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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1909)
THE NOiiFOLK WEEKLY NEWS .TfUIKXAL irillhAY .TPLY 1G HlOfl
Pleasures of the Week.
Mrs. C. U. Dili-land entertained n fo\v
friends and relatives vury Informally
Wednesday afternoon. The guests luul
the pleasure of visiting with Mrs. C.
I , Hornard and llttlo daughter , Mnry ,
who wore KtioHtn of Mrs. Durlnnd.
Mrs. Dornard was enrouto to Plain-
view from Davenport , la. , to spend the
tuinunor In the homo of her parents ,
Mr ; and Mrs. Gllhort Durlnnd.
Mrs. A. E. Chambers cntortalnod n
company of llttlo folks at n picnic HUP-
per party at the Country cluh on Fri
day In honor of Mary and. Margaret
Cunningham of Columbus , who are
visiting her llttlo daughter , Atllona.
Mrs. C. 13. llurnham entertained the
bridge clnh on Monday afternoon.
The MIsROH Ueynolds of Chicago and
MI-H. C. H. Allen of Durant , Oklu. , wore
out of town guests.
C. .1. Ilullock has enjoyed n visit
during the week from a couple of fra-
tornlty brothers , Marry Huso of Fill-
lorton , Neb. , and Jake Pence of Mad
Mr. and Mrs. N. A. Halnholt enter
tained a small company at supper on
Thursday evening In honor of their
daughter , Mrs. W. H. Ilucholz.
Letters from Mr. and Mrs. J. B.
Maylard tell of a moat interesting trip.
They have reached Los Angeles , whore
they will stay until the close of the
Hilts' convention , a week from today.
They expect to return homo the last
of the month , accompanied by their
daughter , Helen , who has been spend
ing the past six months In California.
Mrs. W. H. Bucholz of Omaha vis
ited In the homo of her parents , Mr.
nnd Mrs. N. A. Ralnbolt , a few days
during the past week , enroute homo
from a trip to Seattle. Mrs. Bucholz
returned to Omaha on Friday , accom
panied by her sons , Fritz and Arden ,
who had been visiting here during nor
Word from Mr. and Mrs. D. Baum ,
who arc at Rochester. Minn. , states
they have not been able to secure a
room In the hospital for Mrs. Baum ,
owing to the number of patients al
ready there. They hope to have her
enter today or Monday.
Mrs. 12 .A. Bullock wont to Chicago
the first of the week to Join Mr. Bul
lock , who has been there the past
three weeks on business. Mr. and
Mrs. Bullock will return homo next
Mrs. E. P. Wentherby Is In Omaha
visiting her sister , Mrs. Joseph Shoe
maker , and making the acquaintance
of her now niece and namesake , Ger
trude Josephine Shoemaker.
Miss Josephine Butterfleld will re
turn home next week from the east.
Since graduating from "Wellesley"
Miss Butterlleld lias been enjoying a
number of house parties.
Misses Anna and Elizabeth Rey
nolds , who have been guests in the
home of their brother , C. II. Reynolds ,
the past four weeks , left Thursday for
their homo In Chicago.
Mr. and Mrs. Edwin Johnson and
two children of Chicago are expected
tomorrow for a three weeks' visit with
Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Mathewson and
Dr. and Mrs. C. S. Parker.
Messrs. D. Mathewson , J. S. Math-
tnvson , Robert Mathowson of Wake-
Held and Edwin Johnson of Chicago
go to Long Pine on Monday to enjoy
n week of trout fishing.
Mrs. W. II. Butterlleld entertained a
small company of young ladles Friday
afternoon. Miss Camilla Maxwell of
Columbus , WIs. , was the guest of hon
Mr. Engles , sr. , who makes his home
with his son , E. C. Engles , on North
Ninth street , Is recovering from a se
Misses Mary and Margaret Cun
ningham of Columbus are guests in
the homo of Mr. and Mrs. A. E. Cham
bers , on North Ninth street.
Mrs. C. R. Allen of Durant , Okla. ,
loft Tuesday morning for Hawarden ,
la. , after a short visit In the home of
Mr. and Mrs. W. N. Huse.
Miss Camilla Maxwell of Columbus ,
WIs. , is In Norfolk for a visit In the
homes of W. H. and G. D. Butterfleld.
Mr. and Mrs. G. D. Butterfleld left
today noon for Chicago , whore they
will spend the coming week.
Mr. and Mrs. M. B. Irvln and daugh
ter , Doris , will leave Monday for a two
weeks' visit in Chicago.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Buttorfleld re
turned Sunday from a delightful three
weeks' trip In the east.
Mrs. W. G. Baker of South Omnha
Bpent Sunday In Norfolk , a guest of
Mrs. W. N. Huse.
Mr. and Mrs. A. L. Kllllnn and son ,
Herbert , spent Sunday In Wahoo , Nob. ,
Miss Kathryn Bogardus of Nellgh
has been visiting Miss Marlon Stltt
the past week.
Miss Muriel Jones of Lincoln has
been the guest of Miss Melllo Bridge
the past week.
Mrs , A. Randklev and children have
gonu to Aberdeen , S , D. , to spend the
Mr. nnd Mrs. S. M. Braden will
leave Monday noon for a visit In Chi
Mrs. P. H. Salter returned Friday
from n trip to Boston and Now York
Mrs. H. 12. Warrlck Is homo from a
three months' visit In Omaha.
Preston Ogden and Drlde Coming ,
Mr. and Mrs. Preston Edgar Ogden
will bo In Norfolk during the coming
chautatuiua. Mr. Ogdcn is a son of
Mr. and Mrs. M. L. Ogden of Norfolk.
Mr. and Mrs. Ogden are now living
In Lincoln and are going into evan
gelistic singing. Concerning their
wedding of Juno 2C , the following ac
count has been received :
Saturday afternoon at half after 5
o'clock , at the home of Mrs. V. M.
Maltby , Carml , 111. , occurred the mar
riage of Miss Julia Hello Edwards of
Augusta , Ga. , to Mr. Preston Edgar
Ogden , of Lincoln , Neb.
Mrs. Maltby's lovely homo was dain
ty and fragrant with sweet peas and
tall ferns. The ceremony took place
In the largo parlor , under an arch of
As Mendelssohn's wedding inarch ,
played by Miss Cllffo McIIenry , sound
ed , the bridal party came down the
stairway and Into the parlor , where
they wcro mot by Rov. J. E. Christie ,
who read the beautiful marriage ser
vice of the Presbyterian church. Llt
tlo Miss Florence Cochran , a grand
daughter of Mrs. Maltby , entered first ,
bearing the ring In a boquet of white
lilies , then came Miss Annie Akin Shu
mate of this city and Miss Nolllo Em
ily Mnltby , In white lingerie princess
gowns and carrying white sweet peas.
The brldo , who entered with the
groom , was gowned In a princess dross
of white messallno , slightly trained.
The waist to yoke depth was formed
of white lace from the front of which
an embroidered panel reached to the
hem of the gown. Her veil was caught
to her hair with n tiny gold and enam
eled spray of mistletoe , and she car
ried a superb boquet of Shasta daisies.
After the ceremony a delightful
course supper was served and the
color scheme of pink and white was
carried out In every detail of the sal
ads and Ices , while pink nnd white
profusion lent their fragrance to the
Mr. and Mrs. Ogden will make their
homo In Lincoln , Neb.
It is with unfeigned and very general
regret that friends of Mrs. Ogden real
ize that her home will hereafter be
away from thorn. She Is a young wo
man of culture , refinement and social
Her beauty of character nnd her
superior Intellect have been always
evident to all who know her and her
helpful bible teaching will be greatly
Mr. Ogden Is well remembered by
many friends made hero during a visit
last summer when ho charmed all by
the beauty of his delightfully magnifi
cent tenor voice. Mr. Ogden is a
man of ability and moral worth and
the best of good wishes are wafted to
them In their new life.
Mr. and Mrs. Ogden will spend a
few days with Mrs. Maltby in Carml ,
and will visit Mr. Ogden's relatives
while enroute to their future homo in
Lincoln , Neb.
A quiet wedding took place Thurs
day afternoon at Madison fn which
William Willems and Miss Bertha
Knetzel of Bassett , sister of Mrs.
Chris. Willems , were the principals.
Immediately after the wedding Mr.
and Mrs. Willems left for Bassett for
a week's visit , after which they will
return to Norfolk. Friends were sur
Wayne Normal Notes.
Business matters called Professor
Raubach to South Sioux City Satur
Miss Van Conett visited over Sun
day with friends at Tekamah. She
returned to her work in the model
school Monday evening.
Miss Rose Head is enjoying a pleas
ant visit from her sister this week.
Arthur Anderson of Concord was
visiting friends on the hill Tuesday.
Mr. Anderson Intends to enter the
state university this fall.
The majority of the students were
visitors nt their homes over Sunday.
School began again Tuesday morning
after a vacation of several days.
Miss Eleanor Borg returned Wed
nesday from Cascade , Colo. , where she
went as delegate to the Y. W. C. A.
conference from the college associa
tion. She reports a large and enthu
Superintendent Doremus of Madi
son was a caller at the office Tues
day afternoon. Mr. Doremus is pre
paring to move to his now home at
Aurora where he will have charge of
the city schools.
Miss Joslo Richardson of Madison
spent several days last week visiting
with friends on the hill. Miss Rich
ardson will teach In the Interstate
department of the Creston schools
Among the now students to enroll
this week are the following : Mrs.
Sweeney of Humphrey , Misses An
drews of Lindsay , Miss Wldaraan of
Norfolk , Miss Cook of Plalnview , Miss
Pollock of Hartington , and Mr. Ras-
dal of Homer.
GAMBLE FALLS INTO LINE.
Breaks With His Colleague on Tariff
Washington , July 10. Senator Gam
ble of South Dakota , was the only In
surgent to finally line up for the Al-
drlch tariff bill when It passed the
senate. His colleague , Senator Craw
ford , finally yielded to the scolding
he and Gamble received last week
from the South Dakota Insurgent dele
gation that visited Washington nnd
voted against the bill , though ho had
supported many of Its principal pro
visions. Even just before the final
roll call Gamble and Crawford broke
away from the Insurgent brethren to
vote against La Folletto's amendment
decreasing the woolen duties , but
Crawford could not withstand the de
mand of the Dakota Insurgents headed
by State Chairman Cook and United
States Attorney Wagner to finally
break the alliance with Aldrtch and
the republican majority of the senate.
Gamble , however , had gone so far In
the support of the senate bill that ho
could not refuse to vote for It In the
end , but as he Is said to have wavered
considerably after the visit of the
Dakota leaders last week , and his vote
was somewhat In doubt until cast.
Just before the roll was called
Crawford made a statement to the
senate that he would vote against the
bill , though there were some excellent
things In It , nnd ho did not believe
It was going to ruin the country. However -
over , ho said he would record his vote
against the bill as n notice to the con
ferees to make further reductions.
Senator Cummins of Iowa , was the
first senator to follow La Follette In
declaring to the senate In advance of
the roll call that ho would vote against
the bill. Dolllvor remained silent dur
ing the closing debate , but ho voted
Just as loud as did Cummins against
Brlstow of Kansas , was the first In
surgent on the roll call to cast his
vote against the bill , and he was fol
lowed In quick succession by Brown
and Burkett , of Nebraska , who had
supported many of the most Important
senate amendments to the bill , includ
ing the corporation tax , but who could
not resist the pressure of the other In
surgents to finally oppose the senate
bill. Clapp and Nelson of Minnesota ,
and Beverldge of Indiana , were the
other Insurgents of ten to vote with
CHILDREN BURN TO DEATH.
Explosion of Coal Oil In Home of P.
T. Watson , Near Emerson.
Emerson , Neb. , July 10. Two chil
dren of P. T. Watson , who live four
miles east of Emerson , wore burned
to death. The father and mother
were In Emerson and the oldest boy ,
Pendel , aged 1C , poured some kero-
sine oil from a five-eallon can Into the
stove. The Ore In the stove caused
au explosion. Pendel and his brother
Walter , aged 12 , carried the two chil
dren , aged IS mouths and 3 years ,
out of doors and dipped them Into a
water tank to quench the fire in their
clothes. The boys then rushed back
to the house and put out the fire In
the room. Then they telephoned lethe
the parents , who secured a doctor and
started for home. Before help arriv
ed the two children were dead. Pen
del was badly burned about the
hands and feet and Walter was burn
ed on the hands.
Goldle , In Wayne Democrat : Of
course the record of deaths and acci
dents from the deadly fire cracker Is
same as usual. By dad , I never could
see any sense In It , and have been
scolded a good deal for not giving
my children a chance to be blown to
pieces or die from powder burns , but
any person with horse sense ought to
know , when the terrible experience
of hundreds of others is put before us
every year , tnat gun powder and dyna
mite should have no place In a Fourth
of July celebration. Think of that
prominent , no doubt intelligent man of
Louisville , Ky. , picking up a giant
firecracker to see why It didn't ex
plode ! It Is remarkable what dam-
phules the American people are on
this firecracker proposition. The suf
fering of one poor , little child ought to
be sufficient cause for the courts to
stamp it out Instanter , and yet , when
July 4th comes round we know there
are to be about so many with fingers ,
hands or eyes blown out , and no ef
fort is made to prevent the slaughter
of the innocents.
Goldie , In Wayne Democrat : There
Is no portion of a girl's costume to
which she Is more tenderly solicitous
than the front of her corsage. It may
be because her heart Is imbedded
there or thereabouts. Anyhow , more
of the ingenuity of the designers of
fashions and more of the care of wear
ers Is lavished on a square foot of
surface than on any yard of area
elsewhere. If a woman has an extra
fine piece of lace she places It on her
bosom. If she has a bit of rare era-
broidery that Is the spot chosen to
display it. Nothing is too good for
decoration of that favored section.
And if she loves a thing , be It a pet
poodle or n lover's head , she In
stinctively hugs it there.
TRUST PERIOD EXTENDED.
Omaha Indians Will Not be Given
Titles to Their Lands.
Ponder , Neb. , July 10. The original
twenty-five-year trust period on the
Omaha reservation lands was about to
expire this year , whereby the Omaha
Indians would have como Into posses
sion of the absolute fee titles to 'heir
allotments , but a telegram reco'ved '
Thursday from Washington announces
that the same has been extended for
ton years by the president of the
United States. This prevents quite a
largo amount of land from becoming
taxable next year fn Thurston county.
Also it ( s said , that many persons had
made contracts with Indians in antici
pation of the Issuance of their final
patents , expecting to buy their lands.
Under the allotment acts all such con-
Iraqis are absolutely void and unen-
forcible. If any money has been paid
on such contracts It Is not only not
possible to enforce the contract , but
It cannot bo collected back. It Is sup
posed that the eagerness of the land
speculators In attempting to purchase
the lands before the expiration of the
trust porlod had much to do with
bringing about the extension just
North Nebraska Tennis Tourney.
Wayne Herald : The northeastern
Nebraska tennis tournament Is to be
held In Wayne this month. The date
has not yet been definitely determin
ed upon but it will probably be soui > >
day next week HO ns to get It out of
the way of the chautauquawhich be
gins on the 22nd. It will bo remembered -
ed that the Wayne players last year
showed that they understood the gnmo
and know how to handle the racquet ,
as they won some nice trophic.by
their skill nnd they hope to do as well
or bettor this year. Further mention
will bo made of the time , place and
Tom Taggart Is Cleared.
Chicago , July 10. Thomas Taggart
of French Lick Springs , Ind. , former
member of the aumocratlc national
committee , whoso name was mention
ed In the testimony given by Ella
G Ingles , the 18-year-old Irish lace-
maker and who took the stand as a
witness yesterday In Judge Brontano's
court for the purpose of clearing his
name of any connection with the case ,
was completely exonerated by a for
mal statement made by Attorney P.
II. O'Donnoll , counsel for the ( Jingles
girl , and also by his own testimony.
Miss Gingles had stated while a
witness that on the night of the first
alleged attack on her she heard the
name of Taggart mentioned. Later
she said she had never scon Mr. Tag-
gart , that ho had never written to
her , nor had he harmed her in any
way. She did declare , however , that
her assailants had tried to force her
to go to French Lick Springs , where
she would have "plenty of money , fine
dresses and nothing to do. "
Taggart's Own Story.
As n preliminary to his testimony
on the point which brought him into
court , Mr. Taggart stated that ho had
lived In Indiana for thirty-five years
and that he was married and had been
in the hotel business at French Lick
Springs for a great many years.
"I have been mayor of Indianapolis ,
chairman of the national democratic
committee and president of a street
railway company , " the witness con
"Do you know Miss Barrette , the
complainant In this case ? "
"How did you get acquainted ? "
"She worked as a manicure for a
man by the name of Gibson at French
Lick. He sold out to her and I , of
course , re-rented to her the apart
ments in one of my hotels. "
"Did you ever hear anything against
her character ? "
This question started a wrangle be
tween the attorneys , in the midst of
which Attorney O'Donnell , addressing
the court and Mr. Taggart , made a
formal statement , exonerating Mr.
Taggart in every particular , saying :
"I want it distinctly understood that
Mr. Taggart's name was brought into
this case over my protest. We have
proof that Miss Gingles was never ac
quainted with Mr. Taggart and his
name was mentioned only indirectly
to her. It might have been any one
of ten thousand names of wealthy
men , but it fell to Mr. Taggart , and
In this particular Mr. Taggart is un
The interrogation of the witness as
to Miss Gingles was exceedingly
"Do you know Miss Gingles ? " ask
ed Attorney Short.
"I do not , " answered Mr. Taggart
Miss Gingles' eyes were glued on
the witness as he spoke. She took
in every detail of his light suit , his
low shoes and the diamond which
sparkled on his cravat.
"Did you ever hear of Miss Gingles
before this case ? " continued Mr.
"Only some months ago , when some
body brought me a paper containing
the names of Miss Gingles and Miss
"You were not subpoenaed here by
the state were you ? "
"I was not subpoenaed by anybody.
I heard that my name was being
used , and , as a man of family , I came
to clear my name of any shadow
which might have been thrown over
Attorneys In Clash.
At this point Attorney O'Donnell ' re
peated with emphasis his statement ,
declaring that there was not a scintilla
of evidence In his possession , nor in
that of his client , Justifying the use
of Mr. Taggart's name. He declared It
had been brought Into the case by the
"You don't know me , Mr. Tnggart ,
do you ? " Mr. O'Donnell asked.
"I do not. "
"And I don't know you , " responded
the defense's lawyer.
"Oh , you're too busy trying to clear
your own skirts , " said Mr. Short ,
glancing sharply nt Mr. O'Donnell.
"Do you know of any branch of the
'white slave' clique that has Its head
quarters at French Lick ? " asked Mr.
"What Is a 'white slave ? ' " Mr. Tag
gart Inquired with a perplexed look.
The definition was given by Mr.
Short and then Mr. Tnggart replied :
"No , sir ; I never heard of any such
Mr. O'Donnell again took the wit
"Mr. Taggart , who first Injected
your name Into this case ? "
"I don't know. "
Mr. Short again Interrupted , accus
ing Mr. O'Donnell of having given out
statements to the papers , using Mr.
"I did not' " replied Mr. O'Donnell
hotly. "I am not an assassin. "
Dr. H. A. Watson , house physician
of the Wellington hotel , was then call
ed to the stand.
North Nebraska Weddings ,
Charles A. Wood of Ellis nnd Nettle
Fern Sears were married at the homo
of the bride's parents , at Wayne ,
A SMnLLJJND TUBE
The Vermiform Appendix and Its
PROBLEM OF APPENDICITIS.
The Causea of the Di'ae * and th
Methods of Fighting It The Way
the Operation of Removal li Per
formed Disease a * Old aa Mankind.
Appendicitis ts not n dlseaso of mod
ern times , though Its nature nnd meth
ods of treatment arc the result of
cnrcful observation by one of our well
known modern Burgeons while engaged
in postmortem work.
It may bo Bnfo to say that appendi
citis Is ns old as mankind , for In
studying very old histories wherein
are given the diagnoses of the physi
cians we read of cnses of Inflamma
tion of the bowels. Intestinal disorders
and like ailments the symptoms of
which prove that ; tlicy must have tuH'n
Appendicitis Is Inflammation of the
vermiform appendix , a small blind
tube , averaging two and n half Inches
In length nnd a quarter of an Inch In
diameter , attached to the coocum nt
Its Inner nnd posterior part. It Is
made of n very sensitive mucous mem
brane containing several glands.
The appendix is part of the digestive
tract Its function , It Is believed , being
to lubricate that part of the Intestines ,
though ns yet there Is no absolute
proof of this. Careful study of n child
from whom the colon has been re
moved until he reaches the age of
manhood has revealed no Irregulari
ties of any nature.
The causes of this disease irmy be
grouped under four beads stenosis ,
which means closing up : Impnctlon ,
the entrance of foreign bodies , not nec
essarily seeds ; exposure nnd Injury.
In fighting this disease nature takes
three methods of disposing of the toxic
materials discharging them Into the
peritoneal cavity , sending them Into
the bowels and discharging them
through an external wound. In the
first. If the discharge be not too rapid
while the peritoneum Is taking them
up , nature again makes an effort to
ward off the threatened danger by
wnlllng the poisonous matters In. thus
localizing them nnd so aiding the phy
sician or surgeon In his work. If ,
however , the discharge be sudden , as
Is the case when the mass bursts , the
whole of the peritoneum becomes In
volved , which Is called septic perito
nitis , and this Is generally fatal.
After the diagnosis has revealed the
llsease the doctor decides whether the
case bo one for medicine or external
treatment or for separation. In the
latter case the greatest of care Is de
manded , as sometimes an Immediate
operation Is necessary , while at other
times It must be delayed , often for
hours , until the condition of the pa
tient fans been brought to that point at
which the surgeon can foci It Is safe tn
The operation determined upon , the
most careful arrangements to secure
perfect antisepsis arc made , nnd the
patient is placed in a full state of an
The operating Burgeon then draws
an Imaginary line from the navel to
the anterior superior spine of the right
hip bone , dividing that line Into three
parts. Under the Inner side of the
middle third the appendix In normal
cases will be found , though In rare
cases it has been found on the left Bide
and In extremely rare cases otherwise
Having satisfied himself of the exact
spot under which It will be found , an
Incision from two to five Inches long
Is made In the skin. ( Some of the best
Burgeons pride themselTcs on the
emallness of their incisions In this op
eration. ) The fatty tissues are then
cut through , the small blood vessels
are secured , and then the muscular
walls of the abdomen are separated ,
bringing Into view the peritoneum.
This Is a serous secretive lining com
posed of two layers. On cutting
through this the edges of both layers
arc clamped so as to enable the sur
geon to reunite them when the opera
tion shall have been completed.
The Intestines are now visible , and
the affected section Is very tenderly
drawn through the opening , where tbo
nature nnd extent of the Infection are
made known. Hot towels moistened
with salt water nro kept applied to the
Intestine while It Is exposed. The
word "tenderly" characterizes the
whole of this ojmratlon , as the surgeon
must bo more than careful to prevent
any rupture of the appendix , for ehoufd
this happen while he Is operating the
pus would bo quickly taken up by the
peritoneum and other mucous mem
branes , and the resulting complications
would malco the outcome very uncer
The mesentery , a largo vessel adjoin
ing the appendix. Is next llgated , and
then the colon Is tied off , after wuich
the diseased organ Is cut array. Tin-
stump Is pushed back Into the Intes
tine nnd the ligature Is tightly drawn ,
flila tn nroront tlio fnrmlnir of n nntu h.
The removal safely accomplished ,
the Intestine Is replaced , tbo edges of
the peritoneum are carefully opproxl
mated and the muscular walls , fatty
tissue and skin arc brought together
by subcutaneous and cutaneous BU
In the majority of cases , no com
plications ensuing , the patient Is ready
for dlscharg in.tvro wjeeks. James M.
Bmyth , M. D. . In New York World.
He Was Warned.
Mrs. Jones Did you really expect mete
to accept you the night you proposed ?
Mr. Jones Yea , love. Just before I got
to your house I heard a dog bowl three
times , saw the moon over my left
shoulder and walked under a ladder.
They Were Decked With Lace
and Bows of Ribbon.
A FASHION OF OTHER DAYS.
Their U e Wai Quite Common , Too ,
and Not Confined to Pops and Dan-
dlei trouble Muffs Were Once In
Vogue -Extreme ! of Style In Sices.
MufTH were invented for the use of n
man. At least HO the legend goes. It
scorno n classic shade found the nlr of
the world BO beastly cold when he ro-
asccndcd to earth after his death that
bis hands were almost frozen.
Consequently It was decreed that the
slayer of the poor young gentleman
should kill enough sables evidently
sables wcro appreciated even In those
early days to make n covering for the
frosted fingers , no did It , and that
was the origin of the muff.
Even If ono Is not prepared to ac
cept this account of the first muff as
authoritative there Is ono thing that Is
certain. It Is only tn very modern
times that muffs have been the exclu
sive property of women. Up to the
third quarter of the eighteenth cen
tury taen were quite as addicted to
them ns women were.
In the wnrdrobo accounts of Henry ,
prlnco of Wales , for 1008 the prices of
two muffs nro set down. The most ex
pensive cost 7 , a very big sum In
those days , nnd Is described as being
made of cloth of silver wrought with
purls , plates and Venice twists of sli
ver nnd gold. The other was a com
paratively plain ono of black satin em
broidered with black silk , and Us price
was proportionately less , only 00 shil
At the time of Charles I and Charles
II. there was a curious fashion of dou
ble muffs , a small one for each hand ,
something like a big loose cuff. The
single or ordinary mutfs carried by the
English Indies of Hollar's etchings are
of medium slzo and made entirely of
smooth fur , arranged , as a rule , with
the hair running round the muff.
At the extreme end of the century ,
after the advent of William of Orange ,
men's muffs were still small and were
generally suspended from a ribbon
round the neck , but In 1703 it seems to
hnvo been more usual to loop the muff
to a coat button. There Is a widely
prevalent Idea , I think , thnt masculine
muff wearers Invariably belonged to
the dandy class the fops , beaus and
macaronies but this was not actually
tbe case , although the fashion was
certainly scoffed at by aomo contempo
Staid and elderly pentlomen carried
muffs habitually. For Instance , Dr.
Joe tab Tucker , dean of Gloucester and
n famous political economist , was so
attached to his huge fur muff that he
carried It even when officiating at the
cathedral services. Englishmen , how
ever , do not seem over to- have favored
lace frilled muffs such as wore affected
by Frenchmen during the early part of
the eighteenth century , but contented
themselves with trimmings of ribbon
bows , adornments quite sufficiently ef
feminate , one would think.
Muffs , both ladles' and gentlemen's ,
varied much In size at different times
from the reign of Queen Anne onward.
In 1710 they were very tiny , but grew
somewhat 'arger ' during the following
couple of decades. In 1740 , however ,
they bad decreased again , and a little
later Horace Walpole writes of send
ing George Montagu "a decent small
ish muff that you may put In your
pocket , nnd It cost but 14 shillings. "
But by 1700 both sexes were carrying
such capacious muffs that pet dogs
were often concealed In their warm re
cesses. About this time , by the way ,
muffs made of feathers were Intro
duced by reason , It'Is said , of an un
usual scarcity of furs In tbe market
In 1780 ladles' muffs men , except
such eccentric fogies as Dean Tucker ,
had by this time given up wearing
such things were decidedly diminu
tive. However , at the beginning of the
nineteenth century they were again of
monster proportions and BO continued
for about thirty years.
Two muffs of the year 1800 shown In
n fashion plate of that year are of
long , shaggy fur , and In the print ono
Is colored yellow and has a bow of
purple ribbon In the center , while the
other Is deep brown and has no trim
ming. Another huge muff of rough ,
dark fur Is shown la a set of fashion
plates for 1803.
A few years nearer our own time the
modish muff was large , flat nnd BO
widely open at tbe ends that It could
have afforded but scanty protection to
the wrists. One example was made of
ermine , a fur which was In high favor
from this time up to the mid-Victorian
period. London Queen.
The ore from which quicksilver to
obtained Is a brilliant red rock known
aa cinnabar. When of high parity it
la actually verrafllon to color. Cinna
bar Is the original source of the nte-
ment known commercially ns vermil
ion. It la a compound of sulphur and
quicksilver , and In order to separate
the latter from the sulphur the rock Is
roasted. Passing off In the form of a
gas , the mercury ia afterward con
densed and flows out tn a flno stream ,
like a * continuous pencil of molten sil
ver. Like gold and silver , mercury la
occasionally found In a native or pure
state. Sometimes the miner's pick
penetrates a cavity that contains a
cupful or more of the elusive and beau
tiful fluid. Miners ouffer much from
the poisonous effects of the quicksilver
fames. Extreme cleanliness 1s the best
oafeguard for workers In this danger
ous occupation. Use Is also made of a
sort of lernonado which serves to a cer
tain extent as an antidote , a strong
acid taking the place of lemon juice
In the composition of the drink.
Start New Show Hero.
A new wild west show which , It Id
Hiilil. will surpass all that have gene
before , Is being organized In Norfolk
by Al Ritchie , the American giant ,
who proved one of the moat spectac
ular features of the Fourth of July
celebration hero a week ago.
The now show will open In Norfolk
July 23 , 2-1 , 26 and 27 the first per
formance being given a week from
next Friday The show will he1 known
as "Al Ritchie's' Hlg Show and Fron
tier Days. "
The show will carry 200 people , fif
ty of whom are already n Norfolk.
More of the performers are arriving
Mr. Hltrhle has opened an olllco and
lioadquaitorH at the corner of Madison
nvoiuio and Third street , and nearly
all contracts for the performers have
Tent to Seat -1,000.
The big tent will be100 foot by fiOO
feet , with a soatlng capacity of 1,000 ,
and tho'corrall In which the cowboys ,
cowgirls , steers , bulls , etc. , perform
will bo 200x100. 13very precaution has
boon taken by the management to so-
euro the host kind of rope and ma
terial , HO that no danger of any of the
animals breaking through will bo ox-
There will ho fifty cowboys nnd four
women broncho busters , who will rldo
any horse , mule or steer , with or
without saddle or bridle , and anyone
is Invited to bring in high jumpers and
A prize of $ no will he paid If thono
performers cannot rldo any of UIOHO
Show to Carry Three Bands.
The show will carry three bands n
cowboy band of tt'iity-fonr pieces , Mrs.
Hoog's cowgirl band of twenty pieces ,
which consists of girls only , and Professor -
fessor DeAvoy's clown band of sixteen
Buying Material In Norfolk.
This show Is a new ono and all the
equipment Is new , from tent to guy
rope , saddle and bridle. All the lum
ber nnd everything that can ho bought
here Is being purchased in Norfolk.
The saddles are coming from Lincoln
and other Nebraska points. Mr.
Ritchie says his show is a Nebraska
show nnd he Is trying to buy every
thing ho possibly can from Nebraska
To Carry 300 Horses.
The number of horses the show will
carry will be 300 and are from every
part of the world. Many bronchos and
wild horses are among the number.
Many Acrobatic Features.
The feature of this big show will he
the quadrille of twenty-four cowboys
nnd cowgirls on horseback , with gun
displays , etc.
The sideshows will consist of a high
class musical comedy In which forty
girls perform. The girls are already
Not only will the big show carry
broncho busters of the best material ,
but acrobats from the very best shows
In the country , among them being the
six Japanese who have been making R
great hit on the western coast , nnd the
Auto to Run Over Hm.
Al. Ritchie , himself , will take part
fn some of the acrobatic feats. Among
the many physical torture exhibitions
he will do will be ono of allowing nn
automobile with twelve people In It
to run over him.
Charge of admission will bo 25 cents ,
for the reserved seats CO cents.
Ritchie has astonished the world
with his feats of physical strength.
He breaks Iron pipes over his head ,
bends Iron bars across his neck and
straightens them out by pounding
them over his chest and stomach , etc.
Norfolk Being Advertised.
Norfolk Is getting nation-wide pub
licity from this new show. A largo
advertisement appeared In the nation
al theatrical papers this week , as fol
WANTED 200 PEOPLE For Al.
Ritchie's Dig Shows and Frontier Days
In all departments. Fifty lady and
gent musicians , clown band , big novel
ty acts , 20 clowns , 50 broncho busters ,
also lady and gent straight riders , boss
canvasman , side show people all lines ,
25 cow girls , 10 billposters ( union ) , 3
advance men , 2 cooks , ticket sellers ,
door men , nnd grooms , hostlers , train
men nnd all kinds of workng men.
Show opens nt Norfolk , Nob. , July 23-
24-2G-27. I play three days to week
stands , all big cities of 10,000 and up.
Rehearsal July 20 , nt winter quarters.
Address wild western people , all lines.
Al. Ritchie , manager above show , care
winter quarters , Norfolk , Nob.
a > _ ,
Norfolk to Have Baseball Team.
Norfolk Is to have a paid baseball
team for this summer , after all.
And during August there will be a
solid week's baseball tournament held
hero , with ten fast baseball teams
from Nebraska and the Rosebud
country In " " South Dakota , participat
C. F. Page , who recently organized a
team nt Colome , S. D. , 1ms arrived In
the city and will organize and manage
a paid team in Norfolk , starting very
soon. Mr. Page says he will organize
a winning team nnd thnt nox
will find him here , still running tbo
team. Just nt present ho Is making
a canvass of the business men , solicit
ing monthly contributions for two
months. Ho wants about $400 per
month from tno town and says that If
ho can rnlso that amount ho can make
n success of n high grade ball club ,
such as Norfolk has not scon In sev
"Thero is no better advertisement
for a town than a fast ball club , " said
Mr. Page , "and a town as big and
progressive as Norfolk ought to have
a good one. "
Among the teams thnt will bo hero
In August for the flvo days' tourna
ment are these from Sewnrd , Friend ,
Grand Island , Hastings , Red Cloud ,
Neb. , and Gregory and Dallas , S. D.
The Indications arc that Norfolk
business men will support the team
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