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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Sept. 22, 1880)
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Buine and profe?innal cards tea
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notice" five cents a line each Inser
tion. Advertisment claifled as "Spe
cial notice" rive cents a line first inser
tion, three cents a line each subsequent
IS IbSUKD KVKKY WniNESIAY,
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publishers.
ESTOflioo. on 11th street., upstairs In
Tkkms l'er vear. ?2 Sixinontbti,fl.
Three months,. Mk.. Single copien..rc.
VOL. XL-NO. 21.
COLUMBUS, NEB., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1880.
WHOLE NO. 541.
A. A. I'AimocK, L. s. Senator, Beatrice.
AI.vin Saunders, V. S. Senator, Omaha.
T. J. Muous, Keju lVru.
E. K. Valentink, Kep., Wet l'oiut.
Aliunos SaXCK, Governor, Lincoln.
.1. levaiidcr. Secretary of Mute.
F W Liedtfce, Auditor, Lincoln.
(;" i lUrth-tt. I're.tMirer, Lincoln,
r'.i '"llilwurth, Attorue-(ieiieral.
S It Tuompxoii, Supl. I'ublie lmrtic.
11. I'". Haw-on, Warden of Penitentiary.
V. Alil.ey, I .,j,ou inspector..
l)r..l.(L Davii-. Prison Physician.
II. P. Mathewson, Supl. Insane Aeylum.
S. Maxwrll, hief .Justice,
ittrpe B. Lake.l moeiate Judires.
Auiatt fobb. i
H.lKlll .IUIHCIAL MHTKICT.
O. Pt,.lulire. Yoik.
.M. B. Keese, lMitrifl Attorney, V ahoo.
M. B. Ilovi,;, Register, Grand Island.
Win. Anyan. Receiver, Grand Island.
J. (1. Hn-uiii.. County Jufle.
Jtthti StuiuU'r. Couutv Clerk.
J. V. Ktrl, Treasuier.
Ittiiij. Splclman, Sheritl.
It. L. Rsiter, Surveyor.
.Jehu WNc. CountyCouimissloner.
-M. Maher, J
Hr. A. Helntz, Coroner.
S. L. IWrrett. Supl. or Schools.
O. B. Kailt-v, justireHorthePeace.
Itvrou Millett. f
Charles Wake, Constable.
CITY 1)1 It ECTOR Y:
.1. P. Becker, Mar or.
II.. I. Hiidtnn. Clerk.
C. A. NVwiiiiin. Treasurer,
ti.-o. (1. Bowman. Police Judge.
.1.(5. RoutMiii, Engineer.
lf Ward lohn Bickly.
i. A. Schi order.
id Ward Win. Lamb.
Sd ll'ffrrf . W. (Mother.
ColuiutiuN Pottt OMre.
Open on Sunday trm 11 A.M. to 12 . V.
and trom l::" to ; i. m. HiiMiie-.
hours except Mindny A M. to 3 v. M.
Ktiileru mail- c1om at 11 A. M.
Western mail- eloce at 4:13 i-.M.
Mail leave-ColutnliUh for Madi-on and
Norfolk. Tuesday, Thur-days and
Saturdiv-, 7 a. m. Arrives at i i.
For Monroe, ieiio Watrrville and Al
bion, daily except Sunday C A. M. Ar
rive, -ame.li r. M.
Fr lWiille, Farral. Oak-dale and
New mull's (J rove, Monday-, Wedne--dciv-
and Fridav-, a.m. Arrives
Tu'e-days, Thursday!" and Saturdays,
at i f. M.
For Shell Creek, Cre-ton and Stanton,
on Moudaxi. and Friday- at a.m.
Arrives Tuesday- and Saturdays, at
t; 1'. M.
For Alexis. Patron and David City,
Tue-dav-, Thiir-div- and Saturdays,
1 v. M "Arrlw- .it 12 M.
For St. A nthonv. Prairie Hill and St.
Bernard. Fridays, ! a. M. Arrives
j-wt unlit vs. " p.m.
V. I. Time TaMe.
Eiicr.int,No.G, leave- at .. (i:2!Va. m.
Pa-M-ug'r, " L " ". -. U:Ga.w.
Freight, " H, " " - 2:lftp.m.
Freight, " 10, " "... 4:30 a.m.
Freight, No..., leaves at. .. 2:00p.m.
PassoiiK'r, " 3. " " 4:27 p.m.
Freight, " i, " " - :00p.m.
Hniisrant. " 7. " " - ltoOa.in.
Eer dav except Saturday the three
line leadiutr to Chicago connect with
IT P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will he hilt one train a day, a
hwii hv the following schedule:
A. AN. TIME TABLE.
Platte, . . .
David City, .
' PleK-aiit Dale,
Arrive- at Lincoln.
Leaves Lincoln at l
In Columhus 4:45 P.M.
. 8:30 a. M.
. 9:00 rt
.. S.25 "
. 10:02 '
. .. 10:19 "
. .. 10:37 "
.. 10:.8 "
1 1 "22 "
"."".' 11:10 "
.. . 12:0") m.
i. m. and arries
O.. N. A B. H. UOAD.
Hound north. f Hound south.
.lack-on 4 :o3 r.M. Norfolk ti:30 a. M.
l.st('reek ":!) " Munsoii C:57 "
PL Centre "t:..7 " Madison .7:45 "
Huiuphrextirftl " iHumphrey8:34 "
Madisen "7:40 " 'PL Centre J:23 '
Muu-on -2S " ;Lo-tCreek9:ftft "
Norfolk J:.V l.lackson 10:S0 "
The departure from Jackson will he
eovertied liy the arrival there of the
V. V. express train.
-STCard- under this heading will be
inserted for $:t a year.
G. A. 1L Baker Po-t No. !, Department
or Nebra-ka, meets every second and
fourth Tuesdav evenings in each
month in Knighte of Honor Hall, Co-lumbu-.
John Hammond, P. C
H. D. WaDsWuktii, AdjM.
H. P. Bowek, Sear. Maj.
And General Collection Agent,
St. Edwards, lloone Co, Neb.
IF YOU have any real estate for sale,
if vou wish to'buy either in or out
of the'eitv, if you wish to trade city
property for lain!-, or lands for city
property, cie us a call.
"VVaDSWORTH & JOSSF.LTN.
VSjLSQN MILLVTT. BYKON MI.I.KTT,
Justice of the Peace and
f. -fIII."LETT 4t SO?f,
ATTORNEYS AT .LAW,. Columbus,
Nebraska. N. B. They will. give
close attention to alfbusiness entrusted
to them. 24S.
T OUIS SCHItEIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGQN MAKES.
All kinds of repairing done on -short
notice. Buggies, Wagons, etc-made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
j3TShp opposite the "Tatter 6 all,"
Olive Street. .23
SCHOOL, BLANK AND OTHER
Paper, Pens, Pencils, Inks,
Musical Instruments and Mnsic,
TOYS, NOTIONS, BASE BALLS AND BATS,
AKCIIKHY AND CROQUET, &c, at
LUBKER & CRAMER'S,
Corner 13th and Olive Sts.,
Up.suira in Oluck HuildiiiK, 11th street,
Above the New bauk.
.JUSTICE OF THE PEACE AND
TT J. HlIlMO!,
12th Streft, t doorN nfht of llamnionil llounf,
Columbus, Neb. 4M-y
TAK. M. IK XIHrKM'I'03l,
Olliceover corner of 11th and North-st.
All operations tirst-clas and warranted.
IIIirACiO 1IAICIIEK NIIOI!
HENItY WOODS, Prop'r.
tgTEvervthliiB in firt-class style,
A l-o keep the best of cigars. 510-y
ArcAMJNTBII 1IKON., f
A TTOBXEYS A T LA W,
Otlice up-stair- in McAllister's build
ing, lltb SI.
Y7 KWI"' A: TAFI'K,
DRESS AND MANTUA MAKERS.
tSJ Work done in the latoM, and neat
est -tvles. Shop on 12th St., ea-t of
O .1. NCII8J4S, 31. !.,
PHYSICIAN AND SUR(tE0N,
Ojniv Corner of Nortli jiiiiI Eleventh
Sts., up--tairn in (!lui-k'-i brick building.
Con-ultation in German ami English.
Dealer in REAL ESTATK,
AUD IHSUBA3:S A3SNT,
GENOA. NANCE CO., ... NKB.
O LATTERY & PEARSALL
ARE PREPARED, WITH
FIBST- CLA SS A PPA PA T US,
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give them u call.
NOW IS THE TIME to secure a life
like picture of yourself aud chil
dren at the New Art Rooms, east 11th
street, south side railroad track. Colum
bus, Nebraska, as Mrs. .losselyn will
close the establi-hmcnt this Fall. Those
having work to do should call soon.
GEORGE N. DERRY,
House &. Sicu Painting,
JSfAlI work warranted. Shop on
Olive street, one door south of Elliott's
new Puuip-boune. aprPiv
JS. MURDOCK & SON,
" Carpenters and Contractors.
Have had an extended experience, and
will giikrantee satisfaction in work.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is, Good work and
fair prices. Call and give u an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. jSTShop at
the Big Windmill, Columbus, Nebr.
LAW, REAL ESTATE
MONEY TO LOAN in small lots on
farm property, time ope to three
vears. Farms with some improvements
bought undsold. Office for the present
at the Clotner Houe, Columbus, Neb.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIQARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Storeon Olive St., near the old Post-office
CQlBmbua Nebraska. 447-ly
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
fSTKentucky IVhiskies a Specialty.
OTSTERS in their season, by the case
can or dish.
lltk Street, South Depot
J3TWholesale nud Retail Dealer in For
eign Wines, Liquors aidtMsars. Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
W II ITN E Y & B R E W ST E R
Light Pleasure and Business Wag
ons of all Descriptions.
We are pleased to invite the attention
nf the Tinlilii- to tho f:ii't th:it we h:ive
just received a car load of Wagons aud
lu'ic!i ii ail iiusuripiiniis, aim mai c
are the sole agents for the counties ol
Platte, Uutler.ltoone, Madison, .Merrick,
Polk and York, for the celebrated
CORTLAND WAGON COMP'Y,
of Cortland, New York, and that we are
ottering these wagons cheaper than anj
other wagon built of same material,
-tyle and tiuish can be sold for in this
JSfSeiul for Catalogue and Price-list.
phi i,. rAi.,
484-tf Columbus, Neb.
Ulin i SMICAL INSTITUTE.
T. I. MITCHELL, U. S.
D. S. UiSTHT, I!. I)
Z. S. USCS, it. ., 4 J. S. DE1T13E, U. D., :fCJbi,
Conrultin Fhysicians and Surgeons,
For the treatment of all classes of Sur
gery and deformities; acute and
chronic disea-es, diseases of the eye
and ear, etc., etc.,
ON ELEVENTH STREET,
Opposite Speice &, North's land-ofllec.
Has on hand a tine selected
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
STALL .GOODS SOLD, ENGRAVED
FREE OF CHARGE.JEI
Call aud see. No trouble to show
Manufacturer and Dealer In
BOOTS AND SHOES!
A romplrtr aortmmt of Lilte' and t'hll
drrn'iiShopri krpt on hand.
All Work Warranted!!
Our Jlotto Good stock, excellent
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Repairing
Cor. Ollvr nad 13th Htm.
HAZEN WIND MILL!
HARRIGAN & CRAINE
Havk the agency for this celebrated
wind mill, 'and will 3lsp sell
pumps, and make repairs on pumps and
mills. The Haven is better governed
than any other, more durable, will run
longer, go in as little wind and in great
er than any other, and give the best of
satisfaction. See the one at the Grand
Pacific, and call on us opposite the
FARM FOR SALE
156 acre- of good land, JW
acres under cultivation, a
f-nnil hnnsi nnp find a half
story nigh, a good stock range, plenty ot
water, anu goou nay lanu. i wo nines
east of Columbus. Inquire at the
Pioneer Bakery. 473.6m
ocKs ana Jewelry
TKI'i: TO TI1KJ1SEI.VFS.
My father had died some two years
botore my mother, who seemed from
that time to waste away. My Uncle
Stanhope came to me at once, and,
after the funeral, took mo to his
home. He was very kind to me, and
so were Lizzip, May, and Harry, my
cousins; but they had, of course,
their own interests and duties to
largely absorb their attention. It
was but a short time after that Mrs.
Hall, a feeble old lady, without a
child, urged me to come and live
with her for comfort and conso
lation. My welcome wa. a loving, cordial
one, but I found a new member in
the quiet family, aud she was intro
duced to me as Martha Hall, the old
lady's niece. She was a blonde, tall
and fair, but dressed in an occetitric
way. The next morning she asked
me if T liked 'this slow, stupid place,'
and added : Oh, I forgot, you are
in mourning, so you cau bear it. I
suppose I ought to be, too, but I
won't wear black. What's the use?
I never saw papa for eleven years.
Went off, you knaw, to liussia, and
left me at boarding-school, and there
died, aud bequeathed me to aunt and
Gerald. I've plenty of money some,
where, they say, and next year, being
of ago, I mean to use it aud be gay.
Till then I've got to vegetate hern.
Oh, mercy, I did hope when I heard
there was a yotiug lady coming,
there would be some life, but you
look as slow as the rest.'
'I have just lost my mother,' I said.
'Dear me ! have you ? That is bad.
Mine died when 1 was ushered into
this world, so I can't he expected to
feel much about it. I'm to stay here
till I am of age, and then marry Sir
Prim.' Of a sudden she turned her
eyes on me and commented : 'Where
on earth did you get your complex
ion, with black hair and eyes? What
a little thing you are? I could carry
you in my arms like a baby.'
I looked at her in perfect wonder.
In my own little town I had never
met with a specimen of the fast
young lady, and this beautiful, vehe
ment creature puzzled me amaiugl .
AH her hair was worn in a little
crop of short curls, wonderfully be
coming; her fair complexion was
tinged with glowing color, and her
tall figure was perfect In all its pro
portions; the little hands nursing
the pretty foot were small, and yet
full of nervous activity.
'You'll read to aunty now, won't
you?' she said, 'and I can practice
more. The only comfort I have is
in making that piano ring.'
'I will read to her,' I said.
'Well, go, then it's Iter hour. But
kiss me; I am not half such a heath
en as I look, and you must not
How can I describe the life that
opened for me? All the morning I
spent with Mrs. Hall, reading, and
having, by her taste and desire, open
to me the real treasures of literature,
a complete course of the best authors.
The afternoons were devoted to
walking, reading, or driving. Mar
tha rode splendidly, and as I attend
ed a riding-school, alter a time 1
became able to join her aud fieri Id
in occasional rides. Martha soon
formed a circle of friends and plung
ed into the vortex of society. A
relatiou of her mother Mrs. Mars
iicld one of the votaries of fashion,
undertook to chapcroue the brilliant
beauty, aud Gerald was often releas
ed from attendance upon her, and
joined his mother aud myself in our
quiet sitting-room. I learned to
accompany him as he played the
violin and to blend my voice with
I would like to pause here and
leave the rest untold. But I became
uutrue to my first love, and, as a
double traitor to past and present,
loved Gerald Hall. Charles faded
away, and a face, his and not his
took his place.
More than a year had gone by, and
December chill was in the air, when
Martha came to my room one morn-
iug, with uu wonted clouds on her
'Here's a confusion,' she said, tak
ing me as usual into her confidence.
'Auntie reminds me this morning
that next week I shall be of age, and
you know all about Gerald and me.
I think, myself, he's in love with
you I Gracious! don't jump that
way, Agnes. Of course, I don't sup
pose you care for him. But he is
fond of you. If it were not for
auntie, now ; she's sot her heart on
the match. Well, there'll be one
suicide, for Guy Howard will hang
'Guy Howard ?'
'You don't know him ; Mrs.Marsh
field's nephew ; a ninn after my own
heart, with soiqe spirit. Well, never
mind him I We'll have to submit.
It is a mercy you don't care for Ger
ald, for it's all arranged now. You'll
come to the wedding, I suppose, and
please wear white, for I am super
stitious about colors at a wedding.'
And she went off, leaving me in a
strange turmoil of paiu and irreso
lution. I could not stay! I loved him!
Xot with the girlish love I had
given Charles, but with a woman's
whole heart I loved. I could not
stay to see him married, and mar
ried, too, to a woman who loved
I would go somewhere and hide
myself away. Then I thought of
my uncle, hi two days there would
be a New Year's party at hia house.
I had met Charles there ; I had first
seen Gerald on that anniversary. I
would go aud live one night in the
memory of happier days, aud then
well, let the future decide.
I told Mrs. Hall of my proposed
visit, and said I would return when
Gerald's wedding and the couple's
departure on a wedding tour would
leave us alone together.
Looking into my face with a lov
ing, pleading gaze, she said :
'Yes; I will be alone. It was her
father's will, you know ; and I wo'd
like to see Gerald happy.'
I bade her farewelP. I felt that I
could not meet Gerald agaiu.
I met with a cordial reception at
my uncle's house. Lizzie was home,
with her handsome husband by her
side ; May was engaged and happy,
and Harry was lively.
The dancers were all in motion ;
everybody gay and full of life, when
I stole out into the library for a
moment's repose. It seemed as if
my heart would break. Standing
by the window, pressing my hot
forehead on the cold glass, I tried to
quiet my anguish. While I stood
there a step crossed the room. I did
not stir till I was drawn into a close
embrace, and tho voice'I loved best
'Agnes, my darling, my love.'
'Let me go !' I cried.
He loosed his hold at once.
'Oh, Agnes, do yon not love me?'
'Where is Martha? How can you
be here?' I replied.
'Martha! Why, Agues, do you
think I care for her?'
'Rut your mother?' I said.
'My mother would not see me an
unloving and unloyed bridegroom.
All has been explained. Martha is
engaged to Guy' Howard. I have
come to seek my wifo here.'
I was in a flood of happiness. I
nestled into his arms, aud we told
each other our love.
This was not all. Uncle Stanhope
came in. Lizzie was called, a long
pause followed, and in a sort of
blissful dream 1 found myself under
Lizzie's long lace wedding veil,
standing by Gerald, the old clergy
man of Milford facing us, all my
friends and neighbors surrounding
us; and Uncle Stanhope's party
was transformed into my wedding
There is one point iu the Dem
ocratic campaign this year which
seems to be but little noticed. It is
the silence that that party keeps on
the question of southern claims and
claimants. The Democratic speak
ers are making no promises on that,
to them, very interesting aud im
portant subject. Their newspapers
being in most respects without
responsibility, tell us that, uuder the
Constitution that beloved instru
ment of Democratic ideas no war
debt of insurrectionary states cau be
paid. How beautiful this is -how
frank, how honest, how submissive!
These same papers neglect to inform
us that in lieu of leaving their war
debts paid, they intend to present,
and in fact have presented, individual
claims for losses by the war to the
amount of hundreds of millions
of dollars. With what blandness
and child-like simplicity these bour
bon journals treat this subject. But
it will not do. The people of this
country aro not fools, neither are
they idiots. Let the bourbon orators
tell us from the stump the position
they take on this question. The
leading members of the party in
congress may put themsolves on
record during the campaign, and in
this way only can they satisfy the
people. But this record they dare
not make, and their silence means
that they are in favor of paying
them. Nothing but plainest prom
ises on their part wil! induce the
people to think they oppose their
payment. Tell us how you stand,
gentlemen, aud do it early and often.
The people are now suspecting you
from your silence. They await
your reply JV. N. Pioneer.
Behind Garfield stand the men
who fought for national uuity and
have consistently labored for nat
ional prosperity and power, and de
fended the national honor. Behind
Hancock staud the men who
fought to destroy the Union, who
saddled a debt of $2,756,431,517.43
upon the country and who sought
national dishonor and disgrace.
Honest, patriotic citizens cannot
hesitate in deciding which to sup
The Two Panic.
Back of the two candidates for
president staud the two parties who
put them forward as their represen
tatives or their masks. Vastly more
important than the personal records
and qualifications of the candidates
are the records and character of the
parties who seek success aud power
through thorn. He is an exceptional
president who escapes from the tra
ditions and influences of his political
surroundings, and makes his admin
istration an expression of his own
personality. If either of the present
candidates does this, it will be
he who is most superior to his party
who was least in sympathy with his
political following. Gen. Hancock,
as president, will uot bo permitted
to be better than his party. Gen.
Garfield will not try to be. He will
merely try to represent and rule iu
accordance with the best common
sense, morality and sagacity that is
in it. It behooves the voter to ask
what are the parties which stand be
hind these candidates aud what
light does their character and his
tory cast upon probable policy of
future governments controlled by
them? And this light must be
sought in the history of the parties
rather than in the carefully prepared
declarations of principles, framed to
catch votes on the eve of election.
It is not difficult to find it there.
The republican party has not had
a long career, but it is full of events
that make history. It came into being
to fulfill a great mission and right a
great wrong. It fulfilled that mis
sion in forum and field. It grappled
the great wrong that was eating
out the nation's heart like an ulcer,
iu the halls of legislation aud justice,
and whenever a skirmish line of a
popular election was drawn. When
political antagonism became civil
war tho republican party rose to the
height of the situation, took the
reins of tho government dropped by
its cowardly or traitorous opponents,
aud held them bravely aud firmly
through all the terrific crisis that
followed. At home and abroad ; in
the field, in tho capital, in the legis
lative halls, iu the courts, in foreign
courts, and in the world's monpy
market, the republican party main
tained the integrity of the union, the
freedom of all the people and the
honor and credit of tho nation.
This record is closed ; this mission
fulfilled; but who shall say its glory
and honor have departed from the
party who achieved it? With the
cIobo of the war the republican party
opened a new record of civil
achievement as great in its way as
the struggle for national existence.
It reconstructed tho temple of the
national life, which it hud defended
from assault until it was disordered
and shattered. It restored the un
ion of the states, which had been
broken, and restored each common
wealth to ils old place, purged of
the ancient wropg and with a new
meaning given to the commonplace
of popular freedom aud equity. It
restored the wreck which war had
made of the material interests of the
country. It continued the sacrifices
which had enabled it to carry on
the war, boldly projected the tax
ation of war time far into the season
of peace to restore the national fi
nances and maintain the national
credit. It has reduced the national
debt one quarter since the war
closed, and the annual burden of in
terest charge one-half. It has jeal
ously guarded the national credit,
resisted all temptation to reckless
financiering, rigidly reduced the pa
per issue of the war and cestored the
treasury notes to par with gold
within fourteen years after the war
closed. It has labored to place the
public service and the civil adminis
tration upon a higher plane, and, as
its latest achievement, has taken the
first step in the history of the gov
ernment to destroy the entrenched
system of a political civil service and
make tenure of office depend upou
honesty aud capacity.
While the republican party has
been doing this, the democratic
party has simply resisteuit at every
step. Beginning its history as the
representative of certain principles,
the deniocraoy euded by suffering
the oontagious dry rot of slavery ;
and becoming a party of more re
action and resistance. It has had
no principles since 1865, and that
half of it too cowardly to fight for
its principles has had none since
1860. It resisted the prosecution of
the war fox the Union. It resisted
the execution of the reconstruction
policy afterwards. It resisted the
payment of the public debt and the
restoration of specie payments, and
gave its coutenance to every wild
and foolish financial experiment
which has been suggested to impair
the national credit under the pre
tense of popular reliof. It has resis
ted every beneficent measure of
public policy which the republican
party has presented for twenty
AM HA - t ltd A FTAM1 W f- IkHitiLtn s
jcaiij nuuuui uuciiuj; aiijriuiug I
for itself. -St. Paul Pioneer-Press. 1
A Touching Extract from a Speech
Made by Him Last Week In
Fountain City, years ago known as
Newport, was "the headquarters of
the underground railroad," and Mr.
Douglass, forty and more years ago
received such kindness trom the meu
of Newport as to make their mem
ory ever dear to him. Spcakiug of
their kindness to him aud the other
fleeing slaves, he was deeply moved.
He was Introduced by Mr. I'ayuq in
some appropriate remarks. We
quote from the Richmond Palladium
a tew points of Ids eloquent aud
touching speech :
"I have appeared before the Amer
ican ptrblic during the last forty
years in di tie re at attitudes and con
ditions, aud I have been more or less
affected by the conditions by which
I was surrounded. I have appeared
before you a a slave, as a fugitive
from bondage, aud thauks to the in
defatigable labors of you abolition
ists and the magnanimity of the
republican party, I stand here to-day
no longer a slave, but a citizen. A
citizen of a nation whose peer is
hard to find. A citizenship that
means something. No nation on the
earth can claim such a future as our
own. All nations of the earth are
tributary to up. Their wealth, their
works of manufacture, of art aud
science, pour iu upou u and will
pour iu upon us for generations,
provided we are true to the princi
ples that underlie our present pros
perity. Mr. Payne has named the
names of men who helped to lay the
foundation of that prosperity. I
knew them, and knew them well. I
knew Levi Collin, I knew Benjamin
Stanton, I knew Arnold Buflum,and
I knew Joel Parker. To these men,
and to those who labored with them
in the cause of freedom and right,
do we owe our elevation from sla
very to manhood. This man, Mr.
Jenkins, who sits here besido me,
knows what that slavery was. He
saw me at Richmond with that hate
ful rope around my neck, with my
hands pinioned to my back, my feet
sore and bleeding and a sheriffs
officer riding before me dragging me
to a prison. He saw tne slave-trader
feeling my muscles and examining
my teeth as I lay in the jail. He saw
me on the block; he saw me knock
ed oil" to the highest bidder. And
all because I tried to break my
shackles and be a man. Could I
have foreseen this day forty and six
years ago, the gravel would not have
been so sharp and the road would
not have been so long. If I could
have believed then that in the pro
cession that marched over from the
depot this morning, I should sit iu
the best carriage and ride at the
head of tho procossiou and have seen
the thousands ot upturned and sym
pathetic faces that are before me, I
could have taken hope even in the
darkness aud despair of the slave
pen. I do not know what to say to
you ; I have spoken in Boston, in
New York, in England, before im
mense audiences in nearly all kinds
of places, but never before have I
felt such great embarrassment as I
do to-day, for the faces beforo me
bring back a flood of memories and
remind me painfully of the past.
Some of you old men are curious to
know how old lam now everybody
who sees my gray hairs is curious to
know that and I must confess that
I am growing curious on the subject
too. But I don't know. Abolition
ists hav clear consciences aud live
long." He mentioned the leaders of
the old party and gave their ages,
showing they were remarkable for
their longevity. "There is some
thing in this love of liberty that
keeps men alive. They used to tell
me I ought to be happy in slavery.
I had a good master and a good
home, and why should I not be hap
py there? I hadn't liberty. I asked
my old master just before he died
whether he blamed me, and ho said
he would have done as I did. I told
him I had run away because I loved
liberty. I am here to-day in the
intoreat of liberty."
Rebel FIucn Iu Arkasax.
A citizen of Council Bluffs, tem
porarily stopping at Hot Springs,
Arkansas, scuds us a copy of the
Democratic Daily Tehyruph of that
place of August 23d containing an
account of a "Great democratic bar
becue of Garland county" held there
on the same day. The account, a
bouta column in leugth, is headed
by the rebel flag, under which are
these Hues: "The democrats hang
their banner an the outer walL-Great
enthusiasm for Haucock and the
whole democratic ticket. Smith,
Jones, Fishback, "Brown Murphy
and other prominent men talk.
Every one feeling good and happy."
The geutlernan who gent us the
paper says in an accompanying
"The picture represents the kind
of a flag most of the democrats use
in this state. It is a regular rebel
flag the stars and bar?. I saw two
of these tl-igs flying from wagoua
carrying passengers to the barbecue.
Several prominent democrats who
were spoken to in regard to the flag,
aid it was their flag, and wanted to
know what we were going to do
The simple presence of a rebel flag
at such a gathering should have
been significant. That significance
i magnified many times in theprcei
cut instance by the fact that the flag
was ostentatiously displayed by the
participants iu the atlair, who uu
blushiugly and Insolently boasted of
it as "their flag," and was publicly
unfurled aud endorsed by the local
democratic organ as the banner of
the democratic party. These were
meaus chosen in Arkansas to re
mind the followers of Lee aud Jack
son that, as Wade Hampton put it,
"the principles they died for are a
gaiu on trial to-day," and that by the
election of Hancock the south will
regain what it lost during the war.
Under the stimulus of such inspira
tion it is very likely true as the local
organ of that party says, that there
was "great enthusiasm for Haucock
and everybody felt good aud happv."
But it is more than doubtful if such a
frank disclosure of the spirits, hopes,
and purposes of the solid south will
gain the democratic party any votes
iu the north. Counril BlujF.1 Non
pareil. The latest reports from the rail
roads announce unprecedented earn
ings and enormous profits. The
New York Central road has increas
ed its earnings over last year in the
sum of .fl,70l,000. The Chicago &
Northwestern reports receipts for
August, 433,000 greater than tor
August 1870. The Chicago & Alton
has'iucreascd its profits of last year
1,531,000, and the Wabash 2,432,
000. Now why do npt the railroads
follow the business system of ordi
nary trade and manufacture am! let
their tariffs be regulated by their
profits. If the people agitate the
subject of legislation against rail
road extortion they are met with an
answer that railroading is like any
other business, and the people have
no more right to interfere with its
operation than they have to say how
much sugar, salt or tea shall be sold
for. The prices of these articles, we
are told, depend upon the condition
oYthe market, aud the profits of the
manufacturers and railroading id
subject to the same laws.
Such argument is specious aud
false. The railroad corporations
admit of no element except compe
tition and the pleasure of (he man
agement to modify rates and tariffs.
The fact that a road is prosperous
aud earning heavy profits on ficti
tious stock is to them no ground for
a reduction iu extortionate freight
and passenger charges. Should the
profits appear too large the stock of
the road is immediately increased
and the dividends lowered, while the
enormous' sums extorted from the
people continue to roll into the
cofferH of the railway treasury.
There is only one remedy for thn
crying evils committed by the rail
way robbers, and that remedy lies
in rigid legislative supervision of
the operations of public carriers and
the exercise by tho legislature of
their right to fix a maximum limit
of freight and passenger tolls. The
people must be protected against the
daily command to "stand aud de
liver." Corporate monopolies cau
only be brought to their senses by
the enforcement of lawi against dis
crimination and extortion. Such
laws our constitution makes it ob
ligatory upon our legislators to paua.
A Remedy fur Atlrerwlty.
The Lancet suggests that more
account ought to be taken than U
taken of the condition of health in
estimating the cause of success or
failure in life. The habit of failing
is formed in some families, and
seems to be transmitted by inheri
tance ; the same Is the case with con
stitutional peculiarities, and often
with certain morbid conditions.
It would bo an interesting and pro
fitable ftady to examiue how far
what is oalled ill luck or good for
tune is induced by such peculiarities.
Accccpting this view, "so Tar ha its
being strange'that failure or succes
should run in families it would t
inexplicable, contrary to every nat- ,
ural law and precedent, if ho did
not do ao. The force of character,
strength of will, clearness of mental
vision, and qualities of vigor, pati
ence and perseverance, which con
stitute the secret of success in lir&
and the several properties of the
physical organism, compounded of
body and mind." A new cure- H
suggested then, the 'beallh cure,"
as a remedy or adversity, which
would be first personal, then heredi
tary in its aim, aspects, and bearing.
The subject is worthy the attention
of medical men and social philosophers.
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