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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 19, 1879)
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VOL. X.-1STO. 29.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 19, 1879.
WHOLE NO. 497.
uon, three cents a line each sub-equen
IS ISeOKD KVKUY WT.D.VESDAY,
M. K. TURNER & CO,
Grain, Produce, Etc.
NEW STORE, NEW GOODS.
Goods 'delivered Free of Charge,
anyirhere in the city.
Cornor of 13th and Madison Sts.
North of Foundry- 3fl7
HARNESS & SADDLES
Manufacturer and Healer in
Harness, Saddles, Bridles, and Collars,
keeps constantly on hand all kinds of
whip, Saddlery Hardware, Curry
combs, Brushes Hriil! Hits, Spurs,
Card. Harness made to order. He
pairing done on short notice.
NEBRASKA AVENUE, Columbus.
IT .1. IIlISO.,
litli Street, S doors west of Hammond House,
Columbus, Xeb. 40l.y
Dealer in REAL ESTATE,
ACT IKCUaAKCZ L1V&Z,
OUXOA, NAN'CK CO., ... NKD.
r IMPS ON & LINLEY,
A TTOBXEYS A T LA W.
"Will practiee in all the courts of the
State. Prompt attention given to ail
business entrusted to hN care.
OMce: On 11th street, opposite Lin
delf Hotel. 47!-fim
T S. MURDOCK & SON,
" Carpenters and Contractors.
Hivehad an extended experience, and
will guarantee satisfaction in work.
All kind, of repairing done on short
notice. Our motto is," Good work and
fair price. Call and give us an oppor
tunity to estimate for you. t3iSliup at
the IJig Windmill. Columbia, Xebr.
-pK. R. J. KEII.I.V,
Office on Thirteenth Street,
Opposite Engine House, Columbus, Neb.
Er spricht Deutsch. 4S9-x
VELLEY & SLATTERY,
and house building done to order, and
in a workman-like manner. Please give
us a call. JSTShop on corner of Olive
St. and Pacific Avenue. 4S."-tf
Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Slot eon Olire St., near the old Post-office
Columbus Nebraska. -J 17-1 v
.NKLSON MILI.KTT. HYKON 3IILLKTT,
.Justice of the Peace and
. aiKI.SJETTT A: SOX,
ATTORN KYS AT LAW, Coliiiubu-.
Nebraska. N. 15. They will giv
close ntteiitioii to all business entrusted
to them. 213.
J. E. Ci'JP.
COLUMBUS DKUti STORK.
bvecrsson to dolaxh smith,
BWS, PATENT HBDICI 1ES,
Wall l'aier. Toilel Articles.
PAINTS AND OILS,
inc., Kit., kic.
Best Of Goods And Low Prices,
2. 3. CA2EVT.
CAREW & CAMP,
Attoriipvs and Counselors at Law,
AND REAL ESTATE AGENTS.
Will give prompt attention to all busi
ness entrusted to them in this auu ad
joining counties. Collections made
Ollice on 11th street, opposite Heintz'
drug, store, Columbus, Neb. prieht
Ueutsch Parle Francia-.
ir. e:. a.. sige;s.
Physician and Surgeon.
at all hour
MRS. Y. L. COSSEY,
Dress and Shirt Maker,
8 Doors West of StillmaaN Drug Store.
Dresses and shirts cut and made to
orderand satisfaction guaranteed. Will
also do plain or fancy sewing of any de
scription. JSTPKICES VERY REASOXAHLK.
Give me a call and trv mv work.
LAW, REAL ESTATE
W. S. GEEE.
MONEY TO LOAN in small lots on
farm property, time one to three
years. Farms with some improvements
bought and sold. Office for the present
at the Clother House. Columbus, Neb.
m,ri.,,vS&S:' IIHIIS-C l 5ISU I UllllIIIK,
1ST AM work warranted. Shop on
Olive street, opposite the "Tattcrsall"
Jt Ti y
"THE THREE MERRY OLD MAIDS."
A THANKSGIVING TALK.
It was a small, mcaniy-furnished
room, in the fifth story of a third
rate hoarding-house in New York
city tireless,' cheerless and very
small where three young girls,
wrapped in shawls, sat by the high,
narrow window. The youngest
broke the silence by saying:
"Grace, I want a new dress, and
shall have just -fl.G3 to buy it villi
when my weekly wash-bill is paid."
"Indeed, Kathie; you can afford
an imported suit then, I suppose?"
"Doubtless," was the reply lo the
cynical remark ; "and Nell needs one
just as bad as I."
"See here,' said the third girl
Nell, by courtesy as she took from
her pocket a thin, worn portcmon
naie, and, unclasping it, shook the
contents into her lap; "one quarter,
3 cents and 7 pennies is the extent
of my assets."
"The quarter is bad," said (J race,
as she gave it an emphatic twirl on
the little stand by the bed.
"Had ! oh, Grace, what a comfort
er! Imported suits and a bad quar
teralmost the half of all I have!"
and tears rcallv came to the girl's
"Sueh a luss about a quarter!"
mockingly interrupted Grace, "when
the munificent sum of .?( awaits you
at the cashier's desk next Monday."
'Yes; and fJ of that is for board,
GO cents for car fare, which leaves me
wim .yi.-iu to pay the wash wo
man's bill, buy my noonday lunch
interested himself in obtaining sit
uations for them hi one of our largest-dry-goods
stores, where they had
Grace "Weir had been born and
bred in a suburban town, where her
father, a manufacturer, had amassed
considerable property. But, alas for
Grace! Her mother died, and, in a
short time, a stranger was installed
in the vacant place.
Grace had inherited a high, proud
nature, which her step-mother was
determined to subdue. "Weekly and
daily feuds existed between the two.
Grace's monthly allowance was les
sened, then entirely cut off, for her
father was completely under his
wife's influence. In a fit of passion
Grace finally avowed her intention
of leaving home as soon as she was
18, and her lather in justice to him,
be it said, that he keenly felt the
necessity for this step obtained for
her the situation of correspondent in
a New York house. Chance in the
selection of a boarding-place threw
these three young girls together.
All were earning their subsistence
all mourning the loss of parents
and a fellow-feeling was the bond
was in tatters, but the springs were
tolerably good, and certainly it was
better than the floor io sleep on,
especially 83 there seemed little
prospect of a carpet at present. How
ever, a suggestion from Mrs. "Wil
liams set her on the right track
there. She purchased a sufiicicut
number of yards of tiie poorest
quality of unbleached muslin to
cover the entire floor, pasting it on.
This took an entire evening. The
next move was to Select a heavy
wall paper of large figure. As the
walls of her room were white, no
pattern or color chosen could con
flict with them, and the next even
ing this was pasted over the muslin.
Mr. "Williams volunteered to varnish
it when thoroughly dry, and the
evening he was "thus occupied Grace
made long curtains of common
brown cambric, stitching, with the
aid of Mrs. Williams'
knit between them.
That night Grace, like Nell, lay
A fit. fcMIl II will still be found at the
iVl. old stand, and will make prescrip
tions a specialty, a- heretofore.
Dr. A. HEINTZ.
IF YOt have any real estate for sale,
if von wish to'buy either in or out
of the'eity. if you wih to trade city
property for land, or lands for city
propertv. give us a call.
Watiswouth & .Tossrxvx.
RIEMF.lt .v STOLCE keep constantly
on hand and furnish in the wall,
the best of brick. Orders solicited. Ad
rcs, a- above, box !. Columbia. 47S.
VOW IS TIIE TIME to secure a life
1 like picture of yourself and chil
dren at the New Art Rooms, east nth
street, south side railroad track, Colum
47S-t r Mrs. S. A. .Jo-skiv N.
KELLY & SLATTERY,
Fine Soaps, Brushes,
PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc.,
And all article usually kept on baud by
Physicians Prescriptions Carefully
One door Z2:it of ;nllry't on
HOLD HIMSELF IN READINESS
foranv work in hi line, ltcforc
letting your contracts for buildings of
anv description call on or address him
at Columbus. Neb. jSTFirst-class ap.
paratus for removing buildings.
UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON HAND
ready-made and Metallic Collins,
"Walnut Picture Frames. Mends Cane
Scat Chairs. Keeps on hand I'.lack AVal
VT!hist:a Ave. ojp::itc I::t S:st:, Cslanfca, Vil
1. I. Time 'fi':ible.
Emigrant, No. C, leaOh at
Passeng'r, ' -1, '
Freight, " 8, '
Freight, "10, " "..
Freight, No. , leaves at
lasens'r. " :t, '
Freight", " it, " "
Emigrant. " 7. " " .
Every day except Saturday the three
Ihies leading to Chicago connect with
l' P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, as
shown bv the following schedule:
l!:2."( a. m.
I1:Cn a. in.
6 :00 p.m.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
BOOTS AND SHOES!
X complete assortment uf Indies' and Cti II
dren Shoe krjit on lunJ.
All Work Warranted!!
Our Motto Good stock, excellent
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Repairing
Cor. Olive utifl ISfli m.
FOR SALE OR TRADE !
MARES S COLTS,
Horses or Oxen,
SAIII.K POMES, wild or broke,
at the Corral of
42D GERHARD A ZEIGLER.
Columbus Meat Market!
WEBER & KNOBEIi, Prop's.
KEEP ON HAND all kiuds of fresh
meats, mid smoked pork and beef;
alo fresh llsh. Make sausage a spec
ialty. EjETRemcinbcr the place. Elcv
enth St., one door wcit of D. Ryan's
COLUMBUS BRICK YARD
(One mile west of Columbus.)
THOMAS FLYNN & SON, Propr's.
GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK
Always on Hand In
QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASERS
BECKER & WELChT
SHELL CREEK MILLS.;
Chicago Barber Shop.
Cppsiti "E;::ri H:is:,"
HAIR CUTTING done in the latest
styles, with or without machine.
None but nrst-elas workmen employed.
Ladies' and children's hair cutting a
specialty. Rest brands of cigars con
stsntlv on hand.
472 Cm Proprietor.
JOHN HUBER, the mail-carrier be
tween Columbus and Albion, will
leave Columbus everyday except Sun
day at 0 o'clock, sharp, passing through
Monroe, Genoa, 'Watjrville, and to Al
bion The hack will call at either of
the Hotels for passengers if orders are
left at the post-office. Rates reason
able, ?2 to Albion. 222.1y
GOOD CHEAP BRICK!
AT MY RESIDENCE. on Shell Creek,
three miles east of Matthis's bridge,
70,000 goot. Iiurl-lurnt lu-Ick
which will be sold In lots to -nit pur
chasers. 443-tf GEORGE HENGGLER.
U. S. EXA9II3IXG NURGEO.,
COLUMBOS, : NEBRASKA.
FFICE HOURS, 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to
FFICE HOURS, 10 to 12 a. m
4 p. in.. and 7 to 9 p.m. Office on
Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of
E. J. Baker's grain office. Residence,
corner "Wyoming and "Walnut streets,
north Columbus, Nebr. 433-tf
IMetrlck' Meat ITInrUet.
Washington r., aearly oppo.Ite Court lie as.
OWING TO TIIE CLOSE TIMES,
meat will be sold at this market
low, low down for cash.
Best steak, per lb., lOc.
Rib roast, " 8c.
Bail, " 6c.
Ttrn (pnt 9 nnnnrl mnr than tha i)mfA
.. w v .-, v "u HW MM VU K, LW J
-.- -, ,-,,-.,. I prices will Oe charged on time, and that
OFFICE, OOLU MB US, NEB I good repon9ible parties only. mst.
MANUFACTURERS & WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND MEAL.
A. S. Paiidock, U. S. Senator, Beatrice.
Alvin Saunders, U.S. Senator, Omaha.
T. J. Majori., Rep., Peru.
E. K. Vai.kxtine, Rep., West Point.
Alkinus Naxck, (Jovcrnor, Lincoln.
J. .1. Alexander, Secretary of State.
F. "W. Licdtke, Auditor, Lincoln.
G. M. Bartlett, Treasurer, Lincoln.
C. J. Dilworth, Attorney-General.
S. R. Thompson. Sunt. Public Instruc.
II. C. Dawson, Warden of Penitentiary,
W. W. Abbey,
C. II. Gould,
Dr. J. G. Davis, Prison Phvsician.
It. P. Mathewson, Supt. Insane Asylum.
S. MavHi-1!. Chief Justice.
rouiiTir judicial district.
G. W. Post, .TudRC, York.
M. It. Reese, District Attorney, Wahoo.
31. B. Iloxie, Register, Grand Island.
Win. Anyan, Receiver, Grand Island.
I. G. IIitins, County Judge.
John Staufler, County Clerk.
V. Kumnier, Treasurer.
Benj. Spielman, Sheriff.
R. L. Rosssiter. Surveyor.
Wm. Bloedorn j
John Walker, CoiiutyCoiniiiissiniiei'A.
Dr. A . Heintz, Coroner.
S. L. Barrett. Sunt, of Schools.
S. S. McAllister,! ... ,s ,.,
Byron Millett, J"ticesofthePeee.
Charles "Wake, Constable.
C. A. Speice, Mayor.
John Wermuth, Clerk.
Charles Wake. Marshal.
C. A. Newman, Treasurer.
S. S. McAllister, Police Judire.
J. G. Routson, Enelneer.
st Ward J. E. North,
G. A. Schroeder.
id WiirdE. C. Kavanaugh.
R. II. Henry.
Sd H'arrf-E. J. Baker,
Columbus Eo!.i OiiJee.
Open on Sundays tr-m 11 a.m. to 12. M.
and from 4:30 t.o C p. it. Business
hours except Sunday 6 a. m. to 3 p. m.
E istcrn mails close at 11 A. m.
Western mails close at 4:15 p.m.
Mail leaves Columbus for Madison and
Norfolk, daily, except Sundav, at 10
a. m. Arrives at 4:30 p. m.
For Monroe, Genoa. Waterville and Al
bion, daily except Sunday 6 a. m. Ar
rive, same.G p.m.
For Osceola and York,Tuesdavs,Thurs
days and Saturdays, 7 a. m." Arrives
Mondays, Wednesdavs and Fridays,
6 P. it.
For Wclf, Farral aud Battle Creek,
Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays,
C a. m. Arrives Tuesdays, Thursdays
and Saturdays, at 6 p. at.
For Shell Creek, Creston and Stanton,
on Mondays and Fridays at 6 a.m.
Arrives Tuesdavs and Saturdavs, at
6 p.m. ' '
For Alexis, Tatron and David City,
Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays,
1 p. M. Arrives at 12 M.
For St. Anthony, Trairie Hill and St.
Bernard. Saturdays, 7 a. u. Arrives
Fridays, 3 p.ai. '
"Girls, we can't live in tin's way.
Cannot something be done ?" Kathie
spoke in a despairing way.
"Xothiiijr, Kalliie. I lay awake
half last night no new thing eu-dflavoi-ing
to financier a way out of
this dilemma. My visions of heaven
are a place where dollars and ceiils
are unknown, while I ihink the
abode of superlative loimciit must
be paved with l hem, which poor
sinners labor uiisucces.sfullv through
all eternity to pick up.!'
'NclI, don't." Kalhie's voice was
1 1 emulous.
"There, dear, I won't," and her
si.sler's arms were twined around
her. -'Grace can afford to be cynical
for she has $8 a week, with an occas
ional 'lift' from her father."
"And, like a prodigal, she spends
live for board the tirivileirn of no-
ctipying a room larger than a closet,
with a fire in it, though nt present it
is untenable, as her room-mate has
it filled with a bevy of choice spirits
who are reading aloud from Mrs.
Fleming's last work."
"Is there no help ?" Kuthie's ques
tion broke the momentary silence
which had fallen upon the group.
"Xo, Kathie, we must make the
best of it.' Xell's voice was firm,
with a ring of sternness in it. "We
must make the best or it. Poor lit
tle Kathie, papa's pel!'' And the
tone took on a tenderer strain, as
she stroked her sister's hair. "I
don't mind for myself, but for you,
little Kathie. There is only one way
in winch we could do better. If it
was possible for us to rent a room,
we could live for about two-thirds
of what we are now paying, and live
better; but a furnished room would
cost too much, nnd we can't by any
means furnish one ourselves.'"'
"Would you do your own cook
ing?" inquired Grace; "there is
scant scotiomy in taking meals out."
"But that would be tiiesome."
"Wo could fare better and live
cheaper. Cooked meats aie com
paratively inexpensive, nnd, though
I do not admire baker's bread, we
have to cat it here ; vegetables we
could cook, and always have some
little luxury for Sunday prepared on
"Oh, Nell, if we could I" and Kath
ie clasped her hands as she looked
"Jvathis longiiiffs nrn ..ilw-iv
prayers," ejaculated Grace. "It is
sheer nonsense; we work hard
"Grace, we work to earn money;
but I would work as eagerly to save,
aud have better food, clothing and
warmth for Kathie."
"Only a little more than a week
from Thanksgiving," sighed Kathie,
"and papa used to think so much of
that day. He was from Massachu
setts, Grace, aud you know all New
England makes much of Thanksgiv
ing more than of Christmas. Papa
was brought up to nnd he never
gare up the custom. It will be a
sad day to us." The conversation
here assumed a desultory tone, and
soon Grace Weir bade her friends
Nell and Kathie Grey were sisters
of 20 and 18 years. A little more
than a year before their father died ;
they were raotherlesB from early
childhood. Mr. Grey, having always
lived upon the slender wages of a
clerk, left his daughter almost pen
niless at his death ; but a kind friend
awake to plan. She went to her
friends' room the previous evening,
intending to tell them of her good
fortune, that they might rejoice
with her; but, after the conversa
tion we have recorded, could not do
so. She had that day received a
letter from her father, containing a
postal order for $3f, with his usual
apology "a little unexpected money
came in, aud, though her mother did
not approve of her having much to
spend, fearing it might lead her into
extravagance, he thought she might
like a warm clonk and a new dress
for the winter. Lei him know the
letter of that date was received; she
need not refer to the money."
The result of Grace's thoughts
were apparent, as she .sprung from
her bed, and, hastily striking a
match, drew forth paper and pen
and wrote the following:
Wantkd. An unfurnished-room in a
respectable locality suitable lor house
keeping. Rent low. Address "Self
help," Herald ollice.
"There! no new cloak or dress
now. Father's gift, as well as the
$8 I have saved, must go for some
thing else," she said, as she turned
down the lirht.
After dinner the next evening
Grace tapped at the door of Mrs.
Williams' room, an invalid lady
boarding on the first floor of the
same house, and on admittance ask
ed if Mr. Williams would do her a
favor. His business obliged him to
pass the Herald office. Would it be
too much to beg him to take an ad
vertisement for insertion in Sun
day's paper, and stop the next even
ing for replies?
"Lost your situation, Miss Grace?"
was the quick inquiry."
'Not a matrimonial ? I won't help
you if that is it."
Grace deliberated a moment, then
said : "I may as well take you into
my confidence. Maybe Mrs. Wil
liams will tell me if my scheme is
too wild." And she told the story ;
the conversation she had held with
Nell and Kathie the previous even
ing; that Kathie was not strong,
needed more nourishing food and a
warm fire, and how opportune her
father's gift seemed.
Tears stood in Mrs. Williams'
eyes ere the recital was finished, and
hearty co-operation was promised.
A large package of letters was
brought Grace on Monday evening,
answers to her advertisement, and
her friends, the Williamses, kindly
lent their aid in deciding which
seemed most desirable.
The uext morning Grace begged
half a day's respite from business,
and started out to examine the
rooms. Good fortune aided her.
She found a large, sunny room, ou
the third floor of a well-kept house,
with two ample closets. The rent
asked was $15 a month, payable in
advance; but Grace found the land
lady so motherly in appearance that
she instinctively related the circum
stances to her, and the sympathetic
German woman reduced the price to
Mr. Williams suggested the pur
chase of a second-hand stove and
table; but bed and bedding Grace
declared should be new. The stove
was bought for $G a real bargain
they told her. Bed and bedding for
the two sisters reduced Grace's mon
ey from f!3 to .$21. A table iu good
condition, but 6ecoud-hand, was
bought for $3; then there were
chairs, cooking utensils, dishes and
coal to be purchased; and the
lounge for Grace, with window
shade and carpet, seemed distant
indeed. But ingenuity came to her
assistance in planning the last, and
her landlady aided the first necessity
by offering for her U6C an old, well
worn sofa that had stood in her store
room for two years past. .The cover
chine, bands of bright yellow upon
them. A loose covering for the
lounge was also fashioned from the
same materials. Cornices for her
window she could not buy, and time
was not at her command in which to
manufacture them. But she consol
ed herself for the yet bare look of
the room by remembering that it
was much pleasant er than the one
Nell and Kathie then occupied.
Grace intended a surprise for the
sisters, and so fold them of a new
boarding house she had found, where
they could obtain better board than
they had at present for a dollar a
week less. They were eager lo make
the change, but Grace stubbornly
refused to give them further Infor
mation, except that they would have
to frharc a room with her. and offer
ed, :f they wished, to engage board
for the ensuing week.
Planning to give them a pleasant
Thanksgiving day, she laid in a tiny
stock of groceries and a turkey, de
termined herself to roast it, and tho'
grumbling at her work, she was now
thankful, for the first time in her
life, to the stern stepmother who had
thoroughly drilled her in all house
Mrs. Williams volunteered to tell
their present landlady of the pro
posed change, and she performed
her work so admirably that, instead
of being offended, the woman was
pleased at Grace's independence and
generosity and promised to send
over a couple of pies for a start in
Mr. and Mrs. Williams invited
themselves to partake of the first
dinner; and when Nell and Kathie,
having sent their trunks over by an
expressman, rang the door-bell and
introduced themselves as the Missos
Gray, for whom Miss Weir had en
gaged board, they noticed a queer
smile flit over the face of the girl
who answered their ring, as she told
ll. .... i il i . .
uiL'iu io waiK ngni up to tlieir room,
third floor, front. Up they went,
and, opening the door, an odd scene
presented itself. Grace, the queenly
Grace, was kneeling in front of the
cook stove, with flushed face, en
deavoring to baste a refractory tur
keyrefractory, because she had not
properly trussed it, and one poor
maimed limb was slicking out al
most at right angles from the body.
Mrs. Williams was resting on the
lounge, while her husband sal by the
window reading his morning paper.
Nell and Kathie were not the only
ones who were surprised. Grace
found a low seat by the window,
manufactured from a shoe-box, neat
ly covered with a remnant of the
cambric she had left in Mrs. Wil
liams' rooms ; and also a table-spread
of brown rep, embroidered on the
hem with yellow worsted in a showy
pattern, and" lambrequins of the
same material, exactly matching her
curtains in color.
Poor little Kathie almost dissolved
in tears, while brave Nell, who was
too proud to usually appear aught
but indifferent, laughed and cried
It was a cheerful party that gath
ered around the table that day ; and,
although the turkey was not prop
erly trussed, and had a severe black
burn on one thigh, and the squash
was watery, they all pronounced it
the most delici'0119 dinner of which
they had ever partaken, voting the
pie3 Mrs. Williams brought over the
very best that Mrs. Klipp ever had
It is two years this month since
the first Thanksgiving dinner was
eaten in that little room, aud the
same three girls yet occupy it. This
year they intend to celebrate their
anniversary by the purchase of a new
all-wool carpet, their joint savings.
The old sofa is replaced by a com
fortable bed-lounge, and new dresses
are even novr being made for the
trio. Best of all, Kathie's cheeks
have grown rosy and plump, aud
they call themselves the "three mer
ry old maids." Nell bids fair to
develop into a first-class business
woman ; while Grace'3 father, on his
stolen visit to the city, was infornted
that bis daughter was worth more to
her employers than all the male
correspondents they ever had.
Half a century ago a large part of
the people of the United States lived
in houses unpainted, unplastered
and utterly devoid of adornments.
A well fed fire iu the yawning chasm
of a huge chimney gave partial
warmth to a single room, and it was
acommen remark that the inmates
were roasting one side while freez
ing the other; in contrast, a majority
of the people of the older States now
live iu houses that are clap-boarded,
painted, blinded and comfortably
warmed. Then the household fur
niture consisted of a lev: plain
chairs, a plain table, a bedatcad
made by the village carpenter. Car
pets there were none. To-day few
arc the homes in city or country that
do not contain a carpet of some sort,
while the- average laborer by a
week's work mav earn enough to
- o "
enable him lo repose at night upon
a spring bed.
Fifty years ago the kitchen "drc-s-crs"
were set forth with a shining
row of pewter plates. The farmer
ate with a buck-handled knife and
an iron or pewter spoon, but the
advancing civilization has sent the
plates and spoons to the melting pot,
while the knives and forks have
given place to nickel or silver plated
In those days the utensils for
cooking were a dinner pot, leu ket
tle, .skillet, Dutch oven and frying
pan ; to-day I here is no end of kitch
The people of lSJOsat in the even
ing in the glowing light of a pitch
knot lire, or read tlieir weekly
newspapers liy the flickering light
of a "fallow dip;'' now, iu city and
village, their apartments are bright
with the flame of the gas-jet, or the
softer radiance of kerosene. Then,
if the fire went out on the hearth, it
was rekindled by :t coal from a
neighboring hearth, or by flint, steel
and tinder. Those who indnli'ml in
pipes and cigars could light them
only by some hearthstone. To-day
we light fire and pipes by the dor
mant fire-works in the match-safe at
a cost ot one hundredth of a cent.
In those days we guessed the hour
of noon, or ascertained it by the
creeping of tho sunlight up to the
"noon-mark" drawn upon the floor.
Only the well-to-do could afford a
clock. To-day who docs not carry
a watch? And as for clocks, you
may purchase them at wholesale, by
the car-load, at 02 cents a piece.
Fifty years ago how many dwell
ings were adorned with pictures?
How many arc there now that do
not display a print, engraving, chro-
mo, or lithograph? How many pi
anos or parlor organs were there
then? IJccd organs were not in
vented till 1810, and now they arc
in every village.
Some who may read this article
will remember that in 1830 the Bi
ble, the almanac, aud the few text
books used in school were almost
the only volumes of the household.
The dictionary was a volume four
inches square and an inch and a half
in thickuess. In some of Ihc coun
try villages a few public spirited
men had gathered libraries contain
ing from 300 to 500 volumes; in
contrast, the public libraries of the
present, containing more than 10,
000 volumes, have an aggregate of
10,050,000 volumes, not including the
Sunday-school and private libraries
of the country. It is estimated that
altogether tho number of volumes
accessible to the public is not less
than 20,000,000! Of Webster's and
Worcester's dictionaries, it may be
said that enough have been publish
ed to supply one to every 100 in
habitants of the United States. 6'.
C, Coffin, in May Atlantic.
A lVisc I'utlier.
in one oi me leaning town3 ot
central Iowa, thero resides a wealn
thy banker whoso eldest daughter!
but recently become engaged to be
married. A3 would be cxnectcdl
from the position of her family, thi?
young lady has had the benefit oi
the best social aud intellectual ad-l
vantages at home, besides having
been a student at Yassar for some
time, and traveled considerably,
from all of which she has attained!
quite an unusual degree of culturcl
for a lady of only twenty years.
To an ordinary observer it would
seem that hur training hud been ad
that could be desired ; but her father
thought otherwise. When he found
that i-lie had decided to take upon!
herself the duties of a wifehood, he,l
knowing how greatly tho happiness
of families is affected by the house
wifery qualities of tho woman At
the head, declared that the marriage
should be dehued until she had
made herself thoroughly familiar
with the duties of a housekeeper.
To be thorough he knew required
m ore than mere theoretical knowl
edge, so with wise thoughtfulness
Dcalh and Hie ITlyHtcriou Jlc-
A child 3 years old was dying of
scarlet fever. She lingered long,
and the last day of her life she was
unconscious for hours. Many times
her mother tried to rouse her, but
iu vain. She seemed to be sinking
away in death .without a token of
recognition. Suddenly she opened
her eyes wide, lifted her head, and
looked around the room as though
filled with wonder and delight. She
clapped her hands and cried eagerly
to her mother, "Ob, mamma, see the
beautiful children!" Her mother
said, "Where?" "Oh, all around,"
she replied, and she turned her head
as though sue saw them in every
direction. No written words can
describe the rapture of her look and
voice. "They arc coming, they are
coming, they are close to me," she
said iu a transport of joy. She put
up both hands, laughing out with
that gleefHl, ringing sound peculiar
to little children, and then she died.
he was careful lo provide the mean
whereby the practical worth of in-l
instruction received could be fully
tested; and to this end the mother
was requested to retire into thel
background for a season while the
daughter should assume the respon
sibilities of house-keeper- TI12I
mother consented, and the young
lady undertook the duties of her
novel position with a will to do hci
hjij uu.11. cuvi-rui iiiuiiius nave
now elapsed, yet her interest is nev
er known to flag, although her po-
6U10U is no sinecure, xnc lanmy i.sl
very large, and being exceedingly
hospitable, the house i? seldom with
out the presence of gue.ts from!
abroad ; but inspired by the ambi-
11011 10 acquit ncrscii creditably 111
the present, as well as by the sweet
home in the future, when she bhall
preside over a home of her own,
her zeal and onthusiusm iucreases
from day to day as experience adds
lo her proficiency.
In order that her work may be
systematic, she is allowed a certain
um of money a month with which
to supply the table, and as a spe
cial inducement to the exercises of
economy, all that can be saved
therefrom is placed to their private
account for individual use. This
monthly allowance being by no
means large, she is obliged to exer
cise care in its expenditure, there
fore the minutest details arc studied,
and not a dish makes its appearance
upon the table without the cost hav
ing been fully estimated previous
to its ordering. In this manner she
i3 learning many things that might
be of great value to her iu the
Not long siuce she was heard tol
remark that it was really astonish
ing to discover lite many ways ofl
economizing possible 'to women ;
aud as an instance of her own ex
perience, said she frequently found,
for Eomc expensive dish desired,
that something else, equally as
wholesome and fully as palatable,
could be furnished at one-half the
The father often accompanies her
to market and instructs her in the
selection of vegetables, the cutting
of meats, etc., showing such as arc
suitable for different purposes, and
now 10 avoid wasteful and un
Docs not this little sketch con
tain a valuable suggestion for the
benefit of other parents? This young
lady will gain in less than one year.
at an expenditure of probably one-
third the vital energy required iu
the school-room, knowledge that
will contribute a thousand fold
more to the happiness of those de
pending upon her in the future, thau
any amount of school training
could possibly do; yet how few
thiuk to give daughters similar
preparation for the home cares and
home duties so sure to form a part
of every woman's life. Were par
ents more thoughtful in this res
pect, the burdens of young wives
would be greatly lessened, while
tho amount of money which would
be saved to young husbands would
oftentimes be sufficient to lay the
foundation of great wealth. The
thought i3 worthy of consideration
on the part of all those who may
hold in their hand3 the shaping of
a young girl's fortune.
A young lady was worrying an
editor by reading her poem to him,
and asked, when she had finished :
"What part of my poem do you like
best?" "The part yon have not
read," said the editor.
A good word for her last place.
Young person (applying for house
maid's help:) "A young lady as
lived with you as cook, mum, told
me as you was a very nice woman to
get on with."
"Now Arthur, be a good boy, and
take your medicine, or mamma will
bo very angry r Arthur (after
mature deliberation:) "I would
rathct' mamma wa3 very angry I
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