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VOL. IX.-NO. 38.
COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 22, 1879. m
WHOLE NO. 454.
tSTOfficc lu the JOURNAL building,
Elccnth-st., Columbus, Neb.
Tekjis I'cr year, ?2. Six months, l.
Three month, 50c. nsle copies, 5c.
A. . Paddock, U. S. Senator, Heatrlcc.
AI.VIN Saunders, U. S. Senator, Omaha.
T. .1. Majorl. Ken.. Peru.
E. K. Valentine, Kep., West Point.
Almnxs Nance, Governor, Lincoln.
. J. Alexander, Secretary of State.
F. W. I.iedtke, Auditor, Lincoln.
C M. Hartlctt, Trent-urcr, Lincoln.
O. .1. Dilworth, Attorney-General.
S. It. Thompson, Supt. Public Ins'.ruc.
II. C. Iawon, Warden of Penitentiary.
V.-lllhiSZ' 1 rri' "tor..
Ir..I. G. Davis Prison Physician.
II. P. Mathcwison, Sujt. Insane Asylum.
i?. Maxwell. ('hieT .Tu-tice,
:,orge It. l.nkc.J Ab.or5:itP judpce.
Aiuasa Cobb, j
KOmtTII JUDICIAL DISTRICT.
C5. VT. Post, .Indcf, York.
M. It. Uce;e, District Attorney, TVahoo.
31. 11. Hoxie, KeNter, Grand Island.
'm. Anyan. Keecivcr, Grand Island.
J. G. Hi-pins County .finite.
.1lm StatifTer, County Clerk.
V. Hummer. Treasurer.
Itcnj. picluiau. Sheriff.
It. L. Hostr-iter, Surveyor.
.Iwlin Walker, CountyCouunissioncrs.
Tohn Wise. )
lr. A. Ilcintz, Coronrr.
S. L. Hirrftt, Supt. of School.
HVrVini Mr'"' J,,ellce" tp--Charles
A. Spciee, Mayor,
lolin Schram, Clerk.
.Tolm .1. Kirkly, Mar-hal.
I. V. Karlv, Treasurer.
S. ;. .MAlliter. Police Jud-o.
J. 5. lloutson, Engineer.
1st II ard-,1. E. North,
2d HW-K. Kavaiiausli.
?.d H'rJ-E. .1. P.aker.
ColiimtitiH rol Olllee.
Open on Sundav tram 11 a.m. to 12 m.
and from 4:30 to ; i. m. ltuinch
hoiiri except Sunday (1 a m. to S r. m.
astt-rn maiU doe at 11:2) A. M.
Wtcrn mails close at 4:2:ir.M.
Mail loa- Columbus for Madison and
Norfolk, on Tue-dajs Thuidays and
Saturdays. 7 a. M. "Arrive- Monday,
Wednesday, and Fridays 3 p. m.
For Monror," Genoa. Watcrville and Al
bion, daily rxeept Sunday (i a. M. Ar
rive, same. i m.
Far Summit, riyssc and Crete. Mon
day, ami Thurj.dayp, 7 a. m. Arrives
Wednesday s alil Saturdm s, 7 V. M.
For lle ille. O-ceoU and York. Tiici
day, Thursday and Saturday-, I P.M.
Arrive t 12 M.
For Wclf. rarr.il and llattle Creek.
Mondav- and Wrdue-day.( A. M. Ar
rives Tucdm - and Fridays at p. M.
For Mu-Il Cr-i-k, Nebo. Cre-ton and
Manton, on Monday, at 7 A.M. Arrive-
Tuc-da - ' p. M.
For I:id Citv, Tue-days, Thudiv
aiul Saturdays, 1 r. m Arrive-, at 12
15. l. Time 'Jftililr.
Kmij:r.nt,No., leaves at .. 0:2 a. in.
Pn-.-n-'r, " 4, " " llHWa.m.
Freight, " s. " ' 2:1.'. p.m.
l-ri-ielit. "1". " .. 4:3t):i.in.
Vrcisht. No. .'., leaves at 2:00 p.m.
Pas-cu-'r, " .", " ' 4:27 p.m.
Frri-bt. " ', ' " 5:W)p.m.
Kmisrant. " 7. ' " l:)
Kverv da except Saturday the three
li-ies leadiiis to Chicago connect with
I P. train- at Omaha. On Saturday
tberw -vx ill be but one train a day, as
. L,. ...- Hi., fnllntv-ill sflipdlllc:
onipitii ' ... .....-- .. ... - - .
(CAN. W. 1 7th a
Pent . .. Jc,lt.J. th
1 (i It. I. & IM 21-t
(l".,t..W. 1 TUiailUMIl.
Mil and 2itli.
Oel - -H. 1L I. V '-f 12th
(C, It. 1. A- P.) 2d and 23d.
JVC... -v'N.W. ) !th and :Wth.
JC, 11. .tQ. 1 HUH
(CILA-O. 1 7tli:md2Sth.
Dec .. . 4i, H. .& P.M4th
(C. .t N. W. ) 2t
Farm for Sale.
ONE mXlKi:i AND SIXTY
acre-if excellent farm land in But
ler Countv, near Patron P. o., about
.iui-dista"ut from three County Seats
David Citv, Columbus and Schuyler;
r0 acre- under cultivation; ." acres or
treeF. maple, cottonwood, tc: ood
frame hou-e, granary, -tabic, hed, Ae.
Good tock ramre, convenient to water.
The place it- for sale or exchange for
property i hou-e and a few acres) near
Columbu.. Inquire at the Jouunal
office, or address the undersigned at
Patron P.O. 403
BE OF GOOD CIIEEIt. Let not the
low prices of your products difc
couragc you. but rather limit your ex
pcnscs to your resource. You can do
-o by stopping at the new home of your
fello'w farmer, where you can tind ood
accommodations cheap. For hay for
team for one night and day. 25 cts. A
room furnished with a cook -tovc and
bunks, in connection with the stable
free. Thoc wichiug can be accommo
dated at the hoie of the undersigned
at the following rate: Meal 23 cents;
beds 10 cents. J. U. SENECAL,
J4 mile cast of Gcrrard' Corral.
iflis noteasilvcarned in these
2V time, but it can be made
i) I I in three months by any one
or cither sex. in any part of
the eountrv who is willing to work
steadilr at the employment that we
furni-h. ?G5 per wek in your own
town. You need not be away from
home over night. You can cive your
whole time to the work, or only your
spare moments. We have agents who
arc making over $20 per day. AH who
engage at once can make money fast. At
the pre-ent time money cannot be made
so easilv and rapidly at any other busi
ue. It coFts nothing to try the buti
ucss. TermsandJ-'i Outfit free. Address
at once. II. IIu.LTT & Co., Portland,
Fein make nionov faster at work for
us than atanvthWelse. Capital not
required: we will start you. ? 12 per
day at home made by the indus
trious. Men. women, boys and cirls
wanted evervw here to work for us. Now
is the time. Costlv outfit and term free
Address True Si Co., Augusta. Maine
$f f a w-eck in your own town. ?5
rr Outfit free. No risk. Reader
VVif you want a business at
which persons of either sex
can make great ptiy all the time they
work, write for particulars to II. IIal
LETTtt Co Portland, Maine.
Ir. .1. S. illcAl.I.lSTKIC,
SUIIGEON AND MEDICINAL DEN
ti&t. Office on 12th St., three doors
cant of Schilz's boct and shoe store,
Columbus, Neb. Thotograph Rooms in
connection with Dental Office. 215.y
OARPENTEIt, JOINER AND CON
TRACTOR. All work promptly
attended to and satisfaction guaranteed.
Refers to the many for whom he has
done work, as to prices and quality.
"W. -A. CLAEK,
Mill-Writ ana Eipf,
COLUMBUS, NEB. 402-12
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
t3TFor one vcar a RESIDENT PHY
SICIAN to the NEW YORK CITY
HOSPITALS. IUackwell's Island, N.Y.
Office on 11th St., next to the Journal.
Mileage .'0 cts. Medicines furnished.
WILL repair watches and clocks In
the best manner, and cheaper than
it can be done In anv other town. "Work
left with Saml. Gas, Columbu-, on 11th
street, one door east of I. Gluck's store,
or with Mr. Weiscnfluh at Jackon, will
lie promptly attended to. 415.
NKLS.OX MILLETT. IJYKOX MILMTTT,
Justice of the Peace and
IV. JHM.ETT A: S3f,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus,
Nebra-ka. N. 11. They w ill give
close attention to all business entrusted
to them. 248.
RYAN & DEGAN,
rpWO door east or D. Ryan's Hotel
X on 11th street, keep a large stock of
Wines, Liquors, Cigars,
And every tiling usually kept at a flrst-cla-
FOR SALE OR TRADE !
Horses or Oxen,
SAD01,K: IB6, wild or broke,
at the Corral of
42!) GERKARD Sz ZE1GLER.
D0LAND & SMITH,
Wholesale oud Rotnil,
VTEHUASKA AYE., opposite City
IN Hall, Columbus. Nebr. EST Low
prices and fine goods. Prescriptions
and family recipes a specialty. 417
JOHN IirilElt, the mail-carrier be
tween Columbus and Albion, will
leave Columbus everyday except Sun
day at G .tc!ock. sharp, p.is.-lng through
Monroe. Genoa, Wal.Tillc, and to Al
' ion The hack will call at either of
the Hotels tor pa-scngcrs if orders arc
leR at the poxt-office. Rates reason
able,?.! to Albion. . 222.1y
Columbus Meat Market!
WEBER & KNOBEL, Prop's.
KEEP ON HAND all kinds of fresh
meats, and smoked pork and beef;
also fresh li-h. Make sausage a spec
ialty. iSTltcmember the place. Elev
enth St., one door west of D. Ryan's
litrlelf .Icnt JInrliet.
Washington Ave., iirarlj opjxisltf Court House.
OWING TO THE CLOSE TIMES,
meat will be sold at this market
low. low down for CAtit.
Rest steak, per lb., 10c.
Itib roast, " Sc.
Roil, " tie.
Two cents a pound more than the above
prices will be charged on time, and that
to gond responsible parties only. 207.
U. S. EXAJIEMrVG Nt'UGEO.V,
OFFICE IIOl'RS, 10 to 12 a. in., 2 to
4 p. in., and 7 to 9 p.m. Office on
Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of
E. J. Raker's grain office. Residence,
corner Wyoming and Walnut streets,
north Columbus, Nebr. 433-tf
MRS. Y. L. COSSEY,
Dress and Shirt Maker,
3 Poor Wc-t of Stlllman'k lira? Store.
Dre-se- and shirts cut and made to
orderandsati-faction guaranteed. Will
also do plain or fancy tewing of any de
scription. t3T PRICES VERY REASONABLE.
Give me a call and try my w ork.
UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON HAND
readv-made and Metallic Coffins,
Walnut Picture Frames. Mends Cane
Scat Chairs. Keeps on hand Black "Wal
TKiheics Atc. :;;::'.'. C:srt Erne, Cctefczs, Kii
F. "W. OTT3
All kinds of
HooVs, r'atlontrr, Cndy and Clears.
OXE DOOK NOKTII Or TOST -OFFICE.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
CIGARS AND TOBACCO.
ALL KINDS OF
Storeon Olive St., near the old Post-oSce
Columbus Nebraska. 447-ly
r. E. la. S1GGI.V,
Physician and Surgeon.
at all hours
Z3T Office: Eleventh St., one door cast
of Jouhnal building, up-stairs.
TTEXRY G. CARE W,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Formerly a member of the English
bar; will give prompt attention to all
business entrusted to him in this and
adjoining counties. Collections made.
Office one door east or Schil.' shoe store,
corner of olive and 12th Streets. Spricht
Deut'di. Parle Francais. 418-tr
COLUMBUS BRICK YABD,
(One mile west of Columbus.)
THOMAS FLYNN & SON, Propr's.
GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK
Alivayis on IXaml In
QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASERS
Is prepared to do all kinds of black
smithing in a workmanlike manner, and
will guarantee to give satisfaction. He
HORSE -SHOEING A SPECIALTY,
and in this branch of the trade will ac
knowledge no peers. Persons having
lame horses from bad shoeing will do
wtdl to bring them to him. He only asks
for a trial. All kinds of repairing done
to oruer. -nu-jm
Sed ail Wfciio,
Blacksmith and Wagon Maker.
All kind of repairing done at short
notice. Vagoiis Ruggies. &c, &r
made to order. All work warranted.
Shop on Olive Street, opposite Tatter
sal, Columbus, Nebraska. 352
AGF.XT FOR THE
STOVER WIND MILL
$20 OSCILLATING FEED MILL,
And All Kinds of Pumps
Chnllcngc Wind and Feed Mills,
Combined Shelter and Grinder,
Malt M ills. Horse Powers,
Corn Shelters and
Pumps Repaired on Short Notice,
Farmers, come and examine our mill.
You will tind one erected on the premises
oftlie Hammond House, in good running
Restaurant and Saloon!
E. D. SIIEEHAX, Proprietor.
"Wuolesald and Retail Dealer in
Foreign Wines, Liquors
SCOTCH AND ENGLISH ALES.
X3T Kentucky Whiskies a Specialty.
In their season,
BY THE CASE, CAN OR DISH,
11th Street, South of Depot,
Grain, Produce, Etc.
NEW STORE, NEW GOODS.
Goods delivered Free of Charge,
anywhere in the city.
Corner of 13th and Madison Sts.
North of Foundry. 3W
A PLUCKY WO.UAX.
The Story of Polly S trader, the
JlV EDWAItD EGGLESTO.V.
Away out upon the frontier, on
the bauks of one of those beautiful
lakes that abound in Minnesota, liv
ed Mr. Ilenry Strader.Polly's lather.
He had emigrated from Pennsylva
nia in 185G, and had made a ''claim"
on the linest quarter section of land
within in a circuit often miles. Ac
cording to the Pre-emption laws, the
person who settles on unoccupied
land and observes certain formali
ties has the right to purchase that
land from the Government, at any
time before it i9 brought iuto mark
et, at $1.25 au acre. But if he docs
not buy it before the day of sale it
is sold at auction to the highest
Mr. Strader had three children
Harry, his eldest, Polly and little
Jimmic. All the money that her
father could make by farming in
summer and trapping in winter he
spent in improving his claim. As
the land was not likely to bo adver
tised for sale for some years, he did
not think it necessary to make any
provisions for buying at once. But
Mr. Strader was taken suddenly ill
and died, and the burden of paying
for the claim and supporting the
family came upon Harry, then only
seventeen years of age. Not wholly
upon Harry, either, for, from the
time her father died, Polly, who was
just fifteen, resolved to share every
burden with her brother. She was
stronger than many boys of her age,
and had always been fond of out
door life. In fact, she was what
you would call a tomboy, brim full
of life, restless and energetic. She
had already learned to paddle a
canoe, and as the prairie chickens
would come into the yard, she had
become au adept with a shot-gun.
The neighbors used to say she was
too wild, that she would never be
good for anything.
But within a week after her father
died, she had taken a hoc and gone
into the field by the side of Harry.
All through the hot days she did
her part; and as the winter drew
on, she practiced with the rifle,until
she could shoot about as well as her
brother. And through the long cold
months she tied on her snow-shoes
as regularly as Harry did his, and
by dint of helping her brother, and
taking lessons from him, she learned
all the craft of the trapper. She
knew the habits of the muskrat,
mink and otter as well as any man
in the region. Harry used to make
her face grow red sometimes, by
declaring that she was n "glorious
By the next spring came the com
mencement of the war. I cannot
stop to tell you of all the discussions
that were held in the Straders' cabin
on the subject of Harry's enlistment.
They ended in Polly telling him to
go, that she would support the fam
ily, and that the land wouldn't come
into market right off anyway. And
whether right or wrong, Harry en
listed. That summer Polly suc
ceeded in cultivating that portion of
the laud that was broken and fenced
in such a way as to get a tolerable
crop. But during the summer there
came the sad news that Harry was
wounded, and must lie for a long
time in the hospital, and then per
haps be discharged on account of
his disability to do further service.
To add to their distress came the
startling intelligence that the laud
was brought into market and must
be pre-empted before the first of
January or it would be sold.
There was a merchant five miles
away by the name of Van Dyke,
who bought furs of the settlers and
sold them provisions. An utterly
mean man, there was no advantage
to be taken that Van Dyke did not
take. He was delighted to hear that
the land in the neighborhood was to
be sold, for he was perfectly satis
lied that the Widow Strader could
not raise the two hundred dollars
necessary to purchase the laud, and
he chuckled as he thought of the
prospect of buying it at the Govern
ment sale, and thus get all the im
provements for nothing. Indeed, it
was shrewdly suspected that as Van
Dyke had some influence with offi
cers of the land office, he had some
thing to do with the bringing of the
land iuto the market at so early a
day ; for, as he was a money-lender
and a speculator, there were many
ways in which a land sale would be
to his advantage.
Polly applied to Mr. Van Dyke
for a loan on a mortgage on the land
but was refused. Hoping against
hope, she went to work to raise all
the money she could very early in
the fall. Leaving her mother and
little Jimmie to secure the crop3, she
commenced to trap. She started
out at daylight every morning, and
was a picture for a painter as she
pushed off her canoe. Her long
hair lay on her shoulders, her head
was covered with a regular huuter's
cap, madeef wolfskin, with a wolfs
tail hanging down Behind. She had
been pretty successful, but at the
prices offered by Mr. Van Dyke she
had nothing like enough to buy the
land. Polly was pretty high-spirited,
and she vowed that Van Dyke
should not have a single skin that
she captured. In vain he assured
her that the price he offered her was
the highest that could be paid. "Mr.
Van Dyke, you have not money
enough to buy mv furs."
At last carne thlfiiews that Harry
was about to start for home. He
had been discharged, and was
scarcely able to walk; but, at any
rate, it was a comfort to know that
he was coining home again. It was
now the middle of November, but
the sky was yet clear, and looked
like fields of gold beneath the
autumn sun. And every night the
prairie fires made the 6ky glow in
every direction. Polly had made a
careful account of her resources, and
said that at least she had enough to
buy the forty acres on which the
house and the principal part of the
improvements were. That was one
consolation at any rate. They would
not be without a home, if they did
have to loose the meadow and
timber land they prized so highly.
One morning, as she was running
bullets and filling up her powder
horn, Mr. Van Dyke came in and
handed her a letter, saying:
"This was in the office for you, and
I thought I would bring it along
over as 1 was coining. Don't want
to sell your turs this morning, eh?"
"I am obliged to you, Mr. Van
Dyke for bringing the letter, but
you can't have any of my furs."
"Well, you might let inc have that
black fox, anyhow, as a personal
favor. I want to send it to my
brother. I've taken a fancy to it.
Itau't worth more thau five dollars,
but I'll give you ten."
Polly had captured a black or
silver-gray fox a few days before,
the only one she had ever seen, for
it is very rare indeed that such a fox
is takeu so lar south. She had no
idea of its value, but ten dollars
seemed to her a large price, and she
was at first inclined to yield; but,
remembering she was dealing with a
scoundrel, she said, "Mr. Van Dyke,
I believe that I told you that you
couldn't have any of my peltries."
"Well, Miss Strader, you'll be
sorry some day that you didn't
oblige me," he said, as he left the
Then Polly opened the letter; all
her hopes were dashed to the
ground. It was from Harry. He
was very ill at St. Paul, and begged
Polly to come to him, otherwise he
thought hn would die.
"Well," said Polly, "if we must
give up all hopes ot buying the farm,
or even lorty acres, I suppose we'll
have to. It'll take a good part of
what I have to get Harry home, and
New Year isn't lar off. Every piece
is precious. But we must save
Harry's life, for the poor fellow
will get well if we once get him
And so, without regarding her
mother's warning that there was a
storm brewing, she started out in
her canoe to go down the lake to get
a team with which to go for Harry.
Her own was an ox team, and beside
Harry couldn't stand the day and
night riding in the stage, for the
distance was oue hundred and forty
miles. She hired a team for a trip
to St. Paul. She couldn't get it till
the Monday following, and so she
wrote a letter to Harry, telling him
that she was coming, and then start
ed to paddle around the shore and
look at her traps. "When she had
got to a place which she and Harry
had called Harbor, on the opposite
side of the lake, she found a dead
deer, partly eaten by' wolves, aud
knowing the wolves would return
after dark, she set several traps for
them. Then she hastend back to
her canoe, for it was now late, and
there could be no doubt that the
November storms, with which the
winter almost always begins in that
climate, were now at hand.
But before she could set foot in
her canoe, the storm came, and in
an instant the air was so filled with
snow that an object twenty feet
away was invisible. It took but a
moment for Polly to appreciate her
situation. To paddle across the
lake in such a 6torm was out of the
question. The wind was coming
up, and it would be alike impos
sible to coast around the shore.
Beside, it was a great distance, aud
ice would begin to form before she
could get half way. There wag no
family living on that side of the
lake. Her only course was to stay
where she was. Her spirit sank for
a moment, but she dashed away the
tears that came up from her deso
late heart, and set about making the
best of it. She found a large log
lying in the ravine. Dragging her
canoe from the water she laid it up
side down parallel with the log,
about three feet away from it. She
then cut brush and laid across them,
to form a roof. Creeping under the
shelter, she was soon buried b'eneath
two feet of snow, and so felt sure of
not freezing. There is no better
protection from cold than snow.
It was a lonely place. She could
hear her heart beat. But when the
wolves commenced to gather for
their midnight repast, and when
they set up their frightened howls,
she could feel the hair rise up on
her head. She would have been
brave enough if sho could have
fought with the wolves, but to lie
there and listen to their unearthly
yelling, not knowing how soon the
hungry pack would find her, was
more than she could endure. Aud
then she thought of poor Harry, and
of the laud sale, aud she wished for
the skins of the wild beasts that
were so near her. lor though the
wolfskin is of little or no value for
the ordinary purposes to which furs
arc applied, it is in considerable
demand for lap robes. And remem
bering that she was on the leeward
side of the wolves, she dug away
the snow at one end of her burrow,
and looked out. Then, growing
bolder, she crept to a clump of little
bushes near by, through which she
could plainly see them. For by
this time it had ceased snowing, aud
the moon was shining, though the
She leveled the gun at them two
or three times before she could get
courage enough to fire. At the first
shot she killed one, and the pack
scattered a little; but the smell of
the fresh blood of the dead wolf
brought them back again. Several
times she fired with like success;
but one of the wolves, in moving
around, caught night of her. When
a wolf sees any living object he im
mediately endeavors to get to the
leeward of it, in order to tell by the
scent what it is. A wolf depends
on his nose in such matters, aud not
altogether upon his eyes. This one,
when he caught sight of Polly, com
menced to make a circle in order to
get where his nose would inform
him what kind of an animal she was.
Crowding the ball down quickly,
sho fired just in time to keep 'the
wolf from finding her out and call
ing the rest of the pack with his
howl. The wolf rolled over in the
Another one came near running
right on her, but she fired in time to
save herself. But this last fright
alarmed her so that she did not fire
again until she had climbed a tree.
From this point she kept up a fire on
them till daylight, when they left.
As the result of the night's work,
Polly found that she had killed
nineteen wolves, and frozen one of
her fingers almost off. Two of the
wolves had been torn by the others
but there were seventeen tolerably
But before she dared undertake to
skin them, she found it necessary to
have a fire to keep her hands from
freezing. By whittling thin bass
wood shavings from her canoc-pad-dlc,
and taking cotton from her
clothing, she was able to start a fire
by striking a percussion-cap in the
midst of the bunch of cotton with a
little powder scattered through it.
It took her till noon to take the
skins from the wolves, and by the
middle of the afternoon the severe
cold had frozen the lake in its nar
rowest part, so that she ventured to
cross. In order to take her wolf
skins across, she was obliged to
make a little sledge of the crotch of
a small tree. Of course there had
been great distress at home on ac
count of her absence, and great was
the joy at her return.
On the next Monday she pnt her
furs on a sled and started for St.
Paul. When she got to Mankato
she took a load of wheat for St. Paul,
getting a good round price for haul
ing it. Arriving in the city her first
care was to find Harry aud to cheer
him up, which she did most effectu
ally. He said her merry laugh was
better than all the medicine in the
world. She told Harry that if she
could get a load back she thought
her furs would be sufficient to pay
for forty acres, and the other hun
dred and twenty they would have to
let "old Van Dyke," as she called
"And so you've turned teamster,
have you, little woodchuck?" 6aid
Harry, raising himself up in bed.
"Anything to save yon and the
old home, Harry."
That day she sold her furs. What
waB her surprise to find that the rare
and beautiful silver-gray fox wa9
worth not only ten dollars, but sixty-five,
for the average value of
black or silver-gray skins is fifty
dollars, and hers was an uncommon
ly fine one.- And then, too, an ex
traordinary demand for minks had
carried them up to three times the
price offered by Van Dyke, and even
her muskrats were worth twice
what he had offered, aud she got
well paid for her wolf skins. And
to this Harry's back pay, that he had
just received, was added, and there
was more than enough to enter the
whole claim. When Polly got home
she did not tell any of her neighbors
that she had stopped at the land
office of St. Peter on her way back
and entered the claim. Aud Van
Dyke, who did not know that she
had taken a load both ways, nor how
many furs she had, came over to sec
Harry, who was now able to walk
"Mr. Strader," said he, "I suppose
you will be able to pre-empt forty
acres of this, aud I mean to buy the
other three forties. Your sister has
been a little saucy, but I want to
oblige you, and if you'll let me buy
in this forty with the house on I
don't mind paying you a little some
thing to start you on a new claim."
"I couldn't make uch an arrange
ment, sir, " said Harry.
"Why ?" said Van Dyke.
"Because my sister, whom you
tried to swindle, entered the whole
claim on her way back from St.
Paul.. And now, sir, there is the
door!" And the crest-fallen "land
lViltl I-Mowcrsorthe Holy Inutl.
The wild flowers which year after
year adorn the face of Palestine in
the early spring with colors so va
ried and glowing that they surprise
the western traveler, are in striking
contrast to everything else around
them The red-flowered anemone,
the white daisy and the yellow
marigold which cover the undulat
ing down of Hebron in the beginn
ing of the year are the lineal de
scendants and the exact counterparts
of those which cheered Abraham
when, an exile from his fatherland,
he pitched his tent in the Laud of
Promise. The tulips, poppies and
anemones wnicu auouiul in the
pastures of Bethlehem, arc similarly
like and related to those which
David saw when he watched his
father's flocks there. The mountains
around the Sea of Galilee are adorn
ed with the same lilies which sup
plied the Saviour with such an ap
posite illustration when he address
ed to the crowds His Sermon on the
Mount. All around has changed.
The inhabitants of the land have
come and gone again, leaving traces
behind them in the ruins, which
abound in the mountain, plain and
desert alike. Palestine is the laud
of ruins, and these ruins tell the
story of the successive poseMors of
the soil, of the Cananite, the Israe
lite, the Koman, the Christaiu and
the Mohamedau ; yet the bright and
beautiful plants of the mountains
and valleys remain unchanged
through all changes. One or two
intruders have established them
selves among the native vegetation
but without affecting the general
aspect, except in one case, that of
the prickly pear (pjnmlia vulgaris
Linn,) which is very abundant in
Palestine, as it is in all the countries
surrounding the Mediterranean.
Itcason Tor Encouragement.
We have settled down to the rate
of values recognized by the world
in its normal relations. Men know
what they aud others possess, and
financial language has a definite
meaning. This will enable men to
transact business with confidence,
with a full knowledge of what they
are doing. We have great reason
for encouragement. The crop of
cereals grown the last year was
nearly one-third greater than in 187G
and the rapid filling up of the west
with the unemployed of eastern
cities, will largely swell the produc
tions of the future. Our mining
interests arc assuming marvelous
proportions and adding millions to
the country '8 wealth.
The balance of trade in our favor
will reach nearly $400,000,000 this
year, and the prospect is that the
future will show a large increase.
American manufacturers are find
ing a ready market for all classes of
their productions in nearly all for
eign countries. We have opened
up a trade in fresh beef that is to
grow into giant proportions taxing
to the utmost the capacity of the
great branches and plains of the
west, while in canned meats, fruits
and oysters the demand is daily in
creasing, uur live siock ami norses
are being shipped with marked suc
cess and our street-cara drawn by
American horses with Yaukec driv
ers are found in many of the cities
of the world. Seward Reporter.
"Though I have only one eye I'll
bet you I can see more'n you can."
"Douc!" "I can see your two eyes
in your face, and you can only see
one in mine. Hand me over the
A Dirty TrlcU."
Lawyers sometimes resort to ques
tionable methods in order to destroy
the effect which the testimony of a
truthful aud intelligent witness ha3
upon a jury. Mr. Webster onco
tried, in an ungnllant way, to break
down a woman's evidence, and ho
met more than his match. It was
in the somewhat-famous case of
Mrs. Bodgcu's will, which was tried
in the Supreme Court. Mr. Wob
ster appeared as counsellor for tho
Mrs. Grcenough, wifo of Iter.
William Grcenough, laic of West
Newton, a tall, straight, queenly
looking woman, with a keen black
eye, a woman of great self-possession
aud decision of character, was
called to the staud, a witness on tho
opposite side from Mr. Webster.
Webster, at a glance, had tho sa
gacity to foresee that her testimony,
if it contained anything of import
ance, would have great weight with
the court aud jury. He therefore
resolved, if possible, to break her
down. Aud when she auswercd to
the first question put to her, ' I be
lieve," Webster roared out:
"We don't want to hear what you
believe; we want to hear what you
Mrs. Grcenough replied, ''That is
just what I wad about to say, sir,"
aud went on with her testimony.
Notwithstanding his repealed ef
forts to disconcert her, she pursued
the even tenor of her way, until
Webster, becoming fearful of tho
result, arose, apparently in great
agitation, and, drawing out his largo
Biiull-box, thrust his thumb and fin
ger to the very bottom, and, carry
ing the deep pinch to both nostrils,
drew it up with a gusto. Then
extracting from his pocket a very
large handkerchief, which flowed to
his feel a3 he brought it to the tront,
he blew his nose with a report that
rang distant aud loud through the
Webster: "Mrs. Grccnoush. waa
Mrs. Bodgen a neat woman ?"
"I cannot give you full informa
tion as to that, sir. She had ono
yery dirty trick."
"What was that, ma'am?"
"Sho took snuff!"
The roar of the Court House waa
such that the Defender of the Con
stitution sat down, and neither roso
nor spoke agaiu until after Mrs.
Grcenough vacated her chair for
another witness, having ample time
to reflect upon the inglorious histo
ry of the man who had a stone
thrown nt his head by a woman.
'1'lic llri'iitli oi I,He.
What do you breathe at night?
"Air," do you say? What sort
thin or thick, pure or foul? You
can't tell ? never analyzed it? Wo
beg your pardon that is a mistake.
Your lungs, and through them your
blood, analyze every breath of air
you take in, sleeping or waking;
and if it is bad your aching head,
your listless, heavy body, your
flushed cheeks and "fuzzy" mouth,
give the results in the morning with
a certainty that no chemist's tests
But how can you Cell whether the
air is good, you ask ? By remem
bering first, that there is no pure
air except that of the great out
doors. It may be warmed without
very material injury, for comfort in
the house though tlii3 is very sel
dom done; but warm or cold, pure
air is a thing of life and motion and
freedom, and there is no bedroom
big enough to hold pure air for tbo
use of a single human being (not to
mention two) through one night. If
we were shut up in a " princely
bed-chamber," and couldn't get tho
window open, we would throw a
boot-jack through the largest pane
rather than sleep without ventila
tion. By some means or other we
leave you to supply itair from tho
great reservoir of the world must
be introduced to your sleeping-room
if you wish to keep it pure.
As to tests, we are glad to see that
a scientific lecturer has reminded
people that nature gave them their
noses to use, and he advises them to
employ this picket-guard of tho
body to sec if the air of their bed
rooms is right. " When you get
up," he says, " leave your bed-room
just as it was; go out into the puro
morning air and breathe that till
your nose is wide awake, then go
back and take a few snuffs of your
bedroom air; If it smells fresh and
sweet like out-door air, you have
good ventilation, and have breathed
the breath of life all the night." Lf
on tho contrary it smells close,
musty, "thick," sickening, your nose
will have told you what your senso
ought to have made clear without
With all the taxes about and hard
times, the air at lea3t is free. Bo
sure and get your share of it.