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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (Feb. 18, 1910)
THK NORFOLK WKKKhV NEWSJOUKNAL , FRIDAY , FKHKITAKY 18. 1)10. ! )
TM Norfolk Weekly News-Journal
The News , Established 1881.
The Journal , Established 1877.
THE HU8E PUBLISHING COMPAQ.
VV. N. Huso , N. A. fiuHo.
Every Friday Ily mull per your , $1.50.
Entered at the pontollleo at Norfolk ,
Nob. , an Hocoiul class mutter.
Telephones : T3d"IforfiiT Iopnrtincnl
No. 22. lIuslnosH Olllce and Job Rooms
No. H 22.
The man who really gets the high
prices rciniilim an securely concealed
u Dr. Cook.
The ntato of WlHcoiiHln has abolish
ed Uio drinking cup from traliiH , depots
and public placet * .
A docllno In the cost of any article
of food IH not only pleasant news but
A decided novelty.
lork grows Bcarcer and Hcarcer , and
now 1'roBldent Taft has cut 110,000,000
of It out of the river and harbor bill.
Lot us hope that the Edison storage
battery IB not a cold storage battery.
AntomoblleB arc high enoiiBh now.
Honator Puroell of Wahpeton , N. U. ,
who hiiH taken his seat aB succesHor
to Senator ThompKon , IH a stanch
Amorous young folks who used to
send valentines , leave the day mostly
to the kldlots now. This Is nn age of
Freight rates , n new donot and a
paved Btreet those arc some of the
U-lngw on Norfolk's program for the
There uro less money-maRlng Jobs
than being n waiter In the Waldorf-
Astoria. The waiters' tips average
1100 a week.
The stock market Is profoundly agi
tated on discovering that the people
still want the trusts to obey the ten
The gradual disappearance of the
old-time comic valentines is an evi
dence of the gradual growth of our
country In civilization.
The beef trust has cut down meat
shipments. The light Is now on be
tween milljons of money and millions
of people. Which wins ?
Mr , Tart is dancing with the girls
again. This improved method of cam
paigning Is taking the place of going
around to cattle shows.
The consideration of stock watering
by the Interstate commerce commis
sion is nn inquiry Into the birth of the
majority of big fortunes.
Interstate boycotts must stop ac
cording to the Danbury hatters' ver
dict. Smashing business is declared
a crime like larceny or arson.
Miss Margarita Drexel is to marry
the heir to the earl of Nottingham. An
export duty on heiresses continues the
urgent need of tariff reform.
This week's frost line went to the
southern tip or Florida , and the orange
country , without much heating appa
ratus , shivers worse than Canada.
I'aris hats and gowns slightly dam
aged by water will soon be on the
market. The new I'aris gowns will
have short skirts suitable for wading.
Once Norfolk avenue Is paved to
Seventh street , the fever will grow and
the paving spread as fast ns the sewer
system has spread during the past
Naturally the tariff war with Ger
many was averted. It would have
been as foolish as for merchants and
customers to begin pulling each oth
er's hair out.
Colonel Roosevelt returns to us in
June , and every time he writes an edi
torial for the Outlook , the bears will
try to smash the stull ng out of the
The New York thieves who stole the
huge bronze spectacles from the sta
tue of Chester A. Arthur in Madison
Square park , would not hesitate to
steal a cigar store Indian blind.
Thousands of people are connecting
the appearance of the comet with
the terrible Hoods in Franco. But
scientists nfllrm that the comet is in
no way responsible for the Hood.
The Taft incorporation bill Is be
fore congress. The country wants to
know whether the black sheep trusts
will continue their goat like ways af
ter being admitted to the peed trust
Hying machines have reached n
high grade of perfection , and the
north pole has been discovered , but
the solving "of the perpetual motion
problem Is still open to those who
The warfare against the NIcarnguau
insurgents is getting deadly with
one in six killed in last week's bat
tle. In our country wo kill off the in
surgents with public buildings nnd
postoftlccs ns weapons.
Few men find the high living of
Fifth avenue of the Waldorf Astoria
any compensation for the glorious
chicken pie suppers now being served
In the cross roads homes of their
Congress should provide the fine
arts cominlsHlon. It Is time for the
people to stop paying good money for
statues and pictures by men who
should have remained stone masons
and house painters.
The fact that the Wells Fargo Express -
press company distributed $2i .000,000
In dividends last year , while the post
olllce fell behind $17,000,000 , Is the re
sult of public ownership that our
long-haired socialists forgot.
While they're abolishing water euprf
nnd other institutions working evil to
society's health , why not pass laws
prohibiting the marriage of moral de
generates , persons suffering from in
curable diseases and the like ?
The little Island of Ciinin has had
nn earthquake. As a method of get
ting into the Hme-llght , the earth
quake Is a back number. Hut being
somewhat out of the social whirl ,
Ciunm cannot be strictly up-to-date.
The Bhlrt waist strike is over. It
cost ? 4,000,000. Why not keep our
productive resources from being thus
impaired , by requiring such disputes
to be settled by the court ? It's
cheaper to pay lawyers than stop
This year is particularly happy in
the arrangement of Its holidays. Lin
coln's birthday , Memorial day nnd
Fourth of July and Christmas fall eith
er on Saturday or Monday , giving two
days in succession of freedom from
labor to those who observe them.
The southern boys' corn clubs which
have resulted In so much benefit to
the young agriculturists of the south , '
were promoted and encouraged by the
agricultural department and have boon
so successful that the plan is being
extended to other parts of the coun
The recent important contributions
to the Smithsonian institute have
given rise to the suggestion that the
name be changed to Rooseveltian ,
While this is not likely to bo done ,
the public interest In the contents of
the institute will for many years cen
ter around the Roosevelt collection of
There are a great many men In
America who are in such haste to get
rich that they throw away future
wealth for present ready money.
These men have yet to learn that a
forest is much more profitable if the
trees are treated as a crop to be culti
vated than as debris to be removed
and sold for immediate proiit.
President Taft dislikes public agi
tation. He wishes to quietly work out
great concrete results. He hopes by
good management to reduce the Roosevelt
evelt agitation to laws. This Roosevelt -
volt could not do because congress' '
would not co-operate witli him. It - I
mains to bo seen \\hether President j (
Taft by different tactics will gain ills
For several years there has been
n strong protest against laughter of' | ' '
young pines and spiuces for Christmas -
mas trees. Now , the forestry authori
ties at Washington declare that the
thinning out of these small trees is
really beneficial to the maturing of
the best trees in the forest. So the
children and older people as well may
hereafter enjoy their Christmas trees
with a clear conscience.
It cannot be denied that until such
time as justice from our courts bo
made as swift as it Is pure there is
no chance In our court ruled land for
enforcing even those great regulative
reforms which the people demand
shall bo enacted Into law. As pro
cedure now is delny can bo so pro
longed ns to virtually nullify n law.
Secretary Knox says the airship
must be taken account of ns a factor
making for International unity. There
can bo no doubht , he says , that the
airship will be used before long as
a means of communication and Its
use will tend to bring the nations
closer together. When Secretary Knox
says this it does not appear vision '
Scientific men declare that as a
health producer and an agent of
longevity , buttermilk is the great
drink. Hostonians always eager for
innovations and reforms have respond
ed promptly and are now consuming
10.000 quarts daily. Other cities have
caught the habit and it is probable
that many of this generation will live
to be centenarians.
Margaret E. Sangster in recounting
her motives In writing "From My
Youth Up , " says , ' 'From my youth
up I have had more Joy than sorrow ,
more pleasure that pain , more ease
than hardship , nnd if my little book
is optimistic It is becnuso optimism
has been the dominant note of all my
years. " What better key note could
any woman's life have to bring It to
success nnd happiness than optimism ?
President Tnft IB doing the country
and the party good service In Insisting -
ing that congress shall proceed with
the I business for which It has met nnd
not end with n blank record or worse
because Its members were dilatory at
the beginning and worked nt cross
purposes afterward. The president
Is | using all his Influence to socuio liar-
inony and push necessary legislation
and ( should have the co-operation of
every loyal citizen.
It Is reassuring to learn now that
conservation of natural resources IH
becoming a household topic , that the
lire In n Pennsylvania mine which has
burned for fifty-one years and de
stroyed $20.000,000 worth of anthra
cite coal has at last been checked.
Hut as we look at our empty coal
bins , these late cold months how we
shall sigh for those $25,000,000 of
coal. That would have lasted several
families through n long winter.
Our congressional library which oc
cupies the largest and most beautiful
library building in the world , was es
tablished merely for the use of con
gress. Hut it lias become a great an-
tlonal public library and is of great
value to thousands outside of congress ,
On Its shelves are over a million and
a half of printed hooks and pharn-
phlets. The most valuable gift to
the library during the year came from
the Chinese government , a set of Chi
nese encyclopedia comprising more
than 5,000 volumes.
The invention of cold storge should
have proved n blessing to humanity ,
but instead It has been turned Into
an engine of oppression. It tins made
trusts In food products possible , nnd
the price Is now kept high In warm
weather and forced still higher in ! i
winter. A New Jersey grand jury recently
cently discovered that no less than
3J,000,000 ( eggs were in cold storage
across the Hudson from New Yorkj I
which had been held there for nearly
a year for fear of lowering the price
if they were thrown on the market.
And people will pay a high price fori j
those year old eggs which are utterly
unlit for human beings to eat.
A magnetic survey of Africa , the
first that men of science have been
able to drive through the jungle and
over the mountain trails of the dark
continent , is being made under tire
direction of the Carnegie institute of
Washington. The work is slow and
dangerous. The deadly insects and
reptiles of the swamps nnd Jungles
nnd the difficult mountnln ranges
make the tnsk a most trying nnd haz
ardous one. Theae Intrepid explorers
have accomplished the survey from' I
Cape Town to the headwaters of the
Nile. The work was directed by Dr.
L. A. Butler head of the departmental'
of terrestrial magnetism of the Carnegie - ! ,
New York state , by a happy cooperation
ration betweorr the state nnd individ
uals , is to have one of the largest' ' '
and i most beautiful parks in the world'
extending i for fifteen miles along the
Hudson river , twenty-live thousand
acres. i The Palisades were saved from |
destruction < by private generosity and
dedicated as a park during the Hud-
son-Fulton i celebration. This served
as i the beginning. Mrs. Edward liar- I
rirnan gave ten thousand acres of land ,
and one million dollars. Other ! i
wealthy citizens have contributed a' j
million i and a half more and Governor
Hughes ; has asked for n stnto appropri
ation of two nnd hnlf million to com
plete the splendid project. The beau
tiful Rnrnapo hills , second only to the
Catskills in wild , plcturesquencss will
be included in the park.
ST. VALENTINE'S DAY.
Monday will be St. Valentine's day.
It is n day upon which mankind should
remember its wife.
Too many valentines are sent pre
vious to the marriage license ; not
enough afterward , as a rule , in corn-
Preserve the romance of life as long
as you live take your wife a bum h
of flowers on St. Valentine' day.
The address of President Taft de
livered on Lincoln's birthday in Now
York is a clear-cut defense of the
republican party and of his adminis
tration which must set the public to
thinking. The president very emphat
ically tolls Wall street that the laws
will bo enforced. The government
'will not run amuck against corpora
tions , but the anti-trust laws will be
The president still stands by the
Payne-Aldrich tariff bill , offering proof
in figures that it is a distinct compli
ance witli the party platform for
Ho squarely faces those who have
declared the republican party Is in If
danger. Ho scouts that Idea and fore
casts continued republican victory , on
the basis of republican constructive
legislation. The enemy , he points out ,
Is more badly disorganized than the
PROPERTY VALUES WILL FALL.
Your property Isn't going to bo
worth so much as it is today , if Nor
folk falls to pave tills summer.
Norfolk's ' paving proposition has
been put In the spotlight , and a good
many thousand eyes are centered upon
the action of Norfolk property owners
In this tost.
"Havo they enough faith In Norfolk
to put a few a very few moro del
lors 1 Into their property , with the as
surance i of Immediate Increase In the
value of their property , or have they
not i ? " That's the quoBtlon people are
asking i about Norfolk property own
ers < right now.
And if Norfolk falls to pave , there's
going , to bo a reaction that will dam
age i every dollar's worth of proper
ty In the town.
There won't bo so much building In
Norfolk this summer , If tliu towtr falls
to pave. There won't bo so much
lumber sold , and there won't bo so
much demand for labor.
And not only this .summer , ( but In
summers to corno.
Hut , on the other hand , If Norfolk
does pave , people who are watching
her right now will be roassurred that
the town's all right , and there'll bo
n public confidence in the air about
Norfolk that will bo Instantly reflect
ed In an Increase In property values.
People living In the town , their
confidence assured , that Norfolk
means to go ahead instead of back
ward , will go on with their plans to
build new homos and new business
buildings. Outsiders planning to move
to Norfolk will load their household
goods Into the cars and come along ,
their faith in the city's progressive
ncsR mndo solid.
It isn't so much the few dollars' , '
cost of paving that are now at stake'j
' it's public confidence lir Norfolk
that's at stake , and there's no pro-1
porty owner who doesn't realize what
n : gigantic factor In property values
Is public confidence , or the lack of
it ' . .
Norfolk's going to be damaged ser I
lously if paving falls. And every front
foot of property on Norfolk avenue Is I
going I to be damaged , when people lose
faith in this town.
That's the negative side of It. And
the t other side of It Is this : Property,1
values In Norfolk are going up , if
Norfolk makes good on this paving
proposition , and shows that she's a
live town , going forward Instead of
Will Norfolk be known ns the town
that paved , or the town that didn't
pave ? It's up to you , Mr. Property
NORFOLK'S FUTURE IS AT STAKE.
The frank words of George A.
Drooks of Dazlle Mills , whose success
gives his utterance moro than usual
weight , serves to show the people of
Norfolk just exactly where Norfolk
stands In the eyes of north Nebraska
and ' southern South Dakota today , nnd
I' bring ' homo with telling blows the
fact ' that more than getting the street
covered ' with bricks is at stake in this
paving 1 crisis.
Mr. Brooks says the northwest re
gards i Norfolk as lacking in enter
prise. 1 He points out how there is a
great I territory anxious to look up to
Norfolk ] as its commercial metropolis
and : the people of that territory are
made i weary by the tendency of a part' i
of ' Norfolk's property owners to hank' '
back ' nnd impede the city's progress.
This attitude serves to demonstrate
what The Xews has pointed out be
fore ' ; that N'orfolk's paving proposition
is ' today in the spotlight , with thou-
sands ! of eyes watching to see whether
Norfolk has the enterprise to go alidad ,
or has not. Norfolk's whole reputation
tion for progressiveness is at stake a
vastly more important tiling , indeed ,
than even a paved street.
If Norfolk fails to pave , people out
side will lose confidence in the town.
And as a result , Norfolk property
values would suffer Immensely.
The cost of paving is so very small
that it has no right to be an obstacle.
For the cost represents not an ex
pense , but an investment , and an In
vestment upon which rapid returns
will bo yielded.
It is time Norfolk got into its stride
both in providing itself with modern
paving and in establishing itself as the
wholesaling center of its great terri
tory. The paving will come from the
property ' owners who are to bo most
benefltted ; the wholesaling point will
come as n result of more advantage
ous freight rates which should com
mand ' the concentrated attention of
the ' Commercial club from now on
until victory is secured.
THE COST OF PAVING IS SMALL.
The mayor and city council have
the power to pavo. AH city attorney
when that matter came up some time
ago , M. C. Hnzen went into the legal
phase of the question , and that's what
Consequently no petition is necessary
sary to the pn\ing. But it will bo a
gloat deal better all around If the pro u
perty holders will sign the petition and
thus give solid support to the mayor
and council In this movement.
Enough property owners have al
ready signed the petition , however , to ,
amply justify the council in going
ahead with the paving.
The mayor and council nro pledged
to paving this summer , and the people
of Jiorfolk ns n whole will not only
back them up In paving , but will hold
them responsible if they should fail to
make good on their promise.
Norfolk avenue hns boon n pig pen
of n street long enough. It's high time
Norfolk got nshamcd of that as n main
The town will never get a start to
ward anything but the village class J
until the paving comes. And once
seven blocks are paved , the paving will
spread like the measles only with
The cost Is n very , \ory small Item.
The estimate that has been furnished
the city by n competent ( 'irglitcoiln , '
( Inn , flguios the cost at $2.0. > pot
square ytud. At this rate , the cost fen
n 22-foot lot will bo only $11:1.50. : This
Mould mean a payment of $ U.i5 : with
in fifty days , $11.115 at ( he end of tin
llrst year and that amount each year
for nine yeais.
Surely that amount Is not going to
stand In the way of Norfolk's going
IH theie a business man in Norfolk
who would contend that the value of
his property would not bo Inen'nseil
very much moro than that , by paving ?
There Isn't a renter on the street ,
The News ventures to say , who
wouldn't be willing to pay $1 per
month moro in rent , for a 22-foot build
Ing , for the sake of the paving. The
cost IH so small as to bo ridiculous as
an argument against paving.
Norfolk ought to bo so glad that the
city now has moro than 5,000 peopli
and is thus allowed under the law to
uito bonds for paving street intersec
tions , that there should he not a mo
mont's hesitation on the part of any
property owner in signing Unit peti
The city has waited for years for
paving lias waited because wo never
before j had 5,000 people and therefore
never , wore allowed to vote bonds for
paving Intersections nnd now , now
that the law allows us to pave , surely
ly the property owners of Norfolk nit ;
too progressive and too enterprising to
allow $143 per 22-foot lot to stand in
the way of the now Norfolk !
Apparently nil questions have been
answered ; can there now be any nrgu
merit against paving ?
Norfolk knows what it wants when
lit wants it for example , a paved
street t and n new depot.
Wouldn't a paved street increase
the value of your 22-foot lot on Nor
folk avenue to the extent of $143.50 ?
That's all it would cost.
The people of Norfolk are going to
remember those who sign that paving
petition ; and they're going to remern
ber those who don't.
How can any man who makes his
living in Norfolk , be willing to con
spire to give his own town a black
eye by knocking the paving proposl
tion t ?
Half of two states are watching to
sec whether Norfolk will pave , ns it
said It would , or allow its dead ones
to bury Its head in the mud of Nor
folk ' avenue.
A failure now to pave would be the
worst calamity that has ever hap
perred to this town. And the people
who contributed to the failure would
be i hold responsible.
-Madison is getting a new depot , it
is said in Madison that the Union Pa-
cillc expects to move the discarded
shrck to Norfolk to replace the pres
ent U. P.-M. & O. depot here.
For twenty years Norfolk didn't
pave because it didn't have enough
people under the law to allow the city
to vote bonds for paving intersections.
Now that it lias the necessary fi.OOO
to do this , will it fail to pave because
of obstructionists within Its midst ?
Enough property owners of the pro
gressive type , having faith in the city
and its welfare at heart , as well as
the welfare of their own property ,
have already signed that petition to
justify the mayor and city council in
going ahead with the work as they
can do , under the law.
ATCHISON GLOBE SIGHTS.
Radishes and lettuce bear the same
relation to food that platonic love docs
It is well there are uniforms ; other
wise some men would escape notice
Promptness doesn't amount to much
unless you manage to do something
after you arrive.
The worst has come ; an Airhisnn
woman named Margaret writes her
The man who feels like sneezing
and can't , has the notion of the real
thing in disappointment. ,
If a man who is a poor speller , Is
bravo enough to write a love letter to
school teacher , his friends needn't
worry about Ills future ; he will also
be brave enough to boss her.
When an old fashioned woman
sends notice to u newspaper that she
is sick , she explains : "I want my
friondH to know why I am not at
The man who gets irr his disagreeable -
able remarks In the form of a "Joko"
is disliked about as much as any style
of man wo know.
The great argument in favor of getting -
ting married Is that a man will quit .
going to see the girls nnd go to hod
nt n decent hour nt night.
A man may not have done anything
wrong , but that makes no difference
His wife , to show that she is Kind
and Patient and Good , forgives him
In Live Stock
XVI. Feeding Beef Cattle.
By C. V. GREGORY ,
Author of "Home Course In Modern
Agriculture. " "Miklntf Money on
the Farm , " Etc.
Copyright. ItKHJ , by Amrrlcin l'rei
are two general meth
ods of making beef. The tirst
consists In crowding ( ho
calves from birth until they
are about eighteen months of ago.
when they are marketed as baby beef.
The other method Is to buy up young
stuff , feed U for a few months and
well It for what It will bring. The bulk
of these feeders Is bo ight in the fall
as two-year-olds and fed through Uio
winter. 8orne are bought as yearlings
and kept a year on rough feed and
pasture before they are ptrt into the
With the lessening .size of the ranges
and consequent smaller supply of west
ern feeders , It is becoming more neces
sary for the farmer to raise bis own
cattle. Where this is done it will
usually be most profitable to sell them
us baby beef , thus avoiding the ex
pense of keeping them until lliroe
years old. liood dual purpose cows
nro usually used to produce baby beef
animals , sitii e It is too often a losing
proposition in l.oep a cow a year for
the calf alone \Vbere the calves are
being rained fur breeding pur | > nsc.s and
Fid. XXX. GOOD IlEIIKKOItl
. . ) HTEEIL
sell for a substantial advance over
market prices they may be allowed to
run with their mothers and live on
new milk. This Is too expensive a
food for beef calves , however. Asnoon
as the calf Is a week old It should be
gradually changed from whole to skim
milk , according tu the-plan given In
nrtlclo 8. As soon 'as possible the
cnlvcH should be taught to eat shelled
corn , with perhaps a few oats mixed
with it. With clover or alfalfa for
roughage , .shelled corn alone does very
well. The calves should be given all
the rough feed they will eat. as by
developing n large capacity when
young greater gains can lie obtained
From the standpoint of milk produc
tion It Is best | o have tlie calves come
in i the fall , but if cheap gains on the
calves is the main point sought spring
calving Is preferable. In this way the
calves \ \ \ \ \ have to be kept Uirouirh but
one ( u Inter , and two summers of cheap
gains on iz'M ' s can be obtained. If I he
calves come In the spring they should
be turned on gr.iss ns soon as possible.
A shady p.isiuie. with an occasional
spraying for tiles when they are bad.
will add to the gains. Some grain
should be fed all summer , the amount
being controlled largely by the price.
Heavy grain feeding Increases the rate
of gain , but adds to the cost. Grain
feeding should continue throughout
the winter , with the addition of plenty
of clover or alfalfa hay and a little
silage or roots , if such feed can be
One of the best ways to feed to corn
at this time Is to snap It and run it
through a sllcer. There Is a freshness
about snapped corn that makes the
cattle rollHh it a great deal moro than
they do corn that has been husked.
The feeding value of the husks
amounts to considerable too. A little
oil or cottonseed meal added to the ra
tion will cheapen the cost of gain If
corn Is high in price. The most rapid
gains are made where alfalfa or clover
forms the only roughage , fed at the
rate of about three pounds of hay to
one of corn. Adding a little cheaper
roughage reduces the cost of gain ,
however. Part of the clover may be
replaced to advantage by silage.
The feed given .should be liberal , as
calves tend to grow rather than to fat
ten. ( This tendency is specially evi
dent in calves of "scrub" ancestry.
The feeder should endeavor to make
them grow and fatten at the
time , never losing the "calf fat. " Dur-
ini ; the early part of the second .sum
mer , while the grass Is at Its best , the
rain feeding may slacken somewhat ,
but should be increased again after a
month or so until the calves are get
ting all they will clean up. The prop
er time to market \\lll depend largely
upon the price and ( lie llnlsh of the
tattle. A little extra finish adds con
siderably to the price.
In experiments that have boon car
ried on to determine the relative cost n
of gains It has been found that gains
can be put \carllngs from - " to 30 , v
per cent cheaper than on two-year-
olds. Objection Is sometimes made to
baby beef raising on the ground that
the cheap roughage , such as cornstalks
and straw , cannot be disposed of In
this \\t\y. \ This Is true , but the cows .
will use a largo part of this feed , and
the rest can tie turned Into bedding
and u ed to swell the size of the inn-
tuiro nllo. There are * omo advantages
In feeding older cattle , however. They
gain faster and more uniformly and
put on u better finish ,
Feeding Older Cattle.
Where \\o-jtnir-oids l uro to be fed
thev mum usuallj Uuurvhuned. . Oc-
ruNiotinlly a few can be picked up In
the neighborhood , hut If any number
are \\anicd they will have to lie bought
( in the general market. Mr order to
riiaUo a prollt In ( ceding there must
lie a mat gin bet \\eeti the cost of feed
ci'M and the selling price of fa ! animals
It the fat siccr sells tor $1 a hundred
\\eight \ mure tliiui hea.s bought lor ,
einh bundled pounds of his original
weight has been Iticr eased In value $1.
It Is In this \MI.V that most of the protll
in feeding Is obtained.
llu.\ing feeding cattle right is one
of the most Important factors to suc
cess In the cattle business. l < arge cat
tle can he safely purchased err a nar
rower margin than lighter ones , tdncv
( hero IH more weight to be Increased
In value. For instance , a margin of $1
on a TOO pound steer would mean an
Increase In value of $7. Otr a 1'JOO
pound steer the margin would need to
lie only tKt cents to produce the same
amount. Another general principle I *
that the lower the price at which the
feederH are bought the greater must bo
t.ie margin. Of course the margin in
any case can be only estimated , since
the soiling price cannot bo foretold tea
a certainty in advance.
In s lectlng feeder steers there are a
nunilit r of points to be kept In mind.
One of the most important of these IH
uniformity. A hunch of steers that
at- uniform us to sl/.o and quality will
feed belter together and bring a bettor
price when fattened. The feeders
should come as near the beef type as
possible short face and neck , deep
body , well sprung ribs , broad ImcU.
straight , top and under line , long rump ,
fairly short legs. The steer with : i
sway buck or Hat film should be avoid
ed. A sway back will never become
thickly covertd with flesh , and a nar
row one cannot carry IIH much meat as
n wide one. Since thin IN whore the
highest priced meat is found , thin
point will hi * an Important one. In
addition to this , the Hlcem should have
good constitution and large digestive
capacity without being paunchy. Too
large a paunch IOHHOIIS the percentage
of dressed beef that the animal will
kill out , while a steer that is "tucked
up" In the Hank will never make good
gains. If any of the cattle have horns
they should be dehorned at once after
getting them home.
The usual method of getting cattlit
on feed is to hurry the process IIH much
as possible , getting them on full feed
within fifteen to thirty days from the
time they were lirst put Into the feed
lot. Where the cattle are to be on
feed but a short time , say ninety days ,
tills in undoubtedly the best method.
It is not economical , however. Larger
amounts of grain will be used with
less roughage. The gains grow smaller
toward the end of the feeding period ,
as the cattle begin to tire of the heavy
rations. Where tills plan Is followed
the safest plan in to chaff the hay
wlUr n food cutter nnd mix the grain
with it. Some oilmeal should bo uxeti
to balance the corn.
A more profitable plan usually Is to
start in more slowly , taking an long as
sixty days to got the cattle on full
feed. Tire main feed during this pre
liminary period and much of the lalnr
period as \\oll may be snapped corn.
Considerable silage may bo fed to ad
vantage during the llrst part of the
feeding period. If fed silage during
the finishing period they will n < it
smooth up asell , ship as well or Sell
This plan of using a lighter grain
ration and a longer feeding period
produces cheaper gains down to n
certain point , Uy the end of M.\ty
days the c.ntle should lie on full feed
and should reecho nearly all they will
clean up ftiun that lime on. They
are In boiler shape to stand crowding
than If they had been pushed from
the start and \vlll continue to make
satisfactory ; ; aiiis up to the end of
the feeding period. Some oil or cot
tonseed meal should be given during
the last thirty days , as it not only
cheapens the cost of gains , but also
adds to the finish. Where there are
hogs following cattle , grinding feed
will seldom pay. with the possible ex
ception of the last two or three weeks
Experiments In feeding for a long
period compared as to profits with
feeding for a short period have shown
that If roughage bo relatively more
plentiful and cheaper than meal then
the "long feed" is the moro profitable
PIO. X\XI. flOOB ANOI S BTl'EIl.
but whenriie.il p'eiitlful ' and rough-
igo scarce then the "short feed" is
likely to be more profitable.
Experiments In feeding lots of an in-
rerior class of steer In comparison with
lots of a medium class of 4cor and lots
) f a superior < lass of steer go to show
ihtit the superior class give greater re.-
iiirns for feed fed. make greater gal DM
n a given time , and sell for a higher
irice than do the Inferior class.
Feeding steers twice a day rather
llian more frequently has been found
idvlsablo. Feeding n succulent ration
ia > been found to he cheaper and moro
ivliolesome than an nil dry feed ration.
Mixing roughage and tnonl seems to
- Ivo bettor results than feeding them
Father-What do you mean , my son.
> y sailing that your teacher Is a mil- \
sluiceTheolmldWcll. . that's what
you call me when 1 ask questions , an'
teacher does nothln' el.so.
"Is your husband all you thought he
"Just about Hut ho doesn't com
tlone to helnjf all he thought ho wa . "
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