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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (July 16, 1909)
THE NORFOLK WEEKLY NEVVs-JOUHNAL KHIUAY.TULY 1611)09 ) ,
Ttii Norfolk Weekly News-Journal
The News , EHtabllHho < n881.
The Journal. KHtnbllBhcd 1877.
THE HU8E PUDLI8HINQ COMPANY.
, W. N. Huso , N. A. HIIBO ,
ProHldont. _ _ Secretary.
Kvury Friday. By mull per your , ll.BO.
Kntorod at the postolllco nt Norfolk ,
Nob. , na Becond class matter.
No. 22. Business OIIlco nnil Jot ) HOOUIB
No. H 22.
Airship Block IB apt to bo mostly
IxB8 tlnui 10 jior cent of the Japan
ese nro lllltoruto.
Chicago la to luivo u now niulltorlum
which will hold l&.OOO people.
To bo nhlo to < lo coininon things un
commonly well IB n high art.
Itnillum IB now worth $8,000,000 u
pound. Jimt nn ounce , please 1
TcnnoBBOO IIHH passed Into the com
monplace. It Is u very dry subject.
In Japan dressou tire bought by
weight. Bathing nults must bo cheap.
Even tight fisted men regret It It
they hang to u cannon cracker too
An optimist , It IB Bald , Is ono who
always looks on the bright side of oth
er people's troubles.
The man who lights for the truth Is
Iiretty sure to ilnd out what It IB be
fore he finishes his Job.
The diamond tlarns are going out of
fashion. Getting too common for the
There arc compensations , even in
Ilussla. That country has eighty-six
Some men nro a constant marvel to
their friends because they know so
much * that Isn't so.
There Is a vast difference between
doing one's duty and doing one's
There Is a report of a big gold find
In Luzon. The time for giving up the
Philippines has evidently not arrived.
Now that the day we desecrate has
again passed Into history , let us once
more be sane and safe.
It Is said that Senator Aldrlch never
roads editorial opinions. Ho evidently
doesn't believe In borrowing trouble.
The Smith college seniors spent $50.-
000 for graduating clothes. This high
er education for women Is expensive.
It is a great thing to bo a consum
mate politician at least Mr. Aldrlch
finds It so in his handling of the tariff
There Is a rumor abroad that An
drew Cnrneglo Is going to offer his
medals to towns that refuse his li
The latest comet Is traveling a mill
ion miles an hour. Wouldn't the man
who hitched his wagon to that star bo
exceeding the speed limit ?
A Texas Judge has said that married
women don't own their own clothes.
It Is safe to say that he didn't speak
very loudly about It at his own homo.
In France every man who has seven
or more children Is exempt from taxa
Hon. This is one way of discouraging
race suicide and not such a bad Idea.
Many of the ladies are pleased and
really should be when you call them
peach basket hats. Peach baskets con
tain peaches when well filled.
J. P. Morgan and other financiers
with heavy money bags are assembled
In Washington to negotiate for the or
ganization of a pan-American bank.
It is now stated by scientific men
that the soul of a dog Is superior to
thnt of men. "Going to the dogs"
won't bo so bad after all.
There is such a thing as a golden
silence. The man who knows enough
to say nothing when the occasion calls
for It is possessed of a decidedly level
Ono purpose of chautauquas Is said
to be to keep oratory alive. They suc
ceed admirably In furnishing orators
and some other talkers with life's ne
A man In Brooklyn has Just cele
brated his 105th birthday. Ho ascribes
his long life to drinking regularly six
Klasses of beer and a pint of whisky
It seems strange , but It Is neverthe
less true , that the road for Improve
ment Is sorely neglected at times ,
while the road to ruin Is always kept
in Rood order.
A law has been discovered in New
York city that liquor should not bo
sold within 200 foot of n school or n
church. A good many schools and
churches may have to move.
A Chicago man ate a Panama hat.
They may become popular in that di
rection as they are said to bo fully ,
as palatable and more digestible than
801110 kinds of breakfast food.
The new police commissioner of
New York Is In favor of a "liberal con
struction" of the laws. This moans
nothing less than a partial destruction
of existing laws.
Mexico Is Buffering n Bovoro droulli
and the government has abolished the
duty on wheat until September 1. Al
berto , H. C. , and Washington arc pre
paring to Bhlp grain there.
Japan exports eleven million fans n
year. Why should the nations get excited -
cited over the Japs when they do so
much to enable other pcoplo to keep
A woman In San Francisco adver
tised that she would marry any man
for $250,000. Query : Whv should anyone
ono living In California pay that price
for a lemon ?
New Zealand Is the healthiest coun
try In the world. It Is far enough
away from the teeming millions of
other countries so It can afford to
wear Its Sunday best every day.
An editor recently announced that
he proposed to tell the truth , generally
speaking. The exceptions inferred arc
supposed to be In wedding and funeral
Evelyn Thaw attracts attention by
carrying about with her a pet snake.
It is the old story of the women and
the serpent , but this modern Instance
Is somewhat shopworn.
If President Taft can got such a
revolutionary measure as the corpora
tion tax adopted In the senate , there Is
no use In pretending that ho Is powerless -
loss to hnvo excessive schedules of
the Aid rich bill rectified.
A New York wife has eloped with n
neighbor's chauffeur. The husband
has offered a reward for the return of
the auto and the chauffeur. Some men
can be supremely tantalizing In an
While domestic training is now be
coming a part of the school work of
American girls , house work and mar
keting have for some years past been
a part of every Belgian girl's training.
Castro again bids defiance to Uncle
Samuel. Castro Is such a tiny speck
of n war cloud that he ought to bo
passed around for exhibition. He adds
greatly to the gaiety of the naMons.
The news comes irom Harvard that
nt commencement the new president ,
Lowell , appeared in a red necktie.
The sports are happy and the cause of
higher education goes forward with a
bound resembling a football game.
Public opinion is again proven to be
a mighty factor In the land. This was
the least murderous of any recent cel
ebration of the nation's birthday. So
much for the agitation In press and on
platform for a safe and sane Fourth.
Los Angeles has a new gas and elec
tric company recently Incorporated
with a capitalization of $30,000,000.
This corporation .Is designed to control
all the gas and lighting plants in
Gold nuggets are picked up in Alas
ka with the pick and shovel. In the
great central west they are secured
with the grain scoop , hay fork or potato
tate hcjp and under far more favorable
A Harvard professor says a little
flirting does boys and girls good. It
Is pretty well understood that in some
of the co-educational colleges , they go
him one better by making this the
leading course of study.
Joy rides are enjoyable If they como
unexpectedly or occasionally , but the
real zest of life however much we
may at times think differently Is
found in the conquest gained over the
hard places of ordinary every day ex-
There Is more truth than poetry in
the remark of an exchange : "You
can't expect your wife to bo an angel
and work like the devil all the time. "
"Airship destroyers' 'are now being
made. Their necessity Js not appar
ent. If let alone , will not airships de-
btroy themselves fast enough ?
A call has been mndo for the orga
nization of a free trade party. Some
people are always attracted by the
chance to get something for nothing ,
but it Is pretty safely established now
that the largo majority of the voters
of nil parties believe
not in robbery or
extortion , but In the reasonable protec
tion of American industries.
"He laughs best who laughs last. "
There Is a woman living in Kalamazoo
who thought she would play n Joke on
her husband. She wrote tolling him ,
Just to see what ho would do , that she
had secured n divorce. She was the
surprised ono when she learned that
within two days after ho received her
letter he had married another woman.
The rising tide In favor of n safe
and sane Fourth will not down. Eman
cipation from present day terrors of
Independence day Is coming , us free
dom from evil of any kind comes to
nn Intelligent and purpoRcful people ,
through an enlightened and persistent
agitation. As the Emporln Gazette
says , "It will take n long time to nbol >
| HI the Fourth of July nolso , but It will
bo eventually abolished , not by ordl-1
nnnco or Jail sentences , but by the1
oducntlon of the rising generation. "
The Island of Crete , encouraged by
the success of Bulgaria In obtaining
Independence. aspires to raise the ,
Greeg flag and become n part of
Greece. This IB a perfectly natural
and praiseworthy ambition , but the
Young Turks cannot afford to lose any
territory Just now. They can much
bettor afford to light , and ns the Turks
nro natural soldiers and the Greeks
are not , but nro shrewd traders and
financiers , there Is not much doubt ns
to the outcome.
The way/for men to escape baldness ,
says an authority , Is to carry their i
hats In their hands. This may be good
advice ns far as their hair Is concerned
but It would prove a serious handicap
In most lines of the world's work If
men had to carry their hats In their ,
hands and if the same rule wore ap
plied to women what could a woman | i
do with n present-day hat In her hand ? .
She Is nearly Incapacitated with the |
thing on her head.
Prof. Frederick Starr has shown
himself to bo nt least very severe and
unchlvnlrous to the gentler sex by pub
licly pronouncing them "barbarians
and savages. " The learned professor
must bo very closely related to nt
least one of those women whom he
designates by such uncomplimentary
terms. Perhaps he is right In pro
nouncing his mother n barbarian and
n savage. Certainly she failed to
make a gentleman of her son.
Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt and her
daughter are sensible women. When
approached by an Interviewer on her
recent departure for Europe , she said ,
"You know that I am never inter
viewed ; I leave all that to my hus
band. " Miss Ethel Roosevelt , being
asked to pose for a picture , sensibly
said , "Wo have been in the public eye
for the past seven years and have had
enough of it. Give somebody else n
Before starting a lawsuit , especially
when you are angry , It Is wise to know
that you have the facts behind you.
Two Chicago men carried their quar
reling so far that one of them finally
filed the information that his neighbor
was crazy. The court declared the
neighbor sane and he straightway re
covered $1,000 damages from his ac
cuser. Revenge may be sweet but it
Secretary Wilson expresses the be
lief that the high price of farm pro
duce is due to the scarcity of farm la
borers. Now if the thousands of
tramps who are begging for food could
be compelled to go to work on the
farms , It would rid the country of an
intolerable nuisance and at the same
time increase the world's food supply.
But they can't.
The man who is a slave to precedent
will never amount to very much. The
surest way to failure Is to try to copy
some one else no matter how greater
or successful that one may have been.
Success is original , it Is self expres
sion. All the great Inventors of the
world have been precedent breakers.
They have done what they were told
repeatedly It was impossible to do.
Alaska , bought for $7,200,000 , has
already yielded to the United States
total products valued at more than
$300,000,000and its resources have
been scarcely touched. William II.
Seward was called a fool when ho ne
gotiated the purchase , and yet his ul
timate claim to statesmanship will rest
more fully upon the acquisition of
Alaska than aught else ho ever ac
Senator Cummins of Iowa paid a
tribute to the work of Senator Burkett
the other day on the floor of the sen
ate when ho referred to Burkett's
amendment to reduce the tariff oh
barb wire. He said : "I know that
the senator from Nebraska ( Mr. Bur
kett ) has rendered to the farmers of
this country a conspicuous service ,
and ono which will bo appreciated by
them , in already securing the reduc
tion from about $50 n ton to $15 n
It Is Just ns possible to exterminate
the housefly as the mosquito , and in
this temperate climate It Is far more
dangerous as n disease carrier than
the mosquito Is. Every kind of garb
age and refuse which can bo removed
or burled should bo taken care of
promptly , and any place which might
servo ns a breeding place for Insects
should bo treated to a solution of
Paris green , copperas or chloride of
lime. By strictly observing these pre
cautions n community may practically
bo rid of files.
The Venetians nro greatly rejoiced
over the fine progress thnt is being
made in rebuilding the Campanile. If
it is completed ready for dedication
April 25 , 1911 , the date fixed for that
ceremony , It will only have been ab
sent from the Venetian sky line nine
sent from the Venetian sky line line
years. Nine years Is n short period In
the Ufa of n monument ten centuries
old which has been shattered by light
ning , many times rocked by earthquakes -
quakes and now rises again after complete
In Argentine Republic they built
1.000 miles of railroad lant year and
plan to build 3,000 this year. Those
people arc evidently going some and
will soon "go" more. Such facts make
you quite sure that this Is a big world
and that steadily as civilisation makes
headway the solitary places are being
made fjlad and that all parts of a com *
mon earthly heritage of the sons of
men arc coming Into their own. The
brothel hood of the race IH no longer
a dream. Necessity of life in n mod
ern sense compels It.
Illinois has taken nn advanced posi
tion In the suppression of the socnllcd
"white slave" trafllc. The bills passed
by the legislature have been signed by
Governor Denecn. The governors of
ninny other states have pledged them-i
'selves to urge similar legislation byj
their states at the next legislative ses-
slon. Not less than 15,000 girls nro
Imported annually , beside nn unknown
number of recruits from the towns and
villages of the United States. The ex
tent of this most horrible of all traf-
flcs Is not generally known to decent
people , but It Is tlmo It was exposed
In all Its hldeousness , for exposure
means death In this case.
The Inherent rights of the states of
the union and the need of maintaining
and emphasizing them have not re
cently been better stated tl fti by Sen
ator Root of New York , who said : "I
do not wish to place in the hands of
the United States the material for
usurping the functions of the states.
I cherish as firmly the sovereign pow
ers of states ns I do the sovereign pow
ers of the United States. This coun
try is too great , Its Interests too diver
sified , its people too numerous , to bo
ruled In all its local affairs from ono
central government at Washington. I
say this while I stand for the full extent -
tent and vigor of the central govern
That man Harrimnn is doing things.
We may not like his methods but we
cannot but marvel at his indomitable
persistency and tremendous achieve
ments. He has recently secured added
concessions from thu government of
Mexico. He now has l.COO miles of
railroad completed down the west
coast of Mexico and 'will now build
2,000 miles more. His lines there are
several of them converge at the City
of Mexico. He Is given a bonus of
$10,000 n mile by the government and
no other line can parallel his for fif
teen years. While he Is doing this ,
incidentally he is having the entire
right of way of the Union Pacific-
more than 2,000 miles parked like a
boulevard. It is to be one long grass
plot , with trees at intervals and oc
casional little forests where these are
needed as storm breaks.
Six directors of the American Sugar
Refining company , commonly known
as the sugar trust , have been indicted
by a federal grand Jury upon a charge
of conspiracy In restraint of trade.
The story of the conspiracy which
comes to light through the civil suit
brought against the sugar trust by
Adolph Segal , which was settled re
cently out of court by the payment of
$3,000,000 to Mr. Segal by the sugar
trust , is as follows : Mr. Segal , who
was building a sugar refinery In 190C ,
to compete with the American , was
induced to accept a loan , which It was
afterward found was furnished by the
sugar trust. Ono of the conditions of
the loan was that the man who advanc
ed the money should name the board of
directors , which he did. When the re
finery was ready for business the
board of directors wore found to bo
mere dummies , clerks In the employ of
the sugar trust. They refused to al
low the refinery to open. The con-
The sugar trust was in control of the
Segal refinery and refused to allow It
to compete. If this situation does not
furnish a good case under the Sher
man anti-trust act which a good law
yer ought to make a notable victory
for the government nnd bring severe
punishment for criminal methods of
choking off competition.
BRYAN TELLS TAFT HOW.
Though three times defeated for the
presidency , Mr. Bryan still believes
thnt ho Is the chosen ono to tell Pres
ident Taft how to run the government.
He wrote a letter Tuesday to tell the
nation's chief executive whathe ought
to do. In the letter ho assumed what
ho did not know thnt the president
Intends to sign the Income tax amend
ment bill. Probably the bill may be
signed but Mr. Bryan had no author
ity to base his positive assumption
Mr. Bryan is apparently still looking
for presidential honors. Ho would
like to indicate that he knows more
about running the white house than
the man who is In It. And , Incidental
ly , ho is looking for a paramount is
Mr. Bryan assumed a good deal , too ,
In pledging his support In swinging
the states Into line In ratification of
the amendment ho proposed. Just
what reason ho has to believe that ho
has more Influence with the several
states than President Tnft , Is not Indi
cated In his letter nor was It indicated
In the last election.
But the peerless leader got n good
deal of valuable newspaper space out
of thnt letter and that counts for n
lot when you'ro In the chautnuqun
The drouth Is broken again.
Sioux City has had flood troubles bo-
The old Bwlmmlng hole Is now in Its
Another way to got rnln : Leave
your hammock out all night.
From this distance tno income tax
looks fine. It won't affect many people -
' plo In Norfolk.
\YVro going to have a little base
ball , after all.
This Is hot enough to sunburn you ,
If you don't watch out nnd wear a
I Looks now ns If the Hadnr bank rob-
I , hers would get theirs , If they don't
break Jail ahead of time.
, If It were wicked to drink them , Ice
, tea and lemonade would bo the most
popular drinks In the world.
The Chicago golf player who won
$800 on one game , ought to be able
to pay for golf balls for at least a
One of the most exhlllratlng de
lights of golf Is to get down to the
eighth hole and then be caught In n
While the new wild west show Is or
ganizing here , Norfolk will be the
real , genuine old cowboy town , with
a bunch of cowgirls thrown In.
Norfolk girls should be particularly
congenial for the next two weeks.
Forty chorus girls are coming to
town to start out with Al Ritchie's
wild west show ; and they're apt to
With a wild west show organizing
for the next two weeks , horse i-aces
the first of August , a baseball tourna
ment for a week In the same month
and chautauqua on top of that , the
"dull" season in Norfolk promises to
be a live one.
The death of the Aurora man who
put up a fight against two hold-up
bandits and was shot five times , ought
to be another lesson to the man who
meets n thug In the dark. If a hold-up
man orders you to put up your hands ,
the wise thing to do is to put 'em up.
The robber picks his own ground and
has every advantage over his victim.
And the cheapest way out of it is to
allow him to go through your pockets.
Banks are coming more and more to
the same conclusion and It is rare
thnt a revolver Is found today in n
bank. Bank clerks are not paid to
risk their lives if they were , they'd
get bigger salaries. The wise policy
is to throw up your hands when a
hold-up man gets you cornered.
ATCHISON GLOBE SIGHTS.
Telling one lie to escape the consequences
quences of another Is about as effec
tive as committing suicide to escape
After a woman has been married a
few months , she goes around with a
look on her indicating that she smells
a dead rat.
People are always amused when an
old widower "goes with" an old maid ,
but a man wearing a wig attracts
It is well to remember that dis
agreement with your notions may not
constitute bad taste or bad Judgment
Nearly every man whistles for the
same reason thnt ho swears and
chews tobacco : learned It as a boy ,
and can't quit.
There is this about quarreling which
should discourage It : the disinterested
party who hears both sides Is reason
ably sure to decide that both are
Lysander John Appleton , who has
been married three times , and is again
n widower and taking notice , says ho
has quit marrying for love , nnd will
in future marry for money.
The man who has the reputation of
being a scrapper hasn't much of n
reputation after all. The man who
has the reputation of getting what ho
wants without scrapping for It , has
the scrapper bested a long ways.
This Is the time of the year when
every woman looks at the dandelion
blossoms In her yard , and recalls that
dandelion wine is said to be good , and
easy to make , but she has forgotten
the name of the woman who has the
OVER NORTHWESTERN PRAIKIEtf
Madison Chronicle : The oldest
daughter of Carl Relnecclus foil from
n cherry tree onto n picket fence yes
terday afternoon while picking cher
ries , and was rather severely Injured ,
a picket cutting through her clothing
and Into her back In the region of the
kidneys. Dr. Smart was called to attend -
tend to her injuries. It is too early to
Judge accurately as to the extent and
severity of her Injuries ,
On the Farm
IV. Oat Growing
By G. V. GREGORY ,
Author of "Homo Course In Modern
Copyrljht , 1909 , by American Fret *
to wheat , oats are the most
NEXT grown small grain
crop. It Is a crop that Is need
ed on every farm for feed , es
pecially for young stock and horses.
In the corn belt outs fill In n place in
the rotation that cannot well bo taken
by any other crop. The work of seedIng -
Ing nnd harvesting fits in well with the
work of growing n corn crop ; hcnco
oats are nnd probably always will bo
nn Important crop in the corn belt
In splto of these reasons for growing
oats they are not usually considered to
bo a profitable crop. The price Is less
than that of corn and thu yiuld usual *
FIO. VII OOOD AND 1'OOn STACKS.
ly considerably lower. Most farmers
raise onts more because they hove to
than because they think there Is any
money In It If handled rightly , however -
ever , oats can bo made n money crop.
One of the mo-st Important points in
ont growing Is the selection of seed
thnt is adapted to the locality. Outs
arc a cool weather crop. The hot
midsummer weather of the corn belt
Is ono of the chief factors causing low
oat yields. When the hot weather
strikes thi > oats they blight nnd rust
badly. Many times they crinkle down
and do not fill well.
Advantage of Early Varieties.
The only way this can bo avoided in
the corn belt is to sow early varieties.
These ripen before the hottest weather
comes nnd escape many of the trou
bles that affect later oats. Early va
rieties are much loss susceptible to
rust than late ones arc. The selection
of rust proof varieties Is the only way
of combating this disease , since , un-
llko smut , It cannot be prevented by
treating the seed.
Experiments at the Iowa experiment
station show nine bushels more to the
acre In favor of early varieties. The
average of twelve years experiments
nt the Nebraska station gave the early
oats fourteen bushels to the acre ad-
vuntngc. In good oat years that is ,
those with a cool summer the differ
ence Is not so marked. In such sea-
sous the late oats yielded seven bush
els to the acre less than the early ,
while the medium oats yielded a little
more. In bad oat years and in the
corn bolt four years out of five nro bad
from the oats standpoint the early va
rieties yielded twenty-one bushels to
the acre more than the Into and thir
teen bushels more than the medium.
Tin- medium varieties arc more con
venient , us they do not crowd In on
buying and corn plowing like the curly
ones do. The use of Improved haying
machinery IB shortening the time re
quired for putting up the hay crop ,
however. The advantage of early oats
In yield will in most cases more than
make up for the disadvantage of hav
ing the work crowded during the first
half of July.
Early oats have another advantage
In that they give the clover a bet
ter chance. Where the oats arc not
got off the , ground until the last of
.luly and dry weather follows , _ na it
so often does , the clover makes little
growth nnd Is often killed out entire
ly. With the adoption of n systematic
rotation clover will nearly always be
seeded with outs. HO that this is a point
that cannot bo Ignored.
It Is not advisable to ship In oats
from n distance to seed the entire
field. Often you can got good early
scud from a neighbor at , little more
than market price. If Jto > re are no
early onts In your community you con
send away for a few bushels of a new
variety and plant them in a corner of
the field by themselves. If they give
good satisfaction enough seed can bo
saved from them to seed the entire
field the next season. In the northern
part of the United States and In Can
ada , where the summers are cool. Into
varieties can bo profitably grown. In
such localities they give a greater
yield aud a larger , plumper oat
Preparing the Seed.
After the seed has bcon.procured the
next step Is to get It Into shape to
sow. This means n liberal use of the
fanning mill. A largo per cent of the
onts sown nro shoveled from the bin
directly Into the seeder. Most farm-
era who do fan their oats simply run
them through once to blow out the
sticks and dirt and sieve out the weed
need. It pays well * o run the oats
through the mill two or three times
to blow out all the Hit | seed. The
work can "be done in winter when
there is Httlo clso to do. The light
onts that arc blown out are just aa
good for feed as the others , and the
heavy ones that are left arc worth eev-
era ! times ns much for seed. In ex
periments carried on to show tbo com
parative value of light and heavy oats
the light seed yielded forty-seven bush-
eta to mo acre , rtio medium liny-four
and the heavy sixty-two. The differ
ence may not bo this great every time ,
but it will always bo great enough to
pay well for the labor of fanning.
There is nn objection to using the
ucavy oata for need In that thav
to become a Httlo later cnch year. Thti
can be avoided by Introducing notna
new seed of nn early variety pvcry
few yearn. Directions for breeding
need onts r lll bo given In article 7.
After the oats are cleaned and grad
ed they should be treated for smut
Smut Is n black fungus thnt growa
from a tiny nporo that lodges beneath
the hull when the ont Is In bloom and
the kernel open. When the hull closed
the uponIH held liiHldo until the next
Rcimoti , when It sprouts and sends a
thread tip through the stem to the
head. There the smut grown , produc
ing a black IIIUHH where the head
should he. Often as many na 15 per
cent of the heads will be affected In
this way. Them * black hendH nro not
easily noticed , HO thnt the dnmago is
The simplest method of treiHnient is
to Hpreud the oats out on n tight tloor
and sprinkle them with n Holultnn of
one pound of formalin to forty gallons
of water. This amount IH mtillclent
for forty bushels of oats. Shovel the
oats over two or three times until they
are thoroughly wet. and then pile thoui
up nnd cover them with bhinkutH or
sacks The fumes from the formalin
will penetrate beneath the hull and
kill the Kiimt spores. In the morning
the oatH should be Hprcnd out again
and shoveled over occasionally until
dry. They can be sowed wet , but In
that case the seeder should bo set to
sow about a luuihel to the acre more ,
as they do not run through as readily.
This work should be done on n warm
day , us freezing while the oats are wet
will Injure the germination. This treat
ment costH only about a cent n bushel
nnd Is very effective.
Preparing the Seed Bed.
One of the most neglected points in
oat culture Is the preparation of the
seed bed Oats do better on a rather
firm seed bed. If the field was In corn
the year previous It will not IMS neces
sary to plow unless the ground IH very
hard , It should bo disked thoroughly ,
however , to cut up the stalks and pul
verize the upper two or three Inches.
It will usually be profitable to let the
disk "hip half , " as this docs away
with rldgcR nnd leaves the land lu
better shape. One burrowing after the
disking leaves the ground in splendid
shape to receive the seed.
Methods of Seeding.
There are several methods of seedIng -
Ing , of which tbo end gate seeder Id
the worst and the disk drill the best
The two main objects In seeding are
to pet the seed In evenly and nt ap
proximately the same depth. The end
gate seeder fulfills neither of these re
quirements. The broadcast seeder scat
ters the seed evenly , but It Is covered
no better than with the end gate seed
er since both depend upon the disk for
covering. The disk drill Is more ex
pensive nnd does not get over tha
ground as rapidly , but It distributes
the seed evenly and puts It at the
same depth. The seed Is dropped In
furrows mndo by the disks and thor \
oughly covered , so that one harrowing
Is all that Is necessary tftcr drilling.
Experiments show a considerable ad
vantage In yield In favor of the disk
At the Iowa station the average of
four years' experiments showed nine
bushels to the acre In favor of drilling
over broadcasting. From half n bush
el to u bushel less seed to the acre la
required when a drill Is used , as all
VIO. VIII HAVE OIIAIH VTKlili SHOCKED.
the seed Is put where It can grow to
the best advantage. Clover has a bet
ter chance In drilled grain. The drill
should be run north nnd south , so that
the sun can shine In between the rows
on the Httlo clover plants.
Harvesting the Crop ,
Preparation for harvest should bo
made by having the binder In perfect
running order beforehand. If oats are
not cut as soon as ripe they will al
most surely go down nnd be lost.
Great care should be taken In shocking
to sec that the bundles stand up firm
ly. If the straw Is not too green the
shocks should be capped , us a capped
shock will shed rain better. A shock
that stands up straight and Is well
capped will shed a great deal of rain
without wetting In much. It Is much
better to stack than to thrash out of
the shock. The outs will sweat some
where , nnd they will be of better qual
ity If they do It In the stack Instead
of In the bin. It has been proved many
times over that theru is nothing to be
gained by thrashing onts from the
shock. Onts thnt hnve been pertnltted
to go through the sweating process in
a well protected stack are always of
better quality than those which have
been hurried Into the thrnf her.
Would i . - ?
It harflly seems probable thnt n man
should suffer from corns on n wooden
leg , but If the leg la made of oak
would It not be natural that theru
should bo ncorn on It ? London Punch.
A Dear Victory , .
"In your llttlo family arguments do
you ever succeed In convincing your
wlfo thnt she Is wronjc ? "
"Yes , but afterward I always deeply
regret having done so. "
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