The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, January 10, 1883, Image 1
, T?HE JOURNAL. IfcSUKP EVEIIY WEDSItoUlY, .M. Iv. TURNER &- CO., PronrietorE and Publisher. KATES OP AOTEMTIMIIVC;; JSTBuslness and professional cards of five lines or less, per annum, five dollars. 13 For time advertisements, apply at this office. "tSTLagal advertisements at statue rates. J3TTot transient advertising, sea rates on third page. E3TA11 advertisements payable monthly. 130FFIGE, Eleventh St.. up stairs in Journal Building. . T kk. ms: Per year ... Six month Three mouth Single copies . $' OO . 1 OO SO OS VOL. XIII.--N0. 87. COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 10, 1883. WHOLE NO. 661. (The muvmm k - t ' ) i ' t 'V. .a) n f I F J 1 ir I 1 BUSINESS CAKD3. piOKrVEMU; SBlXITAS, - A TTORNE YS-A 'I -LA W, Up-atairs in Gluck Building, 11th street, Above the New hank. XT J. IIVUNO.I, NUT AMY PUBLIC. 12th Street, 2 doora i-t of lUmmond House, Columbus, Neb. 49l-y rR. 31. M.-IHEIKST'O:, JIESJDENT DENTIST. Oflice over corner of 11th anil North-?t. All operation- first-class- and warranted. MIIUa HAKBKK NIIOH! 11 KN'UY "WOOD, I'koi-'k. t3TKvertliiiiK in rt-class style. Also keep the best of cigars. b-.V 1 KEK Jt RKKBKK, A TTORNEYS A T LA W, . Office on oli M Columbus. Nebraska. 2 tf c (!. A. HILLI10UST,A. -M., M. IK, HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN, tSTTwo Blocks south of Court House. Telephone communication. -l.v A reAI-I-ISTM KOS., A TTORNEYS A T LA W, OJliee upstair- in McAllister's build inj;. 11th M. W. A. McAllister, Notary Public. .1. M. MACKAKLANIN - IS- COWDKIIV. Attsrccy asi H:'.iry PsWe. Cslle-i-r. LAW AND COl.LEiT.OX OFFICE -OH- MACFaRIjAND & COWDERr, Columbus, : : - Nebraska. G KO. . UKIEKY. PAINTER. 13rCarri.it;e, house and sin painting, i;lain;-, paper hanging, kalsoinining, etc. done to onlei. .--hop on 13th fet., opposite Engine House, Coluiubus, Neb. l-y Tf II. RIJM'MK, II tli St., nearly opp. Gluck's store, Sells. Harness Saddles Collar, Whips, Blankets, Curry Combs Brushes, do., at the." lowest po-oible prices. Repair promptly attended to. G "t W. (i.AKU, LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT, JICMJ'IIEEY, NElili. His lands comprise some line tract, in the Shell Cieek VaIc, and the north ern portion ot PI tte county. Taxes paid for non-residents. Satisfaction guaranteed. - v BY HON MILLKTJ, Justiceof the Peace and Notary Public. itvit .Tiii.i.i:ra ATTORNEY AT LAW, Columbus Nebraska. N. B.-lle will gie close attention to all business entrusted tolnm. 248 T OITIrs SCHREIREK, CLACKSMlT. AND WAGON MAKER. All kinds or repairing done on short notice. Hucvir.s Wacons, etc., made to order, and all work guaranteed. j3".SIioii. opposite the " Tatteisall." )lie Street. ' W Ai:SC A: WUVI'COTT, A1"1IIK CHECKERED IIAJtX, Are prepared to furnish the public w th good teams, bugaies nd carriages for all occasions, e-peciall for 'literals. Also conduct a feed and sale stable. 49 I AM E.n PEARSALL IS I'ltKI'AUKIl, WITH PI RST - CLASS A EPA RA TUS, To remove houses :vt reasonable rates. (iie It i III a (Mil. vtotice to 'I'i:a'iii-:k.. J. E. Monnief. Co. Supt., Vill I'f in his oilice :.l the Couit Hoiife u the first aturdny of each uioutli for the purpose of examining applicants for teacher's 4 ertiticates. ami forthe transetton of .my other business jiertaining to schools. ."t'.T-. C OI.I.MIUS lAlil '0. CO I EM HI'S, - XEli., Packers and Dealers ir. -all kinds of Hoir roduct, cash paid for Lie or Dead Hog or irre.ise. Directors.- R. H Henry, Pret.; John Wiggins. See. and 'i'reas.; L. Gerrard, S. Corj-. -, V TAJIK! SALHO.V CONTRACTOR .ND BUILDER. Plans nd estimates supplied for either frame or brick buildings. i;.od work guaranteed. Shop n ISth Street, near t Paul Lumber Yird. Coliiinlin. Ne braska. "ith.i"- D.T. MaHT., M. D. F. -Ciui. M. D.. Deulscher Ariz.) Drs. MARTY2I & SCHUG, U. S. Examining Surgeons, Local Surgeons Union Pacific and O., N..t B. H. R. KV. COLUMBUS. - NEBRASKA. :P-il-.iii- WILLIAM RYAN, 1)EAS IN KENTUCKY WHISKIES Wines, Ales. Cigars and Tobacco. rrTSchilz's Milwaukee Beer constant- V - lj- on hantl.jgj t:lfvk a-kxth t., Columbus. Neb. JS. MURDOCK & SON, Carpenters and Contractors. Havehadan extended experience, and will guarantee satisfaction in work. kinds of repairing done on short notice. Our motto is, Good work and fair prices. Call and give us an oppor tunity tcestiniateforyou. JSTSbop on 13th St., one door west of Friedhof & ";o'. store. C olumbus. Xebr 4S3-V THE COLUMBUS FLAX AND TOW CO., Are prep:u-ed to receive and pay $.".00 per ton for good clean ilax straw (free from foreign substance) delivered on their rrounds near the Creameri1, in Colum bus Nebraska. COLUMBUS FLAX & TOW CO., GEO. SMITH, Ag't. Q oluzstms, Dec 5, 18S2. 33-3m ADVERTISEMENTS. National Bank! COLUMBUS, NEB. Authorized Capital, Cash Capital, $250,000 50,000 OFFICERS N1 DIRECTOR. A. ANDEItSOX. Pres't. SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice PresH. O. T. ItOKN, Cashier. .i.w. i:aki.v, uobkkt iiilio. IIHtMAN OEbLKICII. AW A. MCALLISTER. . ANDERSON, P. ANDERSON. Foreign and Inland Exchange, l-as-itfc Tickcls, Beal "Estate, Loan anil Insurance. 2-vol-13-ly BECKER & WELCH, I'ROl'RIETORS OK SHELL CREEK MILLS. MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE SALE DEALERS IN FLOUR AMD MEAL. OFF I CB, COL VMIi US, NEB. SPE1CE & NORTH, General Agents for the Sale of REAL ESTATE. -j Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific R. R. Lauds for aale-al from $3.00 to $10.00 per acre for caSh, orn five or ten years time, in annual T?fc.ymeiits to suit pur chasers. ' We. have also a large and choi' lot of ottaerlands. imyraved and unimproved, for'sale'at lovj-, price and on reasonable YermiCrfA:-so business and residence lots ftrthe city. IJTe keep a complete abstract of title to tail real es tate in Platte County. , j' 21 ;ohjiiiits, XFB. PESBin BIST! BUY THE Patent Roller Process MINNESOTA FLOUR! ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION, Because it makes a superior article of bread, and is the cheapest Hour in the market. Err-ri sack toarranlcd to rim (iliJce. or movry refunded. HERMAN OEHLRIOH & BRO., crROCKTCS. l-3m LANDS, FARMS, AND AT THE Union Pacfia Land Office, On Lnnif Time and lovx rate of Interest. All wlhi'Jg to buy Rail Road Lauds or lmproed Farms will Hud it to their advantage to call at the U. P. Lund oilice before lookin elsewhere as 1 make a specialty of buying and selling lands on commission; all persons wish ing to sell farms or unimproved land will tind it to their advantage to leave their lands with me lor sale, as my fa cilities for atl'ecting sales are unsur passeil. I am prepared to make final proof for all parties wishing to get a patent for their homesteads. JjSTHenry Cordes, Clerk, writes and speaks Cerinai: SAMUEL C. SMITH, gt. I . P. Land Department, o-JI-r COLUMBUS, NEB WM. BECKER, - - DKA1.-KR IN A1.U KINDS'OF FAMILY GROCERIES! 1 If EEP CONSTANTLY O.N HAN'D A WELL SELECTED Si;OL'K. Teas, Coffees,. Sugar, Syrups, Dried and Canned Fruits, and other Staples a Specialty. OooiIm "Wellvored Free to' any - pnrt of the City. ! 1 AM ALSO AGENT FOR THE CEL- EBRiTED COQTJILLARD. Farm and Spring Wagons, of which I keep a constant supply on hand, but few their equal, lu style and quality, second to none. CALL AND LEARN PRICES. Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near A. &2T. Depot, GITY PROPERTY Our Youiig Keaders. CMSS-CBOSS BABY. A little sprite in bed-cown white. Just fresh from Xodland's Isle, Comes trailing' out with ready-made pout And no sweet morning smile. , But in its place on weebrown faca A blaek and ugly frown. From rosy lips to tinger-tlps I think the scowl went down From turned-up nose to turned-out toot Under the smdl night-xown. O you criss-cross Biby! - Vou criss-cross Baby: You fretful, whining, peevish, plnin. Criss-cross Baby! Silent meeting mother's greeting Of a bright "good morning;" Ami, wors - than this, her proffered ktss Treats with utter scorning. She'll not be dressed, but stands confessed As cross as cross niay be; Then down she sits, and small brow knits. What win the matter be With this criss-cross Baby? This cris-cross Ilaby! This fretlul. whining, peevish, pining, Criss-cross Baby I Come, come, my dearl Your breakfast bora Will get as cold us ice! Here's toust si white, and butter bright, With miik and honey nice. V. hat's this you're crying, sobbing, sighing! What fa amiss with your Drops-the head emly, " I dot tip ' uriir Well, eleitrly. that is true! O you criss-cross Baby, You criss-crosa Baby, You fretful, whining, peevish, pining. Criss-cross Baby! Huston IVanterlpL - m KIM) TO OUR OWN. "Lina!" "Go away." "Say, Liaa!" " Rob, go away, I waut to read." "So do T. Can't you lend mo 3'cttr book?" "No, I can't. Stop your noise." "I know you can't stop nry noise. You told the truth that time. I'll keep still if you'll play checkers with me." "I want to read. 1 tell you. Do go coast ing and let me alone." "Sled's smashed." "Then you might go with other boys on a bob-sled." "Suppose I prefer to cultivate the society of my sweet sister?" No answer. "Lina, my dear, it isn't safe for you to be such a book-worm, for fear you will get stepped on. or some early bird will catch you." Lina having re-read a single sentence a dozen times, at least, gathered her brow into an impatient frown. "O, my!" said Rob, "your forehead's a regular roailroad map! There's a grand trunk lino from j'ottr bangs to tbe bridge of your nose, and ever so many branch roads and lightning express tracks." "There! have it if you want to." cried Lina, suddenly springing up and fling ing the book angrily at Rob. "You are the plagne of my life." " I don't want it, ou kuow I don't; here, take it," an swered Rob, seizing her sleeve to pre vent her leaving the room, and trying to make the book stay in her unwilling hands. But Lina, snatching herself away from him, vas hurrying toward the door when Rob with: "Here, you needn't go, I'm off," vanished with such haste that the slippers got left be hind. Soon after, the outside door was shut with a bang, and Rob, clearing the fence with a whoop and a bound, raced oft" down the street. Lina picked up her book, and putting aside the feeling of late repentance that came over her as Rob disappeared, read on without inter ruption until her mother entered and said: "Limi, 1 wish you would go down st reet and get half a dozen more buttons like this one. I can finish Bes sie's cloak to-night if I have them." "Well, I suppose I must," answered Liu::, reluctantly, running the remain ing leaves of her book under her thumb regretfully. It was a long walk and Lina was gone some time, but when she returned and was Hurrying to the sewing-room with the buttons, she was hailed from the library and entering saw a little white robed ligure with green leaves clinging to it, arid scattered about it in great pro fusion. "Why, Bessie' You haven't picked these leaves off the plants have you?" cried Lina in dismay, seeing the row of naked geranium stalks in the window. " I'se the babes in the woods," replied the little one, gravely. "Iwosmos' tovered up when you tame, now I " " But what are 3011 here all alone for?" interrupted Lina, for it was something unusual for the little mischief of the household to be left to her own sweet will. "And what in the world are you tied for?" added Lina, discovering a cord connecting baby to a bracket on the window-frame. '"'Spets auntie's 'faid I wim 'way," Bessie answered sol emnh, after a thoughful glance at the cord that bound her. She evidently did not quite kuow whether to expect a re buke or not, but after a careful surve3of Lina's puzzled fsico she continued: " I had to tome in here, tause I made s'niuts noise, and, 'sides. Wob's sit." "Rob's sick!" echoed sJLina. "Yes, lawn time ado, units week, seems me, men brought him home all white,1' and Bessie's e3'es grew wide and frightened at the remembrance. Just then, Aunt Nan, passing, the door on her wa3' tip-stairs, pausedrand said in a relieved tone of voice: "I'm glad you've come to look out for Bessie, bhe was in the wa3' so, I had to tie her thenMfhile we were all bus3 with Rob." "What's happened to Rob, auntie?" Lina at last found "j?ee to sa: "He got a blow on the head. A bob-sled ran into a truck wagon," and staviugfor no more words Aunt Nan hurfieu softl3' up-stnirs. and Lina, mechanically "re leasing Be-ssic, seated herself in a low rocker with the child in her lap. "Why don't you say somefint?" whispered fhe little oneafter she had nestled her head down on Lina's shoulder and been quiet for some time. Receiving no answer, and connecting her sister's silence and strange ex pression with her brother's accident, the little creature set about admin istering comfort in her own WTiy. She made no more direct remarks to Lina, but. as if talking solely for her own benefit, said, in a slow, dreamy under tone: "1'se been up-stairs: Wob spote to me once, he did; he smiled wite at me. and said: 'Halloo, puss,' same's he always does. 1 dess he's detting better, I do." After pausing to observe the effect of this soliloquy upon Lina, she added: "Yes. I really iint he jhms' be detting better." But the quiet of the bouse, and the lulling motion of the rocker proved too much for Bessie, .and her comfort ing assurances grew fainterand less fre quent, till at last the white lids were shut tight and she was fast asleep. The long night wore avray at last, but the da3''s silent monoton was scarcely less hard to bear. Ro"b was in high fever and delirious, and the household settled down to a long, hard conflict with death. Lina thought if she could only do something for Rob she could bear it better, but her mother never left hisside, AuutNau was a host in herself, and there was Nora, the help, besides, so Lina's onl3 duty was to fake Bessie over to Grandmother Holland's each morning and bringher home at night One day when she had. been to grand ma's with Bessie, and returning had reached her own gate, the carrier-boy put the weekly paper into her hand, and- as shs went slowly into the hese her eyes fell upon these words iu the poet'a corner: If I had known in tbe morning. How wearily all the day, Th'i words unkind Would trouble my mind, I said when you went awiy, I would then have been more ctreful. Nor given you needless pain; But we vex " our own With look or tone. We might never take back again. For thougb in tbe quiet evening You may give me the kiss of peace, Yet It mltrht bo Thst ue er to me The pain of the heart should cease. How many go forth in tbe morning That never come home at night; And hearts have broken For harsh words spoken. That sorrow eau novcr set right. We have careful thoughts for the Strang. And smiles for the sometime guest; Yet oft for " our own" Tbe bitter tone. Though we love " our own " the best. Ah! lips with tbe curve impatient; Ah! b-nw with look of scorn; 'Twere a cruel fate Wero the night too late To undo the work of the morn. " A cruel fate, indeed," thought Lina, sadly, as she carefully cut the verses from the paper and clasped them into her Bible." "If Rob should die now, I never could forget that impatient words were the last I ever spoke to him. O, 1 wish I had been kinder to him always." But Rob did not die then, and one day during his convalescence, while quietly watching Lina dust the sitting room, he said: "Wrhat is that new song of 3'ours, Lina? I 0UI3' catch a word or two about -our own.'" "Saucy, prying 003" cried Lina, tragically; leveling her feather duster at him, I won't tell you." " O, you just wait till I get well," replied Rob, insinuating'. Years later, Rob saw and read the verses he was curious about, but even then he could not tell wli3' Lina had kept them so long and hummed them so much, but he voted her the best sister a bo3 ever had, whether the poem had anything to do with it or not. Angle M. Moffilt, in Congregationulist. Pulling a Tooth. "That tooth must come out," said mamma. Because, 30U see, it was loose, and there was auewtooth pushing right along behind it. "It'll hu-urt!" said Callie, with a doleful quaver. "Not much, I guess," answered mamma, cheerfully. "Open 3'our mouth, dear," and she managed to tie a strong linen thread around the tooth before Callie shut her mouth again, tight. "Ica-aw have it pulled!" said she. "Very well," said mamma, vexed a little, " 3'ou must keep the string around it until 3ou can." Then Callie's trials began. Papa was going over to the village, and he said Callie might go with him. But how could she, with that awful string hang ing out of her mouth? "Ma3' be I can pull it, now," said Callie. "Count ten, mamma." "One-two-three-four- live-six -seven-eight-nine-t-e-n," counted mamma, with long pauses. "Oh, I can't!" cried Callie. And she didn't; and papa went to the village without her. It was almost Fourth of July, and there was to be a picnic in the grove, and Nannie Slater said her mother was going to make curraut-pies; Callie liked currant-pies above everything else, to eat. But 3-011 can't go to the picnic with that string." said mamma. So, one day, Callie went out on the door-step and sat down to think it over. Joe was splitting wood in the 3ard. Joe was papa's chore-boy. " I'll tell Vou how to pull it," said he. "How?" asked Callie. " Hitch it to the door-knob and then open the door," said Joe. "If you're 'fraid 'twill hurt, you needn't open it but a little." " Well, I will," said Callie; and she tied one e.d of her "tooth-string" to the door-knob. But it wasn't a mite of use. for when jhe opened the door she walked right in after it. J.oe's e3Tes began to laugh. "I guess I'll get a drink of water," said he. He went in, and pretty soon he wanted to come out again. "Go e-easy! o-oh!" screamed Callie. But Joe didn't go a bit easy. He banged the door open so quick that Cal lie couldn't keep up with it. And there hung her tooth on the door-knob. "What made 3-011?" she demanded, and she sat down to cry about it. But when she found it didn't bleed the least mite, nor hurt any, she began to laiMh instead. JP " Anyway, now I can go to thRcnic and have some currant-pie,' said, "and that's one i'-comfort JYoidis1 Companion. Remarkable Results in the Red Hirer f- Valley. The magnificent agricultural results achieved in the Red River Valle3' in Northwestern Minnesota and North eastern DaMfa, have caused such a tide of emignjMn to the fJtWTred region that the Govermuent lands which are availa ble under the Pre-emption, Homestead and Tree-culture acts are nearly all oc cupied. As an instance of the immense inllux of settlers, the Grand Forks land district, which covers 111 townshJpRu tnc northeastern portion of DajjfPwas established in 1880, and of yJKtal 2, 457,440 acres onty 2G6,2fijpRores re mained untakeu on fle 1, 1882. During the first yearjRJ, there were l.OG-.V-'HO acres takBrp, and in 1881 there were 1, 128,940)069 entered upon. Premising that each settler took an much land as he in entitled to under the Government laws, an interesting calcu lation of lafrincrease iu population car be madeiSI Every settler has a right, to either a pre-emption and a tree-culture claim, or the latter iu connection with a home stead, each combination amounting to "120 acres. But on3' one tree-claim can be taken in a section, hence theqf were :.428 of such claims available.and taken in the district, each representing an in dividual. The figures, hpwever, indi cate but one-third of the new comers, as, after the fortunateSettler has taken his homestead or prel-emption and tree claim, there still remain two morequar ter sections procurable under the other acts. Thus on the 2,101,178 acres, or 3,423 sections, entered through the Grand Forks office, there must have been noJess than 10,269 individuals, and, allowing only three persons as the aver age number in a settler's family, it is seen that 30,807 people have'found .homes in this prolific district, which covers an area of only about fortj'-two b3' ninety miles, during the past two seasons. Supposing that each of these 10,269 freeholders has forty acres in wheat, a total of 8,215,200 bushels would be produced at twenty bushels per acre. Surety it is time the Turtle Mountain Indians made way for civilization- St. Paul Pionttr Press. The Snez Canal. When Napoleon sent his engineers to take the levels across the Isthmus of Suez in order to determine the practica bility of digging a canal through tite sand for commercial purposes, they made out that the surface of the Gulf of Suez was thirty feet higher than the Mediterranean, and so the project was for the time given up. The blunder in Ihe survey was not discovered until 1840, when new schemes began to be agitated for cutting a ship channel that would shorten the voyage from Europe to India and the East'by almost the en tire distance around the continent of Africa. In 1854 M. de Lesseps formed a canal company and obtained a grant from the Viceroy of Eg3'pt lor ninety-nine 3'ears. The scheme was looked upon with sus picion by British engineers and British capitalist and the inception and prose- meal and are about leaving, tilt them cution of the enterprise were largely jw, back in their chat anrt com. cue to the trench. In 18oi the work was oegun, ami ten years later tne - m Aicu uva tftui nit; iiicuuviiauuaii iiiui. ill Ai. .in . ,..r. ii ...... .........rkn . ...nr ... the Bitter Lakes. The 1 total length ol the canal is not far from 100 miles. about sevent3'-five miles of the course being formed b3 excavation and twent3 -five miles lying through the shallow lakes of the isthmus, which, in many places, required deepening. The onli nar' width of the canal is 32.1 feet at tho surface aud seventy-two feet at the bot tom, the depth of the water being twenty-six feet. There are no locks throughout its course, and its termini are Suez, at the entrance to the Gulf of Suez on the south, from which point there are railroads to Cairo and Alex andria aud a " fresh-water canal" to the Nile, and Port Said at the margin of the Mediterranean on the north. The building of an artificial harbor at each terminus, with the necessary protec tions, was reckoned a greater under taking than the excavation of the canal itself. The work was formally opened on the 17th of November, 1869, and on the 25th it was publicty announced that Lord Beaconstield had purchased from Ismail Pasha, who had become viceroy of Egypt under the title of Khedive, 176,602 out of the 400,000 shares of 20 each. The Bum paid was 4.080,000, and the commissions to the Rothschilds and other expenses of the transaction amounted to about 100,000 more. B3' the terms of transfer the Government receives interest at five per cent, on the shares till the -ear 1894, after which it is to receive the full dividends. There are three members of tho Board of Di rectors representing the interest of the British Government, one of whom is a resident director in Paris, where he has hitherto acted in perfect accord with the French majority in the director)'. The following table, compiled b)' the New York World, shows the enormous tratlic that has passed through the canal aud paid tolls since it was opened: Year. Vcwel. To:naije. Receipts. 1S7J 48J 435,911 $1,031,865 ife'l 765 76M7 ,79S,74$ 1873 1,033 1.4XMG9 3.281,513 1873 1.173 2,035,073 4.579.IW 187 1.281 2.423J72 3,971,877 1875 1,491 2.1M0.703 5. 777,20) 187C 1,457 3,072,107 5.095,000 1S77 1,663 . 3.418.PI9 e,:m,869 1878 1.593 8,201.535 6,219,fU6 1818 1,477 3J.9I2 5,H37,212 HM) .2.023 4,344,519 6,W.000 1881 2,7J7 5,701,000 10,251,800 In 1870 England furnished 64 per cent of the tonnage which sought that channel; in 1871, 65; iu 1872, 70; in 1873, 69; In 1874 and in 1875, 71; in 1876, 73; in 1877, 78; in 1878, 79; in 1879, 77; in 1880, 79; and last year 82 per cent, or more than four-fifths of the whole amount. It will readily be seen that although England does not own a controlling in terest in the corporation, she is never theless under superior obligation to keep the canal open to commerce. When the Russo-Turkish war broke out in 1877 there were fears lest Russia, taking ad vantage of the fact that the canal' was in the territor)' of a Turkish dependen cy, might seize or blockade it, but En gland lost no time in declaring that the canal should be neutral, ami in pointing out the fact that its unobstructed navi gation was essential to every State in Europe. That necessit3' still exists, and upon Great Britain, as the power that can least afford to have the highway to India closed, falls tho burden of re straining Arahi Pasha and his anii3' to such an extent that they shall not have the ability to interfere with the canal. Detroit Post and Tribune. Manners at Table. Is there a code of proper conduct con nected with one's knife and fork, one's spoon and glass and plate at the table? In 4V Alt !sl.f- - It an ra j-k Vifkl rl s.i va - I r 4 rv Dyh wo d ifitwuliay unless it were tightly secured ?-to play with your bread and crumble it all over the place, when 3ou are not eating it as if for dear life all through the pauses between the various dishes? to hold up your knife and fork in mid-air. suspend ing operations while 3'ou talk to 3'our neighbor, dancing your food on tiie point of the prongs till 3ou have fin ished your remarks? Or, if 3011 do not do this, then industriously endeavoring to do two things at once, eating while 3'ou talk, talking while you eat, to the imminent danger of accidents better im agined than described? Yet man worth' souls and well-dressed bodies commit these abominations with light hearts and a clear conscience. Also man' drink with their mouths full, as well as shovel in supplies on supplies before they have disposed of the first or half-masticated the second all of which are sin against the moralit3 of the din ner table, so far as the best law-givers have as 3'et gone ou the sub cct. To refrain from picking bones with one's fingers and not to eat with one's knife are of the ven' elements of good breeding; and the first lesson taught in ever3 well-conditioned household is that these are table sins which nothing can excuse. We have seen ladies at hotel tables hold their chicken boue or cutlet shank between their daint3 fingers and thumbs while they gnaw off the meat with their pearl3 teeth as neatly as would Fido, the lap-dog. Then the3 will suck their lingers one after another, and wipe the residue on their napkins, smiling and glorious, conscious that the3 have left no waste, and enjo3'ed to the last fiber the good things provided for them. This monotonous use of the fork and craven fear of the vulgarit3' h'ing in the spoon seems to us simple table snob ber). It is a well-Known axiom that the ' fork is to be used in preference to the spoon when possible and convenient. . But the people who use it always when ! scarcely possible and decidedh; incon- j venient are people so desperately afraid of not doing the right thing that the) do the wrong out of fear of " Mrs. 1 Grundy." Is it not better to use a spoon where j slipperiness is an element! Some peo- pie hunt their ices with a fork, and oth- ' era stick their small trident into jelly at the risk of seeing the whole thing slip 1 cfl' like a gobl-colored soak. I We sometimes see people put little heaps of salt on the table-cloth by the side of their plate, into which they dip radishes, and sometimes the edge of a piece of meat. This goes along with resting the elbows on the tabid and reaching across one's neighbor to" help themselves to a dish that just suits their taste, and they cannot wait to be served. We see these things done at restauranl tables more frequently than anywhere else, and we presume it is because they pay for what tliey get and do not con sider it incumbent upon them to be po lite there. Another thing we see that is wholly unpardonable the .use of tooth-picks where another person is still eating. This we think is the worst feature of all. Many a time have we turned from our food with dislike for it, caused by seeing those who having finished their selves back in their chair ana mence the iirncpsa tt nlonnincr their M1W lf VWWk S VtVIIUIH teeth with a tooth-pick. Of course it is . . - soldmri that, tvnmnn r orniltir nf tliia unpardonable act, and tLose having the least delicacy of feeling will never do it There is no reason why politeness should not l.o carried to the public ta ble, nor Avh it should be taught onh' at the home table. It is at the public ta ble where good breeding tells; and per haps in no better wa3 than the graceful handling of knife, fork and spoon. Itural New Yorker. The Wolf as a Reformer. One da3' a Wolf, who had been pon dering deeply for a whole week, start ed out ou a walk through tho Forest. Meeting a Jackal, he said: " My Friend, pause for a little time while 1 give 3"ou a few words of ad vice. You are a cross, snarling creat ure, hated by men and "despiseuby all the Creatines of the Forest- Let me" hope that 3'ou will mend 3'our ways and reform." "Ho! ho! ho! but 3'ou are a pretty specimen to give me advice!" sneered the Jackal. "Wiry, it isn't a mouth since you devoured an old woman and chased a Professor of Elocution into the River!" The Wolf passed on until he met a H)-ena. B3 that time he had recovered his cheek, and he worked up a sad, sweet smile and observed: "My dear Mr. Hyena, )'ou would be an ornament to society if 3-ou would cut vour nails and clean 3'oiir teeth. Let me hope that )'ou will cease 'our depredations and become an honest, conscientious animal." That's nice Ltlkfrom an old wretch who lies iu ambush for children!" re plied the Hyena. " Why, if I was half as meau as you are I'd want some dy ing' Jack-Rabbit to kick me to death!" The Wolf next met a Fox, and after the usual salutations regarding the backward condition of the crops the Reformer began: "M3- Friend, I feel it my duty to ad vise you to quit stealing spring chick ens aud get jour living in an honest manner. Show the world that 3'ou want to be good and respectable and 3'ou will soon be beloved and honored." "Taffy!" grinned Reynard "taffy on a chip! You old villain, )'ou'd bet ter own up to some of the dozen mur ders 3'ou have committed'" Th'e Wolf next met an Owl, and when they had compared notes on the Malley trial the Reformer said: "M3' dear friend, why is it that neither the Jackal, the Hyena nor the Fox will receive my advice to reform?" "My venerable fellow traveler," slowly replied the Owl. " reform should begin at home. Wash up get rid of 3'our bad breath clean out your den quit stealing and murdering drill some decenc3' into 'our own family, and then come and see us." mokal: It is the mon in State Prison most lament the wickedness of siders. Detroit Free Press. who out- The Exploits of a Pet Hen. One of our Marion County lady friends had a pet hen which felt quite at home anywhere in the house. Quarterly meeting was close at hand ami the preacher was coming; eggs were scarce, and onh; a few dozen could be had. The lail was flying aiound in a great huny getting read) to cook up the cake and other nice things, while the hen was poking around in the house hunt ing for a suitable placj to make herself a nest; she decided that the wash-bowl, sitting on the water-shelf, was the very place, but before she could be suitably r?.e bowl fell to the lie ' Jke in o a thousand p es. lioor ana This vexed our lady friend a little, but she kept her temper like a Christian, and went on about her work. It wasn't long before the hen had tumbled from the table to the Hoor a whole set of I plates. This would have been a sore trial to patient old Job. but the lady ' went on with her work, humming "Sweet-by-and-b3'," to keep up hei spirits. Now the new spring hat sat on the center table in one of the rooms, where some of the lady neighbors who I had dropped in to see it had left it, and it was on the bandbox the lad)" had in her huny set a pan with five dozen eirgs (all that she had to make cakes for the preachers) and hurried into the store-room. The pet hen came piroute ing around in the room, and right into the pan of eggs she nestled, and. of course, the bandbox, pan and eggs all tumbled to the floor. There was a gen eral mixture that is, the eggs and the hat became one and the same. When the lady, attracted by the noise, got to the door and saw the condition of things, she was m-id, good mad, very mad. She could afford for the wash-bowl and new plates to be broken, but for all the eggs she had to go into the cak to be broken, and the hat ever lastingly ruined, was too much for her Christian resignation, and, in the lan guage of "Uncle" Steve Pearson, when tho hog turned over his sirup, she wanted to turn over the house. The lady weighs considerably oer a hun dred, and the da)' was warm, but she ran that hen down, and mentally vowed that the preacliers should cat her. For safe-keeping the hen was put in a strong coop. In an hour the hen was found in ' the wood-box, setting in the corner of the room, and there were found two eggs. 1 This is a fact, and he who must consult our lighting Marion County (Ga.) Argus. doubts it editor. A man while looking from the win dow of an emigrant car near L3ons, N. Y.. the other da3, had his hjad crushed by some object along the road, and died shortly afterward. - A Washington reporter has a new synonym or tisuro of speech for a grave. He calls it tent whose ourtain swings." the low, greuu nivr' uutwui'j A Monster Watermelaa. As a general thing, it Is a difficult mat ter to send a ripple across the placid bosom of this quiet community, but just now there is visible a simmer of excite ment and expectancy. Mr. John Miller, the "boss watermelon raiser," hasa melon which will be ripe by Saturday, and which for size is expected to eclipse all his fornfer productions and take the cake from the whole State. The melon is six weeks old, and has grown to an enormous size, and has not yetcalled a halt. It now weighs over sixty-five pounds, and it is expected that by the time it ripens it will weih over seventy, and it may goto scventy-hve. The melon is of the "Cuban Queen variety, and isshortand "square shouldered." In appearance it resembles the rattlesnake melon except that it is not as ''long drawn out," being shorter and longer around. The largest water melon that Mr. Miller has ever raised heretofore was a sixty-four pounder, which was raised a year or two ago, and which, when cut into sections like a barrel-hoop and the pulp removed, left a rind through which the body of a large man could easily be slipped. In fact, your correspondent saw Mr. Miller slip a section of the rind over his head and hotly. This feat was easily accomplished, although Mr. Miller weighs in the neigh borhood of 200 iounds. The next largest that he ever raised wasasixt'-two pound melon, which was raised in the year preceding that iu which the sixty-four pound melon was raised. This stead3 increase in the size of his brag melons, from sixty-two to a probable seventy-five pound melon, leads one to wonder where the end will Iw. Your correspondent asked Mr. Miller to give him the secret of his success. Taking the scribe by the arm he led him into the patch, where the vines ran in every direction, and the bees buzzed about the yellow bloom, while the big mellons looked lazy as their backs, streaked with green and yel lowish white, lay upturned to the sun. The ground was covered with straw, and the finest melons were just visible through the straw that was piled about them to hide them from the burning rays of the August . sun. Beside each of fhe largest melons were sticks stuck in the ground to show how fast the melon was growing and when it had stopped grow ing an evidence that it was ripe. As Mr. Miller passed through the patch he reached down and "pulled" a shabby looking specimen about twice the size of aonan head. The newspaper man no ticed, also, that there were quite a num ber of the smaller melons lying around loose in the patch, and accordingly inquired-the cause of such an apparently wanton destruction of melons. "If I get two melons to the vine I am satisfied," replied Mr. Miller. "I try to make my vines bring me an average of two melons, hut I will not take even two at the sacrifice of their size. I pulled that melon because it is' dwarfish. It would never be anything itself, but it would damage the big melon you see over there near the root of the. vine. I believe in the survival of the fittest, therefore the bad melons must go to the wall. You ask me about the secret of my success. Thero is no secret about it. The old farmers shake their heads and say there is some secret alxmt my way of cultivating my crops, but I tea you if there is any secret it is the secret of hard work and common sense. I go into this piece of ground to plant my melon patch, and I dig the holes ten feet apart and about nine inches deep. Into each hole, which I make about two or three feet across, I put a shovelful of stable ma nure. I then go around the hole with mv shovel and throw in the top earth, which I thoroughly mix up with the manure in the hole. Then I plant the seed, and when the vines come on I prune them and take care of them iu a careful, sensi ble sort of way. I know when a vine needs pruning by its appearance, but I could not describe it to you to save my life. I simply know it, and that's the end of it. I know this much, that if you prune a vine when it does not need it you injure it, and if you do not prune it when it needs it it will be injured. This is all I can tell you. It is a secret that will have to be learned by actual ex perience, and I could not teach it to you in a dozen years, unless I could show you the vines when they needed pruning. Then, as I told you, I pull the sorry melons and throw them away, so that they will not be a useless drain on the vines." "Do you ship melons away?" "I sell all my melons right here at Stone Mountain. What is the use in shipping melons when I can take them down the street here and sell them at from 50 cents to $1 apiece? Young man, let me give you a secret that is a secret. I can tell you how I sell my melons for three or four times as much as other peo ple get for theirs. People like anything that looks nice. Therefore, when I pull my nice melons my blooded melons, you may say I pack them, stem down ward, in my wagon body an long as one will go in with just one layer. I pack fresh-looking straw in the bottom and around the sides and on top, and when I drive my team into town my melons look fine .as they lie in the wagon body like eggs in a case. I never Jet a man or boy touch one of them. If a man comes up to buy a melon, I let him look at them and.pick out the one that he wants, and I sell it to him, guaranteeing it to be all right, and I Have never yet bad one brought back to .me." Atlanta, Ga., Constitution. A. Bosniac on Bankruptcy. While one of the Bosniac delegates who waited upon the Emperor Franz Josef at the Hofburg, a few weeks ago, was staying in Vienna, the owner of the hotel in which he lodged become a bank rupt Hearing of his host's mishap, the worthy Beg sought an explanation of the term 'bankruptcv," and, having thor oughly mastered its meaning, proceeded, on his return to his native village, to im- fart his information to sundry of the 'aithful, his near relatives and close family connections. "This, O my broth ers," he observed, "is the true and proper way to become a bankrupt First )ou must hire a shop. Then you write to rich merchants in. far-distant cities, In viting them to forward their wares to you for sale, and pledging yourself to pay them within a few months. As Boon as you fehall receive sufficient mer chandise you mustsell it for cash or hide it carefully away. Then you must go to the Judge and say to him, "Beloved of Allah 1 I am a bankrupt. Here are five pounds. They are all I have in the world." The Judge will keep four of the five pounds and proclaim your bank ruptcy; the other pound will be divided' among those who supplied you with goods." Later on you will' remove to an other town, and begin this good and easy business over again. Thus may the pass ing bitterness of. insolvency be converted into the abidlng'sweetness of a comforta-' ble independence. Be chesm I Upon my head be it!" London- Daily Telef.afk. PACTS AND FIGURES. Confederate $1,000 bills have lately been selling in Atlanta, Ga,, for $2, and $ 100 bills for 25 cents. During tho past fiscal year 46,633 agricultural patents were issued from the General Land Office at Washington. Chicago Journal A statistician estimates that the people of the United States have to pay twent)-three dollars a minute for Con gress while in session. The crops of cotton and corn ia Texas will be the largest ever raised in the State. The acreage of cotton is 23, 450 acres over last year, and of corn 40,850 acres. St. Louis Globs. The root and herb establishment in Carroll Count)-, Va., is said to be tho larg est on this continent, 8,000 pounds of roots being taken in every week. Within a radius of thirty miles there are over 2,000 varieties of medicinal flo ra, of which over 1,200 specimens have been collected. The Suez Canal is ono of tho most valuable pieces of property in the world. The net profits last year were over $5,000,000. This was an increase of over 23 per cent over the profits of the previous 3ear. Each ship that passes through the. canal pavs a little over 20 cents a ton. N Y. Herald. During the past six months 92 per sons, aged 90 and upward, died in Phil adelphia. Of these 17 were men and 75 were women. Fjve of the women were centenarians, and one man, the oldest of the lot, was James McTague, who bad reached the ago of 109. Thero were also 178 men and 311 women who were SO or beyond it when death called them away. These statistics prove that women are the longest lived. Philadel phia Br cord. Tho coal-fiolds of Alabama cover 10.860 square miles, and the coal is all bitumiuuous, but differs widely in qual ity. The best coal iu the State, and iu fact in the United States, being fully e.uial to English cannel coal, is the Montuvnllo coal. No industry in the State has had so rapid a growth as tho coal industry. In 1872 ont)-10,000 tons were mined in the State; in 1879 the annual output had been swelled to 290, 000 tons'; in 1880 to 310,000 tons, and in 1881 to 400.000 tons. -Chicago Times. The overseers of the poor in Boston have $525,828 in trust funds, the in come of which is annually distributed for specific purposes, in accordance with the desires of the donors, or dis posed of b)- the overseers for the best interests of those whom the3 deem en titled to receive it. The largest of these funds is the " David Sears char ity," amounting to $260,645. Other largo funds are the Boylston education fund, amounting to 8120,181, and the Pemberton general fund, amounting to 101,602. WIT AND WISDOM. Shallow men believe in luck; strong men believe in cause and effect. You can have what 3'ou like in this world, if you will but liko what you have. Said a fond husband to his wife: "My dear, I think I'll buy you a. little dog." "Oh. no!" she replied, "do not! I prefer giving )ou all my affec tions!" Progress. Here lies a man whose earthly race Is ruu; He raised tho hammer of a Towllng gun. And blew into the muzzle Just lecuuse He wished to kuow If it was loaded and It was. S-nn'rcUIt Journil. Mr. Editor: Will you please answer who was "David's wite's mother?" and you will greatly- obligu a reader. Liz zie. Certainly, with plesisure. David's wife's mother was David's mother-in-law. Philadelphia Nt ivs. An accordeon factory at Long Isl and, N. Y., was destroyed b3' fire a few days ago. The police are looking for the incendiary. It is supposed tho peo- Ele want to present him with a valua lo testimonial. -Norrittoum Herald. Gus De Smith called at a very fash ionable house on Austin avenue a few days ago and acted so quecrly that when that lady's husband came homo, she said: "What is the matter with young De Smith? He acted so strange ly. 1 think there must be a screw loose about him somewhere." "Reck on not I saw him this morning, aud he was tight all over." Texas SiJ lings. A store up-town has a sign which reads: "This is a tin-storo." An old inebriate staggered in recently, and aft er a good deal of fumbling in his pock et, put five cents on the counter. "What do you want?" asked the proprietor, indignantl). "Wa-wa-want a-a d-d-d-drink!" "This is not a liquor saloon!" said the proprietor, with awful empha sis. "Wha-wha-what! ' said the drunk en man, astonished. "WI13, Jo-Jo-Jones said I could get a horn here!" N Y. Tribune. A good adviser sa3's: " Next to the love of her husband, nothing so crowns a woman's life with honor as the devo thn of a son to her. We never knew a boy to turn out badly who began by fall ing in love with his mother. Any man may fall in love with a fresh-faced girl, and the man who is gallant to the girl may cruelly neglect the poor and weary wife in after 3'ears. But the big boy who is a lover of his mother at middle age is a true knight, who will love his wife in the sere-leaf autumn as he did In the daisied spring. There is nothing so beautifully chivalrous as the love of a big boy for His mother. Boys, think of this." Sympathetic and Combative. ' It is not often that one finds the sympathetic and combative elements of Irish character more finely blended than they are in the following stor3': "Teddy Kelly was emplo3'ed as a section hand on a railroad, lu an mi' guarded moment he undertook to occu p) the main track instead of allowing the priorit" to an express train that was overdue. After tin- train passed it was discovered that Teddy had been disfig ured almost be3'ond" recognition. His Emerald coadjutors gathered around the remains, bemoaned the untimely taking off of their comrade, and re marked what a pity it was that the poor fellow should have been so horribly mangled. After their Hood of grief had spent its force it w:ts suggested that ono of their number be sent to break the sad news as tenderly a- possible to Mrs. Kelly. Mr. Patrick Dolan was unani mously elected to perform this mourn-" ful service He hurriedly betook hinw self to the Kelly mansion and knocked at the door with enough severit) to sug gest the hurling of a young thunder bolt In a'few moments the woman of the house was in the presence of the visitor, and the following conversation occurred: "Dolan -Is the Widdv Kelly in?' "Woman -No; the Widdy Kelly does'nt live here, but I'm Mrs. Kelly.' "Dolan 'You're a liar, for the corusa is just conihi' around the corner! 'htr Continent- i&.