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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 9, 1910)
THK NORFOLK WEEKLY NEWS-JOUKNAL , FRIDAY , Spl'TEMHEU 9 , 1910.
The Norfolk Weekly News-Jouma/ /
Vnc INOWH , F.stnbllHhed 1881.
me Journal , Established 1S77
THE HUSE PUDLI8HING COMPANY.
W. N. fliiHu. N. A. Huso ,
Every Friday By mall per year , tl.60.
Rnlnri'd at the postolllco at Norfolk ,
Nob. , as Hi-coiid class nmttoi.
Telephones : Hdlturlal Department
No. 22. Business Olllce and Job Room's I
No. H 22.
Hoko Smith of Georgia has demon
strated his ability to "come back. "
A few more cool mornings and we
shall hear the annual cry of coal short
Dr. Crlppen says ho has no time
for Americans. The dislike Is thor
No man who Isn't hard nt work
when there Is work to bo done is
ever entirely happy.
Governor Draper of Massachusetts
lias won n golf match , which may coat
him about Ei.OOO votes.
Boston and St. Louis are neck and
neck for fourth place In the census.
Which 11 shall win , Beans or Beer ?
Kaiser William says he rules by
divine right , ballot boxes being a mere
toy such as the girls play dolls with.
New York Is now the second largest
city in the world. It is as large as
nny two foreign cities , excepting Lon
If Roosevelt so much as mentions
the ten commandments , Wall street
shivers and says It Is no fair twitting
Before you try to make a man eat
his words be sure that ho is not one
of the kind who would rather light
Governor Haskell of Oklahoma
wants to succeed Senator Gore. That
would certainly bo putting the clock
A Missouri court says it's the duty
of the pedestrian to dodge automo
biles. Not only his duty , but his only
Men of strong individual character
with positive views on subjects and
with decided habits , are the mon
who do things.
It is said that counterfeit $1,000 bills
are in circulation. The greater num
ber of the people are not alarmed ,
however , about getting them.
Eight million acres of tasseled wav
ing corn Is a part of Missouri's con
tribution to the muscle and wealth of
the nation only a part , mind you !
The customs men are searching for
diamond smugglers , and it's rumored
that such gems as truth and honesty
are not common among our tourists.
Probaly T. R. never looked so much
like n supreme court judge in all his
robes , ns at Marshaltown , In. , when
lie came out In pajamas and raincoat.
Emerson well said , "A man passes
for what he is worth. What he Is
engraves itself on his face , on his
form , on his fortunes in letters of
A New York doctor says the nose
and throat are affected by motoring.
But he failed to say anything about
the pernicious anaemia produced In
The sultan of. Sulu supports fourteen
wives on a salary of $125 a month and
there are lots of men In this country
who. on the same amount , find it dilll-
cult to keep one.
Oiled roads are said to lessen the
mosquito nuisance in New Jersey.
Probably they only drive the skeets
out from the roads to bite the farm
ers ip the hay fields.
When the big corporations cancel
orders merely because someone goes
around the country saying "Be honest ,
don't steal , " it looks as if something
was wrong somewhere.
Now that hypothetical bombs are
dropping on theoretical battleships
from presumable airships , it is time
to invent some supposttlonous chicken
wire to ward them off.
If women want to wear trousers ,
why don't they do so , Instead of the
hobble skirt , a garment with all the
ugliness and none of the convenience
of the masculine apparel ?
i Although there is a strong agita
tion against bosses , political machines
1 are not easily sent to the scrap heap.
| However , there nro frequent changes
in the fellows who handle the lover.
In one of the very strong democratic
districts of Missouri , the republican
nominee for congress received three
votes nt the primaries. Ho declares
ho did not vote for himself , either.
Scientists nro becoming harder and
harder in their denunciation of the
house fly. They give It nn Increasing
ly bad character. It is hold responsi
ble for thousands of deaths annual
ly and the slogan "swat the fly" Is be
coming IncreaBlngly popular.
Fashionable dressmakers and wo
men's tailors say that women are In
creasing In size and will soon bccomo
the physical equals of men. In fact ,
they already average a greater weight.
Great snake , 100.000,000 people In
the United States territory ? Uncle
Sirm will have to place a limit on
membership and have a waiting list
If he wants to keep this a select club.
The newspapers waste altogether
too much space on the activities and
adventures of some men who have
nothing to commend them except
money. F. Augustus Helnze Is one of
There Is said to ho about one cow
for every five people In the United
States , but many of them must give
a very small allowance of milk or the
lacteal fluid and its products would
not bo so scarce.
Maryland enjoys the distinction of
having the youngest member of the
sixty-first congress , In fact , the young
est person ever elected to congress , In
the person of Harry B. Wotlf , who Is
called "Baby of the House. "
Milwaukee has just como to the con
clusion that its policemen should be
provided with cool garments for hot
.weather. It Is late In the season for
this decision. Overcoats and car muffs
will soon be the necessary equipment.
Eight hundred thousand have sign
ed the C. W. Morse pardon petition.
Most of them would sign a petition
for their own Incarceration before tak
ing the bother to read It.
Business is hanging on the ragged
edge for the anti-trust decisions , but
It would be a blow to Industry to
have the senators quit fence repairing
three days while confirming the new
justices at Washington.
Even the Kansas Insurgents indorse
the protective system. The issue be
tween republicans Is thus not one of
principle , but merely to determine a
fair rate of protection , a difference
easily adjusted In due time.
Colonel Roosevelt tells New Mexico
and Arizona to have their constitu-
j lions easy of amendment. This is a
radical departure from the United
States constitution , which Is amended
only by killing off several hundred
The automobile has proved an un-
equallfled success as a dog discour
ager. The canines find little satis
faction in running in front of an auto
and barking at It , and not Infrequently
one ends his earthy career in this un
The hydroplane bids fair to rival
the aeroplane for speed. The passion
pfor speed for recreative purposes is
in direct contradiction to the constant
preaching of the day for deliberation
as the characteristic temper of noli-
' day keeping.
Last year the building enterprises
in the large cities of the country con
sumed about a billion dollars , most
of which went for fire resisting struc
tures. This rate of progress ought to
reduce our fire losses perceptibly In
the course of a few years.
Senator Tillman , who was in very
poor health , went back to farming and
Is now decidedly better. Look out for
a boom of the "farming euro" now
among the distinguished invalids.
Everything seems to bo coining the
farmers' way even the sick.
One mean turn deserves another.
A few years ago William Corey , the
Plttsburg steel magnate , left his wife
who had been devoted to him for
years , got a divorce and married the
actress Mabelle Oilman. Now Mabclle
Is to leave him and again go on the
Our flag Is a rare specimen to be
found on a merchant marine ship in
the mid Atlantic and under present
policies it will not flap numerously in
the mid Pacific breezes either. We
are digging a canal to admit European
vessels Into the Pacific and Japanese
vessels into the Atlantic.
Copper cents are not easily destroy
ed , and , inasmuch , as they are money
one would expect them to be fairly
well taken care of , but they disap
pear In a most mysterious manner.
1 The United States has to put 80,000-
1 000 of them into circulation annually
' and the majority of them never comeback
back for redemption.
A country bred man who found In n
stationery store in New York City a
box of little pine sticks about six
Inches long , labeled "whittling sticks"
and sold them for a penny , decided
promptly to return to the country
where boys could have whittling sticks
of respectable dimensions without the
money and without the price.
Since the race tracks of the past
nro no longer much used for the pur
pose for which they were designed , it
has been found that they nro especial
ly adapted to the use of the flying ma
chine. The stands accommodate the
spectators , the stalls are usually for
storage purposes , and they are usual
ly found on good transportation lines.
Everything finds its use If you give
\Ve do not \ouch for the truth of
these statements , but nn exchange In
one of the western states , writing of
n cyclone which recently occurred
there , says , "It turned a well inside
out. a cellar upside down , moved a
township line , blow the staves out of
a whisky barrel and left nothing but
a bung hole , changed the day of the
week , blew a moitgase oif a farm ,
blew all the cracks out of a fence and
knocked the wind out of a politician. "
There have been \vonuuriul changes
In the Dominion of Canada since it
last extended hospitality to British
loyalty , and the coming of the duke of
Connaught. uncle of Great Britain's
king , to Canada , ns governor general ,
calls bpeclal attention to the fact that
there are more thriving towns whore a
barren frontier formerly frowned , a
rich and progressive nation where not
long ago were many separate pro
vinces. The Canadians possess a fine
school system and broad and compre
hensive government. The new gover
nor general will find a most progres
sive people inhabiting this largest of
I all the possessions of the British em
A Columbia university statistician
has been comparing the census fig
ures thus far announced at Washing
ton with those of the previous enuin-
< oration. lie figures that the average
' gain thus far shown is 29.7 percent.
j If a similar percentage applies to the
1 rest of the country the net gain for
I the whole country will bo about 27-
i 000,000 , making the total population
of the continental United States over
I Farmers have been complaining for
years against the high charges for
railroad transportation. Their com
plaints may have been justified , but or-
I ganlzation among them and the ship
pers promises to bring a satisfactory
adjustment of the railroad rate prob
lem. It would appear to be high time
for the farmers and shippers to co
operate In nn effort to Improve the
i roads and thus reduce the freight
| charges over the country highways.
Their delay in doing this is responsi
ble for one of the greatest of the na
tion's economic wastes.
i NORFOLK IS HEALTHY.
Norfolk Is In a healthy condition.
There isn't an available house to rent
in the city nor is there an empty
business building or room. The de
mand for both exceeds the supply.
This In itself is a good sign of the
city's condition. And on top of that ,
there's progress on every hand. Busi
ness houses have made notable im
provements during the summer. The
1 street paving is at hand. A Carnegie
library is just finished. A. Y. M. C.
A. building is on the way.
New business enterprises are com
ing to town and the city's growth is
going on with a steadiness that is
pleasing to the people of Norfolk.
I Back to the farm ? The census re
turns which come dribbling out from
day to day indicate that all the talk
we have had on that subject must
look to the present decade for results ,
not the one just past. Michigan , for
example , shows a population of S.S'J-
j 191 or 1C.1 percent for the past ton
I years ; while the city of Detroit alone
gained over 180,000 , and 265,000 of the
state's total increase can be found in
seven of the larger cities whoso fig
ures have so far not been publish
ed. The other cities will doubtle.s lo
cate most of the remaining increase ,
I leaving to the agricultural little or no
' gain at all.nd a fairer farmirg re
gion than Michigan does not exist
Michigan's population gain from 1)0 ! )
to 1900 was 15.0 percent against thu
present 1C.1 percent , while In the
decades of 1880-1890 and 1870-1880 the
gain -was respectively , 27.9 and H8.2
1 Rigid economy In governmental de
partments will be one of the first
subjects taken up in the president's
message to congress In December.
The preparation of the message has
already begun. Other recommenda
tions which he has in mind are for
reform in federalsclvll and criminal
: court practices , on which ho was unable -
able to get nny action during the last
session ; employer's liability and work-
Ingmen's compensation nets ; changes
In the government of Alaska , giving
the territory a strong voice in its'In
ternal affairs ; an appropriation for
the work of the tariff board ; anti-in
junction laws ; legislation affecting
stocks and bonds in case the commis
sion of investigation makes its report
' in time ; nn appropriation for further
work of the tariff board ; appropria
tions to carry into effect the postal
. savings bank law ; a centralhed bu
: reau of health , bringing all government -
! ment olllclnls who look after sanita
tion and public health into ono bu
reau and such now conservation laws
as developments may show to bo ne
cessary. The fortification of the Pan
ama canal and the building of two
now battleships will also bo among
the fourteen principal subjects to be
covered by the message.
In the old days smugglers were out
law folk , who hid In caves by day ,
and who risked their lives by night
to land their contraband booty In dan
gerous harbors under the guns of
watchful ipvenue olllcers. Most of
them cnmc to nn untimely end.
Today the smugglers arc directors
of our lending social clubs and bust-
ess < ori oiatlons. Often they sit in
he front seats r' church.Ve may
' ondomn them privately , but most of
us feel ll.itteied if they condescend
to ofTer us a lift In their automobiles
. olng down town.
'Yet is theie any essential difference
in the quality of the act at these two
different peilods ?
There may be two opinions on the
justice or fairness of the duties that
are Imposed , but there should be but
one on the meanness of those eva
sions , so many of which have been
exposed this past year. It Is not fairer
or right that Mrs. Newly rich , who
can spend her spare time about the
boulevard shops of Paris , should be
able to bring home low priced furs
and jewels , while the great body of
middle class people are forced to pay
the same price plus the duty. It is
a notorious fact that our national
revenue could be greatly increased If
duties could be fairly collected. Eva
sion of the customs robs every taxpay
er and Impairs the efllclcncy of our
machinery for collecting public funds.
ROOSEVELT IN OMAHA.
Omaha did things in its usual en
thusiastic manner when Colonel
Roosevelt visited that place last Fri
day. The day opened with lowering
clouds which shortly after developed
into a downpour of rain , so that the
early portion of the day seemed rather
spiritless , but by the time of the
luncheon of the Field club at 120 : ; ! ,
the sun was shining brightly and the
enthusiasm of the 400 guests who
broke bread with the colonel was
warmed up to an intense pitch. Fully
two-thirds 01 the guests had been in
vited from all sections of the state ,
by which act the Commercial club of
that city again put the people of the
state under obligations to the enter
prising hustlers of the metropolis.
From the gathering of the hosts nt
the Field club until late at night
Colonel Roosevelt's time was more
than filled. A monster meeting at the
Auditorium nt 4 o'clock listened to
one of the colonel's strongest
speeches. Then came an elaborate
dinner at the Omaha club , followed
by a session at the Aksarben den that
was full of interest to Colonel Roosevelt
velt as well as the guests. All in all ,
the festivities were of such a charac
ter that Omaha may well feel proud
of the efforts put forth to make the
day a success , and it was an event in
the colonel's trip that will long be
remembered by him.
Now for fall business.
Do your Christinas shopping now.
Well , Julia , do you love your
Notice how much shorter the days
are getting ?
Still three straw hats running wild
in Norfolk. Swat "em.
Be up early , Johnny , if you want the
Isn't there any kind of bait that the
sun will nibble at ?
And we didn't have but ono circus
this whole blooming summer.
Winter's on the way. The mice are
crawling back into the house.
By tomorrow there'll bo a full
Hedged crop of teachers' pets.
Get your ears tuned up in anticipa
tion of the jolly jingle of the school
We'd have n better corn crop than
most parts of the United States , If it
were to frost tonight.
Labor day in a country town is a
day when everybody labors but the
banker and the postoffice force.
Madame Housekeeper has a Just
cause for complaint. Here are three
Mondays in succession that it has
Norfolk has a better ball team than
it had last year , and the one last year
got paid for playing while the one this
season plnjo for the love of the sport.
It's always the same bunch that
gobble up the back seats , year in and
year out. They'll bo gobbling up the
front seats In the band wagon when
they're out of school.
If you should see n young woman
stepping briskly along the street , her
head high and her hair done up with
line attention to detail ; gowned in n
brand new fall suit and with brand
now shoes , and wearing eyeglasses
she's n school ma'am back from her
ATCHISON GLOBE SIGHTS.
Leave booze alone. Booze oven
beats prize lighters.
Success is a good thing to climb
for , but It has its worries.
It Is probable that every pretty man
thinks of going on the stage.
"If n man can't give you news , " said
the city editor to the reporter , "don't
let him waste your time telling you
funny stories. "
This year , and last year , there has
been a newspaper war on files. Have
An old man loves rules ns much as
a boy hates them.
Militiamen itoirt lenr back so far
when they stand * , tlll as regulars.
Throe-fourths of what n woman
does , her husband calls puttering.
Nothing makes a thin man so mad
as to tell him he Is getting thinner.
A sore corn can do a pretty large
job of soreness , considering Its size.
You can't make a fox terrier out of
n cur by cutting off Its tall.
i A hammock loafer may not bo nny
.lazier . than other vniletles , but she
I looks lazier.
In every business failure , there are
a lot of "funny" things that people
dissect and discuss.
The people seem to be improving a
little They care less for political
meetings than formerly
We know nn Atehlson man who
could get along pretty easily , If the
gold In his teetli drew Interest.
It looks as though there would be
money In a lady baseball club , but
Did you over .notice that the woman
on a silver coin wears a pompadour
and a turban ? r
A woman's Idea of economy "is to
name another woman who paid a
higher price for her new hat.
When you do a thing that pleases
i o one but your enemies , it is safe to
&ay that you have made a mistake.
When you go to a country picnic ,
you ai-p not much good unless you get
more than one invitation to dinner.
At a country picnic when an excited
man comes up and inquires , "Where
is the sheriff ? " the people wonder
what is up.
"I don't believe , " said a man today ,
" 1 would take much pleasure in wear
ing the biggest mustache in town , or
the longest finger nails. "
We try not to become excited , but
we do every time we see poster In
Atehlson advertising a circus per
formance in another town.
Some chauffeurs seem to think they
are showing the walk public ample
consideration by not going up on the
sidewalk after them.
The football rules have been worked
over again to make the game more
sane , but nothing has been done to
eliminate the terrible college yell.
Some men think their right to be
in > an to their wives and newspaper
reporters is inalienable , like right to
life , liberty and the pursuit of hap
A woman can't decide that she likes
a strange woman , until she has found
from her husband's opinion of the
strange woman that she could never
steal him away.
What little satisfaction there must
be in getting drunk to a deaf and
dumb man ! He can't sing , and he
can't settle great problems by talkIng -
Ing to sober men.
An Atehlson woman makes $2 a
week by keeping a cow , and supplies
the family with milk , cream and but
ter. She is so proud of her cow that
she compels her husband to take off
his hat to it.
When a man remains a bachelor ,
his mother is very proud of him. "He
is too smart , " she will say , "to be
caught by any woman. " But , when
her daughter remains a spin , why
An Atehlson girl is so modest that
when she goes to the store to try on
shoes , she takes her mother along.
She doesn't propose to have a man
handle her feet without a protector
within hailing distance.
The boys are not the only ones who
remain up Into nt night , thinking that
something Important Is liable to hap
pen , which they will miss if they go
to bed at a reasonable hour. Every
night , in the lobster palaces of New
York , may be found regularly thou
sands of men who spend their money
like fools , and look for excitement that
We have known a certain Atchison
man thirty-three years , and during
all that time ho has been working for
a noble purpose. And with all fairness - '
ness and candor , we cnnnot see that j
he has ever accomplished anything , j
although we have heard many talk i
mean about him , because he takes' '
up so much of the tlmo of busy men. !
If you want to do good , do it by mod
est example , rather than by loud talk
This morning wo saw Ward Chat-
burn , manager of the Electric thea
ter , standing in front of n Commercial
street stairway , talking to someone
wo could not see. We thought wo
had never scon Mr. Chatburn look so
strange ; he didn't look like himself.
Wo couldn't help thinking : "What
has happened to Ward Chntburn ? "
When wo cnmo up to him , wo saw
what made him look so strange ; ho
was talking to his opposition , Leo
Gunnlson , manager of the Crystal the
ater. No man can talk to his opposi
tion , and look natural.
Things Essential For Building
lOWAN'S VALUABLE LESSON.
With n Small Capital Donated by Fel
low Townsmen He Improved Roads
In Jefferson Township , Wayne Coun
ty Drainage n Dig Factor.
An authority on the construction of
highways has the foi'owlng ' to say In
regard to the construction of country
roads. He says :
To have n good road in nny country
In the first place we must have drain
age. You will all agree with me there ,
because a road must be kept dry or It
will bo soft. 1 have n system of road
work which I have followed for the
last live or six years. We must have a
system by wlikh to build our roads or
we never can have good roads.
I know of no better way to give my
system of road work than to tell how
I worked half of a township for three
years , then tell how I fixed and main
tained certain pieces of road.
Five years ago 1 took one-half of the
road work In Jefferson township ,
Wayne county , la. , there being about
thirty-six miles of road in very bad
From Good Iloads MnRnzino , Now York.
ailAUINCl THE HIOIIWAV
shape , ditched up and culverts In very
bad shape and only about forty poll
taxes and § 3W ) to do this work with , j '
I took two plows , right and left.
went all over the roads , plowing fur
rows from twenty to twenty-two feet.
apart on the side of the road. Sometimes - j
times when the road was in trough
shape 1 plowed as close as eighteen ,
feet. And low places and near culverts
where I had used scrapers I plowed
three or four furrows on n side. By I
the time I got over the rends , I knew' '
just what had to be done and how to
distribute my work. As soon ns it was
dry enough to scrape I wont on the
road with a small crew. I fixed the
culverts and wherever I felt 1 had
time filled in ditches and threw up low
places and got it in shape for grader.
I mostly put on ten horses donated
by the people. In the fall some wanted
their roads graded again and donated
the work. 1 got S1 V > donation work.
Then I went on the roads again with
the plows and plowed one furrow on
each hide of the road , then fixed culverts -
verts and put in the time throwing up
low places and tilling large ditches. I
then went over the road with a grader ,
asking a little donation in some places
where the roads needed a little more
work. I got ? . 0 donation and the roads
In line shape. Next year 1 went on the
road and fixed culverts and places
where water had made some large
ditches and scraped In the sand that
lodged In the low places and at the
foot of the hills. When the ground got |
in good condition 1 took two King ,
drags. I hitched to them so they ran
ut an angle of forty-five degrees , commenced - '
menced at outside of road , and when I
came to a hill \ \ here the banks needed
cutting I hitched near the end , so it
would cut the bank that was to move
the ditch over from the road. Wo
would go a few rounds , one drag
cutting up hill and the other down.
Six years ago a steep hill cast of my
house was In n trough shape , and I
plowed the sides and throw it In with
the pcrapor until I had it highest In
the middle and about twenty feet
wide. It took about one-half day.
Then I commenced dragging it , and
quite n large ditch had got on ono
side. I widened it by running against
the bank with the wagon wheel while
driving to the field , using it for n lock
and to wear out the bank.
A hill west of my place which I com
menced to drag some time ago was
lowest In the middle. I had ten acres
of ground to plow , which took me
about four days. I hitched on to my
drag with three horses , put the plow j
on it and started to the field. I com
menced the rend about twenty feet j
wide. A part of the way there was '
Bod. I would bring the drag home and
take it back every tlmo I went. By
the time the field was plowed I had nn
impression on the road , so the water
took to the side of the road where I
bad gone with the drag. Soon the
ditches were a foot deep , and , of ,
course , the middle was a foot the high
est. 1 kept on dragging every tlmo 1
went to the field and would set my
drag into the bank wherever It would
get mellow. The dements did nt least
CO per cent of the work. You may
sight across the banks and the middle
of the road Is no higher than the
banks , so you see the water has done
the work , and I smoothed up nftcr It.
The two miles of road I keep up In
fine shape around my farm , and it
takes about ono day In the year to
keep It np.
Pure Food Laws Successful.
The uirc food laws of Germany are
operating successfully. Dealers now
supply products that meet legal re
quirements in every way.
GOOD ROADS HELP TRADE.
Will Increase Population and Oulld Up
Business of Local Tradesmen.
To no one tnoro than the business
man Is the question of good rnndn n
vltnl Issue. Thi ! uprcadlng of tlu * doc-
trlno of good roads will moan n largo
Increase In the rolunii ! of IMIKIIIOSH , will
lend to great leaps In the development
of this nlroa-1 ; rich country ud will
make money tor every innn In morcan-
tllo llne.s. While directly the building
uf good nmdH will tienollt the fanners
and stock raisers perhaps more than
nny onu else find will ralHu the vnluo
of every farm reached by good roads ,
still the business men come hi a eloBu
Good roada will Increase the produc
tivity of thu land because It will give
Mio farmers n Letter outlet for their
marketable stuff and will load to Mich
an Increase In population that there
will be more workers per square mlle
than there are under the old roads
system. Oood roads will open for set
tlement and cultivation land now lying
out of the radius of profitable farming.
It will put more square miles of terri
tory within trailo distance of your
The business men of any town are
Interested In bringing to thin town
trade from greater distances than Is
easily covered on our present roads.
It Increases the volume of business ,
and every man In business In the com
munity receives his share of the bene
fit. The farmer Is able to haul his
grain and produce to market at less
cost and makes a greater profit per
year from his labor. This additional
proHt Is represented by the additional
amount of cash ho has to spend with
the home dealers. When the farms nro
made to pay larger dividends moro
settlers will come to your neighborhood -
hood , and all of them will hare to
spend money with you and your fel
low business men. Ko , directly and In
directly , the business men are benefit
ed by the building of good roads.
SURFACE DRAINAGE OF ROADS
This Is an Important Feature When
Professor J. II. Davidson of the
Iowa Agricultural college , who Is an
authority on the drainage of highways
to those Interested In the construction
of good roads , says that all roads
should be provided with surface drain
age. The cross section should bo of
such a shape as to shed all rain at
once to the side ditches. To do this
the road must be oval or have a crown
and must be smooth. The first of these
Is a matter of construction and the lat
ter a matter of maintenance. The sldo
drainage system should be called upon
to carry as much water as possible.
Water cannot bo carried away by the
tile drains until the water has sunk
through the soil and softened It.
The crowu of a road should be sulli-
clent to shed the water readily. If the
road is to be maintained and kept free
from ruts and holes less crown will do
than If the road Is to be neglected. The
Iowa highway commission recommend
ed a slope one Inch to a foot for a
crown In the traveled way. This In
sufficient for most conditions. The
crown should not bo too great. A
steep crown causes the travel to be
concentrated at the center , where ruts
will bo worn and washing result.
Again , there Is some difficulty In void ,
cles passing. On the side of the crown
the wheels of the vehicles have a tend
ency to grind the road down. This
action , togi-f or with the swerving or
flow action of the lower part of the
wheel , has a very marked effect.
The steeper the slope of the road the
more Important the crown , for there
is a tendency for the water to run
down the track rather than to the side.
If water once begins to run down the
center of the roadway it is but a short
time until the road Is gullied out.
Juvenile Good Roads League.
A town In Now Jersey saw the eco
nomical necessity of road improvement
ns n means of recapturing scholars
who had gone to the city schools. AVerment
Vermont farmer declares that improv
ed roads mean larger districts and n
better grade of teachers. But good
roads are costly and most costly when
lack of timely care allows them to go
to pieces. A suggestion comes from
Washington that Junior road leagues
be formed In country dibit-lets for the
reason that country roads are "actual
ly patrolled twf-e a day by schoolboys
old enough to give the necessary atte'n-
tion to throwing out stones , opening
ditches and sluices , draining oft storm
water , filling ruts and holes and givIng -
Ing notice to proper authorities of any
thing needing prompt attention on
their part. " Harper's Bazar.
Good Road Mottoes.
Good roads promote rural optimism' .
Mudholos are the forerunners of good
Many a "good enough" road is not
a good road at nil.
It takes more than talk to make a
good road , though talk is necessary to
start It ,
Dract. Brother , Drag !
[ The rend dras has proved so valuable
ti Improving poor highways that oven th
poets hnvo turned their attention to Jt
Here Is what a Missouri bard advises
farmers burdened with bad roads to do. ]
Then "If at'first you don't succeed. "
Draff , brother ; dran.
And once or twice don't nil the need ,
Dra r , brother : drag.
When n shower of rain has passed.
And the eun nhlncs out at last ,
While the roads are drying fast ,
Drntr , brother ; drag.
And Gabo will como alone and nee
Drag , brother ; drag-
Just how a good road ought to be.
Drat ; , brother ; drag.
When ho gets homo ho'll take * his pen
And wrlto you up the best of mon.
And you'll be mighty famous then ( ? )
Drag , brother ; drag.
-Putler ( Mo. ) nopublleftn Preas.
Wealth In Chemicals.
Annual reports of the German chemi
cal factories show continued high divi
dends and trade activity. Dividends
ranged from \2 \ to 32 per cent One
concern clalma to have perfected an
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