The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911, December 18, 1878, Image 1
VI r u J A . THE JOURNAL. THE JOURNAL. (fuUunlui ItATS OP ADVKliTISJG Space. Uo 2to Into 3m dm lyr leol'mn 1 JV2.W $fli I friS 1 185 fW INu K ' I 8.I 12 1 15 20 1 33 CO K L G'tH) " I V- '"'I j? J I5 4 inches r.'.'. " 1..10 1 1..7. 1 I M I r.nsinem and profeional cards linos or less space, per annum, ten dol lars. Legal advertisements at statute rate. Local notices ten cents a lln first Insertion, flvo cents a line each suhsrqnent Incrtion. Advertisment classified as special notices five cent a lin? ilrst insertion, threo cents a line each subsequent insertion. VOL. IX.--NO. 33, COLUMBUS, NEBRASKA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1878. WHOLE NO. 449. ilf Iiiitpl r.fioi ii i i is, 27 10 I V'l lf 20 '..'l 4 I 5 1 8 10 ten I y , IS ISSCKO EVERY WKDXESDAY, M. K. TURNER & CO., Proprietor and Publishers. t3Offlc In the JOURNAL building, Rlercutb-et.. Columbus, Neb. Terms Per Tear, ?2. Six months, 1. Three months, 50c. ngle copies, 6c. CONGRESSIONAL DELEGATION. Alvik Sauntikrs. U.S. Senator, Omaha. A. 8. Pai-OOCK, U. S. SenHtor, Heatrlcc. Feakk Welch, Kcprcsentativc.Norfolk. STATE "DIRECTORY: Pilas Gakbkr, (Jovcrnor, Lincoln. Bruno Tzuchuck, Secretary of Stats. J. B. Weston, Auditor, Lincoln. J. C. McBrtde, Treasurer, Lincoln. Geo. II. Roberts, Attorney-General. S. R, Thompson, Supt.ruhlic Ins'.ruc. II. C. Dawbon, "Warden of Penitentiary. yf'.Yfu Ab,b,c-V I rrison Inspectors. C II. Gould, Dr. J. G. Daris, Prison Physician. II. P. ilathe wson, Supt. Insane Asylum. JUDICIARY: Daniel Gantt, Chief Justice, George B. Lake, As,0clate Judges. . Maxwell, J VOCRTII JTIHCIAL, lUbTUlCT. O. W. Post, Judge, Tork. U. R. Reese, District Attorney, A ahoo. LAND OFFICERS: 5. W. Arnold. Rcplster, Grand Island. Win. Anyau, Receiver, Grand Inland. COUNTY DIRECTORY: J. G. II logins, County Judge John Staufler, County Clerk. V. Kumnwr, Treaurcr. ltenj. Splelman, Sheriff. R. L. RoKSsitcr, Surveyor. R. II. Henry, ) t . Wm. ttloedorn.J- CouutyCommisMoncrs. John Walker, J Ir. A. Heintc, Coroner. S. L. llarrctt, Supt. of Schools. S Sl?M,!,!;lcr4 JuctlccsofthePeacc. Rrron Jlillott, J Obarles "Wake, Constable. CITY DIRECTORY: C. A. Sptlce, JIayor. John Schram, Clerk. Jolin J. Rlckly, iUrxlial. J. W. Karlv, Treihiirer. S. S. McAllister. Police Judge. J. G. Routkou, Kncincer. COCXCILMBK: la. Ward .1. E. North, E. Pohl. 2J Ward E. C. Kavanaugb. C. E. Morse. Zd WardZ. J. Raker, E. A. Gerrard. Coluralin Pwt Office. Open on Sunflavs trem 11 a.m. to 12 m. and rrom 4:30 to fi i. m. Business hour except Sunday fi a. m. to d P. M. astern mails close at 11:2) a. m. WeterH mails c!ot.e at 4:20 r.M. iiwil leave Columbus for Madison and Norfolk, on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Satnrdav., 7 A. M. Arrives Monday., Wedmdvi, and Fridays, 3 v. at. For Monro, Genoa. Water, ille and Al bion, daily except Sunday 0 A. M. Ar rive, same, C v. M. For Summit, lTlysc and Crete. Mondavi- and Thuo.davs, 7 A. M. Arrives Wednesdays, and Saturda. s, 7 i. M. For lUllcxill'e. Occnla and York, Tuch davi., Thursdays and Saturdays, I I'.M. Arrives tl2M. rr Wclf. Farral and Rattle Creek, Mondavs and Wcdiicday,6 A.M. Ar rives 'l'uesdavs and Friday at C l M. For Shell Creek, NVbo, Oreston and Mantnn, on Mondays at 7 A. M. Ar rives Tuesdays 6 r. M. Tor Dald Citv, Tuesdays, Thursdivs aad Saturdays, 1 r. n Arrives, at 12 w. 15. I. Time Table. JSaslvard Hound. Emigrant, No.0, leaves at PassciiR'r, " 4, " Fmiglit, " S, " ' might, "to. " Westward Bound. Frticht, No. 5, leaves at lH'tig'r, " S, " " Freight, " 1, " " U intermit. 7. C:2ri a. m. 11:00 a. m. 2:15 p. in. 4:.'l0 a. in. 2:00 p. 4:12 p C:00 p.m. 1:30 a. m. Everv dav except Saturday the three linos leading to Chicago connect with U. P. train at Omaha. On Saturdays them will be but one train a day, as -V ..-. l.t- lha frillnvvinir (.fhedulp: " "J ": -".:..' . ... ,L.i. (CAN. W. ) 7th h. It.iQ. Kth )c. R. l.Jfc P. 2lst fi:..v :. vt. i aiiauuiu. k'ept fith and 20th. OH . . h, R. I. V P.V 12tl (C. .t N. W. J m 12th lUth u, R. 1. & I'. . . jn. w. y k' R. .t O. I ic (1 and 23d. Nov (tth and 30th. lGth u, R.A-IJ. j "th . . -Ic. R. I. ,t P.V 14th (C. & N. W. j 21-t 7th and 28th. Dec Parm for Sale. ONE nUNDRED AND SIXTY acres of excellent farm land in But ler Countv, near Patron P. O., about j-lui-diMaiit from three County Seats David City, Columbus and Schuyler; GO acres under cultivation; f acre of trees, maple, cottouwood, Ac: good frame house, granary, stable, shed, &c. Good fctoek range, convenient to water. The place is for sale or exchange for property (house and a few acres) near Columbus, lnquiro at the JoukXAL ofliee, or address the undersigned at Patron P.O. 403 JOIIN TANNAUILL. FAKJILRS: I"E OF GOOD CIIEER. Let not the low price of your products dis courage you, but rather limit your ex pellees to your resources. You can do so by stopping at the new home of your fellow farmer, where you can lind good accommodations cheap. For hay for team for one night and day, 2Ti cts. A room furnished with a cook stove and bunks, in connection with the stable free. Thoc wihing can be accommo dated at the house of the undersigned at the following rates: Meals 25 cents; beds 10 cents. J. R. SENECAL, Ji mile cast of Gcrrard s Corral. Jf MOSB ttOUS Formerly Pacific House. This popular house has been newly Rentted and Famished. Meals. . oft cts. Day Board per week, . f 4.00. Board and Lodging, 6 and (G. Good Livery and Feed Stable in con nection. b'STJSFA TIOX GUARANTEED. JOHN HAMMOND, Proprietor. $?l,s not casJJ" earned in these times, but it can be made III in three months by anyone of cither sex. in any part of the country who is willing to work steadily at the employment that we furnish. $GC per week in your own town. You need not he away from home over night. You can cive your whole time to the work, or only your spare moments. We have agents who are making over f 20 per day7 All who engage at once can make money fast. At the present time money cannot be made so easily and rapidly at any other busi ness. It costs nothing to trr the busi ness. Terms and$5 Outfit free. Address at once, H. nLLTT & Co., Portland, Maiiif. 375-v. BUSINESS CABDS Ir. JT. S. McAlLISTER, SURGEON AND MEDICINAL DEN tist. Office on 12th St., three doors east of Schilz's boot and shoe store, Columbus, Neb. Photograph Rooms in connection with Dental Office. 215.y HUGH HUGHES, CARPENTER, JOINER AND CON TRACTOR. All work promptly attended to and satisfaction guaranteed. Refers to the many for whom he has done work, as to prices and quality. 2G4. W. A.. CX.AJRK:, Mill-Writ ai Eiieer, COLUMBUS, NEB. 402-12 -r S.CHRISTISON,M.D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, ESTFor one vear a RESIDENT PHY SICIAN to the NEW YORK CITY HOSPITALS, BiackwelPs Island, N.. Ollice on 1 Ith St., next to the Journal. Mileage 50 cts. 3Iedicincs furnished. m. wi:ise:jFh;h, WILL repair watches and clocks In the best manner, and cheaper than it can be done in anv other town. Work left with Saml. Gass, Columbus on 11th street, one door cast of I. Cluck's, store, or with Mr. Weienfluh at Jackaon, will be promptly attended to. 415. NKLbON 5IILLETT. UYKON MILLKTT, Justice of the Peace and Notary Public. IV. 9III.Ia?lvr At sor, ATTORNEYS AT LAW, Columbus, Nebraska. N. R. They will give close attention to all business entrusted to them. 218. RYAN & DEGAN, rpWO doors east of D. Ryan's Hotel JL on 11th treet, keep a large stock of Wines, Liquors, Cigars, And everything usually kept at a flrst class bar. 411-x FOE SALE OR TRADE ! MARES 1 COLTS, -Teams of Horses or Oxen, SAIII.S: kOXIE, wild or broke, at tho Corral of 42!) GERHARD & ZEIGLER. D0LAND & SMITH, DEUG-G-ISTS, "Wholosalo and Retail, NEIUIASKA AVE., opposite City Hall, Columbus. Nebr. JSTLow price and fine goods. Prescriptions and family recipes a specialty. 417 STACC KOI'TE. JOHN HURER, the mail-carrier be tween Columbus and Albion, will leave Columbus everyday except Sun day at 0 o'clock, sharp, p.issiux through Miiiirop, Genoa, WaUrilIe, and to Al bion The hack will call at either of the Hotels lor passengers if orders are left at the post-ottice. Rates reason able, 2 to Albion. 222.1y Columbus Meat Market! WEBER &KNOBEL, Prop's. IrKEP ON HAND all kinds of fresh W. meats, and smoked pork and beef; also fresli fish. Make sausage n spec ialty. SSETRemember the place. Elev enth St., one door west of D. Ryan's hotel. 417-tf IIctricU,, 3Icnt rUnrket. lTaililngtoa Itc., nrsrly ojiposltf Cosrt Honsr. OWING TO THE CLOSE TIMES, meat will be sold at this market low, low down for cash. Rest steak, per lb., lc. Rib roast, " &-'. Hoil, ' c. Two cents a pound more than the above prices will be charged on time, and that to good responsible parties only. 207. DOCTOR B0NESTEEL, U. S. EXAMIXirVG SUUGEOS, COLUMBUS, : KEBRASKA. OFFICE UOFRS, 10 to 12 a. m., 2 to 4 p. m., and 7 to 0 p. m. Oraee on Nebraska Avenue, three doors north of E. J. Raker's grain office. Residence, corner Wvominsr and Walnut streets, north Columbus, Nebr. 433-tf MRS. W. L. COSSEY, Dress and Shirt Maker, 3 Poors Wot of StUImsn's Drns Store. Dresses and shirts cut and made to order and satisfaction guaranteed. Will also do plain or fancy sewing of any de scription. JST PRICES VERY REASONABLE. Give me a call and try my work. 42o-ly HENRY GASS, UNDERTAKER, KEEPS ON II AND readv-made and Metallic Coffins, Walnut Picture Frames. 3Icnds Cane Seat Chairs. Keeps on hand Black Wal nut Lumber. Vuilrstsi Ats. erjalts Cnrt Erai, C&stei, Vib F. W- OTT, SKLLS All kinds of MUSICAL IIST1VHEITS Books, Stationery, Candr and CIgara. ONE DOOK XORTTI OF TOST -OFFICE. 400-tf SA1ESS MIS SADDLES ! J. C. PARKER, Proprietor. FIRST door north of Hammond House and feed stable, opposite the old post-office. Good work and the best material at low prices, is the motto. Satisfaction given or no sale. Repairing done promptly. I5TFinc harness and carriage trimming, a specialty. Call and examine for yonrselvee. 406 stswtsy&37 m& Dr. K. I... SIGGIXS, Physician and Surgeon. JSTOfficc open at all hours M UWii " Ioat Yost Bet," For if vou do you will lose money by purchaiilig nn expensive Wind Mils, when jKio can buy one of J. O. Shannon for about one-half tho money that any other costs. Call on J. O. Shannon, on 1Kb. street, opposite Mahlon Clother's btore, Columbus, Neb. 411-13 TTE5KY G. CARE W, Attorney and Connselor at Law, COLUMBUS, NEBKA6KA. Formerly a member of the English bar: will give prompt attention to all business entrusted to him in this and adjoining counties. Collections made. Office one door cast of Schilz' shoe store, corner of olive and 12th Streets. Spricht Deutch. Parle Francais. 418-tr COLUMBUS BM YAEE, (One mile west of Columbus.) THOMAS FLYNN Jfc SON, Propr's. GOOD, HARD-BURNT BRICK Always on TTancl In QUANTITIES to suit PURCHASERS 371-tf BERNARD McTEGGART, BLACKSMITH, Is prepared to do all kiiuK of black Miiithing in a workmanlike manner, and will guarantee to give satisfaction. He makes HORSE -SHOEING A SPECIALTY, and in this branch of the trade will ac knowledge no peers. Persons having lamo horses from bad shoeing will do well to bring them to him. He only asks for a trial. All kinds of repairing done to older. 440-3m CALIFORNIA WINES! Esi ssS Wlite, 31.25SS1.75 A GALLON -AT- SAML. GASS'S, FJcTenth Street. LUERS & SCHREIBER Blickmiti ad Wagon Mater, All kinds of repairing done at short notice. Wagons, Buggies, Ac, &c, made to order. All work warranted. Shop on Olive Street, opposite Tatter sal, Columbus, Nebraska. 3.V2 Geo. T. Spooner, PLASTEREfi 111 ffllSUTIL All work promptly attended to and satisfaction guaranteed Refers to the many for whom he has done work. His motto in regard to price is, Live and lot live. Tie Suing of b&s a Specialty. 35Hcado.uartcrs at the "Nebraska House." Call nnd sec me. 413-4 in coLD.iinis Restaurant and Saloon! E. D. SHEEHAN, Proprietor. Wholesald and Retail Dealer in Foreign Wines, Liquors AND CIGARS, DOUBLIN STOUT, SCOTCH AND ENGLISH ALES. SSTKcntucfaj Whiskies a Specialty. OYSTEHS, In their season, BY THE CASE, CAN Oli DISH, 11th Street, South of Depot, WM. BECKER, ) DEALER IJJ( GROCERIES, Grain, Produce, Etc. NEW STORE, NEW GOODS. Goods delivered Free of Charge, anywhere in the city. Corner of 13th and Madison Sta. Worth of Foundry. 38 SsCW J rdmfst iJbVIWIVvI JiSiiiik MMaiEM For the Journal. THE CATTLE DISEASE. Caused by Eating Smutty Corn. ITS SYMPTOMS, TREATMENT AND PREVENTION. In June, 1SG8, a disease broke out among the cattle near Cairo, His., and inasmuch as large herds fOf Texas cattle were being lauded there at that time it was thought that the native cattle were affected by a dis ease imported with the Texas cuttle Horace Capron, then Commissioner of Agriculture, visited a fair at Springfield, Ills., and while there his attention was called to this con tagion, and he secured the services of Professor John Gamgec, of Lou don, England, who visited the iu fected districts and in his report made to the Department of Agri culture, he gives, among others, the following as cause of cattle disease, and a remedy, which I have thought might benefit our farmers at this juncture: "Cattle fed on smutty corn stalks first denote ill health by constipa tion. It is true that a farmer may be only attracted by an unusual lying down, with an unthrifty-looking, stary coat, dry muzzle, and perhaps trembling; or a steer may be notic ed ' tucked up ' with hind limbs drawn under it, head depressed, shivering, dullness ol eyes, an anx ious expression of countenance. In a third variety, the animal seems excited, breathes quickly, and is apparently somewhat delirious; in deed, in the conditions described by Mr. Cumming, of Ellen, Aber deenshire, as resulting trom impac tion of the third stomach, as in cases of lead poisoning. Nothing is more strange than this delirium, associated as it is with blindness. A farmer writing me from the west, says that when he tried to put a rope around the head of a sick cow which he found standing with nil the symptoms of sickness pre sented by other animals of tho herd which had been with her in the cornfield, she turned to fight and fought furiously. I have seen an animal in this condition tied up in a stable, rush forward, fall on her knees, and then, extending herscil on her side, stiller from a couvulsive fit. Or in other cases, when at tempts are made to lead such an animal about, it runs forward, plunges, strikes against any obsta cle, roars, moans, grunts in breath inir, and appears to suffer acutely If touched or disturbed. In other words, with the impactions of the third stomach, which is the essen tial lesion of the disease, whether induced by smutty stalks, old or indigestible stalks that have no smut, or other kind of food or poison, there are two distiuct con dition" induced. The one of stupor, lUtlcssncss, vertigo, depression of spirits; and these arc indicated by animals standing sullenly until they drop or arc relieved. Tho second is a state of exquisite sensitiveness, hyperesthesia of the skin and sys tem generally. The animals are not only excited, but in a state of actual suffering, and die very speedily in a state of coma or in couvulsions. The disease docs not last long. 1 have seen an animal linger on lour or five days, but usually the whole course of the malady is run in from twenty-four to forty-eight hours. An animal first seems to show costiveness, with dry mucus over the scanty excrement; although ap parently undisturbed, and even feeding, may be dead in from twelve to twenty-four hours. The diagnosis of the disease at an early period of its manifestation, is therefore important, and it rests on the knowledge of how the animals have been treated and fed, (as the simultaneous attack of several show), and especially on the obser vations of a fact that I have usually traced, that the animals which have eaten most ravenously have been the first and most severely affected. Old cattle may sometimes avoid the smutty food, and young animals cat heartily; these will be found the first and only ones to die. TOST SIOI.TE3I APPEARANCES. The state of torpor of the alimen tary canal of animals affected with this disease is indicated on opening the belly, and exposing the stomach to view. In the first, paunch, corn husks and corn are found in a dry condition, sometimes the rumen (the cud), is very full, and gas may have become disengaged in it so as to cause a great distention, which is relieved by puncture. The contents of the second stomach, or reticulum, are in the same condition as those of the first, though sometimes mix ed with some fluid. The third stomach, manyplies or omasum, is firm, distended, and on being open ed the food is found between the folds, with marked impressions of the papilla) or little eminences which stud the mucus membrane. The fourth stomach contains but a scanty quantity of greenish, semi-digested matter, is usually reddened some what diffiusely, and the redness in creases at times toward the opening of the small intestines. Persons have reported a peculiar black color of one lung. This is due only to stagnation of blood after death, in the organ nearest the ground; and the same stasis or settling of blood is apt to pervade other tissues and organs in tho sido on which an ani mal has been lying. THEATJIENT. I have found the accidents result ing from feeding smutty corn to cattle very amenable to treatment. Almost ail animals dio unless re lieved, but it is not difficult to treat them very successfully. At first a purgative must be administered ; such as a pound or a pound and a half of Epsom salts, or Glauber salts alone, combined with aloes, sulphur and ginger. The following is a desirable purging drink: Sulphato of Magnesia 1 pound. Powdered Aloes 4 drachms. Powdered Ginger 2 drachms. Water 1 quart. This is to be given iu warm lin seed tea, oat meal gruel or pure water. A pound or two of treacle (molasses) with eight drachms of aloes or with a pint of linseed or sweet oil may be used when the salts arc not to be had. Common salt will create thirst, and for this purpose may be given in such quan tities as will not make the liquid too salty to be palatable. Warm water injections are of the highest import ance, and for this purpose the enema fuuuel, which can be made by any tinsmith at a cost of about fifty cents is the best instrument yet de vised. This is an ordinary funnel, capable of holding one quart, with the pipe bent at right angles, about ten inches long from the bend, with the extremity rounded with boft solder to prevent the rectum from being injured by the sharp edges of the tin. About a quart or two of lukewarm water, without any addi tion but a little sweet oil to lucu brate tho tube of the instrument, may be poured into the rectum ev ery half hour. On the second day it may be found that the medicine does not act very freely. The best agent to be given then is carbonate of ammonia in half-drachm doses, twice a day, largely diluted with linseed tea or gruel. Care must be taken in giving this medicine not to excoriate the mouth. As soon as the appetite returns, a diet of grass, boiled turnips and sweet hay com pletes the animal's restoration. PREVENTION. It is evident that all such acci dents a3 the above described may bo completely prevented by not allowing cattle to cat indigestible cornstalks, whether their iudigesti bility arises from age, dryness, or smut. Mixed with abundance of soft food, 6tich material may do no harm, and indeed has constantly been used with impunity ; but losses are veiy severe if cattle are com pelled either to starve or to eat what mav well be compared to broom sticks." I have given the above rather lengthy article, that the renders of your paper who have stock may un derstand the disease which afflicts their cattle, its causes and the reme dy which scientific men have pre pared for the cure of the same. j. o. s. Eastern Enterprise. Ehitok Journal : As we glided eastward from Columbus everything seemed lovely. Stopping at Fre mont for dinner, we were interested by the number of hucksters that were trying to sell their edibles. A dozen men, women and children all crying at once, is comparatively interesting to the listener. Gliding towards Omaha, although it was Sunday, nearly every one was at work. In the city, the fine carriage had taken the place of the lumber wagon, and all seemed bent on pleasure, if not amusement. On tho great bridge, a little, world's-thor-oughfare condensed,wcre black faces and bronzed faces, pig-tailed switches and shaved heads. Forty minutes for supper at Council Bluffs. Tho "ways" meet here, truly, for you can go by rail to every point of tho compass. Eastward bound, the 6cenery is veiled by darkness, and soon comes the misery of a home-keeping steady sleeper, trying to court the drowsy goddess, with the rumble of the cars,the eter nal din of the train.forever in his ears. Slowly advancing towards Daven port, into the magnificent valley of the Mississippi, we arrive at the city 8:20, a. m., spending the rest of the day with my friends. The next day, in company of D. Clother, I "do" the town, seeing AVashington Park, Mercy Hospital, the Academy of Science, the public schooIs,&c One of these last, ward school No. 1, cost $40,000, and the others in propor tion. Davenport is a thriving city, with a population of 28,000. It has twelve miles of street car track. The Mississippi iron bridge, built by the general government, crosses at the head of the island facing the arsenal and government works. The bridge is (as all should be) free to all. A splendid foot passage on both sides below, and a double ironed track for teams. Both ends are watched by government guards. Above is the rail. "When the Silver engine attaches its coaches and gracefully moves out over the waters, it give3 one some notion of the science, the art, the invention of our time. The genius of man is wonderful. Rock Island City next comes in view, then Moline. At the latter place is located the only Sweedish college in the United States. "When instituted two years ago a grand celebration was given which lasted ten days. Ministers from Sweden and from all the United States were in attendance. The building is a beautiful piece of architecture. Moline contains many large, hand some, durable factories, the power for which is all obtained from the Government water power. These three cities all join in one, the only divide is the river, the buildings extending nino miles. These interest me particularly be cause this was my former home eight years ago. Towards Chicago, the London of of the prairies, tho trip is very agreeable, the country looking as of old, plenty of timber and the land rolling. We arrive in Chicago 3 :40 p. m., and, of course, as they always havo been buildiug, they arc building yet. The Court House, now boing erect ed, occupies one block. Some of the stones used weigh thirteen tons, from which fact you havo somo idea of its size. My brother I found in good health and spirits on Cot tage Grove Ave., in a telegraph of fice. The following day wo visited the Good Shepherd's Bazar, a build ing 1000 feet long and 210 wide, all in oue room, with gallery all around. Here is where we "saw the ele phant," being a stuffed oue about as large again as the largest of Fore paugh's, his tusks each being twelve feet in length. One other eye-opener was the skeleton of a Pacific whale whose jaws were fifteen feet long, and from the end where Jonah made his entry to the end of his tail was 91 feet. Iu this "curiosity shop'" we lingered all afternoon. Tho next day, Sunday, we visited Washington Park a grand place. From there we visit the "Boule vards." These arc aristocratic resi dences, on blocks larger than usual, all in oue combined building of the handsomest architecture. The centre of the block faces a magnificent park. The door and window frames also the steps are of marble ; and the banisters are silver polished. The street cars here are "immense." The cars run each way every four minute, double track, requiring 252 horses. Here you see street-car barns holding very near 100 cars, and all those horses. Leaving Chicago, 7 a. in., on the M. C. It. K., in view of the lake for some time, we pass through a coun try of sand boulders, stumps and timber. The land marshy and every thing but agreeable. The farmers here seem better adapted to getting up patents than any thing else. You can see them running around in every town with either a patent egg-beater or potato-masher. West ern folks intending to move cast will please make a note of this fact. Arriving at Kalamazoo wo find it a thriving, business place. At De troit our train of fourteen cars run. directly on a ferry, starting for Winsor, Canada, up the river one mile and a half, being drawn off tho boat without any jar or jolting. Here we hud quite a change in the appearance of the country as well as in the people. The most accom modating conductor was on this route. Wc passed many a city lar ger than Columbus at which the train never stopped. Hamilton is a well-known place; the depot here is 440 feet long, the freight house the same, and every thing neat and clean about the city, no filth whatever. The Suspension bridge, far-famed, is the next object of wonder. While crossing, you naturally feel dizzy, looking down into the gushing wat ers, which fairly roar below you. Pictures of it I have seen, but there is nothing like the reality. The bridge is S00 feet between towers, each of the four towers being 80 feet high. From the track to the river below h 245 feet. The foundation is wire ten inches in diameter cost of bridge .$100,000. At Rochester a notable thing was the seventy-one railroad tracks. Side by side at one time four trains passed at full speed, on to Albany. Here wc could sec boats all the time running side by side or meeting and passing. These average from 80 to 100 feet in length and carry from 8,000 to 12,000 bushels of grain. On the N. Y. C. It. there are thirteen telegraph wires on the main line. At Schenectady I spent two days with my friends who entertained me by a party in the evening. Although somewhat high-flown" (according to our western modes, and way of telling it,) I did the best I knew, and enjoyed myself. Leaving all in good spirits I took the morning train for New York. As we entered the city we could sec nothing, being walled up on both sides, and part of the time clos ed entirely dark as a dungeon, until wc arrived at the depot, a tremen dous large building with gates closed, no one being admitted ex cept passengers, who arc required to show their tickets before enter ing. While within, you are safe, but as soon as you go out, then keep your eyes about you, for dozens will quiz you and try to persuade you to go here and there. By hack and elevated railway, I reach Liber ty 6t., where I stop for dinner. All afternoon I spent at Barn urn's museum, and then scarcely began to see the wonders there exhibited. In the morning I started for Phila delphia, coming direct through New Jersey, arriving at tho end of my destination at noon, finding my uncle and the rest in good health. On Monday I attended a ball for the benefit of the Daily News, where there were more than fifteen hun dred dancers and spectators. By invitation of Professor Biddle Dean I attended the lectures for the day at the Jefferson Medical College, after which I had a look through the college museum and hospital. Iu an other letter I will give my impressions of the City of Brotherly Love. Yours truly, Lewis Freidav. "Who,"a3ks an inquisitive editor, "is paying our National debt?" Well, there is no use keeping the secret any longer. Wc are paying it; wc have paid millions and mil lions of it since the war closed, but wc intend to stop it at the end of the next fiscal year. It makes a fright fully large hole in our salary. Jforrislotcn Herald. A carping author complains that too much is said about the tongue. But how is it to be helped when the thing is always in cverybod's mouth. Tcrrindalffcncb. Many parents imagino they arc model guardians of their little ones because they are willing to give their wholo life to the unrestrained indulgence of all their whims and fancies. It doc3 not take long for even a.ncw-born Infant to learn that it is to be tho chic i-jlnr in the house. To be sure, it will be years before the babe can reason about it, but instinct, if nothing stronger, will coon teach it that cryiug is all powerful. Before one short month passes over its head, tho nurse, the mother, and all in the house arc perfectly drilled to instant and un hesitating obedience. Every one understands that there will bo no peace unless the littie tyrant is rocked to sleep, or constantly in the arms when awake. The hired nurse rejoices when her time cl" service expires, and she 13 free from the "little imp's" exactions. That will be the term by which she will des ignate her late charge; but the mother's love sees only a "cherub;" an "angel ;" "the sweetest, most per fect blessing iu the world." Truly, a mother's love covers a multitude of sins, and covers her idols with celestial chains. She never feels that she is ruining her own health, and is unconscious of fatigue while gratifying her child's most unreasonable demands. If any one ventures to hint that so much indulgence is injurious, nnd will not add to the comfort or happiness of the recipient, how the mother resents it. We have heard mis guided patents say : "I will not havo my children re strained whilo young. They shall never be denied any indulgence or pleasure that I can provide, at any cost. They will have troubles and trials in plenty when they have grown up, without knowing any in youth that I can ward oil'." This the way some mothers man ifest their love. What a mistaken idea! What will their children be when they pass out from their pa rent's care? How can they bear life's burdens if they have never learned that there arc any until, without warning, they find tln-m-sclvcs encompassed with them? What power of resistance, what strength of purpoee can they be expected to have, what efforts to ward a useful life can children thus reared ever make wih any sem blunce of success? For the child's own good, to show the true, perfect love, those who from birth are committed to their parents' guardianship must be made to "bear the yoke in their youth," so that iu riper years the yoke may be easy and the burden light, or be found to be a pleasure and no cross at all. There is exquisite pleasure in de voting one's self to the baby iu our arms, 4,lhc toddling wee thing" that plays at our side; the rosy curly headed darling who follows us about tho house with rippling laughter or chirping like a bird in its merry play. It is hard to refuse their soft pleadings, even when we know they plead for that which is not lor their real good. This is hard if one looks only for present enjoyment. Oh, if mothers could bear in mind that they must look beyond babyhood if they would insure their children's best good, a happy, noble, honorable maturity. For "so surely as the years drift by, and life is spared, so surely will the world with its Ktcrn discipline take all our tender fledgelings under its tutelage. With dancing feet and gay laughter life's problems may be solved for some; or with sorrowlul heart and tearful eyes may come the elucidation for others. But whether the days troop by in glad ness or go leaden-paced in sorrow, the riddle must be, in the end, for individual reading. The young must for themselves chase empty bubbles and sec them perish in the grasping before they will learn that the alluring is not the enduring." "All that the parents can do is to stand with ready counsel, seeking to guide the wandering footsteps in safety past the shoals and quick sands until, happily, this tender watch and care shall see them tread ing the paths of pleasantness and peace." "The teachings of childhood arc the corner stones on" which to build the foundations of character. If these aro laid in wisdom and faith fulness wc may look to see the superstructure rounded and beauti fied by the lessons of life's expe rience. But the mother who fosters childish vanity and aids to develop the chrysalis into a butterfly of fashion fails no more signally in fulfilling her trust than she who with tender love, but mistaken kindness, guards childhood and youth from every duty and exertion as well as from all self-denial and care. Such over-indulgence will surely result in dwindled faculties, buried talents and a disfigured char acter, the banc of happiness to its possessor and a blessing to none. Though the inheritor of millions, children spoiled by over-indulgence are defrauded of their rights." In after years, through great suf fering and sorrow, if to such cruelly-indulged children there should come an awakening, still the charac ter is shorn of half the strength it should have had, and what is left of life will be passed in tho shadow and burdened with daily repining and sorrow for a misspent youth. If parents would learn in time that over-indulgence in childhood brings to their children in later life only an inheritance of regret and disappointment, how many lives would be made happy and cheerful that now, through over-indulgence, are utterly wrecked and useless ready to turn upon their parents with reproaches, instead of rising up to call them blessed. Jfrs. 11. W. Bcechcr, in Christian Uvion. IJovr n Haltlmore Servant rf ! ed Lighting n. Fire With Wlrti Hundred DoIInrs. A lady living iu tho western sec tion of tho city, who has been in tho habit of pi acing her income, little by little as she received it, behind a large picture in the drawiug-rooin of the house iu which she lives, was yesterday greatly oxcitcd over the supposed loss of all her savings. Tho lady was living with her two nieces, who do the housework and superintend the work of tho kitchen. Two or three days ago they began cleaning the house from top to bot tom. After thoy had finished the upper stories, and had put down the car pets, they started with the pictures. These they first took down, dusted, oiled, and then returned to their places on the wall. They had finish ed nil but the largo one, behind which was the money, and wore just about to begiu operations on this oue, when the door-bell rang. This, of course, interrupted for a whilo the work. The ringing of tho bell was caused by the visit of a gentleman who wished to seo tho aunt of the two young ladies, tho lady of the house. When she returned from her in terview with the geutlcmau sho found that the young ladies her nieces had taken the picture down, clcaued it and returned it to its place. At the time it did not oc cur to her that the picture was the one which she had selected as her bank. It was not until ycaterday that she thought of looking behind the picture to see ir her money was still where she had placed it. She had been iu the habit of looking there every day iu order to satisfy herself of its safety. When sho went to look for it on this day sho found, to her great astonishment and grief, that it was gone. The first thought was that tho servant had stolen it, but she knew she could vouch for her servant's honesty, and it seemed almost an impossibility that she should havo taken it. The whole house was rniirmcked, but with no result the money was still missing. Not find ing it, tho lady became completely overcome with anxiety. It took the combined efforts of tho young ladies fully nu hour to calm the poor lady's nerves. After think ing the matter over again, the ladies finally agreed that the onlv possiblo way the money could have been lost, provided it was not stol en, was that it had fallen from the picture to tho floor while the picture was being clcaued, and swept out with tho dust and dirt that had accumulated iu the room. Then began an overhauling of tho dirt pile and the garbage boxes, but with the same result. Finally they agreed that the servant should bo taken into confidence. She (the servant) after having been told of the money, recollected that 6he had taken from the dining room the day that they were clean ing a bundle of old pipers, and theso she was using to kindle the fire. They then looked through all tho old papers she hud, but without finding the money. The servaut then remembered she had just be fore they came into the kitchen put some paper in range to start a fire, and that she was only waiting for them to leave the room before apply ing the match to the paper. It oc curred to her that the money might possibly be in these papers. With out saying a word she rushed to tho fire place and began taking out the wood that she had placed there in. The ladies, who had seen her when she first moved toward the stove, were now standing over and watch ing her with eager interest. Finally, after everything had been removed, the servant thrust her arm in the stove and, to the immense delight of those who wero watching her, drew therefrom .f.jOO the missing money. Baltimore Gazette. Advice to 1'oHBg; lien. "Rise early; be abstemious; bo frugal ; attend to your own business and never trust it to another ; be not afraid to work with your own hands and diligcutly; treat every one with civility and respect good manners will ensure success; accomplish what you undertake ; decide, then persevere; diligence and industry overcome all diflicutics; never bo mean ; rather give than take the odd shilling; never postpone till to-morrow what can be done to-day ; never anticipate wealth from any source but labor; commence at the first round and keep climbiug; mako your word as good as your bond ; seek knowledge to plan, enterprise to execute; honesty to govern all; never trade beyond your stock; never give to largo credit; mako few promises; keep your secrets; live within your income; sobriety above all things ; luck is a word that doe3 not apply to a successful man ; not too much caution slow but sure is the thing : the highest monuments are built piece by piece; step by step we must mount the pyramids; be bold, be resolute when the clouds gather; difficulties arc surmounted by opposition ; self-confidence, self reliance is your capital ; your con science is the best monitor; never be over-sanguine, but don't under rate your own abilities, don't be dis couraged, niucty-niuo may say no, the hundreth, yes; take off your coal, roll up your sleeve?, and don't be afraid of manual labor." Prof. Tyndall tells us that the greatest height in the atrnosphero which any human being h..s ever reached is 23,000 feet, from which we infer that Prof. Tyndall never bought a lottery ticket and planned what he would do with all his mon ey when he drew the capital priza.