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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (May 13, 1910)
Tlltt NoltPOLK WEEKLY NEWS . 'JOURNAL. FKIDAY , .MAY ui. UMO.
STUDY COMET TAIL.
Government Men Plan for Sensational
Experiments at Fort Omaha ,
Oinaliii , May 7. If It IH possible to
nccompllah tlio font , tliu government
IH going to determine thu composition
of the tall of llnlloy'H coniot. And It
IB going to lie done at thu Fort Omuliu
balloon Htatlon , near lioro , tlio only
place In thu United StatoB where ox-
porlmonts of tlio kind will ho con
ducted. Tlio work will bo In chaw
of W. 11. Gregg anil C. S. Wood , mote-
orologlcal oxortB | , who hnvo arrived
from Washington , and who will ho
nHHlHtod hy local olllcorfl of tlio Fort
Halloona will ho used for the pur-
JOHO of tiBcortnlntiiB tlio specific gravIty -
Ity , If there IH any In the comet's tall ,
nnd they will also ho used In deter
mining what kind of gases , If any ,
the celestial visitor IB carrying In Its
Professor Gregg selected Fort Oma *
ha an the point for making the ob
Burvatlon on account of the govern' '
niont having an Immense hydrogen
RUB plant hero , where the balloons car
bo Inflated , and also by reason of the
further fact that Fort Omaha IB a lonf
distance from any largo body of water
TluiB hallooiiH will bo almost cortalr
to fall upon lam ) , and It will bo ni
easy matter to return the records hen
or forward them to the war depart
incut at Washington.
May IS , 11) ) and 20 are dcslgnatei
by Professor Gregg as "comet days , '
these covering a period of tlmo whoi
the tall of Halley's comet will bt
sweeping the earth. During these
three days the professor and his as
nlstants will be busy men , prying Inti
the comet and Its tall. Each da :
twenty hydrogen balloons will bo sen
up , with a flock of extra ones ascend
Ing each morning and ovonlng. I
la hoped to Inflate the balloons so tlm
some of them may roach a height o
fifteen miles , and possibly twenty.
In doing this , the professor believe ;
ho will bo able to enter the tall o
the comet at numerous places , am
thus learn much concerning Its con
Each balloon sent up by Professo
Gregg will bo equipped with dollcati
apparatus. There will bo a self-regls
tcrlng Instrument that will tell tin
story of the temperature , another tha
will measure and record the denslt ;
of the matter contained in the tall o
the comet , and still another that wll
gather and bring back samples of tin
gases. The latter instrument Is In th
nature of a self-filling and solf-corklni
bottle. It is so constructed that I
will open at a certain air pressur
and close at another pressure. Wit !
tbis , the comet gas can bo secured
brought back to earth and then sopn
rated Into component parts.
. HARTER STILL IN LEAD.
Norfolk Census Enumerator Goes Neat
Champion One Better.
Joe Hays , district census dlrectoi
believing ho had found an enumerate
who had Norfolk's record for the hlgli
est enumeration in one day beater
called up Harter on the telephone las
evening saying , "Well , we've got yoi
beat , Harter. One of our enumeral
ors made 251 enumerations the othe
"That's nothing , " was the reply fron
Harter. "I got 2G5 yesterday. "
It is believed hero that Norfolk wll
lilt the 5,500 mark when the censu
department makes its ofllcial ar
ABAS , VERTICAL WRITING.
No Longer Taught in Norfolk Schools
Measles Cuts Attendance.
Mr. Gregory , the state normal tralr
ing Inspector , visited the Norfoll
The regular teachers' meeting Tues
day evening was unusually Interesting
Miss Cerber presented as she woul
to a class a lesson In fourth grad
language work , while Miss Long gav
n presentation of "The Chambere
Nautilus , " suitable for the sevent
grade. This Is the first of a series c
such presentations which Mr. Hunte
lias planned. Practical work is give
in this way and the teachers are ei
tbusiastic over the help that has bee
and will be received.
Vertical writing has no longer
place in our school system. The slar
writing and the muscular movemer
is now being taught. A set of paper
from Miss Baird's room , the thlr
grade , show excellent results alon
The epidemic of measles , combine
with the bad weather of the lattc
part of the week has reduced the a
tendance In some of the lower grade
to a minimum.
Miss Uuth Shlvely has been out r
school , as she was called away by th
illness and death of her cousin.
The girls In the normal tralnln
class have been busy during this wee
making observations of class worl
Wednesday they visited in the com
try , one of the schools being that c
Miss Hattle Adams of 1909.
The Norfolk Model Road.
Plalnvlew Republican : Norfolk I
trying to persuade Uncle Sam to mak
a few miles of model country roail
out of Norfolk as an experiment. Tli
grades across the creek at Plalnvle
could stand several miles of modi
PAID A CENT FOR A $7 SHOCK.
Automatic Machine Held Antonio Fai
While the Pickpocket Worked.
Now York. May 7. While ho ho ]
both hands to two cylinders or n
electric storage battery to get n shoe
for which ho paid one cent , Antonl
Dl Martlno of Corona , L. I. , was rol
bed of $7. Martlno said ho was r
colvlng the current when a strange
suggested that Martlno take the fu
force of the current. Martin assen
His Career as Prince of
Wales and His Acces
sion to ihe Throne ,
EDWARD VII. waa born al
KINO palace , In London ,
on Nov. 9 , 1811. His mother ,
Queen Victoria , was married to
her cousin , Prince Albert of Saxo-
Cohurg , In February , 1810. In tha
Bame year Victoria , who became Em
press Frederick of Germany , waa born
ut Windsor. Albert Edward was born
Duke of Cornwall and Duke of Rothc-
Eay , hut not Prince of Wales , that dig
nity being conferred on him a month
after his birth.
The future king of England received
his first training under the direction ot
Lady Lyttleton , a sister of Mrs. Glad
stone , who filled the post of governess
to the royal children , until ho was six
years old. Hjs educaatlon began nt
the age of seven , under thu tutolagu
of Rev. Henry Mildred Birch , who re
tired from his position In 1851.
It was In this year that the future
ruler of Great Britain made his first
public appearance , assisting at the
opening of the great exhibition in Lon
don. Ills second tutor was Frederick
W. Glbbs , who remained with the
LATE KING'S ' LIFE
Well Edocated , Tactful , Pop
ular and for Nine Years
Ruler of Great Bltaln : ,
in July , 1SC4 , the prince , by la.Ung
the foundation stone of the new west
wing of the Uimlon hospital , evinced
the first signs of that love of charita
ble acts which never forsook him.
After a visit to Denmark , Gewnany
and Belgium , ho paid his first statu
visit lo Irehind In 18CC , opening on
May 9 of that year the International
exhibition of Dublin. On the 3d of the
following month Prince George of
Wales was bom at Marlborough houtc.
In this year the Prince of Wales at
tended his first public dinner as presi
dent of the Hoyal Literary fund and In
spected the telegraph cable then a
great novelty , ln the Great Eastern
off Sheerness. In this year also thu
prince suffered the loss of I > ord Pal-
merston , whoso friendship was greatly
esteemed by him.
On March 20 , 1875 , the projected
visit ol the Prince of Wales to India
\\as announced , and , strange to relate ,
a great deal of criticism was caused
by the statement. It seems odd now
to read that a mass meeting was held
In Hyde park to protest against the
tour on the score of expense It was
KING EDWARD VII. FROM
prince seven years. He then went to
Edinburgh to pursue his studies under
the Instruction of a number of pro
In August , 1849 , Edward saw Ireland
for the first time. With his parents
he received a reception at Queens-
town which was so enthusiastic that
he never forget it.
In the summer of 1855 Edward extended -
tended his travels beyond the borders
of the kingdom , visiting Franco with
his sister and parents. The visit was
a historic one , it being the first since
the days of Henry VI. on which an
English sovereign had entered Paris.
In 1857 the prince went to Germany
nnd spent four months in study at
Konigswlnter , on the Rhine. In the
fall of 1858 he continued his travels
on the continent , visiting Germany
nnd Italy. At Rome he was received
by Pope Plo Nono. Spain and Portu
gal were next visited , and in July ho
returned to England. Before attemptIng -
Ing further globe trotting the prince
concluded his fifth terra at Oxforu' . Ha
finished his education at Trinity col
lege , Cambridge.
It was not until 18CO that Edward
began his first tour of the British do
d minions beyond the seas. With a brll-
llaut entourage , he sailed In the battleship
ship Hero for Canada , accompanied by
a squadron of war vessels.
Tle : prince arrived at St. Johns , N.
F. , on July 23 , and his landing was ac
companied by every evidence of pop
ular rejoicing. Ho was then a
. stripling , nineteen years of age.
Visits United States.
After a tour of the Dominion , In
which he vlsjted Quebec , Toronto and
other principal cities of the sub-realm
to the north , and was everywhere re
ceived with the most vociferous loyalty -
ty , the then Prince of Wales arrived
at Windsor , Ont. , whence ho crossed
the river that divides British soil from
American and landed at Detroit , thus
beginning his memorable visit to thee
The next event In the life of thee
prince was his meeting with Princess
Alexandra of Denmark and his court
ship , which was , however , Interrupted
by the death of hjs father , the prince
The prince first became attracted to
Princess Alexandra by her photo
graph. In November , while on a visit
to Germany , ho met the princess * fet
the first time.
The formal betrothal took place In
18(12. ( but It was not until the eveiv
Ing before the prince became of legal
age that his engagement was formally
announced. Tno marriage took placti
In St. George's chapel on March 10 ,
1SG3. The young couple began house
keeping with an income of over $500 , '
000 a year , the house of commona be-
A LATE PHOTOGRAPH ,
estimated tnat me prjnce would have
to travel with presents , to be given
to his various hosts in India , to the
value of $200,000 ; his personal ex
penses were set down at $300,000 , anil
the admiralty estimated the expenses
of the voyage out and home at ? 2GO-
000. His suite was extensive , for , al
though ho went to India ofllclally as
the heir apparent of the crown , the
native princes and the people of India
regarded Him as the direct representa
tive of the crown.
Leaving London on Oct. 11 for
Brindisl , whence he sailed on the In
dian troopship Serapis , he landed in
Bombay on Nov. 7 , 1S75. In seventeen
weeks the prince traveled 8,000 miles
by land and 2,500 miles by sea , thus ,
seeing more of the country than any
other Englishman of the time , and
making the acquaintance of more
rajahs "than all the viceroys who had
ever rejgned over India. " Politically ,
as well as from an economic point of
view , the visit of his royal highness
to India was a success.
On Jan. 23 , 1901 , the day following
the death of Queen Victoria , the
Prince of Wales took the oath as king
In St. James palace. His accession
to the throne was marked by a note
worthy revival of ceremonial forms
nnd pageantry , which necessarily
lapsed during the long reign of Vic
toria. After the queen's funeral , at
which the new king and his nephew ,
the emperor of Germany , were the cen
tral figures In the procession , King
Edward remained In seclusion at
Windsor until Feb. 4. On that day ho
Issued the three messages , one to the
British people , one to the people of
the colonies and the third to the people
ple of India , In which he pledged him
self to strive to the utmost of his
power to maintain and promote the
highest Interests of his people.
King Edward's first appearance In
public after his accession to the throne
was on Feb. 14 , when he opened the
first parliament of his reign , ln state.
The spectacle had a novelty and a
splendor unprecedented within the
memory of the oldest Londoner then
living. It was a spectacle that car
ried Ixmdon back to the days of the
chivalry of medievalism.
Not a feature of ceremony wag
imltted. King Edward moved In pro
cession with his court from St. James
to Westminster and received the
homage of the houses of lords and
commons just as King Henry VIII. did
400 yean , before.
Arriving at parliament house , the
king and queen marched between n
living \\all of peers and peeresses , all
clad In the robes representing their
rank , Before the king walkea the
Marquis of Ixnulonderry , carrying the
gorgeously Jeweled sword of state ,
and the Marquis of Winchester , bear-
upon his throne the king took
GEORGE V. , THE NEW KING.
the oath and read his first speech to
Incidents of His Reigns.
Edward VII. had been a king Just a
month to a day when he left his king
dom for the first tlmo on Feb. 23. Ho
sailed In the tojul yacht to visit his
sister , the mother of the emperor of
Geimany , who was at that time be-
lle\ed ibing. Ai riving at Flushing on
Feb. 24 he was iccelved with royal
honors by the king of Denmark. The
following day he was met at Cronbcrg
by Emperor William. Edward spent
several days with his sister , returning
to England with no notable mishap.
Parliament took advantage of the
king's accession to make a change In
the royal title. The title given to the
new king was "Edward VII. , by the
grace of God of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland and of
the British dominions beyond the seas ,
king , defender of the faith , emperor
of India. "
The first parliament under King Ed
ward's reign was uneventful from a
legislative point of view. The king ,
In keeping with the strict rule of
Queen Victoria , held absolutely aloft
from politics. Neither conservative
nor liberal had the slightest Indica
tion of sympathy or assistance from
The closing months of the year 1901
were de\oted by King Edward to rest
and quiet recreation. Much of his
time was taken up with the prelim
inary plans for his coronation , a sub
ject that soon engrossed almost his
During October and November the
first disquieting rumors of the king's
health spread through the world. I'
then was stated that he was suffering
from a malaeiy of the throat. These
rumors wore set at rest , however , by
Sir Frederick Troves , sergeant sur
geon to his majesty , who announced on
Nov. 20 that the king never enjoyed
Desire for Peace Realized.
As the coronation drew near , the
king's desire to he crowned with peace
in every quarter of his dominion grew
to bo the dominant hope of his reign.
WIFE OF GEORGE V.
It was well known that ho quietly fa
vored liberal terms to the Boers , ani
when the negotiations finally were
ended the British public knew thai
King Edward had been more lenlenl
to the burghers than his minister !
had been. When peace was declnret
the king , within a few hours after the
announcement , sent a message o
amity to the fighting burghers.
All preparations for the coronatlor
had been made for Juno 26,1902 , wher
disquieting rumors of the king's 11
health , which had been current foi
several days previously , were con
firmed by the postponement of the cer
emonles nnd the announcement o
pertyphlitls ns the cause of his Illness
He underwent an operat.lon on the 2,4tl
of June and after several weeks o
great nnxlntv. recovered. The ad
Journed coronation took place on Aug
9 , 1902. With the exception of Will
lam IV. , he was the oldest monarcl
who had ascended the throne of En
land since Egbert.
Mrs. A. I do love lobsters , but 1
never have them nt homo because li
Fc-cms so Inhuman to kill them by put
ting them In a kettle of boiling wa
ter. Mrs. B. Gracious ! I never kll
them that way It would bo too her
riblo. I always put them on in cokl
water nnd let them como to a boll.-
No Satisfying Her.
"Women arc hard to understand. "
"Think so ? "
"Yes ; I told her she carried her ngi
well , and she was offended. "
"You don't Bay ! "
"Yes , nnd then 1 told her she didn't
tarry It well , and she wouldn't speak. "
This Small Town to Pave.
Mobrldgo. S. 1) . , Mny 7. Thirty-
two owners of real property abutting
on Main street have slgnrd a petition
isklng that the street bo pnvr > d with
uaterlal to be selected by them. Not
i singe owner of real property re-
lused to sign the petition. .Mobrldgo
Is the smallest city In the Dakota *
to talk about paving , the population
of the place being but little In excess
New Building at West Point.
West Point , Neb. , May 7. Frank
Miller , furniture dealer , has commenc
ed the erection of a large furniture
store two stories In height. The build
ing will be of brick and contain all
the latest improvements used In build
ings of that class. The location is
one-half block east of the main busi
ness center of the city.
Boyd to Run Again ?
That's What a Special to the Lincoln
Dally Star Says.
The Lincoln Star prints a special
from Washington saying that former
Congressman J. F. Boyd of the Third
Nebraska district may run for con
gress again. This Is the special :
"Washington , . Ex-Congressman
Uoyd may decide to run for congress
again this fall , lie has been In Wash
ington on legal business for several
days and ho left the impression with
several friends before starting for
home today that he might got Into the
political game again. All the other
candidates mentioned for the place
have dropped out , with the exception
of W. W. Young of Sfanton , and the
friends of Boyd are Insisting that he
should try It once more. "
WANT HERD LAW EXTENDED.
Tripp County Homesteaders Desire
Removal of Stockmen.
Sioux Falls , S. D. . May 7. The
stockmen of South Dakota will con
tinue to be pushed backward if the
homesteaders who have Hocked to
the state have their way. Only recent
ly the homesteaders of Trlpp county
took steps to have the provisions of
the state herd law submitted to the
voters of the county nt the election
next November , and now homestead
ers residing In Fall River county have
taken similar steps and will endeavor
to have the state herd law extended
to that county , which would place the
stockmen at a distinct disadvantage.
In order to have the proposition sub
mittcd to the voters It will bo neces
sary to secure the signatures of a ma
jority of the voters of the county tea
a petition of the county commissioners
whose duty It is to submit the question
if all requirements have been com
piled with. Under the law the peti
tions must be filed with the county
commissioners not later than the second
end Tuesday In July.
IN COUNTY OPTION IDAHO.
Sale of Liquor on Dining Cars Stops
and Starts by Jerks.
A Norfolk man who has just re
turned from a western trip , tells of a
unique experience In the dining car
while passing through "county op
tion" Idaho. A Stanton man had or
dered a bottle of beer with his din
"Sorry , " said the dining car con
ductor , "but we've just passed over
the line of a dry county. If you had
ordered it ten minutes ago you'd have
got it. "
The dining car men have maps col
ored up to show which counties are
wet and which are dry , and thus the
sale ot liquor on the moving buffet
starts and stops with all the sudden
ness of those dry nnd wet waves , ac
cording to the county that the train
Picturesque Land of Chile.
Many of the interebtins features of
life in Chile are told in a letter just
received by M. L. Ogden of Norfolk
from his son , Glenn Ogden , who has
been teaching in the "Institute Ingles"
at Santiago , Chile , since last fall.
In his letter , dated April 4 , he pays :
In my last letter I said that I was
planning a little trip to the south ,
from Santiago , during our Holy Week
holiday. Last week was Semana San
ta or Holy Week and according to
the prevailing custom In Chile , we
had a few days holiday. Most schools
I think took the whole week off but nt
the Institute Ingles we were granted
but three days , Thursday , Friday and
Most of the holidays in Chile are to
celebrate some religious event or per
son. During Holy Week the various
industries , especially farming , are at
a standstill for three or four days
while the people feast , drink and go
Sometime ago one of the boys , who
attended this school last year , Invited
me to spend a little time with him
on his farm which Is near San Fer
nando. This I glady accepted nnd
thither I went last week.
Snn Fernando I found to be a typical
Chilian town a town with narrow dir
ty streets , lined on either side with
low squatty mud-slab and brick
houses , open sewers , a pretty little
plaza or park , and a profusion of curs
of all classes , sizes and colors run
ning about. A town which seems to
gradually fade away out along the
narrow dusty roads which run out
into the country about four hours
south from hero by train.
In Chile when one asks how far
one place Is from another , he Is told
that It Is so many hours by train
rather than so many miles away.
There is only one railroad , with Its
branch lines , in Chile. This Is called
the Ferro-carrlal del Estado. They
run no passenger trains that at all
compare with the through trains of
the big trunk lines at homo. But one
sees now and then a diner or sleeper
or even a parlor car , attached to the
end of n passenger train , made up of
third , second and first class coaches.
Pen Picture of Country.
This letter will bo just a little picture -
turo of my trip and the things I saw ,
together with a few remarks thrown
The "Ordlnarlo" or local passenger
2 o'clock on Wednesday afternoon ,
found mo on board ready to enjoy , as
much an Is possible , the rough and
dusty ride to San Fernando.
While there are many things Hlinl-
lar between a train rldo In Nebraska
and one In Chile , there are also a
number of things here quite niillko
what one tu > i > s at home. The railroad
i mis Houth through the beautiful San
tiago and Mnlpu and other vnlllcs for
about 400 mlloH. On the right baud ,
going Houtli , these vnlllos aie cut
off from the Pacific ocean hy the
low foot hlllH which are for the most
part nearly barren. On the loft there
Is an ever changing and entrancing
view of the majestic Andes.
AB wo go beyond the southern end
of San Ramon , a 10,000-foot hill near
Santiago , there bursts upon our vi
sion the tremendous dome of Tupnn-
gate aB It lifts Its henry head 21,000
feet or more Into the air. Wo gaze
at It for an hour as the train cnrrlea
us on our way , and then fool almost
provoked at the lower but nearer foot
hills which presently como between
nnd bide the beauty from us. But oth
er mountains , nearly as high and al
most as beautiful , como Into view and
In a measure make up for the beauty
that has just disappeared. Thc.no
peaks seem to reach up Into the very
heavens themselves , although they are
forty miles away.
Tlio values in Chile are aa fertile
as will he found anywhere In the
world. With Irrigation they blossom
ns the rose. With summer ralua
( which never come ) they would make
a veritable garden of Eden. Hugo
vineyards in largo numbers , surround
ed with high mud walla , are to bo
seen. The straight rowa of vines look
not unlike a cornfield , in the distance.
Irrigating ditches lined by tall pop
lars run hither and thither across the
plains. Of course all the farms In the
northern vallles must bo Irrigated , but
not In the far south. < t.
Great hedges of blackberry bushes
take the place of wire fences. The
Spaniards , when they first came to
Chile and South America brought both
the nllmos , or poplars , and the black-
borrlea with them from Spain. By
planting the trees closely In rows and
then between the trees planting the
blackberries they were able to make
an Inexpensive fence which no live
stock could break through and which
no Invading army conld pass without
laboriously cutting Its way. I saw-
scores of fences thus made where
the blackberries bad grown twenty or
thirty feet high and then dropped
down In great streamers ton feet or
more long. These bushes wore aa a
rule just loaded with luscious black
berries which were rotting there be
cause Chilians do not use them. In
some places the blackberries are as
much of a pest as dandelions are at
home. I saw whole pastures which
were almost ruined by the bushes.
They are practicably indestructable.
Yet they serve one good purpose. I
was told that If the ranch owners were
to have wire fences put around their
"Haciendas , " they would have to
watch them with rifles or else replace
every two weeks. The Chileans , es
pecially the country rotes , have very
taking ways. Stealing is ns natural
for a Chilean as llelng and llclng Is
as natural as eating.
"The Newsy. "
A good variety of articles are sold
on the trains in Chile. A fellow al
ways comes through the cars selling
copper who jardinieres. Soon he re
turns with a little inferior candy ami
some cigarettes. Then ho serves up
beer and mlnoial waters in bottles ,
the people of the whole car using the
same two or three glasses to drink
fiom. At the stations numbers of
women pass up and down the train ,
outside , selling cheese , Hat cakes of
bread , pears , apples , peaches , grapes ,
etc. But no peanuts , popcorn or chew
ing gum or cigars are to be bought.
The Chilians of the lower class and
the men , even of the upper class aie
quite filthy in their traveling habits.
They smoke in the regular coaches
and spit on tlio floor in a most offen
sive way. Some of this is seen at
home but not to such an nxtont by
any means as here.
The coaches are nearly all made in
St. Louis , Mo. , and when new , are
pretty and clean. The engines aio
made in Germany and look much like
the engines in England.
It seemed as though we stopped at
every little village and farmhouse along
the road. None or very few of the
stations were called out by the train
It took us four hours to reiio'i ' San
Fernando. From there wo took a
branch line which runs down toward
the coast through the Colchagui val
ley. These branch vallles occur nt
regular Intervals as you go south.
Arriving at Manantiales , a litle sta
tion about thirty minutes from San
Fernando , we were met by my ii lend's
stepfather who had driven in from
the farm to meet us , with a two-wheel
ed break or "carretela. " We had a
pleasant though very rough rldo for
an hour over the stony country roads ,
tl.iough mud puddles and thmgli the
foil's. ' No bridges are encountered on
tl'p roads in Chile. The tall alimos
make veritable walls on either side of
tlif * nad and glvo a pleasing effect ,
especially when seen from some hill.
Th farm lies at ilu ? foot of a range
of most beautif- I hills whlh ruiiu
ea--c and west at iiht angles to the
coast and the mountains. A thin
growth of thorn trees , wild bamboos ,
and other Chilian trees servo to cov
er the sides of the hills with a rich
coat of green. The beauty of these
hills never grows tiresome. They seem
to take on new splendor with the setting
ting of the sun. The mountains wrap
per In a thin blue haze and capped
with snow and white clouds , as seen
from these hills , In the twilight or setting
ting sun , make a picture which com
pels ono to stand in silent awe and
It was with a feeling of relief that
wo alighted from the jolting carre
tela , at the door of the farm house.
The Houses are Different.
The bouses In Chile are built much
differently than In the United States.
I have not seen a single house that
was shingled witli wooden shingles.
The older Spanish typo of houses are
built with thick mud walls , plastered
over without and within , and heavy
tiled roofs But of late much corru
gated steel has boon used for roofIng -
Ing ami the mud Blabs are Riving way
to huge burned brlcka. Some good
concrete and aleel buildings are beIng -
Ing built In the capital and at Val
paralso. Some Amorlcan pressed
brick are being Imported now also
In the far south where lumber Is al
ways abundant the houses nro frame
HtructuicH. The farm house In quos
tlon la a simple , oblong , one-story
structure , built of mud alaba and roof
I'd with Bleel. A long porch runa the
entire length on the north side. Thla
IB enclosed at ono end and that end
servos aa kitchen and dining room
for the people who live thoro. Wo
were Borved In our own room nt the
other end of ( ho house , at a table and
much the samO aa at any flr.it rate
farm house In Nebraska.
They do their baking In a huge
mouiid-Bliapod brick oven. Thla they
hunt by building n lire Inaldo. Thou
they drag out all the coals , put their
bread In and seal up the mouth while
the "pan" bakea , Tlio bread wan very
dellcloua as It came to the table In
little flat round loaves and piping hot.
The Chilians cat differently than
Yankees do. In the early morning
there la "dosayuuo" which conalata of
a chunk of bread and a 'cup of cof
fee. At noon la "nlmuorat , " break
fast , which la a good substantial meal
of four or live conraea. At three In
( ho afternoon la a lunch of tea , pan
tries or broad , frulta and perhapa
wine. Then at eight In the evening ,
or later , there is n Bin-on or eight -
course dinner "comlde. " Thla la the
everyday routine hi well-to-do homes
and in poor , only leas elaborate In the
Our hostess fed us exceedingly boun
tifully. Wo could not oat more than
half ahe brought and yet , did not like
to leave untouched the food placed
before us bec'Miho that Is a sure proof
to a Chilian co < ik that her proparatloua
nro not edible. Of course aho la In
sulted. So , often , wo were guilty of
slyly feeding tlio dog which stayed by
us at meal time. But we were care
ful not to let her know It. 1 sup
pose ( his was deceptive but we weio
in a prerdlcament and that waa tin-
very easiest way out of It. The dog
enjoyed it I think.
Laugh at Americans.
Tlio ChTIean Is very quick to ex
press hla amusement at our , to him ,
queer customs. They can not under
stand why a fellow docs not drink
wine. When Mr. Bryan waa In Chile
In February , It waa often noted by
newspaper writers that ho "wont to
church on Sunday and did not drink
any wine. " If one cats any sweet
sauces or jolly with meats they think
him mad. They eat pepper. To use
mills or cream on blackberries Is the
height of folly. So they had quite a
deal of fun at my expense. 1 enjoy
ed It as much as they.
Chile has almost more than her
share of rats , bedbugs and fleas. The
latter ate at us , while we were there ,
as if they were afraid of Insulting
some hostess. One finds more of
them In the country than In the city.
About all the farm lands of Chile
are divided up Into largo ranches or
haciendas. Tlio farm where I was Is
a small one of only 250 acres. Many
contain over 1,000 acrea and some
10,000. These are owned by rich men
who for tlio most part live in Santi
ago. Santiago is pretty nearly Chile
condensed Into a small radius. They
leave their farms in charge of "major
domos" who in turn boss the peon.
The peon has no parallel In the
United States , lie la a queer con
struction and an interesting study.
He lives on the farm , with his wife
and brood , in little thatched roofed
shacks , little more than good enough
for good blooded hogs to sleep in.
And by the way I have not seen a
good looking hog In all my stay In this
country. They are all pralrie-rootera.
The peon gets the equivalent of from
twenty to fifty cens n day , together
with his calabash of beans twice a
day , two ono-pound loaves of bread
and occasionally a little wine , "chl-
clia , " also a house. Ills family faro
no b ° tter and have ( o do various kinds
of work to earn their support. The
mayor dome gets no princely Income
though he fares a little bettor than
the people under him. He expects the
peons to get drunk regularly once a
week and to take a day or two In
sobering up. Ono can seldom be sure
of a workman on a Monday or the
day following a holiday. I will write
you more about the laboring people
some time in the future.
Fruit Off the Trees.
My friend and I spent our days rid
ing horseback through the country or
over the hills , or else In picking fruit
such as figs , plums , apples , grapes ,
pears , blackberries and peaches.
There are no frosts in these valleys
so the trees bear bountifully. A tree
will grow almost anywhere a seed is
dropped. It needs no care. A little
grapevine four feet high will have
from thirty to sixty large well-filled
bunches of grapes on It. This is no
dream. It is true. If one had a twen-
ty-aci 3 plot of ground hero , well wat
ered and well planted with fruit
trees , he could soon make a fortune
if there was such a demand for fruit
as there is in the United States. Hon
ey bees have an easy time to find
enough nectar to fill their combs.
On Saturday wo had to take our
departure for Santiago. Wo were n
little tired yet refreshed and on the
whole , had had a very Interesting and
delightful time. I was able to truth
fully say "Yo lo ho pasado un buen
tlempo. " Before leaving I got the lady
of the. house to pose with the rest of
her household while I took a picture
of the crowd and the house. They
were as tickled over it as little chil
Along the road back to town we
met many a peon returning from mass
together with his wife and family. Of
ten the whole family would bo on one
horse. The man sat In the saddle
carrying a baby , The wife sat side
ways on behind holding to the man
with ono hand and to another baby
with the other. If they had other ba
bies they probably left them nt homo.
No Easter bonnets are seen hero In
Chile. Easter hero IB much the same
as Thanksgiving at home , the sea
sons being the reverse.
Theie nro many other Interesting
Items I Bhould like to toll you about
but must defer them to another time.
FISTULA Pay When.CURED
A" Rectal Diseases cured without a surgical
operation. No Chloroform , Ether or other genera -
era ! aneasthetlc used. CURE GUARANTEED
to last a LIFE-TIME. IfS'KXAMiNATION FREB.
WRITB POIl BOOK ON PILES AND RECTAL DISEASES WITH TESTIMONIALS
DR. E. R. TARRY. 224 Baa Bulldlnsr , Omcha , Nebraska
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