The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 17, 1883, Image 1
M -f - J THE JOURNAL. 1M KH K i?KY ttl.l'NKMUY, M. 3 v. Tl'lLXEK vSo CO., Proprietors atd Publisher. XS&'UFFIVE.KlneMh St.. up 'tairs i Journal lUtilifimj. KATES OF A1VETIM1!. dTBusineu and professional cards -of five lines or less, per annum, five dollars. d For time advertisements, applr at this office. aulHrnlius t VS w - i : . XM J. TEKJ1.-: Per year Ms. illOUlbs Thiec mouths tingle copies I OO SO OS VOL: XIII.-NO. COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 17, 1888. WHOLE NO. 662. it " Ittf I ) i t ff ijvn !v. K i F si 8' is. V 1 I iVy BUSINESS CAKDS. ATTORNEYS-A 'J -LA If, lT--.luiv- i: iliu-V Building. 11th street, Alii-Vi'tlie Sftt bank. xurMtY ruin l 1-th Stn-fl. -' It.rs - f HHwnionJ lliiu?, roMwifcas. AV.. vM-y D it. Jl. l.'2Ht USX., i? y;.v D en r I) aa ri r. OHi.-r o.t-r ..HII.-I "' ami Xoitli-t. All . f.-iat-i...!- til t-ela mi.l ivairmtfJ. 1I1KV.4.0 KAlCI-" SKOI'! 0 IIFNKY WOUH-. IMscn-'tt. jqy-K.M thine in first -elas-. .?''' Al-o keep ih- b -t I .-iiiar-. "" .' a i.i.sc a. bei:e:ci:. ATTOHVFYS AT LA If, Orii.e ..n olive M.. .lninl.li-, Ncbr.isU.i. J t f t;. . mi-i.uui:-T. a.m., M.n., C. OMEOl'A T1UC I'll YSJ CIAS. 13-Twi. Block- south of t'onrt HOII--C. Telephone roinmuuictlion. - MoAI.MSTE ., .1 TTOUXK YS A T LA II', office un-tair- i M Allister's- build 1!S. lit", -t W. V. Al-AlliMor, Notary l'ulili.-. ' I. M. MACl-AKLAM'. " R- COVVI,.K"Y.;.. LAW ASH C01,..KT10X OFFICE -or MACIWR1.AND& COWDER7. Coifit-trf ; Xrtraika. i r.o. a- mi-:kv. PA I XT Fit. I5r'arti.ijfi', h..i'c .md --n. paintim;, L'liizinir. paper hii.t-ing, fcalsoiniunig. etc. done t.. oiu.r. h..l ..ii Wta St.. r-Il;-f Eiif-ine lloii- . i-olitnil'ii. Ni-. llth St., nearly opp. Gluck's store, Se'N liarnc-s, .-riddles dlnr. Whin.-.. Blniik-t. urry Combs. Brushes. t--, at the low-i - i(l- j.i :(. H.-pair-n inj.tly attended to. ( W.riiAKK, I. land and insurance ag ext, iiljii'iu:i:y. xebu. Hi !airl- eo.npri-r s.onu fine tracts in the Sl.eii 'r.-ek V U!r-j , and the nortli- rn i...rti.iu oi l'i t:e loituty. faxes j.uid A.J ni.ii-r."-ident-. sali-taetioli t'liai-.int.t d. - HYKHX MILl.Kil. .1 llt lee tit" tilt l'e:.f and Notarx I'liKie. A'.TOltM: AT LAW. C.dumhus N.l.ia-kl. N. .Ho will i;ic eli.-.- atleiiii.Mi :. all t.u-iiu-- etitrii?led 'o In in. - v H!;i:i:ii:u, BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER. All hind i i.j-.uuiiu tloiie on -hrt Ili.tl.-f. l'.ii.-w"-. W :ir'n-, ete.. maile to ordej, ai.d .ill v. urk S.MI..I .iiitt-.-tt. rjj"lu.p . j.ju.-itt- Hie T.tllor-all." OIU.- -ill. -t. ' W 7 A. s:is V X KV o ft'. I I 1 1 K - en f.ck s:i:i:i ha i;x. Art- iii'i'iiaii'il to t.rin-.ti I he .nldi.- w til od tenin-. l.wtri.-- and f.iri laui-- lor all .-. a-ion-, ieeiali l.l Inn.-ial-. Al . udllet a let-il :.id -alf s':itil.-. !! J Alh I'KAI'AI.L IS fKhriKKIt, W It'll ' A'.S".'' - CLASS A F'A liA TlrS, To remove lioii-.v- at r'asuii:iMe rali'i-. I.i- niiil a .till. N mtDrr. H,Ti-Ariii:6w. J D Aloncrief. Co Supt., Will he III hi- olll.-o -.t the Olllt lloilt-e on the lir-t Ullldu of eaeli month tor th- j.tirnox of evitiiiniiu' a..!i.alil- t.u t. a.-her- -i rlilieatt . and lor tin lr tn-:. tton !" .m tillier hn-hse. jd-rtaininsj to clioos. ."C.7-J c ioi.rMiius. - xcil. Tacker- and I.al.-i- in all kinds of Ho;: lUOiluet. oa-h paid tor Live or Head lloj: or trio i-e Directors. -If. 11 Henry. Tre-t.; .loun Wiirii. .-if. and lieas.; K. Uirrard, S. Cof. TA.1IKJ SAl.t50. CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER. lMan and estimates Mipplied for jjither frame or brick building- Good work guaranteed. Shop on l"th Street, near m. Paul Lumber Yin, Columbus Xe hrasku. r'- Unto. D.T. JIaktyx. V. 1. F. -euro, M. !.. Deutschcr Artz.) Drs. MARTYK & SCHUG. U. S. Examining Surgeons, Local Surgeons Tiiion Pacitic and O.. X.AB. H.R. R's. COLUMBUS. - NEBRASKA. o.'-vol-xiii-v WXIililAM RYAN. DKAI.KK IN KENTUCKY WHISKIES Wines, Ales. Ci'jars and Tobacco. jScbi!z's Milwaukee Beer constant ly on band.g Elvventh St.. .Columbus. Neb. JS. MURDOUK & SON, Carpenters and Contractors. Havebadan extended experienre, and will guarantee satisfaction in work. All kiuds of repairing done on short notice. Our motto is. Good work and fair prices. Call and give us an oppor tuuitytoestimatefor von. t5?"Sbop on 18th SU, one door west of Friedbof fc Co's. store. olumbiis. Xebr 4S3-V THE COLUMBUS FLAX AXD TOW W., Are prepared to reeehe and pay $.1.00 per ton for :ood clean llax straw (free from foreign -.ulistauces) delivered on their ground-: near the Creamery, in Colum bus Nebraska. COLUMBUS FLAX TOW CO., GEO. SMITH, AgH. Columbus, Dec. 5, 1SS2. 223m ADVERTISEMENTS. Fxxta? National Bank! COLXJB5BXJS, NEB. Authorized Capital, Cash Cajiital, S250.000 f0,000 OrFlCEK' AND iuhkctous A. ANDERSON, Prrs't. - SAMM. C SMITH. Vict- Prea't. o. T. ROES, Cashier. .1. W. EARLY'. ROBERT rilLlfi. HMIMANOEHLRICH. W A. MCALLISTER. (5. ANDERSON, p. anu.:rsonv Foreign and Inland Exchange, lMi Tick. ts. Real E-tate, J. ..an and liisuranee. iJUvol-IS-Iv BECKER & WELCH, PROPRIETOBS OF SHELL CREEK MILLS. MANUFACTURERS AND AV HOLE SALE DEALERS IN FLOUR AND MEAL. OFFICE. COL UMIi US, NEB. SPEICE & NORTH, General Agents for the Sale oT REAL ESTATE. Union Pacific, and ilidland Pacific R. U. Land, for j,ale it from $3.00 to $10.00 per acre tor cashbr u live or ten years time, in annual ps.yrue.uts to suit pur-cUa-ers. W'e have also a laige and . hoice lot of other lauds, improved and unimproved, roc sale at low price and on rca-onable terms. Also business and residence- lots in the city. "We keep a complete abstract of title to all real es tate in Platte County, C.-21 roi.ifiurs. yiTAn. vwm BIST ! BUY THF- Patent Roller Process MINNESOTA FLOUR! ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION, lit cause it makes a supericr article ol bread, and is the cheapest rtoiir in the market. Frcri; surf; warmiifril to run aHI:: ur money nfiimlrd. HERMAN OEHLRICH & BRO., ( J ROGERS. l-Sin LANDS, FARMS, A N D - AT THE Union Pacfic Land Office, ! On Lniii Time mul low rate of 1 nter est. All wlohing to buy Rail Road Land or Improved Farms will tlnd it to their advantage to call at the U. P. Laud Ol.iee before lookin elsewhere u- 1 make a specialty of buying and selling lands on commission ; all persons wish ing to sell farms or unimproved land will find it to their advantage .o leave their lands with me for sale, as my fa cilities for affecting sale are unsur passed. I am prepared to make fina. proof for all parties wishing to get a patent for their homesteads. TQTHenry Cordes, Clerk, writes and spe.lks (lerinan. SAMUEL C. SMITH, Agt. U. P. Land Department, fcJl-y COLUMBUS, NEB WM. BECKER, DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF FAMILY GROCERIES! I KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A WELL SELECTED S TOCIC. Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups, Dried and Canned Fruits, and other Staples a Specialty. moo1h DellTered JPree to anj part of Ike City. I AM ALSO AGENT FOR THE CEL EBRATED COQUILLARD Farm and Spring Wagons, of which I keep a constant supply on hand, but few their equal. In style and quality, second to none. CALL, AMD LEARN PRICES. Cor. Thirteenth .and K Streets, near A. &N. Depot. GIT! PROPERTY THANKSGIVING. Our hay ia all wived, and our wheat W U reaped; Our corn is all garnered, our barn at all heaped; Tlianksglvluic !. thanksgiving ! For the sun and the dew and the bouutlful rain. For the honey and fruit, for the nourishing grain. For the rose and the song let ua render again Thanksgiving! thanksgiving! For the quick tide of trade that gives life to our land. For the skill and the wealth of the working man's bund. Thanksgiving! thanksgiving! For the bndns that lmve toiled with some wonderful thought, For the dreams that the artist and poet have caught. For the cifd right with evil to patiently fought, Thanksgiving! thanksgiving! For the homes that w-th truest affection are blest. Where love nestles down like a bird In its ne.-it. Thanksgiving! thanksgiving! For the worth and the will that have made ua bo free. For our beautiful land from sea unto sea, , O God of our fathers we give unto Thee Thanksgiving! thanksglvine! Harper's Weekly. THE ARABS OF THE DESERT. Cariosities ot Life Among the Bedouins. Much has been said of late concerning the Bedouins aud their share in the Anglo-Egyptian war, and yet no class of people is less known to the outer world, for the reason, perhaps, that no other class so persistently keeps aloof from civilization. When Asia and Afri ca were joined by the Isthmus of Suez the Bedouins roamed freely from Mo rocco through Algiers, Tuni9, Tripoli, Egypt, Arabia, and Syria, often trading on their way, besides keeping up their flocks. By the cutting of the land, how ever, those who were in Syria and Ara bia became separated from their African friends. The tribes, which had hitherto been united, have divided into two sep arate bodies, one of which is now called Anadollou, or Asiatic, and the other Myssirlou, or African. This separation of the Bedouins has been of advantage to the Anadollou, as the desert in Asia is interspersed with fertile spots, which are at no great distance, from the mar kets, where their horses, sheep and camels can be sold. St has been detri mental to tile Myssipou, wko have Keen confined to one emfrmou&'aeserty'with small oasis here ,and there, and have always ifeen obliged to defend them selves against tife attapks of Wild tribes inhabifing thevinterigr of Afpca. Many of these Mysairlou tribes hive 6onfined themselves ithinjertain limits, where they breedigh-flfass honses exclusively. These tribes arejcalledAhal Hader," or inhalhtants.-of fixfil places, w,Hi!e their roTamingbrethrn are denominated "AharBedw" or dJFcllers of unHmited spactL Very little din be said in avor of thqlatter class ofjBedouins, aafthey are known to be bjoodthirsty.ruel, and cowardly, theichief occupation being robbery, cattifj-lifting, ara kidnaping, or slaTe-hunRng, in wbfth they excel. The only yrtue they eem to possess is their great love for their horses. The Ahal Hader Bedouin, however, although retaining much of his savage nature, is noble, generous, kind, and hospitable, and will, in many respects, serve as a good example to civilized nations. The Bedouin considers the desert his personal property. He says that the sun gave it to him as a legacy, ordering him to keep it intact aud free from intruding strangers. He believes if he fails to do this that the sun will cease to shine on it, and it will be covered with water. For this reason the Bedouins are verj' jealous of foreigners passing through the desert without their permission, and they will rob, and even murder, travelers, who have not taken the pre- caution to provine tuemseives wiih a permit from some Bedouin Sheik or Ameer. This permit is sometimes in tne snape oi a oouy guard, which ac companies the travelers to the next tribe, and confides them to another guara, wnicn in turn does the same thing; or it is in writing, bearing the seal of some chief : else it is a ringr, a handkerchief, a piece of wood, or leath er. In any case, permission obtained from one chief is sufficient to insure the traveler a safe passage through the desert, unless he should be unfortunate enough to fall into the hands of hostile tribes, of which there are a few who are always at war with the more peaceable of their own kind. This right of the Bedouin to tne desert is acknowledged, they say, by the Sultan of Turkey and the Khedive of Egypt, who pay them an annual tribute for allowing the caravan of holy camels to march over the sand on its way to Mecca. The truth, how ever, is that the holy caravan was so often robbed by the Bedouins that the Turkish and Egyptian rulers thought it policy to pay a little black-mail rather than send large bodies of troops to pro tect it. The great difficulty experienced by a stranger is in obtaining tne neces sary permission, for this is not readily granted, the Bedouin chiefs resorting- to all kinds of subterfuge, and very often to deception. No experienced Oriental traveler con siders himself safe until he has not only slept in the chief's tent, but has also smoked the narghilleh of friendship, broken bread and divided salt with him, formalities without whose observance no Bedouin is to be relied upon. The friendship, however, once obtained, can be depended upon. Many cases are known where Bedouins have risked and sacrificed their lives in protecting or avenging those to whom they have pledged themselves. The most recent instance is that of the Emeer Abou-Said, who last year marched at the head of a thousand lances, from Nubia to Tripoli, a journey of two months, where he fought and destroyed the whole of the Yzamy tribe, for having robbed a cara van of Greek gentlemen, who were col lecting specimens of natural history, and to whom the Emeer Abou-Said had granted a pass. The most curious inci dent of this expedition was that the Emeer had to pass through three tribes with which heVas at war at the time, bnt they, knowing that he was bent on defending Bedouin honor, not only al lowed him to cross their territory un molested, but also entertained him hos pitably. The Bedouins always camp near a well, and within few minutes after their arrival at one they are com fortably settled. All their property is portable, and is stowed away in various shaped saddle-bags, which are easily packed and unpacked. Their tents consist of pieces of cloth, or rather felt, made of camel's hair by the women.and thrown over bamboo poles. Some of the tents are very pretty, especially those of the chiefs, which are inter woven with gold, silver, colored wools, silk, etc. The majority of them, how ever, have nothing to recommend them. The men's tents are open at both sides, but those of the women ate closed up with rolls of cane, "not for protection from heat or cold bat because ,s Bed ouin s wife's face must never be seen by anybody bnt her husband. When ever she leaves the tent she covers fier f,wiii4iicfcbkijkraulia. Thefurmi- ture in the tents consists of carpets and little or nothing else. On these they sit and sleep. The tents are, however, decorated with the saddles of the men and litters of the women, the majority of which are richly ornamented and of great value. A Bedouin will work and steal for years to possess a gold-mounted saddle, bridle, and stirrups, for these are the criterion of a man's wealth and position. All Bedouins are given to polygamy, the poorest of them having five or six wives, and although the Koran sanctions seven to auy Moslem, some of the Bed ouin chiefs have twenty and even twenty-five wives. The majority of the wives are slaves whom their masters marry when they are between eleven and fourteen years of age, a woman be- j ing considered old by a Bedouin when sne attains tne age oi twenty, ana very often before that time. The Emeers however, have only one legitimate wife, although they have a number of slaves, in their harems. The Emeer can not marry below his own blood. He there fore seeks a maiden of high blood be longing to some other tribe, and, in order to obtain her from her father, he very often has to measure lances with other noble Bedouins. The Emeer Mir Tzelleley, of Souakin, slew in combat three young Emeers before he could claim the daughter of the Emeer Abdel Salih, and even then he had to give the father sixty fine Arab horses and eighty five dromedaries. The women never do auy work whatever, the ouly occupation compatible with the dignity of a Bedouin female being the manufacture of tent cloth, and of this they make very little. All the domestic work is done by slaves, of whom the poorest Bedouin possesses two at least, while the women idle away their time in sleeping, smoking, drink ing coffee, chewing guininastic, and Eamting their finger and toe nails, the itter being quite an art. The Bedouin, like the Persian, dyes his beard red, an operation which is performed by the wives in turn, and one which they con sider a great honor to engage in. Bed ouins, in speaking of a wife who is not on good terms with her husband, say "She can not dye his beard." It must not be supposed from the above that the women are too delicate to be of any ser vice. On the contrary, in war, they al ways fight by the sides of their hus bands, and headlong charges are repeat edly led by some courageous maiden of high blood, who, mounted on a pure Nejd steed, dashed among the enemy, singing songs, insulting them for their cowardice and encouraging her own fol lowers. The Bedouin Amazons have always been noted for their courage, and are often mentioned in history. It is generally admitted that had it not been for the bravery of the young and beau tiful Ayesha, Mohammed would have lost the battle of the Camel. Her peo ple were already retreating before the enemy, wheu she halted them by shout ing, "Scum of the desert sand, fleeing like chickens from falcons, rein your horses, if 'tis but tos?a woman defend Islam!" and, rushing on the enemy, so encouraged the deserters that they fol lowed her and won the day. The Greek gentlemen referred to above as having been robbed by the Yzamy tribe of Bedouins, in the Tripoli desert, were Messrs. Mavro, Sarides and Loutrary. They had traveled through the desert for six months, re ceiving the greatest hospitality and as sistance from the Bedouins, who lent them horses and camels to carry their increasing stock of specimens of natural history, shared their tents and carpets with them, replenished their powder flasks when they were empty, and gave them guides in difficult parts, without accepting any compensation whatever. On arriving at the camp of the Yzamys, they were asked to stay the regulation three days and accept the tribe's hospi tality. They were very well treated, but they noticed that although the Sheik appeared more than friendly he never dined with them nor did he break bread with them, but all the time pretended that he was ill. He took a great fancy to a revolver belonging to Mr. Loutrary and to the gold watch of Mr. Mavro, which he said he wanted to buy. These were offered to him as presents by the travelers, but he politely refused them, saying that he could not accept gifts from his guests. If, however, they would fix the value of the articles, he would pay for them on arriving at the next town, as he was also on his way thither to receive payment for some horses he bad sold. ' This proposition the Greeks agreed to, for they were de sirons of serving their host. At the end of three days he ordered the travelers' saddle-bags to be replenished with beans, dates, dried meat and maize. He him self held their stirrups while they mounted, an act which is accounted a great honor among Bedouins, and, wish ing them a pleasant journey, reminded them that they would soon meet to settle the account between them, and threw flour after them to bring them good luck. That evening while the three gentle men were quietly pursuing their journey they were overtaken by the Sheik and a few of his men, who ordered them tc halt and deliver up all their valuables. They protested against this violation of hospitality, and told him that they were under the protection of the Emeer Abou Said. He replied that he was not vio lating hospitality, as he had not broken bread, shared salt, or smoked the narg hilleh of peace with them, and, as to the Emeer, he was too far away to grant them any protection. The naturalists, seeing that they were at the Sheik's mercy, gave him their watches, arms, and 2,500f. in money, after which they were allowed to depart. To their aston ishment, on their arrival at their desti nation on the following day, they were met by a servant of the Sheik, who said that he had been sent by his master to pay them for the watch and revolver which he had bought of them and for which he required a receipt. The money was paid and the receipt was given, and although the Greek travelers assert that thev did not think it worth while to Mnd and inform the Emeer Abou-Said of this adventure, as their voyage terminated there with onlv this mishap, it must have been communicated to him by oth- r tniies, xur tne punisument oi tne Yzamy tribe followed close upon the neeis oi uus piece oi treacnery. iv. x. Times. A highway robber was nearly killed by degs in Lebanon County, Pennsyl vania, the other night. David J. Mc Kinney was driving to his home, near Fredericksburg, when a thief stopped his team and milled a DistoL with the demand: "Your money or your life!" McKinney had three mastiffs in his wagon and he set the dogs on the thie and in a short time thev enmnWplu stripped him of his clothing and bit him severely, -uctvmney was alone, ana to save the thief from being killed outright ne caiiea on tne aogs ana drove away, leaving the desperado at the roadside. A party searched the woods subsequent ly, bat -eouki not ind him. Chicago Timis. ,i - Fan aid Foibles. The circus pictures are a big thing at my house now. It's astonishing how children are carried away with such' things, and it takes grown people a long time to get over their love of the saw dust riding. I've known old gray headed people who never missed one when it came within reach. I don't be lieve that old folks enjoy it much, but they go because it revives the memory of their happy childhood, aud they imag ine they can be as happy again, but they can't. When old age creeps upon a man he must hunt for pleasures of a different kind, and be reconciled. The ginger cake of his boyhood will never I o more taste luxe a ginger cake to him. I do love to see the children eujoying their innocent youth, and drinking in pleasure and delight every day, from a thousand things that have long since ceaftedto amuse us or attract our special attention. It Likes mighty little to make tbo-children happy. A doll, or a, ball, or a French harp.'or a ride to the mill, or the sight of a locomotive pulling a train, or a wade in the branch, fills 'em up full to the brim for the time, but a circus is perhaps the biggest thing that their little brains can conceive of. They have been playing menagerie of late, and when 1 was hunting a five-gallon tin can that had mysteriously disap peared I found it accidentally in the cor ner of the spring lot fence, hid out among the weeds, and on perusing its contents I found it half full of water, and in it was a big bullfrog and some crawfish and spring lizards and a few tad-poles and minnows, and this was their water show, and they had a land show of bugs and various insects, and they played circus by trotting around in a ring, and they charged a nickel for admission, and as there was but oue nickel in the crowd it was kept very busy, for it had to be loaued from one to another until they all got in sorter like old Joe Plunket and his wife, who bought a jug of whisky together and had a dime left, and old Joe give his wife the dime for a drink and then she gave old Joe the dime for a drink, and they kept on that way time about until the whisky was all gone and they congratu lated themselves that they had paid cash for every drink they took. My little chaps were excited enough before, but last night Carl got a letter from one of our little grandchildren at Rome, which reads as follows, to-wit: "Dear Carl I want to see you mighty bad. 1 was so mad you didnt cum with papa I felt like walkin on my years, 1 am golnier look tor you toe marrer bring all your clothes to stay to the circus, yon can pick up a boxx full of nails round our house where they took the shingles off 1 am goluter send you a circus" plctur you can go down town a heap andcun go to skool with us easyeuuff and have a lotts of fun tellJessle to writ to me love to all amen llnton Rom Ga amen i circusses a comln nex week amen." And now he is plum crazy to go to Rome and is behaving himself splendid and brings water and wood with alac rity, and picks cotton and flies 'round amazing. Old Dr. Johnson says that the way to bring up a boy is to teach him self denial early and frequently. That is a very good theory, but you can't do it in practice. You can deny him,of course, but you can't teach him to deny himself. Children are children they are not philosophers. They love fun and frolic according to nature, just like grown folks love money, and office, and fame, and other things that bring less pleasure and are more vexatious and deceitful. It is mighty hard work to make a man out of a boy. Mrs. Arp, she sets 'em down to studying some good, pious verses sometimes, but it's an up-hill bus iness, but they can learn some other verses by heart directly and not half try. Mr. Shakspeare says a man has seven ages, which is so, I reckon, and I think a noy has about the same number before he gets to be a man. He goes through about five of 'em before he begins to shave the fuzz off his chin and takes a faucv to the looking-glas3 and wears a highly-colored cravat, parts his hair carefully with a wet brush and looks down at the set of his legs as he gallops a martingaled pony to town. And the girls have their several ages, too, from the time they begin to dress their little dolls up to the time that they laugh at everything, whether it is iunny or not. It's mighty hard to keep chil dren in the right track, and I'm afraid that most parents try a little too hard, though I know very well that some don't try hard enough. Like father Tike son. Children just as naturally take after their parents as the young of any animal take after theirs, and tne best teaching a parent can give his child is a good example and the con tinual evidence of his love. Not many children will go back on love and ex ample both, especially if there is a little reverential fear of the hickory mixed up with it in a judicious manner. Mrs. Arp has sorter opened a family school for the children and is trying to enlarge their views of figures, and she makes a first-rate teacher, for she lises figures. I put in occasionally, and the last sum I gave was : If a cow and a calf is worth $1.50, what are two cows worth? She helped 'em work at it a while, when suddenly it struck her, and then the hair brush struck me on the side of the head, and I departed these coasts prematurely. Bill Arp, in Atlan ta Constitution. Country Life in Italy. At the age of ten or twelve the boys are sent to a "seminario," the girls to a convent, to be educated; but in what their education consists is a mystery. An Italian lady whose education had been completed at a most fashionable convent asked me if it was really neces sary to cross the sea in order to get to England. Mv explanation that England was an island did not enlighten her at all, for she did not know that "island" meant land surrounded by water. The boys are very thankful when allowed to exchange the priest's dress they are obliged to wear at their school for secu lar garments, but they are often kept in the "seminario" to be out of mischief until past twenty. The father finds them on their return singularly devoid of all useful information and all practi cal ideas. The only occupation to which they kindly take is "lacacoia," and they seldom, through life, pursue any other avocation with much zest. One, maybe, has abilities ambition wishes to do something in the world ; but it is too late now to take to a pro fession. He has wasted the best years of his youth or, rather, they have been wasted for him and he complains bit terly that he is fit for nothing but a priest. A priest he "will not be ; neither is he content to remain at home, with' nothing bnt his miserable, younger son's portion to live upon. (Half the entire fortune goes to the eldest son, and the other half is divided in equal portions among the remaining children,) This son, naturally the, best endowed, too of ten tarns out., the. black sheep of the family. Tin? daughters,, on their return from, thej convent are "subjected to a discipline almosTas'siricfas that of the nuns. They may never leave the house except with their father, neither mother nor brother being- consid ered escort enough., They are not allowed to read any books but fashion books, and they are locked into their rooms at night. I knew one imagina tive girl who employed her time during which she was locked into her room in writing thrilling romances, which before morning she burnt. When emancipat ed bv marriage from paternal control. 1 she broke out, but only in the way of literature. She cared neither for balls nor theaters, but literally devoured 1 books, and to her credit, be it said, she 'did not confine herself to novels. History, scienie, metaphysics nothing j came amiss to her. What must not an 1 intelligent girl, with a taste for reading, have suffered during twenty years of I otili iinnaliiml iviiMcaiAn f Tlift aannna occupation oi the Italian young lady is embroidery for her trousseau, or "corredo," as she would call it; and many a bride can produce hundreds of chemises, petticoats, etc., all elaborately embroidered, and arranged in drawers, each dozen tied with different colored ribbon. She will toll you she began this work at seven years old. In spite of the size of the house, the numerous family (for when the sons marrv they remain with their wives and children under the paternal roof) and the extensive scale on which hospitality is exercised, the servants are few two or three at the utmost and those few find plenty of time in which to gossip and amuse themselves. But, then, Italian iaeas of what constitute comfort and cleanliness are not ours. The large, bare saloons are uninhabited, except on grand occa sions. The family sit in a dingy room on the ground floor, stone-paved and carpetless, furnished with a couple of benches against the walls, a table in the i middle and one arm-chair. The stone floor is uever scrubbed ; the window are ' cleaned once in a generation ; the furni I ture is dusted but rarely. There are no fireplaces, and a bath is required i but once or twice in the course of the I year. The only breakfast is a tiny cup of blact coffee, taken in ued. i here is no separate cookerj; for children or ser. vauts. The former feed with their parents, and the latter eat what remains after the family have dined. Dinner, which takes place about raid-day, is cer tainly an elaborate affair. It begins with raw ham and various species of sausage "salami," also raw ; then comes the "minestra," chicken broth with rice or macaroni in it; then the "lesso" that is, the chickens of which the soup has been made, eaten usually with rice; i then perhaps a dish of vegetables beans, peas,- or cabbage, according to I the season, followed by an "arrosto." The roast is usually either lamb or chicken; mutton and beef are seldom eaten, but "manzo" veal verging on beef is occasionally to be seen ; then will come some sweet dish or "fritto;" then more meat in "humido" (stew), until one begins to think the repast will never end. On fast days the meat is replaced by fish usually the red mullet with which- this coast abounds and eggs, either baked in a dish or made into an omelet. In the spring, junkets identical with those for which Devon shire is famous, but made of ewe's -instead of cow's milk, form part of the repast. Besides the junket, or "cnagli ata," as it is called, the ewe's milk sup plies other sweet dishes "ricotto," which resembles a very rich buttermilk, and "giuncata," which is more of the consistence of cream-cheese, and made in the form of rushes. Cream-cheeses there are, too, and when they are salted they keep and harden. Ewe's milk is the only milk used. Cattle are kept only for work ; it follows that butter is not a product of the country. Olive oil sup plies its place, when you are used to it, very well. Dinner is" generally followed by coffee, and the family eat and drink no more until supper at nine or ten o'clock. This meal is more simple than the dinner. Soup is again de rigneur, bnt there may not be more than one other dish besides the salad and the cheese which ends the repast. To sup- er guests often drop in, "and they sit a ongtime at table. The meal is en livened by much conversation, and sometimes by song, in which servants and guests all join. Plates, knives, and bread are kept in a cupboard let into the wall, and the knives are not changed with every dish. Corntill Magazine. Salt Lake City Mosquitoes. A Salt Lake City man named Johu Fallon was recently invited to spend his vacation with a friend named Moor house, who lived just outside the city. He accepted, and on the first night said he would retire pretty early in order to get up and see the sun rise. His host told him that some nights the mosquitoes were pretty troublesome, and being very large and ravenous he had better keep his blinds closed or the curtains down. But John declared that no mosquitoes could trouble him and he wanted all the windows open so as to get the fresh, cool, country air. During the night the iumates of the house were awakened several times by a noise as of some oue trying to break the chairs and tables to pieces, and such exclamations as " I'll cure you of trying to eat me up ;" "I'll show" you the way I treat such dirty pests;" "I nailed you for keeps," etc. In the morning John came "down to breakfast with a sickly smile on his face, and on being asked how he had slept, said first-rate, with the exception of having to drive out the mosquitoes once in a while.. Moorhouse's boys were no ticed to be terribly tickled about some thing, and their father made up his mind that they had been putting up a terrible fame of some kind on poor "old man allon." And so they had, for while he was trying to get a few minutes' sleep the boys went and got a lot of pigeons out of the stable loft and threw them in to Fallon's room. He, taking them for mosquitoes, would wake up whenever a pigeon came fluttering into his room, seize a chair and go it blind, hitting first one thing and then another. The boys kept it up this way until daylight, when they concluded they had had enough fun with that chap from the city, and sneaked off to bed as though they were the most model country boys on eafh. Fallon agreed that if' Moorhouse would never say.nnything about the matter he would buy the boys a new sijit of clothes, a fast colt, or anything their little hearts desired, but Moorhouse had to tell a friend or two aboaj. It, and. Fallon swears he believes th old man put the boysuptot & (L? Tribmtt. Mr. "Hiram Sibley, of Rochester, who is said, to be the largest owner of cultivated land m America, and who was formerly 'President of the Western Union Telegraph Company. will erect-in Chicago ' the largest seed warehouse in the world.- Ar. . Post. :a A truthful man from Shasta, Cal., declares that his dog fell down an aban doned abaft, and was' taken out alive af terbeing.en'tombed for,4fifty-seven.days without food or water. OF GENERAL INTEREST. The Bachelors' Mutual Protective Association, of Knoxville, Tenn., insures ' against matrimony. It is now no longer permissible to speak of a man as (:pockmarred." "Moth eaten complexion" fully expresses the idea. Chicago Herald. There has been on exhibition in New r York an armless ueijro youth who plays tne piano witn uis toes wun tne aciu oi a veritable Blind Tom. jV. Y.Sun. . During the past year the Moyamen sing Soup Society of Philadelphia gave 'away 64,800 bowls of soup, 22,241 pounds of bread, aud expended $1,663 in chari ties. Philadelphia Pre-. One of the Egyptian pashas is strug gling through thi wilderness of sin and sorrow with the euphonious name of Kus sid. What a poweche wouldbe to dam the Suez canal N. Y. Commercial Ad vertiser. A urftus'suicHiewas that of Daniel Brutou, "of Philadelphia. He cut his throat with a piece of window glasts which he purposely Broke from a pane while in a fit of "intentional insanity" drunk enness. Pittsburg Post. Vanderbilt's stables, in which Maud S- and the other great trotters are housed, are uiade of pressed brick and brown stone aud marble, with the walls of polished walnut and cherry, and with plate-glass windows N. Y. Herald. A cat, while crawling along the pan try shelve in the home of Thomas GotF, at Louisville, Ky., knocked a loaded pis tol off. When it struck the floor one of the cartridges exploded and the ball from it pierced the heart of Mr. GotFs five-year-old son. Miss Emma Perry, of Sand Francisco, who fell over a cliff seventy feet high, remained unconscious nineteen days, when she recognized her attendants, began taking proper nourishment, and was soon in a fair way to recover. San Francisco Chronicle.' A singular coincidence was the death of Edward Clark, President of the Singer Sewing Machine Company, and An drew J. Clark, President of the New Home Sewing Machine Company, both on the same day, the former at (Joopers town, N. Y., and the latter at Orange, Mass. In a paper on nearsightedness lately read before the New York County Medi cal Society, Dr. W. F. Mittendorf told of a fine horse in Berlin that became in tractable and on examination proved to be suffering from myopia. The owner had a pair of glasses made for it and it became as tractable as ever. Beans raised this season near Roches' ter, X. Y., are affected by what is known in New England as the bean disease. The crop was gathered, stored away in bags, and gave evidence afterward of having "heated." On examination, how ever, this apparent condition was trace able to original heat, aud the beans were found to be alive with vermin. Libraries have their enemies, in the shape of worms, mites and beetles, which destroy the bindings and bore through the leaves of books. A case is ou record in which a small wood-boring beetle (an obium pcrtinax), which operated in a neglected library, was found to have perforated twenty-seven folio volumes in a straight line, making a round hole through which a string could be passed and the whole number of volumes lifted at once. A boy of six years at Cranberry Isle, Me., was the hero of quite a re markable exploit lately, rescuing his pis ter, aged three, who had fallen into a cistern eighteen feet deep, and contain ing five or six feet of water. He pushed back the curb and went down, bringing her up in his arms over the rocks, uniu injured, then, with rare thoughtful ness, undressed her and put her in bed, getting in also himself, to get her dry and warm before his mother returned from au errand. Wau Kee, a Chinese priest at Grass Valley, Cal., has the reputation of being a seer. A lire took place in Chinatown the other day, of which he said he was forewarned while he was asleep iu his .church. He got up at three o'clock and t.ild the Chinese to watch for fire. This was done, and in au hour a woman acci dentally turned over a lamp, and a fire was started. The church was saved. Wau Kee is alw) a weather prophet of at least equal reliability with Venuor. Chicago Times. The Rev. Sunrise Dana, an Oneida Indian, is travelling as a revivalist He tells his congregations that his pious mother called him to her death-beu and asked him to go to a secluded place and pray. He did no, and heard a loud voice from Heaven commanding him to throw away his tomahawk and scalping knife. A treat ball of fire burst over his head, ana other phenomena marked his con version. He adds that his tribe refu.-ed to believe his story and remained scoff ers. N. Y. Sun. A young lady in Dakota has lately advertised for a husband in this exceed ingly practical fashion: " I mean busi ness. If there is any young man in this county that has uo much sand in him as a pound of plug tobacco, I want to hear from him. I have a tree claim and homestead, am a good cook and not afraid of work, and willing to do my part. If any man with a like amount of land, and decent face and carcass, wants a good wife, I can face the bill." Chicaqo News It it asserted that some of the bags of dates which come to this country con tain cannon balls weighing twelve and fifteen pounds. How much better than firing balls at us from the cannon'? mouth it is to thus send them in a quiet, unob trusive way! No blood is spilt, uo bones broken, the sender finds it easier and cheaper than filling his bags exclusively with fruit, and the receiver gets full weight, and therefore cannot complain. This is, indeed, a fruitful cause for con gratulation! yorristown Herald. Although Austrian law fixed no maximum of labor for adults, it it rigor ous as to children. Under ten they may not work in any species of factory, and from ten to twelve only when armed with a municipal permit, granted by re quest of parent or guardian. To get this permit it must be shown that the work will be iu an industrial school or of a kind compatible with schooling. The authorities reserve the right of deciding whether or no the work is suitable for a child. Its duration, too, is strictly regu lated Spokan Ike, of the Klamath Reser vation, who killed a medicine man some time since for alleged 'malpractice, has been hanged. An Indian jury tried him and Agent Nickerson acted as judge and passed sentence. On the scaffold Ike confessed to killing six Indians and two whites. Wliea swung off", the knot twisted around to the back of Ikes head, and his hands being untied, he commenced climb isg up the rope, when two of the Indians present caucht him bv'the' less and held I Jiim down.until.he waa choked -to death. Chicago Times. adsTLegal advertisements at statue rates sTFor transient advertising, see rates on third page. T3"A11 advertisements payable monthly. RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL. Kaasas boasts four womea anaoag her County School Superintendents. The membership of the Protestant Christian Churches in Syria has doubled within the last five years. The grounds, buildings and appa ratus of the universities and colleges of the United Slates are valued at $39,623, 424. Chicago Herald. In India there are no less than thirty-four different Protestant Missionary Societies. Of these twenty-three are European and eleven American. Mrs. Josephine Louise Newcomb, of New York, has contributed $20,000 to the library building fund of Wash ington and sLee University. Lexington. Va. Her late husband, Warren New comb, a few years ago igave $10,000 for the same object. xi Y? Herald. Concerning the ringing of church bells, the Chnstiait at Work says: "if some people tknt like the ringing, coUi ton is still abundant, and a supply can easily be had for filling the cavity of " the auricular tragus and lobule, so as to exclude the vicious vibrations of the terrible ccclesiological tocsin." Rev. Dr. Burns, the Canadian ; "heretic" who sinned by writing a let ter of sympathy to Dr. Thomas, of Chicago, and expressing agreement in his views, has been unanimously ac quittted by the Wcsleyan Methodist Church of Canada, which does not see wherein he is guilty of heresy. Spring field (Mass.) Republican. In Baltimore. Md.. a handsome new Methodist Epicopal Church has been dedicated in memory of Robert Straw-bridge, the first preacher of that denomination in America. The desk is made of wood taken from the first church built by Mr. Strawbridge in Carrol County, Md., in 1794. and the other pulpit furniture from the oak tree under which he preached before there was any "meeting house." St. Louis Globe. The doctrine of sinless perfection was discussed in the General Assembly of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, lately held at Huntsville. Ala Some congregations of this denomina tion have gono as far as the Free Methodists in professions of perfect living. A revision committee advised that lioerty of conscience be allowed on that subject, but by a large vote the following was adopted: "The doc trine of sinless perfection is not author ized by the .Scriptures, and is a dogma of dangerous tendency." X. Y. Sun. There are 537 churches in Phila delphia -a figure which entitles that town to be called "the city of churches" in contradistinction to Brooklyn, and the assessed valuation of this property, according to the official report just published, is S17.000.00U. The largest valuation is that of the Roman Catholic Cathedral ($285,000), and the next largest the Jewish Syna gogue ou Broad street ($"220,000). These figures, of course, represent only a peiceutage of the actual values, but they indicate that religion iu its vari ous forms is not an unknown quantity in the city of brotherly love. X. Y. Times. How to Walk. It may seem & first ridiculous to pre tend to teach grown people how to walk as though the had not learned this in infancy. But we are willing to venture the assertion that not one person in twenty knows how to waik wull. How lew people there are who do not feel slightly embarrassed when obliged to walk across a large room in which are many persons seated so as to observe well'each movement! How many pub lic speakers- there ure wii. appear well upon the platform so long as they re main standing still, or nearly so. but who become almost ridiculous as soon as they attempt to walk about. Good walkers arc scarce. As we step along the street, wc are often looking out for good walkers, and we find them very seldom. What is good walking? We answer, easy, graceful, natural walking. Nearly all the good walkers there are will be. found among gentlemen, since fashion insists on so trammeling a wom an that she cannot walk well, can scarce ly make a natural movement, iu fact. To walk naturally, requires the harmo nious action of nearly every muscle in the body. A good walker walks all over; not with a universal swing aud swagger, as though each bone was a pendulum with its own separate hang ing, but easy, gracefully. Not only the muscles of the lower limbs, but those of the trunk, even of the neck, as well as those of the arms, an: all called into ac tion as natural walking. A person who keeps his trunk and upper extremities rigid while walking, gives one the im pression of au automaton with pedal extremities set on hinges. Nothing could be more ungracefuithan the minc ing, wrigg.ing gait which the majority of young ladies exhibit in their walk. They are scarcely to be held responsi ble, nowever, since fashion requires them to dress themselves in such a way as to make it impossible to walk other wise than awkwardly and unnaturally. We cannot attempt to describe the numerous varieties of unnatural gaits, and will leave the subject with a few suggestions about correct walking. 1. Hold the head erect, with the shoulders drawn back and the chin drawn in. Nothing looks mure awkward and disagreeable than a person walking with the nead thrown back and the nose and chin elevated. 2. Step lightly and with elasticity not with a teetering gait setting the foot down squarely upon the walk and raising it sufficiently high to clear the walk in swinging it forward. A shuf fling gait denotes a shiftless character. But do not go to the other extreme, stepping along like a horse with "string halt." A person with a firm, light, elastic gait, will walk much farther without weariness than one who shuf fles aloug. A kind of measured tread or rhythm in the walk also seems to add to the power of endurance, although, for persons who have long distances to travel, an occasional change in the time will be advantageous. 3. In walking, do not attempt to keep any part of the body rigid, but leave all free to adapt themselves to the varying circumstances which a constant change of position occasions. The arms natur ally swing gently, but not violently The object of this is to maintain ths balance of the body, as also by the gen. tie swinging motion to aid in propell ing the body along. Correct walking should be cultivated. It ought to le taught along with arts and sciences. In our military schools It is taught, but these schools can be at tended by but few. Invalids, especial ly, should take great pains to learn to walk well, as by so doing they will gain more than doable the amouat of benefit thev will otherwise derive from the'ex ercise. Home Hand-Book.