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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (April 11, 1883)
WEDNESDAY, 'APRIL 11, 1883.
IsUril t til ratcflJirCtliatu.
ibM satin. - " :
!., ai itws.1
'.TTUJXSTOJtT. . "
'atttii!MBeeUw tsu-nlexs rails-'
".ffomnbrt&Vid sbutHfZkarpianny sao-fsr
Lit'j t i ' - rtr -
.. "i . T-ir.r tr Mr' 1 .
, sail nearer,, ruquuuiva,
win couia sse aor who -wouiagiww
Ana "voIcsl8a$m rMdiff weed?
Across the track--aijd then unU4 ,
"-uHerllttloproftfrotn her Bide:",
S Aa4ftTedtttwllUrrsbeeouM, J"
tl2 Jtf OBirftks irUat bef lll .
Of tkat buffe monster, nearing fart,
Tlie engineer bis eyjairhi cast
On toer. tfeere oa the curving track.
And heed her slg-aat" ere he passed l
v ssUnds'wiUisnout radVai-nimfbeck;
-Oaoomw the train with thunderior roar:
.-.The fireman seea-r:be1oolcsooce more
' Me sees a little wavlu speck.
'- And slackening; slower moves ana Slows.
" "Hi, little girl, what's all tfcUrow2"
-Another train ! Mr ears it stuns 1
clt rounds the curvellkn rattlinjrcuMl
Back, back for t mbbI signal now
Thewrf 'tsdavajt skews, tj-
So by this little maiden's hand..
Were hsndred saved fiwm -fearful let;
- But when with awe they spoke of what
.-Theyhad escaped and made demand'
I . Abeat the child they found ker'not".
Tor she had vanished through the wood;
Mono ffueaaed her dwelling abuse or nai
Nor by what wondrous chauce she came
While borne she ran in blithesome mood;
Nor knew she had done a deed of lame.
But In the old times they would bar saM
It was an angel that stood there
The hood Above her golden hair,
A nimbus flowing round a head
With supernatural radiance fair.
. The small white apron that she waved
Across the dangerous iron track,
' To warn the rushliur engines back.
- ViKht have been wings, whose flashings
ive hundred souls from mortal wrack.
C. p. Crandi, in Youths' Companion.
It was my privilege, during the last
days of his strangely prosperous career,
' to see a good deal of the late Mr.
Thomas Carlyle "True Thomas," as
he was affectionately called by the gen
eration to whom he told so many grim
truths. I had gone to him as a literary
aspirant one of the many who, coming
up from Scotland to tight for fortune,
carried letters of introduction to the
great man. The nation delighted to
.honor him, and, despite his dislike of
-Che literary class generally, he never
failed to say a kind word to any young
brother Scot who sought his advice.
For some reason or other, he took to me,
and though so many years his junior I
become a frequent visitor at his house and
received a great deal of his confidence.
it was one winter evening, as we sat
aloae together in his study that study
. which was a very Mecca, to literary pil
grims of all nations that he made the
singular confession which 1 am about to
place on record.
' Let me ' explain the matter, as far as
- possible, in his own words. I despair
of reproducing the peculiar accent and
the deep pathetic "burr" of his voice
which he preserved to the last as well
certain eccentricities of pronunciation,
which I shall nol imitate.
"You think me a successful man, and
audi, 1 allow, is the popular opinion.
Well, may-bo I have been successful be-
yond my merits, which arc " small
enough. Lord knows; but lest I should
row daft with my own self-conceit, the
ord sent San die Macpherson to keep
"It is a humiliating confession to
make, but almost at any point of my
long career, from the very beginning,
the thought of having converted Sandie
'' would have been more precious to me
than the admiration of all the rest of
the world. Sandie, however, never be
lieved in me from the tint. When I
published my first book my chief
thought was, 'What will Sandie Mac-
E hereon think of this?1 and when I
eard the criticisms, which cut me np
like a haggis right and left. I could have
borne everything but the thought of how
he would gloat over them, down yonder
- ia Scotland. 1 was somewhat consoled
aud a wee bit hopeful when, some years
afterwards, I published my 'History;'
far the critics, knowing nothing of the'
subject, praised it to a man, and talked
havers nonsense about my industry.
any originality and my erudition. I
cared nothing for the critics, but I said to
myself .with a smile: -'That V?.oe for
Sandie Macpherson, at last!"
"Perhaps yon will be asking who
Sandie Macpherson is that I set-such
store by his good opinion? Well, dp till
a few months ago you might have seen
his name 'Alexander Macpherson,' &
it was given baptismally over the front
of a small grocer's shop in the Gallow-
"Sandie and I were schoolfellows.
"We first met in the Seminary aad
afterwards we attended the High School.
- A I mind Sandie now, he was a wee,
snug-mouthed, black-aveeied ' laddie,
with eyes like ahawlc and astoopia'the
shoulders. From first to last he was
ever at the top of the class. He carried
away all the prizes at the Seminary, and
when he came to the High School,
among lads twice his size, he-was 'dux1
of the class. Such a memory as he had!
It-was wonderful, wonderful! He could
repeat the whole Latin Delectus with
his eves shut, and he. knew;' the whole
of 'i-uclid, when we were" periling
breathing hard over the 'Pons Asino
rum.' The Doctor himself was afraid
of him. As for me, where -he was dux
1 was dunce. I had the taws an in
strument of torture, applied to the
. hands in Scotch schools nearly every
slay from the Doctor, and ever and aye,
while I writhed in my corner, I could
hear the ery: 'Alexander Macpherson,
teliTammas Carlyle how to construe1
this or tthat passage in .the 'Meta
morphoses.1 Sometimes, jrst to shame'
us. he was put at the, very bottom of the
class, and then Lord, to see him loup
ing from place to place, like one run
ning up a brae, and then, standing,
-lashed and. triumphant, in his old
jjlacc, at the very top! T
-"Sandie's "father was a' small trades-
-ami inlilacgow, aud jou may be ssrre
'he was proud enough "of "his "son.
'Sandie was ever: spick amLspan, had the
best of clothes, and a silver watch. and
chain given to him by his aunt on' his
clean, white and neat, with no thumB-
. jnarks'or dogVleaves to disfigure the
pnnceps. Hell might he look with
seorn on my slovenly dress, my books
sui uiumueu anu torn ana on my nana-
writing, wiucu was ill to, make out as
heathen Greek. Well might he be held
p to me, as he was, for a.shinlng light
"Sad pa example. 'Tammis Cajrlyle,,' gi .
,uuiMuwasu your xace; wnen will ye
learn to be tidy, like Alexander Mac-
phersoB? 'Tammas, your books are A
disgrace; do ye no1 think shame when
iyasee.the books of AlexanderllacpbeV-
aoa?' For shame, Tammas, for shame;
-4o yon ever sec Alexander Macpherson
sucking black man a species of Scotch
' sweetmeat in the midst ' school?1
"cTanima?, your handwritingis abomina-
"tibn'; Alexander, set him a copy Vour-
el1, to show him how a lad 'should,
write.' These nere the cries ringing-
j.toreyer in my ears.. What wondesriffl
i grow to look on Sandie 'as a superior be-
wg to be gazed at witb admiration)
ssi&envy, to be imitated with awe and
"It was iuat the sane story when we.
He wrote a beautiful hand, like
plate. 'and' nYTtiie writina class.
''as tlMTTfesthe was facile
that Is to say. he ds&ftfgffibe? haijself
as usual, while I watclled'nim" from a
respectful distance. Few words ever
passed, fcf$waeath?, 'or wedsirt; never
been on speaking terms-eiflier in Tri:
out of school. But the relationship be
tween lis. wasctoaxlyiundentfcdSomf1
times as he pitssed me in -the street, Scar
ing grandly his red ,college, gown and,
UUeOIWgS UMrWUiw ivicpuaiuu Trim
a patronizing nod, that was all. We be
. gsarTxrosstand mot at philosophy1 tinder
.tiur. ssuueprofessors. lit was the aid
story. .fle.rastiie .petipnpilGbrboUi.
He drank in' learning like his mother's
milk. 'TtFronT fthe? 'first.' Greek" Co? the
1 ibusly-aTra' 'clumsy -fledglincr -follows
the night of some spienata eagie, wnom
it seeks to;emuhU inyain. 71
I'j'MicT we left college Xlost sight, of
nim for some years. I believe he might
Kave received a -Bursarv i -and1 :gone
to Oxford, -bat 'hisC-fatherV'protid
as'he rWas of his attainments,'8 did
aJoi want to spoil-him 'for 'trade, and
.withdrew him.befprejie. had completed
its course. I myself, took, to pupd-
teaching, .having not yet decided to try
my'fortune in literature.
"But one day, fired by sudden en
thusiasm,rI wrote a long letter to the
GlasgoW'ZeraW on some question of the
day. It was printed next morning in,
all the glory of large type and signedj
Thomas Carlyle.' It was the proudest
day of my life, but, alas lit ,was destined
to be overclouded. 'owards'afternoon
I entered a coffee-shop and saw in the,
compartment nexttome, hishead buried'
in the paper, a- human figure. The
paper was the Herald, open at the page
containing my letter. I sat blusning
with all the pride of fresh-blown author
ship. Presently the face looked up, and
I saw to my surprise my old school
fellow, Sandie Macpherson. Our eyes
met but his stony orbs gave no sign of
recognition. Then he turned to the
paper again and smiled! Yes, he was
reading my letter. It might astonish
the public but it could not impose upon
him. There were Latin and Greek
quotations in it and fragments of moral
philosophy; how ashamed I felt of them
as I saw them come under his baleful
eye! He smiled again, placed down the
paper, paid his reckoning and walked
out of the shop without a word. 1 went
home a miserable -man. I might put on
grand airs before the public, but one
man Knew my measure, ana tnat man
was Sandie Macpherson.
"It was no use arguing with myself
that the man was an idiot; that although
he was glib at uptaking what was taught
him, he had neither talent nor originality.
The memory of those early days nanntcd
me like a shadow.
"I am not going to weary you and
myself with a history of my literary
struggles till I conquered the book-
taster, the magazine editor and the pub
lisher, and became a
ducer of the popular literary
Years passed away. In the course of
years I emigrated to London on the
invitation of John Mill, the philosopher.
Then I published my first book, and, as
1 have told you, it was a failure. 1 re
trieved mvself by my second, which was
about half as good and not near so
earnest as the first. I still had Glasgow
and Sandie Macpherson in my mind
when I failed or succeeded, but in course
of , time the impression grew dimmer and
dimmer. It was one line day that
John Mill returning from the 'North,
where he had been lecturing on some
political subject, spoke to me as follows:
" 'By the way, Carlyle, I met an old
schoolfellow of yours in Glasgow.1
"'Ay, indeed?' I said, teeling the
blood mount to my face ia a moment.
" 'A man named Macpherson, a small
tradesman, and a member of the local
club which took me down. A prosy
fellow, and very sarcastic. He amused
me very much with his dry reminiscences
of your school-days and seemed greatly
astonished that you had made any mark
in the world.1
"I forced a laugh, but I felt hot and
cold all over.
" 'Do vou remember him?' proceeded
Mill. 'He remembers you wonderfully.1
'"I am not sure,' I returned with
carelessness. 'I believe there was a lad
of that name in the class with me, but
I've almost forgotten him. It's it's a
long time ago.
"nypocnie mat l was: isiaJonn.oiiu
know that I was lying? He looked at
me for some moments with an amused
smile, as if he were calling up some queer
reminiscence; aud I I could have brained
him. Some little time after that Johar
Mill and I fell out He wrote a criticism
of Buckle's 'History of Civilization.' I
handled the same book next quarter and
turned Mill's arguments inside out in no
very complimentary lasnion. Jttill was
a sensitive man, and a while after that
he cut me dead in the street. We made
it up afterwards, but were never the
same as before. Till the day of his death
L never gave him any explanation. I
cared no more for Buckle or his argu
ments thaa for that fly on the wall!
Buckle, indeed the poor, silly, over-
crammed Cockney gowk! The real
cause of my attack on John Mill was
anger and irritation. Sandie Macpher
son, again, was at the bottom of it all!
"A year or so after this I went down
to Glasgow on business. By that time
I had made a name for myself and my
visit caused a stir in the city. I stayed
with the Lord Provost a silly man, with
a sniggering taste for philosophy. After
a few days I grew very weary of being
lionized; for nearly every day there was
a grand dinner, and I was bored to death
with the.admiration of daft folk of both
sexes. One forenoon as I was wander
ing about the streets looking.at the old
houses and calling to mind the places I
had known when a- lad, I passed down
the Gallowgate and saw the name of
'Alexander Macpherson' over a small
grocer's shop. Now, I was in a sympa
thetic mood that day; the contemplation
of old scenes and the thought of the
kindness of my countrymen had touched
my heart, and it melted snddenly at the
name of my old schoolfellow. Could it
possibly be the same? Before I .knew
what I was doing I had entered the shop.
"Yea, I was right. There, standing
behind the counter, was Sandie, himself,
older, grimmer, but neat and clean as
usual. As I entered he was measuring
out a pound of moist-sugar for a bare
footed servant lassie in -petticoat and
'Mr. Macpherson?1 I said, when he
He looked up and our eyes met, I
saw in a moment that he recognized me.
but his face remained grim and granite
and. his eye was cold as ice.
'Thas my naute,J- he replied.
'I smiled, and prepared to hold out
? ,'I think we were schoolmates together.
My name is Carlyle, Thomas Carlyle.
Do you mind remember me?1
- He looked at me from head to foot
lis eye rested on my old cloak, my
Droadibrimmed hat. and hn nrvMiul
darkly, as he replied
I mind ye well enoucrh
Can I serve
ye wua anyuimg?
Nothing, thanks; only I was passing
d'l thought I should like to remin
you or our old acquaintanceship,'
-"As I spoke, Sandie proceeded leisure
ly with his business behind the counter
opened his till and looked into it; took
down a piece of loaf sugar and began
breaking it into small portions. He
gavt a sort of grunt as I finished mv ad
dress to him and nodded' again;. then,
after a pause, whihrl-stood liesitatinr,
he observedqreUy,snYveyb?g me criti
cally from head to foot: - "" ' - '
tYou're staying up- in London. I
Yes. - . I
You're what they call
T vo.tltA.1 :i! j
Msjtfedlj; jmUeeliBg rather askanto.
a .euuvu. fjsuuumiru injuu
fMjQtwAVfaid Sandie, reflectively.)
lu'he swept'up'his pieces of sugar ana
put them intova Isxge jar,,'atweel, Lon
don'sv .. bigace-and they calMtthe
centrevof ceeviliztrtion; 'but' here he
shut the lid of the jar sharply 'Mony'
things please the folk in London that
wouldna gang doon in Glasgow!1
' 'What he meant I could hardly gather;
it was a mere general reflection, but I
I feltHWBehow4hat-it had-a-persoasl ap
plication. A long pause ensued. 1 stood
awkwardly waJtuig-Jiafront of the
counter, but Samdie. did notjseeiurin
cUnedior farther conversation. At last,
feeling .ratherhrtconifortable,I "deter
mined to.put an end to theiaterrieri-f
'r,Well, PIT wteaogx$bdiorijIng,,
J said, moving to he ahopjloor. f,
""Good "morning,1 grunted Sandie,
not raising his eyes-from his desk.and
ledger, to which he had -just gdme.--
'! walked out.of the shopmdignant
at the man's, imrturhabnw nGlano
ipg back"f rom.the'plivemehtT saw Sanr
die's face quietly (regarding me over his
ledger and' .mitfno'--just-as it -had
smiled when I saw him reading my first
effort in literature. He was certainly
Quito irceconcilabTeT "
"About this :peTiod of my career, as
you 'mayjremember. I was particularly
severe in any writings anthe British
Philistine and on the sordid,self-cdn-'
ceite'dmohey-grabbingseciilarTty of the
trading classes in this country. I de
nounced the hypocrisies of Sodom and
the "flesh-pots ;" of Gomorrah.t.The press
took ud my cry. and Philistinism had a
bad time of it. Poor idiots, they thought
that L lad a grievance against society.
Nothing of the-kiad. -I was only trying
to have my revenge on Sandie Macpher
son! " For, wrestle as I might against him
the man had mastered me. Folk might
compare me to John the Baptist preach
ing in the wilderness, -they might, say
that I had come to preach honesty ana
independence,, purs living and high,
thinking, to a rotten generation, but
Sandie Macpherson knew better. Sandie
saw through me. It was no use posing as
a great thinker "and teacher before him.
I minded his words: 'Mony things
please the folk in London that wouldna
gang doon in Glasgow.' It was humil
iating, to say the least of it. Much as I
despised the fellow, his attitude of in
vincible stupidity was something Titanic.
To the bedside of the heathen Emperor a
slave used to come each morning, saying.
Philip, remember you must die! To
my bedside, for many a day came the
spirit of Sandie, saying: 'Thomas Car
lyle, remember you're a poor creature,
and I know it!
" I thought to have my revenge on
Sandie; at last, they made me Lord Rec
tor of the University of Glasgow.
"More proud and exultant than yoa can
think, I went down to my natal city to
deliver the rectorial address. I was an
old man by this time, and had a great
name all over the world. Such a recep
tion as they gave me! As I stood in the
large hall, with the professors and citi
zens arouna me, ine siuuenu ia ineir
thousands, cheering me, fine ladies
in the galleries smiling down upon
me,. I felt that I had reached the
height of my ambition. I addressed
them like a man -inspired, I spoke
of my early days, my struggles,
my fondness for the eountry of my
birth, and I was in the middle of a
splendid peroration, when all of a sud
den I became conscious of a man's face
looking quietly up at me. One man's
face, in all that seaof faces! Butlknew
it only too well grim, cold, hard as
granite, yet with a kind of pitying smile
upon it whose face could it be but the
one I had dreaded all my life? The
words went out. of my head, aud I
ended feebly, sitting down into my
chair with a sigh of relief when I had
finished. The next day there
were columns in the papers, and in the
course of .the long report something to
this effect: 'At this point of discourse,
alluding to his early days in this city,
Mr. Carlyle was visibly affected. His
emotion was touching to witness; and
he almost broke down; but amid the loud
cheering of his enormous audience he
at last concluded his magnificant ad
dress.' 'Visibly affected,' indeed! and
'touching emotion!' They little knew
that my speech was nearly ruined by the
sinister influence of Sandie Macpherson!'
The great man paused, half amused,
half angry at the remembrance of his
odd experience. Reaching out his hand,
he took down a pipe from the mantle
piece, filled and lit it, and smoked for
some minutes in silence, with his eyes
fixed upon the -fire. I sat watching him,
reverently and wonderingly. At las the
broke the silence.
"I never saw Sandie again after that
"About a year ago, however, an old
friend, a minister of the kirk, coming on
a visit from Glasgow, informed me tnat
my former school-fellow, who was one
of his congregation, had recently died.
My friend had been with him frequently
during his last illness. I asked, not
without anxiety, if the poor fellow had
still remembered me.
"My friend smiled.
" 'O, yes, he remembered you well,'
he replied, 'and only a few days before
his death he spoke about you.'
"'Indeed! and what did he say,' I
"Shall I give you his very words?'
asked my friend, laughing merrily.
"They're telling me,' he said, 'that
Carlyle has just written another book."
Lord, minister, surely the world has gone
clean daft! What can folk see in such a
silly sumph fool as yonV
"So Sandie passed away," concluded
the old philosopher, and now, "whatever
happens to me, I know that my career
must be considered a failure, for the oi.e
dream of my existence to make an im-
Eression on Sandie Macpherson has
een rendered impossible for ever."
Robert Buchanan, in Belgravia.
Singular Recovery of a Lest Blag.
Several months ago a lady residing on
Beacon Street took off a number of rings
from her fingers and laid them upon the
dressing table. After washing her hands
she returned to the room to replace her
rings, when to her astonishment one of
them, a diamond ring, was missing.
She was certain that she took the ring
from her finger, and equally certain that
no one could have entered the room
without her knowledge during the five
minutes she had been in the Dathroom.
A most rigid search was instituted, bnt
the missing ring, valued at $200, was
not found. A few weeks since the lady
was much annoyed by mice. Almost
nightly they held their revels. They
not only destroyed her sleep, but choice
laces were mutilated. The lady procured
a trap, one of the old-fashioned kind,
and having baited it with a tempting bit
of cheese, placed it near the scene of
depredations. On the following morn
ing she had three fine silky mice of vari
ous sizes. One of them was so peculiar
ly constructed that it attracted her at-,
tention, as it appeared to have a string
tied around its body. The servant girl
was instructed to drown the captives and
reset the trap, and she was about throw
ing the dead mice into the dirt barrel
when her eye was attracted by a sparkle
from what proved to be the lost diamond
ring, which was notf perceptible when
the mouse was alive, but which came to
light after the severe soaking which, the
mouse received. It is. Supposed in his
haste to get away that he ran his head
through the ring, and subsequent strug
gles only forced it over his"1 forelegs,
where it remained. This is aL'tongh'
story, but we give it as it was told.
It was lately shown in a suit in Paxil
that a married man had paid over $20,
000 blackmail rather than have his wife
know that he had written an actress tws)
Lute and Heavy Supper.
The objections to late and Iic:r v mip-
'prs,' if wc care more for .ur hcaHii
"llian'f' r mere sensual iu!irp:uce. wll
bo apparent if wc consider a few facts.
As a funda-cn al principle, let it bo
rrcmumered ih.it the stomach labors as
much as any organ o' the body, and
that it suwr -rom 'aiigue, like Others.
If thft bod., a a whole, is m..re fa
tigued at night than in the d:i .less
able tiper.oriu I he harden: work, it is
' reasonable to urer that the stomach is
subject to the sa e depression in .con
sequen e of similar labors and smc.-ail
must agree that the hat do-1 work inav
.properly be done in the morniug. after
thereat and sleep of the n ght. and the
lightest when the body is a. igned by
the day's labors, it is reasonable to a-I-
f)ly the same principle to the stomavh
abdrs. If this rest is a necessary condi
tion to precede the labor of the da. it
is reasonable to infer that the heaviest
meals may be taken in the morning and
at noon, the lightest at niht, or not
more than oue-sixth of that for the
Wj ole day, instead of one-third If -he
more s .bstant'al and more nutritious
may then be taken as a means of car
rying the laboier through the day, it is
reasonable to take the less substantia!
at night, that one mav have good, re
freshing sleep and be in a proper ton
diti n lor labor, since it is a well estab
lished principle that, with ordinary hu
man beings, digo tion and sound sleep
do not proceed at the same time. If the
stomach is tilled with food, ami diges
tion is in full progress, the s!eep nust
be disturbed, droamy and unrcfresh-ng.
It 's also as true that if lood rather dif
ficult of digestion is taken in the first
part of the day, when the digestive
powers are active and vigorous; the
lightest meal the smallest in 'quantity
and the easiest of digestion should be
taken when the stomach is somewhat
debilitated, like the body.
While some of the more intelligent
and thoughtful suspend work at early
tea-t me. as they do at noon, others
continue about as long as they can see,
then stop and do the "chores." take a
heavy meal, and soon retire. After
such toils the powers of the body, the
digestive included, are much exhausted
and in an unlit cond'tion for their best
ellorts It w uld be no more cruel : nd
unreasonable to require the limbs to toil
for thre or four hours longer than to
compel, by a heavy supper, the stomach
to digest such a meal before any sound
and refreshing sleep can ordinarily be
obtained if a heavy meal is taken at
a late hour, and then one goes to a
place ot amusement, entertains com
pany, or is entertained till near mid
nighta ruinous custom there is ample
t'nie for digestion, but not so with the
farmer who has no time to waste in
mere amusements. He is asleep
soon after his labors are fin'shed. that
he may be leady for the coming day.
If such a heavy meal is taken as the
cold ham aud cabbage left at noon, p'e
and cake, ors'ill woise. if possible, ho't
and new bis uit, one ot two results or
dinarily .follow : Either sleep takes pas
session, suspending digestion, mainly
(this process to be re-con meuced with
a poor appetite in ihe morning), or the J
sleep must be disturbed by the diges
tion, of necessity uurefresh'ng and un
satisfactory. This no farmer can af
ford, since good sleep and rest must ac
company hard labor. '
It is during the hours of rest and re
pose that the blond made from the food
of the day is consolidated into muscles,
bones, etc. on which he must depend
for success in his business. Just to the
extent that this change of the blood is
impaired by wakefulness naturally
produced by" the digestive process the
constitution is undermined, and he
must suffer. It would be far better,
there ore. to take seven-eighths of the
food needed for the day at :he first and
second meals (no luncheons are really
of auy advantage, eventually), with a
very "light supper. Dr. Hall, well
known, but uow dead, advised a singlo
slice of bread, with a cup of weak tea.
But I am still mon; temperate in my
habits, taking less and simpler food,
omitting the tea. as that might disturb
sleep, which 1 cannot afford. As an ex
periment, and not from necessity, as I
am far from being a dyspeptic,! have
confined myself to a" single mug of
"breakfast cocoa, without milk, that no
digestive labor may be performed, or
the same of "cereal coffee," similar
to crust coffee, and have been perfectly
satistied, sleeping well and feellug re
freshed, with a line appetite in the
I know of no calamities, no degrada
tion, no 'ces, no evil tendencies and
abnormal desires and appetites, ami no
depravity which do not as naturally
flow from a career of drunkenness as
the streamlet Hows down the mountain
side. And while our poor, fallen,
human nature has constant tendencies
toward sensual gratifications and the
indulgence of vitiated appetites, 1
would not have any act of mine, in any
respect, encourage the use of ardent
spirits. I would not introduce into -the
human stomach that the tendency of
whii-h, with no exceptions, is to de
range every function, vitiate every di
gestive solvent, corrupt even fiber,
and unduiy ilrivc every organ, wasting
power and undermining the aggregate
vital power. I prefer to allow nature
to have a fair chance, introducing no
poisou, no malignant antagonist.-Zr.
Hannafonl, m Farm and Fireside.
Thorough horsemen, accustomed to
training horses for the purpose of iru
i roving the step, thus rendering an or
dinary moving Horse quite attractive,
after a few days drilling, full; under
stand the potent influence of practice,
and the extent to which the saying that
practice makes perfect, is true, it has
proved to be with the horse as with the
'oung man or women just in from the
country home. The walk, and every
motion is awkward and stiff. A few
months of city life makes a great
change, and the active, confident and
lithe step acquired leaves little trace of
the former awkwardness.
It is this that induces the experienced
dealer to buy plain, green horses, with
full confidence that twoor three weeks1,
or as many months good keep, and
thorough drilling, accord'ng to the
trauta ilitv And pliability of the animal,
will double the selling value. With tfie
English, a high-stepper is desired, and
in our principal markets the same qual
ity has its selling value. Horses under
the training process arc moved about
for. a considerable time each day, in a
vard where coarse straw has been light
ly strewn to a good depth. The horse,
in moving among this, is compelled to
Hit his feet very much higher than is
his custom. Daily practice of this kind
changes the action of ;ertain muscles
and ..oints. and in a longer or shorter
time, varvinfr crrcatlv with different
subjects, the horse goes on to the street
with his high step. If not made a per
manent "high;8tcpper." he at least
steps high until sold, and very likely
he will in a measure retain the habit
permanently. This is one of the many
plans adopted to change the natural
country gait of the horse, but is only
one of the many devices brought into
use by which education and drilling
may so transform the norse that his
former driver would .fail totally in an
ittempt to identify him. Live Stoel.
Old-fashioned Sponge-cake: Four
eggs, well beaten, two cups of granu
lated sugar, then one cup of sifted
llour. a little at a time, then another in
which two teaspooulnls of baking pow
der have been mixed, flavor, and pout
in oue-half cupof almost boiling water.
You will think it needs more flour, bit
do not add-jury, or 700 will spoil tj
ROME,-FARM AND GARDES.
Salt hay is perhaps the very best
substance to use as a mulch in tho gar-
don a out or over strawberries,
For tooth-ache put a piece of but
ter on sonic cotton and apply it. .This
suggestion from a correspondent of the
Rural New Yorker' is worth a trial at
To remoyc.stains from cups or other
articles of tableware or marbelizcd oil
cloths rub them with saleratus, either
with the finger or a piece of linen. Ex
change. Pinch'ng vines back simply in
creases their fruitfulness, since it cause.'
them to throw out many more side-Bhoots.-
With melons,' the yield may by
this means be increased to one hundred
barrels or more per acre. Chicago
If the bars of j'onr wire gridiron
are too far apart too hold oysters, you
can remedy the matter by gettiug two
pieces of the wire netting found at hard
ware stores or tin shops. Have them
cut the exact size of the gridiron. Lay
the oysters on one and cover them with
the othor, and place between thed.mble
Mr. O. S. Bliss te'ls the New York
World that he believes the use of air
slaked lime will check any teudency to
rot in potatoes. He has for several
years sprinkled a small quantity of such
lime upon his potatoes at time of storing
them iu bins. Though he ventures no
positive assertion, yet he believes such
treatment has resulted iu checking auy
tendencies to rot
A plain tapioca, suitable for deli ate
stomachs, is made by boiling half a tea
cupful of tapioca iu half a pint of water:
when the tapioca is entirely dissolved
or melted, add gradually a 'half a pint
of milk; just before taking from the fire
(and, by the wav, this 'should not be
done till the milk is thickened with the
tapioca) add a well-beaten egg. aud
sugar and flavoring to suit your taste.
This is nice, either-warm or cold. X.
y. tost. (J ?
A mixture of twenty parts of hard
soap, forty parts of kerosene, and one
part'of Hir balsam has -heeli found -very
effective in destroying the-insects which
damage the orange tree. j.rrof. JJ: V.
Riley is the authority. Other valuable
plants, notably the vine, might be sim
ilarly .protected by a spraytfroni an am
plication of the saimvrecipe. It can be
diluted at will with water so as not to
interfere with the constitution of the
Let us bear in mind that we do not
cover strawberries to prevent them or
the soil from freezing The covering is
intended merely to keep 'the ground
fro en or to prevent those violent alter
nations o' freezing and tliawing which
destroy the roots. If the soil freezes in
November and remains frozen until
February or March we should prefer
the mulch not until the latter month. A
very good plan is to spread the cover
ing, whatever, it may be, evenly upon
the snow. As the snow disappears the
mulch is let down and finally .rests
lightly and evenly upon the strawberry
plants. .V. Y. Examiner.
Birds on the Farm.
The utility of birds in agriculture,
particularly the utility of certain species
of birds, ha3 been the subject of much
discussion for many years. Audubon
and perhaps other of the earlier natural
ists did not alwaj's have the means with
which to publish the knowledge they
gainrd concerning the habits of the
birds and animals which they watched,
and some of the later ornithologists
have found the field of discovery so
large that they have had little time to
do more than describe the distinguishing
features of the numerous species. The
farmer ha formed opinions concerning
the good and evil done by the birds
which inhabit his fields and find protec
tion about his buildings, but often these
opinions have been formed without that
careful method of observation required
to determine a fact or settle a question
The variety of opinions held by differ
ent persons concerning the real value
of the English .sparrow brought to this
country some years ago, anil the crow
and robin, so common in our fields, is
an illustration of the difficulty ordinary
observers experience in corajnor to a
unanimous conclusion. Trof. W. A.
Stearns, of the Massachusetts Agricult
ural College, in hi s recent address be
fore the Connecticut State Board of
Agriculture, discussed the bird question
from the standpoint of an educated obser
ver.'who has given many years of study
to his subject, and .yet he was far from
claiming that he knew all that ought to
be known even about some of our com
monest species. -.
Hawks are strictly birds of prey and
they are injurious when they catch our
chickens and the young of our useful
small birds; beneficial when they de
stroy mice or other animals which are
our enemies. The crow is also a bird
that is both useful and injurious to the
farmer. He is a grain-eating bird,
though when driven to it he will, catch
chickens, eat ega and destroy young
birds iu their nests, and pick up insects.
When corn is within easy reach he will
take little else. Tne ueliel that crows
pull up the .feeble corn plants to get the
worm gnawing at the roots, is a fallacy.
Nor do they destroy the cut worm which
does so much .mischief in our corn fields,
for this worm works only Ly night and
the crow only by day after the cut
worm has buried himself out of sight in
The robin also accommodates itself
to a mixed diet, taking fruit in it; sea
son, but living almost wholly upon
worms iu the early and later portions
of the year, and feeding its young al
most exclusively upon insect food. If
the robin gets too mischievous he rec
ommends taking a number of him for a
pot-pie, as he is a very good game bird
when fat. It is probable, however, that
the fruit eaten by the robin is not in ex
cess of what would be destroyed by the
insects he eats early in the spring, if
they were left to do their work.
line swallow no pronounceu useiui as
it lives on minute winged insects
which in their larva state destroy our
grain. A single nest of swallows will
require about 500,000 insects during the
three weeks of their growth. The
blue bird clears our lawns, but some
times may drive away other birds that
might do still more good. The King
bird nesting near our dwellings will
sometimes protect the cherries from
being taken by robins, not on its
own account but because he will let no
other birds come near his domicile.
The blue jay does some mischief de
stroying eggs and young birds, but
helos us very much by planting forest
tree seeds everywhere. The pretty liltla
chickadee Is a fighter and destroyer of
birds' eggs, but does much good by eating-insects
and insects eggs, which he
hunts for most industriously.
Of the eighteen insect eating birds
thirteen stay with us all the year round,
while may of the migratory species
come and go as their food is plenty or
scarce. The migratory birds are always
hungry in spring, busy catching insects
for tneir young in summer and getting
thin in flesh while feeding their young;
they are good feeders in the autumn.
The English sparrow he feared would
vet prove a great pest when it becomes
more abundant. In Australia) where it
was introduced a few years ago there ia
now a bounty of twelve-cents per head
paid by the Government. Dr. Sturtevant
Aad found it destroying pear bade, an4
etherscharged it with-disbedding the
Ihe elms in the cities. The balance of
testimony seems much against this bird:
-ikw Enqland Fanner.
potato.capjOf Switzerland is
a ffaNXKi lJ3UaJF0 iXU
Proprietor and Surgeon, in Chief
OMAHA MEDICAL DISPEMATi
Makes His Visit to
Columbus, Saturday, Aril 14tlu
And Can be Consulted One Day Only
AT THE CLOTHTCR HOTTSC,
HIS IMMENSE PRACTICE AT 0MAH PREVENT3 HIS
REMAINING L0H GEE THIS TIME.
Dr. r'i-blilHtt i already too well known throughout thf e.itiiv nortljwc.it to
IK id an I'Xteudi-il iiitioiluction. The lolluwlu teotuubiiiuN from proininiTit aud
ut I -known oitien- t -II for thetunelvc. Tlr ntHit-trd nhoiiM ttkf ttii oppor
tunity of con?iillin out of tlie moot eminent Surgeons in the Xorthwt!.
ALMOST A MIRACLE.
From Mi. J. A. Carter. Section Foro
mam U. P. Railroad.
.Timiikuvillk, Xeli., Sept. 27. 12.
Dr. FishMiitt Drar Sir: I hiii still t-ilc-iit-r
your meilirini nnd can say tliut I stn
ift'ttlii'T aloiiu better thun ( tvertTfCteil.
Vli-u I tirt I'.omuieiirrri Ujin; Vutir mi il
ii'iur 1 hud il'izzy pells. uml oiiittitnr
would nearly t.ill over. H.id aloiit iven
up all hope, and made up my mi ud tint
nothing would cure me. when I haw your
advertisement in the Onia'ia piper-,," and
nudu up my in uid thai I Would write to
you as a I:.t recort. and f.re if I enuld
fzt-l help. 1 can trulv ay that 1 atu.glad,
lor 1 am m miieli Wetter;" have a otiil ap
petite, and am .'ainin very fast. Wt'iiid
vih tin other donor !tit ynu in severe
and oompIie.it --d oie. I had p.iins all
oxer me. My heart troubled in- vert
iinifli, but whrir I had taken a few dode
of our medicine the paint lett nn- at
once. Three months ao, when 1 lirt
placed myelf under your treatment. I
was hardly able' to be out. but now I a in
neai ly well. Your truly.
J. A. CAKTKK.
Foreman of lection. Ames Station.
From Soribner, Nebraska.
This irontlt'tirui h.i- been troubled with
a iiinj: di.ea-c for Mime time, and was
tieatcil by many physician: without suc
cess. Kea.il what he now' write-:
SCKtUNKK, Xeb.. Sept. SW, 1V:I
Dr. Lbbl.itt: Pleae send me another
supply of ii-diciii at your euriiutt con
iuiciicc. 1 am leeliii lirtt-rate. and am
imp oviiisr a- rapidly a could pos-ibly bt
e.vpeetfdr Am trjnsi and heaity, and
can work rilit aloinr without latiue.
Your. wit ii retpect, Gkorok liKXrox.
Tuk Omaha .Medical Dispensary i now
too well known throughout the Went to
reniiire an extended introduction.
' The atonihiii-r cures wn.uirht by lr.
I Ki-liMttt, of di.eae formerly though!
to !e incurable, have iven htm .1 hii;h
rank in the medical profession of ttii
country. He has won uch decred
celebrity thai the peopTeof Nebraska and
the state. of the fjr Veot nolotmer deeui
it nece-ary to j:o to the ;reat Eastern
cities 'to lind puyiei.tns competent to
treat complicated dfoensus.
It ill be observed by the eat e fill read
er that the follow in-.; tetiino,.iali are
not dated ten or twelve years ago, or in
some far-off Katern Mate, but are volun
tarily j;ieii by our citizen, and during
the present year. No one would dare
tortje tnem That they are genuine no
one etu doubt.
Pl.YMOCru, Neb., Jan.'JTi. I.!.
IV. A. i. Fihbl.ttt Hear Sir: -My gen
eral health ha been better thi winter
than for years, and I think it is entirely
due to your medicine and treatment.
Your respectfully, .J. K. KoK.
Case of Lun&
SCUUYLKR, Neb., r'eb. T, lSl.
My Pear Dr. Fihblatt : 1 owe you a
debt of gratitude hieh I will never be
nlili- to repay for Ihe scieutilic skill you
have displayed iu treating me. I have
for a long time been considered a hope,
le. consumptive and everybody, in
cluding myself, considered my day num
bered. My good fortune led me to apply
to vnii fortreatment last November, and
in "this incredibly short time you have
iitlected what numerous other doctors
have failed iu: a complete restoration. I
have since gained fifteen pound, and
consider inysell now thoroughly cured.
Vou are at "liberty to use thi as a refer
ence for others similarly atliictcd. Yours
gratefullv, A1.KX MclN'lOSH.
From F. A. Sidles, Esq., Benett, Nob.
HKNNKTT, Neb., March 2, ltV.l.
Dr. A. S. Fishblitt Dear Sir: Appre
ciating the value of the services yon have
rendered me, 1 deem it but an act of
simple justice to you to express the euse
of gratitude I feel toward you. After
such suffering a 1 have'had from catarrh
and throat trouble., from which all the
doctoring I had heretofore doae hail fail
ed to relieve nie, however marvelou it
mav appear, the disease has nearly disap
peared a'ter your treatment of scarcely
two month", "and in that time I have
gained eight pounds in weight. Consid
er me. dear doctor, under everlasting
obligations to you, and by referring any
one' to me. alliictcd as I was, I shall con
sider it an act of kindness to them to
advise them to submit to your treatment.
Ever your friend. F. A. Sidled.
Read What Hon. Addison Oliver, of
Onawa, Iowa, writes to if r.
Onawa, Iowa, Aug. 1!, 1SS2.
Dr. A. S. Fishblatt Dear Sir: I cheer
fully give you the following statements
in Mrs. Oliver's cao. AVhen she applied
to you for treatment in February last she
had for months been suffering so severely
from Asthma accompanied by severe fits
of coughing that she could seldom sleep
without sittiug uprfcrbt. Her appetite
Was very poor, and she was very much
reduced and very nervous; she was una
ble to raise from" her lungs or throat and
expectorate and she required continuous
watching night and day. Under your
treatment she gradually improved until
for several mouths past she has had little
or 110 Asthma or cough; her nervousness
has largely-disappeared. She sleeps well
at night; her appetite is generally jood;
she has largely recovered her spirits aud
is gradually" though slowly gaining
strength, and she says she is better than
she has been for live years. I have great
hopes that she will completely recover
her health. Yours respectfully,
BEAR IN MIND THE DATE
COLUMBUS, SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 83,
From tka PaBgwa to the Dosk As
The Rev. .!. L. coiiMilted lis by mail in
relatiou to hi son'c ailments. Hit phys
ical and mental condition will appear
lioiuthe foHuwiiiy extract trotn liis.tinjt
letter: ily son's age is iJ; of a ucrvotu
sanguine temperament. As a child a
precocious, both mentally and physically.
Wrom hi sixteenth year h ii manifested
siii or failing health, bin i-oiriniied his
-Indies and graduated with honor from
college at the aj;e of 21;. On !ii return
home he bec.uue iiiom-e and de-poii'deiit .
and tina'N Withdrew f om teietv and
trieiidi and remained day and 111 ."hi in
his r..oin. from which he !i c not returned
ill two yean. He required the window
darkened and the uoors cloned. This lie
is pr-ictieiilv in a dungeon, to whicli he
wil not admit I'uUx, . xii-rltt or div. A
friend of mir wn ii.l .you cmi-mI li's
wife t heart die.fe. l,i.t u a copy ot"
voiir Mc-1ic.1l Advance, and ,m ee rr.idiii.:
it I haVi tMiiit- to tiie cou.-l it-ton h.it my
o.i hrts fallen a vit;!ii to tin- tit l (iras--tice
of mdlt u-y ic-. -Mib-i-iiui-nt imc--tiiritiou
proved the currci-ltie-.- ol the
father' siirmi'cs, and alter about ofae
month.-- treaiiiieut his triciui had the
satisfaction of conjrnitdlatini: liiui on hi
perfect restoration to health.
A tew weeks ajjo we received a letter
from the- yoitn man (in anwer to o.ie
we had written to lin father about t e
cae) iuf.iriniu 11- of the de 1 li of hi
father. He .-.ays: "lam now iu the min
istry, trying to till mv fttliei pi ice"
Juditi;c from the ton.-" of hi- letter, we
should say he wa both eloquent aud
deeply earnest, lie .a: "I thank God
lor niakinir mv lamented fat er -uid your
self the mean of retoriie; me Iroina life
of gloomy darkness worse than ileal li.
No child or youth whom I can inllncm-i
shall ever ignorantly sillier iu the same
wuy or from the same cause that I did.
Herewith tintt UKi stamps, for which 1
desire you to semi me your Medical Ad
Vance to each of the 100 .er-on whose
names' and addresses are enclosed.
Saved fresa a Ceatmsaptive's Grave.
SiKAHX, Mill Co., Iowa.
Dr. A. S. Fishblatt Dear Sir: 1 was
nearly gone with consumption, and ev
erybody considered my case hopeless. I
began your treatment "on the "ifith of De
cember, aud io-day I consider myself
nearly cured, and I cheerfully tetiVy to
your "skill in the treatment of my e"ae.
Your truly, J. 31. S.lvki:.-.
Cured of Catarrh.
HooiKK,Neb., Feb. 19, L-S.:.
A. S. FishMatl? M. I., Omaha Neb..
Dear Sir: I have been siitl'eritis: with
catarrh in tho head ever iue I cnu re
member, mid now 1 am twenty nine vear
of age. I had loug thought a cure' w 1
impos-ible, but nevertheless placed my
self under vour treatment, bin with rath
er stnull taith. 1 must confess.
I am uow happy to say that I am urcat
lv relieved, and have strong hopes of -:
perfect cure. I have never Used any
medicine before which went right to the
seat of the disease -i the medicine you
Hoping m my others may tind relief at
vour hands, 1 remain vours respectfullv,
W. H. MuVEK."
Happiness Follows Despair.
Taylor Station, la., Feb. 7, 1K3-1.
Dr. A. S. Fishblatt Dear Sir: I feel
considerably better now than when I last
wrote you, and lite is beginning to have
some charm for me again After having
beeu bed-ridden s,n long, p-irt of the time
giving up all, hone of ever being able to
get up aalri, it sfems so nice, and I can
hardly realize It. to take your m.s ds with.
a irood appetite, to move about like other
people do without pains and itches, nnd
to haves even body congratulate you on
your improved appearance. Anil all this,
doctor, tliunks to vour treatment, which,
I-shall always believe, has snatched me
from the shadow. of death.
Mrs. .1. T. Ckavkx.
It In ttaroiM-aKlHK- to Kesut the
Followissir front a. I.ontf-Kuli.
4-rer wao hint Imhsb Under Or.
FlMkblattVt Treatment for two
Mackhonia, la., Jan. 20, 18X1.
Dr. Fihblatt Dear Sir: .My folks say
I appear to have gained twenty pounds
since I commenced taking your medicines,
and we all think there never was any
thing like your treatment. I know that
medicine you sent me was just what 1
needed. Yours truly,
Mk-s. N.J I. I.UNI".
Testimonial from Humboldt, Neb.
'Mr. George M. Squire, of Humboldt,
Neb., says: I have sulfered for a long
time with rheumatism, which ban pros
trated me to such an extent th.it I was
obliged to give up my farm. .My left side
was especially atli-ctcd, and after trying
numerous doctors without receiving any
relief, I submitted to your treatment
about two mouths ago. 1 am happy to
say that I aiu now nearly well, and con
sider you hava.performed on tne a won
derful cure. I have gained eiht pounds,
and am now able to attend to my work
without anv inconvenience.
The lady who gives the following testi
monial does not wish her name to appear
in print, but does not object to have her
address given on application:
Kvi. in. iss::.
A. S. Fishblatt Kind Sir:
Again I wish to speak of the favor you
conferred on me. It sometimes seems too
good to be true that I am cured. Words
fail to express my gratitude to you and
had it not been lor you, God only knows
where I would be now. Perhaps you
think I say this merely for the sake of
saying something, but, believe rnc when
I s'ay, that I never in my life have felt so
grateful toward anyone for an act of
kindness, as I feel" toward you. 31ay
happiness and prosperity attend you
life, wiy benefactor.
TRAVEL OKLY VIA
T I IK
9HILI1&TDI &M0. BIVJAILRQAI1
KOR ALL POIVrS
Daily Express Trains are now run to
AND BET'. CKX
KaaranCiiri AtchUoa IVaor.
2CPRtN' TKA1.Y Dailr
OMAHA AND LINCOLN.
Ail Through Train are
lievv and e lei
Pullman Palace Cars.
I'ouches and ltisi-ra"e
Cars of me latest de
Through Tickets at Lowest Bates -
Are 011 Mtle at all principal Station.. where
p.iieiii:cr can obtain information .11 to
IJoiitt. Kates unit Connection, and can
secure Sleeping-Car acciuuuiodatlous.
As train run to and
at all principal point..
from I'uiou IVpot
i. n. i:uu.
Is conducted as a
Devoted to the best mutual ittter.
est of its readers aud i t v publish,
ers. Published at I oliunbiis.l'latte
county, the centre oi the agricul
tural pr.rti. ml Nebr.iska.it i.re:.d
by hundred of people e:it who are
looking toward Nebraska a their
future liom. It ubcuber 111
Ne.'nik'i are the staunch, solul
portion ( the comiuituiry. as i
evidenced by the fact ihat the
lot! UN i. ha- never contained a
'dun" airaiut theiu. in I by the
oili T I" ici that
In its columns always brinsr its
reward. ltuines. is bii.ine.-s, and
those who wish to reach the solid
people of Ceutral Nebraska will
tlnd the columns of the .Iouknal a
Of all kinds neatly nnd ijuickly
done, at fair prices. Thi species
of printing is nearly always want
ed 111 hurry, and, knowing this
fact, we have .o provided tor it
that w e imm tiirnish envelope, let
ter head, bill head., circulars,
posters, etc., etc., on very hort
notice, and promptly fln time is
I copy per annum . .
Six month ..
Single copy sent to any address
In the Halted States for ft cts.
SI. K. TURNER & CO.,
Can now atl'ord
A CHICAGO DAILY.
All the News every day on four large
page of seven columns each. The Hon.
Frank W. I'aliner (lnstni:tter ol Chi
cago), Editor-in-Chief. A lb-publican
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mouths, .-Jl.r.0. One
trial 30 cent.
Acknowledged by everybody who has
reau 11 to ne ine nest eigiit-pagir papers
ever puousneii, at tne low price ot
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Contains correct market report, all
the news, anil general reading interest-
mg to tne tanner ana nis
terms to agent and
Copies free. Address,
CHICAGO HERALD COMP'Y
REDUCTION IN PRICE.
A'e offer the Journal iu combination
with the American Agriculturist, the best
farmers' magazine in the world, for 93
a year, which includes postage ou both.
IX ADDITION", we will eiul free to ev
ery persou who takes both papers, a
Maguiticent Plate Engraving of Dl" PKE'S
last Great Painting, ; TIIK 31EA.
OW. now on evhibition in New York,
aud offered for sale at 93,000.
Tue eminent Artist, F. S. CHURCH,
writing to a frieud in the country last
October, thus alludes to this Picture:
1 was delighted this morning to
see offered as a Premium a reproduction
of a very beautiful Picture, - IN THE
.HEADOW," by Dupre. This Picture
is au Educator
vrhis superb engraviug IT1;, by VI inches,
exclusive of icule border, is worth more
than the cost of both Journals, it is
mounted 00 heavy Plate Paper, aud seut
securely packed iu Tubes made expressly
for the purpose. When to be mailed, 10
cents extra is required for Packing, Post
Subscriptions may begin at any
timeind the- Agriculturist furnished' la
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