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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 28, 1911)
THE NORFOLK WEEKLY NEWS-JOURNAL , FRIDAY , APRIL 28 , 1911.
ANNIVERSARY OF CIVIL WAR
Semicentennial of the Struggle For the Border
First Year of Nation's States The Advent of
Life asd Death Struggle McClellan and Lee Cap
gle The Going Out of tain Nathaniel Lyon's
the "Cotton Republics. " Death to Save Missouri.
Hy JAMBS A. EDCCRTON.
ND most fortunate fact fur
nishes the keynote to the fif
tieth iiwilvernnry of the begin
ning of the civil war the
Union IB now to firmly cemented that
the celebration cnnnot disturb in the
HllghtcHt degree the fraternal relations
'between thu two sections. There could
ibe 110 more complete vindication of
popular government. Not only did the
Union sustain the shock of the great-
rat Internal war in history , but in less
than n single lifetime is more strongly
knit together than ever before.
The first year of the war was not
conspicuous for the number or slee of
lie battles. Indeed , the thtit Dull Run
, wns the only general engagement of
first clniiB Importnnce. It was a time
of preparation , of the mnnterlng in
and drilling of armies , of the planning
of campaigns , of n political struggle
over the border utntes nnd of the se-
1 cUon of generals.
The preliminary steps leading to the
iilnigglo had taken place In the last
days of 18(10. ( They began Immediate-
ily after the election. When congress
met there were various conferences of
| the Bouthern senators and representa
tives , followed by addresses to their
ntatcs nnd preparations for with
drawal. South Carolina led the way
In actually seceding from the Union ,
her ordinance having been adopted on
'Dec. 20 , or nearly three weeko prior to
that of any other state.
Without Compass or Budder.
Tbo new year opened in gloom and
uncertainty. The ontgolng administra
tion was vacillating between the doc
trine of noncorrclon on the one sldo
nnd the stiffening Union sentiment of
the north on the other nnd was doing
nothing effectual. Mr. Lincoln was
( fillent as to his coming policy. The
Ifihlp of state Beemed to be drifting
'without ' compass or rudder. In this
'period ' of doubt the condition of the
public mind may be imagined. The
'only ' people who uccmcd to know ex-
lactly what they wanted were the
'flonthern ' lender * . TJiere was no lack
| of decision hero. On Jan. 0 Mississippi
wont out. Florida followed on the 10th
and Alabama on the llth. Jan. 19
Georgia cast In her lot with her se
ceding sisters , nnd one week niter , on
the 2flth , Louisiana cnt loose her moor-
Inge. Then came Texas on Feb. 1 ,
( completing the seven cotton states , or
cotton republics , ns they were called
tn the prints of the day , that formed
the first provisional government of the
( southern confederacy.
Events moved swiftly nt the uouth.
On Fob. 4 the provisional congress met
nt Montgomery and on the 8th had
completed the plans for a provisional
'government. ' The next day Jefferson
iDuvls , who had resigned his post as
United States senator from Mississippi
only a few days before , was elected
jprovlslonal president nnd nine days
liater , on Feb. 18. was Inaugurated. So
matters dtood when Abraham Lincoln
became precedent on March 4.
i Tilings now began to happen nlao at
the north. There was caution , 700 , bet
mo more indecision or halting. The
difference was that the new head of
ihe Washington administration knew
aa definitely what bewanted as did
Itbe leaders at Montgomery. His entire -
tire inaugural addreM bad b n demoted
meted to the one theme of preserving
the Union , Perhaps he did not yet
'VMltae ' the stupendous nature of the
trbrgle to reach that end. Nobody
AM. Mr. Lincoln , inexperienced aa ht >
tana and unfamiliar with recent Indie
[ flwta nt Washington , yet aeefaed to
[ Have a keener Insight Into the sltna-
ton and a more lively appreciation of
4lM gravity of tV > crisis , however , tban
" 4d these who surrounded him. On the
Tery first day of bis term be waa face
to face with the question that was to
tprove the actual starting point of the
war , that of prqvlelonlne and holding
The Pall of Bnmter.
1 The anniversary of the firing on
Wort Bnmter , which occurred on April
12 , has already been celebrated
throughout the land. The supplies and
reinforcements ordered by Lincoln
were on their way and approached the
ifOrt during the bombardment , only to
'be ' turned back. Despite the discour
agements , the disparity In numbers ,
the cjcnausted-food supply and the failIng -
Ing ammunition , thu little garrison
bold out for three days , finally capitu
lating on the 14th. On the next day
President Lincoln sent out a call for
70,000 three months troops. There was
no more indecision. As Greeley said
in the Tribune , the government at last
( bad a "man at the bead of It. " The
challenge was accepted the moment it
i Major Robert Anderson , the hero of
V 'ffmi Bnmter , had a part later In the
* year. He was appointed to recruit
Union troops in his native state of
Kentucky and as a general had charge
for a time of the Kentucky forces.
The firing on Bnmter was the be
ginning of the war. The people of the
north were as Instant as Lincoln in
tfaiug to meet the crisis. The whole
( north blazed Even New Tork city ,
that was nuopectcd of disloyalty , held
monster moss meetings , and one news
paper that had been elding with the
oath was lorcefl to cnange lu policy
overnight. Btatee overfilled their quota
md clamored for ibe privilege of offer-
wg more troops. Not only men were
forthcoming , but money and supplies.
the cnuwule * vriu then
ever witnessed ucb a spontaneous
popular uprising. It was ns though a
divine decree had gone forth and the
heart of the nation responded.
The Foutb was affected equally with
the north Virginia and North Carolina
lina had been in the balance , but Bnm
ter decided them. Henceforth there
was no middle ground. lie who was
not for the nation wan against it. On
April 17 Virginia went out of the
Union , Tcnu6snH and Arkansas would
probably have joined the cotton states
anyway , although there was a con-
nlderable Union population in the
mountain Hootlon of Tennessee. These ,
with Virginia and North Carolina ,
made up the eleven Btates that dually
constituted the rebellion.
Pighting For the Border States.
There then began n ntruggle for the
border Htiitw , which in one sense was
altogether the in out important develop
ment of the year In this otruggle the
north WIIH the victor Hud the result
been different there might have been
another outcome to the war. The story
of the holding of Missouri , Kentucky
and Maryland and of the cutting off
of Went Virginia IB of tlirllllng In-
terent. While there was little blood
shed in the process , there wan general-
vnlopcd In the early part of the war ,
but it kept Missouri in the Union , and
this fact was unquestionably influen
tial in holding Kentucky ,
The winning of West Virginia
brought General George n. McClellan
to the front. McClcllnn joined the
army In Ohio and wan sent ncrosn the
Ohio river with several regiments cnrly
In the yenr. The Virginians west of
the Allegheny mountains had never
been In clone political sympathy with
those of the en N lorn pint of the state
nnd voted almost solidly ngnlnpt PC-
ceHKlon , Under the protection of Hie
Union troops n convention was called
nnd on June 10 its members practiced
n little secession on their own book ,
formally separating from tln remain
der of the Htnto on June 10. The next
' day n governor was elected , nnd a
month later a new utate was erected ,
which was admitted in 18C3. Mean
while McClellan nnd his generals had
won n tniccofislon of victories In the
vicinity of Grafton nnd had driven the
opp Hlug troops out. of the new state.
McClellnn was not the only officer
afterward conspicuous who participat
ed in the fighting In 1801. Colonel Rob
ert E , Lee , hia great opponent , while
opposing secession , went out with his
Mate nnd resigned from the United
Btates army in April , Boon afterward
being placed nt the head of the Vir
ginia troops "Stonewall" Jackson also
made his first appearance In 1801 , as
did Gent-mi Rhrrmun. Grant also won
his firnt battle , though late in the year.
The Benin of Ellsworth.
An event t l t nerved to arouse the
north almoM n-- much as > did the firing
on Snuiter or the Baltimore riot wan
the anfMBslnntlon of Colonel E. Elmer
Ellsworth on Mny " 4 Elloworth was
the colonel of the famous zouaves re
cruited from the New York firemen.
When ordered to Alexandria his first
act wan to remove with his own bauds
1. MONUMENT ON BULL HUN BATTLEFIELD. ' . ' THEE 1MDDLED BY
BULLETS DURING THE BATTLE. 3. GENKHAL GEORGE B.
M'CLELLAN. 4. GENEHAL 1' . < T. BEAUREGARD. fi. MAJOR ROB
ship of a high order. The retention of
each of thet < e Mates was worth the
winning of many battles.
In point of time end perhaps in
strategic importance Maryland came
first. The Baltimore riot * occurred on
April 19. Portions of the Sixth Massa
chusetts in passing through the city
were attacked by a mob , several sol
diers being hurt end some killed. The
troops fired back , wounding and kill
ing many. The police finally restored
a semblance of order , and the soldiers
proceeded. The "massacre , " it WHS
called , bud. a U11 further effect lnln-
fiamlng the north. It * influence on
Maryland was equally great. Other
uprisings occurred in outside towni ,
and it looked for a time that tfee state
would be swept Into the rebellion and
the city of Washington would be m -
rooned in hostile territory. Delega
tions from Baltimore visited the cap
ital with demands that no more vol-
iHerc pass through Baltimore. Some
of the more timid Marylanders peti
tioned that eoldlers should not cross
the state at all. which caused Lincoln
to say rather quaintly that as they
could not fly over or go under the
state they would have to cross it. The
famous Seventh New Tork spent days
of arduous labor in rebuilding the rail
road from AnnapoliB and finally
reached Washington , marching up
Pennsylvania menne in fine form , to
the prodigious cheering of the citizens.
Henceforth this route was used with
out further difficulty. Soon afterward
General Butler took charge in Balti
more , cud the uprising in favor of the
In Missouri the governor and many
of the state officials were on the side
of the frouth and were fcctive in the
efforts to take the Mate ont of the
Union. They were defeated only by
the activity of a league headed by
Prank P. Blair nnd Captain NathanM
Lyon. Governor Jackson established a
camp in St. Louis named in honor of
himself. On May 10 Captain Lyon de
scended on Camp Jackson and cap
tured it without bloodshed. He then
followed Jockson and General Price ,
defeating them in several engage
ments , only to lose his OWE life in the
battle of Wilton's Creek on Ang. 10.
It WOK n costly sacrifice , Lyon being
one r > f the meet promlslnc cfflwrs d -
a Confederate fing Routing from a
hotel thnt bad long been nn offense to
Washington , tlnee on clear days It was
in sight of the capitol. While descend
ing A\IlU the flag wrapped about his
body Ellsworth was Phot by thu pro
prietor of the boufie.
The Brut actual battle of the war be
tween organized troops was that at
Big Bethel. Va. , fought on June 10.
Bull Run en me only eleven days later.
Volumes have been written to explain
the outcome of this battle. In the light
of fcUbHequent investigations it does
not ppe r the rout at first reported.
It w b H well planned action and ; con-
s-idbrlug the unseasoned condftion of
the Hoop * , was well fought. In the
forenoon the Union in en bad all the
beat of the fighting , but the arrival of
JobuMou's freth tioops from Winches
ter in the afternoon turned the tide.
It V * K the leleaee of thin army from
the vicinity of Harpers Terry , where
they had been eiiKaged by General
Patterson , thnt unquestionably decided
the fate of the day. General Beuure-
ganl commanded for the Confederates.
The engagement served at least one
useful purpose. It roused the north
to the neroiiMtesK ! of the struggle.
Most of the battles of 1861 , especial
ly in the eHct , were Union reverses.
One of the most lamentable was the
fljfht of Ball's Bluff , Va. , in which
Colonel Edward D. Buker , Lincoln's
lifelong friend , lost his life.
On the whole , however , the year was
not one of discouragement to the
Union cause. The north tiad been
aroused mid united , an rmy created
and drilled n l the border states held
to line Thi-ne three thnjr ) laid the
groundwork for future sncreaa.
_ _ _ _ _ . _ i
Ob , ball to ronrrrm one * * fcnl
In deep retpret w * tihnll not fafi
And from urcuMBmtd rpvcoh refract.
80 c-nc ii ruin O ccinirrPBe ,
It I * the HUM ] triiilllion tlkt *
ThouL'h traidrojitiYiill In patriot we *
Thourb j-ntt-nnK front nfcw turior rtrikM ,
TV * dill , ns "Hull1 ' nut rnln or npw.
TVe Hi p i.ui why a word o rtpht )
In irjjrl.lv iriviinlni ; tliur khould ound
Tlir liK'l ' n , i. > ( emi hiifl In n ntglit
litcjultt ft.rKot th - < ountry
We would tr.j "Thunder1" Wwo.iM np k
Of lightning tliat will make mn , ijjiiil'
But. ford liy custom w urr roirU
And n r to rourrtEt eln-.p- ! "Hall !
Home Course In
XVI. Emergencies In
By EUGENE L FISK. N. D.
Copyright. 1J10. by Aincrlcnn
, . AnnorJntlon.
| fe. . . . . . t. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
regarding "man's Inhumanity
to man , " the first impulse of
be average man is to help a fellow
being In distress. This is well czeni-
pllfled by the agility with which half
a doKCii people unasked will chase a
mt thnt lias been blown off.
When ncfldeiit or disease occurs In
the household , however , successful as
sistance Is not so easily rendered as In
the case of the wind blown hat. The
most willing hands and heads may
bring Injury rather than relief through
an cxcfSR ( if zeal nnd ignorance of
bow to direct It.
Ordinary fainting spells , excluding
caues of unconsciousness , due to heart
dlbenne. kidney trouble , apoplexy , etc. ,
may be * luc to n number of causes-
shook , Indigestion , eye strain , lack of
'oo < l. bow el trouble , etc. In such cases
the patient should be placed In a re
clining iioHltlon. with the feet higher
than the bend and the clothing loosen
ed about the nocl ? nnd chest. Cold wa-
: er dabbed in the face will usually suf-
Ice to restore consciousness. Aromat
ic spirits of nmraonin Inhaled or if the
; mtient is able to swallow fifteen to
: hirty drops in it wlneglnus of water
Is n good restorative. Strong ammonia
should not be applied to the nostrils
of an uncoiiHcloiib person , as extreme
irritation of the mucous membrane
may result befoie the patient becomes
conscious of It.
An Impending fulnt may be prevent
ed by having the patient place his head
n his hnnds ami lower It between his
tnees while sitting down. This strain-
AN lUr&NDlKO TAINT MAT BB PREVENTED
iY 11AVINC1 ' 11111 I'ATIKNf FLACK HIS
HBA1 > IN HIS HANDS AND T.OWKK IT I1B-
rWJiliN DIK KXUEti WUILKbl'lTlNO DOWN.
ed jiosilUon tends to retain the blood
In the upper portion of the body and
prevent the bloodless condition of the
brnlu. which is responsible for the un-
The natural impulse Is to raise the
head and body of a patient who has
fainted. Thin it , the worst possible
thing to do. Feet high and bead lewis
is the rule.
8unttroti * .
The f > ymptoms of sunstroke are very
high temperature , ranging from 104
to 112 degrees. F. . congested counte
nance , heavy breathing and uncon-
Kciousut * * . This condition may be
mistaken for apoplexy if th tempera-
tare IK not taken.
The remedy le. in a word , cold. If
it is not possible to give a full ice cold
hath Iced cloths should be applied to
teb head , iieck.imd chest and the ex
tremities bathed In cold water. The
application of cold must be continued
until the temperature drops to nor-
real pd r&umed , if It rises. .
, T.h 'nymptoms of heat exhaustion
are tW reverse of those abov describ
ed. The temperature may be subnor
mal , the face is pale , and there is a
condition analogous to shock , with a
The treatment must be directed
against these conditions. The appli
cation of heat to the body and ex
tremities is necessary by means of
hot water bags , battles , etc. Coffee ,
essence of ginger or other stimulants
should be taken internally. The re
clining position as advised for faintIng -
Ing spells is nW Indicated.
Caution. It is not unnuual for phy
sicians to be' called in such cases
in hot weather and find the patient's
head loyally 'elevated by anxious
friends and ( old applications being as
siduously applied. Although this con
dition is due to lu-at. cold will only ag
Convulsions , Etc.
In true epilepsy the patient should
he made ns comfortable as possible
during the nttick and prevented from
Convulsions in children may be due
to comparatively trivial causes teeth-
Ing. Indigestion , worms , etc. Some
times H convulsion is the first sign of
a serious acute illHenee , as Infectious
.fever , pneumonia , etc.
The child Vhould be put In a hot
bath (100 to 104 degrees F. ) , for about
five minutes. This will usually control
the ttpnftm , nml the patient can be put
to bed mid other necessary measures
tHken. cKpevlally ( 'leaning out the bow
els , which' may be moat rapidly ac
co'rnplluhed by an eneinu. A pbysicluu
hould. c * courav. be called.
Curgicul Trouble * ,
. -lu ( hie condition inert U
laceration of ligaments , blood vessels
and ther structures surrounding a
joint. The first treatment is to plncu
the Injured part In hot water and ap
ply hat cloths for half an hour. The
joint should then be bandaged , not too
tightly , nml kept at rest until the
acute swelling and tenderness subside
Alternate applications of hot and cold
water poured over the joint from a
pitcher are often beneficial. It Is a
mNtiiUc to attempt continuous self
treatment of a severe sprain. Months
of suffering and crippling may result
fiotu neglect to secure early surgical
nil ) . Tht * X ray has demonstrated
thnt mippo.scd simple sprains are often
complicated by fractures.
Fracture * .
When a limb Is fractured the first
Mop Is to apply a temporary splint in
order to prevent needless Injury to
soft parts by the ends of the fractured
bone. Any ntlff material , an umbrella ,
rolled up newspapers , canes , etc. , may
be bound to the limb by handkerchiefs ,
towels or bandages uniil surgical aid
has been procured. In fractures of the
leg one leg may be bound to the other
If the ukln has been broken the frac
ture IH termed compound , and extreme
care is necessary to prevent further
laceration or infection of the tissues.
Slight punctured or lacerated wounds
are often neglected or improperly
treated , owing to the fact that no
medical aid IH sought. For the reason
thnt blood poison and lockjaw are not
uncommon following comparatively
trivial injuries all wounds should be
clounwed as quickly as possible with
peroxide of hydrogen , turpentine or
Home antiseptic solution. A sterilized
gauze pad should then be applied and
held in place by rubber adhesive plas
ter or gauze bandages. The use of
strong antiseptic solutions in wounds
is no longer customary. When the
wound Is Infected , as evidenced by
heat , redneso. swelling or discharge of'
pus. the parts should be cleansed fre
quently with peroxide of hydrogen and
a dimple wet dressing applied as fol
low * : A gauze pnd Is bandaged over
the wound and kept moist with a sat
urated solution of bicarbonate of soda
In boiled water. Antiseptic solutions
kill perms , but they also Interfere with
the natural repnrntive work of the
Danger * of Carbolic Acid.
Carbolic ncld should be banished
from the household , except In the form
of cnrbolated vaseline. This prepara
tion may be useful to apply to cuts or
sores in emergencies. Solutions of car
bolic acid constantly applied to the
extremities , fingers , toes. etc. . have
been known to cause gangrene.
Every useful purpose served by car
bolic ncld us a household remedy can
be served by simple nonpolsonous an-
tlpeptlc ? > , mich as a saturated solution
of boric acid or the official liquor an
tlseptlcus of the United States Phar
macopoeia. Diluted with several pnrts
of water , thi" latter preparation tna.v
be used whenever a cleansing nntlaep
tic wabh Is required.
Probably nothing causes more excite
incut In tin * household than burns or
scalds and thK explain * why first iild
Is so beldoin properly and promptly sp
The iit ! i convenient and perliapn
the IIOM remedy to apply IH oidlnnry
b.iKInodn Thin nuiy be applied In
l > oli'i < : uid tlu > piirtR wrapped In
clcjin linen ( loths , pauze , etc. . mul
then coicicdltli cotton , or the Imnd
ayes inn.v saturated and kept moist
with 11 Miiing solution of the Mida
Bllstois tihotnd be punctured with n
needle thnt 1ms been sterilized in boll
lug water , but the Fkin shoirld not be
When a burn Is very extenblve 1m
mediate proper dressing is ditllriilt.
and it Is extremely important to reduce
the chock and protect the burned RTCM
from the air. This may be quickly
done by placing the patient in a warm
alt bath , keeping the temperature be
tween ( M and 104 degrees F. Such
treatment IK often continued for a long
time , replenishing the water , of courte.
as it becomes contaminated. Stimu
lants Internally are called for.
Accumulations of wax or foreign
bodies In the ear khould be removed by
syringing with warm water or taturat
ed solution of boric acid. Insecta may
be suffocated with a few drops of pure
'sweet ell aml then removed by syring
ing with warm water. It Is a bad
practice to use oil in the ear for the
removal of wax. If syringing with
warm water does not suffice a physi
cian should be consulted.
Earache Is usually due to Inflnmma
tion. which may develop into snppura
tion and abscess. Heat should be np
plied by means of hot water bags ,
hot cltiy poultice ( Cataplasma kaolin.
D. S. P. ) or hot fomentations. Hot
water may be poured into the ear
while the patient reclines on his op
poslte side and the beat retained by
covering the affected ear with cloth *
caturnted with hot water and the
whole covered over with a flannel pnd
Bleeding From the No * * .
In old people or those with a tend
* ncy to apoplexy a hemorrhage from
the nose inny prove a relief and
should not be too hastily checked
Where It is desirable to check a hem
orrhage the application of cold to the
nose nnd back of the neck will ofteu
prove efficient Syringing with perox
Ide of hydrogen In also an excellent
emergency remedy. Syringing with n
hot salt solution at a temperature of
12fi degrees F. is another efficient
measure. If the temperature of the
solution Is lower than 126 degrees It
will oftly ajrjrravate the hemorrhage.
Wife ( whose husband , the local
mayor , has just been knlgntednave
yon heard from the man who offered
to trace our pedigree ? Rtubund Yes ;
he has fonud ont more than enough.
Wife What did yon pay him ? Hus
band Fifty pounds to hold bis
t0ac * I Ix > ndon Opinion.
w&st ids ire tBtcUT * .
H. M. Culbortson of Long Pine is In
John HoblnFon went to Chicago on
Mrs Percy Payne of KlRln was In
the city \IsitlnK with friends.
J J. Clements returned from n busi
ness trip to Vnlontlno yesterday.
Theodore W. Mueller returned from
u week's visit with friends at Chey
Mrs. Joseph Everlmrt of N'ollKli was
lioro vIslthiR with Mrs. A. II. Ducking-
Dr. C. F. W. Marquardt has moved
his household goods to G02 South Sev
enth street , where lie will make his
C. E. Lowe has stored his house
Morris Irvln has purchased n now
torpedo shaped automobile.
Mrs. K , E. Drebert of Foster was lu
the city visiting with relatives.
H. K. Mason of Meadow Grove was
in the city transacting business.
Hev. W. D. Bradley of Meadow
Grove was in the city in his automo
bile visiting with friends.
Among the day's out-of-town visitors
In Norfolk weip. Margaret Allgor ,
IJutto ; Ruth Allgor , lluttc ; Bruno Jac
obs. Page ; Mr. and Mis. Sam Hixlcr ,
Gordon ; J. W. Hutchison , Central
City ; B. R. Ulckison , O'Neill ; P. .
Muthi'us , Madlhon ; Dan Ganls , Plain-
view , R. L. Tindale , Plainvlew ; M.
Sorenr.on , Plainvlew ; W. L. Mote ,
Plalnvieu ; Mr. and Mrs. Leo S. Legn ,
Spencer ; George P. Thles , Pllger ; E.
A. Anderson , Snnteo ; George Roe , jr. ,
The household goods of A. N. Kcr-
rln have been moved to Hot Springs ,
William RItzloff has moved to South
Dakota from 813 South Second street.
Mrs. B. Woodruff has had her house
hold goods stored and has moved to
G. V. Brown has moved from 200
South Tenth street and Is leaving for
The Norfolk Long Distance Tele
phone company has added a new wire
chief to their staff in this city.
The household goods of Dr. J. H.
Mackay were loaded into a freight car
Friday and shipped to Francltas , Tex.
The report of the committee to buy
a building site will be the feature of
the regular meeting of the Elks this
A quantity of ore , supposed to con
tain a portion of gold-was found by
Fred Harter in the gravel pit of King
The Norfolk Metal company shipped
.1 car of old rubber to the eastern mar
ket yesterday , including many old
Herbert King reports that he will
be ready to occupy his new automo
bile garage at 225 Norfolk avenue
within three weeks.
The city drinking fountain on the
corner of Fourth street and Norfolk
avenue was formally opened for its
summer's work yesterday afternoon.
The high school baseball team went
to Nellgh Saturday afternoon for a
game with the Nellgh high school
team. The next game will be played
In Norfolk next Saturday afternoon.
The Rock Island Sash and Door
company are making Norfolk their
permanent distributing point for this
territory. This firm sent from Nor
folk a number of cars of sash and
In response to protests against the
unsanitary condition of the Northwest
ern stock yards , north of the city ,
made by the city council , railroad of
ficials are reported to have made an
investigation of the yards yesterday
Herbert Wlchman , operator of the
electric cancelling machine at the lo
cal postofiice , has been acting in the
capacity of demonstrator for the past
week. A large number of visitors call
at the postofBce daily to see the new
M. L. Mote of Plainview was an in
terested reader of The News Friday
evening when he read therein"an item
of ten years ago which announced the
arrival of Mr. and Mrs. Mote in Nor
folk. Mr. Mote came to Norfolk on a
business visit Friday.
Norfolk is to bsvvo a baseball team ,
notwithstanding the fact that the ef
forts on the part of a dozen or so
baseball fans to organize si club have
failed. A manager is to be elected
within the next few days and , a team
will commence practice.
City Assessors have been busy as
sessing Norfolk property for the past
week. F. G. Coryell , who has the sec
tion of the city south of Norfolk avenue -
enue to assess , reports that there will
be more assessing to do this year than
there was last. Fred Braasch is as
sessor for the section north of Nor
The large street clock for which
Scofleld & Wetzel have been waiting
for several weeks , arrived yesterday
and was placed in front of their store
on Norfolk avenue. The clock Is a
great accommodation to those who
wish the correct time. Electricity pro
vides sufficient light during the night
so that the time can be read from a
Pierce , Stanton or Battle Creek are
to receive a visit from Norfolk busi
ness men who are to be asked to Join
In an automobile tour within the next
month. Charles Ahlman and Herbert
King are arranging the tour and are
to visit the owners of cars in connec
tion with the tour in the near future.
The tour is for the purpose of adver
R. Y. Hyde , district plant chief of
the Nebraska Telephone company ,
who Is here looking over the telephone
situation for his company , Is prepar
ing more capacity for what is said by
Bell telephone officials to be an extra
ordinary growth In that company's
business in this city. New cables and
more extension are necessary. It Is
believed the underground work will
soon be started.
The city jail Is being turned Into a
hospital nnd is becoming widely *
Lnown UE a renting place for tramps.
During the past week the pollco
allowed tramps a bed and cool for
bent in the city jail. Friday night
four of the road tuon applied for ti
bed and were given the hospitality of
the prison. One of their number wan
111 nnd ho was looked after by the po
lice. "To repay the city for n little of
this hospitality , " says one tuan , "the
police should put them to work for at
least one day on the street , or on tin-
rock pile. "
Dan Crnxen'H experience a few dtos
ago brings with It an echo of n similar
accident which happened to K. M. Nor
ton twenty-one years ago , when Mr
Norton's Alcove was caught by n hot
screw In some machinery In the old
laundry. He wns not hurt hut nil lilt
clothing was torn from IIR | body , nave
his shoes , necktie and collar. Mi-
Norton Is now engaged In the tok > -
phone business at Wheatland. Wyom
If the Union Pacific over does get
ready to build that depot It will he .
combination freight nnd passenger Ma-
tion Instead of ono building for each
department , according to the latest
plans of the company. Originally It
wa * planned to build freight nnd pas
senger depots separately , hut this ar
rangetnent has been changed recently
it Is said. There Is no further dou'l
npment to Indicate that the depot will
he built this > ear.
Mrs. Charles Rice , who recently ru
turned from Omaha , where she spent
a week's visit with friends , was UNO
victim of pickpockets on an Omahti
street car. Mrs. Rice , before attendIng -
Ing the matinee at u theater , Intended
to do some shopping. On Uio street
car she placed n 'small coin purse In
her shopping bag. This bag was open
ed by a pickpocket and the small
purbc containing $17 was extracted.
The thief was raptured , hut the mon
ey had disappeared.
Ynnkton Press and Dakotan : At 4
o'clock Friday morning a delegation of
twenty-five Omaha boosters will pull
into Yanktou in their private car for a
return visit of the Yankton delegation
which went to Omaha last fall , and n
conference on the railroad leading out
of Yankton south , In which the Omaha
men are intensely Interested. These
men come as the representatives of
the biggest Interests in Omaha , and It
Is through them that the southern ex
tension must come , so their visit here
at this time has a great deal of sig
The regular annual meeting for the
election of officers was held by Da
mascus Comtnandery No. 20 Friday
evening. The order of the tetuplo was
conferred upon Dr. C. J. Green of
Wayne. After the elections of offi
cers and regular business , a luncheon
was served and a round-thc-table ses
sioii was held. In the latter S. G. Dean
featured with an interesting talk. Oth
er members gave several brief discus
sions. Grand Master H. A. Cheney of
Creighton , J. H. Kemp of Wayne nnd
J. G. Mines of Wayne were out-of-town
visitors. The following officers were
elected for the ensuing year : D. Rees.
eminent commander ; S. P. Ersklne.
generalissimo ; Joseph Alhery , captain
general ; L. C. Mittelstadt , treasurer.
G. T. Sprecher , recorder. The usual
appointments are to he made by Em
inent Commander Rees today. G. B
Salter , who was succeeded by Mr.
Rees as eminent commander , will be
made past eminent commander at the
installation of officers , which take- :
place on May 25.
Twenty-nine Plague Deaths.
Amoy , China , April 22. During the
two weeks past there were twenty-
nine deaths from bubonic plague and
&e\en deaths from smallpox reported'
In this i-ity.
New Town In the Race.
Dallas , S. D.r April 22. Special to
i The News : The survey of the new
| town of White River in the center of
Mellette county , S. D. , has just been
completed. This town will bo an as
pirant for the county seat of the new
county In the election to be held May
Conditions now indicate that Mel
lette county will be opened to settle
ment this summer or fall.
AH a.n argument in behalf of their
town , promoters of White River point
out that this town , being In the eraflt
center of the county , is the natural
county seat location and that the river
Is an advantage.
She Heard Norfolk Needed Hoepltal
Commercial club directors wei
busy yesterday afternoon conferrln
with a North Bend woman who cam' '
here for the solo purpose of taki
charge of a Norfolk hospital , whi _
she declared she had learned Norfolk- '
wanted and needed badly. She
told that the Commercial club had no'tV
outlined any plan on the hospital prop11
osltlon at this time. Some of the Com
mercial club men believe that If Nor
folk should get a hospital , some
church should handle It , They do no
believe the people or business men
should take entire charge of it.
THE LEAKS KEPT LEAKING.
No Plumbers Available for Repair
Work on Arbor Day.
The usual quietude of the pollco
judge's office was broken Saturday
morning when Chief of Police Mar-
quardt reported to Water Coramis-
bloner Brummund that two bad leaks
In the city's water system had been
reported to him and that they should
bo looked after immediately.
It developed that there was but one
available plumber In the city and he
could not repair the leaks because he
had no license to do plumbing In Nor
The two city officials then went
over the list of local plumbers , and
after exchanging notes found that
each had visited them all In an effort
to make the repairs. Ono of them
was 111 ; another would not work on
Arbor day , and another was out of the
While the water commissioner ex
plained In a lengthy argument that he
himself could not dig a ditch to make
the repairs , the water was playing
havoc with property.
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