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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 27, 1882)
' THE JOURNAL.
WEDNESDAY. DEC. 27, 1882.
XsUrl it Us PestoSn, Cdiata, Keb., u siwal
fhrpposo that wo could read as In a book
The moon' enchantments all romantic lore
Learned by the heart in her bewitching: look
Ana every secret of her charm explore:
What legends of sweet inn an would sate oar
And sumptuous pictures of untold desire 1
What miracles of tenderness surprise
And hopes ablaze with Pentecostal are I
' With pages writ in ecstasies and tears.
Ana yearnings that have never bad a tongue!
What loves, ambitions, lamentations, fears.
What hymns of Beauty that are yet unsung 1
Into what realms of wonder, what strange bow
ers, What palaces of pleasure, would we go!
What music lull us, and what flowers
Of unknown incense would about us blow!
What seas of mystic splendor would we sail.
Enchanted isles and fairy shores along,
And muse in gardens where the nightingale
Interpret! the o'erloaded heart in song!
Even now I hear youth's passionate appeal,
Pleadings of parched lips that thirst to meet.
Great sobs of Joy that years of anguish heal.
And Love's first kiss that makes a life-time
And beauteous beings follow shapes that fade.
And white hands droop that sacred treasures
And some in ghastly landscapes grow afraid.
And find the paths that once looked bright'
O wistful faces 1 rapt, uplifted eyes I
Prior foet bewildered with a tearless Ttaln!
And still earth's long processions rise tmdt
And dream their moonlight dream of buss
Tell rae the charm, dear girl, this balmy eve.
That makes the luscious languor of thy;
How do the moonbeams with thy (ancles
Aad common things transfigure to romance?
No wonder infants, seeing things unseen.
Beach rosy hands to clasp thee, shining
That pure-eyed maidens at their casements
And hear a voice that only virgins hsar;
That something In thy luster overflows
From Heaven, like echoes of a low-breathed
And lovers' lips cling closer, till life's rose
With perfect sweetuess blossoms every
White on the valley slopes the splendor lies.
Touching a holy mound where pnnsies blow;
And in my heart, from 'depths of viewless
Burns one soft beam that lights the way I go.
Horatio Nelson Powers, in Harper's Magazine.
BESSY'S FAIRY GODMOTHER.
Little Bessie believed in
though her mother smiled
her uead when she asked:
: "Did you
ever see a iairyr '
At the time my story begins Bessy
sat on the window-sill with a great book
open on her knee, straining her eyes
to catch the last words of the most de
lightful story she nad ever read. It
was all about fay godmothers, shoes
filled with golArana other wonderful
things to be found in such books.
As the light died out of the sky, and
a soft purple mist settled down upon
the hill-tops ahe sighed and closed her
book, for thevzT? was done.
Bessy's fatJLer a&' mother were away
from homft, and shKwas alone that
i hom&, and snTk.ws
evening. JThe sound olv'
voices and the
ing en dishes uuuio fro
le crickets nad boginr their
evenxg song; the lanes were growing
dark and mysterious. .Bessy could im
agine a fairy head peeping from every
tall flower by the garden gate, and the
Qneen of them all seemed to bow to
hor from the tall white lily in the pansy
Bessy thought if ever fairy appeared
to mortal child, it would be on such a
night as this. And now, to crown all,
just at the end of the lane appeared a
light, moving backward and forward.
First it would bob down, and then up
quite high, among the bushes.
At last Bessy could bear it no longer,
and made up her mind to solve the
mystery. So she stepped out of the
window on the porch, and then softly
over the grass, for she was afraid Ann
would hear her and call her back.
She said to herself: "If it should be a
fairy glow-worm lighting the fairies to
their dancing ground, Ann would
frighten them away, she is so big and
So'down the path she went on tiptoe.
Hardly daring to breathe, she pushed
open the gate, and looked down the
Bessy thought the light had disap
peared. But bv-and-by it came again,
moving in the "same strange manner.
Although she trembled a great deal, she
went bravely on. It was only a short
lane leading to the ma;n road, and shut
in on one side by a large clump of trees.
It was at the foot of one of these trees
. that the light seemed to bo standing
At first Bessy crept softly on, keeping
it in sight How dark it had grown!
The light shone from the bushes like a
fallen star. When Bessy was within a
few feet of the light, she was aston
ished to see a face peering out of the
darkness, its eyes fixed on her with
anything but a pleasant expression.
The light went out, and Bessy, wish
ing j-Ee was safe at borne, turned to
scamper back, when a heavy hand was
laid onher shoulder, and the light
flashed in her face.
She now saw it was a lantern car
ried by a very small and disagreea
ble old woman dressed in black, and
her head covered with a red handker
chief. In one hand she 'held the lan
tern, and under her arm was a crooked
Now, when Bessy saw the stick, she
was sure it was a fairy godmother, for
the old woman was exactly like the de
scription of the fairy in her new book.
The ugfy black stick was her wand. So
she whispered, timidly:
"Are you a fairy godmother?"
"A what?" growled the old woman.
"A fairy godmother," repeated Bes
sy. ""Oh, yes, yes; to be sure I'm a
fairy. If you tell any one you saw me,
I'll bring bad luck on your house."
"Please, please don't," sobbed Bes
sy. "I'll never, never tell any one."
"Well, shut up, then," said the fairy,
"and don't make such a noise."
Bessy was not frightened now, for she
remembered that fairy godmothers were
always cross, and said hateful things
just before they granted three wishes.
So she said, softly:
" Will 'you please give me three wish
" I'll give you three slaps if you don't
get out r'ght off," grumbled the old
"Please, please," prayed Bessy. 'Til
do anything you tell me' if you will give
me three wishes."
"I don't believe
you. You ain't got
" Oh yes, I have," said Bessy,
do you live?" asked the
"Just down the lane, close by."
"Yoa do, do you? I didn't see no
house,1' said the fairy, in a startled
"That's because mother and father
are out, and there's no light in the front
loom," replied Bessy.
-"Arc you all alone?" asked the
"No," replied Bessy; "Ann and Lucy
re at home."
Mamma's two servants.'
Any men at the house?"
"Notnow," answered Bessy. "Moth
er took Peter to drive. They 11 be back
soon, I think."
The old fairy turned out the light and
tat down on the ground; then she
pulled Bessy down by her, and put- her
hand on the little girls shoulder. "Now
renember," she began, "yoa promise
mmvmr tn fall artHrwltr
I promise true and sure I never
will, if you'll give me three wishes to
night" But Bessy wondered if all fairies
smelled so of tobacco.
"Will you do just what I tell you?"
asked the fairy.
"Yes," saia Bessy, nodding her head
very hard, "I wilL"
"Let's hear your three wishes, then"
growled the fairy.
"First, I want my shoes and papa's
and mamma's filled with gold. Then I
want an invisible cap for myself, and
"Now stop," interrupted the old
fairy; "you've had four a'reidy."
" No," answered Bessy, "that's only
two. Papa's and mamma's and my
shoes filled with gold is one wish.
" Let me see," pondered Bessy,
guess you may give me happiness
the rest of my life, and that's all.
All right" returned the fairy god
mother, "you'll find them waiting for
vou at three in the morning, if you do
what 1 tell you to."
I'm ready," said Bessy.
"You just run home, and bring me
the big key of the fronj, door."
"But papa said I must not touch that
Besides, he would miss it, for he always
locks the door himself, and hangs the
key up by the hat stand."
"I shan't keep it," said the fairy.
"I'll give it right back. You see, if I
didn't know the size of the key-hole, I
mightn't send a fairy small enough to
Oh!" said Bessy.
"Is the door fastened any other
way?" asked the old fairy.
"Yes," said Bessy; "a big bolt at the
bottom, but it's broken. Papa said he
must send a man to fix it, but he
"All right You run as fast as you
can, and don't let any one see you,
or the spell will be broken. Remem
ber." 'I know," replied Bessy; and she
sprang up and flew down the lane,
through the gate, and up the steps. She
could near Ann and Lucy still talking
and laughing in the kitchen, but no one
seemed to be thinking of her; so she
drew the key out softly, and ran back,
thinking how delighted her father and
mother would be in the morning. Bessy
found the old fairy waiting in the same
She snatched the key, and said: 'Til
be back in a moment," and vanished
into the darkness. Bessy was almost
wild with excitement but she kept as
quiet as she could, and presently the
Her first words astonished Bessy:
"Have you a dog?"
"Yes,"" answered Bessy, "but he's
the best dog that ever lived. He never
bites any but bad people, and his name
"What do you do with him at
"Why, we let him run around the
garden to keep away thieves."
"You do, do you? That's right"
said the old fairy. "You just give
him this fairy meat; it will keep him
from barking at the fairy I send, and
scaring her away." - '
" Yes, isEu-'rairv." returned
rE5sy;,rI,ll remember, and Til put my
shoes and papa s and mamma's all in a
row by the door, and please tell your
fairy servant to fill them up to the brim
with gold. Remember."
' Good-by," said the old fairy, and
when Bessy looked around- she was
alone. So she scampered back, and,
meeting Watch by the gate, whispered
in his ear.
" Here is a piece of meat the fairy
sent you. Now be a good dog, and
don't bark when she comes to-night"
Watch took the meat ate, and
growled over it
Bessy put the key back softly. Then
feeling very lonely and excited, she
crept softly around to the kitchen door
for light and companionship. There
stood Lucy kneading bread for break
fast, while Ann sat by the door knitting
a long, cotton stocking.
Bessy came close up to her and stood
still, looking into the kitchen. With
everything shining and clean, so cozy
and comfortable, it was quite delightful
after the mysterious lane, and the old
fairy who smelled of tobacco.
"Why, you darling," said Ann, "I
was just coming to look for you.
Where have you been? You look as
scared as a cat and as wild as a witch.
What's the matter?"
"Nothiug," answered Bessy. "I
wish mother would come. What time
" Half-past eight" said Lucy, look
ing at the clock. "She'll be along
soon now. Don't fret, and Til give
you a big piece of cake."
Bessy' was as fond of cake as other
little girls; so she sat down on the door
step to eat the cake, and listened for
the wheels of the carriage.
At last they came, and Bessy flew
down to meet her parents with delight
for she felt lonesome and queer.
Mamma called Anu- to light the big
lamp on the round table; then she looked
at her little girl, sat down, and took her
on her lap, saying:
" Well, what have you been doing,
little one? You look tired and cold.
Have you had your tea?"
How Bessy longed to tell them of the
wonderful good luck in store for them!
But she remembered her promise, and
" Yes, mamma. I am sleepy."
So mamma took a candle from the
mantel-piece, and led Bessy to bed, un
dressed her, and listened to her little
prayer, and tucked in the quilt; then
"I'll be back for the light after I have
had mjr supper. Shut your eyes, like a
good girl, and go to sleep."
As soon as her mother left the room
Bessy slid off of the bed and into the
next room, which was her mother's, to
hunt for two pairs of shoes. After some
flimhlinnr slm fnilrwl n noirnf elmiuiKinf
i her mother's and a large pair of boots
of her father s. blie put them in a row
by the door, and then jumped into bed
It was not until after what seemed to
Bessy along, long time that she heard
her father and mother come out of the
dining-room. Then she heard papa
"Why, what's the matter with the
key? I can't turn it" She heard the
key taken out and papa say again:
"What is this in the key? It looks like
After a little, she heard her father
turn the key and hang it up on the
hook. Pretty soon mamma came into
Bessy's room. Bessy closed her eyes
and pretended to be asleep. She felt
mamma kiss her, and heard her close
How long she slept she never knew;
but suddenly she started up wide
awake, to find the stars shining down
on her through the window. Every
thing was as still as it could be. Bessy
wondered if the fairies bad come yet
She stepped out of bed and across the
room, and put her hand into the big
boots. They were empty; so were her
own little shoes and mamma's slippers.
'Well, they haven't come yet," she
She was about to return, when her at
tention was attracted by a flash of light
in the hall. Bessy peeped out think
ing it might be the fairy; but what was
her surprise at seeing two large men,
in stocking feet coming up the lower
stairs on tiptoe. The one behind car
ried a lantern, mid was making it flash
backward and forward, up and down,
as the old fairy did in the lane.
What could they want? she won
dered, The first man carried a sack over his
shoulder, and pointed toward the closet
where Bessy knew all the siher-ware
as kept Then the man with the lan
tern began pushing what-looked like an
enormous nail between the lock and the
door, stopping every now and then to
In a few moments the door flew open,
and both went in together. Then Bes
sy saw them take down the beautiful
silver pitchers, tea-pots, trajsand forkf
and spoons, and put them into the bag.
They did it so softly that there was not
even the least little chink from them.
Though Bessy was a very little girl,
and believed in fairies, she knew these
men had no right to take papa's silver.
So she thought she must tell him. She
ran to the door between their rooms,
and pushed it open a little way.
"Papa! papa!" she cried, 'two big
men are in the house. They have taken
everything in the silver closet Take a
stick and drive them away."
Up jumped papa, seizing a pair of
great pistols, and made a rush for the
stairs, with Bessy behind him.
They had not reached the first step
w en the two men darted out of the
But on seeing papa with a pistol in
each hand, they dropped thebag and ran
toward the open hall door, and were out
of sight in a moment
Mamma, awakened by the noise, came
hurrying out to see what was the mat
ter, ana found Bessy crying in the cor
ner, and papa rushing through the
house with a pair of pistols. Bessy's
mother clasped her very closely in her
In a little while papa came back,
looking very serious. The men had dis
appeared, and Watch lay dead on the
mat outside of the door.
By the time they had emptied the bag,
and put everything in its place, it was
quite daylight and Bessy knew the fairy
had been frightened away. So she
climbed up in her mother's lap and be
gan sobbing softly. Then, when her
mother coaxed her to tell what aiied
her, she pointed to the shoes, and told
her about the old fairy in the lane and
Bessy had to tell that story over so
many times that day. And for a long
time her mamma did not leave her
alone in the evenings; so that Bessy
never saw the fairy godmother again.
Julia K. Hildreth, in Harper's Young
As the shortening days warn us that
summer is over ana delightful winter is
at hand, those prosperous, fortunate
ones among us who have pleasant homes
begin to think of putting our cosy rooms
into trim to meet the cold weather.
Awnings are taken down and mattings
are taken up; the Japanese fans that
are fast replacing our old friend the
palm-leaf are carefully laid away. With
them go all the airy devices that helped
to make the heat tolerable, and soften
the glare of the July sun, and are suc
ceeded by clever contrivances for keep
ing out searching winds and drifting
snow. Instead of cool, pale, greens,
faint blues, and delicate grays, and
scarlet, and clear yellow, brilliant bit
of color to catch, and makethe-most of,
every ray of wintry sunshine.
-Ai every one knows who has had the
smallest experience in that charming
yet perplexing business of furnishing a
house, one of the most important points
in the adornment of a room is the cur
tains. The carpet requires deep con
sideration, and an ugly one is trying to
the soul of any woman gifted with a sense
of the fitness of things, but it can be
partially concealed by a large rug, or its
most objectionable features modified by
the judicious use of small ones. The
curtains, on the contrary, stand out in
bold relief. There is no concealing or
modifying or toning them down; amis
take there is irrevocable; and so the
prudent woman thinks not once nor
twice, but many times, before she pro
coeds to purchase them, and studies
well their future surroundings before
she takes the final step.
It is at this moment while she is
still pondering, and before she has quite
committed herself to damask, or rep, or
whatever thick and heavy material most
charms her fancy, that I want to appeal
to her. Windows are made primarily
to let in light Air can gain admittance
in other ways, but light that is prevent
ed from entering by the windows is
practically totally excluded from the
room. In this northern climate, where
the winter sun rises late and retires
early, we should give him a warm wel
come while he is above the horizon, and
offer the least possible obstruction to
his entrance into our houses.
A long-suffering husband once re
marked to his wile, who had just had
their drawing-room arranged in gor
geous crimson satin draperies, elabo
rately -lined and trimmed: "My dear,
what is the use of having windows, and
then covering them up with blankets?"
It is almost impossible to drape heavy
curtains gracefully without hiding the
entire window, except a narrow strip
in the middle of the lower sash, if
double curtains are used, or at least
two-thirds of it if a single one, while
the sunshine that ought to be warming
and brightening the whole apartment
struggles almost in vain for admission,
and, when it gets in, must be content to
enliven a small patch of the carpet Yet
tasteful, well-chosen curtains add so
much to the appearance of a room, and
are so beautiful in themselves, with
their soft outlines and graceful curves,
that it seems barbarous to hint that
they might be dispensed with entirely.
In this dilemma I would suggest
that the long-prevailing fashion of using
only thick fabrics for winter curtaiua
should be disregarded, and thin ones
substituted for the stifling folds which
nothing but the habit of a life-ttmt
would induce us to tolerate.
Handsome lace curtains with theii
tracery of fairy-like frost-work, or theii
rich masses of hand-wrought leaves, art
too costly for most persons of moderate
means, but nothing is prettier for those
who can afford them. Though flimsy
imitations may detract from their merit
in the opinion of those who are not
judges of needle-work, no educated eye
can be deceived for a moment as to
their real value.
So many materials once never seen
outside of the kitchen have been util
ized and turned to good account by the
passion for decorative art, that the most
modest purse can compass something
at once artistic and inexpensive.
Very pretty curtains are made ol
cheese-cloth trimmed with Russian lace.
Each width is cut in two lengthwise,
the edges rolled and joined again, with
a bandof insertion sewed overhand be
tween them, and the whole bordered
with lace. The material is a yard wide,
and costs but six cents a yard, so the
most carping critic cannot object to it
on the score of expense. If two cur
tains are used for the same window one
breadth is enough for each, with a band
of insertion, and let hang in straight
folds over the window.
Fine osnaburgh, such as is used for
kitchen roller towels, is very effective
with a border worked in outline stitch
in black or crimson; either quaint de
signs and grotesque figures, or a more
regular pattern, like the Grecian bonier.
No cornices are required for these
curtains. A broad facing should be run
on the curtain on the inside, about an
inch and a half from the top, and a
stick passed thiough it This is sup
ported on iron hooks driven into the
wall, fitting into slits or notches cut in
the stick. E. B. Scovil, in Christian
A New York man arraigned foi
bigamy excused himself on the ground
that his first wife had agreed to support
herself, and failing to do so he consid
ered himself absolved from the marriage
tows aad fullv authorized to marrv
! again. The excuse lodged him is. jaiL
j-tf. Y.Sun. .
Mocha aad Xeeha Coffee.
No Arabian town has so fragrant an
ador around its name as Mocha, which
torso many years was known as the
?rt from which most of the coffee .of
emon was shipped. That Mo ha itself
does not lie in a coffee region is proba
bly known to few of those who houor
the noble beverage. Indeed, it has
long been known that these beans,
which enjoy a world-wide reputation,
reach the Western markets in increas
ingly small quantities, for the product
ive region of Yemen is comparatively
limited in area, and the crop scarcely
suffices to supply the demand in the
East itself. Certain it is that a consid
erable part of the crop linds its way by
land over the Hedjaz, and only a frac
tion reaches the export harbors. The
most important of these, accorJing
to the Austrian Monats'hrift fur den
Orient, at the present time is undoubt
edly Aden. In former times it was
quite otherwise. After the introduction
of coffee-culture and the taste for coffee
into Arabia, an event by no means of
ancient date, Mocha was certainly the
only port from which it was shipped.
At the beginning of the sixteenth cen
tury only one hut stood on the site of
Mocha, that of the Sheik Shadeli. who
on account of his honest dealings was
much sought after by the skippers. He
was an honorable and hospitable man,
who regaled his guests with a cup of
the beverage which he himself greatly
loved and commended. This drink was
no other than coffee, a knowledge of the
virtues of which soon spread through
the whole of Yemen. The Sheik had
many visitors, and out of his hospitality
a profitable business was developed; the
settler's hut soon expanded into a vil
lage, and the village into a town, which
in a short time was crowded with spec
ulators and rich merchants.
Such is the legend of the founding and
growth of Mocha. In what year the
event took place there is no means of as
certaining, for the Turkish and Arabic
chroniclers are shy of figures and dates,
and leave to their successors the filling
in of the blanks. But no doubt the
story is essentially authentic, for after
Mocha became a nourishing town Sheik
Bhadeli was honored with a sepulchral
mosque, which is to-day pointed out
with pride, and the principal wells of
the existing town and also the land-gate
bear the name of its worthy benefactor.
"By Sheik Shadeli" the people of
Mocba swear more than by the Prophet
himself, who receives scarcely more
honor than is paid to the patron of the
town and of all the coffee farmers of
Yemen. Coffee could not be grown at
all, as we have said, in the region around
Mocha, itself, which is known as the
"Tehama," a low, flat, sandy district
with sparse vegetation. The climate is
necessarily hot, fever is endemic, and
water scarce. No coflee could be grown
in such a region, although jit contains
the chief warehouse". zi export harbors
for the product Yemen. For a whole
century Btpeiia was the leading coffee
port, bufabout the middle of the seven
tPSnth century Hodeida, to the north of
'Mocha, took its place. Latterly, how
ever, for various reasons connected with
Turco-Egyptian- politics, Hodeida has
declined. So long as it was the chief
export harbor, the inland town of Beit-el-Fakhi
was the chief transit center,
the leading port of which was and is
still Ghalefka, which sent out almost as
much coffee as Hodeida itself. After
the Turco-Egyptian domestic politics
had ruined these ports the coffee trade
sought another outlet by Aden, which
now is the leading center and place of
export for the coflee of Yemen.
The coffee tree is no wild plant in
Yemen, its successful growth depend
ing on a great variety of natural and
artificial conditions. In terraces among
the mountain ravines, carefully protect
ed from the chilly mountain breezes, on
a soil composed of clay, porphyry and
trap, is the cultivation of the best sorts
carried on. Thus it is only certain fa
vored spoils that are suited for the
growth of coffee in Yemen, and the
culture is essentially that of compara
tively small gardens. The best ooffee
garden of Yemen is that of Uddein, in
the northeast of Mocha; it yields the
Uddein bean, the finest coffee bean the
world produces. This estate lies in the
Valley of the Zebid, and in area is by
no means extensive. The second most
important district is that of Beit-el-Fakhi,
in which are Buljos, Hadie and
Kusmai, estates on the mountain ter
races, which stretch from the Tehama
to the mountains of Central Yemen;
many of the hamlets which used to nes
tle in the midst of the coffee plantations
looking out from the hill-sides on the
sterile plain below are now in ruins. In
the direction of Hodeida lies the third
of the great coffee gardens, that of Mof
hak, and Harraz, on the flanks of the
Yemen Mountains, which inclose the
Wadi Seichan. Smaller and less pro
ductive gardens are found at Jenaad,
on the north foot of the Saber Mount
ain to the east of Mocha. Others of
less importance are scattered about in
various parts of the region, as far as the
eastern plateau of Yemen, the heights
varying from 1,200 to 4,000 feet above
the sea. The entire productive region
is, after all, only a comparatively small
section of Yemen, and even in this sec
tion itself there are many unproductive
gaps gaps which are much more ex
tensive than are the coffee gardens
themselves. London Times.
The March of Malaria.
The recent reports of commissions and
scientific bodies, like the Board of
Health, giving the results of careful and
extended investigations, notably the
papers of Dr. Chamberlain, of Hartford,
and Dr. Adams, of Pittsfield. though
marked by the habitual caution in gen
eralization and inference which charac
terizes the scientific mind, make it plain
to common sense tliat the fever, in its
several special types, whether dumb or
shaking, whatever may be its patholo
gy, or nature, or origin, is due as an
existing evil here to decomposition or
exhalations and all the morbific and
malefic influences engendered about
marshy or wet regions and impure
water beds. The best authorities are
not sure or agreed on the question
whether the disease is indigenous or
imported, or on the question why
it is brought into activity at one time
rather than another. They generally
concur in the opinion, on both sides of
the Atlantic, thatitgerminatesor sprouts
in the human body from very minute
spores, measuring, perhaps three thou
sand to an inch. But how these seeds
are transported about or what the con
ditions of receptivity and susceptibility
are under which they are developed,
nobody can yet tell, 'i here is evidence
that sporadic cases occur in dry upland
regions, but the disorder loves marshes,
clings to artificial lakes or ponds, riots
by the banks of sunken streams and
works its burning and shivering dam
age most malignantly where the nor
mal mutual relations between soil, veg
etable matter and stagnant or moving
water have been unsettled. Mention is
made of some compact rural popula
tions near foul mill ponds, where half
the inhabitants have been down at
once. Speculation as to causes, as
might be expected, has been busy.
Wnat causes of malaria exist now which
were non-existent or in abeyance, so
long prior to this late day? Not only
is science shy of hasty conclusions, but
property, too, has its self-preserving in
stincts, and the mill owners and manu
facturers aie not unwilling to have a
part, at least of the curse rest on other
shoulders than their own. What then
are the new conditions?
Railroads and tobacco culture are two.
The railroads are apt to open the sur
face on low ground, and if there were
enough of them it might happen that an
unwholesome gas escaping would affect
the workmen, as it is saidtheupturaing
of acres of old sod on building lots af
fects the health of the peoplo in the
upper part of the is'and of New York.
But there arc altogether too many ra;l
wavs where there are no chills and too
many chills whore there are no railways,
to allow much plausibility to this theory.
It fa'ds twice over. Much of tho same
inav bo said of the tobacco fields. Tho
idea that the sickness comes of fertil
izers used for tobacco raising has even
less support, for that nuisance is of but
a very brief annual continuance, and is
far from being conterminous with the
malady. So far as the great forcos of
nature are concerned, not much can be
done iu the way of remedy. If, as there
is some reason to think, there is a con
stant shrinkage going on in rivers,
fountains, brooks and lakes, with a
diminished rainfall throughout this
part of the country, all we can do about
that is to employ every personal effort to
remove or deodorize the stench-breeding
and fever-breeding matter along the
banks and to increase our forests by
planting or protection, as many thought
ful land-owners are now doing and as
the late foiestry convention in Mon
treal leads us to hope may be done
more and more. There are thousands
of citizens who, with only a moderate
outlay, can stanch, oh their own
premises at least, the offensiv sources
of pain and death for, though not re
garded as ordinarily fatal, fever and
ague sometimes takes a congestive
form or otherwise overmasters the vital
power, in spite of the best treatment,
and the patient dies. Dwellers in bad
climates study the laws of sanitary
safety and he'ed them. Out of door
night air can, to a great extent be
avoided. Fires can be built evening
and morning. The human system can
be kept free, vigorous and protected by
right living, temperance and flannels.
Some physiologists think a fine wire
gauze at open windows may keep out
the spores. A line of thick trees with
underbrush has been supposed to ar
rest them. There is plenty of proof
that good drainage counteracts this as
it does other kinds of sickness. Boston
Pearls are perhaps the most valuable
of all the offerings of animate nature,
and are the results of the efforts of the
bivalve to protect itself from injury. A
Earasite bores into the shell of the pearl
L'arer, and when felt by the animal it
immediately fortifies itself by covering
up the spot with its pearly secretion; the
parasite pushes on, the oyster piling up
until an imperfect pearl attached to the
shell is the result The clear oval pearls
are formed in a similar way, only in this
case a bit of sand has become lodged in
the folds of the creature, and in its
efforts to protect itself from the sharp
edges, the bit becomes covered, layer
by layer, and assumes naturally an oval
shape. This growth of the pearl, as it
is incorrectly termed, can be seen by
breaking open a $500 gem, when the
macre will be seen in layers resembling
the section of an onion. The Romans
were particularly fond of pearls, and,
according to Pliny, the wife of Cains
Caligula possessed a collection valued
at over $3,000,000 of our money.
Julius Ctesar presented a jewel to the
mother of Brutus valued at 250,000,
while the pearl drunk by Cleopatra was
estimated at 400,000. Tavernier, the
famous traveler, sold a pearl to the Shah
of Persia for $550,000. A 420.000
pearl was taken from American waters
in the time of Philip II. It was pear
shaped, and as large as a pigeon's egg.
Another, taken from the same locality,
is now owned by a ladv in Madrid who
values it at 830,000.
Fresh-water pearls are often of great
value. The streams of St. Clair County,
111., and Rutherford County, Tenri.,
produce large Quantities, but the largest
one was found near Salem, N. J. It
was about an inch across, and brought
2,000 in Paris. The pearls from the
Tay, Doon and Isla rivers, in Scotland,
are preferred by many to the Oriental,
and in one summer 50,000 worth of
pearls were taken from these localities by
men and children. Mother-of-pearl
used in the arts is sold by the ton, from
$50 to 700 being an average price. The
last year's pearl fisheries in Ceylon
alone realized $80,000, to obtain which
more than 7,000,000 pearl oysters were
brought up. N. Y. Evening Post.
The Newer Arithmetic.
A merchant finds himself with $300
in bad debts on hand, and he divides
the amount to make fifty of his best cus
tomers foot the bill. How much did
each one have to pay?
A political candidate promises the po
sition of market clerk to 320 different
friends, and after his election gives
the place to his uncle. Find words in
which to express the feelings of the 320.
If it takes eight dollars worth of coal
to keep one fifteen-cent house-plant
through the winter, how much coat will
it take to carry ten of the plants through
In a city of 100,000 people there are
2,000 men who carry umbrellas and
canes on their shoulders without refer
ence to pedestrians. If a man kicks
sixteen of these chaps per day, how long
would it take to get round to the last
A lady pays seven dollars for a pair
of fashionable shoes and endures four
teen dollars worth of agony for every
mile she walks.. How much agony
would she endure in walking three
A young man engaged to three differ
ent girls is obliged to tell twenty-two
lies per week to prevent discovery.
How many lies would he tell in six
If a man finds seventeen inches of
tarred rope in one plug of tobacco, how
many inches will he find in twenty-two
IT it takes a fall of twenty-eight feet
from a chestnut tree to break a boy's
arm, how far must he fall to break his
On a certain political ticket are four
teen candidates; each candidate is the
victim of 526 lies. What is the total
number of lies? Detroit Free Press.
A Bond of Acquaintance.
A jolly crowd of commercial travelers
sat in the reading-room of a Chicago
hotel, cracking jokes and telling "ghost"
stories, when in came a slab-sided,
gawky Hoosier, who, thinking himself
unobserved, quietly sat down and took
in ail the fun. One ot the boys, with
out calling anybody's attention to the
countryman, casually remarked, as he
pointed to a chum who was reading a
"I shouldn't think Jim Bennett would
sit there and pore over that old sheet
Why, if I was as rich as he I'd raise the
roof right oft' this house."
The countryman's eyes fairly bulged
out with wonder when he heard this
allusion to the editor of such a big paper,
and he slowly gathered himseli up and
shuffled to warn the chair occupied by
the alleged Bennett Gazing at him
curiously for a moment he said, in a
faltering voice: "Are you Mr. Bennett,
the editor of the New York Herald?"
The drummer looked up in amaze
ment; but catching the wink from, the
rest of the boys, he quietly replied:
"That's what people say."
"Gosh!" exclaimed the Hoosier.
"Well, my lad," bmignantly said the
pseudo editor, "what can I do for you?"
"Why, sir," murmured the almost
paralyzed youth, "why, sir, my my
brother takes the Herald. Do you
The supposed Bennett fainted, and
the rest of the crowd went into hyster
ias while the Hoosier didn't stop walk
iig until he struck the State line.
Drake's Travelers' Magazine.
There are at present no fewer than
ton establishments in Franco devoted to
tho propagation of bait for the use of
anglers, and one of these breeders sells
from thirty to forty millions of worms
per annum, deriving a handsome income
from the business.
Contrary to the common opinion,
the census returns show that the num
ber of Irish persons in thiscouutry, con
sidered relatively to tho total population
of the country, or to the foreign popu
lation alone, has steadily decreased dur
ing the past thirty years. N. E. Farmer.
The Crown Princess of Germany,
wearing a little hussar cap and long
Elume, rode at the head of the black
ussars, of which she is the Colonel, at
the recent great parade before the Em
peror, and then,holding her small riding
whip swordwise, took her place with
the other commaudiug officers at the
right of the Emperor as the regiment
The other day while two ten-years-old
boys were playing on the top of the
mountain, on the west side of what is
known as the Notch, about a mile south
of West Bolton, Vt,, one of the lads, a
son of Riley Giles, of West Bolton, made
a misstep and fell down an almost per
pendicular precipice 2.50 feet into the
valley below, being, of course, instantly
A man who wantonly wounded a
bird with his rifle is reported by the Rural
Canadian as having niade th: frauk
confession: "It fluttered across the field,
i where I followed it, and found the pant
ing sufferer at its nest and the blond
dripping upon its young. My cruelty
flashed upon me in all its nakedness, and
I cringed under my reflections like a
guilty butcher as I waj."
Of the land composing Great Britain
Dr. Carpenter said in a lecture in Boston
recently that it was part of the European
', continent, and that no geologist can
question the fact that tnat corner ot
Lurope has been up and down no end
of times. All the northern part of Eu
rope, he said, is a low plain which would
' be entirely submerged, with a few ex
' ceptious. by a sinking of a hundred
fathoms. Massachusetts Ploughman.
In the old hall of the House of Rep
resentatives in Washiugton, each State
is allowed space for two statues or busts
of its prominent sons. Hitherto Ohio has
not used either of these niches. This de
fect is now to be remedied, as, at the last
session of the Ohio Legislature, a bill
was passed appropriating $10,000 for a
statue of General Garlield, to be placed
in one of the spaces allotted to Ohio.
N. Y. Tribune.
The fate of Master Putnam, of the
burned Arctic steamer Rodgers, is defi
nitely ascertained. It will be reniem
beren that, hearing of the loss of the
ship, he left the supply station at Cape
Serge, of which he had charge, became
separated from his escort and was car
ried out to sea on an ice Hoe- A schooner
which arrived at San Francisco last week
from Point Barrow reports that the body
of Master Putnam was seen by the na
tives the latter part of June, still on an
ice floe. It was black and swollen, and
could not be recovered, owing to a
change of wind, which caused the ice to
drift away from the shore. N. Y. Post.
A Much-Protested Note.
It is doubtful if there could be a
stronger protest made against a note
than was once made by Judge Charles
B. Cummings. When Cummings was
a younger man, and practically before
the courts of Western Maine chiefly in
Oxford County he was waited upon by
a young man named Hobbs, -against
whom a suit at law had been instituted,
for the payment of a certain note of
hand, said to have been found among
the papers of an old money-lender, then
Hobbs then not quite five-and-twenty
years of age explained the matter to
Cummings thus, and the truth of his
statement was avouched for by several
men of undoubted standing, who were
personally cognizant of the facts.
While in his eighteenth year during
the winter before his eighteenth birth
day anniversary Hobbs borrowed of
old Solomon Hough the sum of fifty
dollars, which amount he agreed to pay
back in work. During the spring fol
lowing the borrowing of the money, he
worked for tho old man over a month
in plowing and planting; then he
worked again in haying: and, again,
through the harvest time, when he con
cluded ho had worked enough. All
told, he had worked sixty-five full days,
eating his dinners, on those days, at
Hough's table if table it could be
ealleu. And, further six disinterested
men, to whom the matter was referred,
decided that Hobbs had fully paid the
But old Solomon was indignant The
boy wasn't worth more than fifty cents
a day, anyhow; and he managed to cram
down very nearly that money's worth of
food each and every day he worked. On
the other side, any number of reliable
witnesses would swear that Hough never
had fifty cents worth of food on nis table
at any one time in his life. The old
money-lender was wroth, and declared
he would sue, but he never did. But
Hobbs would swear to what the old man
did do. He sat down and made a regu
lar promissory note for the full sum
borrowed fifty dollars made it payable
in one year from date, with interest
annually, value received, etc., and
signed Wallace P. Hobbs' namo, doubt
less intending at some future time to
come down upon the man with that bit
of paper. Or he may have thought that
Hobbs might die, and leave property
behind him, in which case the note
"would be a handy thing to show to the
But old Solomon ,Hough died first;
and his heirs, or his administrator, found
this note, with many other notes,
amongst his effects; and. straightway the
note was presented to young Hobbs for
payment, which, of course, he refused.
And then the administrator sued; and
this was the suit which Cummings was
to look after.
Judge Holden was on the bench. The
trial came off in the Crooked River Dis
trict When the case was called Cum
mings arose and demanded an indefinite
postponement of the whole matter.
"Why," ejaculated the Judge, "I
never heard of such a thing!"
" Your honor!" roared the plaintiff's
attorney, "the thing is impossible. It
can't be did!"
" It will have to be did in this ease,"
said Cummings, with a suggestive nod
to the Court.
" But Brother Cummings," the Judge
went on, anxiously, "what do you mean?
What are your reasons for making such
Cummings called for the note; and
having takan it in his hand looked it
over, he said:
"Your honor; iu the first alace the
defendant in this case was a child, under
age, when this note was made! In the
second place, he never made the note.
It is a forgery, as we can prove! In the
third place, as you can see by glancing
at the face of the thing, it is outlawed!
And. may it please your Honor, in the
f ourthfrjlace and lastly the full amount
of that note has been duly and truly paid!
All of which I stand ready to prove!"
There was a fluttering in tho court
Several men pressed forward and whis
pered to the plaintiff's attorney; and,
pretty soon he stood up in his place and
coughed, and give a pull at his cravat
and then said he would withdraw the
ase if the Court was willing.
Yes the Court was willing; and the
Judge facetiously remarked, as he wiped,
the case from his docket:
"Really, gentlemen, 'that is what
might be called a much protested note V
"Y. Y. Ledger.
C0L7UB72, If":. JO'JRIIAL
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A week made at boin by the
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Concentrated Essence of Ja
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OUR EQUINE POWDERS,
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