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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 25, 1882)
Isttr:i it tie P::i:2:e, Cdsslss, Hoi., a: icceai
A RIVER IDYL.
luclnda, dearest, 'neatb the bcndinjjtrce,
BtoopiT to kiss the stream that laves Its
Til draw tbe boat; and, thinking but of tfcwe,
Will luncheon eat.
Hark how the placid tide flows smoothly by.
Note yonder bank aglow with golden pflrse:
"Sm nature's epecie bank. WhaYs in that pie?
Vghl steak, of course.
Sip life's sweet cup of joy, love, in this spot;
For thee no after-taste, no b.tter drej?s:
Tfcs nectar. Itah! I've told you 1 cannot
Eat hard-boiled oggs.
The dappled shade of willow aud of ash
Spreads o'er the venlant grass, for thy sweet
And love the salad dressings gone to smash,
Ad soaked the cake!
What? Hanpitall! Euch day I spak in vain.
Lucind.i. this is shameful onlv look!
Mo inudtard on thesiiiHlvvc-be? attain!
Discharge that cook!
DRAWING THE CROSS-BOW.
The cross-bow was undoubtedly the
most deadly of all the missile weapons
before the perfecting of fire-arms. The
Spaniards brought it to the greatest de
cree of efficiency, but the French and
English also made very fine cross-bows.
The stocks of some cross-bows are
straight, others arc crooked, somewhat
after the shape 'of the stock of a gun.
A great many of these weapons had
wooden bows which were made of yew
wood, but more had steel lathes. The
arrows of the cross-bow were called
quarrels, or bolts. They were shorter,
thicker and heavier than the arrows of
the English long-bow. The place in
the cross-bow where the string is fast
ened when it is pulled back, ready to
shoot, is called the nut. From tho nut
to the fore end of the stock the wood is
hollowed out, so that, when a quarrel is
placed in position for tiring, it does not
touch the stock, except at the tip of its
notch and the point where it lies on the
fore end. The trigger works easily on
a pivot, causing the nut to free the
string, whereupon the bow discharges
The history of the cross-bow is very
interesting. You will find that Richard
the Lion-hearted was a great cross-bowman.
He used to carry a very strong
rbaiist (the old name for cross-bow)
with him herever he went. Even on
his long expedition to Palestine against
the Saracens his favorite weapon was
his constant companion.
At the siege of Ascalon, he is said to
have aiinetl his quarrels so skillfully
that many au armed warrior on the
high walls was pierced through and
The steel bolts fired from the strong
est cross-bows would crash through any
but the very finest armor. There are
breastplates and helmets of steel, pre
served among the British antiquities,
which have been pierced by quarrels.
I have read in old books, written in
French and Spanish, all about how
those terrible weapons were made and
Richard wan killed by a quarrel from
a French cross-bow.
A plowman in the province of Cotn-
Eiegne unearthed a gold statuette of
linerva, a most valuable tiling. This
he divided, sending one half to Kichard,
and keepingthe other half himself. But,
you know, in thoe days a King wanted
everything. Richard's lion heart could
not brook to div'do a treasure with one
of his vassals. So he peremptorily de
manded the other half of the treasure,
which being refused, he called together
a small army and went to lay siege to
the strong caslie of Chains, in Norman
dy, wherein the treasure was said to be
hidden, but it was a dear expedition
for the bold King. A famous cross
bowman by the name of Bertram de
Jourdan. standing on the tall turret of
tbe castle, saw Richard riding around
in the plain below and took steady aim
at him. Thi- Bertram do Jourdan had
cause to hate the King, for Richard had
killed his two brothers with his own
hand. So when he pressed the trigger
of his powerful cross-bow he sent a hiss
of revenge along with the steel-headed
qnarrcL Richard heard the keen twang
of the bow-string and bent low over the
bow of his saddle, but the arrow struck
him in the shoulder and he died of the
wound. So, you see, he would have
done better to leave that gold alone.
However, his men stormed the castle
and brought Bertram de Jourdan be
fore him while he lay dying. Richard
was too noble to mistreat a prisoner, so
he gave the t-ross-lxnvman a magnificent
iresentaml ordered hira to be set at
iberty. But one Marcadce, an infamous
brute, who was next in command to
Richard, as soon as the Kinir was dead
ordered De Jourdan to be flayed alive
and hung up for the vultures to eat.
In the year 1100, William II., sur
named Rufus, a famous King of En
gland, and a son of the conqueror, was
killed by a cross-bow bolt in the forest
It Charningham, accidentally, it is said,
by Sir Walter Tvrrel, his bow-bearer.
A nephew of Iving Rufus had been
killed in Mav of the same year bv a
But the deeds done with
were not all so bloody
From a verv early date
in the history
of France companies of
ha e existed, anion?
which those at Lisle, Roulaix, Lennoy,
Confines, Lc v'uesnoy and Valenciennes
may be mentioned as prominent.
That at Roulaix was instituted by
Pierre de "Roulaix in 1491, a year be
fore America was discovered by Colum
bus. The members of these societies
shot at targets and marks of various
kinds, and their meetings were often
the occasion for great pomp and splen
dor. Many of these companies have
been suppressed by law in comparative
ly recent times.
In England, 1 have read, as far back
as the reijni of William Rufus.
were passed forbiddiujj the use of the
arbalist, excepting by persons having
especial roval permit. This was b
cause the eross-bov,
particularly the I
Kiua with a windlass attachment to
draw the string, was so destructive to
the King's deer. You will at once see
the great advantage the arbalist gave
to huntsmen who ned it instead of the
long-bow; for he could shoot from any
tangled thicket where a long-bowman
could not use his weapon at alL Then,
too. it required vears of patent practice
oeiore a man could snoot well
with a loiir-bow to hit a deer.
any one. with but a day or two's expe
rience, could successfully aim a cross
bow. Onee De Solo and his men were pur
suing some flying savages, when one
suddenly turned his face toward the
Spaniards and hailed. He was armed
with a long-bow and arrows, and was
J"ust across a uarrow river from his foes,
le made signs that he challenged any
one of the Spanish ornss-hniminn tn
fight a duel with him. The challeno-e !
was accepted by one Juan de Salinas, a
most expert arbalister, who stepped
forth and faced the Indian. The com
rades of Salinas offered to cover him
with their shields, but the brave soldier
scorned to take advantage of a naked
savage. So he refused the cover, and
placing a quarrel on the nut of his
drawn bow made ready to shoot. The
Indian also was ready by this time, and
both discharged their arrows at the
game moment. But Salinas was cooler
tinder such stress of danger than the
Indian was, and so took truer aim. His
quarrel pierced the savage warrior's
teart, and he fell dead. The bows of
the savages were puny things when
matched against the steel arbalists of
the trained Spanish soldiers. The In
dian's slender reed arrow passed
through the nape of Juan de Salinas1
seek but without seriously hurting
A qmueaatum o oubq sue
sofflBtemt pxotecffcn against most
of tbe Indian missiles, and a man in.
teel -armor was proof against aB.
I have seen a picture of Queen Eliza
beth, of England, representing her in
the act of shooting at a deer with an
Bnt she had a strong man for her bow
bearer, and all she had to do was to
take aim and pull the trigger after the
bow-bearer had made the arbalist all
ready for shooting.
The manner of hunting deer in those
days was to stand in a spot whence you
could see in all directions through tho
forest, while a number of expert woods
men drove the game near to you as you
held your arbalist ready to shoot. If you
shot, at a running deer you had to aim
far ahead of it in order to hit it.
Hare or rabbit shooting was great
sport for the cross-bowmen. For -this
purpose lighter arbalists were used.
The hunter kept carefully trained dogs,
somewhat likcour pointers and setters,
whose business it was to find tho gama
Twenty-five yards was about the usual
distance for shooting at rabbits. They
were rarely shot while running Maurice
Tliompson, in St. Nicltolas.
"Are caricaturists engaged oh tha
illustrated journals on a regular salary?"
"Some of the best known are engaged
regularly, but a number refuse to make
any binding contracts, preferring to
work on the outside and sell their ideal
and sketches, but there are objections to
doing this, inasmuch as unprincipled
foremen can and often do steal an idea
that has been offered for sale and re
fused. Of course they will not have a
fac-simile of the picture offered, but the
ruling idea will prevail, and in cari
cature, ideas are what makes them
popular. Ou this account the best
known men work regularly forone firm,
and it is the best way, as they have a
sure income, and can profit by the ideas
of the attaches of the journal. It is not
to be supposed that men like Tom Nast
originate all their own pictures, for
"Pro Bono Publico" and "Constant
Reader" write as much to Harper's and
Leslie's as they do to the great dailies,
and often suggest an idea that, touched
up by an artist's pencil, becomes a
famous caricature, and then the editors
and reporters often furnish a good sub
ject. "Of course Nast gets all the credit,
and has thus become the acknowledged
caricaturist of this country. Of course
I do not wish to detract from his merit;
his work proves his ability."
"What is there about Nast that would
interest the public?"
"Oh, the public knows all about him:
he has lectured and has been here so
long, he is saving of his money, and is,
therefore, very rich, for his salary hai
been for years 250 a week, and he has
done outside work beside. He is the
highest-paid artist iu the profession. He
has the knack of caricaturing public
men and politics, and is without an equal
in that line."
"What about Matt Morgan?"
"Matt Morgan is an elegant artist,
with a vast fund of ideas ou all conceiv
able subjects. He is a better general
worker than Nast, but Tommie had
been here so long that he knew just
what the people in this country would
appreciate, while Morgan had to experi
ment with them; he was first brought
here by Frank Ieslie from England to
fight Nast, and he made a gallant strug
gle and has a reputation co-extensive
with the country. He has abandoned
caricaturing for tha time being, and la
settled in Cincinnati, with a great show
printing house, on a salary of 200 a
week the year round. He apparently
intends to stay there, as he is building
a $40,000 house on the hills. He is very
much devoted to his family, and always
ha3 kept them in elegant" stylo. He is
very fond of his six children."
"Does Joe Keppler rank next?"
Well, I do not know that I wish to
state the rank in which these artists
stand. In the popular estimation Kep
pler would com' next He is very well
known here, as he was a resident for a
long time, in fact, published two or
three papers, and was married to a St.
Louis lady. It i3 a peculiarity that he
made no money to speak of in this city.
He left here under engagement to Frank
Leslie at a salary of $100 a week, and
after awhile started Puck: his partner,
Schwartmann, put up all the money.
It vvas printed in German a good ideli,
as it is the only comic paper of ability
in that language. It was asuccessfrom
the start, and the demand for it necessi
tated an English edition. It is making
money fast, and Keppler will soon be
rich. He deserves it, as he has worked
hard and has great ability."
" Who else is there famous in this
"Oh, there are a great number; it
would be hard to talk about them all.
The leading artists of the great papers
are, of course, the best known, but
there are a number of men of ability
who are liable at any time to become as
well known as those about whom we
have been talking. It is just as in any
other profession, some meu are always
being talked about, and others of equal
ability are not even mentioned. Some
are naturally retiring, and their work
is distributed in so many journals that
they have not attained that prominence
in the public mind that attaches itself
to the regular artists. Interview in
SL Louis Post-Dispatch.
A Fight With a Boa Constrictor.
Just after the close of a circus per
forman.e at Fargo, D. T., this after
noon, a huge boa constrictor and python
made their escape from their cage and,
not having been fed for two or three
days, seized upon a young camel and
crushed it to death in an instant. One
of them went for a beautiful Indian an
telope and would have killed it in a mo
ment, but a number of circus men came
to the rescue with pitchforks and goads
aim arove me serpent into a comer.
Jennie Hickey, the young girl who acts
as snake-charmer and has charge of the
monster, was summoned and struck the
ungual, siiukc twice wiin ner wuip. tie
darted furiously at her, twirled himself
around her, and iu a second or two
would have crushed her in his coils, as
he had the baby camel, but, with great
presence of mind, she drew the long,
keen knife she always carries for such
emergencies and cut the huge reptile in
two. It was a narrow escape, and tha
enough , girl was greeted with a round of ap
r, while plause when she came into the ring to
night. Fargo Dupaicli to St. Louis
A coolness, growing out of the follow
ing conversation, has sprung up be
tween Gilhooly and his friend, Gus D
"I had a splendid time last night,"
said Gus. "I spent the eveningat a
little social gathering at the Goodman
"Are the Goodman's nice people?"
"Well, I should say so. They are
very aristocratic. To get in their circle
one must have either a great deal of
money or a great deal of genius."
"You don't tell me so; and vou say
you were there?"
"You were invited, were you?"
"And to be invited a man has to
have a great deal of money or plenty of
"Well, Gus, I am glad m hear yon
have become rich all of a sudden.
Lend me five dollars." Texas Siblings.
The one hundred and twenty
itinerant Methodist ministers who died
met year averaged bat thirty-two
The European Concert.
The doctrine of a balance of powor in
Europe was exploded many years since.
The European concert has taken its
place. Both may in some measure agree
in origin and objects ; they operate by
a different procedure and amid different
circumstances. The balance of power
was positive, and worked by positivo
means. Nations combined actively to
put down the attempt of another to over
step its boundaries. Concerts are of
various kind. The European concert is
of a very peculiar sort indeed. It re
sembles the effect produced by the in
trusion of an explorer into a cavern ten
anted by bats and other night birds, or
by the approach of a boat within gun
shot of a rocky haunt of sea-fowl. There
may have been silence solemn and pro
found the instant before. In a moment
the air rings and vibrates with hundreds
and thousands of screams. At the Eu
ropean concert the performers are fixed
at their posts. They are mute, or if
they touch their instruments the
result is as faint as a whisper.
But they are always ready to burst
into a tumult of sound. They are
waiting only for some one to stir,
though it be but a member of their own
company roused by a disturbing dream.
Nobody hears of the concert of Eu
rope unless when the whole Hook of
States has been awakened to full discord.
The tuning of the instruments occupies
so large a space in the performance that
the harmony, if or when it Is reached,
scarcely seems to have furnished the
occasion for calling the audience togeth
er. At the present time and for a long
time past it is hardly possible to instance
a single State which does not find cause
for mortal anxiety in the designs, real
or supposed, of its neighbors. Russia,
besides her domestio cares, can not dis
semble that she dreads Germany, envies
England, and is jealous of Austria.
Austria reciprocates the sentiment of
Russia, and has until lately been mis
trustful of Italy. Italy looks askance at
France, and is alarmed that in any pos
sible erritorial scramble sho may fail to
obtain her legitimate share. French
aggressions in Tunis dismayed her. Sho
is prepared to fall into a panic at imag
inary British encroachments on tho Nile.
Spain regards the North African coast
as lying within her traditional province.
She has recently discovered that as a
Mediterranean Power she is bound to be
soared by the chastisement of Arab mu
tineers, r ranee is consoious of an obli
gation to convince herself of her strength
by its use, while resolved to reserve her
actual forces for future and dissimilar
contingencies. She wishes that nothing
should be settled without her, and noth
ing be done by her. Holland and Bel
gium and Denmark are not free from
their own grounds of apprehensions of
changes outside which may affect them.
New States like Greece and Roumania
and Servi and Bulgaria are at the stage
of national life when the demarcation of
patriotism and selfishness is impercepti
ble. Turkey knows that she is looked
upon by the entire Continent as a oar
cass doomed to be cut up ; she harbors,
nevertheless, the grandest projects of
retrieval and exaltation. Since the Ber
lin Congress this has been the relation
of Europe in its several parts; yet Eu
rope has managod to survive. There
have been continual creaking and groan
ing. At two or throe periods a spasm
has traversed the mass which it was
manifestly too dangerous not to endeav
or to tranquillize. Every commencing
effort at pacification has on each occa
sion been followed by an outbreak of
discords which have affrighted the world
as if a beginning of dissolution. They
are the regular mode in which a Eu
ropean concert starts. After a little
more experience mankind will refuse to
be fretted excessively by such symptoms.
They are a tribute to the vigor of the
theme which finally dominates and har
monizes the whole. London Truth.
The Boundaries of Astronomy.
The star sweeps along through our
system with stupendous velocity. Now
tnere can be no doubt that if the star
were permanently to retain this velocity
it would in the course of time travel
right across our system and after leav
ing our system would retreat into the
depths of infinite space. Is there any
power adequate to recall this star voy
age to infinity? We know of none, un
less it be the attraction of the stars or
other bodies of our sidereal system. It,
therefore, becomes a matter of calcula
tion to determine whether the attraction
of all tho material bodies of our sidereal
system could be adequate, even with
universal gravitation, to recall a body
which seems bent on leaving that sys
tem with a velocity of 200 miles per
isecond. This interesting problem has
been discussed by Professor Newcomb,
whose calculations we shall here fol
low. In the first place we require to
make some estimate of the dimensions
of the sidereal system, in order to see
whether it seems" likely that this star can
ever be recalled. The number of star:
;may be taken at 100,000,000, which is
probably double as many as the number
we can see with our best telescopes.
The masses of the stars may be taken as
on the average five times as irreat as the
mass of the sun. The distribution of the
stars is suggested by the constitution ol
the milky way. One hundred million
stars are presumed to be disposed in a
flat circular layer of such dimension
that a ray of light would require 30,000
years to traverse one diameter. As
suming the ordinary law of gravitation,
it is now easy to compute the efficiency
of suoh an arrangement in attempting
to recall a moving star.
The whole question turns on a certain
critical velocity of twenty-five miles a
a second. If a star darts through the
system we have just been considering
with a velocity less than twenty-live
miles a second, then, after that star had
moved for a certain distance, the at
tractive power of the system would
gradually bend the path of the star
round, and force the star to return to
the system. If, therefore, the veloci
ties of the stars were under no circum
stances more than twenty-five miles a
second, then, supposing the system to
have the character we have described,
that system might be always the same.
The stars might be in incesstnt mo
tion, but they must always remain in
the vicinity of our present system, and
our whole sideral system might be an
isolated object in space, just as our solar
system is an isolated object in the
extent of the sidereal system. We have,
however, seen that for one star at all
events tho velocity is no less than two
hundred miles a" second. If this star
dash through the system, then the at
tractions of all the bodies in the system
will unite in one grand effort to "recall
the wanderer. This attraction must to
some extent be acknowledged, the
speed of the wanderer must gradually
diminish as ha recedes into space ; but
that speed will never be lessened suffic
iently to bring the star back again. As
the star retreats further and further the
potency of the attraction will decrease,
but, owing to the velocity of the star
being over twenty-five miles a second,
the attraction can never overcome the
velocity; so that the star seems
destined to escape . This calculation is,
of course, founded on our assumption as
to the total mass of the stars and other
bodies which form our sidereal system.
That estimate is founded on a liberal,
indeed, a very liberal, interpretation of
the evidence which our telescopes have
afforded. But it may still fall short ol
the truth. There may b.s more than a
hundred million stars in our system;
their average weight may be more
than our sun. But unless the assump
tion is enormously short of the trutn.
our inference can not be challenged.
Pro. Sail, in tit Contemporary EcvUw.
THE LAND OF NODDY.
Put away the baublo and he l b.
Smooth out tho pillow-, in the r.b.
Softly ou the down
I!y tho baby's cr-twn;
Warm nn.nnd Us ie t
Tuck the little pIi el
Snug ns a pea in a pod
With u yawn and i pap,
And a dreamy little imp.
We will go, wc will gi.
To the Laudy-andy.pandy
To tho Landy-amly-pand
There in the Sbadow-:ua1ccr's tent,
After tho twilight's 45011 descent.
We'll I e own to dreams
Of milk in tlowinjc streams:
And the ShaJow-niakers baby
Will lie down with us, tuu be.
On tho d ilt, mossy pillow of tbe ami,
1 1 a drowse and n doze.
All asleep from he id to tooa,
We will lie, we will lie.
In the L.iiidv-andy-pundy
In tho !-ui(ly-.iiiil-pand
.Then when the morn'iig- breaks,
Then when the lark it.vuk s.
We will ltrave the drowsy dreams.
And the twinkling' smrn gleau.3;
We will leave the l.ttle tent,
And the wmde-s in t pent.
To return t our uaiitc sol.
With a hop and n skip,
And a jump and a tl p,
Wo will come, we wjiI come,
From the Landy-andy-pandy
Of XodJy-oddy-po ..1.
From the Landy-audy-pand
Roestter Johnton, in St. Nicholat.
"Itliinklshallgo by the Mill road
to school this morning," said Nelly
May to her little brother Fred, as the
two started out from home, one lino
October morning, to walk the mile that
stretched out through pleasant fields be
tween their father's house and the
' Oh! please don't," said Fred, plead
ingly. "That is an ugly, rough road.
"But the hickory-nuts grow there,"
said Nelly. " There may be some fallen
by the bricige. I shouldn't wonder a
bit if there were,"
"1 know there aren't," answered
Fred. "John and I came by there
Yesterday, and there wasn't one."
"Oh! that was yesterday," said
Nelly. "There may be lots to-day."
"And it's ever so much farther, and
we'll be late at school," persisted Fred,
"There is no danger of being late,"
answered Nelly; "and it .' much
farther. You're lazy; that's all. But
I'm going that way, and you may as
well come along."
" I don't want to," urged little Fred,
begiuning to cry, "I'm tired, and it is
a long way. Alother said we were to
go straight to school, aud not loiter."
" ho is going to loiter. Id like to
know," snapped Netly. "You need a
shaking, Fred May. You're just the
laziest boy I know. 'Tired! tired?
That's all you can say," continued the
little girl, quite crossly, and getting
angrier every moment "I guess I
walk as man' steps as you do and carry
this great heavy lunch-pail and all my
books into the bargain, while you have
only that teenty-toonty baby Reader
and Arithmetic. I'm not tired, and
neither are you; so just march along.
I'm going the Mill way, whether you
Freddy, who was a weakly little fel
low, only seven years old, and not used
to walking, began to cry, as he followed
behind his sturdy ten-year-old sister,
who trudged briskly over the uneven
Mill road, instead of following the
smooth pike, which was not only the
shortest way to school, but also much
the pleasanter walk.
For a few minutes Nelly walked very
fast and with firm steps, holding her
head high, and looking straight before
her. Presently Freddy's little whimper
ing cry attracted her attention. She
looked around. The little boy was al
most running, as he tried in vain to keep
up with her.
"Wh are you crying for, baby?"
she asked, as ahe waited for Freddy to
come up. "You're a great boy, I must
"I don't want to go this long, rough
way," Freddy said, as he tried to choke
back his sobs, for Nelly's scornful tones.
as she pronounced the words "baby"
and "boy," stirred the little lad's heart
"You wouldn't waut to, either, only you
think may be Nancy Lewis will be at
the bridge, and you'll get some of her
grapes without going to her house,
'cause mother said you musn'tgo to her
house any more."
"You naughty, hateful boy!" cried
Nelly, catching Freddy by the arm, and
giving hira a little shake." "How dare
you say such a thing? You're as mean
and hateful as you can be. I was just
going to offer to carry your books for
you, but now I shan't. You may carry
them yourself, and I have a great mind
to make you take this d.nner-pail too."
Poor Nelly! Her cheeks were red,
and her eyes Hashed, while her pretty
mouth parted with all its beauty as the
two rosy lips puckered themselves up in
to a very ugly pout.
Freddy said no more, and the two
children walked on in sHeuce for some
Then a voice that seemed to come
from inside her heaving bosom spoke so
plainly to Nelly.
" Freddy is right and you are wrong,"
it said. " You know that you are only
walking on this road in the hope of
meeting Nancy at the bridge, and get
ting some grapes from her without ex
actly going to her house for them. Your
mother forbade you to go to Nancy's
house for any more grapes. You think
ou can still get the jrrapes by cominir
this way, and you do not care for your
weakly little brother. Perhaps he may
fall ill from this long trudge. Your
mother told you to be kind to him, and
to take good care of him. And you
promised to do so. You promised to
think of your verse, too. And you have
quite forgotten it"
Nelly walked very slowly now. The
Eout gradually left her lips, and her eyes
ad a serious look, quite different from
the angry glance of a few moments be
fore. She turned to Freddy, who was
toiling along quietly by her" side. How
small and weak he looked! She remem
bered the words of Dr. Gaty, the family
physician,, when consenting to her re
quest for Freddy to go to school in the
uutunin. "Yes," he had said, "I
think the walk on the pike will be good
for him on fine days, especially with
?asklk r i.4'va4' 1.!h . 1 stint a a 11 1 1
auM a siuui, ivliiu aisier to HOIU niS
hand, and take good care of him. Yes,
I think it will lie safe to trust him with
Nelly. She will lead him into no harm."
And now she was leading him over
a long, rough road, and treating him,
oh! not kindly ami carefully certainly.
Nelly felt very uncomfortable.
The voice spoke again: " You know
that you are not coming this way for
nuts, but for grapes; j'ou tried to de
ceive Freddy as to your motive, but he
was not deceived, aud because he saw
vourreal motive, and told yon of it 3'ou
became angry, and spoke crossly, and
shook him; you have added sin to sin.
And all because you have forgotten
your verse." And just then Nelly re
membered. Her verse for the day had been:
Lead us not into temptation, but de
liver us from evil." She had promised
her mother to think of it during the
day. And before an hour had passed
she had quite forgotten it
Oh dear!" said Nelly, with a sigh;
' what a wicked girl I am
bsard the words, and looked up quick
ly. He saw a great tear roll down his
"Don't cry, Nelly, he said. "Til
walk my best. Youaren't such a wick
4 girl. I wish we had a grape-vine,
ana you could have all the grapes yon
wanted, and then you wouldn't want
to go to Nancy Lewis' so much. She
is a cross, naughty girl, and she makes
you cross, too. That's all"
'etly put down her books and the
pail, and knelt down in the road and
Hung her arms around her little brother.
" Yo-i dear little forgiving thing! ' she
said, h'igging Freddy tightly to her.
"1 hat's all that's enough, I think.
I' ve be. u as mean as mean can be.
And I'm ashamed, Freddy May; and I
must s oj) right here ami ask God to
iorgivu me, .and to lead me not into
Am! there with her arms around
Freddy. Nelly prayed for forgiveness
and help; and. rising to her feet, she
took Freddy, books lunch pail and all,
up in her stout arni, and carried them
back to the turn whore the Mill road
branched ofi'fioni the pike.
"There now," she said, as she put
Freddy d wn and tanned her hot cheeks
with her geography cover, "we'll go
tin straight sale road, and after awhile
I'll give you another lilt; and if you see
me starting of'into temptation again
to-day, Freddy May. you just call out:
"Lead me not" and I'll rememberniy
verse; will you?"
" Yes, 1 will," said Freddy, smiling
brightly. " I'm rested a good deal
now, aiul I l n't believe you'll need to
carry me any more. Youie a good sis
ter, Nelly." Mary E. V. Wyetli, in S.
How to Travel.
Traveling iu our country is both com
fortable and agreeable, if the traveler
will pay attention to a few directions.
I suppose, dear little friends, that you
have seen fussy and fidget- people on
the road, who made tlicnisclves and
other people unhappy by their behav
ior. The cars were too warm or too
cold, the locomotive was going too fast
or too slow, the' feared the baby in tho
next seat had the whooping-cough, or
they were sure there would be a coilts
ion. If on the water, they were in ter
ror lest the engineer was
the uneasiness they felt
Now, my dears, listen to
you go on a journey you
are a pass-
enger; your ticket is paid for; and as
you are neither captain, pilot con
ductor, nor engineer, give yourself no
trouble about the way car or boat is be
ing managed. Never take responsibili
ty that docs not belong to you.
The old Romans used to call baggage
impedimenta. The' tried to have as
little of it as they could when on a
march. Unless you are going to stay a
long time, take no more luggage than
is necessary. A little hand-bair or a
shawl-strap," with perhaps an umbrella,
is all that a young traveler should have
to can; for on a journey.
When you purchase "your ticket if no
older friend is with vou to attend to tho
chcckinir of vour trunk, vou mibt see
to it yourself. This is very simple.
Go with your ticket to the place to
which the expressman has taken your
trunk, show your ticket to thebar.gage
master, and "he will attach a check to
your goods, and give you one pre
cisely like it. You must put this away
in a place where you can get at it con
veniently, as you must return it to the
steamer or railway company when you
claim your property.
Never tuck your ticket out of sight or
into some out of-the-way pocket. Have
it read,- to show the conductor when
ever it is called for.
A little giri is sometimes uncertain
what to do about her money if she is
traveling with a gentlcnvuf. For in
stance, Eda is going to Lsit Angeline,
and at the stat'on in New York she is
met by Angeline s brother Dick. She
does not wish him to purchase her tick
et, but she feels awkward about offering
him the money to pay for it
The proper thing for Eda is to hand
her pocket-book to Mr. Dick, and re
quest him to take from it the amount
of her fare. The pleasantest way, if
the journey be a long one. would be for
Ella's papa to give her escort a sufficient
sum to pay all her expenses.
People on a journey should not be
selfish. Nobody should take two seats
when only entitled to one. Two or
three merry boys and girls traveling to
gether should be careful not to laugh
and talk so loudly that they annoy oth
ers. Ladies and gentlemen never do
this. You can have a deal of fun with
out being conspicious.
Never neglect a chance to do a kind
ness to an aged or feeble person. Noth
ing is more beautiful on the road than
courtesy from the young to those who
are old or in trouble. Harper's Young
The Indiau Haj.
The question of establishing some sort
of supervision over the yearly pilgrim
age from India to Mecca has long been
under the considerat:on of the Indian
Government The Indian Haj is the
most numerous of all the pilgrimages
which arrive every year at Jeduah. In
18S0 it consisted of 15,000 souls, the
next most numerous being the Malay
Haj, which numbered 12,000. The lat
ter consists mostly of Dutch subjects,
and the policy of tho Java Government
with regard to it has always been a dis
tinct one. The Dutch encourage in
every way that is possible their Mahom
etan subjects to visit the holy places in
Arabia, on the principle that the experi
ence which is gained on the journey of
the tyranny and extortion of the Mus
sulman Government in Hedjaz tends to
increase in a Haji the sense of the ad
vantages he enjoys at home, and dissi
pates many of his illusions with regard
to the temporal power of Mahometan
ism. In India we have hitherto left the
question of the pilgrimage very much
to chance, and complaints have often
been made that the interests of the pil
grims from the country have been much
neglected by the British Government.
The matter will no longer be negleeted
and a new order has been issued on the
subject of passports for Indian pilgrims.
The idea of charging a fee for t he pass
port and of requiring a deposit to insuro
the pilgrim having sufficient money for
the return journey, a provision which
would have deterred many from under
taking the pilgrimage, has been aban
doned. Besides this a Mahometan
official, to be styled "The Protector of
Pilgrims," is to he appointed at Bom
bay, and a Mahometan gentleman is to
be sent to Jeddah to act as British Vice
Consul there, where he will be charged
with the care of the interests of the In
dian pilgrims lauding and embarking at
that port London (ilobe.
Making Stained Window-Glass.
In making stained glass-windows, tho
coloring matter red, green, flesh color,
or whatever it may be is first stirred
with the glass in its molten state. When
it is rolled into sheets and cools it comes
out the brilliant hue desired. Next
imagine an old-fashioned patch-work
quilt, where the little blocks or leaves
are cut out by means of paper patterns
and sewed together to make the com
plete figure. There you have the idea
of the stained-glass windows. Artists
who are adepts make a large design of
the painting wanted. Different small
parts of it are transferred from this, and
fasteboard patterns made from these,
ike the patch-work quilt. The glass is
cut into the shape desired with a dia
mond. Then the pieces arc joined to
gether into the perfect whole. The
edges are united by means of solder and
lead, where the patch-work bits would
be sewed with a needle. Thus, making
a stained-glass window is about as
much mechanical as artistic. Rare and
line work, such as the human face and
parts of the human figure, are painted
upon the glass, requiring tho touch of
an artist. Chicago Times.
There are in the United States and
Canada 779 Young Men's Christian as
sociations, numbering 82,375 members.
RELIGIOUS AND EDUCATIONAL.
The Protestant Ep'scopal Church
fa Massachusetts proposes to introduce
the free- pew system in all their church
edifices throughout the State.
Mr. James W. bcoville has given
to the Chicago Theological Seminary
the sum of tcu thousand dollars for the
endowment of a Scoville Professorship
The richest colored congregation
in the country is said to be that "oi St
Augustine's Roman Catholic Church,
Wa-hiiigton. The best church music
at the capital is alleged to be that of its
choir. Chicago Jtiirntit.
Dallas City. Tex., is
public school-houses at a cost of
each. San Antonio fc erecting a high
school at a cost of .$31, (WO. Corsicana
has ju-jt built two school-houses at a
tost of $12,000 each.
President Welch, of tho Iowa State
Agricultural College, has left his home
for Europe, where he goes by appoint
ment of the United States Government
to inspect the agricultural and industrial
schools of foreign countries, and make
a report :ls to the systems add methods
of thoe schools. A. Y. i'mt.
There is a headman of a kraal in
Natal, South Africa, who does not ob
ject to his people becoming Christians,
but who decidedly objects to their be
coming bad Christians: "If you be
come better men and women by being
Christians, ou may renia u o. if not, I
won't let you be t hrUtiaus at all."
Christian I nion.
The North American Review says:
"During the century just passed the
population of the United States has in
cre.ised eleven-fold, and churches have
iurre:ised thirty-suien told, and while a
hundred years ago there w:is one church
to a ery seventeen hundred inhabitants,
there is now one for every five hundred
A lease for 'Jii years nowadays is
regarded as equivalent to asale. but such
a lea-e ha just expired in England, ami
the property has reverted to the original
owner the Church of England. It is
thus legally decided that the Church of
England has had a corporate ent'ty
since the time of Alfred the Great, and
that it did not, as has been supposed by
many, originate in the time of Henry
VIII. Caicago 'Iribunc.
Though little is known in this coun
try of the'Greek Church, it is one of tho
most important in Europe. Its ndlier
euts number about 70. 0.1), 000; 4 t.00.),
00' of whom are iu the Russian Empire;
ll,0J.,0Oi) in Turkey, and 4.000.OU0 in
Austria and Greece." It was nominally
in defense of their fellow-members of
ihe Greek Church in European Turkey
that the Russians brought about tho
Crimean war and the war of 1611 with
"What is worth doing at all, is worth
doing well," was a motto that adorned
the wall- of an old academy far away
among the hills, ea'sago. but the truth
of the adage rema ns the same, and
never has there been a time when the
demand lor good work, the very Lest
work that men ami women can do, was
greater than now. Systematic or ler is
the corner-stone of all successful under
takings, physical, menial or moral, and.
we think we may add. even sp ritual.
What could a man accomplish in h'.s
ordinary business, or a woman in her
household arrangements, that hail no
regard to time, or place, or method?
Our schools are founded on systems.
Our chinches are established "on this
basis. We say. " the system of the
universe;" "the planetary system;"
"or!er is Heaven's first "law;" thus
proving our constant and unconscious
acknowle Igment of this fact. After the
time is fixe 1 for th doin, and the
place, comes the way thereof, wh'ch
should always, everywh t be the best,
and whatever we uu .ertake we should
study to do it iu the best possible way.
Consider it for yourselves: pay atten
tion; and then go forward an 1 do it,
though the heavens fall. If we stop to
advise with all our friends, first trying
this way, ain't then that, we will proba
bly fail where weshoulii have suceee U; I.
Our business should be to thoroughly
inaster the thing in hand for ourselves;
then do it in our own way. If we ever
accomplish anything of any value we
must be constant iu our endeavor: self
denying, persistent, turning neither to
the right hand nor the left It was this
dogged persislence that caused Rich
mond to surrender. The most success
ful men do not win their victories by
words. We often hear: "O, it's easy
to talk!" The minister knew how easy
when he told his congregation to do ais
he said, not as he did. Everything
worth having in this world is the price
of some sort of labor. " Labor not for
the meat that perisheth, but for that
which endureth unto eternal life."
In the above connection we arc led to
consider the value of time, and the rep
rehcnsibility of those who infringe
upon, or waste the time of others.
Something is due to courtesy, and the
maintaining of friendly relations; but
all this requires considerate attention
for others, consideration for their time
and duties. There are people in the
world who never seem to have anything
to do, and no special object in life.
They answer to swell the census ac
count: perhaps to educate others in pa
tience, like Hies and mosquitoes: but
really such remedies seem worse than
most diseases. 'They seem like those
people whom a Swedenborgian lady re
marked "would never come up. Why
should they? They never did anything
when they were up." This accorded
with an idea of the resurrection, and
we confess to having some sympathy
with it at certain times. Boarding
house ladies, as a rule, are great
wasters, not only of their own time, but
that of others. They seem to regard it
as a something to be disposed of and
forgotten as soon as possible; but re
member that the whole human family
are served alike in this matter, and that
each must give account for himself.
What we might have been, under the
circumstances is what we are required
to be. We have no right to waste our
own time in a just view of the subject;
but for this we are the losers, and must
give an account for ourselves. When
we wa-te another's time, we defraud
him of a portion of his property as truly
as if we took a well-filled purse from his
pocket. Have we a right to exclude air
and sunshine from another, because it is
free to all? Do tho moon and the stars
shine for us only? Shall we say to an-otl-er:
"So much -halt thou have, and
no more?" Dr. Gregory, of our Agri
cultural College, once said: "All true
study must be solitary." If this be so,
how many true students do we have?
Of all the treasures vouchsafed us by
kind Heaven, this of time is one of the
richest and most sacred. Let us use and
not abuse it Chicago Interior.
Ah Expensive Dinner.
' "A thousand rubles (150) per head
for a dinner," says the London World,
'Seems rather a high price for even a
Russian to pay. yet such is the sum
which twenty-six cavalry ollicers each
paid for their auuet ata hotel at War
saw a week or so ago. They ha I de
termined to organize a dinner that as
nearly as possible, should imitate those
of Roman Emperors who paid enor
mously for their luxuries, and preferred
them out of season; and, to a certain ex
tent, they succeeded. For eight hours
they ate plat aftor plat, and among the
courses appeared a ragout of Afriean
turtle, ana another of stewed nightin
gales. And, to make the thing appear
more real, these martial savages sat at
the table each wit a fillet of rosaa
reuad his bead!"
ERED; AS IT IS
Youngstcmn, Ohio, .May 10th, 18s0.
B.. I. Kendall & Co., ( cute: I had a very valuable Nanibb toniun eolt which I
prized very highly, he had a large bone spavin on one joint and a small one on the
other, which made him very lame; I had him under the charge of two veterinary
-urgeon? who failed to cure him. I was oue day reading the advertisement of Ken
dall's Spavin Cure in the Chicago Express, I determim U at onee to try it, and got our
druggists here to .'end for it. they ordered three bottles, I took them'all and thought
I would give it a thorough triil, i used it according to directions and the fourth day
the eolt ceased to be lame, and the lumps had disappeared. I used but one bottle
and the colts limbs are as free from lumps and as smooth as any horse in the State.
He is entirely cured. The cute was so remarkable that I let two of my neighbors"
have the remaining two bottle who are now using it.
Very respectfully, L.T. FOSTER.
FROM THE ONEONTA PRESS, N. Y.
Karly last summer jle-srs. j. .J. Kendall ,v Co., of hnoburgh Falls, Vt.. made a
contract with the publishers of the Press for a h ill" column advertisement for oue
year setting torth the merits of Kendall's Spavin Cure. At the same time we secured
from the firm a quantity of books, entitled Dr. Kendall's Treatise on the Horse aud
his Diseases, which we arc giving to advance paying subscribers to the Press as a
About the time the advertisement lirst appeared in this paper 3Ir. P. (. Scher
mcrhorn. who resides near Colliershad a spavined horse He read the advertise
ment and concluded to test the efficacy of the remedy, although his friends laughed
at hiserednality. He bought a bottle of Kendall's Spavin Cure and commenced using
it on the horse in accordance with the directions, and he informed us this week that
it effected Mich a complete cure that an expert horseman, who examined the animal
recently could find no trace of the spavin or the place where it had been located. Mr
Schernierhorn has .since secured a copy of Kendall's Treatise on the Horse aiid his
Diseases, which he prizes very highly and would be loth to p.irt with at anv price
provided he could not obtain another copy. So much tor advertising reliable articles!
KENDALIS SPAVIN CURE.
. . Columbiana, Ohio. Dee. 17th, I8S0,
It. .1. Kendall ,V Co., Ociits: ion wili find belv a recommendation from our
expressman. We sell Kinn'all's Spavin Cure and lind all who Use it are pica-ed with
it. You may send lis more advertising matter, and a few nice cards i itii our names
tlie,- CONI.EV .v KINO.
It. .1. Kendall ,v Co., Cents: I am using your Spain Cure for a bone spuvin
(bought of Coiiley ,"i- King. Druggists. Coliinibiaua. Ohio.) I find it just the thin to
cure a spavin: the la.uetics. h.ss a'l left my mare. .ud bv further ue of the cure 1
look tor the lump to leave. The oiu bottle was u.irth to me ten times the cost
Yours trill , FRANK RELL.
KENDALL'S SPAVIN CURE.
llnre :iuu in
.-C-. 1 IM V 'lv 11
bottle entirely cun-il
i our- respectfully.
-Milwaukee, Wis., Jan. Mh, 1SS1.
u. .!. Kendall .t Co., Gents:! have the highest opinion ol" Kendall's Spav in Cure
I find it equally good for many other troubles named bv vou. and particul-iriv lor
Yours very truly, f. F. RRAD1.EY.
KENDALL'S SPAVIN CURE.
Kendall's Spavin Cure is sure in its ell'ccts, mild in its action as it dees not
blister, yet it is penetrating and powerful to reach anv deop seated pain or to re
move any bony growth or any other enlargement if Used for several davs. such as
spavins, splints, callous, sprains, swelling, any lameness and all enlargements of
the joints or limbs, or rheumatism in man aud for anv purpose for whicha liniment
is used for man or beast. It i. now know u to be the best linim.ut f. r man ever used
acting mild yet certain in its cilccfs. it N used iu Ml! strength with perfect -af.-tv
it all seasons of the year.
Send address for Illustrated Circular, which we think gives positive proof, of its
virtues. No remedy has met with such uni'ii ilitied success to our kuowled"e for
beast as well as man. Price $1 per bottle, or six bottles for $5. " '
ALL DRUGGISTS have it or can get it for you,
or it will be sent to any address on receipt of price, bv the proprietois
IS Dr. U. J. KENDALL & CO. Enosburg Falls, Vermont.
SOLD I3Y ALL DRUGGISTS.
TRAVEL ONLY VTA
KOIC ALL POINTS
EAST AND WEST.
Daily Express Trains are now run to
Chicago, Omaha & Denver
KanMiMCitj Atchison Ac Denver.
9KPKi:SS 'I'KAl.VS Iuilv
OMAIIA AND LINCOLN.
All Through Trains are equipped
new anil eleirani
Pullman Palace Cars,
Cars of the
e and Express
Through Tickets at Lowest Bates
Are on sale at all principal Stat ion, where
passenger.-, ran oltain information as ti
Routes, Itatfi and Connections, and can
secure Slecpinsr-Car accommodations.
As train, run to and from ITnion Ivot.
at all princiiiHl points.
. X. Knxti.
Ueiri T'k't A'Rt,
JJy Omaha. Sua.
CITY PROPERTY TOR SALE,
Union Pacfic Land Office,
On Long Time and low rate
All wishing to buy IJail Road Land
or Improved Farms will 11 nd it to their
advantage to call at the l P. Land
Otlice before Iookin - elsewhere as 1
make a Bpecialty of buying and selling
lands on commission; all persons wish
ing to sell farms or unimproved land
will lind it to their advantage to leave
their lands with me for sale, as ray fa
cilities for affecting sales are unsur
passed. I am prepared to make tina!
proof for all parties wishing to get a
patent for their homestead-.
JSTilenry Conies, UierK, writes ami
SAMUEL C. SMITH,
Act. U. P. L md Department.
a week in vour own town. ?
Outfit free. No risk. Every
thing new. Capital not re
quired. "We will furnish you
everythhag. Many are making fortunes
Ladies nmkc as much as men, and bo
and girli make great par. Reader, if
you want a business at which you can
make great pay all the time you work,
write for particulars to II. Hallictt &.
Co., Portland, .Maine. -Ijan-y
SPAVIN CURE !
FLES II !
L. T. FOiSTR.
Onion t a. New York. .Ian. 6th,
gM rrr 0L
..?. Kendal! ,v Co., of Knohursch Falls, Vt.
Rochester. Intl., Nov.SUth, IS).
R. .1. KemlaM .V Co.. ('cuts; Please end
us a iipp of advertising matter for Ken
dall s Spav i i Cure. It has a good sale here Jt
gives the be.st of satisl'aciion. Of nil we have
sold we have yet to learn the first unfavora
ble repoit. Verv respectfullv,
.I.DAWSON A SON.
Winthrop. Iowa, Nov. 23d. isn.
It. .!. Kendall X- Co.. llentsr I!... -lw...i
"plea.se find 2.1 eelit for your treatise on the
i.sing your Spavin Cure on one ol mv linn..... n.r
the lameness and removed fnost nil the
I.EEROY .M. (.J RAH AM.
Is conducted as a
Devoted to the best mutual inter
ests of its readers and it publish
ers. Published at Columbus, Platte
county, the centre of the agricul
tural portion of Nebraska, it is read
by hundreds of people east whoaru
looking toward.- Nebraska as their
future home. Its subscribers in
Nebraska are the staunch, solid
portion of the community, as is
evidenced by the fact that the
Jouknal. has never contained a
"dun" againut them, and by the
other fact that
In its columns always brings itH
reward. Uusincss is business, and
those who wish to reach the solid
people of Central Nebraska will
lind the columns of the .Ioukn'al a
Of all kinds neatly and quickly
done, at fair prices. This spei-ies
of printing i nearly always want
ed iu a hurry, and, knowing this
faet, we have so provided for it
that we can furnish envelopes, let
ter heads, bill heads, circulars,
posters, etc., etc., on very short
notice, and promptly on time an
1 copy per annum
" Six months
" Three months,
. 1 00
Single copy sent to any address
in the United States for fi cts.
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Can now afford
A CHICAGO DAILY.
All the News everyday on four large
pasres of seven columns each. The Hon.
Frank W. Palmer (Postma-ter of Chi
cago). Editor-in-Chief. A Republican
$5 per Year,
months, $1..V). One
trial .'iO cents.
Acknowledged by everybody who has
read it to be the best eight-page paper
ever published, at the low price of
SI PER YEAR.
Contains correct market reports, all
the news, and general reading interest
ing to the fanner and his family. Special
terms to agents and clubs! Sample
Copies free. Address,
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