The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19??, June 24, 1910, Image 4

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Tin Norfolk Weekly News-Journal
The NUWH. EBtnb'llBhed 1881.
The Journal , Established 1877.
W. N. lltiHc , N. A. lluse.
President. Secretary ,
Kvory Friday l > y mull per yc-ar , $1.50
Knturuil ut thu iioHtulllcu at Norfolk
N b. , IIH BeeOIld Class matter.
TelepluTnf'51 Eflltorlnl DepaiUncut
No. 22. Business Olllco ainl-3ob Rooms
No. 11 22.
The uvuriiKC "HtntcBinon" nro polltl
clans BUgar coated with a little pat
Roosevelt got out of England be
Jure Alfred AtiBtln could write a peen
Hbout him.
Snrnli lUirnhurdt threatens to pla >
another farewell engagement In this
country next fall.
Seventy thousand Kansas farmer *
.arc riding In their own automobiles
Yes , farming does pay.
New York critics want a national
musical Instrument. What's the mat
ler with the phonograph ?
Even the insurgents are well satis
iied with the railroad bill. No out
can say that the railroads wrote it.
The man who Invents a straw hal
that will not turn red or yellow the
llrst time It gets wet will win wealtli
and fame.
A Connecticut man lias been arrest
cd for stealing J1.500 worth of watch
s. He should be sentenced to keep
Jug them wound and properly adjusted ,
Colonel Roosevelt paid duties on all
.articles he Imported. This Innovation
Is a reckless assault on established
A normal student who was asked
to name the products of China , after
some hesitation , said , "tea and laun <
dry work. "
IB It the cost of living that makes
the holes in the pee-a-boo waists
grow bigger , along with the holes in
the doughnuts ?
Having spent five hours in a New
Jersey swamp , Aviator Hamilton can
now incorporate a trust under the
Jaws of that state.
New York children are to get ice
cream July 4 instead of. fire crackers.
Most of them will choose their stomach
ach as against their ears.
Thomas A. Edison has declared war
on the horse and says he should not
be allowed within the city limits. Mr.
.Edison neglects to inform us who will
.haul in the broken down automobiles.
Two hundred drowned in German
floods. That's the kind of thing ex
pected in an old country where there
are few forests to hold back the
Now that Halley's comet is off on
another seventy-five year tramp , we
shall have to hunt up another scape-
Boat to bear the responsibility for all
Ihe freaks of the weather.
Massachusetts school teachers by a
new law must teach thrift to chil
dren. If the teachers were thrifty
themselves many of them would be doIng -
Ing housework for higher wages.
The people who sent messages to
the colonel on board the steamship ,
will not be able to sell the replies to
the autograph dealers with the mere
signature of a wireless operator on
It is fortunate for the development
of the aviation industry that there
are some people to whom the tedious
routine of every day work does not
cffer a sufficient chance of getting all
smashed up.
The wisdom of the world constant
ly tells us that money cannot give us
satisfaction , but to judge by actions
very few even of those who repeat
the trite saying believe it.
The superintendent of the public
schools in Chicago , Mrs. Young , la
quite revolutionary In some of her
Ideas. For instance , the memorizing
of dates in United States history Is
to be largely dispensed with , much to
the delight of the pupils.
A New Foundland fog will be noth
ing to the dense profundity In which
the New Foundland controversy will
be wrapped by the time Senator Root
and his six legal assistants have pre
sented the United States side of this
vexed question at the Hague tribunal.
An exchange asks , "Are the multi
plied millions which we spend in edu
cation to produce good citizenship ,
lost when the ballot box is reached ?
Are we all taking to kill time while
the manipulators and the members of
the legislature get away with the
goods ? No , It Is not so bad as that ,
all senators are not Lorimcrs.
Recent experiments made by the
surgeon general of the United States
army , with a regiment of soldiers In
the Philippines , proves that red un
derwear Is several degrees warmer
than white of the same weight and
texture. Now we mny look for a re
newcd demand for red underwear.
So rapidly are motor earn displacing
the horse In London , that whereat
ten years ago -iGO.OOO horses wen
staliled In London , there are now enl }
110.000. This does not prove that tin
horses are going to become extinct' li
a few years , by any means , but mere
ly that In the great cities the machim
is more convenient and economical.
EdlBon's clerkless store , where tin
customer may , by dropping a coin Ir
a slot , get what he wants done up li
a neat package , will never bo a sue
cess until ho Invents a return slot li
which Bhe may deposit the purchase
to be exchanged for something else
Just a shade lighter or darker.
A Massachusetts banker has beoi
sentenced to prison for appropriating
money ho gave to charitable liiBtltu
tions. That should be a warning tt
trust magnates who imagine that ii
Is fair to take anything from the pee
pie so long as the colleges and othci
Institutions receive generous slices 01
lloth American and German paper
makers are busily engaged in experl
mentlng with all sorts of fibre plants
in the hope of finding some success
ful substitute for wood pulp to sat
isfy the growing demand without fur
ther slaughter of pulp trees at this
present time. Hemp , cotton , bananr
fibre and many other substances arc
being tried.
The great African railroad running
from Cairo to the Cape of Good Hope
which was the dream of Cecil Rhodes
life , will be realized in a few years
Through trains are now running near
ly one-half the distance and the sur
veylng of the entire 5,600 miles will
be completed this year. The develop
ment of darkest Africa has been phe-
President Taft gave some timely ad
vice to the graduates of Ohio North
ern university especially regarding
the law profession which he knows
from long experience how to advise ,
He said the profession is going alto
gether too far in the defense of criml
nals ; that the extremes to which the
counsel resorts has much to do with
the disgraceful condition in which we
find the administration of justice.
Good roads are expensive , but they
pay not only in the actual facility
with which farmers can haul theii
produce and the Increase in comfort
and speed , but good roads and streets
give a far better Impression of thrift
and value to visitors and investors ,
The Increasing value of automobiles
now make Interstate trips common
and the character of the highways
has everything to do with turning
the tide of travel and determing Its
The Chicago Advance says In speak
ing of the disrepute into which Sena
tor Lorimer has brought the slate :
"There are no more dangerous men
In the state than those who can so
manipulate affairs behind the scenes
as to bring a state to shame and yet
maintain their own respectability in
the open. Reform will not do Its per
fect work until it reaches these men
as well as the creatures whom they
use in politics. "
There are but few obstacles which
American engineers aie not capable
of overcoming , but the recent heavy
land slides at the Culebra and Cucara-
cha cuts of the Panama canal are
causing them much apprehension. A
mass of stones and dirt estimated at
500,000 cubic yards broke away from
the sides and slid into the canal. The
government should not be too cock
sure that the waterway will be com
pleted by 1915 it may never be com
About 3,000,000 German women are
engaged in agriculture , yet even this
number of laborers added on the soil ,
Intensive farming , the use of modern
machinery and scientific fertilizers ,
does not avail to keep prices down ,
Potatoes , milk and vegetables are all
somewhat cheaper , otherwise the Ger
man pays about the same as the
American for his food stuff. They
have the advantage , however , of econ
omizing and saving a great deal more
than the Americans do.
Colonel Heny Watterson's idea that
journalism is now in a sort of transi
tion state , having abandoned the old
order of personal journalism which
prevailed In the earlier days of Mr ,
Watterson's experience , and not hav
ing quite adjusted Itself to the new
order of Impersonal journalism with
its ideas of commercial honor and
public obligation , may be about right
in many Instances. The southern in
clination toward the "old fire eating"
style of editorial utterance dies hard ,
Wendell Phillpps was on one occa
sion lecturing In Ohio , and while on
a railroad Journey going to keep one
of his appointments , ho met In the car
a crowd of clergy , returning from some
sort of a convention. One of the minis-
tors'felt called upon to approach Mr.
Phlllpps and ask him , "Are you Mr ,
PhHIpps ? " "I am , sir , " "Are you tryIng -
Ing to free the nltfgers ? " "Yes , sir ;
I'm an ubolHloulBt.f Well , why do you
prrnch your doctrine here ? Why don't
j you go over Into Kentucky ? " "Excuse
I me , sir , arc you a preacher ? " "I am ,
sir. " "Are you trying to save souls
from hell ? " "Yes. Blr ; that's my bus
iness. " "Well , why don't you gci
there ? " The assailant hurried into
the smoker amid a roar of unsnnetl- -
lied laughter.
In Hrltlsh East India , no self-re
spectlng native woman will marry
a man until he has secured , as tro-
, phles of his coinage , the heads ol
three victims from a neighboring
i trlbt * . It is a gruesome and most bar
barous practice , but it serves to show
the power that even heathen women
exert. It is even more marked In
civilized countries , though shown in
\ery different ways. The American
i woman decides the customs and fash-
j ions In dress , In the home and its fur
nishings , In entertainment and all the
details of life. What they decree , pre
The postal savings bank bill Is
briefly , as follows : Deposits of Individuals
viduals are limited to $100 in any one
month , and to a total of $500 each ;
deposits will draw 2 percent interest
as against 3 or 4 percent In private
savings banks ; depositors have the
option of putting their savings Intc
government bonds , to be Issued In de
nominations of $20 , $ 0. $60 , $80 , $100
and $500 , bearing 2Vj percent Interest ;
the postoliices are to put the deposited
funds In national and state banks ,
which must pay 24 percent Interest
and give security In the form of pub
lic bonds approved by the postal sav
ings bank's commission ; the govern
ment is to retain 5 percent of the de
posits and may use 30 percent for In
vestment In government bonds , but
65 percent must remain In the local
banks where it will be available for
local business uses. The bill creates
a board of trustees composed of the
president , attorney general and the
secretary of state , who shall say what
postofllces shall receive deposits , and
what bonds will be accepted as securi
ty from the banks receiving postal
savings bank deposits. The bonds of
fered as security must be supported
by the taxing power , which means
that they may bo national , state or
municipal bonds.
President Taft is not receiving
many words of praise from the maga
zines. These conscientious moulders of
public opinion are trying to get even
for the effort that was made to In
crease their postage rate. It is little
wonder that the magazine venom
should be taken with a grain of salt.
Another bloody celebration of Amer
ica's Independence will soon be at
hand. Already one fire has resulted
In northern Nebraska from Fourth of
July fireworks. And the pity is that
there will be another annual list of
injuries sustained by the celebrators
in many cases by little children.
Although the celebrations have be
come saner In many cities , the Jour
nal of the American Medical associa
tion says that the number of tetanus
or lockjaw victims has increased.
And so right now it behooves the
parent to treat the burns that the
children may receive from powder , in
order to reduce the lockjaw danger.
No matter how slight the powder burn ,
it should be treated immediately by a
"Nothing less than thorough surgi
cal cleansing , supplemented by a pre
ventive dose of at least 1,500 units of
tetanus antitoxin , " says the Journal ,
"should sufllce to satisfy thb con
science of any physician. Certainly
the experience of the last six years
has been conclusive enough as to the
almost absolute protection afforded
tetanus anti-toxin when given early to
patients with properly treated wounds
of this kind. "
After a cool , slow spring , Old Sol is
again strenuous and the same people
who have been grouchy because they
were not sweating and perspiring , are
now groaning because they are not
American climate has two or three
months in summer which calls for no
little good nature , but the heat of
which is absolutely needful for our
happiness. When the sultry oppres
sion Is at Us worst , let us stop to
think that all our prosperity depends
upon the ripening of the crops , and
that without the usual amount of heat
and humidity , few of us will have
the money to pay for keeping our
houses warm and comfortable next
Heat has Its physical blessing , too ,
as well as Its material benefits. Sum
mer's heat enables everyone to live
in the open air and fill the lungs with
oxygen , thus relieving us of the many
throat troubles that have their origin
in the bad air of the heated homes
and offices of winter. Moreover few
people could stand the nervous stim
ulus of wintry air very long. Like
wine it provokes to over exertion , and
the relaxation of summer is needed ,
as n reminder that the physical or
ganism should not be pushed beyond
its real strength.
We are prone to think of saints as
belonging to the dim and misty past.
While wo give them readily a certain
place of honor In our minds , yet wo
usually Imagine them as safely located
with thu angels , having a good time
with some blissful occupation whlcn
they are entitled to by living an un
earthly life while on the earth. Hut
once In a while \\e mnkp an excep
tion even In this commercial age and
recognize n leal genuine saint who Is
still actually living here and now.
New Orleans has such a woman.
HIT name Is Sophie Wright. She was
born In poverty. She is a cripple and
has never been able to walk without
crutches. Yet this woman is recog
nized ns New Orwin's ! best citizen ,
because Bhe has demonstrated that
the most blessed thing to do in all the
.world . is to help the unfoitunnte and
make more hopeful the lives of those
who are lowly.
Like others who suffer some peeul-
iar misfortune because of her lame
ness , Miss Wright matured much earl
ier than her associates. When only
14 years old she started a school for
girls. This was a bold Innovation
, against the conventional Ideas which
prevailed in the south nt that time
as it was accepted among the canons
of good taste that well-bred women in
i New Orleans did not work especially
along lines that savored of a public
But from the start the school grew
and prospered so well that the little ,
slight cripple girl rounded out her own
education by attending a normal
school and teaching little children In
payment of her own tuition. So earn
est was she in her desire to help and
teach that she was finally besought by
a hard working boy to Instruct him
at night. This was the turning point
in her career. She accepted him.
Soon others came and It was not long
before her home was filled with boys
and men to whom she gave free tui
tion at night.
As her number of students gr w the
problem of how to meet the demands
upon time , space and money became
more serious. She rented another
building and this she used for the
girls in the daytime and doing so earn
ed the money to carry on a free night
school for the boys. But the demand
for more room continued incessant
and never flinching under her grow
ing burden she finally managed to buy
a larger building on credit. It was
at this juncture when she had so
bravely done her best and dared to
take chances that she might be still
more helpful to the young people , that
the yellow fever scourge swept over
the city and compelled her to close
her school. This took away her in
come and although penniless and de
feated , she immediately ignored her
own troubles and gave the most un
tiring devotion to the sick and dying
about her.
When the dread fever scourge
abated the leading men of New Or
leans arranged a mass meeting and in
the presence of thousands of people ,
presented Miss Wright with a loving ,
cup. Inside the cup was a check and
the amount It stood for in money was
sufficient to pay off all the indebted
ness on Miss Wright's school building.
She still lives there , using a part of
it for her home and her school con
tinues to be a source of blessing to
thousands of the poor and more neg
lected children of New Orleans. She
is known as "Saint Sophie the best
citizen of her native city. " "There is
nothing so kingly as kindness , nothing
so royal as truth. "
Ho's back.
How's your wheat ?
Don't rock the boat.
So's the man who says : "Is It hot
enough for you ? "
Water you going to do when the
water goes dry ?
Little old N. Y. and U. S. A. are
good enough for T. R.
The mercury was 95 In the shade
Friday and it's going up.
If the Btandpipe goes dry , Norfolk
people may have to bathe in milk or
soda water or pop or champagne.
It is gratifying to know that , even
if the standplpu does run dry , there's
still something brewing at La Crosse.
For one moment T. R. I must stand
aside and let the spotlight fall upon
T. R. II , who gets more attention than
the average bridegroom.
What would we do without that
kind soul who , at 7 a. in. , mops his
brow and tells you that It's going to
be another scorcher ?
The Blues won a notable victory ,
when you stop to think how much they
were handicapped by a stairstep acci
dent earlier In the week.
There's a house In Norfolk that you
can pass any day of the week and see ,
halnging In an upstairs window , a
long bunch of false hair.
There are some girls so sot unon
June as a wedding month that , if they
don't marry within the next ten days ,
the chances are they won't marry for
the next year.
The lions and other African animals
in the Forepaugh circus realized that
he was back on his native land , all
right , all right. That was when the
tent blew down.
The sun doesn't fcocin to be In a
league with this sane Fourth move
ment. Or did It start that lire just
to get that many explosives out of the
way ?
The regular army exports have by
oxpoilnu'iits discovered that led un-
donvoar IH several dogiees warmer
than white. If you really cant keep
warm those days , switch to the red.
Norfolk has pretty nearly been dry
for t-ovoral days but not In the SOIIFO
that the county nptlnnists would plan
for. It's the town pump that's at the
bottom of the drouth.
It's gratifying to know that T. R. .
despite all the horoworshlp bestowed
upon him by the civilized world , Is
still human. He gave his daughter-
in-law-elect nn old fashioned kiss when
he reached New York.
Don't be encouraged by a fool's
Men with lofty souls and lofty Ideals
and ambitions , bore us nearly as much
as drunkards.
There Is one satisfaction for those
of us who are being ground down by
the Iron heel of Guggenheim : poor
houses are becoming more comfort
able every year.
When a woman's kin comes to visit
her , should she apologize to her hus
band and say that they are coming
awfully fast , or should she accept it
as a right , and say nothing ?
A woman hates to room at a private
house. She Is afraid members of the
family will go through her bureau
drawers , during her absence , and read
her letters , and look at her things.
People aren't familiar with the
names of strawberries like they are
with the names of apples , but you oc
casionally encounter strawberries
which ought to be named Ben Davis.
"Daysoy Mayine Applcton was on
the street yesterday afternoon , " writes
a subscriber , "wearing a dress much
too short. Her mother is Invited to
take notice.
New scheme of lifting the lid in
Kansas City on Sunday : Beer bottles
are wrapped in blue overalls , and pur
chasers carrying them out look like
railroad men going to work.
People are always saying it Is "aw
fully quiet , " as though they are en
titled to rushing business every day.
Whereas every sensible man should
know that , except Saturdays and cir
cus days , it is always quiet.
We can look at any man's dinner
pail and tell if his wife loves him. A
woman shows lots of her personal
feeling in the way she packs boiled
eggs and sandwiches In a dinner
Every time a man shakes the pepper
shaker on the table , he frowns at him
self because he mistook it for the salt ;
then he reaches for the salt shaker ,
shakes it , and frowns at his wife be
cause it i& empty.
When a man and wife call at a
neighbor's , and the man eats a dish
of berries or any other delicacy the
neighbor has to offer , the wife always
says : "I don't see why he is hungry ;
he Just got up from a perfectly ele
gant-dinner. "
Subject for discussion at tonight's
meeting of the Lancaster Literary so
ciety : "Resolved , That the Kansas
Magazine is not typical of the state ,
and that the publisher should either
change its character , or change its
name to the Wichita Magazine. "
A Russian lately arrived in Atchison
who is unable to sppak any language
known in this town. He soon secured
work in a well known factory and was
such a particularly steady man that
he was given a dollar a week extra.
Rut he has somehow managed to tell
about that extra dollar a week , and
make trouble for his employer.
In these times when every one seeks
for more beautiful thoughts , don't
say as "white as a sheet. " Sometimes
sheets are made of unbleached mus
lin , and it is therefore , a more beau
tiful thought to say "as white as a
tuberose. " 'At least that is what the
Kansas City Post says of the wife of
Dr. Hyde , and the Post is doing some
beautiful writing about the Hydes.
Daysey Mayme Appleton once de
cided that she could get more en
joyment out of literature if she un
derstood French , so she took up the
study of that language , and this Is
the way she went about it She invited -
vited ten girl friends in to tea , and ,
somewhere between the fruit salad
and the ice cream , there was talk of
getting up a class to study French.
After much discussion over the new
est way of doing the hair , It was de
cided to meet again a week later , and
this time they played cards , still talkIng -
Ing between deals of how nice it
would be to be able to throw out
sentences In the French language.
"And , perhaps , " some of them said
with enthusiasm , "we may some day
write..a French novel. " This was
last fall , and the girls have been
meeting nt regular Intervals over
since to talk of the advisability of
organizing a class to study French. At
these meetings Daysey Mayme has
won seven prizes at bild \vhlot , four
at high-five , learned three now ways
of making fudge , and two now ways
for doing her hair , but has enjoyed
most of all the carrying of her text
books on the French language through
the streets.
Home Course
In Domestic
VUL Useful Labor
Saving Devices.
In Charge of Domestic Economy. Iowa
State College.
Copyrljthl , 1910. by Amerlun Pitt *
hns always
HOUSEKEEPING to n certain ex
tent by tradition and some su-
perstltlon. Until recently few
women thought of making Investiga
tions for themselves regarding ques
tions In general housekeeping , the
word of some groat-grnnilmother being
usually milllelunt. The fact that 111 *
grandmother had no opportunity to
study the laws of nature ns seen In
the ordinary process of living did not
disturb the average woman's faith In
her opinion. Hut now a chnngo Is
gradually moving across the country ,
and the up to date housekeeper Is
alive to anything which suggests Im
proved and easier methods of work.
She will Investigate now plans and
try practicable suggestions which seem
to offer grtater facility In her work.
But there is yet In our midst the con
servative housekeeper. She Is slow to
adopt new methods or to provide now
and better equipment for her work.
There may be and often Is another
reason besides conservatism which
makes her tiesltato to change her
mode of work. It is because the men.
who are generally the money earners ,
are often averse to spending any sum
of money for house equipment. Not
being familiar with the details of do
mestic work and having larger Inter
ests In their own business , they are
very apt to think women can get along
with almost anything or. rather , they
think that housework can bu accom
plished with any sort ot tools.
Occasionally n woman dislikes to ask
for what she needs , or sometimes she
will not accept modern Inventions
when they are offered to lier , and now
and then we find one who will not
use them when they are actually In
her possession. It is not always easy
to tell just whore the lault lies or
what it is. but one thing Is certain ,
there has been less advance in House
keeping during the last twenty-five
years than lias been made by any
other industry. , Agriculture as It Is
carried on at present is no more llko
farming twenty-five years ago than
truck gardening Is like ranching , ir
the same Interest had been taken In
household affairs there might have
been similar advancement ID that
roost important ot all Industries.
There are numerous inventions OB
the market for making housework
easier. Some of them are valuable ,
and others are worse than useless.
Unless an Implement after tt has been
given a fair trial Is found to be a
saver of both time , labor and energy
It Is not worth bouse room.
The Handy Firelcts Cooker.
Among the most useful articles that
have been brought Into the kitchen
within the last five years Is the tire
less cooker , or , as It was llrst named ,
the "hay box. " The conception of the
tireless cooker Is a very old one , as
some of the primitive races knew all
about and practiced the art of cooking
after this manner. But It was forgot
ten or neglected by civilized people
until n few years back. Now the "hay
box" has proved Itself so useful as an
economy of energy and fuel that It
has come to stay. There are some
handsome tireless cookers on the mar
ket that can be purchased for the
moderate price of from $8 to $10 , and
so complete and perfect are they that
freezing , steaming and roasting can
be accomplished at the same time in
the three separate compartments.
On several occasions 1 have frozen n
mousse In one compartment , steamed
corn bread In the second and cooked
meat In the third at the same time
and have had each dish "done to a
turn" when It was needed for the ta
ble. With the additions of the hot
Ronpstones that are included In some
cookers meat may be roasted and
bread , cake and pies baked most suc
cessfully without requiring the slight
est attention after they are put In tha
baker 1 know one housekeeper who
does all her cookinc , baking and roust- ,
ing with the help of n tireless cooker
nnd n tireless baker and n tvo burner
gasoline stove. She bus proved , too , / 1
that she accomplishes more work with
better results at about one-half the
cost of fuel and twice as much saving
of her own time and labor an when shu
used a tlrst class eoal range.
Really the term "tireless cooker" Is
a misnomer , and a much better nanio
would be "heat retainer. " for tliero
must llrst be heat tMiviteh to hrl'ig
whatever IH to be cooked to the bellIng
Ing point or until It has been hinted
throughout to at least ISO degrees.
This can be accomplished over any
kind of fire. Then the bent is simply
retained by the cooker for several
hours or until the cooking Is com
The Homemade Cooker.
It Is not necessary to ljuy a cooker ,
though one or more should lie Included
In every up to date kitchen equipment.
Very satisfactory ones have been
made out of a wooden box or pail lined
carefully with hay , wood , excelsior or
paper , which Is covered with outing ;
llannel or iinbcstus , leaving a hole In
the center to lit closely around thu
utensil Inhleh the food Is cooked.
The principle Involved In using the-
cooker Is that the receptacle Is mndo
of and lined with some nonconducting
material which holds the heat hi the
food until It is cooked. For this rea
son a wooden box , barrel or pall IH
used for the outside part. This IH
lined three or four Inches thick with
wool , paper , excelsior or In some cases
with exhausted air. A space Is left
lu the center which fits closely around
the covered granite utensil In which
food Is cooked. A padded cover tits
tight over the top of the cooker , thus
allowing no chance for the outside air
to enter or the heat to escape. The
temperature the food material Is wheu
It Is put Into the cooker will be re
tained for several hours , and thu fall
In temperature Is very gradual. The
principle Is the same for freezing as
In cooking , a low temperature being-
retained the same as a high degree of
In the baker two soapstones are heat
ed for fifteen minutes directly over
the fire , and then one Is placed above-
and the other below the article to be-
Cooking Cereals In the "Fireless. "
The flreless cooker Is especially
adapted for foods that require long ,
slow cooking , but Is not intended for
articles which require rapid boiling.
It Is particularly well suited for ce
reals of all kinds , because the princi
ple underlying the cooking of alt
starchy foods is that it should be slow ,
thorough and prolonged. In a previous
article the statement was made that
the breakfast oatmeal may be cooked
In the tireless cooker. The directions
for doing this are as follows :
To two cupfuls of boiling water add
one teaspoonful of salt. Stir lu gradu
ally one cupful of oatmeal. Let it boll
directly over the lire for live minutes ,
then place lu the cooker for eight ;
hours or overnight. If the oatmeal IH
cold In the morning reheat over hot
Many persons are familiar with the
coustructlon ot the lireles.i cooker ,
but are not quite sure bow to use one.
For such a few general rules may bo-
Some General Directions.
As there is no evaporation in the- .
cooker , use less water with cereals of. /
any kind.
While cooking the food over the tire
leave the vessel uncovered. This will
permit the gases formed In cooking to
escape. This is particularly necessary
In preparing ( -1111-1:011 : and other meats
for the cooker.
If the granite utensil used lu the
cooker Is too large for the amount ot
food , us.0 a smaller vessel lu which to-
cook the food and set It inside the
larger utensil , surrounded by hot wa
ter. To insure perfect success there-
should be two vacant spaces in the-
cooker or utensil.
This method of cooking is splendid
for chicken fricassee , stews of all
kinds , pot roasts , soups and for any
meat dish which requires slow cook-
Ing. II the piece ot meat Is large re
heating it after It has been In the-
cooker four or live hours and then con
tinuing the cooking four or live hours
longer will give better results.
The length of time the lood is to be-
cooked over the tire depends on the
size and nature of the food. A ten
pound ham should simmer , never boll ,
for about forty minutes and cook in.
the cooker Kr ten hours , with a second
end reheating alter the first four
The tireless cooker Is not Intended ;
for fresh vegetables of any kind.
These , as previously stated , require- * * ?
rapid cooking , which cannot b accom
plished In it. If the potatoes are cook
ed In it they are sure to be heavy and
more or less watery.
If meat is liked brown this should
be done before or after being put into
the cooker.
Practical Cooking Utensil * .
The variety and kind of utensils to-
be used In the kitchen are always aa
Interesting topic to all good house
keepers. There is only one point to
emphasize in equipping a kitchen , and
that is that the best material Is none
too good ; ( Lisa the extent ot the equip
ment should bo equal to the needs of
the housekeeper.
1 have been lu many klteheus where/
the utensils were In such a wornout
: oudltion ami so insufficient lu kind
und number thut 1 was not surprised
to hear the woman say she disliked
to cook or that she was an unsuccess
ful cook.
An Anxious Inquiry.
When little three-year-old Ada was
iold the story of Lot's wife being turn-
id Into n pillar of salt she asked her
mother anxiously , "Is all salt made of
adlcs ? "
Larry My wife went away yester-
lay morning Harry Is that what
uakes you look BO glum ? Larry No ,
she came back last ulght. Exchange.