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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (May 17, 1882)
IAYEB OF ADYEKTIMIIVC;.
ISSUK1) KVEKV VKDNE6IAY,
M. Iv. TURNER. & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
QSTBusiness and professional cards
of five lines or less, per annum, five
B? For time advertisements, apply
at this office.
E3"Legal advertisements at statute
BFFor transient advertising, see
rates on third page.
13? All advertisements Davable
V2S0FFICEElertnth St., up ttairs
in Journal Building.
Perycar 92 09
Six I'noiiili!- 1 OO
Three inoiitliA SO
Single copies OS
VOL. XIII.-N0. 3.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, MAY 17," 1882.
WHOLE NO. C27.
d. Senator, Xeb-
C. II. VanW yck,
Alvin auxdeks. U.S. Senator, Omaha.
E. K. Vai.hiixk, K-p., West Point.
T.J. Majors, Contingent Rep., Peru.
Aliunus Naxck, (tovcruor, Lincoln.
S.J. Alexander, Secretary oi Stnte.
Jolin Walliein, Auditor, Lincoln.
G. M. Hartlett, Freahurer, Lincoln.
C.J. Dilwortu, Attorney-General.
AW V. V. Jone-i, Supt. Public Inotruc.
C.J. Xole, Warden of Peuitentinrv.
W. W. Abbrv
C. II. Gould,
J.O. Carter, Prison Physician.
JI.P. .M:ithewMon,Supt."ln3anc Asylum.
F)- ABL SHOTTE,
Otlicc at Dowty. Weaver & Co's store.
A iUERMn KOEN,
ItAXKEHS, Collection, Insurance mid
Loan Audits, Foreign Exchange and Pas
sage Tickets a specialty.
I Associate Judaea.
George It. Lake,
S. .Maxwell, Chief Justice,
FOURTH .lUIUCIAl.. MSTKICT.
G. V. Poxt, Judire. York.
M. B. Reese, District Attorney, Waboo.
M. R. Hoie, ItogN tor, Grand Island.
Wm. Ativan. Receiver, Grand Island.
State SiMiitnr, M. K. Turner.
" Ui-piientativc, (5. W. Lehman.
J. G. Hitrgiii, County Judge.
John Stauil'er, County Clerk.
J. W. Early. Treasurer.
I). C. Kavauatigh, Mierifl".
L.J. Crnier, Surveyor.
OKKI.lfJN 4k SULLIVAN,
A TTORNEYS-A T-LA W,
Up-9tairs in Gluck Building, 11th street,
Above the New bank.
it j. iiijimo:,
1 2th Street, 2 doors wet of llamnoad Iloue,
Columbus, Neb. 491-y
Mrs. M. S. Drake
APUINO AM NUJinER
HILLIIEHY AID FAICY HOOKS.
rK. n. i. tiiuknto:,
Office over corner of 11th and Xorth-st.
All operations li rat-class and warranted.
IIIICAtiO HAKItUK SHOP!
UEXRY WOODS, Pkop'r.
ISTEvery thing in first -class style.
Also keep the best of cigars. 51G-"y
Joseph Rivet, C
II. J Hudson, )
Dr. A. He
J. E. .Mom
Supt. of Schools.
Illicit. I . . .....
AV..M.CorneliuSf .'UfliccBOltuoi eaee.
Si EKR & UIKDKK,
A TTORNEYS A T LA W,
133 A FULL ASSORTMENT OF EV
ERYTHING BELONGING TO A
Nebraska Avenue, two doors north of the
Office on Olive
St., Columbus, Nebraska.
J. R. Meagher, Mayor.
A. 15. Coflroth, Clerk.
J. It. DeNmaii, Trc'iurer.
W.N. Ileii-ley, Polifu Judge.
J. E. Xoilli, Engineer.
1st Ward lolm Rickly.
G. A. S'-hroedcr.
2i H'rtrZ-Pat. Hays.
'Ul WardI. Ramu-sen.
A. A. Smith.
Coluiiitins Pout Offlco.
Open on Siiii.la iriu 11 a.m. to 12 m.
and I roin i::ti) to C p. m. Rumucna
hotiri except Sunila i; a.m. tuS i. m.
Eanlerii inail.s closi nt'll a.m.
Western mail- close at 1 :l.r. p.m.
Mail leae- Coluiulms for Lost Creek,
Genoa, St. Edwards. Albion, Platte
Center. Humphrey, .Madison and Nor
folk, every day (except Sundays)' at
1 : :tT ji. in. Arrives at W:.V.
For Shell Creek and Creston, on Mon
days and Fridays, a. m., returning
at 7 r. M-same da s.
Fur Alexis. Patron and Da id City,
Tuesdays, Thursiitvs and Saturdays,
1 p. m Arries at 12 m.
For Omkliug Tucsri.-u s and Saturdays
7 a. m. Arrives C, p. in. same das.
J. 1. Time Table.
Emigrant, No.iS, leaves at ;:2."i a.
Passeng'r, "4, ' ".... 11:W! a.
Freight, " S, " " :K p.
Freight. ' 10. " "... J:,10 a.
Freight, No.."i, leaes at
Passeng'r, :!, '
Freight, " It,
Emigrant, 7. " "
Everv dav exempt Saturday the
lin-s leading to Chicago connect
U 1. trains at Omaha. On
there will be but one train
V, .1IVERS .11. .,
Will attend to all calls night and
Office with O. F. Merrill, east of A & N.
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
A TTOJiNEYS AT LA W,
OflitM: up-stairs in McAllister's build
ing. 11th St. W. A. McAllister, Notary
J. M. MACKAKLAMI,
Attcrc7 1 Mc'.iry TAVt.
MANUFACTURERS AND WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
LAW AND COLLECTION OFFICE
Columbtts, : : : Nebraska.
EO. L. MclvELVEY,
PKOPIUKTOU OK HIE
-fCXIY lURItER lll!4-:
Jc7Jr well th St., five doors west of the
Hammond House. .Vj-tf
T ii. Ri.sriii:,
llth St., nearly opp. Gluck's store,
SclK Harness, Saddles, Collars, Whips,
Blankets, Currj- Combs, Brushes, etc..
at the lowest possible prices. Repairs
promptly attended to.
a dav, as
shown by the following schedule
O.. N. B. II. ROAD.
Time Schedule No. 4. To take effect
June 2, '81. For tlfe government and
information of employees only. The
Company reserves the right to vary
therefrom at pleasure. Trains dailv.
Outicard Bound. Imcard Bound.
Columbus -l::n p.m. Xorfolk 7:2t a. m.
LostCreek.r:21 " Mtinsou 7:47 "
PL Centre .":12 " .Madison .8:2H "
Humphrev;;2." " Humphrev:0.' '
Madison 7:04 " PI. Centre 9:48
Munson 7:4.T " LostCrceklO.Olt '
Norfolk . . 8:04 ColumbaslO:r." "
Columbus 4:45 p.m. Albion ..7:4."iA.M.
LostCreek::SI St. EdwardS::tO "
Genoa fi:ir, " Genoa 0:14 "
St.Ei1ward7:00 " Lost Creck0:59 "
Albion . . 7:47 " Columbusl0:45 "
B. .t M. TIME TABLE.
Leaves Columbus, .i:4f a. M.
' Bell wood :;w
" David Citv, 7.20 "
44 Garrison, 7:lf 44
44 Clvsses, S:2T 44
44 Staplehurst, 8:.V. "
Seward, H:."0 44
44 Ruby I):fi0 44
44 Milford. 10:iri '
44 Pleasant Dale, 10:45 "
44 Emerald 11:10 44
Arrives at Lincoln 11:50 M.
Leaves Lincoln at 12:50 p. m. and ar
rives in Columbus 7:00p. M.
Makes close connection at Lincoln for
all points east, west and south.
Justice of the Peace and
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Columbus
Nebraska. N. B. He will give
close attention, to all business entrusted
to him. 248.
T OUIS SCHRE1BER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc., mads to
order, and all work guaranteed.
JgrShop opposite the " Tattersall,"
Olive Street. ..25
OFFICE, CO L UMIi US, NEB.
Dr. A. HEINTZ,
DRUGS. I1CIIK. CHEMICALS,
Fine Soaps, Brushes,
PERFUMEEY, Etc., Etc.,
And all articles usually kept ou hand by
Physicians Prescriptions Carefully
Eleventh street, near Foundry.
COLUMBUS. : NEBRASKA.
SPE1CE & NORTH,
General Agents for the Sale of
YyA.ER & WESTCOIT,
Are prepared to furnish the public w.'th
good teams, buggies and carriages for all
occasions, especially for fuuerals. Also
conduct a feed and sale stable. 49
Union Pacitic, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lands for sale at from $3.00 to $10.00
per acre forcashvor on fiye or ten years
time, in annual payment to suit pur
chasers. We have also a large and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved. Tor sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Also business and
rcsidenco lots in the city. We keep a
complete abstract of title to all real es
tate in Platte County.
IS PUKPAKKI), WITH
FIRST -CLASS APPARATUS,
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give niin a call.
h. iuers & CO.,
J. B. Moncrief, Co. Supt.,
Will be in his office at the Court House
on the first Saturday of each
month for the purpose of examining
applicants for teacher's certificates, and
for the transaction of any other business
pertaining to schools. " ?C7-v
Patent Roller Process
Xrw IJrlrk Shop oiipovltr HrlnU's llm? Store.
ALL KINDS OF WOOD AND IRON WORK ON
WAGONS AND BUGGIES DONE
ON SHORT NOTICE.
S. J. MARMO Y, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
new house, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
JQTSetN a FirM-ClawN Table.
CONTRACTOR AND BUILDER.
Plans and estimator supplied for cither
frame or brick buildings. Good work
guaranteed. Shop on 13th Street, near
St. Paul Lumber Yard, Columbus, Ne
braska. ,V2 t;mo.
irtiie. Ales, Cigars and Tobacco.
JSTScbilz's Milwaukee Reer constant
ly on hand.3i
Elrvkntii St., ....Columbus. Nkb.
ALWAYS GIVES SATISFACTION,
Because it makes a superior article
bread, aud is the cheapest "flour
in the market.
Every sack warranted to run alike,
HERMAN OEHLRICH & BRO.,
Drs. MITCHELL & MABTYN,
MEDICAL HAL INSTITUTE.
Meals, 25 Cts. Lodgings.... 25 Cts.
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor
BSTWboIesale and Retail Dealer in For
eign W-jnes, Liquors and Cigars, Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
X3rKentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
OYSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk StTMt, SHtk ofDepet.
Sunjeons O., N. tt B. H.B.
Asst. tiurycon U. P. JTy,
COLUMBUS, - -
JS. MURDOUK & SON,
Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will .guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give us au oppor
tunitytoestimateforvou. SSTSbon n
loth btone door west of Friedhof &
CoTs. store, Columbus, Nebr
DEALKR IN ALL KINDS OF
I KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND A
WELL SELECTED STOCK.
Teas, Coffees, Sugar, Syrups,
Dried and Canned Fruits,
and other Staples a
Bcll-Xakin? and BelMHngiBg.
In twelve centuries of bell-making II
Is natural that some bells of moment
should have been cast. Moscow pos
sesses the heaviest bell in the world, the
Monarch," weighing 193 tons and
worth simply for bell metal $350,000. It
has never rung a stroke, having been
sracked in the casting, and now forms
the dome of a small chapel built be-
neatn ic Anotner in St. Ivan's Church,
(Moscow) has a weight of fifty-seven:
tons. There is a bell in Pekin, China, i
weigning nrty-tnree tons. The great
bell at Itouen weighs eighteen tons.'
The boll of St. Paul's, London, has quite
a history. It was originally past in the
reign of Edward I., and hung at West
minster Abbey to give the hour to the
fudges. William III. gave it to St.
Paul's, and on Now Year's Day, 1C99, it
sounded its first peal from that venera
ble pile. It has since been twice recast
with additional metal. This bell tolls
'only on the death of some member of
the royal family, or of the Bishop of
London, the De.in of St. Paul's, the
Archbishop of Canterbury, and the
Lord Mayor of London.
Great Tom, of Oxford, is another
notable boll. It was cast for the great
monastery of Oseuey in the suburbs of
Oxford. About the year 1860 Robert
King, the last Abbott of Oseney, be
stowed it on Oxford. It was hung over
the gateway of Christ Church, ana gives
101 strokes daily at 9 p. nt. in honor of
the 101 gentlemen who have bestowed
scholarships on the institution. Of all
mediaeval institutions bolls alone seem
to retain their hold on modern times.
In the thousand rural parishes of Eng
land at the present day the bell is as
necessary and as much venerated as the
church itself. It marks the flight of the
hours, rings in the new year, speeds the
old, announces the heir to the great es
tate, graces marriage, feast, and festi
val, knells tho dead, tolls for fast and
funeral, and becomes a part of the life
of the people. When the old parish
peal becomes cracked, however, there is
short shrift for it; an order is at once
sent up to London for a new peal. Then
the wardens and vestrymen explore the
old ivy-covered tower, undisturbed for
a contury, perhaps, clear out the dust
and rubbish, and make sure that its
timbers are sound and able to bear the
weight of tho new monsters. When the
bells are announced as being at tho sta
tion, perhaps two or three miles away,
the wardens are deputed to escort them
to town, and a grand reception is deter
mined on. An English clergyman,
writing a generation ago, thus describes
the custom observed: "Two wagons,
each decorated with evergreons and
drawn by teams of gray horses bedecked
with ribbons, set out for the bells, re
turning with them in the afternoon.
Shouts of the multitude greet their ar
rival, and at the ancient public house on
the green the procession comes ta a
stand. Then commences the profane
christening. In the largest bell, inverted
for the purpose, mine host mixes a mot
ley compound of beer, rum, and the
like, which is liberally distributed amon"
the good-humored company. In the
treble tho bell founder's . representative
has a more delicate mixture from which
to offer a libation to more distinguished
guests. In this way the festivalproceeds
with much good" humor and merry
making, and when tbe bells are empty
they ascend to their lofty settlement
with the hearty aid and good wishes of
Bell-ringing, little cultivated In
America, has become one of the fine arts
in England and on the Continent.
Belgium and the Low Countries lead in
the science. Nearly every church tower
there is furnished with a carillon of
from thirty to sixty bells. The carillon
is played by means of keys (something
Hke those of a pianoforte, bat larger)
and pedals, which are attached to the
bell-clappers by bands or rods. The
bells carry a complete series or scales
of tones or semi-tones, and in playing,
both the hands and feet of the perform
er are employed. The music is very
sweet and sprightly, and floating down
from the towers salutes the traveler at
every hour of the day with a concord of
sweet sounds. In England, a genera
tion ago, tho peal was almost the only
form of bell-nnging practiced. Eight
bells form a perfect peal, although
twelve are frequently employed. Each
bell is so pitched, beginning with the
larsrest and tenor bell, that tho tnno
follow one another in diatonic succes
sion. Each bell had its ringer, usually
a stout lusty young man, who had not
only to give his bell a firm and distinct
utterance, but must ring in harmony
with his fellows. Ringing the changes
on eight bells was regarded as the acme
of the profession. By transposing a
tone, at each revolution of the pea it
is evident that an infinite variety of
changes can be rung on a peal of bells.
Three bells, for instance, would give us
six changes; four bells, four times
as many, or twenty-four; five bells, one
hundred and twenty; and twelve bells,
479,001,600. It has been estimated
that ninety-one years would be required
to ring all the changes on a peal of
twelvo bells, allowing two strokes per
second. The modern chime is much
like the ancient peal, except that tfre
bells are struck by measure of keys
commencing with the clapper as in the
carillon. Cor. N. Y. Evening Post.
Strike a Iigfctv
Owing to the fact that Senator Wag
ner was one of the victims of the lute
disaster at Spuytcn Duyvil Creek, and
was burned to death in "one of his own
pars, a far more searching Investigation
into the affair will be made than would,
under ordinary circumstances, bo at all
probable. A score of unknown emi
grants, slaughtered in the hhzh old rail-.
I mmj . t.:n ... u . .
. iwci iiuuiuu, wuuiu nieiuj no inquiry
and lead to few results. Had a Vanuer
bilt been one of the victims, it is not
rush to predict that no such accident
would ever again occur on any of the
roads in which that family were inter
ested. Senator Wagner, however, was
of sufficient importance to warrant thor
ough inquiry and perhaps some reform.
One would hardly suppose that a Wag
ner car would over again be heated by
coal instead of steam, or lighted with
The railroad officials aro very naturally
disposed to throw the entire blame upon
the brakeman who neglected to go back
far enough to prevent the Tarrytown
express from running into the other
train. There seems to be little room to
doubt his culpability; but when the offi
cials say that the management had done
its best to prevent such accideute,"
and cannot command perfect human
machines, there remains something
more Ut be said on tho subject.
The slaughter occurred at one of the
most dangerous points on the road.
There is a rocky cut with so sharp a
curve that one end cannot bo seen from
the other, and neither end from the
center. A flagman at one end of this
cut was, it is said, withdrawn last year
in order to save the expense of $0 a
month. Although the brakeman sent
back with tho signal was regarded as
one of the most trustworthy, his defense
is that he did not go back farther be
cause he did not wish to be left by the
train and have to trudge to the station
in the snow. One passenger declares
that tho brakeman was only a few yards
away from the train and seemed stupe
fied. This is explained by another
passenger, who declares that there
being many Albany politicians on the
train, there was a groat deal of drink
ing going on, and train employes seem
ed to bo helped freely to liquor and
cigars. As the train had stopped fifteen
minutes before the collision, it is evi
dent that there was ample time to reach
the on-coming train and to stop it a
safe distance off. The influential posi
tion of Senator Wagner in railroad cir
cles will, :is we have suggested, probably
result in a more searching inquiry than
the slaughter of ordinary beings. Prob
ably, too, it will end in some improve
ments oi beneht to the general public.
If it had been a Vandcrbilt, one may be
perfectly sure that remedies would be
adopted which may, perhaps, now be
slighted. Were there a Vanderbilt on
every train run by the Vanderbilt in
terests, no train would bo permitted to
run into another at the end of a rocky
cut, from which it is impossible to see
more than a few feet of track in front
of the locomotive. Brakerncn, too,
would, under such circumstances, be
almost absolutely certain to go back far
enough to warn trains against plung
ing into the rear cars. For it is one cu
rious fact in tiie history of railroads
that, much as presidents, directors and
other officials travel upon their rail
roads, disasters nover happen to their
trains. All other trains have to keep
out of the wavt and conductors, brake-
men ami all officials are prompt to pre
vent tho "accidents" which happen to
common people. With a Vanderbilt on
every tram, the track would be flagged
and no vrain allowed to leave one sta
tion until it was known that the track
wjis clear to the next Detroit Free
The Adrenture of a Girl Somnamb
Ooodii DellTered Free
part of Ike City.
Great chance to make
money. Those who al
ways take advantage
or the good chances for
niakinp money that are offered, general
ly become wealthy, while those who do
not improve such chances remain in
poverty. We want many men, women,
boys and girls to work for us right in
their own localities. Anv one can do
the work properly from the first start.
Tbe business will pay more than ten
times ordinary wages. Expensive out
fit furnished free. No one who engages
fails to make money rapidly. You can
devote your whole time to the work, or
nlv your spare moments. Full infnr.
Imation and all that is needed sent free
AddressSTUjsoNACo, Portland' Maine
I AM ALSO
Farm and Spring Wagons,
of which I keep & constant supply on
hand, but few their equal. In style and
quality, second to none.
CALL AMD LEASH PRICES.
Uor. Thirteenth and K Streets, near I
-a. c JS . JJepot.
Is the Earth Drying Up!
Physicists and scientists say that the
amount of water on the surface of the
Slobois steadily decreasing, and that
le land gains on the sea year by year.
It is quite true that in some portions of
the globe the sea is eating up, as it
were, the land. This is true of the
Atlantic coast, which gives evidence of.-,
steady encroachment of the ocean upon
its shores. New York will some day be
a city under the sea, and its great bridge
and ruins can be examined and disin
terred only by means of diving bells.
Geographers tell us that two-thirds of
the earth's surface is composed of water,
so we can afford to lose a good deal of
that element without suffering. If the
nebular hypothesis is correct, and the
earth was once vast sea of fire, water
was then non-existent, and, when it first
appeared, must have come in the form
of steam. Life was not possible until
the fluid cooled, and it most have been
myriads of years before the great salt
seas formed. If the earth should grad
ually lose its moisture, great changes
Will ha oftaMiiA Tl.nm ll K
land Mil A dpnaor tmnnlafinn fsmn !
marine animals, and more room for the
races which now inhabit the land. Cer
tain districts will become arid, swamps
will dry up, vast waterways will be con
rerted into dry laud. What a pity it is
we can not go to sleep for a thousand
years, so as to see what kind of a world
this will be In the year 3000. There
will, we apprehend, be some water left
ren then. DemoresVs Monthly?
Queen Victoria is fond of cold
ther. A hot room causes her to feel
111 and faint. At Windsor Castle the
hot sir is never turned on in her soke of
I rooMtj even in the coldest weather.
Seldom, however, has it fallen to tho
task of the news chronicler to rolate a
more frightful and harrowing instance
of somnambulism than that of a young
lady at Huntingburgh, on the night of
the Cth inst. It wdl bo remembered
that about this time the freezing weath
er of the previous days haa left the
pavements aud house-tone covered with
a sheet of ice, making it even more dif
ficult for one to retain his equilibrium
on the most frequented thoroughfares.
To those acquainted with Hunting
burgh, the large tobacco warehouse of
Rothert must be easily remembered,
with its four or five stories towering
above all surrounding buildings, and
almost exceeding in height the tallest
church spires. Upon the night in ques
tion, as the faithful City Alarshal was
bracing tho sleet and snow, watching
the interests of the quiet little city,
which was then wrapt in profound si
lence and slumber, there sudde'nly flit
ted before his vision a swift-moving
white apparition, whose snowy robes
were flapping wildly in the wintry wind.
With weird quickness it disappeared in
tne oasement of the above building,
leaving the startled sentry no time to
contemplate its ghostly form and ap
parently supernatural mission. Not a
sound was hoard from the specter, as it
swiftly vanished, save the rustle of its
ghostly garments, and the brave Mar
shal was naturally terror-stricken at the
unearthful sight, and fled to the near
est house to rid himself of the chiding
influences of tho phantom and to stop
the marrow which was creeping through
his bones. Ho hastily related his en
counter with the strange being
and the point where it had disappeared!
Quickly gathering together four men,
ihev returned to the haunted hom.
Suddenly the same weird form was seen
to issue through the skylight of the
building and walk out upon the slippery
roof. For the first time the fearful re
ality now flashed upon their minds that
it was a somnambulistic freak of some
denizen of the village. There was a
painful silence as the four men realized
the frightful peril of the unconscious
maiden, likely each moment to lose hex
footing and be hurled downward for
some hundred feet Again she moved
forward upon the roof, while her horror
stricken" audienco dared not move or
speak for fear of startling her. She
paced the full length of the building to
the gable, and then seemed to hesitate
upon one fearful leap down four floors.
But luckily she turned aoin toward tlm
skylight, and as the breathless men below
were watching her, she slowly returned
and disappeared through the aperture,
closing the trap-door after her. By sin
gular adroitness, and, as might be said,
almost superhuman quickness, she
reached the point where she had en
tered, when the four men seized ho'r as
he glared at them through death-cold
eyes, but spoke not a word. She waa
quickly identified and borne to her
home, where she is suffering extreme
anguish from frosted feet and hands,
while her struffffle between life wwl
death on the building may lead to the
People who light their pipes, cigars
or lamps, or kindle their fires by the in
stantaneous ignition of friction matches,
have, unless they are old people, very
littlo conception of the labor and trib
ulation attendant upon the same
process fifty years ago. Every well
regulated family, at that time, was pro
vided with a tin box of tinder, nroduced
by the combustion of rags, and a flint
and steeL 'and matches which had been
dipped- into' brimstone. When fire
was wanted the flint and steel and tin
dor were produced, and the tinder be
ing ignited by sparks precipitated from
the steel by means of the flint, a match
was touched to the burning mass. and.
being lighted, was applied to some pre-
Sared kindling, and a fire thus pro
uced, the whole process occupying
nom uve to mteen minutes, according
to the skill or luck of the operator.
This was attended with so much labor,
and productive of tho uso of so many
naughty words on the part of the per
son operating,-that fires were generally
kept all. night. This was dono there
were few stoves, and hard coal had not
come into very general use then by
overing the huge and blazing back-log
in the hre-place with ashes, and in the
morning there was generally found in
its place a bed of live coals, which, by
the application of fresh wood, and with
the aid' of the then universal bellows,
usually produced a blazing fire in from
fifteen minutes to half an hour, Some
times, however, from some cause, the
back-log would be wholly consumed,
leaving nothing but a bed of ashes. In
this case, particularly if there was an
absence of dry kindling in the house,
some member of the family must take
the shovel, and oftentimes through
snow knee-deep, trudge to the nearest
neighbor's, ' after lire."
And sometimes, indeed, the nearest
neighbor's fire would be out, too, in
which case the walk would have to be
extended till the fire was procured.
Tho live coals were borne home upon
the shovel, often carefully guarded with
the hand to prevent blowing off, placed
between two brands, tho bellows set
vigorously at work, and the fire thus
set. a-Diazmg. in iignung a canuie, a
live coal was taken up with a pair of
tongs and blown upon with tho mouth
until a blaze was produced. Pipes wero
lighted by placing a live coal on top of
the tobacco, and cigars by holding the
burning coal to the end and pulling
with aff one's might.
The first improvement on thi3 in New
England was the substitution of a bottle
of phosphorus, into which, the cork
being removed, a brimstone match was
thrust, aud being thus ignited the bottle
was quickly closed in order to retain the
strength of" the liquid. This was such
an emancipation from the thralldom of
the tinder-box and flint and steel, and
the other inconveniences of the old
method, that people rejoiced greatly,
and believed the no plus ultra in this
direction had been reached, and every
well-regulated family was provided
with its bottle of phosphorus, while the
flint and steel and tinder-box were laid
aside to be used only in cases of .emer
gency. This invention was known by
the name of "loco-foco matches."
Directly, however, there was another
invention, that left the phosphorus
bottle as much in the shade as the
other had the flint 3nd steel. This w:is
the application of a preparation of
phosphorous and brimstone to the tins
f of matches, which only required to be
drawn between the folded leaves of a
piece of sand-paper to produce a light,
so that the smoker had only to carry
his matches in one vest pocket and his
folded paper in the other to light his
pipe at any moment These latter were
known as "Lucifer matches," as par
taking, it is presumed, of the character
of the Scriptural "son of the morning."
But the spirit of invention was not satis
fied to stop here, and the result was,
the present world-used friction matches,
that serve all people, and the making of
which, at tho present time, in all prob-
auniiy consumes almost as mucn wooa
as there was burned by the whole Unit
ed States, for all the purposes of warm
ing and cooking, a century ago. Provi
Oae ef tbe Spectators.
The recent hangings In this city have
been attended by many odd circum
stances, none of which is stranger than
the death of a young man named John
L Kaiser, at St. Vincent's
what is known as acute delirium, .said to
have been superinduced by witnessing
the execution of Ellis and Eotovsky.
Kaiser was a young man of twenty-two,
whose parents lived in Toronto, but who
had been employed for some time as
clerk on one of the boats of the upper
Missouri River. When the boat went
into winter quarters the young man was
temporarily thrown out of work, but,
being well supplied with money, which
ho saved from his summer earnings, he
was preparing to visit his parents in Can
ada. On tho 6th of January, however.
imtuwij, gave mm a uckci, ami ne
went to see Kotovsky and Ellis hung.
When he came back to his boarding
house. No. 1,106 Pine street, he talked
of nothing but the execution, and while
many of his expressions were very silly
thwy were overlooked, or regarded, for
the timo being, as an attempt at wit In
the afternoon he took a long walk, go
ing out to Grand avenue, as ho ex
plained on his return, without recourse
to the street-cars. That night at the
supper-table ho becamo very gay and
saug several songs, when ho had not
been heard to sing before. At nine
o'clock he went to bed, but did not
sleep, and talked so strangely to his
room-mate that he was afraid to sleen.
Between twelve and one he began to bo
violent, and tied a towel around his
neck, to show that he could hang him
self without pain. This exhibitionwiiild
have amounted to suicide if his room
mate had not come to his rescue. Then
he wanted to break a burnino- lamn to
show how he could replace the broken
pieces, and make it continue to give
light The lamp being placed out of
rcaah, his attention was directed to oth
er things. He then thought his great
physical strength a matter worthy of a
long harangue, but in the midst of it tie
made so much noise that Mrs. and Mr.
Brady came up to see what the matter
was, and calling an ofheer had him taken
to the Four Courts.
The next dav he was sent to thn St
Vinccnt Insane Asylunu His violence in
creasing, he snatched a cap from the head
of a sister and tore it to atoms. After
this it was thought best to bind his
hands and feet For several days ho
was a raving maniac, but continued to
waste away until he had no strength to
resist and little desire to inflict injury
upon tho nurses. His death occurred
Friday morning at six o'clock, only a
few hours before the arrival of his fath
er, who had been notified that his son
had lost his mind, and who had come to
take him home. The body was shipped
from this city to Toronto yesterday.
Mrs. llrady said last night that,
whether or not the hanging had pro
duced the above effect, she did not
know; but she did know that the young
man had always shown the best of sense
until he had witnessed that sight, and
tho f:ict that it had made a deep im
pression upon his mind was evident
from such expressions as the following:
" It was a shame to hang those men; it
should not have been done. I'll tell you
what thoy ought to have done, they
ought to have turned them loose on a
year s probation, and set somebody to
watch them. He could have followed
them aronnd everywhere, and the first
time one did wrong they could have put
him a dungeon with no light in it, only a
little round hole to pass food through on
a black plate."
When he put the rope around his neck
the night of his arrest, ho said:
' It would not hurt me to banc me
tho way they hd those follows. "Now,
just look at me. I could stand it forev
er; but it was a shame to do such a cruel
thing." St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
PACTS AND FIGURES.
Met His Match.
New Arithmetic Problems.
In a school-room are twelve benches
and nine boys on a bench. Find who
stole the teacher's gad.
A laundress takes in twelve shirts and
has four stolen from her line. How
many are left and what are the losers
going to do about it?
A farmer sold eleven bushels of pota
toes and the product purchased two
gallons of whisky at ninety cents per
gallon. How much per bushel did be
get for his tubers, and where did he
keep the jug?
What velocity must a locomotive have
to pick up a deaf man walking on tho
track and fling him so high that six
cars pass before he comes down?
A boy earned twenty cents per day
for eighteen days, and bought his
mother a muskrat muff costing $2.10.
How much did. he have left to go to tho
A mother standing at the gate calls
to her boy who is exactly sixty-eight
feet distant It takes two minutes and
iwenty-two seconds for the sound to
reach him. Find from this the velocity
with which a woman's voice travels.
A woman earned forty-two cents per
day by washing, and supported a hus
band who consumed four dollars worth
of provisions per week. How much
was she in debt at the end of eaoh
month up to the time he was sent to the
A father agreed to give his son four
and one-half acres of land for every cord
of wood he chopped. The son chopped
three-sevenths of a cord and broke the
ax and went off hunting rabbits. How
much land was he entitled to?
A certain young man walks fivo
sevenths of a mile for seven nights in a
week to see his girl, and after putting
in 112 nights he gets the bounce. How
many miles did he hoof it altogether,
and how many weeks did it take him to
understand that he wasn't wanted?
Two men agree to build a wall to
gether. One does four-fifths of the
Dossing and the other three-tenths of
the work, and they finally conclude to
pay a man $18 to finish tlie job. Find
the length and height of the wall.
A woman arrives at the depot three
minutes ahead of train time. She has
to kiss seven persons, say "good-bye"
to thirteen others, send her love to
twenty-two relatives and see to four
parcels. She accomplishes it all and
has forty-one seconds to spare to tell a
dear friend how to mix seven different
ingredients into a mince pie. How long
did it take the train to reach Chicago?
Detroit Free Press.
Since the custom of shooting editors
na8 been started, this office w-ishes it
distinctly understand th-t it ...
latterfrom its results. EvanaviUedwL I mB shattered with a volley of advertise-
Jowrnak menu. Boston Star.
Theonly man who ever beat a nitro
glycerine explosion alter it was once
started is John Mcdeary, of Pennsyl
vania. He saw what was coming iiil
ran. His coat-tail was cut otl" and his
back was somewhat scratched. He
jumped, with some assistance from be
hind, about a hundred feet, and con
tinued running until he dropped from
fatigue. He kept ahead of tho flying
fragments just as Baron Munchausen
kept ahead of the rain, and there may
be a lie about it somewhere also. This
is something akin to the story which old
Colonel Reed, of Acton, Mass., relates,
and maintains that he was an eye-witness
of the circumstance. One of tho
powder-houses on the bank of the stream
below Concord Hew up. fas thev are in
the habit of doing on an average" of two
or three times a year.) and sent a man
flying through the air, throwing him
completely over a round-top hilL He
was accompanied in his terrible flight by
an instrument probably something
sharper than the ordinary hoe used in
the manipulation of saltpeter which,
just before he landed, cut him slick in
twain through the waist The legs
walked off for a distance of several yards,
and the trunk, pointing its index finder
toward the retreating saddle, exclaimed:
" See thcreP' A bystander, who didn't
seem to take much stock, so to speak, in
the Colonel's story, related what occur
red in his saw milL Two dogs were
fighting. When the encounter beeami
fiercest they got directly in front of tha
saw, on the carriage, which was slowly
but surely moving up to the killing
point They seemed to be in a death
struggle, when one of them was cut com
pletely in two. Now, it is a well-known
proposition that every dog has four legs,
but no dog has his fore legs behind; and,
however that may be, the two hind legs
of this particular dog ran away while the
two fore legs remained and whipped the
other dog. Colonel Reed simply said:
" If I told such a lie as that I'd have no
hopes of Heaven!" Shoe and Leather
A Bog Steps a Runaway Herse.
A hosse attached to a cart, becoming
unmanageable on upper Church street
Wednesday, started off on a run, leaving
the owner sitting in the road where he
had fallen when the animal started. The
horse was heading down the street
named and putting on more steam with
every bound that he made, until the cor
ner of George street was reached. Here
a large .Newfoundiaud dog appeared in
the road and rushed toward the horse's
head. The dog made reoeated efforts to
grasp the bridle in his mouth, each time
falling heavily to the road and narrowly
escaping injury from the horse's feet
But he at last made an e.vtraordinary
spring in the air, and grasping the bridle
firmly in his teeth, pulled the horse's
head down and pat a stop to the runa
way. We could aot learn the name of
the owner of the horse. The dog havine
done a remarkable service disappeared
in the direction of George street. Eye
witnesses state that it was one of tha
most intelligent acts of a dumb beast
wmen iney had ever seen. New B
vtcr, n. j.j jrrei
Michigan produces more salt than
The sales from a Chicago dry goodj
hoiisv? hist year aggregated 5t-J7.580.00O.
The net profits of the Bank of En
glaud are $133,000, a week, or about
922.500 a day.
In Florida, there are 19,763 white
people over ten years of age who cannot
write their own name. Detroit Free
Now England manufactures $1,600.
000 worth of table cutlery every year
and 'yet it isn't fashionablo to eat pie
with a knife.
The loss to England by the last three
years of bad harvests is estimated at
from a hundred to a hunilred and fifty
million dollars a year.
There aro on thousand artesian
wells in Califoraia, three hundred of
which are in the Sata Clara Valley.
They average from 150 to 230 feet deep.
New England requires about 20,
000,000 bushels of wheat and produces
only 1,2.)0.000. New York uses about
30,000.000 and grows about 12,000,000.
Hero are iomo of tho dividends de
clared by English cotton mills in 1831:
Moorlield. 17 Percent; Albert, 12 per
cent; Twist, 16 per cent; Oak, 15 per
cent; Parkside, 13 per cent; Stanley
Mills, 13 per cent; Sun Mill Spinning
Company, 12 por cent.; Roy ton Spin
ning Company, 20 per cent
In tlie ninety-nine oountios of Iowa
there were in 1880, according to the
census, 2,501 working oxen; 853,528
milch cows; 1,754,420 other cattle;
6.044,906 swine; 791.354 horses, aud
44,899 mules and asses. There wero
in the State 1.624,615 people. The
greatest number of milch cows in any
one county was 22,232 in Lee; the
greatest number of oxen, 806 in Du
buque; of other cattlo, 42,391 in Lee; of
swine, 138,185 in Cedar; of horses. 15,
949 in Clinton; of mules and asses, 1,917
in Fremont counties.
The number of varieties of insects
is vastly greater than that of all other
living creatures. The oak supports 450
species of insects and 200 are 'found In
the pine. Humboldt, in 1849, calculat
ed that between 150,000 and 170,000
specimens were preserved in collections,
but recent estimates place the present
number at about 750.000 species.
Nothing and nolxwly escapes taxa
tion in Turkey. Tho Government takes
one-tenth of all crops, besides which
there is a tut of three-fifths of one per
cent on the value of the land. On
every sheep and goat there is an annual
tax of twelve cents, and when a horo.
cow or other domestic animal is sold
two-and-a-half per eent of the prico
goes to the Government. Then thero Is
a house tax amounting to two-fifths of
one percent on the value of houses
worth under $800, and four-fifths of ono
per cent on houses valued above that
From tho official balnnce-shcet of
tho Paris exhibition of 1878, it appears
that the total expenditures were, in
round numbers, $11,155,000. and tho
total receipts $4,870,000. leaving a de
ficit of $6,285,000, which is more than
three times the original deficit estimate,
the estimate having been $2,000,000.
In almost every item the expenditures
exceeded the estimates, and so also of
the receipts. Admissions returned $2,
675,000, or $125,0001ess thnn was antici
pated. Money paid as wages amount
ed to $800,000, as against an estimate of
only $340,000. Water for the cascades
and aquariums cost $560,000. the med
als aud diplomas $400,000, ami the
awards ceremony $40,800.
WIT AND WISDOM.
A turn in the tied tho first quarrel
Out West tho agents take care of
the Indians, and the Indians recipiocal
ly take hair of the agents.
" If I thought I was going to be
come gray. I know I should diet" ex
claimed Miss Springlo. When she
turned gray, she did iyo, sure enough.
Wealth does not bring happiness.
It only provides tho means by which
.people can make themselves happy if
they have a capacity for enjoyment
"Ike has an irritating skin dis
easo," Mrs. Partington says; "Charlotte
mtwe broke out all over him, and if he
hadn't wore the Injun beads as an ome
let it would doubtless have culminated
There are ten shades of gloves
which are fashionable for evening wear,
and there is no earthly excuse for a gen
tleman blundering in upon a wedding
with a pair of buckskin mittens on his
paws. Dttrvit Free Press.
" What Is your namoP" asked the
Justice. "Smith," replied tho bibulous
prisoner. "John," inquired the magis
trate. "Jo," responded the prisoner.
"That's demijohn," said Ms honor.
"Well, you look like it; take ten days."
The worst cut up man of the hour,
according to a Cleveland paper. Is that
Western reporter who, in describing the
appearing of the belle of the town at a
local picnic, intended to say that she
looked aufait. but, of course, the types
had to get it "'all feet"
" Father, did you ecr have another
wife besides mother 7" "No, my boy.
What possessed you to ask such a ques
tion?" "Because I saw in the old fam
ily Bible where you married Anno
Domini, in 1835; and that isn't mother,
for her name was Sally Smith."
"Ma, am I all made now?" asked a
little miss of thrco-and-onc-half years at
the breakfast table yesterday morning.
"Why. dear?" said the fond mother.
"Because I have had my ears pioreed,
and was vaccinated yesterday." said
little Tot Hartford Sunday Journal.
"So you enjoved your visit to the
Museum, did you'" inquired a young
man of his adored one's little sister.
"Oh yes! And do you know, that we
saw a camel there that screwed its
mouth and eyes around awfully; and
sister said it looked exactly like you
when yon are reciting poetry at evening
They had been engaged to bo mar
ried fifteen years and still he had not
mustered up resolution enough to ask
her to name tho happy day. One overl
ing ho called in a particularly spoony
frame of mind, and asked her to sing
him something tender and touchinir.
something that would "move" him. She
sat down at the piano and sang: 'Dar
ling, I Am Growing Old."
He was praising her beautiful hair,
and begging for one tiny curl, when her
little brother said; "Oh, my! 'taln't
nothin' now; you just ought to hava
seen how long it hangs down when she
hangs it on the side of the table to comb
It" Then they laughed, and she called
her brother a cute little angel; and when
the young man was going away, and
heard that boy yelling, he thought the
14 wm takem suddenly and dangerously
r .- -
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