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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 5, 1879)
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VOL. IX.--NO. 40.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1879.
WHOLE NO. 456.
t3T Office In the JOURNAL building,
Elerenth-st.. Columbus. Neb.
Tsrms Per rear, $2. Six months, $1.
Three months, 50c. nj;le copies, 5c.
A. S. Paddock, U. S. Senator, Beatrice.
Alvi.v Saunders, U. S. Senator, Omaha.
T. J. Majorl, Rep., Peru,
r. K. Valentine, Rop., West Point.
Albinus Nance, Governor, Lincoln.
S.J. Alexander, Secretary of State.
K. W. Liedtke, Auditor, Lincoln.
O. M. Rartlett, Treasurer, Lincoln.
C.J. Dilworth, Attorney-General.
P. R. Thompson. Supt. Public Instruc
H. C. Dawson, Warden of Penitentiary.
Or. J. G. Davis, Prison Physician.
II. P. ilaibe wson, Supt. Insane Aiylum.
S. Maxwell, Chief Justice,
FOURTH JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
O. VT. Post, Judge. York.
M. B. Reese, District Attorney, Wahoo.
II. B. Hoxle, Register, Grand Island.
Win. Anyan, Receiver, Grand Island.
J. G. I! logins. County Judge.
John Stauffer. County Clerk.
Y. Ktuniner, Treasurer.
Itenj. Splelman, Sheriff.
It. L. Rottositer, Surveyor.
Win. ltloedorn j
John Walker, - CountyComuiIssiouers.
John Wise. )
Dr. A. Heintz, Coroner.
S. L. Barrett, Supt. of Schools.
Charles Wake, Constable.
'. A. Speice, Mayor.
John Schram, Clerk.
John J. Hick I. v, Marshal.
J. W. Early, Treisurer.
H. S. McAllister. Police Judge.
J. G. Roution, Engineer.
Isl H'ard J. E. North,
2.1 IFardE. C. Kavauaugh.
C. E. Morse.
3d WardK. J. Baker,
ColmabuM rout Office.
Open on Sunday trtm 11 a.m. to 12 m.
and from 4:30 to 0 r. m. Busincst
hours except Sunday 6 a. m. to S p. jr.
a Hern mails cioe at 11:20 a. m.
Western mails close at 4:20r.M.
!all leaes Columbus for Madison and
Norfolk, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and
Saturday, 7 a. m. Arrives Mondays,
Wednesdays, and Fridays, 3 r. M.
lor Monroe," Genoa. Waterville and Al
bion, daily except Sunday C a. m. Ar
rlo. saw, 6 r. M.
For Summit, Ulysses and Crete. Mon
days and Thursdays, 7 A. m. Arrives
Wednesday, and SaUirdnvs, 7 r. M.
For Belleville. Osceola and York. Tues
days, Thursdays and Saturdays, 1 p. M.
Arrives at 12 if.
For Wolf, Farral and Battle CrceK.
Mondays and Wednesdays, 6 a. SI. Ar
riTes Tuesdays aud Fridays at 6 r. si.
For Shell Creek, Nebo, Crctou and
Stanton, on Mondays at 7 A.M. Ar
rives Tuesdavk C r.'il.
For David CitV, Tuesdays. Thursdivs
aud Saturdays, 1 V. i Arrives, at 12
U. l. Time Table
G:25 a. in.
11:06 a. m.
2:15 p. m.
4:30 a. m.
2:00 p. in.
1:30 a. in.
Emigrant, No.C, leaves at
Tsscu-'r, 4, "
Freight, " N "
h rright. " 10, " " .
Freight, No. 5, leaves at
rassong'r, " 3, "
Freight. " '.', "
Emigrant. " 7. " "
Evcrv dav except Saturday the three
lines leadiug to Chicago connect with
U P. trains at Omaha. On Saturdays
there will be but one train a day, as
shown by the following schedule:
ti'.I-X.W. 1 7thand2Sth.
h, B. Jfc O. V 14th
(C, It. 1. .t P.l 21st
H'J.A(J. 1 Mh
h, R. I. k P.V 12th
(C- N. W. J l!Uh
ran ana 20111.
(C, R. l.Ar.l 2
J.v.w. J- n
C. B. .t O. I 10
2d -and 23d.
th aud 3lHh.
(C, B. A J. ) 7th
h, R. I. & I. 14th
(C. .t N. W. J 21st
7th and 2Sth.
Farm for Sale.
ONE HUNDRED AND SIXTY
acres cf excellent farm land in But
ler Countv, near Patron P. O., about
ctjui-distaiit from three County Seats
David City, Columbus and Schuyler;
"0 acres- under cultivation; 5 acres of
trees, maple, Cottonwood, Ac: good
frame house, granary, stable, sheds, .tc.
Good stock range, convenient to water.
The place is for sale or exchange for
property (bouse and a few acres) near
Columbus. Inquire at the Journal
office, or address the undersigned at
Patrou P. O. 403
IE OF GOOD CHEER. Let not the
"! low prices of your products dis
courage you, but rather limit your ex
penses to your resources. You can do
o by stopping at the new home of your
fello'w farmer, where joucan find good
accommodations cheap. For hay for
team for one night and day, 25 cts. A
room furnished with a cook stove and
bunks, in connection with the stable
free. Those wishing can be accommo
dated at the house of the undersigned
at the following rates: Meals 25 cents;
beds 10 cents. J. B. SENECAL,
i mile east of Gerrard's Corral.
t)f?r? Wis not easily earned in tuce
Ns. times, but it can be made
) I I ( in three months by anyone
T of either sex. in any partof
the country who is willing to work
steadily at the employment that we
furnish. ?G6 per week in your own
town. You need not be away from
home over night. You can give your
whole time to the work, or only your
spare moments. Wc have agents who
arc making over $20 per day. All who
engage at once can make money fast. At
the present time money cannot be made
so easily and rapidly at any other busi
ness. It costs nothing to try the busi
ness. Termsand$5 Outfit free. Address
at once. II. Hai.ltt & Co., Portland,
Ucan make money faster at work for
us than atanythmgclse. Capital not
required; we will start you. $12 per
day at home made by the indus
trlous. Men. women, boys and girls
wanted everywhere to work for us. Now
Is the time. Costly outfit and terms free
Address True . Co., Augusta, Maine
reek in your own town. $5
Outfit free. No risk. Reader
you want a business at
which persons of either sex
an make great pay all the time ther
work, write for particulars to H. Hal
l.ErrtCo Fortland, Maine.
Dr. JT. S. JIcALLISTEK,
SURGEON AND MEDICINAL DEN
tist. Office on 12th St., three doors
east of Schilz's boct and shoo store,
Columbus, Neb. Photograph Rooms in
connection with Dental Office. 215.y
HUGH HUG HEM,
CARPENTER, JOINER AND CON
TRACTOR. AH work promptly
attended to and satisfaction guaranteed.
Refers to the many for whom he has
done work, as to prices and quality.
"W. .A. CLAJEIKI,
Il-ffrii aM Eineer,
COLUMBUS, NEB. 402-12
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
tSTFor one year a RESIDENT PHY
SICIAN to the NEW YORK CITY
HOSPITAL?, Blackwell's Island, N.Y.
Office ou 1 1th St., next to the JOURNAL.
Mileage 50 cts. Medicines furnished.
WILL repair watches and clocks In
the best manner, and cheaper than
it can be done in any other town. Work
left with Saml. Gass, Columbin, on 11th
street, one door east of I. Gluck's store,
or with Mr. Weisenfluh at Jackson, will
be promptly attended to. 415.
NKLSON MILLKTT. BYRON SIILLETT,
Justice of the Peace and
IV. HIIMLETT Ac SO.1T,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
Nebraska. N. B. They will give
close attention to ail business entrusted
to them. 248.
RYAN & DEG-AN,
1MVO doors cast of I). Ryan's Hotel
on 11th street, keep a large stock of
Wines, Liquors, Cigars,
And everything usually kept at a first
class bar. 411-x
FOE SALE 0 TRADE !
MARES 1 COLTS,
Horses or Oxen,
SAHIH.i: 1CK1I?S, wild or broke,
at the Corral of
429 GERItARD & ZEIGLER.
D0LAND & SUITE,
"Wholesale and Ret&il,
VTEBRASKA AVE., opposite City
1 Hall, Columbus, Nebr. 3TLow
prices and tine poods. Prescriptions
and family recipes a ipccialty. 417
JOIIN IH'BER, the mail-carrier be
tween Columbia and Albion, will
leave Columbus everyday except Sun
day at G o'clock, sharp, passing through
Monroe, Genoa, Watrillo, and to Al
l ion The hack will call at either of
the notols for passengers if orders arc
lea at the post-office. Rates reason
able, to Albion. 222.1y
AtH. Cramer's old stand Opposite
I. Gluck's on 11th Street.
CUSHIONS a specialty. Repairing
neatly done ana charges very low.
C. W. Landkrs. Proprietor.
J. C. Parkkr, Foreman.
Columbus Meat Market!
WEBER &KNOBEL, Prop'a.
KEEP ON HAND all kinds of fresh
meats, and smoked pork and beef;
also frch fish. Make sausage a spec
ialty. jSTReinembcr the place. Elev
enth St one door west of D. Rvan's
Dlctricks' Jlent Market.
Washington Are., nearly opponlte Court Honit.
OWING TO THE CLOSE TIMES,
meat will be sold at this market
low, low down for cash.
Best steak, per lb., 10c.
Rib roast, 8c.
Two cents a pound more than the above
prices will be charged on time, and that
to good responsible parties only. 267.
U. 8. EXAMIXIXG UKGEO."V,
COLUMBUS, : NEBRASKA.
OFFICE HOL'RS, 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to
4 p. in., aud 7 to 9 p. m. Office on
Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of
E. J. Baker's grain office. Residence,
corner Wyoming and Walnut streets,
north Columbus, Nebr. 433-tf
MRS. W L. COSSEY,
Dress and Shirt Maker,
3 Door wt of Stlllman's Dm; Store.
Dresses and shirts cut and made to
order and satisfaction guaranteed. Will
also do plain or fancy sewing of any de
scription. 33" PRICES VERY REASONABLE.
Give me a call and try my w ork.
UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON HAND
readv-made and Metallic Coffins,
Walnut Picture Frames. Mends Cane
Seat Chairs. Keeps on hand Black Wal
Vii!: An. ejpwiti C:srt Ewi, Ccfcara, Kit
Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Storeon Olive St., near the old Post-office
Columbus Nebraska. 447-lr
J ' x k-
lr. E. L. SIGGUVS,
Physician and Surgeon.
at nil hours
J " DENTIST,
t53Ojcc Eleventh St., one door east
of Journal building, up-stairs.
TTE.!fRY . CARE W,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Formerly a member of the English
bar: will give prompt attention to all
business entrusted to him in this and
adjoining counties. Collections made.
Office one door east of Schilz' shoe store,
corner of olive and 12th Streets. Spricht
Deutch. Parle Francais. 418-tf
COLUMBUS BM YARD
(One mile west of Columbus.)
THOMAS FLYNN & SON, Propr's.
GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK
Always on ITaiid In.
QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASERS
Sei id Whits,
51 55 SSI. 75
13th Street, c;p:dte ?::t-:flca.
Men's and boys' suits raado in the
latest style, and good tits guaranteed, at
very low prices. Men's suits JC.00 to
$!.6b, according to the goods and work.
Boys' suits ?3.00 to $4.00, according to
12TCLEANING AND REPAIRING PONE.J-g!
Bring on your soiled clothing. A
whole suit rc'novated audi made to ap
pear as good as new for $1.25 424-y
LUERS & SCHEEIBER
Bhchnith and Wagon Maker.
All kinds of repairing done at short
notice. Wagons, Buggies, &c, &c;
made to order. All work warranted.
Shop on Olive Street, opposite Tatter
sal, Columbus, Nebraska. S52
J. C. ELLIOTT,
AGENT FOR TIIE
STOVER WIND MILL
$20 OSCILLATING FEED MILL,
And All Kinds of Pumps
Challenge Wind and Feed Mills,
Combined Shellerand Grinder,
JIalt Mills, Jlorse Poiccrs,
Com Shellers and
Pnmps Repaired on Short Notice,
Farmers, come and examine our mill.
You will find one erected on the premises
of the Hammond House, in good running
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor.
Wholcsald aud Retail Dealer in
Foreign Wines, Liquors
SCOTCH AND ENGLISH ALES.
tSTKentucky "Whiskies a Specialty.
In their season,
51' THE CASE, CAN OB DISH,
Utk Street, Somth of Depot,
Grain, Produce, Etc.
NEW STORE, NEW GOODS.
Goods delivered Free of Charge,
anywhere in the city.
Corner of 13th and Madison Sts.
North of Foundry 3T
MMsai Fair lie
A WILD GOOSE TALE.
I knew a woman, young and in
telligent, down in Maine, who was
left with a widowed mother in des
titute circumstances by the death of
the father, formerly a merchant of
Boston. They owned a few acres of
poor land, saved from the wreck of
his fortune, but ou it was a tine
fresh-water pond, clean and clear.
This young miss, Mary Abernathy,
we'll call her, had au abundant
amount of enterprise and energy,
and, after reflection, determined to
utilize the pond by raising geese.
She invested the few dollars she had
left in these birds, and devoted her
self wholly to them. She plucked
close, and raised every year a large
number of young, until, at last, the
pond became too small for their ac
commodation. By close economy
she had derived a considerable sum
of money from the sale of the feath
ers and of the old geese, fattened by
the stuffing process. Shu reduced
goose-raising to a science, and the
whole country-side became interest
ed in her success, which was now an
established fact. She was soon able
to buy a larger farm, that had on its
borders a fine lake, aud here, with
improved means, her geese increas
ed wonderfully. She built picking
houses for them, and reduced them
to such a state of docility that by
going out in the lake she could, with
a bugle, call them from its distant
shores, and, iu fact, things went
swimmingly with Mary. She erect
ed a good, comfortable house, fur
nished it in fine style, and lived a
life, if not of case, of great enjoy
ment. Parties of pleasure often vis
ited her, and boating parties were
made up to witucss the great goose
farm. One day Miss Mary 6aw,
with some surprise, a large number
of wild geese swimming around
with hers, on terms of friendship.
They flew off at her approach, but
quickly returned, and to make a
short 6tory, they soon became as
tame as the others, and would go
into the sheds and cat with hers.
Finally she picked them with her
own. As winter approached they
became very restless; would often
rise, fly around, and then return, as
if they would persuade the domes
tic geese to accompany them.
There were several hundred of
them, aud, as flock after flock of
wild geese would cross the heavens,
these wild ones would look languid
ly at them, yet seemed loth to go.
At last, however, far in the cold
weather, the instict of their natures
overcame their love for Mary, com
panions and food, and they winged
their way to the Southern Cross.
Miss Mary thought no more of them.
They had been good friends, and
abundantly repaid the food she gave
them with eggs and feathers.
By this time her flock of geese had
increased to many thousands, and,
with appurtenances, had come to be
worth .$30,000. She was rapidly
growing rich, and many were the
good offers she had of marriage.
But she refused them all. She had
a mania for geese, it is true, but she
wanted them in the lake; she want
ed none in the house.
Xow and then, the thought would
occur to her, "What has become of
my whilom friends, the wild geeso?
Will they ever find their way back ?"
She had, however, little or no
hope of ever seeing them again, as
the same thing had often occurred
iu that country of lakes and water
By-and-by the birds began to 6ing,
the bees to hnm and buzz around,
and mud 60ou took the place of
"beautiful snow," and at last spring,
with all its beauties, unknown or
unappreciated in a less inhospitable
region, burst upon the land. The
trumpet of the crane, marching in
its triangular phalanx through the
air, attracted the attention of the
people first, and then the stridulous
cackling of wild geese filled the air.
But no geeso came to the lake till
late in the spring, when these sounds
of migration had almost ceased.
One day she saw a dark cloud risiug
away down in the South. It came
nearer, darker, closer, and at last the
point began to pour into the lake.
It was the return of the wild geese,
last year's friends. But, like the dog
in the fable bringing a companion to
the doctor, these friends bad brought
a great multitude. Their number
was beyond computation millions
upon millions poured iu, until the
whole surface of the lake was cov
ered, and her own flock was lost in
the immense numbers brought to the
The next morning she expected to
see them leave; but no, they came
to stay, and stay they did. At first
they were shy, as the others had
been, but the sweet morsels of food
poured out by her liberal hand soon
taught them to be quiet at her ap-
proach. The goosery had thriveu. untn you get ready to fill a druuk
This windfall gained wind, aud vis-1 ard's grave. .Front a Lecture.
itors from all parts of the State came
to view the wonderful sight. Now,
from being the modest possessor of
a few thousands of dollars Miss
Mary was a millionaire of uo small
pretensions. She sent to the cities
and procured as much help as was
required, and soon began to pour a
stream of feathers and eggs all
through that year to all parts of the
country. The became so gentle,
visitors could row through and
touch them with their oars. Im
mense sheds were erected and pro
visions purchased in great stores.
One thing troubled Miss Mary
very much aud that was the issue of
another flight to the South. Should
she cut off the joint of the wing to
prevent escape forever, or should
she allow them to go, with the
chance of returning with the coming
spring? This was a question that
often recurred to her mind, and
sleepless nights passed without a
conclusion being arrived at.
The greed of gain got hold of her,
and the gentle maiden of a few years
ago, struggling for a mere liveli
hood, became the cool, calculating
speculator. No Wall Street broker
had a more serious question of
finances to solve. Millions of mon
ey were in the stake, and should she
risk all to make more ? She did not
doubt for a moment their certain
return the next spring, and then
they might so greatly recruit their
hosts that her fortune, already colos
sal, would be doubled or even quad
rupled. Besides, the expense of
keeping them through the coming
winter would bo enormous. She
could not pick them during the
severe weather, either, consequently
uo profit could be expected for that
season. After a great deal of reflec
tion she concluded to leave it to the
care of that providence which had
already so kindly guided them to
her little demense. Her own geese
were not in the calculation, being
swallowed up in this immense mass
of fowls. Though numbering many
thousands, they were not a drop in
the bucket to the wild ones.
As winter came, so came the rest
Icsencss of migration. Flapping
wings, scudding rapidly through the
water, diving, chasing each other
over the foaming surface, going
aloft as if looking at the prospect.
At last, one morning when Miss
Mary went down to the lake, what
a 6ight met her eyes. Not a goose
on the lake. Not a goose in the air.
All, all gone, wild and tame alike,
and the millionaire turned back to
the house, a broken-hearted merch
ant. Swiftly passed the winter
months, sadly passed the spring, and
the summer, with its scorching
heats, came without the flapping of
a goose's wing to cool the parching
air. Nor did they ever return.
Some great storm or cataclysm had
swallowed up her fortune forever.
But it made her a wise woman and
a better. She had amassed a con
siderable sum while fortune was so
favorable and now she began again.
In a tew years she was once more
on the high road to affluence. But
now if the wild goose drops among
hers, she takes the last joint off of
one wing as soon as she can get her
hands on it.
This is, in substance, the story as
told me on a recent visit to Chatta
nooga by Dr. E. M.Wight, late can
didate for Governor. Thouerh he
has, of course, been defeated, no
truer, cleverer or more refined gen
tleman lives. Dr. Wight knew the
woman personally, and vouches for
the literal truth of the story.
Moral Be content with what you
havo and use all honorable and pru
dent measures to keep it. Whatever
business you engage in, follow it
with all your might, and however
humble it may appear, you can make
it respectable. If you do this it
will surely bring success and the
plaudits of the world, even if it is
nothing more than goose raising.
Set. Up Your Ilur at Home.
Barkeepers in this city pay, on an
average, $2 per gallon for whisky.
One gallon contains au average of
6ixty-five drinks, and at 10 cents a
drink the poor man pays $0.50 per
gallon for his wiskcy. In other
words, he pays $2 for the whisky
and ?4.50 for a man to hand it over
the bar. Make your wife your bar
keeper. Lend her $2 to buy a gal
lon of whisky for a beginning, aud
every time you want a drink go to
her and pay 10 cents for it. By the
time you have drank a gallon she
will have $6.50, or enough money to
refund the $2 borrowed of you, to
pay for another gallon of liquor, and
have a balance of $4.50. She will be
able to conduct future operations on
her own capital, and when you be
come unable to support yourself,
shunned and despised by all res
pectable persons, your wife will
have enough money to keep you
Judge Gaslin is decidedly in favor
of throttling crime, and for meting
out to criminals the extreme penal
ty of tho law. After sentencing
RichardB, tho murderer, and before
closing the court, the Judge made
the following remarks, as reported
by the Kearney Nonpareil:
"Prior to adjourning court, under
tho circumstances, it seems appro
priate for me to say a few words.
Siuce 1873 I can call to mind twelve
persons who have been murdered
in this county, aud only man has
been brought to justice therefor.
And this county is not the only one
that has been similarly afflicted.
Within six weeks I have disposed
of twenty-six murder cases. This
district and State are not the only
communities deluged by murder
and crime. What is the cause of
this? The reason to me is obvious.
The moral sensibilities of our peo
ple are becoming dead, and the
laxity with which our laws are en
forced and criminals punished, have
brought these woes upon us. Many
jurors look upon crimes with such
leniency aud indifference, and are
so easily wrought upon by eloquent
harangues of lawyers, that it is diffi
cult to secure a conviction in dis
The reports of decisions of the
courts of last resort of many States
evince a letting down and departure
from the old land-marks of the com
mon law and the humane view of
the law for criminals, as it is often
called, so prevails iu these modern
days, that to men of understanding
in common walks of life, unac
quainted with legal technicalities,
who see so many murderers escape,
there seems to be no humanity or
protection for the people, however
much there may be for murderers.
This feeling of uncertainty as to the
punishment of criminals is bringing
forth its fruits of lynch law aud
mob violence, which must and will
be inveighed in the most emphatic
manner by all good citizens and law
When the laws of our land arc as
inexorable as the laws of God ;
when all criminals are sure to have
meted out to them the penalty of
the law for violation thereof, crime
will decrease. It is the sure and
6wift punishment that follows the
infractions of the law that will erad
icate these evils. When every man
who purposely, and of his deliberate
and premeditated malice, takes the
life of his fellow man, expiates his
crime by bis own lifo, and is not
6ent to the penitentiary to be par
doned out in a few years, as statis
tics show, and turned loose to prey
upon tho public like a wild beast,
murder will become lar less fre
quent. The people of this county are en
titled to great credit for the calm,
orderly, law-abiding spirit shown
since the commission of five mur
ders therein, within six weeks, and
especially during this trial. You
have assembled iu large numbers,
and during this trial there has been
the best of order, and not one word
has been said or act done, to my
knowledge, exhibiting the least dis
position contrary to a strict com
pliance with the law and a fair trial
of the prisoner."
Xlie Change in tho Frosr
Nowhere iu the animal kingdom
is there so favorable an opportunity
for peeping into Nature's workshop
as in the metamorphoses of the frog.
This animal is a worm when it
comes from the egg, and remains
such the first four days of its life,
having neither eyes nor cars nor
nostrils nor respiratory organs. It
crawls. It breathes through its
skin. After a while a neck is groov
ed into the flesh. Its soft lips are
hardened into a horny beak. The
different organs, one after another,
bud out; then a pair of branching
gillH, and last a long and limber tail.
The worm has become fish. Three
or four days more elapse, and the
gills sink back into the body, while
in their place others come, much
more complex, arranged in vascular
tufts, one hundred and twelve in
each. But they, too, have their day,
and are absorbed, together with
their frame-work of bone and cartil
age, to be succeeded by an entirely
different breathing apparatus, the
initial of a second correlated group
of radical changes. Lungs are de
veloping, the mouth widened, the
horny beak converted into rows of
teeth ; the 6tomach, the abdomen,
the intestines, prepared for the re
ception of animal food in place of
vegetable; four limbs, fully equip
ped with hip and shoulder bones,
with nerves and blood vessels, push
out through the skin, while the tail,
being now supplanted by them as a
means of locomotion, is carried
away piecemeal by the absorbents,
and the animal passes the balance of
its days as an air-breathing and
The Fear of Death.
Weariness of mere existence is a
heavy and probably a very common
secret burden one which makes the
thought of annihilation more attrac
tive to somo of us thau any celestial
visions. Those who suffer from it
would not welcome the brightest
prospects of heaven unless they
could hope first for a "long and
dreamless 9leep" in which to wash
out the travel-stains of tho pat.
This is a feeling which is probably
most common in youth or old age,
when tho ties to lifo are fewer than
they are in its prime, and when the
past or the future may well look
almost iutolerably along to the wea
It may be that in the miserable
experience of some sufferers this
deep weariness of life may not ex
clude the fear of death; but so ter
rible a combination can scarcely be
either common or lasting. Proba
bly the normal state of things is
that in which some degreo of fear,
or at least of reluctance, exists an a
pure instinct jrising and falling with
physical causes, ready to give force
to the terrors of considerations, and
controlled by the will, if not utterly
subdued by trustful hope.
In people of active, energetic tem
perament, with keen susceptibility
to sensuous impressions, one may
sometimes observe that no amount
either of religious hope for another
life or of painful experience of this
will overcome the constitutional
shrinking from the anticipated rend
ing asunder of body and soul. They
carry the same feeling, through
sympathy, into their thoughts of the
death of others, which appears to
be almost physically shocking to
the person chiefly concerned.
Such a state of feeling is to those
who do not share it as unaccountable
as it is evident. Looking at death
calmly, as one of the very few cir
cumstances of quite universal ex
perience, any vehement disinclina
tion to some of its accidental
circumstances is but too easily in
telligible. This is probably another
reason why shriukage from it often
seems to increase as youth is left
behind. The very young can not
know how terrible a thing sickness
is; those who have watched many
deathbeds can scarcely forget the
awful possibilities of physical suffer
ing. Aud yet it seems probable that
many of the worst appearances arc
more or less delusive. A very
moderate experience of sick-rooms
suffices to show that actual suffering
bears uo exact proportion to its out
ward manifestations. Be this as it
may, physical suffering is clearly no
necessary accompaniment of death ;
aud the dread of pain which makes
us shrink from the prospects of
mortal illness is quite a different
thing from the real instinctive dread
of death; it should, indeed, and
often does, act powerluliy in re
conciling us to the prospect of death.
Ia:iaity and ItN Cauc.
Want of nutritious food, stimu
lating drinks, a dreary monotony of
toil, muscular exhaustion, domestic
distress, misery and anxiety, account
largely, not only for the number ol
the poor who becomcinsane in adult
life, but who, from hereditary pre
disposition, are born weak-minded
or actually idiotic; among the mid
dle classes, stress of business, ex
cessive competition, failures, and
also in many cases, reckless and in
temperate living occasion the at
tack; while iu the upper classes in
temperanco still works woe and
under this head must be compri
sed dipsomaniacs, who are not
confined in asylums. While multi
plicity of subjects of study in youth
and excessive brain work in after
life to exert a certain amount of
injurious influence, under work,
luxurious habit3,undisciplined wills,
desultory life, produce a crop of
nervous disorders, terminating not
uufrequently of insanity. Children
of feeble intellect who are delicate
ly reared are apt to become imbecile
when brought in contact with the
cares of adult life. A considerable
number of insane persons havo nev
er been whole miuded people; there
has, it will be found ou inquiry,
been always something a little pe
culiar about them, and when their
past life is interpreted by the attack
which has rendered restraint neces
sary, it is seen that there had been a
smouldering Are in the constitution
for a lifetime, though now for the
first time bursting forth into con
flagration. Lastly, modern society
comprises a numerous class of per
sons, well-meaning, excitable and
morbidly sensitive. Some of these
are always on the borderland be
tween sanity and insanity, aud their
friends are sometimes tempted to
wish that they would actually cross
the Hue and save them from con
stant harass. When they do, it is
easy to make allowance for their
yagaries. Oftentimes the line be
tween sanity and insanity u no
broader than a hair.
We ask every farmer, tho first
half day of rainy or idle time, to sit
down and seriously inquiro of him
self if there are not many conven
iences needed about house, barn,
cribs and stables which he could
easily and cheaply construct. Con
fine this investigation not entirely
to conveniences for himself, but ex
tend it to all departments for the
wife, daughters, sous aud hired
help. Do you wade through mud
to the barn in rains and in thaws of
the spring? How easily this could
bo obviated by gravel or plank
walks. Are the members of your
family exposed to tho same incon
venience iu going to the well, tho
smokehouse, tho water closet, the
chicken house, or even to the front
gate? And yet some people think
you arc a good husband aud father.
How arc the step3 to go into your
cellar? Are they in good order,
and are tho steps of the proper
height for your over-burdened wife
to descend or ascend easily? Is the
wood houso distant and inconven
ient, or have you no such conven
ience, leaving the family to dig tho
wood from tho snow iu winter, or
use it dripping with water in sum
mer? For feeding and watering tbc
stock, is it as convenient and labor
saving as it could be? The main
cribs should be a distance from the
barn and stables, but for conven
ience for feeding there should be a
place near the horses for a load or
two of corn and oats for feeding.
There should be easy and safe lad
ders for ascending mows or stablo
lofts. Men and boys arc seriously
injured for life by pulling them
selves up by their arms several
times per day. There should be a
corner for bedding for horses, aud a
trap-door for dropping it down be
hind the horses. If this is not tho
case, the difficulty of obtaining It in
bad weather deprives the horses of
this comfort when they need it most.
Every farm should have a wheel
barrow, which any handy man can
make himself. A hand -truck is
convenient for hauling heavy arti
cles, such as bags of grain, moving
stoves fall and spring, and hundreds
of other purposes. A light but
strong skid for loading and unload
ing salt barrels, etc., can be made
on a wet or leisure day, should be
in a convenient place, aud handy
when demanded. A rack should be
made iu the most public room of
tho bam for hanging up forks,
6Coop-shoveI, spades, idle halters,
etc. Aud thus, if the farmer will
repair to his barn and spend other
wise idle time in planning conven
iences, ho will find he ba9 no such
time to hang heavily on his hands.
And these conveniences will inako
life pleasanler, the family happier,
and home the best placo to stay.
Iowa Stale Register.
Tho proposed tunnel between
Spain and Africa is t till before the
public. This tunnel, according to
the plan at present contemplated, h
to extend from within a short dis
tance of Algeciras, on the Spanish
side, to between Tangier and Ceuta
on the African side. The length of
the submarine tunnel will be nino
miles, with an inclination of one
foot per hundred, and the approach
es will have an extent of six or
seven miles. The greatest depth of
the sea is 3,000 feet; and, as it is in
tended to have a thickness of some
300 feet of rock left between the
roof of the tunnel and the sea bot
tom, the greatest depth of the tun
nel will thus be 3,300 feet below the
level of the sea.
A policeman who had offered his
hand, says the St. Louis Post, to a
young woman and been refused, ar
rested her and took her to the station-house.
"What i3 the chargo
against this woman?" asked tho
Lieutenant. "Resisting an officer,
sir," was the reply. She was dis
charged, and so was the officer.
Rupert writes to know what is
meant by "a change of base." We
don't just exactly know ourself,
Rupert. But we think it means
turning out one bass singer and put
ting in another. Of course this may
not be the correct answer; but, so
long as you don't know any better,
it is just as good as any.
At a popular store, farnoua for the
prompt and polite attention of the
clerks, a woman of perhaps 30 years
was looking at goods, when a young
man stepped toward her and asked,
"Is any ono waiting upon you?"
"Why, what a question I I've been
married this ten years."
Salad-dressing, according to a
Spanish proverb: "A spendthrift
to put In the oil, a miser to put in
the vinegar, a wise man to pepper
and s<, and a madman to stir."
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