The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, April 25, 1883, Image 1

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.ix I -jmi j i
& JL&X.
EyBuafness and ;
I professional carasA- -
of. fire lines or less, per annum, five
For time advertisements, apply
at tais office.
" 23TLegal advertisements at atafaa
Z3T OFFICE, Eleventh $t., vp -tairs
i7t Journal Building.
BTPaa-traaaVNrt sveni m, ,
rates on third pace. 0 t
S7AUlCade?Uaanaata aajaTpi . ,
Pervear. ..
Six months.
Tlirpc months .
Single copies
. I
VOL.XHI.N052.l U ft
WHOLE NO. 676.
Proprietori and Publishers.
'' II It
i -
On Thirteenth- St., and Nebraskd Ave-,
over Friedhofs store.
jTOffice Loui i, S to 15 a. in.; 1 to ." p. m.
Oll AsnBAUGU, Dentist.
" -' f
Up-stairs in Gluck Building, 11th itreet,
Ahove-thtyv bnnl.. -'
1-tli Street, -door nest' or Hamaoad ow,
Columbus, N'b. 491-y
T"K. .11. D.THIIKrflMW,
Oilier over eorner of 11th and North-st.
All operation tirr-t-claxs and warranted.
M1M a; uakiier muoim
HF.NKY WOODS, Pa5i'K. , ;
. . . . .1 . . . 4..1
JSTKvervthiiiK hrst -elnri ntyle.
Aluo keep tin- l.t-st ol cigars. .rH-J
OtIW-e on Olive -t., Columbus N-l'akH.
ft C. A. HUIiLIIOHM, A.M., M.D.,
13-Two Blocks south of C,ourt House.
Telephone eomniunieation. . 5-1?
Wines, Liquors. Cigars, Porters, Ales,
t-In, etc.
Olive Street, next to First National lUnk.
Ottiie up-stairs in McAllister' build
iuK. 11th al. W. A. Mr Alli.teri Notary
Att:rsi7 asi Mctory Pall'e. . f Cdlutor.
Culmnbus, : : : Nebraska
. -
- KO. ..' DBKKf.
I' A I XT Ell.
JSTi'.irriHe. hife and -.ifiu painting,
Maixs, paper nanning, kHl-uiuining, etc.
done to ordei. Shop on l."th St., opposite
Kiigiiu Hoti-e, i. ohuiiliui., Neh. 10-y
i n.Kisiii:,
llth St., opposite Lindcll Hotel.
e.l II ami"".. addle. Collars, Whips,
Blunkit-. uir Conih-, Brushep, trunks,
valines. tnrr top-, etihions. eirriage
triiuiiiiiir-. Ac. at the lowest possible
prifi'b. KepAir- pr mittlj attended to. r.TAJiKKK,
"Real Testate Agent,
Genoa, Nance Co., Neb.
MLI LANI and improved lamiB
V tor ale. t orre-pondeuee solicit
ed. Office in Young's building, up--tairsi.
HI' Ml' II HEY, NEB 11.
ilia latidN oinpri.-.' xome iine tracts
lu the afapll Creek Valley, and the uiith
ern portion o Pl-tte" county. TaxeT
paid for nou-iewldents. Sati"laction
iruar-iiiteed. 20 y
All kinds ol repairiug. done ou -short
notice. Buggies, Wagon, etc,. made to
order, and nil work guaranteed.
JSTShop opposite- the " Taltf-r-all,"
Olive Street. -'2-
-oa.i!MBii. iA;Ki.ifti o.,
Packer and Penln- in all kind of Hog
product, eah p-inl for or Ifead Hoj;-
or grease.
Director.- K. H Henry, Trest-i John
WiggiuH, hi'c. aiul Trea.; I.. Gertard, S.
oiiri: x xfr:A:iiKR.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court nouse
on the third Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certilioate, and
for the transaction of any other hii-iinea,
pertaining to school". rt'.T-y
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick building-. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on l.'lth Street, near
t. Paul Lumber Yard, Cohrmbu-, Ne
braska. ."2 Cino.
Liverv and Feed Stable,
Is prepared to furnish the public w.Uh
good team-, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funeral. Also
conducts a sale stable. 44
D.T. Maktyx, M. I). F. SciiCG, M. D.,
Deutschcr Art:.)
Dre. X A&TYN & SCHU&, '
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeon. Union Tacitie and
O., N. & 11. H.R. IPs. ,
3i ol-xiii-v
a Carpenters and. Contractors.
Havebad an cxteudl experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds 6f repairing done on abort
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call aud give us an oppor
tunitytoestimateforyou. JTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof &
Co's. store, Columbus. Nebr. 4Stf-V
Are prepared to receive and pay 3.00 per
ton for good clean flax straw free, from
foreign hunstancesj delivered on their
grounds' near the . reamery, in
bus erasKa. . "
- GEO. SMITH. Aft.
Colsmtms, Pec. S, 1SS2. szm
t ?
S:::tu::it3 Surel A Bttl ul Tztur Htlst.
hi 4
(Jeo. W. Hulst, Vice Pres't.
.Tulius A. Rekd.
Edward A. Gkrhakd.
' :XnerTorner, Cashier.
,Wttl4 OeyMf t kftlscoMsfi'
aad EichaiKe.
' CiMctlaHlrms)tly Made oa
all PolatK.
Par latere Time Depe.
It. L ' 274
Eleventh 'Street, opposite the' n
' I.iudell Hotel,
J Has on hand a fuH'assortment of
Pipes, CigtnandvTilaoO j
nighest price paid for Conntry Produce.
Goods delivered in'citr.
lur O
AVagon Builders,
Sew Brlrk Shop opposite llrtatx's Urns More.
Eleventh Street, Columbus, Nebraska.
S. JT. MARMOY, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ava, South of-Depot,
4'Ol.lI.lUliM, ni:b.
A new house, newly furnished. Good
cfommodatious. Board by day cr
.week at raonafile. rate.. T
U 4 A
3"He:tH a Flmf-ClaMH Table.
Meals,.... 2.f Cts. Lodging.... 2.1 Cti.
Special Induoemente.
Since the distribution of premiums is
over and our Premium Listvlosed until
next ear, we art vet anxious to Increase
the circulation or the WEEKLY BEE to
such a number as 1o greatly reduce the
cost of the paper and to furnish it to our
subscribers at a mere nominal price. In
order to do so, v,e oiler the same for the
balance of the vear, from now until Janu
ary 1st, 184, for ONE DOLLAR. This is
the lowest price ever asked for any west
ern journal of the size, and all should
avail themselves of this liberal offer.
.')0-l Onaaan; Iel.
- - i "
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
EtTWhoIesale nnd Retail Dealer in For
eign Wine-, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Seotch and English Ales.
tKtntucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season', by tut case
can or dish.
Utk StrMt. Semth f Dpot.
people are always on the
lookout for chances to
increase tlleir earnings,
and in time become
wealthy: those who do not improve their
opportiinities remain in poverty. We
offer a great chauce to make money. We
want many men; women, boys and girls
to work for us right in theirtwn localities
Any one ran do the work properly from
the lirst start. The 'usiness will pay
more than ten times ordinarv wages. Ex
pensive. outHt. furnished. No one who
engages tails jo make money rapidly, lnu
can devote your whole time to the work,
or only your spare moments. Full infor
mation and all that is needed sent free.
Address Stinson & Co.. Portland, Maine.
Our large OARDE.1
aiTIDEdescribing Cole's
ta All. We oflcr the Latest Nov
elties in SEED POTAXOES, Corn.
Ooats and Wheat, and the Beit Collection
of Vesetable, Flower, Gin and Tree
SGEU. Everything is te-ted. Address
X1,E 4c.nO., ScedMMea, PEL.
LA, IOWA. 45-eowp
Per week to live agents. Something new.
Sells on sight. Thjb Templb:OF Life:
reyreaectsng.tke ' PafL'Ptefleali and JPa.'
ture. A fine lithograph in six elegant
tints. Size 22x33. Sesd strap for cjtcu.
lar. fiiMIM Ac - Jitt.kBMr.
. - ... 77 ST'
National Bank!
AuthoVize. Capital, ..- - 250.008"
Cash Capital, - - 50,000
SivM'lJ C. SMITH. VieePrWt.
JOrT. ROEN. Ca.-hier. '
.1. W. EAHLV,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Pubsage
Ticketx. Real Etate, Loan aud Insurance.
Genersi Agcntsforthe Sale of
t Union Pacific, and" Midland Pacific
B. R. Lands for sale at from f 3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or ou tive or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved aud
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable'ternis. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Lonti Time and low rate
of Interest.
All wishing to buy Rail Road Lands
or Improved Farms will nnd it to their
advantage to call at the U. P. Land
Office before look in elewhere as I
make a specialty of buying and selling
lands on commission; all persons wish
ing to sell f.irma or unimproved land
will find it to their advantage o leave
their lands with me lor sale, as my fa
cilities for affecting snips -are unsur
passed. 1 am prepared to make final
proof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homesteads.
83THenry Conies, Clerk, writes and
speaks (Itnuan.
Agt. U. P. Land Department,
- 121-y COLUMBUS, NEB.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
GpotlM Delivered Free- to
part fine City.
Farm and Spring Wagons,
of which 1 keep a constant supply on
hand, but few their equal.'" iu stle and
quality, second to none. -"
Cor. Thirteenth, and K Streets, near
A. & X. Depot.
Furniture, Chairo, Bedsteads, Bu
reaus, Tables. Safes. Lounges.
&c. "Picture Frames and
XSTKepniringof all kinds of Upholstery
Tin and Sheet-Iron Ware !
1 Job-Work, Koofiog aid Gutter
ing a Specialty . -
EsrShop on Eleventh Street, opposite
fieiatz's Drug Store. 4G-y
aassscg,;,- .JaS
Said Nell to Fred.
Wnom she'd Just wed.
All in the Bunay weather:
"Oh! Life is fair!
I've not a cara:
My heart la like a feather."
Said Nell to Fred
when, ten years sped.
The children loud wero crrin j
"I'm la despair
I've so much care!
My life Is spent In sighing."
"For Joy and pain.
Like sun and rain,
Aye follow one another;
And if we've one,
When that Is dono
We may expect the other."
Another said
When newly wed:
"Suoh deep delight I borrow
From Lite and Love.
Below, above.
My Joy Is almost sorrow!"
Again ahe said
whon ten years wed:
"Though cares the children double,
Yet greater far
My pleasures uro
In them than all my trouble."
For Joy and pain,.
A double strain
In human hearts awaklnsr,
Do sometimes How
Together, so
A single music making.
DemoraVt Monthly.
How They Are Made and How and Where
Payable The Character of Kemlttances,
and the Class of Persons Sending Them.
"Drafts on Ireland, from .1 upward,
payable throughout the old country
without discount." This advertisement
is no doubt familiar to the readers of the
Herald, who see it from time to time,
and no doubt often wonder jusl what is
back of it what it fully means, in fsqt;
for few think that the bank would con
tinue an advertisement of the kind in
large type at quite a considerable daily
expense unless there was some profit in
it unless it was to- catch a portion of
what may be a large business in the way
of exchange. To learn some facts regard
ing this business. President Potter was
waited upon on Friday last.
I wish to inquire, Mr. Potter, in re
gard to the business of sending drafts
to Ireland. Is it much of a busi
ness?" "Yes; it has been made by us a snug
little item in addition to our ordinary
regular business, though I may say that
now it has become a part of our regular
"When did you start the busibess?"
"About two and a half years ago.
You remember when Mr. Parnell w as
here? Well, that was the time. Con
siderable subscriptions had been raised
in this city and vicinity to aid the cause
of Irish iudepondence'ns advocated by
Mr. Parnell, and our bank was chosen
bv the committee having the funds in
charge as a depository of that money.
This led to the business of transmitting
money for individuals to the old coun
try, and this has grown to be quite a
considerable and steady one, there be
ing certain seasons when it assumes
larger proportions than others."
"How do you send the money in
trusted to you to Ireland?"
" We have arrangements with two of
the leading; banking concerns in that
country. These banks have numerous
branches throughout Ireland. These
branches are not mere agencies, but
actual branches owned by the principals.
We do not have this system in the
United States, but they have it in
Canada in the Bank of British North
America, which, by the way, has
branches In New York and Chicago.
Well, these banks and their branches,
by an understanding between us, cash
our checks in any part of Ireland where
they are located," and we keep remit
ting to them constant' to meet these
checks, the tide being all one way. A9
a consequence of our checks being so
readily convertible into cash in any part
of Ireland, they have become so well
known throughout the country that any
tradesman will generally readily receive
them, and many of them being in 1
and 2 denominations, they are fre
quently used as a kind of auxiliary cur
rency by tradesmen."
"What is the volume of this busi
ness?" "It varies from time to time, as I
told you. About the middle of Novem
ber, what you might call a 'rush' com
mences. People are then sending
money very generally to their friemls
in Ireland for Christmas presents. Aft
er this rush the business of remitting
goes on evenly until just before St
Patrick's day, when there is another
rush to send money to the old country.
During these times the remittances
through .our bank will aerage from
150 to 200 a day. Outside thee
seasons the average may be said to be
from 75 to lf a day. The day be
fore yesterday we drew ninety-four
bills on Ireland, aggregating 244, and
the day previous eighty-eight bills, ag
gregating 186. That is about how
they run. though sometimes, even at
this season, there is a falling off for one
or, perhaps, two days in a week. Dur
ing the last two we have drawn bills for
"What class of peop!e are the most
frequent senders?"
" About seven-eighths are females
working women mostly domestics,
"What is the average amount of the
drafts sent?"
"Well, I should say that they would
average about 2 10s.; but three-
fourths of the small exchange is for !
sums under 2. Two pounds, how
ever, is the amount those people like to
send. They arc a eenerous-hearted
people, and their love for home and
kindred must be strong when, earning
the small wages many of them do. they
will yet save a moiety to send home to
lighten the burden of the old folks."
"I suppose you have sometimes curi
ous experiences with those people?"
" I do occasionally run across some
odd things, that is a fact things which
illustrate the Irish character in a variety
of peculiar ways. I have only the time
at present to tell you one anecdote.
Something over a year ago two Iris.h
girls domestics, and living in the coun
trycame to me and asked my advice
about sending 50 home to their father
in Ireland. He was a tenant farmer.
and had bought a small holding, where
he raised his family. His daughters '
wanted to uitt him in acquiring a piece
of land adjoining that occupied by him.
and the 50 thev wished to send him
was to enable nim to gain this end.
Having posted myself somewhat upon
the tenure of the Irish tenant farmer, I
undertook to advise the one .who came
to me against such a course. " I told her
that, if she did send the money and her
father did purchase the right of paving
a high rent for land, he would still have
no title to it. and if he should, through
111 health or misfortune, fail to pay his
rent, he might be dispossessed of his
holding, and the money would be lost
to him and them forever. I advised
them rather to have their" father come
to America, where land could be had' in.
abtmdands" win a clear title and a good
prospect of enhancement in value in the
coming years. She replied that ker father
was getting to be an old man. was at
tached to his home, and would notleavo
it, and that the money had better be
sent to him. I accordingly forwarded
a draf for 50 to her father, and the
transaction faded from mymiud. The
memory of it, however, was revived a'
short time ago by the same person com
ing to me to again ask my advice. She
said her father would not use the mon
ey sent' to him, on the ground that he
would not be beholden to his children
for money. 4We are a curious, inde
pendent people, sir,' she said, ' and do
not like to be beholden to any one so
fathefwill not take the money; he
would go to the poor-house first, and I
suppose it is lost.1 She had an idea-that
when the. draft went to Ireland and was
not presented for payment .'it codjd not
be rccote'redaW tW fiafit Wfltkf
country iwas benefited byfiboShart4dlj
me neriatber njuLoenclut(ediOjCOBe.9
America, and
could do anything toasslsl hlr in1 Uni
ting at least a small portion of the :'0.
I told her to send to her father, get the
draft, and she could hae her money
back. She did.write him; he retained
the draft and she recovered her
" l)o you have many drafts of this de
nomination to draw?"
"Not many. Sometimos we have
drafts for 10 or 12; but the average i
between 2 and 3. The great bulk of
the drafts are for 1."
"What do you charge for sending
"Our charges are moderate. We is
sue 1 drafts for five cents. As to the
protits of the business, that is a thing I
do not care to talk about it is a thing.
of course, which does not interest the
public that I can- see. The bnsines
satisties us."
The writer nad an opportunity on vari
ous occasions of seeing those who sent
money to Ireland through the Maverick
Bank. All of these people they were
mostly females be workers,
and had a careful, thrifty, thoughtful
air about them. Some were well
dressed, and all decently clad. Somo
were mother and brought their babies
along with them, and three youngster?,
unmindful of the solemn dignity ol
bank-ollicers and men with cash de
posits, often made the Vtr vocal with
their lusty cries the mothers being un
usually "flustered" at the exhibition of
their offsprings without the power of
stopping it. It, was a refreshing sight,
however, to see people with hearts in
them, who remembered those who had
given them being, and would spare
something from their own small earn
ings to make life more comfortable at
the time comfort is most needed the
decline. The gratitude of children must
be the reverse. Well, it is a strange
world, and it is a great pity that virtue
has not more shekles to distribute in do
ing good or performing dutiful acts.
Boston Herald.
Exploring the Everglades.
There is a prospect that the Ever
glades of Florida, celebrated in poetry
and in history, yet withal a compara
tively unknown land, are now for the
first time to be thoroughly explored.
The novel work is to be done at the ex
pense of the New Orleans Times-Democrat,
and a number of thorough"- com
petent gentlemen, engineers, draughts
men, writers and guides, are already
engaged in the exploration. The Ever
glades are supposed to have been
known as early as the time of Ponce de
Leon, and it is insisted by some writers
that he referred to this beautiful and
poetic, though decidedly mysterious,
miasmatic and swampy region when fie
gave to Florida its name, the "Land of
Flowers." They first came prominent
ly into public notice, however, when
the (Government went to war with the
celebrated Seminole Indians, command
ed bv the wily chiefs Osceola and Billv
Bowlegs. It may still be remembered
that the conflict in question was a lousr.
J expensive, and, for a time, a most dis
asirous one. Aiie muians Knew every
foot of the vast swamps and dense
forests into which they adroitly led
our troops, while the latter in the intri
cacies of the to them bewildering
jungle became more and more mys
tified and discouraged as the une
qual contest went on. Many years
have since gone by. The Seminole war
has passed into history, and the once
heroic band of savages has, in the In
dian Territory, settled into a common
place and comparatively quiet com
munity, but the Everglades still remain
silent and unknown. The expedition
which is now to explore them has start
ed from the mouth of the Kissimee Riv
er, and it is expected that it will de
scend that stream into the much-talked
of Lake Okeechobee, which is supposed
to be ra the center of "The Dark Penin
sula." Having fully explored the Jake
and the character of the lands in and
around it. the trip is to be continued by
way of the Caloosahatchie Kiver and
other smaller streams and the canal of
the Disston Company to the Gulf of
Mexico at Punta Rosa, the point from
which the telegraph cable now loaves
the mainland for the West Indies, and
from which it is expected that a regular
line of steamers to New Orleans will ul
timately be established. As has been
intimated, the primary object of the in
teresting expedition is togie the world
some account of a region which, for all
practical purpose, is less known than
Central Afriea. Incidentallyj however.
it is expected that the exploration will
result in the opening of the rich land
of the everglades to the cultivation of
rice and of sugar, and it may be in the
establishment of extensive settlements
and commerce. Boston 2'ranscript.
How a Judge Checked Perjury.
A Danish colonial magistrate, fqr
whose exceptional character and ability
we can vouch, once made a grimly
comic experiment in this direction and
upon this principle: He was appalled
by the endless perjuries committed in
cases before him, determined to s,top
them, and did. He, 'of course, said
nothing of his method, but an English
friend seated beside him on the bench
noticed that whenever a witness told a
palpable lie he jumped.
lie asked the reason, and the magis-
11 .ill;, uuci a lilUUUU, IVlUilieil 1113
"My orderly stands behind the
and whenever I put my left
my ear that indicates that the
hand to
evidence is false, and he runs a pin into
him." It is a well-known fact to ;he
luany who will recognize this story that
the "sting of conscience" in this ma
terial form proved 'effectual, anil that
the magistiate, who died iouored
throughout Denmark, in tliree years
turned an Alsatia into one of the. most
orderly and law-abiding of communi
ties. He could always get the truth.
London Speclutor.
The New York Independent gives
figures showing that private individuals
have jriven $70,000,000 to the cause of
education in this country in the last 13
A Chinese Learn Affeaey.
WhenaChThaman rinds himself finan;
jiallv etnbarrased and needs money, he
does not do as other people do, borrow
it aud either give a promissory note or
chattel mortgage as security for the
iame, but he forms what 'in Chinese is
called au "owey;" This is something
which is peculiarly Chinese and requires
K minute explanation in order that it
may be understood. The lowest
"owey" is fixed at Si for each person
forming it, -and the highest $200. For
instance. If a Chinaman needs -3100 he
will call on a number of his friends,
not to exceed ten, and tell them that he
wishes that amount of money, and
desires to form an 'owey." If it is de
cdedthatit shall be a $20 "owe-."
then five persons in addition to the
originator combine. For the purpose
Ceypiaataajaii.ffawea' iJasrfirWalor,
4 nenids as Yow,i en. Kow. .Chew and!
hte.-ct4rrst tteW$rF6f,rfS"9H
NWdrtetaaBir lwltotosBrdlhsj
-other live $20 making up -the .amonnt
he requires. This is a loan made to him
without intere-t, wh'chhe must repay at
the rato of $20 per month. At the time
this sum. is advanced the other tive
bid for the privilege of the "owey" for
the running month. Each oue writes
on a slip of paper the amount of the
premium ke will give. These slips am
rolled, separately and thrown into a
bowl and shaken up, after which each
slip is unrolled and the amount noted.
The owey" is then awarded to the
one having bid tneiiigneet premuuu.
iun iiiiviuii um o: uruiuiuiii, i uu.
si premium.
Kow. Chew and Hing each pay $11',
which is tfio amount less the premium.
and amounting in all to $70'; and-if he
adds the amount pf his own contribu
tion it will make a total jif $I6, or
e ual to the amount advahee'd Sam, less
$4 which is reckoned as interest allow
ing 1 for each of the four-who advance
the aioney.
At the close of the first" month Sam,
the originator, is; by the" rules-which
govern this byatem. of money-lending,
forced to notify all who belong to the
'owey" of the next meeting. At th s
'meeting Yen, Kow, Chew and "Hing are
the only ones who. are permitted to offer
a premium, Sam and Yow having no
voice in the matter. tAt this meeting
the premium of $1 is aga'n offered, and
it having beed awarded to Yen, the
other three pay him $19 each, and Jrain
and Yen rej.ay their first monthly in
stallment of i?20 each. At the "next
meeting only three, Kow, Chew and
Hing, can bid. and if the same amount
of premium is bid. and it is awarded to
the first of the three named, the other
two pay him 319 each, while the other
three, Sam, Yow and Yea pay him SCO
each. At the next meeting only two.
Chew and Hiug. are permitted to o.I'er
a premium. The one to 'whom the
"owey" is awarded receives fioin the
other the amount, less the premium,
and from the other four $20 each. At
the next and last meeting, only one re
maining, he receives from the otherfive
$-20 each, making tho full sum of $100.
By this method the originator of the
"owey" who obtains the money without
interest has the use of $100" for one
month, $80 for four months, $60 for
thiee iiionths, $10 for two mouths and
$20 for one month In return
for the use of the money he
is forced to act as collector
from th. other member.- of the "owey,"
who are required to pay the monthly in
stallments of $20. He" aKo as-um'es a
riik. and that is. if any member of the
"owey" does not pay at the appointed
time, ho has to be responsible for the
amount due. The other members of
the "owey," who, by installments ad
vance money to one another, receive in
terest for the amount of their advances,
and each in turn has the u?e of the total
amount of the "owey" in the same pro
portion as the originator. This method
of money-lending is in vogue among all
classes, and women olten form "oweys".
among themselves. When the slips of
.paper, before alluded to, are drawn
from the bowl, it often happens that two
or more contain the same amount of
premium. In sttehau event the "otvey"
is given to th one whose -slip is first
drawn. The "owey" mav be com
posed of any number not exceed'ng ten
besides the originator, "and the ureatest
amount that may be raise'd by suoh
means is $2,000. "Whenever an owey"
is formed and the amount to be award
ed to the originator is $300, or in e,.cess
thereof, he is lequired to treat those
who loan him-ihe money, to a dinner
not to cast le than $2 a head. Often
times u high premium is bid for the
privilege of the "owey" fof each suc
ceeding month, and this gives the lend
ers considerable interest for the use of
their money. San Francum Call.
How Windoyr. Glass-is .Made.
To tire uninitiated, sitting by the win
dow, tapping the pane idly as yolt look
through it. it would seem aim st an im
p -s-ibility to say that the window glass
was blown, and yet it is all -.imple
enough when we havesetm the process.
Having seen bottles, etc., blown, my
steps naturally took the direction.of the
largest of the window-gla s factories,
and having obtained permission from
the Superintendent, we were soon in
what is known as the "furnai-e room."
where the main work of glass-making,
including the blow injr process, is done.
It is a novel sight, and one I shall not
forget soon. The lurid 'light of the
many globing furnace., the quietly but
(,uickly moving f rms of the workmen
gliding around in and amonir the shad
ows, made a sight that would require
only a weak imagination to sem all buf
demoiiiac.'vl I am hardly well enough
acquainte I with the art to describe the
process minutely, and should anv bos.
blower" happen to see this article he
will t criticise me lightly.
To continue First, I e it knpjvu tjiat
the glass of commerce is composed prin
e pally of white sand, thongh arsenic,
lime, a soda a-h of some kind and some
minor chemicals in smalLquantities are
essential. The first step is to free the
land from all impurities. This is done
by washing it in huge vats. After be
ing washed and the comppunds com
pleted, consisting of the various articles
already mentioned, the mivture is put
into a huge crucible called "the pot."
You have all seen those little burned
clay crucibles iewelers use. Well, this
is quite similar, only it is as large 'as a
nojfsncau. aius uujnj pot is inieu oy a
" niacin? the not-'.'
tinder the intense heat of the furnace,
so many decrees that I am afraid tn'teU
.you, the fires never go out from Septem-1
oer isi to uuiy msw tne, mixture grad
ually melts, looking 'like molten iron,
only of a more whitish color. The men
called gatherers, as their name implies,
fiher a ball of this liguid -stand by
ipping the pipe into the crucible and,
withdrawing It, allowing what clings to
device quite similar to a hook and lad-,! posted my path, the bragging 'calen
der truck, except that it Jias long iron tor' .impertinently interrogating tha
arms. "The wliolo device being on -stranger. never came in myway. I
wheels, 'tis rolled into the fu:nace room, legated him, therefore, to the region
and the pot placed :n 'one of the ten -t fit"on J found, in his stead, a,staid
Inure furnaces. This operation is called i iiml usually reticent man, or a bright,
the end to parilallyi cool bj slight coa-
tonf with warm viiAttr.
This process is continued until a b'alT
is gathered as large as. a irater-paU.
This is then rolled around and. around?
in an 'iron bowl until it assumes a pear
shape. Then tno "'blower" takes it.
and now comes the hardest task- in
glass-blowing. . lu starting this . solid,
red-hot. half-molten mass to expand
an I assume a Shape something like our
common'glass. so great are his efforts
that his cheeks expand to an enormous
size and the swQat starts out in huge
drops. But closely watching the half-
transparent, glowing mass, you see aj
little blubber start in .the center, ana
thus it rapidly assumes a regular demi
john shape, say, two feet long by one
in diameter. All this time it has been
rapidly revolted by the operator, par
taking shape from, this iron bowl, and
at vinu-.feeome sufficiently cool and hard
saarf.t?6biHt!fiftfnt' fs bya nice
T- J W t " - - si
o uaoBM r raafr.ajr la1
JWWJsP Pa.iiWarej:Jby thA.
JfJV--OfJbwiC,eMenence-it & I
Kept in me intense neat unui nau raeu-
E- -. n ? -. ; ' -v- .." ! , -f . LLJZTV IT It is then withdrawn and sw ng
by the operator from an elevated plat-
form, round and round his head, much"
as'a professional swings an Indian -eltib',
meanwhile forcing.' air into tand sub
jecting it to the heat when mvessary,
until he has a red-hot cylinder of a per
fect glass, exact in proportions and of
uni.orm thickness five feet ia length
an I a out fifteen inchesin diameter.
These are then allowed to cool, and
are cut to one exact length, by stretch
Ling a small cord of molten glass around
the cylinder, allowing it to harden, and
then touching it with a cold iron, which
atises the warm crystals to contract so"
quit k that it cracks right off as smooth
and even as a carpenter could saw a,
board. . These. cvlinde?s are "then cut"
flenirthwis'e hrn:he same manner, and
tire then subjected to a hented: furnace,
intense enough to cause them to wilt
down perfectly flat This is colled the
"lattehinr process." The sheets are
thdn revolved around on an endless
moving platform, something like a
straw-carrier.of a threshing machine,
until cooled and tempered. They are
carried to the butting and packing room
where they are made into various sized
.sheets, or more properly panes, to suit
the demand, aud packed in the manner
familiar to all and sent to all parts of
the world. To conclude, it might not
be out of the, way to add that the fac
tor', I visited 'had twelve blowers.
They all belong to "The Glass Blowers
"Union," and are permittel to blow only
so many cylinders a daV ninety being
the number. I believe. They earn lrom
$125 to $250" a month, according to the
number of days they work. But it is a
fatal trade. '1'he polsonou gases, etc..
that they inhale, more or less, renders
long life in the glass-blowing business
an impossibility. It is a rarity to meet
a glass-blower'over thirty -five years old.
Cor. Rochester Democrat.
A Long-Fclt Want.
I have had occasion to travel consid
erably during the past year, and at half
the houses 1 stopped the b'scttits were
raw at the bottom, and either as heavy
as lead or yellow as a puinpk.n with
soda, while the meat was swimming in
grease. Why, it is enough to give a
razor-back hog. a sheep-killing dog, or
a Bengal tiger dyspepsia. And then the
coffee how detestable! What it is
made of I have not the slightest idea; but
whatcerit is, it has not the remotest
kinship to genuine Rio or the delicious-ly-tlavored
Java. Horace Greeley vis
ited the South soon after the-war," and
the only criticism his kind heart made
was in "these memorab'e words: "The
South needs twenty thousand cooks!"
It would not have been prudent for Mr.
Greeley to. have made a visit to the
South before the war. but if he had.
and been eutertaineTd by 20,000 farmers
and planters, he would have said: "The
South has 20.000 of the best cooks in the
world!" Southerners always educated
their daughters, "and when thee daugh
ters married they made the'r home at
tractive in various ways, and especially
in the cooking department. They edu
cated negro women m the art of cook
ing, and allowed them to do nothing
else, consequently the cooking-was ex
cellent. But the abolition of slavery
also abolished good cooking, except as
to the negro women who were educated
by their mistresses In the culinary art.
and the themselves. I heard
a gentleman make a very sensible re
mark recently. "Vanderbilt, Peabody
and ..Sinter have given millions of
dollars to the cause of educa
tion in the South, and I honor Ihem
as great benefactors of our section; but
if I had several millions to give Away
1 wouldj-establish all over the South
schools m which the art of cooking
would be taught. In doing this I subserving the cause of mor
ality and religion, as-well as of civiliza
tion and humanity." Properly-cooked
f food causes health, and perfect health
is condueive to good temper, eheUrful
nes.. kind feeling, efficient and capa-
, ble work, mental and physical, while
uauiy-cooKCu food produces indigestion-
indigestion causes bad health in
every part of the human system, fret
fulness, hatefulness. discontent, poor
mental and physical labor, and renders
life a curse to himself and -all those
around him. A man cannot be a true
Christian, in all that it means, if he is
fed upon badly cooked food all his days.
The great need of the country is good
cooks and plenty of them. Young
ladies should be instructed in the art,
both at school and at home. It is time
the country was awakening- to this
great need. A well-to-do parent spends
$500 tojjive his daughter a musical ed
ucation, and another $500 to ouv her a
piano, and nine-chances to onesno nev
er plays on it a year after her mar
riage. If the $!,0P2 were spent in giv
ing her a practical and theoretical
knowleMgc of cook'ing, it wo4ld"be far
better fbr her and infinitely better for
her future husband and children."
The man who made these remarks is
married, and has three beautiful daugh
ters. "hence these tears." Cor. Nash'
vile (2'enn.) American.
I nevejrjnet. our ideal Yankee.
with the tall, gaunt body and lank
hair." writes Rev. Edwin Paxton
Hood, an English clercrvman who has
recently returned home from a visit to
this country; -the tobacco-chewing,
expectoratinsr stick-whittler never
juieiugeui, cuuurea woman, doiu Know
ing how td respect themselves and usu
ally commanding my respect, and.'how
ofteniny affection,
The largest fruit seller in New Or
leanson being asked what became of all
the cocoanut shells, replied that he seat
aunually 1,500,000, to New York to be.
ground up with black pepper. N. O.
Taeco"ors4 Bsptlats Aavetwealffta . -jc:
ive churches in New OrlejKia JZ - , 3i
""At the close of 1877 .there was ,ia
South Dakota 'only one 'Preibyteriaa
churchTat-the-cIoaeof 1861 therewetrt
twenty-five churcheo . c
T?The. Nebraska. State Superintendent ,
of Public Instruction reports that there
are 7.000 more boys than rirls of schoal-
' going ago in that State. .- "w.
The, Episcopalians are energetically u
(-working to raise a round million for
their Church Extension Fund before the "
next General -CoBTeBtfOB. -v N
A Church of England Salvation. ,
Army has-been formed among"theun-
dergraduates at Oxford; the members" '
pf which wear as a badge-a sBaaltsUver
Pupils of the public schools inNaw; f
ark N. J., were requested lo bring ono '
ptaW)'eacMethen6me'etAeFUad-i oJ
? ftto-.Waa:! tiMltda m thi-eoalriilMI-f.niiot
ftio-n of a small wagon-Toad. - ,-, -, .
1 --Spain. Portugal and Mexico, have
between 15.000 and 20,000 Spanish and' A
.PortuWese Protestant 'Christians .ao-f-i
'cording jto the,cAng4ics;u. jBishop piqo .
Aleatli. That represents the changes
ef less than a quarter of a conturyl
- It lspropo$ed to have the Catlen'
Church of Wittenaurg, upon, the rder
of which tha famous1" ninety-five, theses
of Luther wore nailed, in thoro'ugh re
pair on the 400th anniversary oc the
great "reformer's birth, Novesabec.10,
1883- " w - -u .
The ladies, have distinguished them-, k
selves 'once mbre in Uie Tlo'ndon Un!-" '
versity class lists. The scholarship aabT
gold medal for obstetrjes are, taken,- by
a lady: two ladies are placed'la the 'first
class, one a student rrom'Girtbn'CoI- "
lege; five sabre- have giliai seeoad
classes, and several others .are hv the
Ihlrd class.
There are now in tho UnihVd 'Skates'
110 theolegicarseminaries. representing
fifteen Protestant denominations. Of
these, fifty-two are connected' with the
American Inter-Seminary Missionary
Alliance. Thirteea per cent, of the
young men now studying for the min
istry 7iao resolved to be foreign mis
sionaries. A. Y. Examiner.
The pastor of a Baptist "cHrirch in
Camden. N. J,, is reported to have
come to the conclusion that " Sunday
evening baptisms" are things to be
avoided. He has tried It, and deter
mined hereafter to administer tho ordi
nance without previous announcement.
His experience is that too many irrever
ent people come as to a show. A'. Y.
The movement for the highor edu
cation of women in England, which led
to the establishment of various excel
lent colleges for them, seems to be jus
tifying itself by practical results MkM
Betham EdwurdVis an acknowledged
authority on Egyptology; and Miss Mar
garet Harknes is now delivering a
course of lectures on the Ancient As
syrians at the British Museum.
A sensation of a very unusual kind
occurred at St. George's Methbdist Epis
copal Church in Smyrna. Del., a Sun
day or two ago. In the middle of the
sermon the preacher said "Le't us praise .
Him," and a few, understanding him to
say 'Let its pray." proceeded to kneel.
The movement was contagious, and the
whole audience was going to prayers
when the preacher exclaimed: "I did
iot say 4 Let us pray;' I am uot through
et:vewill pra direct". So they
re-iiuued their seats with" very broad
faces and with emotions very foreign to
pnre worship- Chuago Tunr.
Fashion in Do?.
Of late years the King Charles and
Blenheim spaniels in spite of' their
teanul and beseeching eyes, their trail
ing ears, their blunt, black nose, the r
silky coats, and the glor es of their
b shy tails and feathered legs, have un
dergone unmerited neglect. Nor has
the ltal'un grey-hound, for all the grace
and beauty of its slender form, its
taper, almost transparent limbs, and
the elastic ugilit of its movements,
been pnze 1 as once it was Fashion
has tinned its upproved eyes rather
upon the i uffy-white Pomeranian, with
i s fo-like pricked ems. and pointed
black no-e the Daml u Dinmont.
bro k!. Into vogue by Sir Walter
Scott's "Guy Manneruvr:' the Sfco
terrier, save the 4urn.sp t the longest of
all do s in proportion to its height,
with its i'occulent door mat coat, its
i rasked eyes and obscured uos'e; the
Maltese terrier, a, quodecimo ed tiou-of
the Sieve, shm'et- or bacc, however,
aud with a whiter and silki r jacket.
The pug. too, has recovered the favor
it had lost so " completely that be- .
tween 1M3" and 18lt the' bt eel was
alino-t extinct in England it has
returned to society in the retinue of
ueen Anne, as it were, one of the em
blems and -cenic proprieties of her
reign, it" tate, mode., anjl foibles.
Happily the cruel in itilation of the oars
of t lie animal which once prevailed as a
Mneiui-ot urnikiinir ami pui-kennsr its
forehead ami uni'..Ie ha- Leen ubau-
Ldoued. The noodle has never been -o
esteemed in hngianu as it is in the laud
of it nativity. Oi the Dalmatian.
8Htteu or carriage dog popularly
known as Ihe "plum pudding then
has been .omc vanishing of late. The
creatine perhaps. w:u always regarded
as mre ornamental than useful, and
then ith the circus horse hw becamo v ect.of suspicion. Could he not,
unlike the leopard, change his spots
upon o 'jision? Were they not some
times due rathe to art than to nature?
Stories were told of .carriage dogs that
had gone out spotted and had returned
home pure white. Heavy rain had fal
len,and the footman had neglected to
hold the carriage umbrella over the car
riage dog.
The great popularity enjoyed -just at
present by the Scotch collie or High
land sheep-dog has to be reckoned
among the striking events of, "land
marks" ot canine history. To the collie
ha e boen sacrified almo.sU the entlro
spaniel fainih. and eveu that former
favorite of aquatic "romance, the New
foundland dog so long famous as a
sa lor of children from watery graves,
and in such a wjse as a member of the
Royal Humane Society, Collie worship
is iude'edoue of the popular delusions
of the times. There are symptom,
however, of the coming close of this
re"gn. He has been rather too absolute
a-nioaarch. And. after all. h is-origin"
is humble enough, a mere sheep-dog.
Should he have lcen raised from the
rank, promoted to be exclusively a do
mestic pet? The stately St Bernard is
securing more and more admirers and
upholders. The British bull-dog finds
interest in him reawakening. The
slim, alert "spry" for terrier has ob
tained many friends -of late. There js
even talk of another restoration of King
Charles. And other span:e?s are lifting
up their heads, fe'minding the world
that in addition to their other ssseinf
they own certain snorting gifts and .
qualities fo which no oollie dog can pretend-
London Graphic
v 5