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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (July 5, 1882)
KAXKM OF AWTERTI1S6-
ISSUKl) EVEIIY WKON'KSIIAY,
M. K. TURISISR cSg CO.;
Proprietors and Publisher.
iSTBminesa and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
J? For time Hdvertisements. apply'
at this office.
iSTLegal advertisement at statute
jSTPor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
S53 All advertisements payable
3ST OFFICE Eleventh St., up stairs
in Journal Building.
Six months 1 OO
Three mouths SO
Single copies OS
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY JULY 5, 1882.
VOL. XIIL-NO. 10.
WHOLE NO. 684.
C. II. V.vnWyck, U. S. Senator, Neb
raska Citj .
ALVlx SAUNDKitS, U. 3.Senator,Omaha.
E. 1C. V Ai.i:XTtSKt Hep.. West Point.
T. .1. Ma.ious, Continent Rep., Teru.
Ai.bixim NaXCK, (loveruor, Lincoln.
S.J. Alexander, Secretary or State.
John Walliclia, Auditor, Lincoln.
G. M. U-irtlett, Treaaurer, Lincoln.
5.'. .1. Dilworth, Attorney-General.
W. V. V..Iones, Supt. Public liintrue.
C .1. Xobes, Warden of Penitentiary.
.J.O. Carter. Prison Physician.
II. P. Mathevon.Supt."lii8ane Asylum.
Goore B . Lak.O A,,ociale Judj:rf,.
Ani:ia Colilt. J
S. Maxwell, Chief Justice,
KOUKTII JUDICIAI. mSTKICT.
u. V. I'u-it, Judge, York.
31. B. Reese. District Attorney, Wahoo.
M. B. lioxie, Register, Grand Island.
Wm. Ativan. Receiver, Grand Island.
State Senator. M. Iv. Turner.
" Representative, G. W. Lelnnan.
COUNTY DIRECTORY :
.1. G. Ilifiirins. County Judge.
John Stuutl'er. Countv Clerk.
C. A. Newman, Clerk Dist. Court.
J. W. Early, Treasurer.
D. C. Ivava'iiaugli, SheritV.
L.J. Crtner, Surveyor.
M. Malicr, )
Joseph Rivet, V Countv Coi
H.J Hud-on, )
ir. a . iienitz. coroner.
J. E. Moiierief iipt.of Schools.
Byron Millett. I , . r.i
W. M. Corn..liiisf -I'lHticesorthePeHce.
J. R. .Measlier, Mavor.
A. B. Collroth, Clerk.
J. B. DeNinau, Tre-isurer.
W. N. Heiislev, Police Jude.
J. E. Xortii, Engineer.
1st Ward John Rickly.
G. A. Shroeder.
Id WardV:t. Havs.
3rf Ward J. Rasmussen.
A. A. Smith.
4,'oIiiiii!u PtMt OIHce.
Open on Sundays lrm 11 a.m. to 12.M.
and from -Iri.O to fi p. m. Business
hours except Sunday 0 A. m. to a P.M.
Eastern mails close at 11 A.m.
Western mails close at 4:l.rP.M.
Mail leaves Columbus for Lost Creek,
Genoa. St. Edwards. Albion, Platte
Center, Humphrey, Madison and Nor
folk, every day (except Sundays) at
J:.l."i p. in. Arrives at 10:. Vi.
For Shell Creek and Creston, on Mon
days and Fridays, 7 a. m., returning
at 7 P. M., same days.
For Alexis, Patron and David City,
Tuesdays, Thur&davs and Saturdays,
1 P. m Arrives at 12 M.
For Conkliug Tuesdays and Saturdays
7 a. in. Arrives 0 p. m. same da vs.
U. I, Time '1'iible.
Emigrant, Xo.ti. leaves at
Passens'r, ' 4, " ".
Freight, S, "
Freight, " 10, " "
0:2.1 a. m.
11:00 a. m.
2:l.r p. in.
4:30 a. in.
Freight, No. 5, leaves at 2:00 p. m.
Passeng'r, " it, " "... 4:27 p. m.
Freight, " !, ".... 6:00 p.m.
Emigrant. ' 7. " " .... 1:30 a. m.
Every day except Saturday the three
lines leading to Chicago connect with
II P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, as
shown by the following schedule:
O.. N. A B. II. ROAD.
Time Schedule No. 4. To take effect
June 2, 'SI. For the government and
information of employees only. The
Company reserves the riirbt to vary
therefrom at pleasure. Trains daily,
Norfolk . 7:20 A. M.
Munson 7:47 "
Madison .8:20 "
Humphreys :05 '
PL Centre 9:48 '
Columbus 4:33 p.m.
PI. Centre .r.:42 "
Humphre 0.-25 "
Madison .7:04 "
Muuson 7:43 "
Norfolk .. 8:04 "
Columbus 4:45 p.m.
Genoa 0:10 "
Albion . 7:47 "
Albion 7:43 A.M.
St. Edward8:30 "
Genoa J:14 "
B. A M. TIME TABLE.
Leaves Columbus, '
" Bellwood 0:
:45 A. M.
" David City,
' Pleasant Dale,
Leaves Lincoln at 12:.r0 P. M
rives in Columbus 7:00p. m.
Makes cloe connection at Lincoln for
all points east, west and south.
h. luers & no,
Waon DBnildei s9
"-w Brlrk. Shop oiposlte Ilrlntz'a Ilruy Store.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
Eleventh Street, Columbus, Nebraska.
S. J. MARMOT, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
COI, im HUN, NEB.
A new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
3T.elff a Firt-Cla Xable.
Meals, 25 Cts. Lndgings 25 Ct8.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
jgfWholesale nnd Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
J3f Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
-UtaStrt, SoHtiof DpL
-piR. CARL NCHOrrE,
Office at Dowtv, Weaver & Co's store.
4 ftDEKSOX . KOE.H,
BANKERS, Collection, Insurance and
Loan Agents, Foreign Exchange and Pas
sage Tickets a specialty.
A TTORNETS-A T-LA W,
Up-stairs in Gluck Building, 11th street,
Above the New ban?;.
IT J. WJ1MOX,
NOT A BY I UBLIC.
12th Street, 2 doom wnt of HaMHOad Hoaw,
Columbus, Neb. 491-v
TK. M. . XIHJKTO.",
Office over corner of 11th and North-st.
All operations tirst-class and warranted.
IIICAUO HAKIIEK SHOP!
HENRY WOODS, Phop'b.
IS?"E very thing in first -class style.
Also keep the best of cigars. 51B-y
i:i:k a kf.kuek,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
Oflice on Olive St., Columbus, Nebraska.
G. A. HULLHORST, A.M., M. D.,
HOMEOPA Till O PHYSICIAN,
SSTTwo Blocks south of Court House.
Telephone communication. 5-ly
TIjT F, MYERS, M. O.,
Will attend to all calls night and
Office with O. F. Merrill, east of A & N.
Depot. 51 .lino
A TTORNEYS AT LAW,
Office up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing. 11th St. W. A. JIcAllister, Notary
r . EVAN'S, M. 1.,
PHYSICIAN & SURGEON.
13T" Front room, up-stairs in Gluck
building, .-ibove the bank, 11th St. Ctlls
answered night or day. 5-6m
J. M. MACFAKLAXD, B. K. COW DKRY,
Atlcrtty isd Hotxry PaWc. CelUcter.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
MAC! AR1, AND & COWDBR7,
Columbus, : : : Nebraska.
Ilth St., nearly opp. Gluck's store,
Sell Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blanket, Curry Combs, Brushes, etc.,
at the lowest possible prices. Repairs
promptly attended to.
Justiceof the Peace and
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Columbus
Nebraska. N. B. He will give
close attention to all business entrusted
to him. 248.
T OUIS SCHREIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc., made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
ESShop opposite the " Tattersall,"
Olive Street. -V
Are prepared to furnish the public w.'th
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for funerals. Also
conduct a feed and sale stable. 49
IS PRRPARRD, WITH
FIRST - CLASS APPA RA T US,
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give nim a cull.
TTOXICE TO TEACHERS.
J. B. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the first Saturday of eaifu
month for the purpose of examiuaig
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transactton of any other business
pertaining to scliools.
PROPMKTOR OF THK
Dealer in Chinese Teas, HandH&?
raus, ami rrencn uooas.
12th and Olive Sts., Columbus
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimates supplied for either
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, uear
fet. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. 52 limo.
Wuies, Ales, Cigars and Tobacco.
XSTScbilz's Milwaukee Beer constant
ly on hand.grl
Elkventh St. Columbus. Nb.
Drs. MITCHELL & HASTY,
mm i mcai mm.
Surgeons O., N. & B. H. R. Rn
Asst. Surgeons U. P. R'y,
JS. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto Is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. a?TSbop on
13th St., one door west of Friedhof
Co's. store, Columbus, Nebr. 483-y
Mrs. M. S. Drake
HAS JUST RECEIVED A LARGE
SPR'lNG AMD SUMMER
HILLIIERY AID FAICY
J3T A FULL ASSORTMENT OF EV
ERYTHING BELONGING TO A
Nebraska Avenue, turn doors north of the
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK KILLS.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
OFFICE. COL UMB US. NEB.
Dr. A. HEINTZ,
NIGS. US. CHEMICALS.
Fine Soaps, Brushes,
PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc.,
And all articles usually kept on hand by
Physicians Prescriptions Carefully
Eleventh street, near Foundry.
COLUMBUS, : NEBRASKA.
SPEICE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. B. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre for cash, or on five or ten years
time, In annual payments to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, for sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
residence lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
Patent Roller Process
ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION,
Because it makes a superior article of
bread, and is the cheapest flour
in the market.
Every sack warranted to run alike, or
J HERMAN OEHLRICH & BRO.,
DEALER IN ALL KIXDS OF
I KEEP CONSTANTLY' ON HAND A
WELL SELECTED SFOCK.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
3edn DellTcrel Free te may
BHrt of Ike City.
I AM ALSO AOENT FOB THE CEL
Farm and Spring Wagons,
of which I keep a constant supply on
band -but few their equal, m style and
quality, second to none.
CALL AND LEARN PRICES.
Cor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near
A. &N. Depot.
OUR BLUE BLOOD.
Two centuries and a half ago
Off trudge J to work with shouldered hoo
A woman, barefoot, browned, and rough.
With pluck of Puritanic stuff.
Six lustv children tagged behind.
All hatless, shoeless, uncoutlned,
Aud happv as the birds that flew
About them. Naught of books they knew,
Save one thc-v read at twilight hour.
Brought witlithciuin the stanch Mayflower.
A pretty lady, thin and white.
In a hammock swinging light.
Languishes, and in the.shade
Devours rhvme and lemonade;
While bending near her lover sighs.
And gently fans away the flies.
She murmurs: " "Tis so nice that we
Are neither of low family.
But of old Puritanic stock
That landed upon Plymouth Rock."
THE FDR SEAL.
From Mr. Elliott's Report.
The hair seal, distributed all over the
littoral salt waters of the earth, has been
persistently mistaken by naturalists for
the fur seal and sea lion, which, though
it belongs to the great group of pinni
peds, it no more resembles than "a rac
coon does a grizzly bear."
No animal is physically superior to
the fur seal, and few, if any have a high
er order of instinct approaching intelli
gence. Between the 1st and 5th of May, &
few fine, ambitious seals, of six or seven
years old, will swim leisurely toward
the island, will carry the head high, and
deliberately survey the beach. Some
will play idly among the waters, ready
to land as soon as, and no sooner than,
it is necessary. Others will land at
once. A seal, when he lands, steps (the
fore-flippers alternate in walking) two
wteps, then arches his spine, bringing
the hind-flippers under him, and then
steps again, the body never touching the
ground: and the head held erect and
graceful three feet above the ground,
with his long mustache falling down his
shoulders like a plume. He will select
a lot near the water-line of six or eight
feet, and settle dowa upon it. He will
be six or seven feet in length, and weigh
at least 400 pounds; older ones will
weigh 600 pounds. Compared to the
immensely thick neck and shoulders,
whiea are two-thirds of his whole
weight, his head seems disproportion
ately small, but it is almost all brain.
He has large, bluish-hazel eyes, that
born with revengeful or passionate light,
which changes to tenderness and good
nature. He has the muzzle and jaws of
a full-blooded Newfoundland dog, but
its lips press together like a man's. The
upper lip has a yellowish white and
gray long mustache. The fore-flippers
are a pair of bloish-black hands, eight
or nine inches broad at the junction with
the body, the metacarpal joint running
out fifteen or eighteen inches to an ovate
point. On the upper side of these flip
pers the hair of the body straggles down
fainter and finer to the point where the
metacarpal bones unite with the pha
langes (where our knuckles are) ; here
the nair ends. On the under side the skin
is bare from the extremity to the body
connection. The hind-flipper is like a
human foot, drawn out to the length of
twenty to twenty-two inches, the instep
flattened down. The bones are like
With his fore-flippers he does all his
climbing on land the hind are gath
ered up as useless trappings; they are
also his propelling power in the water,
the hind serving only as rudders. He
has two coverings, one a close soft fur,
the other a short crisp glistening hair.
The down and feathers on a duck lie
relatively as the fur and hair on the seal.
After he dries off, his prevailing color
is a dark dull brown, with a sprinkling
of lighter brown and black. The old
have grizzly gray coats; on the should
ers of all the adults is the wig, either
gray or rufous ochre, or a very pro-
Bounced pepper and salt. I he body
colors are most intense on the back of
the head, neck, and spine. His ears
are from an inch to an inch and a half
in length, and can be rolled up on them
selves, and his hearing is surpassingly
The sea lion has but one call or note ;
the walrus one. The hair seal's voice
is inaudible, but the fur seal has four
distinct calls. He has a hoarse, reso
nant roar, loud and long; he has an en
tirely different low, gurgling growl ; he
has a chuckling, sibilant, piping whis
tle; and a choo-choo-choo sound, like
steam-puffs from a locomotive.
Until the 1st to the 10th of June but
few more come, and all is quiet. About
that time the foggy, humid summersets
in, and the male seals swarm by thou
sands and locate in positions advantage
ous to receive the females, that come a
month to six weeks later. The locating
and maintaining a position becomes a
serious business to those that come last,
ana it is ail the time to those that take
the water-line. They fight day and
night without cessation, frequently to
the death of one or both combatants. It
seems a law that each shall have a lot,
of six or eight feet, provided he is strong
enough to keep it till the females come,
and some we"ar themselves out fighting
for it. Some show wonderful strength.
Says Mr. Elliot: "I saw one who came
early and took a position directly at the
water-line. He fought forty or fifty
desperate battles. Covered with scars
and frightfully gashed, with one eye
out, he held his own, and lorded it over
fifteen or twenty females, huddled on
his first location around him."
Only full-grown males fight. They
approach with averted heads, make
feints and passes; their heads dart out
and back quick as' a flash; they seize
with the teeth and clinch the jaws, and
only by sheer strength can they be
shaken off. Their hoarse roaring and
shrill whistle never cease, while their
bodies writhe and swell with exertion
and rage ; furious lights gleam in their
eyes, their hair flies in the air, and their
If the defender proves the weaker,
he leaves, and the conqueror takes his
Slace with a peculiar chuckle, and sits
own and fans himself with one of his
hind flippers. The necessity of guarding
his position keeps the male seal in the
one little spot until the breeding season
is over; he can not eat or drink, but
absorbs his own fat, and in August
crawls back to the sea a bony shadow,
abject ana spiritless, for he has not
drawn one torpid breath during his
whole fast. But the next season he
comes back fat, vigorous and ambitious
for a fight.
Between the 12th and the 14th of
June the females begin to come up from
the sea, and the males have a period of
desperate and universal fighting, the
fiercest fights they ever have. The
male sees the female on the water and
coaxes and urges her up the rocks and
jealously watches her; but when he sees
another and is wooing her, seal No. 2
will steal his wife and carry her off, as a
cat does a kitten ; and while Nos. 1 and
2 are fighting, No. 3 will steal her,
and sometimes she has several changes
before she is left in peace. Ths males
on the water-line have fifteen to twenty
females, while further back they do not
have more than five to .twelve. Nothing
will make the male desert his wives,
and after they are settled down they
cease fighting, but never sleep more than
five minutes at a time. He will not
attack a man, but he will not run from
The females are from four to four and
a half feet in length, and much more
shapely than the males. Their lithe,
elastic form3 never alter, for they do not
fast, but go out to the sea every day or
two. When they come up from the wa
ter they are of a dull, dirty-gray color,
dark on the back; but on drying they
fairly glisten with a rich steel aud
maltese gray luster on the back of the
head, the neck and along the spine,
which blends into an almost snow white
over the chest and abdomen. The head
and eyes are exceedingly beautiful, the
expression attractive, gentle and intel
ligent. The large lustrous blue-black
eyes are soft and numid, while the small
and well-formed head is poised most
gracefully on her neck. She is the very
picture of benignity and satisfaction,
when, perched on a rock, with her
head thrown back on her gently-swelling
shoulders, she tins herself quietly.
The females are very fond of being
together, and never fight, but are ex
ceedingly amiable, and rarely utter a
cry of pain, even when the males, in
fighting over them, fairly tear the skin
on their banks; and they sleep a great
They do not come up to meet their
uncouth lords; but in a few hours, or a
day, after coming each gives birth to
one jet black seal, with a tiny white
patch back of each forearm, and weigh
ing three or four pounds. If the little
one keeps on the limits, the male will
be a jealous, vigilant, fearless protector ;
but if he wander off the limits, though
in full sight, the male would not make
any movement if Mr. Elliott took him
up and carried him off. In a day or
two the mother takes a sea-bath and
gets food, and, coming bick, will give a
long, hollow call or bla-at like a sheep.
The young ones answer with a bla-at.
Each mother can tell her own young's
voice, though ten thousand are bla-ating
at a time, and will strike out to it, and
permit no one else to feed it.
In the early part of August this clock
like work is all broken up. Most of the
males go off to the water. Younger
ones, and those who have been kept off,
come to land. By the middle of August
the females are off in the water, only
coming ashore to look after the young,
who do not swim before they are a
month or six weeks old, and then are
very awkward; but they soon revel in
the water. By the middle of October
they have changed to a uniform dense
light-gray over-hair, which entirely
covers the under fur, so that until after
the second year the sex is not recogniza
ble. The eyes then are clear, dark,
liquid, beautiful and intelligent, to which
no other animal's can be comparad.
The seals leave the island in inde
pendent squads, each looking out for it
self ; but they all turn toward the south,
and disappear toward the horizon, and
spread out over the North Pacific as far
south as 47 deg.-48 deg. They feed
solely on fish, and when young are eat
en by the killer whale and shark, and
are the shyest and wariest of fish,though
when on the island they are very tame,
and will gambol around a boat in the
The theoretical value of these seals is
not less than $10,000,000 or $12,000,000.
In 1874, in ten rookeries on St. Paul
were 3,030,000 seals, on St. George
103,4203,193,420. Of non-breeders
there are probably 1,500,000. These
only have a commercial value, for no
others are killed, and only 100,030 year
ly of these. Their value is $1,800,000
$2,000,000, which pays the United States
15 per cent, annually.
Before they are old enough and strong
enough to fight for possession, the seals
keep aloof from the breeding-grounds,
and are called bachelors. These are
the only ones killed. They are docile
as sheep, and the fur is best when they
are but three or four years old. Three
or four men can drive as many thous
and about half a mile an hour. They
often rest and fan themselves. If heat
ed,. the fur comes out. They are knocked
on the head, then drawn out, stabbed
and skinned. The skinning is a very
severe labor, but averages four min
utes. Some will skin one in a minute
and a half. They are then salted and
put in a bin. This used to take nearly
three months, and the last skins would
be nearly worthless ; but the natives,
by improved health and skill and ambi
tion, can now salt 100,000 iu forty days,
so they are all perfect. They are nine
tenths of them sent to London, because
labor is cheaper there than here. The
fur is concealed under a coat of stiff
over-hair, dull, gray-brown and griz
zled. The skin must be warmed just
enough tot loosen the hair, so it can be
combed out, and not enough to loosen
the fur a very nice operation. Many
prime skins have lost value by being
badly cured. Mrs. Lucy E. Sanford,
in N. Y. Observer.
A Final Warning.
The editor of a new paper at an al
leged new town on the line of the Texas
& Pacific Railroad gives vent to the sup
pressed anguish of a harrowed-up soul
as follows :
"This is the last time we shall allude
to the persistent omission to stop at this
town of the trains on the T. & P. The
old excuse of the conductors that they
wouldn't know Skitville if they were to
see it appears singularly thin in face of
the fact that this morning we personal
ly planted a large painted stake beside
the track, which could be readily seen
by the engineer for the distance of half
a mile. This evening a nail will be
driven into said stake and Mediae's
stable lantern hung thereon. If the
night express also ignores this signal it
will be time enough for the American
people to. fully understand the malice
of this infamous blow leveled at the
prosperity of a growing metropolis by
a bloated and cowardly monopoly!"
Sati Francisco Post.
What Did They Nean !
The following conversation between
two colored citizens on the subiect of i
vaccination was recently overheard on
the streets of Austin:
" I has abont made up my mind to hab
myself vaccinated again. Has you eber
had yourself vaccinated a second time
"Yes, sah; I'se been vaocinated the
second time free or four times before,
and hit tuck ebery time ceptin' de fust
As the object of colored conversation
alists is not to obtain information, but to
merely hear themselves talk, they part
ed perfectly satisfied with the interview.
... . .-
" How came such a greasy mes3 in 1
the oven?" said a fidgety old spinster to i
ner mam-oi-aii-worK. vny," replied
the girl " the oandles fell into the water
and I put them in the oven to dry."
TThippe.l to Death by Order of Ills
Master aud Mistress.
In a slave-holding country the right
of punishing a slave is one of the un
written laws. It is only when some ex
ceptional case of cruelty becomes known
that the popular indignation is roused
and efforts are seeniiugly made to throw
the protection of the law around a help
less, persecuted class. One of these in
stances of brutality recently occurred in
the province of rarahyba, and is re
lated by a provincial journal as follows,
the story being told by a resident of
Souza on December 4 :
"On the 26th ult. (November) Dr.
Francis Jose de Souza, residing on the
Livramento plantation, went to the
L house of Dr. Martz, the juts de direiU,
and declared that, having ordered some
two hundred lashes to be given on the
24th to his slave, named Miguel, fifty
years of age, the slave felt some slight
indisposition. He worked as usual,
however, but on the 25th, being locked
up in his sleeping-room chained and
manacled, because he was a runaway,
he drank a great quantity of lye, which
he had filtered in the same room, and
on the 26 Ih, at eight in the morning, he
died. The police' of his district being
little skilled in examination and being
able to compromise him, he had come
to ask those functionaries to proceed to
the examination. The judges at ten
o'clock on the following morning ar
rived there, finding the population in
excitement. Experts being nominated
by the juiz municipal and the corpse
exposed in presence of over a hundred
persons, it was stripped. The body
presented a most horrible aspect. Some
what swollen, the skin was literally
burned, and separated from the body at
the slightest touch, with the exception
of the face, head, feet and hands ; with
large black bruises on the right side and
ribs, deep wounds in various parts of
the body, and great water blisters. This
was the anterior appearance. Turning
the corpse, it was seen with anguish
that the whole region between the pos
terior and the shoulder-blades was one
single deep sore, with furrows and cavi
ties more or less deep.
" The people hurled reproaches upon
Dr. Souza, 'who seemed the image of
consternation, asking that the corpse
should be opened for verifying the in
ternal injury done by the lye which
Miguel had drunk. The people cried
that that was not necessary, and that
the lashes and baths of boiling water
were the cause of his death. The juiz
munici))al ordered the corpse to be
opened, an operation which, through a
lack of professionals, was done with
more or less regularity. The stomach
was intact and also the throat; only the
posterior part of the liver, part of the
lungs and kidneys were as though
bruised; the tongue was intact from the
middle to the root, but burned at the
tip, which indicated an attempt to put
lye in the mouth of the corpse! In the
parts corresponding to the sides all the
tissues were black and suffused. There
had been a great internal hemorrhage.
" Delegado .Felinto Jose Furtado
searched for and examined everything
suspected in a case of punishment.
There were found various iron manacles,
chains, whips, fetters and an instrument
consisting of an iron ring with a tongue
on whose extremity was a large bell,
which is OTed for putting on the necks
of runaway slaves. The room in which
Miguel died was worse than the dungeon
of Taco, the difference being the grtfater
from its being inhabited by two and
having two baskets of ashes, two sachels
also full of ashes, gourds and other sim
ilar things; it exhaled an insufferable
odor arising from clots of blood in vari
ous parts. The slaves, nine In number,
were covered with scars produced by
the lash, hot water, hot caldo andirons!
The slave woman Lucia wore iron
shackles, manacles and the bell instru
ment; her body was covered with in
numerable scars, old and fresh.
The delegado sought to interrogate
two slaves, but, seeing that they were
frightened there, he decided to bring
them all to this city. Miguel, beside the
whipping of the 22d, to which he would
inevitably have succumbed, suffered a
greater one on the 24th, applied by his
master ana, after his becoming wearied,
by another slave. To his wounds there
were applied salt, onions and tobacco.
The most horrible of all is that the wife
of Dr. Souza is the principal author of
all these perversities. Rio Janeiro
Petty thieves are often crippled in
their endeavors to lire without work be
cause they lack ingenuity to devise
schemes that are not "played out."
Now and then a really bright fellow en
ters the field and puts his fellows to the
blush by the novelty of his little games.
Such a one rang the basement door-bell
of No. 11 East Seventy-ninth street yes
terday noon and informed the servant
who opened the door that the bntcher's
boy, who had but a moment before left
the day's marketing, had made a mis
take and left the wrong pieee of beef.
"Your book," said he, "calls for twelve
pounds of beef, and the piece left is
smaller. Give me the beef and the
passbook." The waiter reported to the
cook, who weighed the meat, and find
ing that it lacked the exact figure,
handed it over.
" Can't you put in a piece of paper?"
said the fellow, who was apparently 25
years old, well dressed and very glib.
"Why certainly!" rejoined the oblig
The man took the beef, also the pass
book and left. Later in the day the
book was found in the area, but the beef
had gone to parts unknown, and the
butcher opened his eyes wide when a
frightened and dismayed cook rushed
into his shop and wanted to know if he
expected "the family to go without din
ner just to oblige him." A". Y. Herald.
An interesting incident, which seems
to furnish a hatful of morals to any one
who is in search of such articles, occur
red at one of our depota during a recent
stormy day. A gentleman who had no
umbrella and who had just come into
town on a local train perceived before
him, as he stepped into the street, s
person whom he took to be an acquaint
ance, and who had a fine new umbrella
hoisted over his head. Running up to
him, therefore, he clapped him on the
shoulder, saying, as he did so, by way
of a joke: "I'll take that umbrella, if
you please." The individual thus ad
dressed looked around and disclosed a
perfect stranger, but, before the other
could apologize, he said, hurriedly:
"Oh, it's yours, is it? Weill I didn't
know that. Here, you can have it,"
and broke away, leaving the utensil in
the hands of the first party to the con
versation. This narrative, which is
strictly true, affords a valuable hint to
persons who may be caught out without
protection from the rain. Boston Journal.
An HUnois State Prison,
In a recent lecture before a Chicago
audience Major McCIaughrey, the ward
en of the State Penitentiary at Joliet,
111., gave the following interesting ac
count of prison life in that institution:
The State Prison is a pl&ce surround
ed with walls twenty-eight feet high, in
closing the cells, houses, and workshops
covering sixteen acres. In it are con
fined 1,504 prisoners, to guard and mam
age whom requires the services of sev
enty officials in addition to 100 citizens
employed as instructors in the work
shops. To feed these prisoners requires
annually 360,000 pound of meal, 4,000
barrels of flour, 8,000 bushels of pota
toes, and 10,000 pounds of coffee. There
are baked daily twelve barrels of flour,
and 250 gallons of coffee are used. When
the prisoner is first received he is taken
to the bath-room, where he is cleansed,
and dons his zebra-striped suit of prison
uniform. Next he goes to the barber
shop, where he is shaved, has his hair
eut, is accurately described, and re
ceives his instructions. He receives
four tickets entitling him to the priv
ileges of rations of tobacco and candles,
writing, and receiving visitors at certain
times. These are his bank books.
When he commits a breach of discipline
ono is taken away. Thanksgiving-day
general amnesty is proclaimed and the
prisoners receive a fresh supply of
cards. Many prisoners refuse to work,
or are stubborn. For their accommo
dation is the "solitary," a stone cell
8x12 feet, lighted from above by a small
opening, and furnished only with a nar
row plunk for a bed. Many s prisoner
who goes in there announces that he will
die before he gives up. None ever die,
however. They are all alone by them
selves; they have time to reflect; there
is no one to jaw back at them. The
terrible loneliness oppresses them, and
they always give in. That the savings
bank principle of "good time" works
well is evidenced by the fact that of
2,975 prisoners who have passed through
the prison in two years, only 489 have.
The law of absolute silence is imposed,
and by this the prisoner feels that he is
absolutely shut out from the world. la
his meditations he forms resolutions
which he would keep were it not for the
influence of the large congregation of
prisoners, which leads him to believe
that the brand of felony can never be
effaced. There are only twenty-two fe
male prisoners in Joliet, and, strange as
it may seem, they are as silent as the
The speaker made a strong point of
the extreme youthfulness of alarge pro
portion of the prisoners. He showed
that 97 per cent were under 50; 89 per
cent under 40; 69 per cent under 30;
and 20 per cent ander 20 years of age.
These figures showed oonchtsively that
the criminal classes are recruited from
the young, and it is with the young the
work of reformation must begin. Of
the 1,407 prisoners at the date of the
last report, 1,078 were born in the
United States, but most were of foreign
parentage 64 were born in Canada, 49
in England, 61 in Germany, 76 in Ire
land, 15 in Sweden and Norway, 15 in
France and 10 in Scotland. There were
only seven barkeepers, but there were
lots of their customers. There was on
one lawyer, and he got in by mistake,
and has secured a new trial. There
was ono clergyman, but he had only
killed his wife. Of the prisoners 553
professed to be teetotalers,482 acknowl
eged their habitual intemperance, while
372 claimed to be moderate drinkers.
In the matter of religion 286 professed
to be Catholics, 37 Methodiste, 31 Pres
byterians, 13 Lutherans, 20 Baptists, 5
Episcopalians, 5 Universalists, 9 Camp
bellites, and 9 Unitarians, while 973
professed no religion,and acknowledged
that they had never received any relig
Hardened criminals can scarcely ever
be reformed. Out of 237 prisoners re
ceived the past year who had served the
State of Illinois before, 166 had served
two terms, forty-three were in for the
third time, thirteen for the fourth time,
seven for the fifth, and one for the sixth.
One man was in for the seventh time.
He commenced serving the State for the
first time at Alton in 1832, and he has
been doing time with brief vacations
ever since. His failing was an uncon
trollable admiration for horseflesh.
Criminals are made in great part by
criminal parentage and associations. To
pernicious literature among boys and
obscene books among both boys and
girls can be traced a great deal of crime.
The part the saloon plays is known to
every reader of the newspapers and the
police-court records. Much is due to
the lack of good home influences. A
much larger number might be saved
than is generally believed. Many a man
leaves the prisons and reform?, becomes
a new man, and turns out a useful mem
ber of society. Idleness is one of the
most prominent causes of crime, and no
preventive measures will be successful
unless this is taken into consideration.
The chances of an illiterate man becom
ing a criminal are sixteen times greater
than in the case of an educated man, as
proved by statistics, which is a most
powerful argument for compulsory edu
cation. Regarding the measures to be adopted
the speaker "went on to show that there
were in the penitentiaries of the country
30,000 criminals. At least 15,000 more
are in the jails and reformatories, while
fully 320,000 are at large. If they were
made to work the chances of their
engaging in criminal acts would be
lessened. The product of convict labor
is estimated at $20,000,000, as opposed
to $5,000,000,000 for the product of free
labor, from which the speaker argued
that there was no immediate fear of ruin
ous competition from convicts. There
is no humane way of treating a convict
which does not embrace work as a car
As to the attempts to reform released
convicts, the lecturer asserted that the
duty of the State did not end with their
discharge. It should look after their
welfare and procure employment for
them. The test of a willingness to
reform is a willingness to work at real,
hard manual labor. The released con
vlot should be encouraged by the State.
It is cheaper to aid him to self-support
than to make of him a social Ishmaelite.
Then he feel the stripes show through
his citizen's clothes, and left to himself,
he abandons his resolutions. He needs
some one to get him into the habit of
work and lead him into good paths.
The rage for house decorations has
reached those wandering bipeds, the
gyp3ies, and they now order houses on
wheels, the body of which is painted
carmine, striped with black and canary
color. The top is in flesh colors, the
moldings ultramarine blue, and the top
corners carmine, tipped with gold.
Digitated stockings or stockings
having a separate compartmest for each
toe, is the latest exhibition of feminia-
pith and poixr.
Pittsburgh is preparing to supply
the country with sheet-iron lath. Why
not have sheet-iron walls in the first
place? Free Press.
The Baltimore Sun asks "why
don't the millionaire editor " Hold on,
sir! Stop a moment; which of us do
you mean?" Detroit Post.
"Yes, sir," said Gallagher, " it was
funny enough to make a donkey laugh.
I laughed till I cried." And when he
saw a smile go around the room he grew
red in the face.
Recently an Ohio man on his travels
found a shell on the Gettysburg battle
field. He took it home and put it in the
stove to see if it was real. It was genu
ine. But the stove is the most glaring
imitation you ever looked at. Hawkey e.
Town has been asked whether it is
unladylike to carry a pug dog, and it
answers that pugs are not going out
of fashion, but that the uglier the dog
the better the contrast it gives to the
good looks of the owner. The saffron
tinted pug is the best, because it con
trasts well with the fashionable mastic
Some men who never give up a cent
until they are obliged to, object to hav
ing donations published. "Let not thyi
right hand know what thy left hand,
doeth," said one who never save any
thing but advice. "Yea, verily," said a
bilious brother in the corner; " what I
give is nothing to nobody." He was
right. X. O. Picaiuue.
If a young man is of proper age,
can support a wife, aud is reasonably,
industrious, he is pretty sure to walk
into the trap before thirty. After that
age well, of course, he has had experi
ence and is probably matured in his
judgment, and, having glanced at the
married life of many people, concludes
to jog along toward the home stretch in.'
single harness. Chicago ItUer-Ocean.
Different Ferns ef Ceanterfelolar
Gold coins are tampered with in a.
number of ways in addition to the regu
lar counterfeits. The most common are
"sweating," filing the edge or reeding,
plugging and filling.
Sweating is done in a variety of ways,
all removing portions of the coins front
all parts equally, and reducing the valne
about one-twentieth. Filing the edge
or reeding leaves the ridges quite sharp
and subtracts as bigh as one-tenth the
value. In all these caees the appearance,
ring, etc., are very good, the weight only
In plugged coins (double eagles only
having been found subjected to this
process), holes are bored into tho coin
from the reeding and the cavities filled
With base metal, only the orifice being
covered with gold and the reeding then
touched up with a file. The loss in these
coins is from one-eighth to one-sixth.
Filled coins of all denominations are
fonnd from the quarter eagle to the
double eagle. The reeding is taken off
entire, the coin sawed through, and the
inner part of each removed, leaving
only a paper thickness of the original
surface. With a filling of platinum,
and the surface restored, the coin is
outwardly a genuine one and is of cor
rect size and nas a good ring. By th
process nearly four-fifths of the value is
There are numerous counterfeits of
Rilver coin, and a description of all of
the different issues would be almost im
possible. The tests employed at the mint are
weight and size, and if we take the three
tests of weight, diameter and thickness
it will be found almost impossible for
the counterfeiters to comply with these
three tests unless genuine metal is used.
" Struck" counterfeits, or those made
by dies, are by far the most dangerous,
as the lettering and milling are sharp
and clear, and they have the same ring
as a genuine coin. The weight alone is
sufficient to determine the character of
nearly all counterfeits of this class.
In counterfeit silver a very large per
centage are made by molds. Ordinary
type metal is use, and the coins are
then plated. Some very good specimens
are m:ule in this manner, but if of the
required size they are much lighter
than the genuine, and if of the required
weight they differ in diameter or thick
ness. The outfit required for molding coun
terfeit silver is so simple and inexpen
sive that the number of molds that have
been made Is very large.
Last year alone, according to the re
port of the Chief of the Secret Service,
86 sets of molds were captured, and it
is not thought that a very large per
centage of this class of a counterfeiter's
outfit is yet discovered.
The manner of making this class of
counterfeits is as follows: A complete
east of a genuine coin Is taken in plaster
of pans, after the method of stereotyp
ing to make a moia. l he plaster ol
paris mold is then m iderately baked
and filled with whatever base compound
is used. When the metal cast is suffi
ciently cooled, the mold is taken apart,
the casting removed, finished up, and
either washed in a solution of silver or
electro-plated with the same metal.
These counterfeits are generally under
weight, and lack the clear ring of the
A much larger amount of counterfeit
coin is in existence than is supposed.
Statistics obtained from a large railroad
company, whose daily receipts exceed
$8,000 in coin, show that the amount of
counterfeit coin offered for tickets at its
different offices exceeds $ 100 a week, or
over $20,000 a year. This is over stx
tenths of one per cent, of the entire
amount offered. As it is probable that
a large amount of the poorer counter
feits are never offered to ticket agents
(they naturally being considered good
judges of monoy), it is probable that
six-tenths of one per cent, is a low esti
mate of the amount of counterfeit coin
When it is considered that $600,000
of one counterfeit United States note
was circulated (the $50 of the old issue),
and that there is hardly a bank in the
country but has from oae to half a
dozen of these notes among its assets,
the large amount of counterfeit currency
in existence will be appreciated.
And, further, when it is considered
that the smaller the denomination coun
terfeited the wider will be the field
where it can be circulated, as a majority
of people are not familiar with a note of
the denomination of $50, and it is a fact
that counterfeit notes of the smaller de
nominations have had a much more ex
tended circulation. This has been par
ticularly noticeable among the $5 coun
terfeits. Among silver the quarter dollar has
been most extensively and successfully
counterfeited, and when it is considered
that this coin ha3 a wider circulation
than almost any other denomination,
and is much more used than any other
coin, it will be seen that the counter
feiters evinced good judgment in mk
ing this selection. Uukr wood's Cowy
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