The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19??, July 09, 1909, Page 4, Image 4

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IM Nwfilfc WMkiy Nm-Jwnaf
fiTo 17o"w7 E '
_ _ _ The Jonrnni' , Butnbiishcrf 1877 ,
THE H tJ uK8H r2 _
" "
rV , fTlfimX N A.
Prpsldrtnt '
Friday. y mnll per yoai1 , fl'.6Q ,
Kntorml nt the pontonicr * nt Norfolk ,
Neb. , ft * Hoftond flnBrt mnUor.
TifoplTorRiHr ? "TftntorTril r/bpiiftin olrf
Mft , 22 , HuslnOiiH OflW nml Job Kooimt
Ki > . ft 22 ,
Ono of the nttrnoilvo fontiiro * about
n Income tax I * thnt It will nffoct
of tin.
Fatten IH no Infant Industry. Ho
Jin * mndn hnlf n million In cotton with
out ( ho nsrtlsfnnro or protection of lhr >
( nrlff ,
ffnrrlmnn liable * from Vfonnn thnt
1m IH still vary much mor nllvo fhnn
# omo of IhOHo yho nro trying to kill
Mm off.
An llnlfnn provbrh snys the- world In
like n slnlrwny. * Homo RO up nrid some
fnttvn \ , whllo others Jimt sfnnd On
thesfnlrrt nnd block the wny.
The people of Tncomn nro not sayIng -
Ing a worit nbrnit the Sonttlo oxposl-
tlon. Homo poopio nro sentcd too
r < 6 < j to 'the- orchestra to on/oy / Its
music ,
f.6ob has declared war on
HIJ ( Corn n la smugRlor nnd no matter
fiow rkth nnd hnndsomo she rnny ho ,
h < i will bo nonrchod If condition ) ) nro
ChfuifiCoy Dopow says maa/ men
Rftln n llhornl education by rending
whllo waiting for tholr wives , Olnd
they hnvo fltinwo enough to uno tholr
time no wlnoly ,
Talking nhOtit the "Light of Asia"
ftloctrldfy In filling 'tho bill , , fornsn
lorn IH 'about to bo equipped with doe-
< rlo lights nnd Diunnsciin linn nn oloc-
trio rnllwny ,
The I'onnsylvnnln ' rnllrOnd hns re
cently thrown old wornout onKlnon
mid f Might ourH which coot $17.000,000
into the junk hbap , Thnt 10 n scrap
Iron pll6 worth hnvlng <
tlormfiiin linvo jitnl ( mtontod n
llnht mild ( o bo of 100,000,000
cnndlo power , enjmblo of revealing n
torpedo hOnt on n clear night ut n din-
i of iiitiro than novoti mllon ,
' pk'lUros ' 'Tho '
Ono Of ItotnbriuitU'M ' ,
nolil In London I bo other tiny
for half u million dollars , It In nome
comfort to know thai If a man In long
onoiiKh iloiul bin work will bo appro-
dated ,
Minn Ijiitmt Drlnkwlno ut Now Ha
ton , ( Jonn , , wan rucuntly united In
iimrrliuu' ' with Mr , Loulu OlinmpiiRiio ,
Tlila In an ltintiuti'0 of mixed drlnkn
whloii mlfcllt easily reiuilt In tholr final
The Aineiloan iiutunr.liio Htaten thai
men me not Itttetenlot ! In ( ho church
"lipt'iuiHU wo ilovor aak tliout to do any-
iltttiK benilo. " ThlliU of this , after the
rhurelwoer ban llntetled to what the
dutli- did to Uie lUitboiul
tlVeit big tttlltu bavu tholitroublcB. .
Whllo Uhi'lo Sum In trying hard to do
rtdo what t'OimlltUtonvlilskj' , the deep
\\t\\w \ rollKloUH douomltiatlou IB ua u
o nttlvo tint ii\iOHlloti \ "What IH a Hup
tt la n pitmtn UITOHHO now In many
of Iho bis vllU U > IniiO "joy rldos" In
ttthor ptHtplo'n iniiomobtluH , About tlu
only Ihhiua loft for oidlnuiy .
Inlio tiuw wllbolil HoiUoliody'rt
h hm ahtnit U itto uinblollim nud
And tunv an Ihhtniatloual talhvay
ftoln IU ) lou \o \ tUUMuin Aynm In tihv
JocitMl and uulmt to bo bttlll , BoUt
A > i lli'a oiToi-H ti nfoivt Hold for th
In uwthlng Hko thw power of
n dh'adfwl oxnttu O. the fovtliotaul
( nh hnrt tliouanud wlvos , 1'ho
out M\\n\\ \ \ ( \ \ bus imly two. Ho la ml
ttouUy ilcnh-uuH ut llvlug u
Ji'l\o ' \ Booloty of Ntvvnl Avcnltocts
ftwo to tulmlt Kofth ns n honorary
\u uUor ) of lh h" crntt , Yet not one
of thMr n\u \ uer could ovuivomo the
obotrtolcR which oUN'onh \ hmto \ con
tomtUh. .
\ \ \ n\lto \ of tAtllt roatflcthins th
of the United Btntosvlth Cnn
constnn\ty \ Rmwlug. In lfi
4 lun- cent of the lolift lm\mvtntlon \ o
Onnndft ci\\no \ from the United Btntes
In 1909 the ahowlng wns 60 \ > or ctsnt
jwMvlent of n Vhssnr
B * RA\t > them some tulvlco whloh
most of th nvlU ho willing to follow ,
If they Are nil tttloxwd to Interpret th
\n r \ "heln" In UnSlr own Nvny. 8h > ,
advises Thrift to strlvo to bo "helpers
Vtf ton. \ . "
1'ho Mfo ntuBivno trth \ of Jo
i\lU anivly cowo. It U YetA\y \ dawning
on the mlmof \ th * Aworlcnn th
ihero ni-o other WRi-a of bolng prttrlotl
on IndetienAenco liny
besldo Kilting i
\\-oumJlng thons
nr'a llvlnff In on "orn of
b t n V < jf were the p ojo. !
Intolllgontly dlnctiaslrtK flffnlrrf
rtd wftti blnj ; the nlgnn of ( bo tlm n ,
They nro not npnthotlc Implx frt it
> rown xtddy. Polltlclnn nro mnklng
i note of
ft In Mny to get rid of n mirplux
If you nro rcnlly d f < * rmlnod tor do t ,
RXoll Hugo Mpent moro than fifty
Vn In flcoiimulittlng | C ( ,000,000 nnd
MM , ' BnK hart dlflburned | 2S,000rtOO
f It In lean than thrco yearn for
ihnrltnblo and phllnnthroplo purponex.
.fnme J. Hill nrgen the Amorlcnn
'nrmorn t6 rnlno the lnrgent ponnlhlo
! rep of wheat for the next few yourn ,
is ho bolloven the price of thnt atnplo
nuro (6 ( romnln high for flomo ynnrn
como. This Is good nown for the
Wmor but n blue outlook for the con-
Dr. Rlfot'fl five-foot shelf of books
which would give nny mnn n liberal
education Is calling forth many com-
rnonfs. Ono Is that any man who
contd master the ordinary college
course In four yonrs might bo nblo to
assimilate Dr. Eliot's library In four
centuries ,
England rocorilly ( told thfrty-ono
rrtOdorn wnr hlp that had not boon
[ ri cornmlflnlon n pront ninny yonrn for
lonn tlinri fi per cent of what It coat to
build thorn , So great hnn boon the
grc H In nblp building during the
[ mat core of years thnt they wore nl-
rondy out of dato.
Enropo In mightily ntlrrcd up from
contfr to C'lrcimiforonco ' , Aggroonlonn ,
ronrrnngomont nnd Intrlgtiefl nro tbo
urdor of tbo day , If tbo bnlnrico of
jiowor In reatorod nnd International
harmony regained without the un-
npcaknblo cnlnmlty of wnr , the wbolo
world rnny bo tbnnkful.
The toatlmony extorted from wit-
'BHon under the "grllllriK" procoan ,
whlob wnn roaorted to In Now York
city , Intcily , mny bo all the truth rind
I may not. No ono known what per-
aonn under torture may admit , H wnn
extrndegnl , oxtrn-jtidk'lnl ' , nnd altogether -
gether outaldo fbo llmltn of civilized
taage ,
Senator Uacon of Ooorgln clnlrnn to
Ito oppoHed to the protective tariff ,
whllo Aldrlch of Ithodo Inland In con-
nldorcd to bo Un chief apostle , Yet
Uncoil wnntn n duly of < i centn n
placed on nca Inland cotton ,
which Aldrlch opposes nn being alto-
ether too high , Thin tariff mixup
funnier nnd ftmnlor.
Silffragetton claim that women , after
all , are moie unlVornal In tholr otlt <
oolt and aptltudcn than more man.
Thin In HIOWII ) In this ! When a man
n left a widower with nix or eight
children ho ncattoin them among bin
relatlvon. When it woman In loft n
widow with nk or eight children nho
Iceepn them together and makes n liv
ing for them besides.
The tiappor who panned hint winter
In a lomoto pait of northwontcin
Canada and In now telling of a period
of llfty days when tbo thermometer
never Indicated lenn than 118 dogieen
tielow 7eio , In not In tbo employ of
tbo Canadian land companies who are
trying to attract well-to-do American
farmern to the northwest by pictur
ing It an only a trillo removed fiom
the banana bolt and i cully a very
rmlilbrlutin ullmato.
The temperance work never made
any nr mt nrogronn or gained pro
nounced slujiuUh until business men
took It IIP In the form of eolf protoc
tlon amihmt the Intonuteranca of om
ployt > 8 which deprived them of the full
value of tholr Borvlecs. Thin hoann
with the rallroadnt who traced wreckn to
the Intoxication of their trainmen.
Thin name theory han boon noted upon
by other great employers of labor , nn-
til today tlto bnslncaa men nnd corpo-
ratlonn which form the BlrongoBt force
against the Hmior tradlc.
Senator Tlllman aaya thnt'tho news
papers of the country nro "humbugs.1
Bliuxe the drubbing ho got nt the hands
of the present elephant hunter In the
Jungles of Africa , the south Carolina
senator ban not been In n happy frame
of mind. The newspapers , fully re
elprocatlng his opinions In regard to
"hnmhngs , " nro not giving him much
attention. A man who hits built up his
reputation nnd notoriety by promulgat
Ing the gospel of hnto between the
hvcen must not expect enduring regard
nn enlightened people.
The whlto house Is to ho enlarged
to Moot thi * demands of the growing
soclnl nnd huidness Interests of the
nation's chief executive. The pinna
cnll for R largo oval room for the pres
ident overlooking the ! \ > tomne , flnnkett
on the right by his secretary's offleo
nnd on the left by n new cabinet room
An enlarged \vnlUnK room for tha nub
lie nnd n sneolMvaltlng room for
\coftKTVs wltt occ\ii > y A
of thv BtmiSnc tctIn the
ImlUllng. The now \\-lng will
y the Ri\nn l usotby \
Roosevelt for n tennis court
Klght months After Abandoning the
comic enpnlements In rxjcogmltlon of
Eentlment Against them , the
Rrtnton Herald tnyn It hnx found no
difficulty In getting sntlsfnctory "subv
MtitutOM for tbo colored romlco and
the approval from the bomrin Into
which the Sunday Herald ontont hnn
been tbo rnoit convincing ovldonco
thnt n comic supplement In not oH eni
tint , oven totha children. It Is nn
rinfortunntrt entlmnto of the American'
people thnt nssumcs thnt the groMgoj'
nrtd lower IH the mont populnr. The
domnnd for the rudely comic ban been
ovorentlmnt d ,
A writer In n medlcrtl journal clnlmn
thnt It Is n very dnngoroun thing to
clcnn house. Ho Inslntn Hint gormn
thnt nro arou ed nnd Irrlwted by bol
Ing dlnlodged from nndor carpets nnd
othrir cozy rotrenla are much moro fa-
rocloiin than the io quietly sleeping In
aomo snug corner. So thl great
man's theory would evidently bo. "If
you cnn't keep your hoimo clean day
by dny , lot It stay dirty. " It Is pain
ful to follow this theory up , thirty or
forty years , yet , Judging from the nt-J
tltiido taken by mnny mon when thofr
wives bogln the spring house cleaning
nphenvnl they would bo devoted to
disciples of this Idon of the dnngora of
lOuse clonnlng ,
Sonntor Nolnon or MInnosotn has
complied with characteristic thorough
ness ft nummary of our mont Important
nnd Inwn nnd In publishing thorn nn n
sonnto doetlrnont comment on the
ironn nbnaos of these Inwn. In con-
hiding these commontn ho says : "In
'low ' of the rnpld Increase of our popu-
ntlon nnd the rapidly diminishing
aron of our public lands , no ngrlcul-
u ml land should bo disposed except
iridor the homestead Inw without the
commutation privilege ) none of our
'orost ' Ifindn should bo disposed of , but
only the largo nrid rnntdro timber nnd
'itir nrid Inrids nhould bo dlsposorl of
or ngrlculturnl purposes to actual Rol
lers under the reclnmntlon Inw. "
Those wlno suggestions como nt n very
nto dnto , but porhnps It Is bettor Into
hnn never *
Germany nnd Engjnnd continue to
row ! nt ono another nnd look ugly
uid rncnntlmo tbo American nownpn-
porn nro preparing to trot out thnt
European wnr cloud Just nn soon ns
hey got rid of congress nnd several
nnlncloun divorce suits nnd brutal mur
ders , now occupying their front pngos ,
\ common wnr cloud only does duty In
tha absence of these stirring , blood
curdling , plenslng , domestic Infelici
ties nmong the people who have more
noney than they know what to do
with , ' 'What fools wo mortals bo" to
upend so much time on moro money
Imgs. It Is a pity that they bavo not
something worth whllo to keep thorn
busy and It In more n pity that the
loiiOBt , BlriiKgllng , every dny folks
spend so much tlmo In reading about
their miserable vanities nnd vices ,
Uonttin hnn a floating hospital , the
inly Institution of Itn kind In tbo
world , for cnrlng for poor nick cbll-
ilicn. It began Us work In a small
way III 1804 In an attempt to make the
nummor moro comfortable for tbo lit
tle children , The work linn grown
until In 1000 n now boat wan secured.
It In a steel'hulled steamer , 171 foot
over nll ( ' 14-foot beam and four-decked !
Ono hundred and llfty patients can
ho accommodated amidships In the
open air , No provision In lacking for
tholr eomfoit , In 1898 , out'of fi.OOl )
to whom Homo cnro wan glvon * al
though not nil could bo taken aboard ,
for any length of time , only thirty-
nine tiled. Such phllauthroplBtn an
Hov , Hufun U. Toboy , Dr. lOdward
Everett Hale , and many others of
their class were founders of thin
charity which has saved no many
children's liven.
Secretary ICnox and the present ad
ministration have made n strong for
ward movement extending American
lulluonco In China , U has been real
Izcd for nome tlmo among diplomatic
circles that wbat was necessary to
strengthen American Inlluenco , both
commercial and political , In China wan
to have American capital Invested
there , if America were equally Inter
ested with England , Franco nnd Ger
many , China would have ono creditor |
who could not be accused of ulterior
motives. Tbo proctocol has been signed
nnd sanctioned which gives American
capitalists n chance to subscribe to n
loan of f27ROO,000 , for the Szechnon
Vnllwny , nnd the capital Is ready to In
vest. This will doubtless prove but
the beginning. America Justly demands
mands nn opportunity to share with
other great nations the privilege of
contributing both money And Inllu
once In building up the new Chinese
A principle , R system of government
n dynnsty , Is never In greater danger
thAn when All open opposition to It
seems to have dlsnpponrod. ThAt Is
the i > tt s before the storm. ThAt Is
the moment when excessive confi
dence , begetting Abuses , begins to
xvork tin own destruction.Ve hAve
thjm nott'e
of good feeling In this country
orvch WAS the prohido to An out
of purty strife \inproeodentcd In
bitterness. Look All history through
And yon \vlll find this wlo repenting
itself , becnuso it is A rnlo based upon
th fActs of human nnturo itself.
In the debutes In the senAte one
mny hoar drtlly thnt tbo people of the
whole country hnvo declared virtually
Irt i favor of the protective syatom. so
thnt It mny now ho considered not the
policy i of nny party but of the nation.
The votes look llko It. There IB no
! longer i nny political pnrty arrnyed
ngnlnnt protection In Itself. Demo
crntrt nnd progroaslvo republicans sup'
port j certain Items In the now bill nnd
oppose other * with such n reasonable
cortnlnty thnt they will not bo called
| to ( account , ( t would not bo ensy to
nnmo n slnglo mnn In either house of
congresn who will vote ngnlnst thebtll
on the avowed ground thnt ho IB hos
tile l to the whole protective scheme. It
looks ' ns If opposition to tbo system
. hnd , Indeed , disappeared.
( This , following whnt wan snld nt
the l outset , mnrku the greatest dnngor
with which protection has been threat
ened slneo the wnr. For It Is n cover
under which nil the selfish Interests ,
nil the grnftfng politicians , nil the cor-
[ ruptlon of the country IB advancing.
, Ono hns but to look nt the proposed
tariff bill , to scan Its schedules to see
thnt the nbsonco of effective opposition
Is mnklng them Intolernblo. And even
rnon whoso opposition might be re-
spectnblo nnd respected , mnko them-
solvoB ridiculous nnd give tholr own
Interests away by standing for some
silly tnrlff on agricultural products ,
that profit the people nothing but
take nwny from tholr representatives
nny right of effective protest. The ef
fect of nil this can bo nothing short of
nn outburst of hostility to the protec
tive system Itself , nnd this the coun
try Is about to see.
Locally nnd from every corner of
the country wo nro hearing this week
nttncks upon the theoretlcnl school
nystornn which prepnro students only
to bo scholars or presidents and leave
untouched that practical training
which the vast majority of young men
need Indtifttrfnl or cornmerclnl train
ing which will fit them to do renl
things nnd earn real livings when they
got out of school.
There Is lee much of n tendency to
fit young mon for college nnd not
enough attention paid to the young
man who expects to go into business
or into practical farming.
For generations , as one educator at
Denver pointed out yesterday , the
business man ban supported the
schools of tbo country nnd yet the
schools have never given nny partic
ular attontlon to tbo business man's
future. 'The study ban too often been
along the lines of Greek and Latin nnd
not often enough nlong tbo lines of the
work which the student , leaving
school , will bo required lo do.
It Is coming more Important that
n young man should determine whnt
Industry or profession ho oxpoctn to
follow , and then concentrate his
school preparation nlong that lino. To
spend tlmo up until the ago of 2f >
studying general Ihlngn , before even
determining whnt pursuit In 'to bo '
chosen , handicaps n young man In
getting Into the work of bin life.
Ileforo 30 n man should bo well os
tnbllsbed in bis nlcho before RO many
mon have done Iholr groalest works.
Too many high school nnd college
students are turned out with n smat
torlng of French and Latin and general
oral scholastic studios , but absolutely
helpless either with band or brain
when it comes to effectively doing
anything of Importance In the way of
Ono educator at Denver mndo n
plea for i\ great university of commerce
morco a great school which should
teach how to carry on various lines
of business with the grontent ofllclon
cy and tbo least waste of onorgy.
Tbo profession of business Is not to
bo sneezed at , Industrial preparation
might , with advantage be substituted
for many of the socallcd higher stu
dies which , commendable as they are
lack practical value for practical
young mon whoso tlmo for education
Is limited.
It Is the special training to do n
special thing , whether that thing be to
run n locomotive or preside ever the
destinies of the nation ns chief exec
, that Is coming to bo needed
moro and moro.
Not many young men graduate from
the high schools not so many ns would
if the training were moro practical
nnd fewer still go to college , as point
cd out by Superintendent Hunter in
his animal report.
Thnt education Is most needed for
young men today which will put each
young man "onto bis Job" whatever
that Job may be.
Ex-Mayor Frank Brown of Lincoln
ns n democratic candidate for govern
or next year looks bettor to the Fre
mont Herald ( dem. ) than either Mayor
Dahlman or Governor ShallcnbcrKcr ,
The Herald insinuates that tha govern i-
or has n dented hAlo.
Madison Chronicle. Under the head
of political announcements Trill be
found the card of Burr Taft , xvho is
seeking a ronomlimtlon for tha office
of county commissioner from the Sec >
end district. No ono living outside the
Second district has a veto in nominat t-
ing the candidate , hut ho is elected by
the vote of the entire county. We are
anxious to see the republicans as vrel ll
AS the democrats of the Second district
nominate a good man for commission
er this year. This office Is becoming
more Important from year to year as
county grows In population nnd
wealth. Mr. Taft wna first elected to
flll the vncnncy cnus d by the reslgna-
Ion ot Commissioner Smith and was
nt r elected for a full term , which
will clota with the present year. We
all know whnt his record ban been
during the time that ho has served.
t is not n matter of speculation but of
history. Has the record which Mr.
Taft has made been satisfactory ? It
seems to bo generally recognized thnt
he has been the moat conservative
member of the board , nlwnys looking
after the Interest * of the taxpayers ,
but not to the extent of retarding the
movement for better bridges and bet-
er roads. We have naught to say
against any other candidate , democrat
or republican , but wo firmly believe
hat It will be good business policy
for the , Second district to nominate
Afr , Taft for another term.
How largo Is jour ; head today ?
Clear the track for tha clearance
sales ,
Now for Thanksgiving and Christ
The corn was knee high by the
Fourth and then some.
rV girl's ankle that tapers down like
n golf stick Is Just about right.
There are plenty of tall weeds
around town that ought to be cut.
Don't force the city to cut your weeds.
There's a temptation to stick your
fingers Just as close to the fly wheel
of an electric fan an possible , without
letting them cut off.
Albion News : Mrs. Morris Mayer
arrived home Tuesdny afternoon from
Norfolk , where she visited friends over
Plnlnvlew Republlcnn : Rev. W. M.
Adnrns nnd wife , the district elder of
the Norfolk nnd Dutto districts , were
the guests of Rev. and Mrs. Drown
Monday night.
Brunswick Independent : At the an
nual school meeting Monday nfternoon
It wns decided to build n now brick
school building , such building not to
exceed $9,000. A nine months' school
wns voted for tbo coming term.
Albion News ; County Treasurer
Funru Informed the News reporter this
week that the county debt now
amounts to $10,000 , that being on the
court bouse. Boone county boasts of
ono of tbo finest court bouses nnd
grounds In tbo stnto. This building
wns erected nt n cost of nbout $36,000 ,
much less than such n structure would
cost now. ,
The people who cnn't sing , should
really be moro modest.
Every man occasionally wishes thnt
ho could attract nn much attention us
I n Ilro.
A girl visitor never has bettor
clothes at homo than those she has
with her.
I'coplo worry moro ever n mnn who
makes money too fast than ever ono
who spends It too fast.
A mnn Is hopelessly sick when bo
becomes too weak to fuss when n now
experiment In trlod on him.
People hnvo so many faults , and suf
fer BO many humiliations , that wo
womlor nnyoivo la conceited.
At leant this much can bo snld for
tbo women : They do not claim thnt
this season's ' bats are beautiful ; only
stylish , which happens to bo moro 1m
portant from tbo fomlnino vlow.
Children llko to bavo things given
thorn , but , nftor they grow up , they
discover that It Is cheaper to buy
what they want. If you are given nn
nrtlclo worth a dollar , the man who
gives it to you expects something In
return worth n dollar nnd a half , nt
least , nnd talks about you If ho doesn't
get It.
About Norfolk.
Tilden Citizen : Fourth of July col
ebrntlons In this part of tbo stnto
seem to bo neglected this year. Nor
folk is the only town contiguous to
Tilden that has made any preparation
for public entertainment on an ex
tensive scale.
Madison Chronicle : The Madison
band has been hired by the Commer
cial club to accompany the Madison
delegation to Norfolk , whore It will
assist in discoursing music during the
day. It is conservatively estimated
that nt least 500 people from this city
will celebrate in Norfolk on July 3.
Wlnsido Tribune : Many Winstdo
people will go to Norfolk on Saturday ,
July S , to attend that city's big cele
bration. There Is no doubt but what
they are preparing to give all visitors
ithe time of their life. If a return train
could be secured in the evening to run
back .AS far as Wayne , it would add
greatly to the crowd.
Niobrara Tribune : The people of
Norfolk hare raited $16,000 of the J25.-
000 which it would take to build a fine
Y. M. C. A. building. It has got to
tthe point where it is up to the Norfolk
people to raise $9,000 more or drop the
project. Undoubtedly Norfolk will not.
let such an opportunity go by. as theji
Y. M. C. A. building would be another
step in the growth of a bigger and
better Norfolk ,
] Making Money
, On the Farm
HI. Corn Culture
Author of "Home Course In Modern
. Aarfculture"
1909. by American fnn
A oc ! lon !
to raise a largo
PREPARATION begin In the
fall of the previous year. PlowIng -
Ing for the crop should by all
i means be done the fall before If possi
ble. I Weed seeds will sprout nnd b
killed 1l 1 by frost. Insects that are hiber
nating l In the ground will meet the
same fate. Frost Is one of the farm
er's best , friends in many ways. The
effect of freezing on the exposed plowIng -
Ing Is to crumble it more thoroughly
than could be done by half a dozen
dlstclngn. If the land la clover sod. aa
, ,
It should be if the highest ytctd U to
bo expected , the freezing will break up
the sod better than can be done In any
other way. In some cases , however ,
where there la considerable late fall
growth that la available for fall nnd
winter pasture , It Is better to let the
plowing go until spring , even If It does
make a little more work getting It In
Gathering Seed Corn.
Even more Important than fall plow
ing Is the selection of seed corn early
in the fall and storing it carefully for
the winter. The plan of going through
the field early nnd picking the seed In
n sack Is sometimes advocated , but on
most farms this is too much of an un
dertaking. A better way Is to go out
and husk a load as soon as it Is falrlj
well rlponrd and before any very bard
frosts come. If this IB picked from the
best part of the fleld there ought to be
a feast three or four bushels of good
seed cars in It These cnn be sorted
out nnd the remainder spread over the
bottom of the crib or fed to the hogs.
Ilnlf n dozen such loads will usually
furnish all the seed needed. It Is a
good plan to save about twice as .much
seed as will be required. BO that selec
tion can be moro rigid in the spring.
If there arc no very severe freezes
before husking begins In earnest some
more seed com can bo saved by put
ling n box on the side of the wagon. In
which the best ears may be thrown. A
better qUallty of seed may bo obtained
in this way because of a wider range
of selection. It Is not safe to depend
on It entirely , however , because a bard
freeze when the corn Is full of moisture
npy kill the germs and make it worth
less for seed. The first thing to do
with newly gathered seed is to bang
it up where It can dry out quickly ,
An open shed Is the best place for
this , as the air can circulate readily ,
while the roof keeps off the frost A
good way to bang the corn la to tie
a number of cars on a long binding
twine. A'fter the corn Is well dried
out and before extremely cold weather
comes It should be put in the storage
room. The attic Is n good place , pro
vided there is some provision for ven
Illation. If the corn Is dry Borne freez
ing will not hurt It , but cold and
moisture together are very injurious.
Selecting and Testing.
Along In February the corn should be
sorted , picking out only these care of
fnlr size , well ailed at the butts and
tips and symmetrically shaped through
out Further Instructions for selecting
corn will bo given In article 0. After
the corn Is sorted a few cnra should
bo taken from a number of cars in dif
ferent parts of the seed room and test
ed. A fold of moist flannel between
two dinner plntes makes a good tester.
Put the corn between the layers of
cloth and sot It In some out of the
way place In the living room. In three
or four dnys It will be ready to exam-
tno. If all the kernels show strong
sprouts try a second teat. If this gives
the same result the vitality of the serf
may be taken for granted. U Bataa of
the kernels fail to germinate a&i tb-
era hare weak sprouts tbe Individual
ar test should be used.
For this select a box of any coa-
renicnt size and put Into tt three or
four Inches of moist sand or sawdust
On this place a strip of muslin which
baa been marked Into Inch squares.
Lay down aa many ean In a row on
the floor aa there are square * In the
box. Take four to six kernels from
eacb car , selecting them from different
parts , and place them la a square cor
responding to the number of Uxa ear
from which they canab. Cover t&e
kernels with three orrosr layers of
moist cloth and with some more of
the sawdust or eaod a&d set away u
before , TVbea the kernels gerrataata
you bare a complete record of the vi
tality of each ear. Those in which
one or more of the kernels failed to
germinate should be discarded. Those
that ahow weak cermlnatloa shook ! b * j
put in a pile by ( hcmnelro * . If1 there
U enough seed without them ) they
( bnuld not he uned at' all. tf tbt-ra
la not enough of the strong w > d the
other will have to be uwd. By put
ting tt on the warmest , driest ell It
will make n fairly good growth.
Qridlng the Sa d.
After tbe.ctirn hnM been tested It
should be run through n seed corn
grader. This will remove the Irregular
butt and tip kernaln and dlvlda tha
rest Into several grades , according to
sizu. If the corn la well graded In this
way an edso drop planter will glvo the
beat result * . For kurneln of different
sizes , however , the full hill drop la
preferable. The calibration of the
planter la an Important point If an
even stand la to be secured. By blockIng -
Ing up the planter so thnt the wheels
are clear of the ground and running
through a pailful ar so of each grade
of corn plates cnn be selected that will
drop the desired number of kernels
ninety-five times out of n hundred.
These plates should bo put with their
particular grade of corn in readiness
for planting time.
Preparing th Soil.
With graded seed of high germinat
ing power and n planter properly cali
brated a good stand IB almost certain.
The next step la to prepare the soil to
receive the seed. In sections where
there la any danger of drought It pays
to run over the fall plowing with a
harrow early in the spring. Thla crum
bles the surface and checks evapora
tion. It also encourages the weeds to
start , only to be'killed by the disk
later. As soon as possible after the
small grain Is in the disk should beset
set to work on the corn ground. If
there Is time It pays to double disk , as
the soil la left In smoother nnd flner
condition. After disking the ground
should be harrowed occasionally until
planting time.
In many cases corn follows corn , and
the plowing must be done In the
spring Spring plowing should not be
very deep , as It makes n loose layer ol
dirt into which the moisture cannot
readily rise from the subsoil. As a
consequence the furrow slice dries out
and the growth of the young corn
plant Is checked. A disking before
plowing will cut up the stalks nnd
provide a fine layer which will fall
into the bottom of the furrow and help
to restore capillarity. In soils that nro
liable to bake , each day's plowing
should be harrowed before leaving the
fleld at night A little 'work at this
time will prevent the formation of
clods and save ten times as much trou
ble trying to pulverize them later
Three or four additional borrowings
will usually put the spuing plowing
into first class shape for planting.
It is better to check than to drill
when growing corn for grain , as it
can be kept cleaner , with a resulting
larger yield. For fodder or silage
drilled corn gives more tons of dry
matter per acre and Is more easily
handled by the corn binder. In some
of the states west of the Missouri
river , where the soli Is light nnd rain
fall scanty , listing gives the best re
The number of kernels to use per
hill depends upon the richness of the
soil On the average corn bolt soils
throe kernels per hill will give the best
results. Very rich soils cnn support
four , while on poor soils two an
enough. It pays both in looks and in
enso of cultivating to drive straight
while planting and to take pains to
have the rows check straight cross
As many borrowings as possible
should be given the corn between
planting time and the time it comes
up. If heavy rains have packed the
soil or if it Is badly infested with
weeds It will pay to follow the planter
marks with the cultivator before har
Aa soon ns the rows can be followed
the cultivator should be started. If
any deep cultivation is to be given it
sbonld be the flrst two times over , be
fore the soil is filled with corn roots.
After the corn is six or eight Inches
high same form of surface cultlvatoi
that will not disturb the soil to e
depth of more than two or three Inch
es should be used. I tithe western part
of the com belt , where the fields an
large , the two row cultivator Is becom
ing popular. If the corn U verj
straight both ways these cultivator *
work well after the first time ovei
and enable one man to handle at least
half aa much more land.
The problem of cultivating a corn
field several hundred acres In extent
Mich aa Is found In many of the great
com growing regions of the pralrlf
states has been greatly simplified
Bince the two row cultivator came tnte
ne. With the perfect working corr
planters now In the market the rows
of com may PC made so straight that
the two row cultivator can be BseJ
without difficulty. This has brought
about a facility of cultivation which
has added largely to the yield In many
parts of the country. Before th * com
ing of the double row cultivator there
was danger that orach of the land ol
the western portion of the belt wonM
become too weedy for corn
Fmtty Tie * .
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