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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 20, 1882)
ISSUED EVEKY WEDNESDAY,
M. Iv. TURNER & CO.,"
Proprietors and Publishers.
BATES OP ADTEHTUUG.
LLV LLLh pB""LLm LH LLa LLV Lk L L iLV L. Jik Ltl yt k
!37"Buslness and professional cards
of five lines or leas, per annum, five
tM For time advertisements, apply
at this oflce.
ETLegal advertisement at statue
terror transient adTcrtlaing, aee
TAll advertisesaeBta payable
S3" OFFICE Eleventh St., up stairs
in Journal Building.
.Six months 1
TLree months S9
single copies 93
C. H. VanWyck, U. S. Senator, Neb
Alvi.v Saunders, U. S. Senator, Omaha.
K. K. Valentine, Kcp., West Feint.
T.J. Majors, Contingent Rep., Peru.
Albinus N ance, (lovemor, Lincoln.
. J. Alexander, Secretary or State.
John VTallichs, Auditor, Lincoln.
i. M. Bartlett, Treasurer, Lincoln.
C.J. Dil worth, Attorney-General.
W. V. W.Jones, Supt.l'ublic Instrnc
C.J. Nones, Warden of Penitentiary.
KVonld?' ! PrIs" lM8Pector9-
J.O. Carter, Prison Physician.
H.P. iIuthewoon,Supt.Inaaue Asylum.
George B. Lakcl As,oci:tle judKes.
S. Maxwell, Chief Justice,
FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
G. W. Post, Judge, York.
M.U. R-e-e, District Attorney, Wahoo.
M. B. Hoxie. Uegl.ter, Grand Island.
Win. Ativan, Receiver, Grand Island.
State Senator, M. K.Turner.
4 Representative, (5. Y. Lehman.
.1. G. IliKxiii, Couuty Junge.
John Staun'er, County Clerk.
('.A. Newman, Clerk Dist. Court.
J. W. Early, Treasurer.
I). C. Iiavauaugli, Sheriff.
L.J. Criiier, Survevor.
Joseph Rivet, Cc
H.J Hudson, )
lr. A. Heintz, Coroner.
.J. E. Moncrief Sunt, of Schools.
liyroii .Milieu, I
Justices of thePeace.
J. R. Meagher, Mayor.
A. B.Ooffroth, Clerk.
.1. II. Delsman. Treaturer.
W.N. Hen-ley, Police Judge.
J. E. North, Engineer.
Ut Ward lohn Rickly.
G. A. S-hroeder.
'Id Ward Pat. Havs.
id Ward J. Rasmu.en.
A. A. Smith.
t'ulumbUM Iomi Office.
(pen on Sunday!) tram 11 a.m. to 12m.
ami from WM to 6 v. m. Business
hours except Sunday (5 a M.totJ p.m.
E.i-tern mailo close at il a.m.
Western mails close at 4:iri.M.
Mail leaves Columbus, for Lost Creek,
Genoa, St. Edward. Albion, Platte
enter, Humphrey, Madison aud Nor
folk, eery clay (except Sundays) at
4::." p. in." Arrives at lu:."3.
For Miell Cret'k aud Creston, arrives at
12 m. Lea en 1 i". M., Tuedays, Thurn
ila and Saturday.
For" Alexis, Patron and David City,
Tuexd.iv, Thursdays ami Saturdays,
1 i. m Anies at 12 M.
For ('oiikling Tuesday. and Saturdays
7 a. in. Arrive t. in. atne da vs.
V. I. Time Table
Emii'r.iul.No.O, leaves at
l':.-eng'r, " 1, "
Knight, , "
Freight, " 1, " "
West rani Hound.
Freight, No. r, leaes at
Pusseng'r, " ::, "
Freight, " , " "
irini.'r:iit. ' 7. " '
0:00 p. m
1:30 a. in
Eerv dav except Saturday the three
lines leading to Chicago connect with
1! P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, as
hown by the following schedule:
B. & M
Leacx Columbus, ...
" David City, ..
44 Staplchursl, ..
44 SeWard,.. ..
44 Pleasant Dale,
'. ri:l.i A. M.
Leave Lilicolu at J: r. M. aim
rives iii Columbus 8:i r. M.
Makes close connection at Lincoln for
all points eat. west and south.
" ... N. .v M. II. ROAD.
Time Schedule No. 1. To take etfect
June 2, '81. For the government and
information of employee only. The
Companv reserves the right to vary
t herefrom at pleasure. Trains daily.
.."""" T -..
Norfolk 7:20 a. m.
.Munson 7:47 4i
Columbus 4::i p.m.
PI. Centre 5:42 "
Madion 7:01 "
liiiir-on 7:43 4
Norfolk ti:04 44
PL Centre 9:4S
Columbu- 4:4.'. i-.M. .Albion ,lzx'u
host Creekf.:.:i ! St. EdwardS: 30
(icnoa . C:1G 44 Genoa 9:14
St.Ertward7:00 " Lot Creek!:o9
Albion 7:47 " Columbusl0:45
H. liUERS & no,
"WacrorL T3uildci s,
UrirW Shop iioltf llrlntz's Urug Store.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGiES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eleventh Strtet. Coluinlus, Nebraska.
S. J. MARMOY. Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
2S3jet a Flrst-Clawa Table.
Meals, 2Tj Cts. Lodgings.... 25 Ct8.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHE EH AN, Proprietor.
SSTWholesale ind Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
Sg-Ktntwku Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk Street, Soui7 " Dt.
VOL. XIII.-NO. 34.
ATTORN EYS-AT-L A W,
Up-stairs in Gluck Building, 11th street,
Above the New bank.
TT J. H1J1MO,
12th Street, i doom neat of Hammond IIobm,
Columbus, Neb. 491-y
pvR. 31. 1. THUKSTOJI,
Office over corner of llthand North-st.
All operations first-class and warranted.
IHIC'AtiO BAKUEK SHOP!
HENRY WOODS, Prop'b.
JSTEverythlng in first-class
Also keep'jhe best of cigars.
ER A. REEDEK,
A TTORNEYS AT LA W,
Office on Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska.
G. A. HULLHORST, A. M., M. D.,
HOMEOPA Till C PHYSICIAN,
jSTTwo Blocks south of Court House.
Telephone communication. 5-ly
A TTORNE YS AT LA W,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing. 11th St. W. A. McAllister, Notary
J. M. MACFARLAJJD,
Attsratj uiKctx:7 Pcfcre.
, R. COWDERY,
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
ft). 3i. DEKK1',
""Carriage, house and sign painting,
glazing, paper hanging, kalsomining, etc.
done to order. Shop on 13th St., opposite
Engine House, Columbus, Neb. 10-y
llth St., nearly opp. Gluclc's store,
Sells Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Itlankets, Curry Combs, Brushes, etc.,
s.1 the lowest possible prices. Repairs
promptly attended to.
LAND AND INSURANCE A OBNT,
Hi- lauds comprise some line tracts
in the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion of PI tte" county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. Satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
Justiceof the Peace and
ATTORNEY' AT LAW, Columbus
Nebraska. N. B. He will give
cloe attention to all business entrusted
'.o him. 248.-
T OUIS SCHREIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc., made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
IS? Shop opposite the " Tattersau,"
Ad 1 EK WESTtOTf,
Are prepared to furnish the public with
good team, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
conduct a feed and sale stable. 49
IS PREPARED, WITH
FIRST - CLASS A PPA RA T US,
houses at reasonable
Give uim a call.
"VTOXICE TO TEACHERS.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the tirst Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transactton of any other business
pertaining to schools. f67-y
OI.1LTIRIJS PACKING CO.,
COLUMBUS, - NEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hog.
Directors. R. H Henry, Prest.; John
Wiggins, Sec. and Treas.; L. Gerrard, S.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for cither
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, uear
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
D.T. JlARTY.N, M. D. F. SCHUfi, M. D.,
Drs. MAETYN & SCHUO,
U. S. Examining Surgeons,
Local Surgeons. Union Pacific and
O., X. & B. H. R. R's.
Wines, Ales, Cigars and Tobacco.
JgfSchilz's Milwaukee Beer constant
ly on hand.SF3i
Elfventh St. Columbus. Xeb.
JS. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenters ind Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. BgTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedbof &
Co'e. store. Columbuo. Nebr. 4PZ-V
COLUMBUS FLAX AND TOW CO.,
Are prepared to receive and pay ?3.C0 per
ton for good clean flax straw (free from
foreign substances) delivered on their
grounds near the Creamery, in Colum
COLUMBUS FLAX & TOW CO.,
Columbus, Dec. 5, 18S2.
National Bank !
COLUMBUS, NEB. .
OFFICERS AND PIUECTOKS.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'L C. SMITfl. Vice Pres't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY,
W. A. MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Tickets, Real Estate, Loan ana Insurance.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
O VFWE, COL UMB US. NE B.
Dr. A. HEINTZ,
HIS. MEDICIIES. CHEMICALS.
Fine Soaps, Brushes,
PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc.,
And all articles usually kept on hand by
Physicians Prescrijtio7is Carefully
Eleventh street, near Foundry.
COLUMBUS. : NEBRASKA.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residenco lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
Patent Roller Process
ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION,
Because it makes a superior article
bread, and is the cheapest flour
in the market.
Evert sack warranted to run alike, or
HERMAN OEHLRICH & BRO.,
I1EALKK IN ALL KINDS OF
I KEEP COXSTAXTLY OX HAXD A
WELL SELECTED STOCK.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
Geeds DeliTered Free
part of the City.
I AM ALSO
Farm and Spriug Wagons, ;
oi wnicn x Keen a constant .-unwv on
hand, but few their equal. In style and
quality, second to none.
CAIJ. AND LEARN PRICES.
Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near
A. &N. Depot.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER
A Strange Accident,
Passengers who arrived in the city
resterday morning gave the particulars
)f au accident which occurred Tuesday
norning at ,0:45 o'clock on the Northern
Wisconsin division of the Chicago &
Northwestern Railway, one mile south of
Dconto, and which is the most extraor
linary in railroad history. The north
sound passenger train, with a very large
lumber of passengers, was running
ilong at not less than twenty-five miles
in hour when her locomotive exploded
with gigantic force. "I was seated in
the smoking car, the third from the en
gine," said John F. Jerrard, a passen
ger, "and knew, by the loud report and
the heavy shock to the train, what had
happened. I was talking at the time
with Mr. Whitney, of Pensaukee : spring
ing up I said, 'the boiler has explod
ed!1 and I expected in the next instan
that the train would be smashed into
kindhcs wood. At almost tbe same-
moment a mass of rubbish from the ex
plosion fell upon tho top of the car,
which rattled loudly, but did no other
damage. Of course, in a moment the
sensation of danger was passed, as the
train ran smoothly along, except a pe
culiar and unnatural sound from the
front of the train, which seemed to
move along without any perceptible dim
inution of speed. I concluded that
my impression that the boiler had ex
ploded was erroneous, as everything
then seemed to be all right, and a gen
tleman remarked that a torpedo had
probably been exploded under the train
with a view to mischief. By this time
the traiu had run down and crossed the
bridge across the Oconto River, when
the brakeman suddenly sot the brakes
with great exertion and brought the
train to a halt. Up to this moment no
one on the train knew what the actual
situation was except the mail agent and
baggage men, and they were unable for
some reason to put on tho brakes to stop
the train. The train was finally brought
to a stand-still. It was then found the
four forward trucks of the engine were
loaded handsomely upon the tender,
which was intact. It was evident that
not an individual on the train, as it
stood there, was injured, and the fact
is the majority of the passen
gers did not know that any
thing had occurred until they were
told, as the report was not heard
very far back and many were asleep.
Rut the engineer and fireman there
was but one voice, 'they are dead.'
Some of the passengers and the train
men ran back, and were utterly amazed
to And them standing by the wrecked
engine, but little the worse for the
dreadful shaking up. After a careful
examination of the whole ground the
following conclusions were reached by
me and many others : First, that tho
explosion had been most terrific; that
at the time of its occurrence the engine
was lifted from its connection with the
tender aud violently wrenched clear of
it; that at the same moment the oow
catcher was thrown downward as a
matter of course, and as was shown by
three ties being rooted up and broken
iu two near the center, and at the same
point by the side of the track lay the
nose of the badly demoralized cow
catcher. This must have occurred as
the engine was thrown forward in the
air with the most terrific force, as was
fully established by its being hurled ISO
feet forward and along a little to the
right of the track before it struck the
ground, whore it buried itself half out of
sight in the mud. Of course this thirty
ton mass of iron must have turned a
complete somersault in the air, at which
time the forward trucks were dropped
upon the tender. There they are now
lying. The grass and bushes are black
ened and dead by the escaping steam
underneath the traok where tho'engine
flew through the air. The huge machine
took itself and all its immense rubbish,
the result of the explosion, absolutely
out of the way and left a clean track for
the train to pass along, and, strange to
say, the rails at the point of the broken
ties were scarcely disturbed. But the
fireman and engineer were carried along
in the cab and landed with it, or very
near. One pair of trucks on the mail
car jumped the track at the point where
the explosion occurred and ran in that
situation one mile, passing over the
bridge at the Oconto River in that way;
and another odd freak, passing a switch
a moment before the train was stopped,
they ran on again, and no great dam
age was done except to tear off the
heads of all the spikes from one side of
the rail for the whole distance, breaking
nearly all the bolts which connect the
ends of the rails together, all thi3 with
out one life being lost or any one seri
ously injured. Who can cite anything
like this in railroads to-day?" Mil
The Comets of 1882.
irom the frequency with which dis
patches announcing the discovery of
"another comet" have followed eaoh
other of late, the uninitiated might be
led to infer that the crop of comets this
year is to be so large as to glut popular
curiosity and scientific interest. This
might, perhaps, be true, had each of the
many announcements marked the ap
pearance of a distinct comet. In plain
fact, there have been but four comets
seen thus far in 1882. The first celes
tial vagrant of the year was discovered
by Mr. Wells, of the Dudley Observa
tory, March 17, and for a long time it
monopolized the attention of astrono
mers in both the old and new world,
owing to its uniqtfe features. Although
the period of tbe Wells comet has not
yet been fully calculated, enough is
known to show that the comet will not
return to view under 1,000 years. The
second comet of the year was seen but
once, but then for only a very short
time, by the astronomers who were ob
serving" the sun's eclipse from Egypt
last spring. It was described in a brief
dispatch which noted the success of the
observation of the eclipse as "a fine,
blight comet close to the sun," and
astronomers for a long time watched for
its appearance, on the supposition that
it would be visible on its return from
perihelion, but without success. The
third comet of the year was discovered
on the morning of September 18, and
duly chronicled by Prof. Barnard, of
Nashville, Tenn. At first, owing to the
place of its discovery, in the constella
tion of the Twins, It was presumed by
some to be the reappearance of the
famous Pons comet of 1812, but thi3 was
subsequently shown to be an erroneous
supposition," owing to its direction of
The Barnard comet, which was, at
the time of discovery, a faint telescopic
object, about one and one-half seconds
of arc in diameter, is now approaching
pcuuc-uuii, u:uu it win aiuiiu auout
November 7. At the brightest it will be I introduction of sweet ingredients, sweet
but about three times as large as when dishes by an indiscriminate use of
first seen, and though it may possess spices. If a number of dishes are de
features of great interest to the scien-1 sirable, each dish should have its dis
tiflo observer, it will never cause a rip- j tinct flavor, and should be acceptable
pie upon the surface of the unscientific to different palates, or to the palate at
world. Without reference to any theo-1 different stages of a repast. Fraser't
ies advanced as to its identity, eto., it I iitiuins.
may be stated that the Cruls comet, so
called, will take the front rank as a
"popular" object.' The many alleged
naked-eye discoveries of late have simply
been glimpses of this grand object by
one or another person in one or another
locauty wnere tne skv, at morning, was
momentarily freed from the heavy clouds
wnicn nave curtained tne heavens so
long of late. One may see it with the
unaided vision any clear morning now
from four o'clock until near sunrise. It
rises about forty minutes in advance of
the great luminary, a little to the south
of the latter's point of appearance. Like
a long, narrow, luminous cloud, inclin-
iuk auuiuwaru, iu uui urat comes to
view, contracting with perfect regulari
ty as the nucleus surmounts the line of
the horizon. The tail on yesterday
morning was clearly outlined for a dis
tance of at least thirteen degrees from
the nucleus, and from that point a faint
bifurcation could be traced for seven or
eight degrees further on a line with the
star Regulus. The nucleus shone with
the magnitude of a first magnitude star,
aud, in fact, was faintly visible when
Regulus had been extinguished by the
dawn. The latest ephemeries of this
great comet shows that, brilliant as it
appears, it is now at least as far distant
from the earth as is the sun, and that
its distance from the sun is about 70,
000,000 of miles. Albany Argut.
Not In the Ranks.
The old army overcoat that used to
be such a familiar sight on our streets
is one of the rarest now ; indeed it is so
seldom seen that we. involuntary turn
and gaze after it, as something that
brings sad and often cruel memories.
The other day an old man wearing a
coat of this kind, which reached to his
heels, stopped at a cottage a little way
out of town and asked leave to rest a
while on the porch.
" I'm a bit tired," he said to the wo
man who opened the door, "an if you
don't mind I'll sit here and rest myself
" You're welcome," said the woman,
kindly, with a glance at the martial
blue. Then she left him alone, but af
ter a little returned with a bowl of coffee
and a plate of white biscuit.
"Eat," she said gently; "I had a
boy who was a soldier."
" But I'm not a soldier," answered
the old man. "I never was a. soldier;
my boy went to the war and was was
killed. He was all I had, too. This
coat was his ; seems like he's near me
when I have it on. I gave him to his
country; the handsomest and bravest
boy he was, too, in the whole regiment.
God bless him. He did his duty, died
on the field, and this coat was all that
came back to his poor old dad. No ; I
never was a soldier."
The woman went in and brought out
some cake, and the whitest honey, and
added it to the coffee and biscuit.
"Are you alone in the world?" she
" Oh, no," answered the old man,
cheerfully; "I've got a sister, but she's
old and lame, and she has a daughter
that is sickly and ailing. You see, I
have them to work for, and they're a
sight of comfort to me. Many's the
time I'd have broke down since Mary
died but for them two poor critters.
Mary was my wife, ma'am ; she was a
master hand to nuss sick folks, and she
thought after Tim died as it were her
duty to go into the hospital service and
nuss tho soldiers, and she died these six
teen years ago, but she did a heap of
good work first. Many a soldier has
kissed her shadow on the wall! Mary,
darlin', God wanted ye in the ranks up
there! I've often wished that I hud
a soldier, if only to be fit for the
mother and Tim; but I never
He drank the coffee, ate the good food
thankfully and offered to pay for it with
some hoarded pieces of old worn silver,
but the woman shook her head.
" Put back your money. My boy was
a soldier," she said.
" But I am not a soldier well well,"
as he looked in her face, "I thank you
ana l take it tor its saKel"
He wished good-night to his kind en
tertainer and turned away. As he walked
off slow and limping, bent by infirmity,
the long skirt of his army overcoat
struck bright and blue against the
splendor of the sunset; he shaded his
eyes with one trembling hand and looked
wistfully at the rose aud amethyst door
that seemed to open in the west. What
saw he there? A little, round-shouldered
woman with a small, homely face ; a
lank, overgrown boy, with sparse, red
hair. Aye! and of such as these are
angels made! So watching, he passed
down into the shadows and disappeared.
The woman at the gate looked after
" No soldier!" she said, gently, "but
I wonder if the boy who died on his first
battle-field ever fought as he has, or
sacrificed as much to his country? All
the soldiers didn't go into the war with
flying flags and rolling drums ; some of J
them stayed at home and fought harder
battles. I'm glad I gave him a bite and
a sup! He is a soldier and a brave one,
too, and one day he will know it!"
And I think" she was right. Detroit
It is a canon of cookery that there
should be a little salt in all sweet dishes,
and a little sugar in all savory dishes,
but that the palate should not perceive
the mixture. In many of the recipes of
the fifteenth century large quantities of
sugar or honey are mixed with spices
and saffron, and few dishes can have
had distinctive flavor or color. Spices
and sugar were brought from Venice in
1485 ; the freight for gross spice, small
spice, and Levant sugar is regulated by
no lets a person than the Doge. Later
on, in 1505, pepper is worth 18 1-4 gros
the pound, equal to 56 ducats the cargo;
ginger from Alexandria, 24 gros, and
what comes from Portugal, of which
there is very little, fetches 17 gros. The
ducat at Antwerp is worth 76 gn3.
Milk and butter are so seldom usea we
infer they were very scarce articles.
"May butter" is once named as an in
gredient. Probablv no butter was made
for many months in the year, during
which the cows were too ill-fed to yield
milk, or the calves required it exclusive
ly. Salted butter there was, but over
salted and ill-made, and no improve
ment to "cookry." Milk of almonds is
constantly named, where we should use
cream of milk; though it must always
have been a costly material. Perhaps
the explanation is that these recipes
came from the South of France and
Italy, whore the climate does not favor
the use of cream. The impression we
receive from a study of these recipes is
not favorable to the taste of our ances
tors, havorv dishes are soolled bv th
While superstition is a very general
trait, 1 believe that I may claim that
negroes are, of all races, the most su
perstitious. They have as many omens
as the ancient Romans, some of thesa
being conueoted with birds, somewhat
like the Roman auguries. For instance.
1 If a forest bird takes refuge indoors, as
sometimes happens in a great storm,
negroes look on this as a oertaln an
nouncemont that death will soon visit
some member of the household. I re
member one day seeing a bird fly through
a window-that had been left open to air
fc" "uiu, uunu-; vury aevere winter.
I X -l.'lll A .
i iu my cnuunoou. An awe-stricKen ex
pression fell on the face of my sable
"mammy," who was present. She
shook her head and looked gloomily
around, and by a strange coincidence
not a month elapsed before a death oc
curred in our household, though of
course it might have happened and has
happened a thousand times that forest
birds have taken refuge indoors without
any such result following. We note only
the rare chance fulfillment, and not the
frequent failure of the omen. A young
Southern lady visiting a Northern city
one spring, remarked to her hostess one
day on the occasion of a wild bird flying
into her room during a storm, "That
would throw negroes in the South into
consternation. They always look on a
bird as a messenger of death under suck
Before the day was over the young
lady, by a coincidence, received intelli
gence of the death of her father's sister.
Negroes also always take it as a sign
of death if the "whip-poor will" comes
into tho porch and utters hia note. A
great many of them seem to hold
doves sacred, and to consider it sinful
to shoot them, probablv because tha
Holy Spirit manifested itself as a dove
at the baptism of our Lord.
Another superstition they have about
birds is, that if they get hold of the
combings of your hair and twist them
into their nests you will have a head
ache in consequence. Oncewhenlwas
complaining of headache in the pres
ence of a negro girl, she said : "You
ought to burn up all the combings from
your hair, and then your headache
would stop. The birds get hold of the
hairs you throw away, and twist them
into their nests, and that is what makes
your head ache." They used to have a
mortal terror of being conjured, and
this feeling, though on the wane, is not
entirely extinct, I believe. Certain ne
groes, generally old women, got the
credit of being conjurers in slavery
times, and if they stuck up two sticks
under the window of any of their fellow
servants against whom they had a
grudge that nigger was considered
doomed. I knew a negro woman who
fell into a decline and pined away under
the belief that she was conjured, and
her master could only break the spell by
sending her off to a hospital, where she
spent six month.
They have many signs and supersti
tions connected with corpses and funer
als. Nothing would induce one of them
to sweep beneath a bed on which a
coqise was laid. If the grave proves too
short they always look on that as a sign
that another member of the family will
soon die. Their morbid love of seeing
corpses and attending funerals is a very
iiiameu cuaracrensuc wiin mem.
Their movements are very much regu
lated by the moon, like the tide. For
instance, in planting vegetables, killing
hogs, making soap, and various other
operations, they are careful to select a
time when the moon is supposed to be
favorable. Irish potatoes are always
planted by them "on the dark of tne
moon," as they call it, and hog killing
is also done under similar auspices.
I know of a negro (a half insane one,
too,) who extricated himself very ably
from a dilemma by the aid of a vision.
This negro, partially insane, but not
considered sufficiently so to be placed
in confinement, roams about the streets
of Lynchburg and the adjacent country,
wearing a bright, fantastic garb, and
sticking gay feathers in his head when
ever his aberrations come on. A few
years ago he stole (if we may apply that
term to an irresponsible creature) and
killed a heifer belonging to one of his
brethren, an influential elder in his
church, who convened a meeting and
indignantly summoned him to appear
for the offense. The accused listened
very coolly to the indictment against
himself, and, without denying ths
charge, replied: "The fact is, brethren,
the way I came to kill that heifer was
because I had a vision. I saw an angel
who told me, Rise, Peter, slay and
eat,' and I was bound to do as he told
me, so I just killed the heifer." Si
lenced, if not convinced, his accusers
I recall another instance of a negro
explaining away his conduct by means
of a vision. One winter, some ten or
twelve years ago, when our Legislature,
with a sprinkling of sable representa
tives, was sitting in Richmond, an im
portant railroad bill, involving the in
terests of several Northern capitalists,
was before the House. There was a
negro member who at first vetoed the
bill, but suddenly went over to the other
side of the question. On being ques
tioned by a gentleman from the same
county as to this sudden change on his
part, he explained it away by saying he
had seen a vision ; that a man had ap
peared to him and told him that it was
very wrong for him to set himself
against the people who had freed him.
But later it transpired that the vision
which had wrought so great a change
was a check for a good round sum a
vision that politicians of his stripe are
more apt to see than a vision of angels.
Lynchburg (Va.) Cor. Philadelphia
A. Singular Revenge.
Prince Bismarck's traditional three
single hairs as the sole ornaments of his
massive head, have long been a favorite
subject of caricature with the Berlin
comic journals, but the Chancellor may
now recognize this characteristic of his
appearance depicted in stone over sev
eral windows in Potsdam. The owner
of these houses, according to the Atneri
can Register, is a rich capitalist who
has worked his way up from a simole
mason, with only one disaster in his life
the loss of his only son in the Franco
Prussian war. He regards Bfcmarok as
the author of the war, and therefore as
his son's murderer, and so adopts a
somewhat singular method of revenging
himself upon his enemy. Over the grave
of his son in the Potsdam Cemetery he
has erected a splendid mausoleum, sur
mounted by an owl with the face of
Prince Bismarck, three hairs and alL
On one of his houses the Bismarck
head looks over the cornice of each
window, with the three hairs represent
ed by small cannon. On another build
ing, similarly adorned, three serpeate
take the place of tbe hairs; while a third
house is now being built, and the cap!
talist's neighbors are eager to see what
fresh flattering ornament will be be
stowed on the Prince's head. Londm
WHOLE NO. 658.
Work aad Overwork.
Work, fairly proportioned to the pow
ers, is good and healthy for the organ
ism: no matter whether it be brain
work or body-work. The full exercise
of the powers, mental and bodily, is de
sirable and improves them so long as
the demand is not excessive. But when
the powers are called upon too freely,
then dauger looms ahead. Bodilv fa
tigue manifests i self in lassitude, is un
fitness for exertion, compelling rest
until tho sense of vigor is once more
experienced. Certainly, so far so good.
But these sensations are not always at
tended to. and too frequently are
fought off by determination and some
times by resort to stimulants. Barou
Justus von Liebig wrote thirty years
ago about the workingman who resorts
to spirits in order toeuable him to com
plete his task: "He draws, so to speak,
a bill on his health, which must be al
ways renewed, because for want of
means he cannot take it up; .he con
sumes his capital instead of his interest,
and. the result is the inevitable bank
ruptcy of his body." The s stem con
tains a reserve fund of energy upon
which we can draw in emergencies, and
this is known by the term "physiologi
cal capital." The body income is paid
in daily from the food we eat: the body
expenditure Is the daily outgoings. Tfc
excess of income over expenditure Is
the body capital. When the outgoings
are less than the incomings an accumu
lation of capital takes place in the body
bank; just as is the case in the money
bank, when more is paid in than is tak
en out, an accumulation follows. The
excess is termed the balance. Now,
when business firms reduce their bal
ance too far they are in danger of fail
ure if any sudden and uuforseen de
mand be made upon them. In fact,
if their balance be uneuual to their
demand they may become bankrupt.
They usually meet the demand by
drawing a bill payab'e at a certain
date. In the meantime they set to
work to provide the means to meet the
bill when it falls due. If they sue eed
all is welL If their outgoings just
equal their in omings sm h accumula
t on of means is imposs ble, and they
be ome bankrupt unless the- sue eed
in pra -tiddly staving off payment by
meeting the bill coming duo by draw
ing another. Yet the debt remains;
and bill-drawing is a costly device
wh:ch means absolute ruin at no very
d:Mant period. But during all this time
there is the grave danger of some new
demand, for which no similar s.-heme
w 11 or can provide, for their redit is
already mortgaged up to the hilt.
Smash then they must. Bankruptcy is
the natural end of fictitious capital.
Now. th s illustration will make clear
to the reader what is here meant about
physiologcal bankruptt-y. It means
the exhaustion of the body cap'tal and
collapse before some new demand.
Da'ly we pay into the body bank so
much, and every day we draw out so
much. Some davs the paying in is far
iu excess of the w thdrawal; then we
feel energetic. Many persons so cir
cumstanced feel a craving for some
thing to do. A walk, a row in a boat,
a game of tennis, anyth.ng that will
safely take away the surplus energy, ie
a'i eptable. Animals are just tbe same.
After a day or two in the kannel the
dog delights in a long day's hunt'ng.
So w th the horse; after a day or two in
the stable he is "fresh,"" as it is
termed, aud quite frolicsome when first
taken out. The cup is brimming: over!
On the other hand, man aud an'mal
alike enjoy a rest after severe and pro
longed exertion. But when the horse
must work every day his owner feeds
him up gives "him more stimulant
food. This, however, cannot go on
forever. The horse is at last found un
equal to his work, the veterinary sur
geon is called In, who pronounces him
' used up " and pres ribes a course of
" grass." That is, the horse is to have
a long hol'day, a rest in the country,
until he is strong aga'n. Good Wonts.
A Fruit Episode.
The chief editor unconsciously
munched awav at his slice of watermel
on, thoughtftifly considering meanwhile
an editorial on scientific progress. He
ate deliberately and daintily, and had
got half through the generous slice
when the idea that be was seeking
came to him. He picked up the pen
with one hand, and with the other ex
ecuted a s'ow, graceful sweep that car
ried the half-eaten slice, weighing about
two pounds, out of the open window to
the sidewalk where a hurried throng
was. He did not con-ider the hurry
ing throng. He was absorbed with his
Just at that moment there was a
sound of footsteps on the stair-tae.
You would have thought that the in
comer was taking two steps at a time,
possibly three. The incomer opened
the outer door as if he were a giant
powder cartridge, and the inner one
like a cyclone. His voice was like a
bull-dog's and his mouth had four cor
ners as he yelled, threateningly:
"Who done it?"
The chief editor beamed at him mild
ly through his glasses. 1 he man had
a watermelon air about him that was
curious. There were little hunks of
pink sticking closer than a brother all
lound his shirt-bosom, and there was
some in his eyes, and his ears, and
everywhere. Abig piece of rind pro
truded above his second shirt stud, and
from his looks you would have thought
he had swallowed a ripe watermelon
whole, and it had exp!oded and burst
through him. He appeared to be as
mad as the dickens.
"You are mistaken, my friend," said
the chief editor, with a think-of-the-poor-heathen
look. " Watermelons are
prohibited in this office. In the office
aove, however, they eat them contin
ually. I think you will find them at it
The man shot up stairs and blew
himself into the room over our heads,
while the chief editor locked both
doors and moved a desk against the in
'If he had seeu them." he said.
pointing to some seeds on the desk, " I
dead man." Sun Frattcisco
The murder of Joseph Scott, a po
liceman, in 1878, in Sacramento, CaL,
fias .or a long time been shrouded in
mystery. It was stated some time ago
that three prisoners in Sau guentin were
suspe -ted of th- crime. 1 homos Ham
ilton made a full confession a few days
since. fraying that he, Anderson,
O'Brien and Eddie Edwards arrived in
Sacramento the day of the murder.
They came from Lincoln on a freight
train, anil determined to rob some oue.
They saw a man on Seventeenth street.
and two of them went to hang him op,
while the other two stood by to render
assistance, if needed. The man was
Police Officer ScotL He resisted and
tried to draw a pistol, when Edwards
shot him. Edwards is not et in custo
dy. Sun Ft anciscQ BulU.i'n.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
The average number of graduates
this year from our Colleges is said to ba
the largest, ever known.
A "People's Church,' to cost $150,
000, to be erected in Boston, will be the
largest religious edifice in New England.
The bell at the First Congregational
Church in Exeter. N. H., gave out re
cently, after it had been rung morning,
noon and night for eighty-twoyears.
Mr. Samuel Swan, who has resigned
the office of Principal of the Phillip
SchooL Boston, has taught in the publio
sdnools of that city without interruption
The Methodist Episcopal Church, on
an average, organizes ten new Sunday
schools, dedicate-. fourteen new
churches, anil adds two new parson
ages, each week during the year.
Prof. Samuel Ives Curtis, of the
Chicago Baptist Theological Seminary
has been elected to the chair of Hebrew
in Andover Seminary, to succeed' Prof.
C. M. Mead, who retires.
The late Joseph Armour, the pork
packer, was not a Baptist, but he loft
the direction of his $100,000 institution
for the training of Chicago boys and
girls to Dr. Lorimer. His brothers
will increase the endowment and make
it one of the leading charities of Chi
cago. N. Y. Express.
At the commencement exercises at
Harvard College, the other dav. Presi
dent Eliot announced that the bequests
for the year were nearly 1400,000.
Among those present was the oldest
living graduate, William Thomas, ol
Plymouth, Mass., of the class of 1807.
The women of India are beginning
to disregard caste restrictions and seek
an education. At the matriculation ex
amination of Calcutta University eight
women passed, six of them being na
tives of India, and at Bombay seven
women passed. At the first arts ex
amination at Calcutta, a woman ob
tained a scholarship of the first grade.
The catalogue of the Indian Uni
versity at Talequah, Ind. Ten. shows
an attendance of sixty-eight students,
of whom four are pfoparing for the
ministry. Of the whole number fifty
three are Cherokees, and five Del'a
wares, while seven are whites; thirty
six are j'oung women. Norma Rasmus,
taking the highest standing of the year,
ninety-six per cent., and twenty stand
ninety or over. Yet " the Indian can
not be civilized!" N. Y. Examiner.
The Rev. Dr. Joseph Aldcn. who.
at the age of seventy-live, has retired
from the Presidency of the New York
State Normal School at Albany, has had
a long and honored career as an educa
tor of youth. He was. after being
graduated at Union College, for two
years tutor in geometry anil Latin at
Princeton: seventeen years Professor of
Rhetoric and Political Economy at Wil
liams College: five years Professor of
Mental and Moral Philosophy at Lafay
ette College; six years President of
Jefferson College, Pennsylvnuia; anil
fifteen years President of the Normal
School at Albany. N. Y. Herald.
Several weeks ago Mr. Joseph Bucklo
and Mr. Thomas Latch came to Littlo
Rock from a Northern City for the pur
pose of engaging together in business.
Shortly after arriving and looking
around. Buckle remarked: "
"Latch, I have hit upon a happy idea.
You see, these people are great on the
chivalry business. No man stands so
high here as a lighter. When the peo
ple find that a man will fight, they en
tertain a high regard for him. Suppose
now, that we become involved in a news
paper controversy, and finally fight a
duel. Say that you challenge me. We
will have a coupje of .seconds, of course
having it understood that there are to
be no bullets in the pistols. We will go
out, exchange a fow shots, make friends
and then go into business together.
This will be the biggest advertisement
we could have and the peojile will flock
to us. Bravery in the first place and
magnanimity in the second, you see."
"That is. indeed, a capital idea," re
joined Buckle." " Yes, sir, people wiJI
point at us and say, they are two of the
bravest and best men in town."
They immediately began a contro
versy through the newspapers. Latch
called Buckle a squint-eyed liar. Then
Buckle called Latch a goggle-eyed liar.
Latch called Buckle a spotted liar with
a cod-fish eye, and Buckle challenged
him. Arrangements were made with a
couple of seconds to whom the whole
thing was explained, and who consid
ered the plan a hne piece of invention.
The men were to fight with Derringers,
distance ten paces. A grove, just out
side of the city limits, was chosen as the
battle ground. On the night before the
duel was to take place, the seconds met
in a beer saloon, and while sitting at a
table, one of them remarked:
" Say. of course, we are paid for this
thing, but after thinking the mattei
over, banged if I like the idea of giving
a reputation of bravery to a couple ol
cowards. Suppose, in order to remove
the counterfeit part of the affair, and to
sustain our own characters, we load the
pistols with small shot. We get out
money, you see. in advance."
The other second agreed.
The morning came, bright and beau
tifuL The officers of the law knew
nothing of the approaching duel, vel
there was considerable excitement
among the people. A large crowd
assenibled on the grounds. The com
batants, seconds and surgeons arriveiL
" 1 do not like to enter into blood
shed," said Latch, majestically," bul
Mr. Buckle has insulted me. I have
never in my life borne an insult I give
Mr. Buckle' another opportunity tore
tract" " I never retract," replied Buckle, in
n firm voice. " What I have said, I
stand by with ray life. I am not afraid
to die, sir. My reputation to me is
worth more than my life."
"As you will have it" said Latch,
slowly, turning to take position. "I
had hoped that I would never again be
forced to shed blood in defense of mj
honor, but it is as 3-011 will have it"
The antagonists were placed in posi
tion. The seconds winked at eact
" Ready, aim. fire !" Bang ! Bang!
A couple of loud yells arose. Buckle
ran around with one ear almost gqn
and one eye almost knocked out Latch
writhed in agonv and blood. You
cursed fool !" yelled Buckle, rushing up
to Latch. " What made you shoot me.
Ain't you got no sense ?"
" Go away P' howled Latch, "or I'll
kick the life" out of you."
The people couldn't understand whj
a duel should terminate so violently.
The two seconds looked ut each othei
and winked. Buckle and Latch are
now in a Northern hospitaL Arkansat
Wastefulness treads o the heels o!
extravagance, and the n,odel farmex
will not tolerate either en, his premises.
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