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About The Columbus journal. (Columbus, Neb.) 1874-1911 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 9, 1878)
IHSTOI FUItElC SCHOOLS.
Radical Changes in Methods and
the Studies Pursued.
Thousands of the parents who
send their children to school to-day
arc unaware ot' the radical changes in
the programme for the coining year.
One of iho last acts of the school
board at July meeting was to adopi
what is called the '2iew Pro
gramme of Studies." This has been
most carefully prepared by the
Board of Supervisors aud the prc
sont superintendent ; it is the result
of mouths of consideration and dis
cussion. It was adopted by the
echool board with little discussion
and without much opposition, aud
and yet none of the man- changes
made during the last two years will
produce amoug the scholars and
teachers more interest and comment
than this programme.
To show what a departure it is
from the beaten paths of the past,
we present the main features of this
new course of studies. In the pri
mary schools and instruction is al
most entirely oral. Oral lessons will
be given upon pictures, plants, ani
mator whatever the ingenuity of the
teacher may suggeFt, in order to ac
custom the scholars to express what
they know in words. This exorcise
will bo called "Language." Other
oral instructions will be given upon
form, color, measures; animals
grouped by habits, traits or struc
ture; vegetables, minerals, the
human body and hygiene. Fables,
anecdotes and simple poetry will
receive proper attention. The
metric system will be taught from
the metric apparatus. Heretofore
much time lias been given to spell
ing and many hours spent over the
primary speller; that book is to be
entirely discarded, and "some easy,
common words from the reading
lessons" substituted in its place.
Two new studies arc introduced,
called "Kocrcation" and ".Miscellan
eous," to which an hour and a half a
week is to be given. "Whether this
means work or play, teachers aud
scholars arc yet to learn.
In the grammar grade equally im
portant charges arc indicated.
Grammar is abolished, at least iu
name, and the spelling-book goes
with it. How the eyes of the boys
will glisten when they lcaru this
fact. "Language" takes the place of
grammar, which means less of tech
nical grammar, such as parsing, etc.,
aud more attention given to com
position, structure of sentences, use
of capitals, letter writing and
analysis. Spelling is to be from the
reader and other text Looks. The
amount of writing in copy books is
reduced more than one-half, and
more writing in blank books aud in
other exercises required. The great
amount of time previously devoted
to geography is reduced, and natural
philosophy and physiology arc to be
taken up iu the third class. Music
and dm whig receive the same atten
tion as during previous years. The
most important change here, as in
the primary grade, is in reference to
oral instructions. It is not to be as
in the old programme, merely men
tioned and rarely attended to by the
teachers for want of time, but a
specified amount of time is to be
allotted to it, as well as arithmetic
or reading. In the two lowest
classes the instruction will be al
most entirely oral. In the fourth
class it well be largely so, and iu
the other classes from one to two
hours per week will bo given to this
exercise. Iu the lower classes the
subjects for oral instruction wiil be
natural history, plants from May to
November, animals from .November
to May; trades and occupations,
comon phenomena, itories, anec
dotes, mythology, metals and miner
als. Iu the upper classes, physiology,
life in the Middle Ages, biographi
cal and historical sketches, and ex
periments in physics. Every study
has its specified lime assigned to it.
A Model Confession.
Several years ago, in a Western
town, a youug lawer, a member of a
arge church got drunk. The brcth-
eru said he must confess. He demur
red. IIo knew the members to be
good people, but that they had their
little faults,such as driving sharp bar
gains, screwing the laborer down to
low wages, loaning money at illegal
rates, misrepresenting articles they
had for sale, etc. But they were good
people, and pressed the lawyer to
come before the church meeting and
owu up to his sin of taking a glass
too much, for they were temperance
people and abhorred intemperance.
The sinner finally went to the
confession, found a large gathering
of brethren and sisters, whose bow
ed heads rose and whose eyes glis
tened with pure delight a3 the law
yer began his confession.
"I confess," he said, "that I never
took 10 per cent, for money." On
that confession down went a broth
er's head with a groan.
turned a poor man
who needed food or shelter." Down
went another head. "I confess 1
never sold a skiru-inilk cheese for a
new-milk one," whereupon a sister
shrieked for mercy. "But," con
cluded the sinner, "I have been
drunk, and am very sorry for it."
"Whereupon the meeting very
Dan. "I never
from my door
A HI other" Influence.
The lato Thomas II. Benton, who
was so long in public life and sur
rouuded by temptations, paid the
following tribute to his mother:
"My mother asked me never to
use any tobacco, and 1 never touch
ed it from that time to the present
day; she asked me not to game, aud
I have not, aud I cannot tell who is
winning or who is losing in games
that can be played. She admonish
ed me, too, against hard drinking,
and whatever capacity for endur
ance 1 may have at present, anil
whatever usefulness I may attain iu
life, 1 attribute it to having com
plied with her pious and correct
wishes. "When 1 was 7 years of
age she asked me not to drink, and
then I made a resolution of total
abstinence, at a time when I was
sole constituent member of my own
body, and that I have adhered to it
through all the time I owo to my
A Itlcli Scene.
The following rich scene recently
occurred iu court of justice, between
the judge and a Dutch witness all
the way from Rotterdam.
Judge What is your native lan
guage? Witness I pc no native, l's a
Judge "What is your mother
"Witness Oh, faddcr says she pe
Judge (in an irritated tone)
What language did you speak in
the cradle ?
Witness I did not speak any
language iu the cradle at all ; I only
cried in Dooch.
At this there was a general laugh,
in which the judge, jury aud au
dience joined. The witness was in
terrogated no further about his
A good old farmer found himself
one day with his boy nt the further
end of the row when the dinner-bell
sounded. Anxious to make every
step count, he commenced to hoc
his way back, saying to the boy as
he did so : "Thomas, do vou ever
think of dying ?" "Yes," said Tom ;
"I think I shall die pretty soon if I
don't get some dinner."
Sarins: Seed Corn.
There has been a good deal said
about saving seed corn, and a
good may foolish notions advanced,
such as ransacking the field before
the corn is cut, and selecting the
care that ripened soonest, leaving on
about one-third of the husks to be
hung up by in the peaks of some
building ;others recommend putting
into barrels or boxes, etc. To put
seed corn into a barrel or box would
be the worst treatment it could have.
It should bo put where it can dry
ont as soon as possible.
In going around tho field, picking
cars before hu&king, you will not
get the best, but will "fritter away
muchjlimo; besides, selecting seed
corn is a common sense business
operation, with no fine or critical
points about it. All will admit that
tho best developed and best matured
cars are the right ones to be saved
for seed, and the easiest way to ob
tain these ears is the best. I have
raised the same kind of corn for
fifteen years without changing the
seed, and it has steadily improved
all the time. Aud yet, I don't at
tribute all tho improvement to
the selection of the seed, but part
of it to cultivation, for no variety
of corn can be kept up to a proper
standard without good cultivation.
Any corn will degenerate and run
out if not half cultivated, although
great pains may be taken in select
ing the scod ; but, by obtaining good
seed.giving good cultivation.and ob
taining good crops, tho variety will
improve. Now for the wav to save
the seed: After the corn is" husked
out of the shock aud thrown on the
grouud, take a busket aud go from
one pile to another. The ears will
all be in sight, aud in this way the
best in the field can be obtained
with but very little trouble. Put it
where it will dry out quickly, the
quicker the better.
I have praticed this plan for fif
teen years, and never missed haviug
excellent seed and sent up a strong
and vigorous stalk. Never plant
tho butt or tip kernels, never pick
largest corn, but good, fair-sized
kernels, closing well over tip of ears.
As two ladies were walking along
the 6trcet, one exclaimed, as the sky
suddenly darkened: "There's a
thunder-storm coming on ; I'm so
afraid of lightning!" And the oth
er one calmly replied : "Very well,
my dear; then let us step into this
car, which seems to have a good
The cigar-makers of New York
have proclaimed to the public that
many of the cigars sold in the shops
are chemically flavored, and are not
the genuine weed. They might have
told something new if they had said
that many of the Havana" cigar iu
tho market were of Connecticut
The Western Rural.
The Western Mural come3 to our
tablo from week to week complete
in all its departments. In matters
relating to the farm, orchard and
ardou, it is unsurpassed, and yet it
docs not ignore the family circle. It
is a fireside companion, much en
joyed by the women folks and the
children, each having a department
full of interest to them. The Rural
is increasing in circulation and in
fluence, and deserves the patronage
of all interested in the cultivation of
the soil, or iu increased intelligence
among the sons of toil.
The brave man is uot he who feels
no fear, for that were stupid and
irrational but he whose noble soul
its fear subdues, and bravely dares
the danger which it shrinks from.
The great business of a man is to
improve his mind and govern his
manners ; all other projects and pur
suits, whether in our power to com
pass or not, are only amusement.
A New England farmer hired a
man who proved very expensive
help, as, in a month's time, he dried
up the cows nearly a third " simply
by kicking and scolding."
The reputation of a man is like
his shadow gigantic when it
precedes him, and pigmy in its pro
portions when it follows him.
many vocations has
ruined the life of many a man.
Following none has ruined a great
SPEICE & NORTH,
Genera Agents for the Sale of
Union Pacific, and Midland Pacific
R. R. Lunds for sale at from $3.00 to 10.00
per acre for cash, or on live or ten years
time, iu annual payments to suit pur
chasers. "We have also a largo and
choice lot of other lands, improved and
unimproved, lor sale at low price and
on reasonable terms. Abo business and
residence lots iu the city. "We keep a
complete abstract of title to nil rfal es
tate in l'lattc County.
Manufacturer and Dealer in
BOOTS AND SHOES!
A conijili'lo assortment or Laities' nml Chil
dren's Shoe krt on hand.
All Work Warranted!!
Our blotto Good
work and fair prices.
Especial Attention paid to Sepairir g.
Cor. Olive uikI 12tli Stn.
A. W. LAWRENCE,
AGENT FOR THE
Will hereafter be found THREE
DOORS SOUTH of tbu Post Ollice,
where he keeps a full line of every fctyle
PUMP, PIPE, HOSE,
And the Celebrated
L FEED KILL.
ie keeps a Pump House exclusively,
able to sell CHEAPER THAN
THE CHEAPEST. Pumps for any
depth well. Pumps driven or repaired,
and Rods cut.
A CALL AXD SAVE MONEY.
li conducted as a
Devoted to the host mutual inter
ests of its readers and its publish
ers. Published at Columbu.-. Platte
county, the centre of the agricul
tural portion of Nebraska, It Is read
by hundreds of people east who are
looking towards Nebraska as their
future home. Its subscribers in
Nebraska are the staunch, solid
portion of the community, as is
evidenced by the fact that the
Jouknai. has never contained a
"dun" against them, and by the
other fact that
In its columns always brings its
reward. Business is business, and
. those who wish to reach the jolid
people of Central Nebraska will
find the columns of the Joukxai. a
Of all kinds neatly and quickly
done, at fair prices. This species
of printing is nearly always want
ed in a hurry, and, knowing this
fact, we have so provided for it
that we am furnish envelopes, let
ter head?, bill heads, circulars,
pos-ters, etc., etc., on very short
notici', and promptly on time as
CHICAGO & NORTH-WESTERN
Tho Great Trunk line from the ATest to
Chicago and the East.
It Is the oldest, shortcut, most direct, coarenlsnt,
comfortablo and In exery respect the beat line yoq
can take. It la the greatest and grandest Railway
organization In tao United States. It owns or
2100 MILES OF RAILWAY
PUIXMAX HOTEt. OABS are rua alone
by it through between
COUNCIL BLTHT8 & CHICAGO I
No other road rang Pullman Hotel Cars, or any
other form of Hotel Cars, through, between the
Missouri River and Chicago.
Six mouths ...
. 1 00
le copy ent to any address
United States for ." cts.
PASSENGERS GOIJfCJ EAST should bear
inmlnd that this is the
AND ALL POINTS EAST.
Passengers by this rOuto have choice of FIVE
DIFFEKENT ROUTES and the advantaso of
Eight Dally Lines Talace Sleeping Cars
from CHICAGO to
PHILADELPHIA AND NEW YORK,
AND OTHER EASTEItN POINTS.
Insist that tho Ticket Agent sells yon tickets by
the North-Western Road. Examine your Tickets,
and ref mo to buv if they do not read over this Road.
All Agents fell them and Check usual Uaggaga
Free by thU Line.
Through Tickets via this Ronto to all Eastern
Folnts can be procured at the Central Pacific Itall
road Ticket Office, foot of Market Street, aud at
I New Jlontgoracry Street, San Francisco, and at
all Coupon Ticket Offices of Central Pacific, Union
Pacific, and all Western Railroads.
New York Office, No. 415 Broadway. Boeton
Office No. 5 State Street. Omaha Office, 3 15 Farn
ham Street. San Francisco Office, 2 New 3Ioi.t
gomery Street. Chicago Ticket Offices : 62 Clark
sulci, uuul'i oui'duau xiuucu . o vauuj, iuijn.f
"Wholesale and Hctail Dealer in
" Clarmel." Your essay 13 at
hand, but wc canuot use it until wc
arc more definitely advised. Your
uoin de plume suggests rod hair,
and wo cannot permit any red
haired woman to write essays for
our columus on "Domestic liappi-
Little boy "Please, I want the
doctor to come and sec mother."
Servant "Doctor's out. "Where do
you come from?" Little Bov
"What ? Don't you know me ? TVhy,
we deal with you. "Wc had a baby
from here last week."
The undersigned oilers at private gale
his farm two and a half miles north of
the city conistin;r of
OSO ACRES OP 1 V?i&,
fifty acres uudcr cultivation, and sixty
acres of as good hay laud a can be
found, and under a portion of it is a
very excellent quality of brick clay.
The improvements upon the place are a
to-lorj concrete dwelling, 20x30 ft.,
a comfortable and convenient houe; a
wind-mill: a large, substantial shelter
for stock; shed and yards tor hogs;
corral for cattle; granary; tool house,
etc.. etc. Also
13 IIJEAJO OF SHEEP,
mostly cwcs,bMtlc horses.oows, steers,
heifers, hogs, farming implements, Ac.
The location is a very excellent one
for farming and stock raising near the
city with eaiy and quick access to mar
ket; a fiftccu'miniitf.t' ride to the post
ollice, the railroad depot, the telegraph
oflicc and church.
The site of the dwelling-house com
mands as line a view as can be had of
the country, for twenty miles in every
direction, and the place would not be
offered for sale except that my increas
ing business in the city renders it
desirable to give it my exclusive at
tention. For further particulars call on or
Aaddress M. K.TUltSEIt,
G-eo. T. Spooner,
PLASTERER 11 HUM.
IARDWARE, STOYES, IRON, TIN
Ware, Nails, Rope, Wogon Mate
rial, G-lass, Paint, Etc.
Corner Eleventh and Olive Streets, Columbus, Nebraska
M. K. TUKNER & CO.,
JIndiaon Street ; Einzie Street Depot, corner West
Kinzlo and Canal Streets ; Wells Street Depot,
corner w cus ana iunzie btrects.
I'or rates or Information not attainable from
your borne ticket agentr, apply to
JIarvi.v HroiiiTT, W. II. Stbnnett,
Uta'l JlaoE'r, Chlcsco. Gen'l I'ws. Ac't, thicajar
T II K
AVholcsale and Hctail Dealer in
DBUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS, OILS,
PERFUMERY, PATENT MEDICINES, ETC.
Gko. "W. II ulst, Vice Pes'
Julius A Uked.
EmvAitn A. Gkkkai:i.
Auxei: Tukxei:, Cashier.
SACKET & CROUCH,
The proprietors are praetieal millers",
attend to the risding themselves,
Furnished the late-t unproved
machinery, tin- are prep.ued to do all
HII m MERCfiANT 101!
Keeps on hand all articles usually kept in a fir&t-ela? Drujr Store. Dealers
iu surrounding country will tmd It'to their i.iterest to purchase from him, as he
can and will ive l$ED"-KOCK l'ltlCES.
Proscriptions Carefully Compounded.
J3TA GOOD ASSOimiKNT OF "WALL- PAPER ALWAYS KEPT IX STOCK.
Steep seme iinccut tobacco until
you have a strong solution, and mix
this with clean, fresh lard enough
to color the lard a dark brown aud
you have oue of the best ointments
for burns, scalds, sores, etc., in the
All work promptly attended to and
Refers to the nnny for whom he has
done work. His motto iu regard to
price is, Live and let live.
The Building of Cisterns a Specialty,
I37"llcadquartcrs at the " Nebraska
House." Cull and see me.
HAMS k SADDLES
It is by the promulgation of souud
morals in the community, and more
especially by the training and in
struction of the young, that woman
performs her part toward the
preservation of a free govern incut.
A good name is like a precious
ointment; it Ulleth all round about,
aud will not easily run away, for
the odors of ointments are more
durable than those of flowers.
" Sound' said the schoolmaster,
is what you hear. For instance,
you caunot feel a sound." "O, yes,
you can," said a smart boy. "John
Wilson," retorted the pedagogue,
"how do you make that out? "What
sound can you feel?" "A Bound
thrashing," quickly replied the
O, how many deeds of deathless
virtue and immortal crime the
world had wanted had tho actor
said, "I will do this to-morrow."'
Lord John Russell.
It is an uncontrolled truth that no
man ever made an ill figure who
understood his own talents, nor a
good one who mistook them. Swift.
A bad sign To sign another
man's name to a note. Itogucs
should make a note of it.
"Here I am mother hurt, sure
enough, but in no need of a willow
yet, am I, father ?:i
Manufacturer and Dealer in
Bamess, Saddles, Bridles, and Cellars,
on hand nil kinds of
Ilridle Bits, Spurs,
made to order. Re-
pairing done on short notice.
NEBRASKA AVENUE, Columbus.
The Celebrated Diebold, Norris & Co's
(f,site IieI)oll & Ciienzle,)
Fire and Burglar Proof!
HAVE THE BEST RECORD OF ALL.
All Ming RilroadE Express Companies and Banks in tie Northwest live to,
Not One Lost in the Two Groat Fire in Chicago; also preserved the contents
in every instance, at IndrpeiidiMice, Iowa: at Central City, Col.; at
Ohkosh, Wis., and at all places have stood the test, without failure.
All Sizes for Sale anil 3Iade to Order. Old
Safes taken in Exchange.
JS:nil of Eejo.,II, Sicou:it
Collection Ei-oiiipfIy33nclc on
Pay Interest on Time Eepos
BECKER & WELCH,
SHELL CREEK MILLS.
BYE AND FEED
GROUXI) i:VKRY DAY.
CONSTANTLY ON HANI.
AVe make several brands of
3E 1 o "o. :r
to the trade our AL
It is a nipcrior article made from
CHOICE SELECTED WHEAT.
MANUFACTURERS & WHOLE
SALE DEALERS IN
FLOUR AND HEAL.
OF FIVE, COL UJUJ US, NEB.
County antl Jtanlc "Worlc 11 Specialty. Price ns lovr tin
CJoort Work can be made.
C0VENT, GENEEAL AGENT, CHICAGO.
WILL. B. DALE, Agent,
AVhat a barber should talk abo ut
while shaving a man About two
We say "a laying ben," instead of
"a lyiug hen," because she is onnest.
women The dressraa-
12i St., 1 B::r Eart cf Scirin Br::.,
ileu's and boys' suits made in the
latest style, and good fits guaranteed, at
very low prices. Men's suits ?i.OO to
$9.00, according to the jroods and work.
Boys' suits $3.00 to ?L00, according to
22TCLEXING AND REPAIRING DONE.Jgf
Bring on your soiled clothing. A
whole suit renovated and made to ap.
yc as guuu as new ior l.JO Si-i-y
MRS. W. iTcOSSEY,
Dress and Shirt Maker,
3 Poors Wst ofStlllman's Dm? Store.
Dresses and shirts cut and made to
order and satisfaction guaranteed. Will
also do plain or faucy sewing of any de
scription. S3T PRICES YERY REASONABLE.
Gire me a call and trv mv work.
ge Siist 05 IMT'Q, ? , 2Fe.U Bslitrery.
Dr. A. HEINTZ,
A full, frcMi supply of groceries,
STAPLE AND FANCY,
Just opened, aud
for sale at low-down
KT Olive Ktrcrt,
CITY MEAT MARKET,
1aIVs: ax., moktxi of i. o.
Fine Soaps, Brushes
PERFUMERY, Etc., Etc.,
"Will keep on hand all kind of Fre-.ih
and Salt Meat-, alo Sausage, Poultry.
F re 'ill Fish, et, all in their season.
Ca?h paid for Hides, hard and i'.i-
icon. lIitRLY VllVi.
And all articles uually kept on hand by
Physicians Prc&rijilinm Carefully
One door Fast of (iitillcyV, on
. . . . Each. Dor.
Apple trees, in variety, 4 to b it., ;; vcar, Iowa grown, per 100, ?I!?.00. .
Apple trees 2yrs., crown in Antelope Co., 3 to 4 ft., per 100, $ 15.00
Siberian Crab, in variety, 3 yrs., 4 to 5 ft
Cherries, e;irly and late Richmond, 4 ft., Iowa grown
Plums, Minoe and Wild Goose, 4 ft.,
Concord Grapes, first-class, 2 vear, per 100, $3.50
Blackberry, Kittatinn v and Snvdcr. 2 year, per 100. ?5.00
Raspberry, Doolittlc, Mammoth, Cluster and Philadelphia Red per
Gooseberry, Ilouguton, 2 years
uurranio. ictoria, cnerrv anu White Grape, 2 year
Strawberry. AVilson, Monarch of the AVcst, per 100, 75 cents
Pie Plant. Strawberry Mammoth, (extra')
Kilmanock AVceping AVillow, well formed heads, C feet,
AA'isconsin " " " " " "
Box Elder and Soft Maple, 1 year, per 1000, S2.50
" " for street, 6 ft '
AVbite Pine and Norway Spruce, per foot
Snowball, Flowerin? Almond, Lilac, purple and white, 2 ft.,
Roses, Moss, June and climbinsr. in variety, 2 years
Trumpet, A'ine, Honeysuckle, AVistina and A'irginia Climber,
Pa'onics, Tulips, Tube Roses and other bulbs, 10 to
Ihis nursery was established one year ago. and I have a good asorortment of
small fruitgrowing here, and have made arrangements with ncighbing nurser
ies so that I can furnish anything in the above price-list. Patties engaged in
fruit crowing will find it to their interest to give mo a call before buying of
traveling agents. I am permanently located here, and expect to do a home busi
ness. Satisfaction guaranteed. Correspondence solicited.
l-6 JT. M. CAL.L.ISO1V, Colombia, Nebraska.
20 ?2 30
10 1 90
30 3 00
10 4 50
40 4 50
15 1 75
10 1 00
15 1 50
15 1 50
SAMUEL C. SMITH Agent,
ATTENDS TO ALL BUSINESS per
taininin to a general Real Estate
Agency and Notary Public. Have in
struction" and blanks furnished bv
I'nitcd States Land Office for making
final proof on Homesteads, thereby sav
ing a trip to Grand Island. Have a large
number ol farms, city lots and all lands
belonging to U P. R. It. in Platte and
adjoining counties for sale very cheap.
Attend to contesting claims before U. S.
OEIee one Door We I of Hammond lloau,
F. AV'. OTT, Clerk.
CEML MAT IAEIET f
O.A 11 tit STREET.
Dealers in Fresh and Salted Meat?,
&c. Town Lot, AVood, IIide, &r.
J. RICKLV, Agent.
Columbus, June 1, 1877.
NEBRASKA HOUSE, 1 S
S. J. MARMOY, Prop'r.
Nebraska Ave., South of Depot,
A new bouse, newly furnished. Good
accommodations. Board by day or
week at reasonable rates.
I3TSctH a Flrj,t-Cliis Xnlle.
.25 Cent. Lodgings.
r nn 1 -. Hfl
Tl - m J
I tl V 1 I
11 g c
lpl M. M
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