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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 6, 1882)
ISStKD EVERY WEDNESDAY,
M. Iv. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
KATES OF AJDTEMTI9U!;.
7"Businss and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annnm, first
13 For time advertisemsnts, apply
at this office.
iSTLsgal advertisements at status
j3TFor transient adTSrtlslnf, m
rates on third page.
33TAU advertisements payable
rims A5D nenuH.
Z3T OFFICE. Eleventh St.. up stairs j
in Journal Building.
Per year ... .
VOL. XIIL-NO. 82.
COLPMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 6, 1882.
WHOLE NO. 66.
C. H. VasWyck, U. S. Senator, Neb
Alviv sacnder5,U. 5. Senator.Omaha.
E. K. Valentine, Rep.. West Paint.
T.J. Majors, Contingent Rep Peru.
Albinus Nance. Governor, Lincoln.
s.J. Alexander, -secretary of State.
John Wallich-, Auditor. Lincoln.
;. M. Birtlt-tt. Treasurer. Lincoln.
C.J. Oil worth, Attorney-General.
VT.VT. W. lone-. Supt. Public Instruc.
C.J. N'obe-. Warden of Penitentiary.
'nVVVb,biey' Prison Inspectors.
J.O. Carter. Pri-on Physician.
U.P. Mathewson.Supt. Insane Asylum.
George B Lake. voci:lte j,jces.
Amaa ( obb. t
S. Maxwell. Chief Ju-ti'e.
fourth jrnrri.L iisti:ic.
it. Y. 1'o-t. Judari, York.
31. IS. Uee-e. I)i-trict Attorney, YV'ahpo.
31. IS. lloxif. U-sI-ter. Grand I-land.
Wm. Ail) an. Receiver. (Srand 1-land.
State Senator, .M. K. Turner.
Rejin -t-nt.-itivr. J. W. Lehman.
Ci H STY DIRECTORY:
J. G. Hiiririn-. County Jmlse.
John MuunVr. Comitv rjrk.
c. A. NVwmw. ( !erk Ii"t. Court.
.1. W. Earlr. Traurer.
1M . Kaia'tiamrhheriff.
L. J. i rmr. surveyor.
31. .Maker. )
J-eu Rivet, V
H. J Hml-nn. )
lr. A . Heintz, Coroner.
J. E. 3Iottirif "upt.of School.
XXJTZ" r'lWtt,' l Ju-tice,ofthePeace.
. 31. Coriielni-.t
J. R. 3Iea!rhr. Mivor.
A. P.. CotTroth. Clerk.
J. B. Del-man. Treisiirer.
W.N. Hfn-l.-, Police Judce.
J. E. North. Engineer.
1st Ward J.hn Kiekly.
G. A. liroedor.
'M Ward -Pat. ILtv..
3d War I J . R i- m u - - n .
A. A. smith.
oliii!itu lo-i Office.
open on und.ix- trin 11 a.m. to 12m.
and from i-.:W t ti i. m. ISu-ine--liours
ef pt "umlavtl A..M.10 3 l M.
Ea-trn mail- elo-e at 11 a. m.
W'-tern maili elo-e at 4 :!." i-.M.
.Mail l:ie- Columbu- for Lost Creek.
Genoa. -t. Edward-. Albion, Platte
enter. Humphrey, Madi-nn and Nor
folk. eery day (except Sundays) at
4:X p. m." Arrive- at 1:35.
For shell Creek and Cre-ton, arrive-at
1-2 m. Lei es 1 v. m.. Tue-day-, Thurs-1j-
and "-aturd.i -.
For lexi-. Patron and David City,
Tue-dav-. Thur-dav- and Saturday-,
1 1. m Arrie- it 12 M.
For cnklin.' Tui-day- and Saturday
7 a. m. Arrive.- o n. in. -ame dav-.
I,'. I. Time
Eastward B uml.
it C:1' a. m.
10:.v; a. m.
2:1." p. m.
4:30 a. in.
t 2:00 p. m.
4:27 p. m.
4 6:00 p. m.
. . 1::50 a. m.
Emigrant. No. 'i. leave- at
Pa en'r, " 4,
Freight. " N
FreiirJjf. " 1". "
Freisrht. No. ."i, leave? at
Pa enir'r, " :?. '
Freight. " '.. "
Every day except Saturday the three
line- leading to Chicago connect with
lr P. train- at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, a?
-bown by the following schedule:
B. & 31. TIME TABLE.
Leave- Colutuun-, ':." a.m.
Bell wood 0-:S) "
David City. . .. 7.20 "
Ulv e- :2. "
Staplehurst, :" "
" Seward, . ... I:I50 "
Rubv. . 9:"0 '
3Iilford. 10:1" "
Plea-ant Dale, . . 10:4.. "
Emerald. .. 11:10 '
Arrive-at Lincoln, 11:4." M.
Leave- Lincoln at 2:2-1 P. M. and a
rive- in Columbu- v"" P. m.
3Iake- clo-e connection at Lincoln for
all point- ea-t. we-t and -otitb.
O., N. B. H. ROAD.
Time Schedule No. 4. To take effect
June 2. "1. For the government and
information of .'inployce- only. The
Company reere- the right to
therefrom at plea-ure. Train
Norfolk . 2t" a. M.
Columbu- 4:."l" P.M.
1M. Centre .1:42 "
3ladi-on 7:01 "
I 3Iunon 7:4. '
3Iadi-on .:20 "
I IIumphrev!:0.1 '
! PI. centre 0:4
I Lo-tCreekI0.i '
Albion 7:4;J i.M.
. st. Edwards:" "
;enoa !:14 '
Columbu- 1H:4.1 "
Columbu- 4:4.1 p.m.
J o?t Creek-i.:i "
Genoa 0:10 '
H. LTJIRS fc CO,
ew Krirk Miop i.-it HflnU'i Drue More.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORJC ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eleventh Street. Columbus, yebraska.
S. J. HARMOY, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodation?. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
jg-TSet a Fii-a-CIa Table-
Meals, 25 Cts. Lodgings.... 25 Cts.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAX, Proprietor.
SSTWholesale nd Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
XSTIIentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk Street, Scstk of Dapat.
pOKELIUS Sc SUNLIT AJf,
Upstairs in Gluck Building, 11th itreet,
Above the New bank.
TT J. IIUIMHKV,
12th Street, i doors west of HaaMond Roue,
Columbus, Neb. 491-y
K. M. 1. THIRSTO,
Office over corner of 11th and Xorth-st.
All operations tirst-class and warranted.
ilill'ACiO BARBEK SHOP!
HEX BY WOODS, Prop'r.
t-Evcrvthing in first-class style.
Al-o keep the best of cigars. 510-y
r i:i:k &. reeder,
A TTOJSXEYS AT LA W,
Office on Olive St., Columbus, Nebra-ka.
f G. A. IirLLHORT, A. 31.. 31. D.,
pg-Two Blocks outh of Court House.
Telephone communication. 5-ly
'A TTORNE YS A T LA W,
Office up-stairs in 3IcAlliter's build
ing. Uth St. W. A. 3IcAllister, Notary
O. EVA, n. .,
PH YSICIAX fc SURGEON.
TgT Front room, up-stairs in Gluck
building, above the bank, 11th St. Calls
an-wered night or day. .1-6in
J. M. MACFARLANP,
A:ur7 izfSr-7 ?s!:.
B. K. COWDKRV,
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MACFARXjAND & COWDERS
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
EO. -. DERRY.
iSTCarriage, house aud sign painting,
glazing, paper hanging, kal-omining, etc.
doue to order. Shop ou loth St., opposite
Engine House, Columbu-, Neb. 10-y
Nth St., nearly opp. Gluck's store,
Sells Harness Saddle-, Collars, Whips,
Rlauket". Curry Combs, Brushes, etc..
at the lowest po.--ible prices. Repairs
promptly attended to.
LAND AND INSURANCE AGENT,
His lands comprise some tine tracts
in the Shell Creek Valley, and the north
ern portion ot Pl.tte county. Taxes
paid for non-residents. satisfaction
guaranteed. 20 y
Justice of the Peace and
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Columbus
Nebraska. N. B. He will give
close attention to all business entrusted
'.o him. 243.
T OU1S SCHREIBEB,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc., made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
JSTShop opposite the " Tattersall,"
Olive Street. "25
ER 4c WESTCOTT,
Are prepared to furnish the public wJth
good team, buggies and carriage for all
occasions, especially for funerals- Also
conduct a feed and sale stable. 49
IS PREPARED, WITH
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give nim a ctill.
J. E. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the nrst Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transaction of any other business
pertaining to schools. 367-y
pOLinKUM PACKING CO
COL UMB US, - XEB.,
Packers and Dealers in all kinds of Hog
product, cash paid for Live or Dead Hog
Directors. R. H Henry, Prest.; John
Wiggins. Sec. and Trea.; L. Gerrard, S.
Tame sal. no:,
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard. Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 6mo.
Wines. Ales. Cigars and Tobacco.
iSSchilz's 3Iilwaukee Beer constant
ly on hand.g
Eleventh St.. Columbus. Neb.
JS. MUKDOCK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Havehadan extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is. Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunitytocstimateforyou. JSTShop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof &
Co'. store. Columbus. Nebr. 4-SS-v
A week made at homo bv the
industrious. Bet buines
now before the public. Capital
not needed. We will start
yoa. 3fen. women, boys and girls want
ed everywhere to work for us. Now is
the time. You can work in spare time, or
give your whole time to the business
No other business will pay you nearly a
well. No one can fail to make enonnou
pay by engaging at once. Costly outfi
and terms free. .Money made fast, easil
and honorably. Address True Jfc Coy
Augusta, 3faide. 31-v
OFFICERS and directors.
A. ANDERSON, Pres't.
SAM'L C. SMITH. Vice Pres't.
O. T. ROEN, Cashier.
J. W. EARLY,
W. A. -MCALLISTER,
Foreign and Inland Exchange, Passage
Ticket.-, Real Estate, Loan anu Insurance.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK HILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COLUMBUS, XEB.
Dr. A. HEINTZ,
KS, MEDICIIES. CHEMICALS.
Fine Soaps, Brushes,
PEEFUMEBY, Etc., Etc.,
And all articles usually kept on hand by
Physicians Prescriptions Carefully
Eleventh street, near Foundry.
COLUMBUS, : NEBRASKA.
SPE1CE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on fire or ten years
time, in annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstractor title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
Patent Roller Process
ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION,
Because it make a superior article of
bread, aud is the cheapest flour
in the market.
Every sack warranted to run alike, or
HERMAN OEHLRICH & BRO.,
DEALER IN ALL KINDS OF
I KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A
WELL SELECTED S TOChT.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
Goods DIiTrel Free to aay
part of the City.
I AM ALSO AGENT FOR THE CEL
Fami and Spring Wagons,
of which I keep a constant supply on
hand, but few their equal, in style and
quality, second to none.
CAXX AUD LEARW PRICES.
Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near
A. J: X. Depot.
MORNING IX THE CITY.
What charm Are thine, ok, iocenM, bnatfcloff
How blessed with dewy freshness the
Before the dawn I hear the milkman' horn
Blow at my gate with every-swelling power.
rne ruey-omrered hour far In the jiowiac
Touch all the skies with streaks of gold and
Food for the eyes, though for my morning
I usually take a little roll in bed.
The English sparrow, just outside my gate.
Salutes the morn with many a rasping
rhe cartman, with slow wheels that creak and
Inspires his laggard steed with shout and
And now the baker's bell, with dire alarm.
Ding doiurs and clangs: in tones that fairly
Die human blood, a huckster from the farm
Comes down the street and yells: "Nice
With rattling- sticks along the picket fence
Rush down the street loud swarms of whist
And every man in all this city dense
Starts up and greets the day with some new
Wash-tubs to mend
come bawling down
"Ouldhats! ould hat3!
shakes the door;
fresh cut's meat!'."
ould hat3l" just
Here's your nice
While "M-o-r-ning papiz!" swell the thun
peaceful morn! oh, blushing, cloudless
How sweet to kiss thy dewy-scented breath!
How sweet to grasp a club and fall upon
Yon shrieking boy. and maul him half to
Pythons and Anacondas Snakes Eggs and
How They Are Hatched Rattlesnakes as
Food for Human Stomachs AdrenturM
There was brought to the Star office
by Mr. G. O. Starr yesterday an enorm
ous erg. It was twice the size of a
joose-egjr. but was not as regular in
ihape. The outer covering, instead of
being hard and brittle like a shell, was
so soft that it could be easily indented
by the finger. This singular egg was
cold and clammy to the touch, and it
gave a person who handled it an un
comfortable feeling like1 that which
would result from contact with a snake,
toad or frog.
"This egg." said Mr. Starr, "was
iaid by the three-hundred-pound python
.vhich was brought to this citv by Mr.
G. B. Bunnell a few days aro. The
u-?Dr." a 1CV u;i-3 f,0 Z
python is sitting upon a nest full of such
gg. auu iu a auuri unit: a ioi oi utile
nakes will be hatched out. Thev will
oe nice pets for people who have an ad-
miration for reptiles. The mother snake
is twenty-five feet in length, and she is
coiled upon her nest and patiently await
ing the advent of her young. Her tem
er is just like that of a setting hen.
5he is very ugly, and if she is disturbed
ihe manifests her displeasure in a way
vhat gives all meddlers to understand
jhat she wishes to be let severely alone."
"What shall I do with this thing?"
was the inquiry made by the represent
ttive of the Star, to whom the python's
gg was handed.
" You can have it hatched artificial
ly," was the reply of the donor. "Just
fceep it in cotton in a place which is
neither too warm nor too cold, and the
first thine- von know vou will b thn
owner of a real, live python. The if
ou take proper care ot the young
snake, it will grow so large that "it will
be able to coil about you and crush you
in its vice-like folds."
Mr. WT. A. Conkling. Superintendent
of the Central Park Menagerie, speak
ing of reptiles, said: " There is scarcely
any animal that commands so much
aversion as the serpent, and yet, in spite
of this, it is one of the most interesting
pf all that come before the naturalist.
Yet little attention has been paid to
the snake, as compared to others
of the animal kingdom. The ancient
writers speak in respectful tones of ser-
oents of size and power. Aristotle tells '
of the immense Lybian serpents, so i
large that they pursued and upset some
of the voyagers' boats that visited that .
coast. The story of the gigantie snake
that threw the armv of Regulus into dis-
order bv killing and devouring several
of hissoldiers, and squeezing a few hun
dred to death in his folds, will be re
membered. Regulus finally killed the
monster by aid of the engines used to
assail fortified places. The skin of this
python was 120 feet in length, and for
years adorned one the temples
Mr. Conkling added: "The story ' in that State are particularly plump,
that snakes cover their prey with saliva and exceedingly inviting to the palate
is an error. Sir Robert Ker Porter says J of an epicure. According to the ortho
tic python does not first cover its .prey ' dox method, the rattler is skinned and
with saliva The mucous does not pour , cut up into pieces about an inch or an
out oi me gianus unless tne prey is large
and it is required to lubricate the jaws
and throat for the seemingly dispropor
tionate feasL Pythons will clinsr bv the
tail to some tree growing in the water,
anu men noat upon tnesunace anu wait
for animals that mav come to the water
to qu-nch their thirst. They often feed
upon each other. In the Zoological
Gardens in London, one who had Rved
for years on friendly terms with a '
brother nearly as large as himself, was
found one morning sole tenant of his
As the cage was secure, the keep-1
er was puzzled to know how the serpent
nail escaped. At last it was discovered
that the remaining inmate had swollen
remarkably during the night, when the
truth came ouL But if vou want a srood
up and down snake story, let me intro
duce you to Prof. Hutchfngs."
"Can I tell you anything about
snakes? I should sav so,'" said the Rev.
Mr. Hutchings. lightning calculatorand
lecturer upon Bunnell wonders. bir!
I could tell you facts, sir-facts in rela-
tion to the betrayer of our common
mother that would overwhelm you with
amazement. I remember one in the
vear 1864. I was at Gilbert's Museum.
Market, near Second. San Francisco.
CaL Fifty in gold and all expenses.
Those were glorious days; gold way up,
and myself generally in a like condi
tion. I noticed for several days a man
they called Reynolds hanging about the
place. He was a man about fifty, no
taller than myself, gray locks hanging
Dver his shoulders. A bent form like a
tree that had been brought up wrong.
Eyes with a far-away look. He had a
peculiar gliding motion, and his feet,
muffled in slippers, gave forth no more
sound than the reptile. Shortly after I
noticed the proprietor advertised for
snakes. One day a mountaineer came
in with a box pierced with air-holes.
From the inside came a sound like unto
the rattle of musketry.
" What yer got, stranger?' said Rey
nolds, pushing through the crowd.
" Rattlers? said the mountaineer.
" Let me take one,'
reaching for the box.
" ' Better look out;
they bite, and
whm tjev bite they kill.
was the reply.
" If yer brought these in answer to
the advertisement them's my snakes,'
said Reynolds, as he plunged his hand
into the" box. In a second he brought
forth a six-foot rattlesnake, and holding
it between a thumb and finger looked at
it. The far-away look in the eyes of
the mysterious man had given way to a
dancing, sparkling brilliancy, bafore
which the snake was powerless.
44 Ain't he jpurty ? See the sun strike
its handsome hide and cum back in rain
bow colore. Kiss me, boy.'
" Slowly the deadly serpent went to
wards his mouth, and then darted down
his throat. The crowd did not move;
they scarcely breathed. I felt my hair
rising; I might say, in New Haven slang:
We were paralyzed.' At all events.
we were rooted to the spot as firmly as
the Pyramids are to Egypt's sand In
an instant his hands were in the box,
and no less than twenty of these deadly
animals were dancing around him to
the music of their rattles. The mount
aineer was pale as a sheet, and trembled
as with the ague. Back went the snakes
into the box. Turning to the mount
aineer, Reynolds exclaimed: 'Wharf's
the matter; are ye cold?' His voice
broke the spell; the mountaineer gave
one look, and then made for the door.
He never came for pay for those snakes."
Among the visitors to see the enor
mous 300-pound python on exhibition
there was a native of Central America.
He told the attendant at the door that a
long residence in a warm climate had
made him perfectly tamiliar with rep
tiles and their habits. He arknowl
edged that the python in the museum
was a wonderful serpent, but he said
he had seen niany such in Guatemala.
A representative of the Star, who hap
pened to come along just then and
overheard the Central American's re
marks, asked him to relate some of his
experiences with snakes. The man was
a veteran of sixty-live or seventy years.
His face was bronzed, and his " hair,
which he wore long, was as straight as
that of an Indian. He was full six feet
tall, and the laukness of his figure g-ive
him a singular appearance. He told
the reporter that his name was Senor
Jose Dece. that he was born in Mexico,
and left that country for Central Amer
ica when a young man. The Senor
was well educated, and is able to speak
in the English language with the same
fluency that he does in his native
tongue. He said:
"I have camped in swamps and
thickets, and slept with pythons and
anacondas crawling all about me. I
never thought of being afraid of them.
The stories told in books of immense
snakes attacking large animals and
men. coiling about them and crushing
and swallowing their prey, are for the
most part exaggerations. It is true
I that am3 are ofteQ yled and
swallowed whole by anacondas and
boa-constrictors; but it is safe to say
that no full-grown man was ever made
a meal of by a serpent."
' Were you ever attacked by a ser
pent?" the reporter asked.
' I never had one tackle me, but a
sailor with whom I was acquainted had
a pretty severe experience. He was
walking in a thicket ou one moonlight
night, twenty-five or thirty years ago,
when he suddenly found himself encir
cled with the folds of a tremendous
snake. I suppose he would have drawn
a knife from his pocket and cut the
reptile in two. but unfortunately for
him he did not happen to have any cut
ting instrument with him at the time.
So all that was left for him to do was
to struggle and free himself the best
' wa7 he could. He made a desperate
1 effort and loosened himself from what
wis a very close embrace Once free,
he procured a stick and pounded the
anaconda upon its head until it was
dead. There is a certain spot at the
base of a snake's head which, if struck
even a slight blow, will cause death."
"Is an anaconda good for human
"Now, that is a question which is very
hard to answer. It may be wholesome,
but I think it wonld be prettv tough
eating for any human being who has an
ordinary set of teeth and the average
' digestion. I think I would prefer good
beefsteak or a tenderloin if I wanted a
. good square meal."
' Is any kind of snake suitable for
"O, yes; rattlesnakes are delicious
I have been in coun
formed a large share
tries where thev
of the regular diet of the inhabitants."
" To what countries do you refer?"
"Well, sir, the people of Brazil and
Chili eat rattlesnakes: but you need not
go so far away from New York to find
seroent-eaters. The folks down in the
northern part of the State of Pennsyl
vania eat rattlesnakes. Ihe sernents
. inch and a half long, and then fried the
same as you would cook an eel. I have
eaten rattlers lots of times. Thev taste
something like eels, only a great deal
( sweeter. I prefer rattlesnakes to frogs
, anv dav
dav in tne week. t rogs are in
"Did you ever see a pyramid of
"If you mean one of those conical
piles of reptiles, such as Livingston saw
in Africa I will tell vou that I never
i saw a pyramid; but I have seen a heap
0r biff tn0ts of 'serpents'all twisted and
entertwined in a wriggling, squirming,
slimv, hissing bunch. I was exploring
t a cave in South America a few vcars
ago, when I came to a passage that was
so low and narrow that I waseompelled
to get down and crawl upon my hands
and knees. I had to hold my torch in
my teeth, and. as I could not manage
if. wrv wall mv linrfif trna avt inrnTichtnl
i .nH m r,i',- w.,f; ,r ,U
( along darkness. Suddenly f felt
something cold and slimv against mv
hamls. j. knew from the" feeIing that'r
had touched a snake. Then 1 blindly
. nnt. mi- honHa rnnnni ,nH thmt tm
into a nest of serpents. You can be-
lieve that I got out of that place
speedily as possible." N. Y. Star.
A man undertook to paint the de
struction of Pharaoh's host in the Red
Sea on one of the walls of a room!
After a very short time he much sur
prised his "employer bv asking him to
come and view the finished picture. On
going to inspect it he found the walls
covered with red paint. " Where are
the children of Israel?" he asked.
"Gone over," answered the painter.
" Where are Pharaoh's host?" he next
inquired. "All drowned," said the
Three hundred and fifteen vessels,
ot a total burthen of 169,715.o4 tons, an
owned by the Bath (Me.) citizens. The
value of "this shipping, averaged at -522
per ton. a low estimate, is $:J,6:i3.744.
On these vessels 769 officers and 2.34:2
sailors, a total of 3,112 men. are em
ployed. James Gordon Bennett cares well
for the family of Jack Cole, the insane
boatswain of the Jeannette. He em
ploys the oldest boy at a salary of $21
per week and subscribes $75 per month
for the support of the five other children.
A Walk la tke Lendoa Sewers.
Most of the prevailing impressions as
u the London sewers have no founda
tion in fact, as. for instance, that thieves
hide in them, that they are swarming qq goe3 around the country trading
with nits, and that they are frequented I horses and selling a cure for ring-bone
by aged mudlarks who scratch among ; Prof. SnatHe. the eminent veterinary
the filth in search of spoil The idea surgeon: because where a pbvsician who
that they are exceedingly unpleasant ministers to human suffering, wfth all
places to explore is more natural, but the learning and skill the colleges can
is commonly exaggerated. There are give him, il content and proud to be
some scores of back streets in London called, doctor, the traveling "hoss doc
which are much more trying to the tor" alwavs and evervwhere " Pro
nostrils than a main sewer. As one of j feasor." A "man hires a hall and teach
mv companions said-" Thev 2et a rood a nrml tn H-in... Pmf T.TcrhtfnntL
deal more of it up above than we do He mav not be able to make out "his own
rlrttxrr, tiara " on nnmmn tn ,v"l,TK rtn . ia"iil J i l .-?1 ?.t -..-...-
inclined to concur. The filth which
..i v.u.uu . .. .... . ...
must uecessarilymake its way into the
sewers has been in some degree chastised
into cleanliness before it reaches the
main lines, and the discomfort of an ex-
ploration is caused by water and by the
Cioseness of tne atmosphere ratner
than by any disagreeable effluvia. The
King's" Scholars' Pond sewer follows the
line of a natural depression from be
yond the Swiss Cottage to Pimlico. The
water is drawn off in the manner al
ready described at a point uear the junc
tion of Oxford street and Davies street.
Thence for some distance the pavement
of the sewer is almost dry. Every few
yards of our progress, however, dis
closetl to us some new inlet. Some
of these were mere earthenware pipes,
with a stench-trap affixed. Others
were square brick "gullies," generally
in a bad state of repair. These are
all private property. The more im
portant connections, which are under
the control of the Board of Works, are
solidly built, and are in shape like
a huge egg standing on the thin end.
Here and there glimpses may be ob
tained of old and disused sewers, as un
derneath Davies street, where a long
low tunnel brings us into a space al
most as large as a village church, and
with a roof so constructed as to suggest
A large sewer is very gloomy and
mysterious. It has most resemblance
to the tuunel of a cana!. As we walked
along the water gathered about our
feet. It seemed to enter in insignifi
cantly small quantities a bucketful
now and then running down a drain
pipe, a continuous trickle here and
there from one of the street connec
tions yet after about a mile or so we
were walking in water up to our knees.
Then once more we heard the sound of
rushing and tumbling, this time in
front of us; and b and by were able
to pass over a weir on to dry ground.
Our course lay under Berkeley Mews,
down Clarges street, and across Picca
dilly. Our companions aboe ground
had" saluted us at every entrance as we
passed, and on reaching Piccadily we
determined to have a breath of "fresh
air. We emerged in the Green Park.
It had been raining, and the strong
sunlight was sparkling on dripping
leaves aud moistened grass. Around
us a flock of sheep was feeding, and
for a moment it seemed as if we were
miles away from town. To enjoy a
London park thoroughly nothing is
necessary but to come upon it suddenly
from a sewer. It was a poor exchange
for the sheep, when we had once more
descended, to encounter the first rat.
We saw. perhaps, a dozen more during
the remainder of our journey. Of the
many varieties enumerated by Mr.
Browning, only one seem to frequent
the sewers. Sewer rats are gray; and
it is a peculiarity of theirs that, though
they do not like" to be driven into the
water, they can swim admirably. It is
also worth noting that they have mas
tered the secret of a stench-trap, and
can get into the drains with ease.
to be cunnfnjly introduced under
flooring of our houses instead of being
n,,F.uffH,nfmf a ta
In " the good old times" sewers used
carrietf along the front.
ago the King's Scholars'
would have taken us under Buckingham
Palace. Now, however, it makes a bold
curve, sweeps round in front, and passes
under the gardens. It gets broader and
higher from this point, and there are
more frequent glimpses of the upper
world. Through small square gratings
the sunshine penetrates, making tall
obelisks of light, which, inverting them
selves, are dimly repeated in the black
waters. "Archbishop Manning lives
mere, said one ot my companions,
puiiiuug iu a square jaru oi stone
work that was visible through one of
these grates. We fixed our locality in
this way as we went along. Such
casual glimpses of the world above
served to relieve a journey which,
much to the wonder of the passers-by.
was again broken in Victoria Street
From thence we had what the chief of
my guides described as a "stiff bit."
The water was broad and deep, and
there was a heavy, clinging sediment at
the bottom. Be-ides we had to pass
underneath a great brewery, where all
the drains vomited steam." The effect
was much the same as if we had been in
a Turkish ba"th. and matters were scarce
ly improved when the close and heavily
laden air warned us that we were ap
proaching the gasworks at Pimlico.
Here, after wading through the deepest
piece of water that we had yet encoun
tered we came upon the" last of the
openings through which the sewer
empties itself into the lower levels.
Thenceforward, instead of having the
earth above us. we had merely a wooden
roofing, and after passing through what
seemed like the hull of a great ship,
and was exactly similar in form, we
came upon the double flood-gates which
interpose between the sewer and the
Thames. Only on occasion of a great
storm do these require to be opened,
and then the whole course over which
we had traveled is occupied by an im
petuous torrent, which not infrequently
rises to the height of sLx or seven feet.
Pall Mall Gazette.
Good Morning, Professor.'
Jn this favored land the Professor is
running, the Colonel a pretty close race,
and the Colonel may just as well under
stand that he has to hump himself or
he'll get shut out at the distance pole.
Just after the close of the war the Col
onel took such a start that the most
sanguine friends of the Professor admit
ted that he never could catch up. Bat
the Professor is one of the immortal few
that were not born to die, and while the
Republic lasts he will be on deck. Seed
time and harvest may faiL summer may !
cease and the winter may not endure, i
morning and even time mav pass awav. I
but the Professor will be here. This is ;
the country for him. and while it is defi-
nitely settled by the last census that the
coionei is aying out. anu tnat there is
now but one Colonel to every thirty
seven of population, the Professor is
on the increase and holds all that he
The title is most honorable, and at
one time it represented only the broad
est scholarship, the profoiindest learn
ing. It represented long years of hard,
patient study of men and books and
things. It "meant thought. It meant
brains. It meant wisdom. It meant
standing in the world of intellect. It
r- i .-
was a title hard to win and sparingly
A new barber comes to town and
opens "tonsorial parlors" one room
and two chairs he is Prof. Scraper. A
Dins, auu speiw sunoitisae wuu sevcu
letters, but he is Professor. A circus
employe goes up in a balloon Prof.
Gasbag, tne daring aeronaut. A retired
prize hshter opens a srvmnasium and
, boxino-school Prof. Bruiser, instructor
( 0f physical science and muscular devel-
opment. A man takes his nue and
' makes thirty-nine bull's eyes in the tar-
fet out of a possible forty at eight hun
red yards Prof. Globesite, all o er the
, country, fast as the mail and telegraph
can confer his degree. A Texas cow
i boy comes north and breaks horses for a
living --Prof. Toecalk. A man swims
further than any other man Professor.
A man cuts corns and cures bunions for
a living Professor;
he waltzes three
hours without resting Pro.'essor:
, the fiddle ami imparts to others the se
crets of the diabolical art Professor;
i walks a slack rope stretched across the
street -Professor; goes without eating
twenty days Professor; rides four
horses bareback Professor; sings in the
choir professor; teaches a brass band
' Professor; cures warts Professor;
i plays billiards for a living Professor;
trains dogs -Professor; performs some
i clever tricks of sleight of hand Profes
sor; does anything in the world except
teach, and knows less of books and
I schools than he does of Heaven Pro-
The Colonel differs widely from the
1 Professor in that no reason is ever as-
i sigued for his being. A man is simply
called "Colonel," either becase he was
a Lieutenant in the army or never was
in the army, it is immateriaL He is
just Colonel, that's all. But the Pro
fessor claims his title by reason of his
" profession," whether it be the cob
bling of shoes or training of dogs. And
as occupations increase in variety so the
Professor increases in number.
: There is honor in the honorable old
title still, to the scholars who have
earned it well and wear it with dignity.
And it is a shame that the title which
belongs exclusively to their world should
have its livery worn in the circus, the
rat-pit and the stables. Let us boycott
the bogus Professor as an act of simple
justice to the Professor whom we all es
teem. Burlington Haivkege.
A Diamond Headlizht.
"While abroad I was fortunate
enough to see the Iarirest and most val-
j uable diamond in the world. It was
my good fortune to learn of a very rich
' one in the hands of a slave, who made
his escape from the coast, anil had been
away from the mines about a year, but
it was not then known that he had got-
; ten away with anything very valuable
in the shape of a stone. He roamed
around for a period of eighteen months,
through every vicissitude. He had
many difficulties before him in trying to
gain passage. Finally he got on board
a boat which chanced" in the Gambeza
River. Twice he was confined in servi
tude, until by two escapes he finally
made a safe arrival in London. There
I he inadvertantly became acquainted
with an African woman who had been
' h" V Lnin-
IS6". &e aservant in the
family wnose guest I was. This woman
. 3peak hu5 ton?"e an,i; a"1" oe"
' .uT-T T ,, r u fiT. u
&fel h,3icIet.' teI1,n5 " that he
had been a slave, in servitude for years
in the diamond-fields of Africa; that by
providential escape he hail made his
way to London. He told her that he
wanted to obtain information in refer
ence to getting his wife and children to
London. The bkwk woman, in her ig
norance, was unable to. tell him what to
do. and she applied to me, knowing that
l nau a Knowledge of slave times in
After hearing the storv I ad
vised them to apply to the British Con
sul in the provincial building. I went
with them, and upon explaining to the
Consul, the question arose, among other
questions, what recompense he could
make the English Government for n-
ing to such expense as he had asked.
Alter demurring a good while, on ac
count of the great fear he felt about let
ting the officials know he had such a
treasure, he finally admitted that he had
a rich stone. L'pon further inquiry and
delay he requested the gentleman to
come and make an examination. He
exercised great caution for one
of such ignorance, but finally brought
down a large stale loaf of bread and
laid it on the table for its examination.
Before the loaf was cut open he negoti
ated for the safe arrival of his family
and protection against his former mas
ters, provided the value of the diamond,
was siuh as represented. I having ten
dered him advice, was given an invita
tion to be present in the provincial build
ing when the examination was niade. I
was not prepared, however, to believe
that I would have the satisfaction of see
ing what is considered as the largestand
rairt valuable diamond in the world.
When the loaf was cut open few be
lieved that a diamond would be revealed.
Hatton Garden experts were called, and
the were loth to believe that the stone
was as large and valuable as the owner
had represented. It was the size of an
ordinary orange when revealed: and
thereupon it was at once claimed by
some present that it was of a very low
grade and of inferior qualiu. On a
more thorough examination and partial
cutting it was found to represent a
weight of over six hundred carats. It
was subsequently shown to a number of
the largest diamond dealers in London.
Its history was traced as accurately as
possible, the slave was believed, money
was put up, and his wife and children
were at once sent for. The slave was
treated like a lord of the manor, and the
last time that I saw him he was riding
in a line carriage and enjoying all the
comfort's and luxuries of London. It
was a queer sight to see him as black
as tar and a regular Ethiopian,
"The diamond was purchased by a
syndicate of capitalists, and the very
best experts pronounced it a very tine
specimen. Its owners hold it at 3,
500.000: and have refused 3.000.000
for the stone. Shortlv after it passed
from the hands of the black man to ita
present owners, it was examined and
admired by the Queen of England and
the Prince of Wales." Cor. St. LoOL
At Cedar Hill, below Albany. N.
Y., during a thunder-storm recently,
the air was filled with a substance re
sembling sulphur, which fell in showers,
covering everything with ellow dust.
The capacity of the ice-baste
along the Hudson River is mors tha
It is estimated that every year thers
are from 1.200 to 1.500 railroad em
ployes killed and from -5,000 to 10,000
Injured in this country.
The tonnage transported on all tha
railroads in the United States in 1881
amounted to 350.000.000 tons, which
Poor's Railroad Manual estimates, at
the too low average of $50 a ton. would
be worth 13.000.000.000.
It is estimated that the South has
this season paid to the North $35,000.
000 for wheat. 3o0.00O.000 for corn.
S72.000.000 for meats, and about $25.
000.000 for hay. butter, cheese, oat, ap
ples, potatoes etc Cticago Times.
It is pretty well settled that a
healthy man who lives to bo 70 years of
age. in his life eats 7.800 pounds of
meat. 72 barreLs of flour. 1,500 pounds
of butter. 9S7 dozen eggs, 800 pounds
of cheese. 163 bushels of potatoes, and
1.700 pounds of lard.
The annual interest on the public
debt is now about 31-08 for every in
habitant. In 1876 it was more than
twice this, being $2.20 per capita, and
in 1S65 it was as high as $4.29 per
capita, or Sl50,977.69, to be paid by
35.469.000 people. A. Y. Times.
'Pennsylvania and New York are the
only States in the Union containing
over a million males of die voting age.
Minnesota and Wisconsin. havf more
foreigners than natives -vaenty-one
years of age and over. Chicago Jour
nal. Since the first oil well was opened
in 1859 the product of the wells has added
5fl.500.000.000 to the wealth of tha
United States in the value of the erode
oil anil its products. To-day the prod
uct of these wells lights the cathedrals
of Europe, the mosques of Asia, the pa
godas of Japan, and even the huts on
Africa's sunny soiL Its exports ars
over 1.000,000 gallons a day. Boston
The great cattle range of Wyoming
under the military protection of Fort
McKinney is about 800 miles square.
In this area are now grazing 300,000
head of cattle, worth S27 per head,
amounting to S13.50O.00O, to which can
be added the value pf the horses and
ranches of the cattle-men and the
farmers, and the stock of the grangers,
making at least SI5.000.000 of property
under the protection of the post. N.
In this country, with a population
of 50.000.000. there are 4,204.362 per
sons above the age of twenty-one years
who cannot write. Of this number
2.056,463 are whites. 1.747.900 negroes,
about 300,000 Indians and 100.000 Asi
atics. It is estimated that in almost
every State iu the Union, and in the
country as a whole, the balance of po
litical power, so far as numbers are con
cerned, is or can be in the hands of tha
illiterate voters. A". Y. Sun.
Arizona covers an area of 72,000,
000 acres of land, four-tenths of which
is mineral-bearing. It is larger than
New York. Pennsylvania, New Jersey
and Delaware combined Since 1849
there has been extracted from seven
States anil Territories the sum of $2,
100.IH.O.000, for which California is
credited Sl.148,307,731; Nevada, $469.
125,943; Idaho. $71,543,901; Oregon
and Washington Territory. $48,637,251;
Utah. S55.848.831. and Arizona, $17,
930,175. Chicago Tunes.
WIT AND WISD03L
Every man Is occasionally what he
ought to be perpetually.
One of the best rules in conversa
tion is never to say anything which any
of the company can reasonably wish had
been left unsaid.
Fond wife: " How strange! "Every
time Peter comes home from his lodge
he comes to bed with his hat on. But I
suppose it is some more of those Mason
An exchange says that oor navy h
still in its infancy, which would justify
the assertion that the vessels are seldom
seen out of their slips. Yonkers States
man. When the man averred that he had
seen a trotting match they didn't mind
it much, but when he said " A lemon
neighed " they threw him under a grip
carT Chicaao Times.
When a doctor who claims to cure
by laying on of hands reaches Missouri,
he either quits business or starts for the
woods with a crowd after him. There
are some swindles Missouri can't abide.
Detroit Free Pr .-s.
Cause and Effect: Eminent Provin
cial Tragedian Come hithorr. sweet
one! Your mothorr tells me that you
shed teorrs during my soliloquy in exile
la t nighL Sweet One: Yes. sir. Moth
er kept on pinching me, 'cause I was so
It is reported that English detect
ives have proved useless in Ireland, on
account of their accent. We should
think so. It rather gives a fellow away,
bajove, when he walks into a Land
League meeting in a damp cave and
asks: "Beg pawd'n. y' know, but 'ave
ye seen such a thing as a suspect about
ere, y' know?" (Chicago Times.
"I can't smoke that cigar much
longer." said Chowder, as he worried
with a stub. "No."' said some one
present, "and you can't 3moke it much
shorter." Chowder gave the imbecile
one pitying glance, and then hailed a
street-car ana went home with a sad
heart. By the way. when it comes to
hailing street-cars." isn" t it dangerous to
be out of doors?
When he was eating fast and furi
ously, piling in the food as fannere do
hay into the barn on the eve of a thun
der shower in June, the head waiter
stepped up and said " Beg pardon, sir.
but there's no train out to-night." " I
know it." said the man with nis mouth
ful, "and that's why I'm hurrying to
catch a good night's sleep!" Bottl
An old story in a new form is go
ing the grand rounds, and tells abont a
young man at table d'hote at one of the
rural hotels, where " lady waiters" are
employed- He wanted a beverage with
his roast, and summoned the maiden, to
whom he said: "Have you any porter?"
" Yes," she said, " we have three oi
four, but they are all colored." Where
ignorance is bliss it is the height of ab
surdity to be intelligent.
A county rector called rather early
in the morning on one of his parishioners-
One of the children saw him
coming, and ran into the house to tell
his mother. The little fellow soon re
turned to the front and resumed his
play. The clergyman inquired: "la
your mother at home?" "No, sir." re
plied the child; "she is out at pres
ent." " Tell her when she returns thai
I called." said the clergvmen. "I did
tell her." replied the "little boy. CM
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