moisture,
or an accumulation of water in the
The cuitLyation of celery has been
much simplified dnring the pat few
years, and the varieties raised have been .
much improved. The gianc varieties
have been generally discarded for the
reason that it takes much longer for
them to mature, while they are Lable to .
more -injuries, and require a greater
amount of care. Small or dwarf va
rieties are now generally raised.
These mature much quicker, are
-ubject to less injuries, and are much
more easily raised and prepared for the
taoie or market, as the labor ot blanch
ing b less. It is now comparatively
easy for any one living1 on a farm or in
a village to raise a sntSeient amount of
celery for the supply of a family. Celery
is aL-o a profitable and somewhat easy
i crop to raise in most parts ot the cotin
; try. If the land is quite valuable celery
i can be raised on ground thai has "pro"-
daced one crop of early vegetables, the
crop does not do well in localiti-y sub
ject to protracted droughts or to high
wimls, unless protection in the form of
trees, fences, or rising ground is af
forded. JjThe plant3 do best on soils that
are quite moist. Very large crops of
I'elery have been raised on bog3 thac
have been drained and on sandy soils
that are well supplied with wa-rJ If it
is planted on sandy soils, considerable
manure must be " u-ed. To prevent
mueu uiuur me xm suuuiu oe quite tree
iruin iue gra-a anu tue seeus 01 weeus.
If the ground is not naturally rich, well
rotted stable manure will be" found to be
the best general fertilizer. Salt and
wood ashes are also desirable. The soil
for raising celery should noc only he tol
erablv rich, but well pulverized to a
considerable depth. The -eed is very
.-mall and germinates very slowly. On
this-account ic most be -own in a favor
able .situation as early in the spring as
the -oil will admit of working. In this
latitude it is advisable co sow it in the
early pare of April.
Gardeners who raise celery plants tor irtv daT3 'ter tiemenc file in the
sale oiten sow the seed in hot-beds so j 0ajce of tQe a&itriel: a written de
as to have them ot large ze when thy , notion of the land and a declaration
are wanted ror setting out. Persons tha he intend3 w chim zhe 3j5m,
who wish only to raiie plana rpr the the Preemption laws, and must make
use 01 the family can start them m a pavmeQt lthin ooe war after his set
box, like tho-e u--ed lor holding raisins, "ment. If the land"has not been pro
;or instance, whicn ls kept m a nniiy , clhiml ior sale, than the drin
exposure m the house while the weather ,
19 cold, and placed out 01 doors when
the weather is favorable. The earth in
the box should be quite rich and free
from foul seeds. Some heat the soil over
a fire in order to de-troy the eeds of
weeds it may contain. The earth must
be quite moist, aad after the plants are
of considerable size it Ls well to place
the bottom of the box occasionally in
water, and allow the earth to absorb all
the moisture it will. For raising a large
numaer ot plants it is better to make
use of a seed-bed in the open ground
It should be about six feec wide, and as
long as is neces-ary to rai.-e the plants
desired. The-soil in the bed must be
rich, well pulverized, and free from foul
seeds. Some practice burning over the
seed-bnd in order to destroy insects and
the -eeds of weeds. The -eed should be
sown in rows about ten incnes apart
They should be straight and marked bv 1
sticks at the ends. It is alo desirible
to drop radish seed in the tows, abou
six inches apart. They will germinate
quickly a"Tid-how where the rowg are.
and will also allow the ground between
them. to be worked before the young
piants. appear. The soil between the
rows should be worked twice a week,
and great pains taken to prevent anv
I. weeds or grass from growing. If the
sou becomes quite dry it must be moist
ened, the water being applied at night.
The seed will germinate quicker if it is
soaked in warm water a d-15 and night
before ic is sown. An application of
liquuimanure will cau-e the young
plant3 to grow more rapidly, "if the
plants are quite thick they should be
thinned out so they will tand aboua an
If verv choice stalka of celerv are de- !
sired, it will pay to remove some of the will turn away from sour and disgust-,
plants when they are quite small into I aS food. If left to pick up his own Hv
nurery row3 and to give them thorough "ng where he can find it, he wul eat
attention. They should stand two or ' 'anything he can find eatable, but even
three inches apart in the rows, and the I then will eat acorns, fallen fruit, or
rows should be far enough apart to al-! roots in preference to. garbage; and
low the hoe to be used "between them, human beings in similar straits will act
Whether the plana stand in the nlaqe precisely in the same way. It may be
where they were raised till they arVput economical, and perhaps even desirable,
in Tiprminpnt. nrwitrnna nr""m rprnnrrorf tO Convert into DOrk matters which fttn
into nursery row3, "they should -be
trimmed several times in order to render
them stocky. The bottom leaves should stence of mankind, and the pig is pos
be taken off and the top ones shortened, sibly properly utilized in this manner.
This work 3houId be done with sharp Our only desire is to vindicate his char
sheaw. In setting the plants in per- acter aa a cleanly feeder, if only he has
manent row3, it is best to shorten the. the chance of cleanly feeding vooch
root3 if they are quite long. Trans- safed him."
planting may. be done at any suitable r . , , , .
time from the middle of June to the first. . moTl . . .. ,- .
r. TU nWn.OTmKn. t- t
--. -- - -. .-. ...... -w..,
transplanting is during or immediately
after a rain. If no rain occurs for a
considerable period, the ground must be
nM -n v TTA - I 'UjknTif fc ,-m ?.
IC Kb UUU J.IIC SOIX SUUU1U. U IU JJUOO.
condition in advance of the
'time of I
transplanting. Ic should be plowed cr
spaded quite deep, and further pulver-
ixeu. wim uniuw ui liAc. Ane rows
should be entirely straight to render the f
work of cultivation easy. It is best to '
use a. line in setting out plants. If
giant Varieties are iLtr7tea the rows 1
Aould be five feet apart, H laedlam-1
sized va.iltles axe raised they may ba
four f eet and if dwarf kindd are selected
they may be within three feet of eaca
other. The plants ace set in the rows
- M 1
from, six to nine inches anart. accordini?
to the "variety coltavated- A dibble is
the beat implement to use in a
plement to use m aaSaar out.
The planu should be nicely trimmed
before they are set oat. It. u best to
have one person prepase and drop the
plants where thev are wanted, and
another set them out. Toe soil should
be well pressed about them when they
are in the proper place.
The plants make a very slow growth,
even under the most favorable circum-
stances, for some ame after they have
been olaeed in their new locations.
i mellow between the rows. The plan 1
will become quite large by tee 1st of
J September, by which 'time the plants
, required for" earlv use should be
worked" or banked up to in order to
blanch the leaves. This process consists
in gathering the leaves together m one
hand and drawing the earth about them
with a hoe. In large plantations one
person gathers the leaves and holds
them firmly, while another draws the
earth about them. After the leaves are
supported by the earth brought about
them by the hoe, a plow u emploved to
throw up a larger quantity. In banking
up great care must be taken to prevent
noc be covered bv the earth. They should
be allowed an opportunity to grow, and
wiH in a: few weeks become long enough
to require a second banking. This op
eration must sometimes De repeated
more than once. Chiaiju Times.'
" m m
I . "
Title to Public Lands by Pre-Emptioa
The pre-emption privilege is restricted
to heads of families, widows, single
persons (.including female) over twenty-one
years of age who are citizens- of
the I'nited States or have legally de
clared their intention of
zens, who have made a
person on the public land subject to pre
emption, wno inhabit ami improve the
same, and who have erected or shall
erect a dwelling thereon. Such persons
are authorized to enter at theproper
Land Office lb'U acres of land, which
shall include their dwellings, at the
-matiest price, liuc oeiore any persou
claiming the beneric of the Pre-emption
laws is allowed to enter lands, he must
taie oath before the receiver or register
ui me uiuu uiainci. in waica uue iaau is
situated that he has never had the bene
fit of any right of pre-emption; that ha
t b noC thfl owner Q-f 3.3, of j
t land m
any State or Territory : that he hao not
3ettled upon and improved such land to
sell the same for speculation, but in
good faith to appropriate it to his own
exclusive use ; and that he has not, di
rectly or indirectly, made any agreement
or contract, in any way or manner, with
any person whatever by which the title
which he might acquire from the Gov
ernment of the United States should
inure in whole or in part to the benefit
of any person except himself.
If the land settled upon is subject to
TITTa anffw fh jaf!1l a rmf-titn
.n.j.ii.. nrt? ru; fi.,,
and declaration must be filed within three
months after settlement ; or if the land
has not been surveyed, then within three
months after the receipt of 'the survey
of the township within which it is situ
ated at the Land Office of the district
embracing it. Settlers upon unsurTeyed
land or land that has nof been pro
claimed for sale have thirty months-af-tar
filing their declarations in which to
make paymenc. N. Y. Sun.
Habits of the Pur.
"When the pig wallows in -mire,"
says Dr. Ballaru, "he merely follow an
instinct implanted in him, in common
with some other pachydermatous creat
ures, the object of which is cutaneous
cleansing. The mud stands to him .in
the relation of soap to a human being.
but instead of washing it off with water.
he allows it to cake and dry upon the
skin, and then rubs it all off, mud and
cutaneous debris together, .upon some
sufficiently rough surface. Loose hair
and cutaneous scurf irritate him, and
he takes his own way of cleansing his
skin from them. Cleanse his skin for
him and he will rest in contentment.
withoac offending the eves of his super- 1
cilious betters, often less gcrnnnlons in I
ciiioua betters, often less scrupulous in
this matter than he is, by his wallow
ings. scratchings and scrubbings.
"It has long been known that a pig
thus cleansed with soap and water not
only becomes less objectionable, but
grows fat more speedily than if left to,
cleanse himself in his own way. Sim
ilarly as respects his food. Garbage is
not the food that the pig selects by
preference. In fact, a pig which has
been fed for any time upon sweet food
in no other way, or in no way more con- j
venient, be made subservient to the sub-
A man in
gines himself a horse. He runs wildly
" " " " J-.ootii.i, !., uiur
through the streeta, beats himself with a
switch and increases his 3peed at his
own command to "gee up there." He
gone to grass," as it were, in the
nT stoTT'-Ctexgo EeraU.
Sleeves have alnaostdiaappeared from
tne waists oi evening aressea, DUt tne
asms ar covered by kid gkrresthat
are more than a yard long and are wars
in maay wrinkles from hoaldsta to
wrists. The giovea match the dress ia
anv earth trom getting between the ' .liicua ulc iu, -!wW
Th t-nn nf th l-ios ahnnM 1 pion were exhibited and the difference
Prof. Bickmore gave the sixth of ala
series of Jectures on zoology at lha
American Museum of Natural History,
the other morning. His subject was
Spiders and Grasshoppers." Asusaal,
a large number of specimens and slides
reoresentinor the life and frroa "of the
I subjects were exhibited. Including two
plates in which the actual cast-oa aims
of grasshoppers and cockroaches war
shown- The lecture revealed a number
of peculiarities of common insects
which are not generally known. It was
asserted that the dragon livf or "knitting-needle."
as it Is sometimes called.
iS not at all dangerous, but is aainotTen
sive insect, the long tail of which Is bus
a harmless attachment that has no ting'.
In face thedragou dy was shown to be
a beneneial sort of an insect, becaus
it destroys gnats and other small dies
which are ordinarily a pest to humanity.
This same dy has a peculiar construc
tion, the lower jaw being a movable or
gan which reaches out when the animal
desires to obtain food, and brings It to
the mandibles, and when not in use for
the purpose of capturing food, closes
bsck'overthe head. The head of the
dragon-fiv. like that of other insects,
seems to be mainly a place for the eyes,
the brains of the fly being in the cues:
instead of in the heaiL The common
centipedes of this country were shown
to be harmless, as were the so-called
ear-wigs. In the class treated of were
included the marine -mites, whose stom
achs are a series of cells attached to
their legs. Other insects were shown
to the auditors, which have lungs
vfrom their boot3 to their hats
as the Professor-explained. A number
of peculiar bugs of the spfdar
class were shown, where the two anterior
legs had developed Into long and deli
cate feelers, yet the animals are able to
move about readily, as they have six
legs left with which to walk. -Several
I nii.iim.in.i - Pr.i m i w w Laa ilnrV QrWM
! in tneir method of stinging explained.
The tarantula bifes. as the rattlesnake
t does, with a pair of fangs, which are
i in its jaws- The scorpion's sting, how
ever, 'u an attachment in the form of
: 1 fish-hook at the end of its taiL Among
the peculiar things described was the
way in which the spider builds and
uses its .veb. The nest :s m the center
of the spiral web woven, and the lilies
radiating from this center to the exte
rior edges are reallv a telegraphic sys
tem bv which the spider tells when any
le ritimate prey walks into its parlor, is
entangled, and s becomes food for the
wily weaver. The scorpion found on
the'fearth in this -region, the Professor
explained, is. a sort of aerial lobster, a
false scorpion, whose appearance is
much worse than its bite, which is not
at ali dangerous. A peculiar array of
injects which take on the color and
the form of the leaves and twigs on
which they live were shown, and ex
cited much curiosity. Theae are com
monlv known as leaf and stick insects.
and are a subject of mmh comment be-
cause of their peculiar character.
f grasshopper was treated of at length.
and the most peculiar thing about it
shown was the meth d bv which it sheds
its old coat and takes ou a new one.
When the grasshopper leaves its coat it
goes out of it backward, first bursting
Its old shell at the back between the
wings, and crawling out in that way, by
the oack door, so to speak. The encase
ment abandoned has all the form of the
animal, but loes its brillianev of color.
.V. Y. Times.
American Good Nature.
One great aim of American life is
labor saving. Wherever the mechan
ism by which a man's wants are t.j bi
supplied consists in part of human be
ings, the trouble of getting it to wurk.
and c nsequently the advantage of do
ing w'.thuuf. is en rmousiv greater than
I in"Engiand- In such cases, theref . re.
; submission becomes pr idence. andsub-
! mission generates patience or good na
ture. 1 ou cannot command so much
j human machinery, and the consequent
c mpl.ance with" the resulting incon
veniences s -metimes interpreted by
hastv persons as a result of wicked
jealousy. Take, for example, those
large a tels which an? formerly pecul
iar to Amenca. You an forced, said in
dignant travelers fresh from European
comf- res. to be a mere number instead of
being the 1 b et of personal attentii n.
ami this illustrates the tyranny of a ma
jority and its hatred for individual pe
culiarities. Xirsuch sentiment need be
inferred. Where every ody eat3 Iise
his neighbors, eats at the same time.
j anO submits to uniiorra regulations,
1 there is an en rm as economy of .labor
j Iwo or three waiters can serve all the
j guests at a table d'ho'te where, iieach
man wishes for a separate waiter to at
I tend to all his want- just as the wunu
I are felt, a dozrn would be insufficient.
j The same principle is equally visible .a
: all the other arrangements which are
most obvious to a traveler. The En
glish, traveler, accustomed to any
number of porters aad g1 ards and su
perintendents is disgusted when he
finds n such array of dependent
fficials. and when he is expected to
facilitate arrangements bv submitting
( to do what evervlwdv el-e is doing, and
&a thac neither tips nor objurgations
are dreaded or expected The readi
ness with which frenchmen form a
'vm on appropriate occasion- has often
been mentioned as a proof of the na
tional intelligence and courte-y. In
America the traveler is always forming
mn he finds huuseli constantly
obliged to fall in with some,sueh spon
taneous arrangement, the final cause ci
which is the sav.ng of all the elaborate
personal machinery so easily provided
when nbor is cheay. He treU and
fumes at the inferior qua itv of the ac
commodation provided, and is hali
tidin'ed and half-soandalned by the good
nature of the habituatetL The good
'nature means, in fact. the habit of sub
mTtting fo inconven ences caused by the
independence of your inferiors; it is the
qualjty developed In a bachelor in cham
bers'who is bullied by a slatternly laun
dress anil despi ed f 1 r his tameness by
the I'omfortabie monarch of a domestic
estab ishment We do not presume to
say ho'W far this habit of renunciation
! enters into th m hfference with which
Americans too often accept political
scandals and grievances, or the too eaav
forgiveness which they extend to vari
ous evj-doers. Neither do we aak hw
far it is compensated by advantages to
the classes whose services are in de
mand. We simply observe that the
hasty traveler often assises some occult
working of democratic prtncinle as tha
cause of what is simply due to the scarc
! "ity of labor. In a country where tha
raw material of social machinery Is so
dear "" so apt to disperse into Its con
stituent atoms, one learns to accept tha
alternative of daing without, and taking
deprivation as easily as one can, b
cause no amount of scolding will lead m
satisfactory results. Pall-iCall QasetU.
Alexander Dumas is writing a book
on the science ci ciiromancy, m which
h is aaardent btliavar.