Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 11, 1880)
Rates of Advertising.
,N;)ccc. lv - into ;t Um lr
lcul'mu J12.W", s'M i fi f?3.. j fa) XUO
If leM'Kl tVKHY WEIlaIAV,
M. K. TURNER & CO.,
Proprietors and Publisher!.
.(mi : i:
r..o0j o ; vi i.j ij j :!.
b.rr' Y.toi i i j ii T." , ?
I lwi ; .j:,j io ,
vi : i.ij 2t
f 1.50 2.2.1 1
lJuincfs anil profoioual enrd ten
Hn. or lets suacr. oer annum, tpn rtol-
j lar. Lcal advertisement at statnto
rotes. 'Editorial local notices" fifteen
cent a line each intertion. "Local
noticee ' tivc cents a line each Inser
tion. Artvertlmcnta claiflcd as "Spe
cial notices" tiv cent. a line first inser
tion, three tent a line each subsequent
T? -.w tt.nfit imitalr tti
Uiucc, vii iim !,-'ii -t.--.-
Term? Per year, $2. Six months, SI.
Three months. K)c. Single copies, 5c.
VOL. XI.--NO. 15.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1880.
WHOLE NO. 635.
A. a. 1'aoikjck, U. S. Senator, Beatrice.
T. J. M UORb, Uep.. IVru.
. K. Valentine, Kcp.. West Tolnt.
ALMVUS Kance, Governor, Lincoln.
S.J. Alexander, -secretary or State.
F. W. LleJiLe. Auditor, Lincoln.
O. M. Brtlctt, Tie usurer, Lincoln.
C.J. Dllwottb. Attorney-General.
S. K. Thompson, 5upt. l'uhllc Insruc.
H. C. Dwson, Vrden of PenltentUrj.
W AV. Abbey, i Prl,0Q inspectors.
lr. J. G. Davis, Trlaon Physician.
H. P. Mithe weon, Supt. Insane Asylum.
J I' D1C I ART:
S. Maxwell, Chief Justice,
George B. LaVc.t AsH0Cigte Judges.
FOCKTH JCPICIAL DISTRICT.
O. W. Post, Judpe, York.
M. H. Reese, District Attorney, Wahoo.
M. K. Hoxle. Keijlster, Grand Island.
Win. Anyan, Receiver, Grand Island.
J. . likKtii-.. County Judge.
Jba Stauaer, County Clerk.
J. W. Early, Treasurer.
nj. Splfhnau, Sheriff.
II. L. Rosfcitor, Surveyor.
Jhn Walker, j
Jehn WIpc. V CountyCoinmlsaloner.
31. Mah.T, )
Dr. A. Hcintz, Coroner.
S. L. Harrott, Supt. of School.
UvreSc, ! Ju,tl,e,ofthePeace.
(TiHrl"i Wake, Constable.
J. V. RecfcT, MhVor.
H. J. Hudson. Clerk.
C. A. Newman, Treasurer.
Ceo. (). Bowman. Police Judge
J. it. Routkon, Eutrineer.
lf n'urtf lohn ltiokly.
(5. A. Srhroeder.
Id Unrrf Win. Lamb.
. Wnrd-O. W. Clothcr.
CuImubBk 1'oNt OMcr.
(pen on Sunday trr-m 11 a.m. to 12 M.
and from :W to C v. m. Bu-ined-hour
exceiJt Minday 0 a it. to K v. it.
Eatrru mail- cloe at 11 a. i.
Western mall- cIokc at 4:1TP.M.
Mail li-ivo Columbus for M:idion and
Norfolk, Tuesdays, Thursday and
Saturday-., 7 a. m. Arrive :tt 6 i. m.
Far MAiirnr. 0ma. Watcr-ille and Al
bion, daily except Sundaj rt a. M. Ar-
rite, "ainr.fi r.M.
Kr Potnie. Farral, OaV.dnte aud
NcwmauV Orove, Monda, Wednes
days, and I rid:.) . 6 A.M. Arrives
TuVisdayh, Thursdays and Saturday,
at i. M.
Fttr She'll Creek, Creston wnd Stanton,
on Monday and Fridays at 0 a. m.
Arrives Tuesday. and Saturday, at
e r. N. . , ....
For Alexia, Patron and David City,
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturday,
IP. M 'Arrives at 12.M.
For St. Aothony, Prairie Hill and Ft.
Bernard. Friday", 9 A. N. Arrives
Satuidayh, 3 P.M.
II. P. Time Table.
Dicrant,No.6, leaven at .r 6:55 a.m.
Pn-cns'r, " 4, " " 11:06 a.m.
Freight, " 8, " "... 2:10 p.m.
FrIPht, 10, " .- 4:30 a.m.
Freight, No. 5, leaves at . 2:00 p.m.
Fai-cnt-'r, " 2. " i:Hp,in
Freight. "9, "... C:00p.m.
Emlt-rant. 7. " "... 1:W a. m.
Everv dtv except Saturday the three
lines leadiug to ChlcaRO connect with
C P. trains at Omaha. Ou Saturdays
tbero will be but one train a day, as
shown by the following schedule:
A. A TIME TABLE.
Leaves Columbus, ...
David City, .
Garrison, ... .
Rubv. .. .
" Pleasant Dale,
Arrives at Lincoln,
Leaves Lincoln at 1
In Columbus 4:tf P. M.
.. .. 9.25 "
. .. . 10:19 "
. .10:53 "
. . ll:0fi
. 11:22 "
r. M. and arrives
O.. '. A B. H. ROAD.
Bund north. I Bound south.
Jxck'on l:.4 P.M. Norfolk 8:S0 a. M.
LstCreekD:.T0 " Munson C:57 "
PL Centre, .'i:. " MadiRon .7:45 "
lluraphrevfi;:.l " Humphrey 8:31
MadUon 7:40 " PL Centre 9:iS3
Munon e: " LotCreek 9:55 "
Norfolk 8:..5 1.1ackon 10:S0 "
The departure from Jackhon will be
uravcrned by the arrival there of the
IT. P. cxpreS" train.
Card under tbi" heading will be
lnerted tor ?3 year.
G. A. R. Baker Po-t No. 9, Department
f Nebraska, moets ever second and
fourth Tue-ifctv evenings in each
month in Knight" of Honor Hall, Co
lumbus. John Hammond. P. C.
D. D. WAnswoKni, AdJ't.
H. P. B0WT.n, Searc. Maj.
PICTURES! PICTURES 1
NOW IS THE TIME to secure a life
like picture ot yourself and chil
dren at the New Art Rooms, east 11th
street, south lde railroad track, Colum
4T8-tf Mro. S. A. Joei.yx.
IF YOU hsve any real estate for sale,
if you wlch to buy either in or out
in" the'eity, if yon wbb to trade citr
property for land?, or lands for city
property, give us a call.
" 'WADSWOnTII & J0i.8EL.TN.
NXLON MILLKTT. BYRON MIUXTT,
Justice of the Peace and
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
Nebraska. N. B. They will give
close attention to all business entrusted
to them. 348.
T OUIS SCHREIBER,
BLACKSMITH AND WAGON MAKER.
All kinds of repairing done on short
notice. Bugcies, Wacons, etc.. made to
order, and all work guaranteed.
,j3?"Shop oppoilu the "TatmsalL,"
OUTt f U"t. Z9&
SCHOOL, BLANK AND OTHER
mf! "m?9i va)j ,W?r9
i k: w.w m
JM Itf J,TUJM.i1UMMiJt'lV
Musical Instruments and Music,
TOYS, NOTIONS, BASE BALLS AND BATS,
ARCHERY AND CROQUET, ftc, at
LUBKER & CRAMER'S,
Corner 13th and Olive Sts.. - COLUMBUS, NEB.
yir.n. f . coBKi JsU.
1 TTORXEY-A T-LA W,
Fp-rtalrs In Cluck Buildinp, 11th street.
Ir. K. t SIGI.!4,
Physician and Surgeon.
at all hours.
JUSTICE OP THE PEACE AND
leth Strft, i loori w".t uf llsmmnud Hon",
Columbus, Xeb. 49l-y
K. 91. 1. THtR.STO.,
Oilice over corner of 11th and Nrth-wt.
All operations liret-clahr and warranted.
UlICAfiO ItAKHF.K NIIOI:
HEN BY WOODS, Proi-'k.
JSJTEvervthinp in first -class .tyle.
Al-o Veep the bc-t of cigars. 51t-
A TTOXXEYS A T LA ',
OfGce up-tair iu McAllister's build
ing. 11th .St.
PH TS1 CIA X A XD SUB G EOX,
Office Corner of North and Eleventh
Sts. upstairs in Oluck'i brick bulldlnp.
Consultation In German and Euglihb.
Dealer in PEAL ESTATE,
a r.ts;:i:;cs as 3?,
GENOA, NASCK CO.,
OLATTERY &. PEARSALL
ARE PRKTARED, WITH
FIRST' CLASS APPARATUS,
To remove houses at reasonable
rates. Give them a call.
GEORGE N. DERRY,
House iSigu Painting,
V3f" All tr-nrV KTBrrtltd. HhOD OH
Oliye street, one doer south of Elliott's
new Pump-house. aprl6y
JS. MURDOCH & SON,
Carpenter and Contractors.
HaYenad an extended experience, and
-in .Tii.roTiipf antiMf-iotlon in work.
All klnds'of repairing done on short
notice. Our mono if, uoou wor. uu
f rvr;. Ptil mil iMve us an onnor-
tunity to estimate for you. jSTShop at
the Big Windmill, v oiumDus, .cor.
fj. H. EXA.'WII.'VO Sl'RGEO.'s,
cor.riiBua, : Nebraska.
FFICE HOURS. 10 to 12 a. ra., 2 to
VJ 4 p.m., and 7 to 9 p.m. umce on
Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of
am n-t .. -I m M a .1 t , C f 1 1 ir Prf
corner Wyoming and Walnut streets!
UUCIU ViUIUIUUUI, ...
-L A.W, REAL ESTATE
W. S. GEEE.
MONEY TO LOAN in small lots on
farm property, time one to three
years. Farms with some improvements
bought andsold. Office for the present
at the Clother House, Columbus, Neb.
Manufacturer and Dealer In
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Store on Olfre St., near the old Post-office
Columbus Nebraska. 447-ly
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. 8HEEHAX, Proprietor.
iy Wholesale nd Retail Dealer in For
elcn Wines, Liquors and dears. Dub
lin Stout, Scotch and English Ales.
STiTentucJfcy Whiskies a Sptcialty.
OTSTERfi it their season, by the caae
can or dish.
lltk ftret, ltk f Sapet
WA6QIS1 MM ! WAGQIS
WHITNEY & BKEWSTEK
Light Fleasnie and Bu3ineJ! Wag
oils ol' all Descriptions.
We are pleased to Invite the attention
of the public to the fact that we have
juct received a ear load of Wagon and
Buggieh of nil descriptions and that we
are the nole apento for the counties ot
Flat le , Butler, Boone, Madison, Merrick,
Polk and York, for the celebrated
CORTLAND WAGON COMP'Y,
of Cortland, New Y'ork, and that we are
offering tbee wagons cheaper than any
other wagon built of ianio material,
style and tlnieh can be sold for in this
I3T"ricnd for Catalogue and Price-list.
4$4-tf Columbus, Neb.
MEDICAL I mm INSTITUTE.
S. 2!7:&ZU,' 0. , 5. t. IfASTTir, K. 8
3. s. i.X2:s. i:. c. ;. c. tcaisz, v. .. tf cwii.
Consulting Fliysici&ns and Surgeons.
For the treatment of all classes of Sur
gery and deformities; aoute and
chronic dibeajes, diseases of the eye
and ear, etc., etc.,
ON ELEVENTH STREET,
Opposite Spelce & North's land-office.
11 a on hand a line selected
REPAIRING A SPECIALTY.
S2TALL GOODS SOLD, ENGRAVED
FF.EE OF CHARGE.Jgl
Call and see. No trouble to show
Manufacturer and Dealer In
BOOTS AND SHOES!
A romplet aMortssf at of LsiUni' sad Call
drtu't Skoc kft on hand.
All Work Warranted!!
Our .Motto Good stock, excellent
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Repairing
rr. Olive nmd 12t1i Htt.
HAZEN WIND MILL!
HARRXGAN dfc CRAINE
Have the agency for this celebrated
wind mill, "and will also sell
pumps, and make repairs on pumps and
mills. The Ilasea is better governed
than any other, more durable, will run
longer, go in as little wind and in great
er thau any other, and give j the best of
satisfaction. See the one at the Grand
Paclllc, and call on us opposite the
post-office. - 627-x
FARM FOR SALE
aWSrk" ib 15 acres of s0(1 land
MJJBS9Ltcres UI,der cultivation, a
Kw:good house one and a half
etorv hi go, a good stock range, plenty ol
water, and good hay land. Tjo miles
east of Columbus. Inquire at the
Pioser Bakery, 47W
ocks and JeweUr
A CKEDI!I.Oi:sl WOMAIV.
BY "WM. U. MAHEE.
My wife is a woman of wonderful
faith. If ttie standard of an average
person is a grftin of mustard seed,
then I could conncientiouBly say my
wife's faith in equal to a Hubbard
squa?b. She is certainly a woman
of whom it can be said, she walks
by faith and not by night. To at
tempt to tell all that phe believes in
wonld require more time than I have
at my disposal, or ever hope to have.
I might mention, off hand, that she
believes in the daily papers, In the
incorruptibility of politician, In
Beecher, In Bob Ingersoll, In Bar
nura, and in me!
When circumstances compel me to
leave her between the acta at the
opera, and I return with a clove be
tween ray teeth, remarking that I
,b&d the toothache, horses could not
compel her to doubt that clove.
When I am late getting home, and
incidentally remark that I had a
customer who was going away ou a
late train, and that 1 kept him com
pany, our minister could not shake
her faith in that customer, not even
though he was to swear that with
his own eyes he saw me come out
from the club. In this respect she
is a model wife, and I would advise
the marriageable youn men to
search for a copy.
But there are occasioua when she
is provokingly taken in by her fol
low creatures. There is nol a tramp
between New York and Chicago
who does not have our house very
prominently displayed on his map.
I fancied at one time that there must
be marks on the streets pointiug to
our back door, and at great expeuse
for wine, cigars and oysters I hadau
ordinance passed by our City Coun
cil to have every tree uud piece of
board within three pqunre? of me
whitewashed or painted ; but It has
done no good, the tramps come iu
droves as they did before.
Whilo painting my own fence I
came across some hieroglyphics on
a back gate that looked Huspicious,
and I covered them with six coats of
paiut, rejoicing all the while at thus
getting one diary out of the way.
But my ice man brought suit against
me next morning for destroying bis
acconnt with us, and before I cduld
arrange to defend I found be had
been to see my wife, who had set
tied with him. When she showed
me the receipt iu full, and began
expatiatiug on the more Christian
way of arbitrating than going to
law, I endeavored to show her that
it was morally impopslble that we
could have used 138 pounds of ice
every day for seven months, but she
would not listen to me. That odd
one-quarter is what binds her faith
to the ice man ; it Is evidence to her
mind that be in a conscientious man.
While she -is a woman who has the
very highest respect for the laws, so
much so that she allows her cook to
give her favorite policeman a warm
supper every night, and the nurse to
give her favorit a warm dinner
every day, still no man can whisper
smuggled goods but that she begins
to finger her purse. We have as
many linen towels and sheets laid
away for the time that our girl shall
be married as ever Mrs. Toodlea had
for the future Mrs. Thompson 'with
a p.' I have taken her to Witter's
and had him show her that her Irish
linen was bought from him at about
the one-half what she had paid for
it, but she smiled at me on our way
home as if she really pitied me for
letting myself be so easily gulled by
such a story.
We have thirteen patent lamp
burners laid away on the library
Bhelves. What earthly good they
can ever be to us I do not know, as
we have no lamps and have no
thoughts of changing from gas to
oil. But my wife has seen some
good reason why she should buy
them, and I am determined to let
her go on so 1 can form a cabinet to
show the steady improvement in
I have had reason to rejoice that
jewelry was cheap. Our religious
papers have been full of advertise
ments of 50-cent solid gold thimbles
and 25-cent diamond studs. What
she might have thought if those ad
vertisements bsd been in any other
class of papers I cannot tell, but
being iu our church iournal there
could be no doobt about them. She
sent for a bracelet for the babe
'handsomely chased, solid gold, and
only sent to the subscriber of this
paper,' the advertisement read, and
all for $1.05. It came aud was put
on the baby at once with much
feminine joy. Our baby is at the
age when she delights to pat every
thing in her month. She pat her
wrist in her month and when next
we saw the 'solid gold' it was stick
ing te the baby's teeth, while the
'handsomely chased bracelet' was as
black as my boots. I suggested
suing the proprietors of the relig
ious paper, but she promptly inform
ed me that she did not blame them
or any one else.
I was getting reconciled to all
these mishaps, for the money she
wasted was her own, and she has a
right to do with it as she likes; but
every now and then I find her taken
in by such unblushing frauds that I
can only ease my feelings by attend
ing a caucus or temperance meeting.
When I went home this noon I
knew by her interested face that she
had a story to tell.
'I have been hearing of the yellow
fever Bufferers,' said she at once,
'and I think we're to blame for not
having cdntributed more to their
Who's been hero?' I asked-
'A man who has just come from
that country. And only think of it
dear, he is the only one left out of a
family of eleven. He lout fate wife
and eight children, and a grand
mother, and was reduced from com
petency to beggary.'
How much did yon give him?' I
'I didn't give him anything.'
'Then ho wasn't collecting,' said I
'No, he wasn't collecting, so you
need not get off any cheap wit.'
Well, what was he doing? He
waan't telling his story from door to
door just to pass away time was he?'
'He was earning hip living; I
bought three nutmeg graferri from
him, and I think you will say they
are the nicest little machines you
ever saw. I know I had no need of
three,' said she, hastily, as if she
saw a remark about them on my
tongne, 'but I thought we would
put one in the next missionary box
for Kansas, as probably they do not
have many of the comforts of life
out there, and I think Mrs. Peters
will like one. The other will save
enough nutmeg in oue day to pay
for itself; just hoe how it will work
off the last bit of nutmeg.
During all this I had been gettiug
into a whito heat.
'My dear,' said I (I always say
'My dear' when I am particularly
exasperated); 'My dear' and I al
ways treat my wife with the great
est politeness, for only in that way
can husband and wife preserve
mutual respect 'My dear, the hum
bug does not exist that you do not
believe in. It is only wastingwords
to talk with yon about yoor foolish
bargains, but I will bIiow yon how
you have been gulled again for the
thousandth time. What did you
pay for nutmeg graters?'
'Twenty-five cents each, and you
can run them down all you please, I
don't care. I did not buy them
because I wanted them, I did It to
help the man. When the man told
me that he had lost his family and
that he was workiug to build a
monument over his grandmother's
grave, I'd bought the graters if they
were not good for anything; but
they are good for I have tried them,
so there V
'Was the man a tall lean one?'
'Had a white plug bat with crape
around it ?'
'And he had lost a grandmother,
'I will not stop to hear any of
your wit,' said she with a fine scorn.
'You never have anything but poor
jokes wheu I tell you about the
misery and sorrow iu the world.'
'You ridiculous woman,' said I,
'I've nothing to say against the
graters, they are good enough;
what is more to the purpose, they
came out of my store and were sold
at 75 cents a dozen. I sold such a
man as you describe a dozen this
morning, and just as I came away he
was in for another dozen. As he
was paying for them I heard him
tell the clerk that business was look
ing up, for ho had sold three to one
woman who had bought them be
cause be had lost bis grandmother.
JuBt think how ridiculous you are,
when such creatures can laugh
But she had gone away. She
doesn't believe oue word of it;
thinks it is one of my jokes, and, tcu
to one, she will put one of those
graters iu my stocking on Christ
mas eve. But if she does I'll well
I will tell you when the time comes.
Preach View of Americans.
A new French novel devotes con
siderable space to American life,
assuring its readers that in the slates
west of the Mississippi the ladies of
the highest fashion retire to the
Rocky mountains to bunt grizzly
bears, and that they proudly adorn
themselves with necklaces of the
claws of these animals as trophies
of their prowess. It also informs
its readers that Ohio girls ride wild
horses, wear high boots and hunt
rattlesnakes, while the heiress in
Minnesota works in the harvest
In March of 1871, four days before
the day fixed for the adjournmeut
of congress by a joint resolution
passed by botii houses, Allen P.
Hugglns, then a revenue officer in
Mississippi, reported in person to
Secretary Boutwell, of the treasury
department, having been driven
from his district by the Ku-Elux.
The stalwarts had tried iu every
possible form to get through con
gress some measure that would
more perfectly protect the Interest
of the government In the then Hn
Klux raided south, but without
avail. The republicans even wa
vered and were divided among
themselves, and congress was on the
eve of adjournment. Col. Hugglna
was not a stranger to all the mem
bers of Congress. He was person
ally known to all of the Mississippi
delegation and to most of the Mich
igan members, as he had served
auring mo war witn creau in a
Michigan regiment and was known
to be a reliable, upright Christian
man. Secretary Boutwell fully in
dorsed bis officer as perfectly relia
ble aud trustworthy. The outrago
upon Mr. Huggins soon got sound
ed abroad at the capita, and tho
uowspaper reporters were soon with
him, aud hi .story became the prop
erty of the public, aud while some
nine years have elapsed, it will fetill
be fresh in the minds of many of
our readers. It was briefly as fol
lows : Ou the 9th of March, 1871,
Mr. Huggins went from his office at
Aberdeen, Miss., ten miles into the
country upon official busiuesn. Not
being able to return to Aberdeen
that night, he went to tho house of
a friend for entertainment. At 10
o'clock at night the house was sur
rounded by some 15W armed and
masked meu. The host was aroused
and a demand made upon Lira to
produce the officer, Huggiu.
The noise and confusion suou
aroused the whole household. Mr.
Huggins, with the rest, hearing the
demand from the Ku-Klux for hlra,
in his room, he informed them that
they would have to take him it they
wanted him, as he would not vol
untarily surrender himself to them.
The marauders fiuding him decidod,
sot fire to the house, and to save his
fri'eud's house and family, he sur
rendered. They demanded of him
in the yard before they bad used any
violence, that he should promise
them to leave the county and state
forever within three days. This
Mr. Hugglns promptly refused to
do. They then rushed upon him,
and took him oyer one-fourth of a
mile from the house, when they
tripped bim to bis ahlrt and again
made a demand that be comply
with their orders aud leave the
country. He again refused. They
then proceeded to violence, giving
him over one hundred lashes, which
he remember. He became insensi
ble under their torture, and was left
by them for dead. He does not
know all that they did, but no bones
were broken, aud no permanent in
jury sustained, and is to-day as
strong and hearty and full of fight
as any of his persecutors.
Such was the story of this out
raged United States officer. Many
of tho wavoring members of con
gress called upon him. President
Grant sent for him and heard his
story from his own lips aud in his
own words, and the same evening
sent a special message to congress
stating that the disturbed condition
of tho southern states needed atten
tion ; that bis officers were driven
from their posts, and with existing
laws be feared he could not correct
the evil, and advised that such
moasures be taken to enable him to
euforco law and order. Such wa3
the import ot the message. Both
houses of congress voted to rescind
the adjournment motion, and some
two mouths were spent in perfect
ing the enforcement act.
As soon as the act passed, Col.
Huggiup returned to hU district, and
under its provisions most perfectly
restored order throughout its bor
ders. He arrested, himself, some
200 Ku-Klux. Iu 1S75 the Missis
sippi plan was orgauized and opera
ted by the white leagues or color
liners in that State. The violence
and outrages committed by the Ku
Klux was under mask and in the
uight. Mr. Huggins states that all
the difference between the Ku-Klux
and the color liners is that the Ku
Klux was composed of a portion
only of the white Democrats of the
State, banded together, and masked
that they might, by night, deprive
the Republicans of the State of every,
civil and political right dear to
American citizens, while the color
liners or White League, threw off
all mask and was composed of the
entiro white Democratic population,
of the State and had precisely the
same object and aims as the Ku
Klux, and all handed together un
der oath to puotect one another,
even in the murder of Republicans.
Col. Huggins who made so gallant
a fight with tho Kn-Klux. fouud it
impossible to contend,'not only in
the night but daylight, not only
with a fow bnt with every -white
Democrat that ha met, and even he
succumbed, gave up the struggle
for his rights and left the country.
L Topeka CoTrvrnonviealth.
The above jnaraed gentleman I
a resident of this city, and those
who doubt the condition of the
south as portrayed by republican
can very easily be assured oi
the truth by a convention with
Why the Democratic Party Opposed
the Homestead Law.
A fanner, himself a domornu,
surprised oue of hia democratic
friends a few days since, by saying :
"I am going to vote for Garfield,
sir. I just found out the other da
that the republican party gave me
ray homestead. You needn't say a
word. I have always voted tlu
democratic ticket, but I am going to
vote now with the party that gave
me my homestead. The woods and
the prairies are full of men who will
vote in the same way."
This local item taken from the
Sutton Jtecisttr is wnrlhy of more
than passing notice. It call up the
history of the homestead law, aud
suggests a train of thought full ot
interest to the studeut of American
Why had uot the democratic party
given to the couutry such a law long
before the republican party came
into power? The simple answer in,
that the domiuant wing or that
party would not permit such legia
latiou. There were mon iu the
democratic party who saw the bene
ficence of tiucb a law, aud would
gladly have worked did work for
its realization; but the southern
democrats would not listen for a
moment to any legislation that wo'd
open up the lands of the sunny
south to the plebean mudsill or,
that would open up the great north
and west to the homesteader, who,
by virtue of bis surroundings, would
become haters of slavery, aud there
fore opposed to the party whose
policy aud measures southern demo
crats wholly dictated. The aristo
cratic land-holder and slave owner
of the south would not dared not
favor the idea of a homestead law.
Consequently the measure was re
peatedly voted down by a demo
When the republicans came into
power, the laboring man's friend
came into power, and immediately
set to work to ameliorate the con
dition of MAN. Not the white man,
not the rich man, bnt man as such.
The organic idea of the party was
that the United States Government
was "of the people, by the people
and for the people." Therefore,
whatever legislation was for the
public good received U prompt and
The same anlmns, the same mov
ing principle that -impelled the
republican party to approve the
emancipation proclamation, to pass
the civil rights bill, to originate the
thirteenth and fourteenth amend
ments, prompted the homestead law.
All the great acts of the republican
parly in the interest of man were
the legitimate offspring of the came
Every democrat who I? able to
think, care? to think, should study
the history of his party. Ho should
do this especially at this time, as it
will not be long ere he will ha called
upon for his suffrage to plase in
power the party that uever dared to
ntter a word nor do an act in the
interest of true liberty or universal
man. Sidney Pluindealer.
A young American prima donna,
who had just arrived home from
Italy, tells this pleasant story of her
self, and laughs heartily over it.
She aaya American girlabave all the
titled lovers they want in Italy, and
that she herself had seventeen offers,
notwithstanding she regarded her
self as an ordinary person. She bad
a curiosity to test her last lover, so
she allowed him to call several
times ; the Count, imagining that be
could have everything bis own way,
finally said to her: "Signora, bow
much money have you got?" "Well,
she replied, "after all my dehta are
paid, I may have 2& francs left."
She has not seen bis Conntibip
(Not oae American woman in
twenty-five can walk five mile,"
says as English physician. See here,
Doc., yon just show an American
woman a street five miles lone, with
bonnet stores every ten rods, aad
see If she can't walk the -sbole
KlrctloB or I. S. NoHnlor by
According to the constitution and
the laws of' Nebraska the people of
this State will bo called upon to
elect a United States senator by
ballot at t he next November election.
Until quite recently this idea has.
been hooted at a) ridiculous in the
extreme by many of the politicians,
bec.Hine thoy say the United State
law regulate that and no act of the
State can change it. Let u-j look at
it squnrely and ec If It might not be
well for us to follow the StHte law
as long an it does not conflict with
the natloual Inw. The constitution
of the State read :
"The legislature may provide that
at the general election immediately
prt'c-iunj inooxpiiHiion ot mo term
of the United States senator from
thin state, the electors may by ballot,
expresH their preference for some
person for the office of United State
senator. The votes cast for Mich
candidates shall bo canvassed and
returned in the aanio manner a for
This clau-JO of our constitution wu
voted upon separately aud it was
the will of the people, independent
of all othor questions, that th!
should become a psrt of the organic
law of the laud.
Then again, the last legislature
passed u inw, not simply permitting,
but ordering that thin vole be taken
Election Liucs, Lavs ofXcbruskn,
1S79, . 212, .iec. 0, raids:
bre. 9. At the general election
immediately preceding the expira
tion of the term oi" :i Unilml SihIoj
seuator from thii state the electors
nhall by ballot, exprens their prefer
ence for -onto person tor the offic
of United States senator. The vote-
to be CHiiVH--cd find returned in thn
manner hercinniter provided.
Sec. 51. Same net provides that
this vote bhall be canvassed and
scaled and -eat to the Speaker of
Thus it will be seen that the con
stitution allows it and the law orders
it, aud in the face of all thi? it i-uem
like folly to attempt to ignore the
question. And if the people are to
vote, there t but one rational way
to get at it and that is by each party
placing a candidate iu tho field at
their convention the samo a all
other state office". In the event
there. Phould bo no organization on
the part of the republicans might
not the democrat" secure the largest
number of votes for their man and
might nol a democratic senate admit
him as tho legally elected senator
It may be said that such a thing
would be Impossible, but we siy
that anything Is possible with a,
democratic senate. To nominate
and elect a senator can possibly do
no barm. The delegates can be
elected with that understanding
And if any man Is elected by the
people at the ballot box next No
vember, It will be safe to calculate
that the election will bo ratified by
the legislature next winter. This
action on the part of the people
would be a blessing to the State in
more ways than one. It would
divide questions of law-making and
senator-electing, and one-third of
the time allowed the legislature for
the purpose of enacting laws would
not bo consumed In electing a U S.
senator, and votes on legislation 9od
appropriation bills would not bo
traded off in advance.
By all means nominate a U. S.
senator, and vote for him next No
vember, as the law and the constitu
tion contemplate. The people of th
State know as well n the legislature
what they want, and thin election u
as safe in their hand-; as anywhere.
At a time when all the American
colonies together contained a pop
ulatiou of 3,000,000, Dr. Samuel
Johnson said of Loudon, "The man
who is tired of it is tired of exis
tence." If this wa? a true saying
then how much more true is it to
day! According to the hint ccusuh
of Loudon, wnen compared with the
most recent returns of the inhabi
ants of New York, Philadelphia,
Brooklyn, Chicago. Boston and Cin
cinnati, the united populations of
these six American cities just about
equal the population of tho British
The fountain ot content must
spring up iu the mind, aud he who
has so little knowledge of human
nature as to seek happiness by
changing anything but his own dis
position will waste his life in fruit
less efforts, and multiply the. grief
that he purposes to remove.
We shall not acouiplinti much
without zeal and enterprise. But
the mistake ia often made by sup
posing that zeal is hurry, rush, reck
lessness, and Indifference. It is not
so; steady momentum ia often more
effective thau unrestrained vigor.
A man has no more right to say
as nncivil thing than to act one; no
more right to say a rude thing to a
man than to knock him down.
Powered by Open ONI