The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19??, February 28, 1908, Image 1

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

, , , , .
After Arrest He Seemed to Fear Be
ing Attacked Defense Makes Ef
fort to Impeach Testimony of Lee
Vroman , the Hack Driver.
Madison , Neb. , Feb. 27. From a
Htaff correspondent : The state rested
its case In the Bocho murder trial at
2 o'clock this afternoon.
The following witnesses had been
called In the prosecution : Lee Vro-
man , the hack driver ; Dr. P. H. Salter -
ter , who was summoned to attend Jar-
mcr after the shooting ; Edna Ingham ,
mistress of the resort ; Grace Cole , an
Jnmnte ; J. H. Conley , constable , who
arrested Boche a week after the kill
The court room was again crowded
to its capacity this afternoon. It was
"Norfolk day" to a certain extent ,
forty people having come down on the
noon train and more during the after
When Edna Ingham finished her tes
timony before noon , Grace Cole was
put on the stand. She tcstlilcd that
there had been ten or twelve people
In the house during the evening and
part of the night , but at the time of
the killing no one was there but Jar-
mer , Boche and Vroman , the hack
driver. She heard no shots but did
hear Edna Ingham scream. She ran
out and saw Boche going down the
road , carrying something that might
have been the revolver. The hack
was two blocks away , standing still.
Jurmcr had been dragged up on the
porch. Her testimony was Immaterial.
J. II. Conley was called for the state.
Ho never had a warrant for Boche's
arrest , but made the arrest about a
week after the .killing. After .the ar
rest , drivfng to the Bocho farm , lib
said Boche went into the house and
got the revolver with which he said
he had shot Jarmer. This evidence
was Introduced for the purpose of get
ting the revolver before the Jury.
Fight to Get Gun Before Jury.
After the lunch hour , a legal battle
waged until 2 o'clock over the matter
of placing the revolver in the hands
of the jury. Finally the court ruled
In favor of the state and the gun with
which Boche slew Jarmer was passed
around , the jurymen fingering It as
it went from one to another. Judge
Welch had ruled several times that
the revolver could not bo placed In
the jury's hands , as It was not proper
evidence. Finally , however , the state
brought up a question bearing on the
construction of the weapon with which
Boche killed Jarmer. And under this
phase of the question , for the purpose
of allowing the jury to see how the
weapon was constructed , the gun was
passed around among the jurors. The
defense made objection to this ruling
Conley said that Boche seemed to
fear ho would be mobbed and the wit
ness had assured the prisoner that In
case of necessity , the gun would be
used to protect Boche.
The defense recalled Vroman for
the purpose of Impeaching his testl
mony. Vroman was asked : "Did you
meet Mr. Conley the day of the pre
liminary hearing and say to him , 'I
am going to do nil I can to send him
to the penitentiary ? No. "
"Did you , a week later , in front o
the Kauffmann restaurant , say : 'I
am going to do all I can to help Jacl
out ( meaning the county attorney ? ' '
"No. "
"Did you , In the presence of Wllllan
Stokes , on the morning of the shoot
Ing , say that you were afraid Boche
was going to kill you and.that you
had come away without stopping to
see where the shots came from ? '
"No. "
Conley was recalled and said he
met Vroman the day of the prelim
1nary hearing and that Vroman hoc
said : "I am going to do all I can to
send him to the penitentiary. "
Conley testified that sometime later
he mot Vroman In front of the Kauff
man restaurant and Vroman said : "
am going to do all I can to help Jack
out. " This last bit of evidence was
ruled out , because Conley was not cer
tain as to the exact date , while the
question put to Vroman had specified
about a week later.
Couley was followed by William
Stokes who was asked whether or no
Vroman told him on the morning o
the shooting that Vroman had hur
ried away and had not stopped to see
where the shots came from. On the
ground that this was Immaterial am
that not sufficient basis had been , laid
for the question , Stokes was not al
lowed to answer. '
Recess Is Taken.
After this a brief recess was taken ,
to glvo the defense opportunity to
confer. Technically Conley was the
first witness for the defense whgn ho
WUH called to Impeach Vroman. Con-
ley and Stokes wuro recalled after the
ii'ci'HH ' , hy the defense.
Story of the Boche Tragedy Told by
Vrcinan , the Cabman.
Madison , Neb. , Feb. 27. Fioni a
staff correspondent : With a court
room Jammed with people Ktialnlng
orward lo catch the story of the Jnr-
mor tragedy Leo Vroman of Norfolk ,
ux-jockoy and the cabman who saw
lerman Boche shoot Frank Jarmer
ast May , was toasted In a legal grid-
ron by Senator Allen , attorney lor
loche , yesterday afternoon when Vro-
nan went on the witness stand as the
irst witness for the utato In the Bochu
nurder trial.
Vroman came under Senator Allen's
apld ( Ire of questions in the cross
examination by the state. The Nor-
'oik cabman kept his head during the
) recess and what over the result of
its answers ho did not contradict
ilmnolf or vary his answers during the
Ire of questions.
The cabman was one of the three
vltncuscrj * out on the witness Bland
by the ° 4 > yesterday. The second
witness v ify Norfolk physician who
was called " 3ttend , the dying man ,
ho third Ei Jngham , mistress of
the resort In t. * $ . > f which the shoot-
ng occurred am. , - Vroman an eye
witness to the UHffef , f Jarmor. The
eslliuony drawn fff _ , .ho witnesses
" > y the state was not a now contrlbut-
on to the known facts In the case.
The shooting was outlined and the
joint established that Boche had shot
Jarmer on the morning of May 1 ,
Events of Fatal Night.
Under Judge Jackson's questions
Vroman had reskotched the events of
the night of the shooting and describ
ed the killing of Jarmer. Then the
witness was turned over to the de
fense , Senator Allen conducting the
cross-examination. Judge Allen's quer
ies , at first causal , gradually took on
lire until ho was plying the witness
with question after question of a high
ly personal nature.
Senator Allen first touched on Vro-
man's life history , his experience as a
jockey , as a restaurant worker and as
a Norfolk cabman. Then Vronmn was
brought down to the night preceding
May 1 , 1907. Jarmer had ordered a
cab from the witness In an up town
restaurant. After midnight Frank Jar-
mor and Herman Boche entered his
cab and were driven across the creek ,
the men Inside the cab , the witness
said , talking and laughing.
Vroman said Unit he and another
hackdrlver had spent the evening In
a side parlor of the resort playing
cards. ' In the main parlor Herman
Boche , a girl called Grace Cole and
another person was seen by the wit
ness seated on a settee talking , laughIng -
Ing and drinking. Who the "other
person" was the witness would not
signify ,
Vroman said ho had fallen asleep In
the side parlor and when ho was
aroused about morning ho saw Her
man Boche in the same room seated
on a small chair. Boche , ho testified
was apparently asleep. Vroman wcnl
out to the cab. Jarmer came out with
Boche , whom the witness said was
"not so very drunk. " Vroman salt
that he had seen a good many drunk
en men.
Jarmer started to put Bocho into
the hack when Boche got down be
tween the hack and the porch. Boche
got up himself. Jarmer "helped"
Boche Into the hack. The witness dlt
not remember whether he , himself
helped or not but did not think he
did. Boche fell onto the hack iloor am
came out of the hack , saying some
thing in German. Boche started south
followed by Jarmer , while Vromai
drove north to turn his hack around
The Flash of a Gun.
Vroman had 'the men In sight ant
drove down to where the men were
talking in an apparently friendly way
Boche moved away and was followec
by Jarmer. Vroman drove his hacl
up to them and dismounted. Boche
moved away and was again followe (
up by Jarmer. Jarmer was pushei
aside and then came the flash of a
"Lee , did you stand there within
eight feet of these men without doing
anything ? " demanded Senator Allen.
"No , " said the hackman with a grim
"What did you do ? "
"I tried to get away as fast as 1
could. "
The crowd that filled the court room
laughed and were admonished agali
by Judge Welch.
"Don't laugh , " said Senator Allen
"This Is no laughing matter. "
Vroman Saw It All.
The cross examination was renew
ed. Senator Allen questioned the wit
ness closely on his claim to have been
able to have followed the shooting as
he. was mounting his hack to escape
Vroman maintained that he did no
have to turn his back to Jarmer and
Bocho to get on his hack and this
point was thrashed over several times
during the afternoon.
"Then you drove away across a con
field ? " asked the senator.
"I did. "
"About as fast as the horses could
go ? "
"Yes , sir. "
"Using your whip ? "
"No , sir. "
"The horses wore scared too ? "
"Yes , sir. "
"You were nil scared ? "
"Yes , sir. " * "
Vroman testified that when ho reach
ed the road ho stopped to close the
cab door which had been swinging
Fierce Fire This Morning Qu.iMy
Takes the Omaha DIJou Theater , at
Nineteenth and Harney Streets.
Loss $30,000.
Omaha , Neb. , Feb. 27. Special to
The News : Fire at 9:30 : gutted the
HJou theater at Nineteenth and Hnr-
ley streets. This building was an old
andmark , formerly known as Gcrma-
ilu hall. The flumes spread fast and
.ho entire building was In n blaze
ivlieu the department , only a block
away , reached the place. The loss Is
about $30,000.
M mb rn of A'rlcan M. E. Chureh
Petition for Relief.
Washington , Feb. 27. Five bishops
of the African Methodist Episcopal
church have petitioned the interstate
commerce commission for an investi
gation of the "Jim Crow" system on
Virginia railways , and liavo requested
that the commission see that proper
accommodations are accorded on all
railways when members of the col
ored race travel.
The petitioners sny that the pas
senger coaches furnished them when
they purchase first class transporta
tion "aro dirty and filthy and are not
of the first class quality or descrip
tion in consideration of the first class
fare paid ; that the coaches furnished
white passengers are better in quality
and description ; that the coaches for
negro passeucers are compartment
cars partitioned by a swinging door ,
and' are altogether unlit and unsuitable
for the use of passengers who pay
tlrst class fares ; that in addition to
being dirty and lllthy , such cars are
usually crowded with passengers of
every description of character , who
smoke , drink and curse in the pres
ence of women and all others who pos
sess decent breeding , " and that the
defendants refuse to sell negroes
sleeping car tickets or supply thorn
\vlth transportation on sleeping cars ,
or permit them to cat in the dining
Tells Nebraska Writers About News
papers of the Orient ,
Lincoln , Feb. 27. W. J. Bryan spoke
to the editors of Nebraska on "News
papers of the Orient. " He described
the system of newspaper work in
Japan , China and' other oriental coun
The editors elected officers as fol
lows : President , L. A. Varner , edi
tor of the Sterling Sun ; secretary-
treasurer , C. C. Johns , editor of the
Wood River Sunbeam ; vice president ,
N. J. Ludi , editor of the Wahoo Demo
Following his address to the Ne
braska Press association Mr. Bryan
left for Memphis , Tenn. , where he will
attend a banquet tomorrow. On the
following day , he will deliver an ad'
dress before the Mississippi legisla
In his report of the finances of tha
meeting Secretary W. M. Mauplu
showed the receipts of the present
meeting to be $329.25 and the ex
penses $241.15. The membership ia
100 and the fees paid brought In $205 ,
Packers Need Not Brand Meat Pack
ages With Net Weight.
Lincoln , Feb. 27. Judge Cornish in
the dtstilct court Instructed the jurors
to bring in a verdict of not guilty In
the case of the state against Swift &
Co. The packing company had been
barged with falling to brand the net
weight on the packages of ham and
bacon. Judge Cornish declared that
the police power of the state could no )
be extended to the labeling of provl
Elons and he declared the net brand
Ing clause of the state pure food la *
unconstitutional The state will ap
peal the case to the supreme court.
Clarke Goes to Washington.
Lincoln , Feb. 27. Railway Commis
sioner Clarke left for Washington ,
whore he will represent the Nebraska
commission at n hearing before the
Interstate commerce commission on
Union Pacific coal rates from Rook
Springs and Hanna , Wyo. , to Nebraska
points. The Union Pacific charges a
blanket rate of $8.80 and' $4.80 on all
coal shipped into Nebraska from th
above mentioned points. These rates ,
the brief of the defendant states , ars
Prayer Causes a Divorce.
Detroit , Feb. 27. Mrs. Isaac Bar
rett got a divorce because her hus
band prayed too much. They wer
married In March , 1899 , and have flv
children. Then a wandering Metho
dist missionary came into Barrett's
llfo and ho was converted. Frem that
tlmo on for three years he did scarcely
anything but pray. Ho endeavored t
convert his wife and children , but
Yaquls Spart Americans.
Yuma , Feb. 27. L. D. Cook , a con
ductor on the Rio Grande , Yaqul and
Pacific railroad , brought word here
that tlireo Mexicans belonging to his
train crew wore killed by Yaqul In *
dlans. The engineer and his flren-i.n
were spared , ho said , only
the >
International and Great Northern In
Financial Difficulties ,
Fort Worth , Feb. 27 On petition of
the Mercantile Trust company of New
York , trustee for a large number of
bondholders , United States Circuit
Judge A. P. McCormlck of the north *
rn district of Texas appointed Judge
T. J , Freeman at Dallas receiver for
( he International and Great Northern
Railroad company , and fixed his bond
at 150.000. The petitioners allege that
the railroad has defaulted In the pay
ment of the Interest to the extent of
$491,020 on bonds ; that it Is Insol
vent and unable to meet Its operating
expenses and obligations and to defray
the costs of Improvements now under
way , The railroad company , through
Its general solicitor , filed its consent
to the appointment of a receiver.
The International and Great Northern
ll a Oould line and recently underwent
reorganization when LeRoy T. Price
was superseded by Horace Olark s
eonoral managor.
The reports of the Texas railroad
commission show the road to have
been In financial difficulties for over a
Speeches In Criticism Are Made by
Culberson and Nelson Dalzell De
fends Republican Party and Its Pol
icies In the House. .
Washington , Feb. 27. The bill to
codify and revise the criminal laws
nl the United States was passed by
the senate. Before its adoption the
amendment offered by Senator Cul
berson ( Tex. ) penalizing tha improper
giving out of Information by govern
ment olllclals affecting the market
value of products of the soil except
upon proper authority was incorpor
ated In the measure ,
There weie two speeches in criti
cism of the Aldrich currency bill in
the senate. Senator Culberson ( Tex. )
criticised the measure and spoke In
favor of amendments he deemed neces
sary to make it of service. Senator
Nelson ( Minn. ) also denounced the
measure as of no Importance IB its
present form.
The currency bill was on motion ef
Mr Aldrich made the unfinished busl-
BZSS of the senato.- , - ,
House Hears Dalrell.
Tha climax of general debate on the
army appropriation bill in the house
came when Dalzoll ( Pa. ) , recognized
s one of the foremost protectionists
cf the country , delivered an exhaus
tive speech In defense of the Repub
lican party and Its policies , in which
he upheld tha principle of the protec
tive tariff system and said that under
It the United' States had become tha
greatest of manufacturing nations. He
did not believe there was any neces
sity for tariff revision , but thought it
was well to recognise the claims of
those who think there should be some
alterations. Whatever that revision
was , provided the Republicans were
successful at the next election , he as
sured his hearers It would be In ac
cordance with the Republican theory
of protection to American industries
and the wages of the American work-
The republican tariff system was
attacked by Houston ( Tenn. ) , to which
he charged the trusts owed their being
and he urged Its revision.
Other addresses were made by Sherwood -
wood ( O. ) In support of his bill to
pension soldiers of the civil war at ? 1
a day , and by Boutell (111. ( ) , wno re
ferred to the fact tMttt the gold In the
United States for the first time had
reached one thousand million dollars.
The army appropriation bill was road
for amendment.
Mrs. Theodore Thomas Begs Chlcag *
Teamstera to Be Less Cruel.
Chicago. Feb. 27. Mrs. Theodore
Thomas , wife of the world famous or-
chfstra leader , pleaded with the team
sters of Ohlcaffo In behalf of theli
horses. Whllo draft animals that had
hauled' heavy loads over the slippery
streets rested in their stalls , Mrs.
Thomas urged before the teamsters'
Joint council restrictions and regula
tions favorable to the teamsters'
The teamsters promised to do nil In
their power to assist Mrs. Thomas ,
but blamed the barn bosses and em
ployers for the apparent cruelties.
Many tald abuses would be corrected
if the olty council would limit the ton-
nagn per home that could be hauled
through the streets.
Clergyman Read Durlal Servloe and
Return Trip Took Place of Casket.
PlttBileld , Feb. 27. Riding eight
miles Inside of a hearse U keep from
freezing was the experience of the
Rev. Charles J. Palmer , a , Episcopal
minister , who was called to New Ash-
ford to read tha servlc * over the body
of one of the oldest residents of that
town. The thermometer registered 15
degrees below zero , and there was a
bitter wind. After committing the
body to the earth , the rooter took the
plaoo of the casket In tha hearse , and
rode to Lonesboro , stretched out Insldo
the vehicle. The minister said ha ex
pected to have but on more ride of
Thirty-seven Lines of Road Are Repre
sented , Including the Union Pacific.
Means 200 More Operators In the
State or Nebraska.
Washington , Fob. 27. Representa
tives ofi the railroads of the entire
country are present today at the hear
ing of the Interstate commerce com
mission on extension of time un the
nine-hour law.
Thirty-seven railroads , Including the
Union Pacific and many other western
lines , made application for extension.
When the law goes Into effect Ne
braska lines will employ 200 additional
Fairfax Has Placed a Strong List of
Candidates In Field.
Fairfax , S. D. , Feb. 27. Special to
The News : A caucus of citizens nom
inated the following ticket to be voted
ed for at the annual municipal elec
tion to be held March 1C : Trustee
First ward , Oscar Lambert ; trustee
Second ward , Albert Halstead ; trustee
Third ward , J. F. Hoffman ; treasurer ,
U. G. Stevenson ; clerk , W. M. Wal
ters ; assessor , J. K. Porter ; street
commissioner , G. L. Wlard.
This ticket Is made up of good ,
straightforward , law abiding citizens
and it Is thought will have little oppo
sition. If elected it Is a foregone con
clusion that the laws be enforced In
Fairfax the coming year.
Union Meetings at Fairfax.
Fairfax , S. D. , Feb. 27. Special to
The News : Rev. Mr. Evans and
Rev. Mr. Carlmrt are conducting a
series of union meetings alternating
between the Congregational and Meth
odist churches. Much Interest is man
ifested and much good Is seemingly
being accomplished.
Jas. 1C. Porter , who came here a few
years ago from Madison , Nebraska ,
contemplates leaving soon for Mon
tana. He and his family from Fairfax.
Held Under the Auspices of the State
Board of Agriculture.
Fairfax , S. D. , Feb. 27. Special to
The News : Representatives of the
state board of agriculture hold an In
stitute hero Friday and Saturday , all
sessions being fairly well attended.
Miss Hoover , preceptress of the
School of Domestic Science at Brook-
Ings , gave a demonstration of "Fire-
less Cooking , " which was quite Inter
estlng and entertaining.
Start on Second Stage of World Race
Delayed for a Day.
Chicago , Feb. 27. The Italian car
end the French car No. 1 , the first of
the foreign entrants In the New York-
Paris automobile run to reach Chicago ,
arrived at 6:30 : In at night. The
American car , which came in Tuesday
evening , is still here. Departure for
the west , according to present plans ,
will be deferred until tomorrow , when
it is expected that all the racers wlh
have arrived. The French car No. 2 ,
and the German car were reported in
the vlcinty of South Bend , Ind. The
start on the second stage of the long
Journey was delayed to permit of re
pairs to the automobiles after their
experience with the almost impasua
road's over which they have come. The
contestants were escorted from Hammond
mend , Ind. , by an Imposing file of
cars of all description. The number
of cars composing- escort grew as
the city was approached until , when
the foreign cars swept down Michi
gan avenue and into Jackson boule
vard , they headed a procession of
gaily decorated cars that extended
along the avenue for nearly a mile.
From Hobart , Ind. , the contestants
fought for the lead with varying sue-
cess. When they pulled up in front
of the club house of the Chicago Au
tomobile club honors were oven.
Dr. MacDIarmld of Marthalltown In
stitution Still In Jail There.
Marshnlltown , Feb. 27. A. A. Moor * ,
director of the Marsballtown state
bank , was appointed receiver for the
Green Mountain Savings bank , which
closed Monday. The receiver was ap
pointed on application of the state
auditor. According to the showing
made in the application , the $10,000
capital of the bank has been exhausted
and In addition there are liabilities of
$17,759.89 , with assets not to exceed
$15,4-10.72. President Stuart B. Mao-
Diarmld IB still in jail here , no ar
rangements having yet been made tor
a preliminary examination. His bond
has been fixed at $10,000. MacDlar-
mld's father , William MacDIarmld of
Omaha , arrived In the city and was
In consultation with attorneys re
tained by his son.
Olilo House Passes County Option Bill.
Columbus. Feb. 27. After more than
two hours' debate which the members
generally admitted was all to no pur
pose because no vote could be
changed thereby , the house passed the
Rose county option bill , Introduced
and championed by Senator Rosa , The
vote In passage of the bill was 70 to
Temperature for Twenty.four Hours.
Forecast for Nebraska ,
Condition of the wonthor as record
ed for the twenty-four hours ending
at 8 n. in. today.
Maximum 30
Minimum 10
Average no
Hnromuter 29.90
Chicago , Feb. ST. The hullctln Is-
touod by the Chicago Btntlon of the
United States weather bureau gives
the forecast for Nebraska as follows :
Increasing cloudiness tonight and
Friday. Wanner tonight.
Jury Acquits Frank Taylor.
TocuniBoh , Neb. , Feb. 27. The Jury
In the casu of Frank A. Taylor ,
charged with perjury , brought In a
verdict of iintulttul. Taylor , who win
vice pieuldcnt of the defunct Chant'
borhilu hanking house of thin city ,
wan charged with having contradicted
himself In testimony ulven In twocaaoi
which grew out of the bank failure.
lacla Call * Confesses That Her
Brother Was Slain In Portsmouth ,
N. H. Story of Murder Excites In
terest on Two Continents ,
Portsmouth , rob. 37. A warrant for
the arrest of Paul B. Roy , on the
charge that he murdered bis brother-
In-law , George A. Cavlilns , at Now-
tngton , on Jan. Z , was sworn out
by Sheriff M. M. Collls of Rocking-
ham county. Although Roy Is In
France and is euld to be a citizen
of that country , the authorities have
determined to get him here for trial
If possible. The warrant charging
murder was made out in triplicate.
Ono copy is to be kept here and two
are to be sent to the state capital ,
Concord , and forwarded thence to the
department of justice at Washington ,
which is expected to communlcato
with the French authorities.
Naw York , Feb. 27. "The whole
tory , " as she called it , was told last
night by Glacla CUlla , the beautiful
opera singer , who , in the tragic role
of a deserted bride , denouncing her
husband as the murderer of her
brother , has excited interest on two
Her successes in Paris , her mar
riage to Paul Hey in Boston , the quar
rel at the New Hampshire summer
homo , followed by a duel ; her flight
in the night to her mother's homo and
the ten agonizing hours she spent beside -
side the corpse while the recital of
suicide was being decided upon were
given by the woman with all the
dramatic art of which she is pos
sessed. She agreed to shield her hus
band , she explained , because "Oh ,
when you love a man so. " Now that
her husband has left her and denied
the legality of their marriage , and has
even asserted that she Is several years
past her admitted age , the singer says
that she has had time to realize "tho
horror of it all" and "will never let up
till I drive him to the electric chair. "
Miss Calla , aa she prefers to bo
called , closed the interview with the
statement that she had already told'
her story to the authorities of "New
Hampshire and to my attorney here ,
by both of whom I have been forbidden
to talk about the matter. "
Hemage Worthy of His Life Paid
Father Leo at Denver.
Denver , Feb. 27. With the solemn
ity and reverence due to his holy posi
tion and spotless character , the body
of Rov. Father Leo Helnrlchs was
taken from St. Elizabeth's church to
the Union station , where it was placed
aboard' the Burlington train to bo for
warded to Patcrson , N. J. , where the
Francisran fathers have their Ameri
can headquarters. Solemn high muss
was recited and the service was im
pressive. Rev. Father O'Ryan deliv
ered the funeral sermon , In which he
highly eulogized the martyred priest.
An Information charging Gluscppo
Alio with murder of Father Leo was
filed in the district court by District
Attornay Gaorgo A. Stidger. This ac
tion Is taken to Indicate that the au
thorities have scoured from the pris
oner all the Information concerning
his crime and his connections which
they deem necessary or expect him to
divulge. He will be brought secretly
back to Denver from Colorado Springs ,
to which city he was removed last
Sunday night for safe keeping , and will
be placed on trial at as early date as
can bo arranged for by the district
attorney's office.
Superintendent Ordered In Letter to
Resume Operations at Once.
Pueblo , Feb. 27. Superintendent O ,
M. Marsh of the Ellers smelter ,
owned by the American Smelting &
Refining company , has received' ' two
loiters In the past two days In which
he Is threatened with death unless the
plant resumes operation at once , glv <
Ing employment to the men who ar
'Iho first letter wes written in an al
most unintelligible hand. After blam
Ing him for shutting down the plant
the letter ends with the following
throat : "Mo blow up you If
Cleveland Man Heads National Educa
tional Association A. C. Nelion of
Salt Lake Elected Secretary Meet
Next at Oklahoma City.
Washington , Fob , 27. That there
will be no let up l.t President Reese
velt' * policy of warring "against rot-
tonnwutf and curiuptlon" was emphati
cally declared by the president lu an
address to the delegates to thu department -
partment of superlutunduiico of tha
National Education association , dur
ing their reception at the Whlto
Houae. Continuing , the president gavu
his views on educational methods at
considerable lenyrth and with oho-ruo-
trrlstlo catholicity of thought and
vlpor of expression , saying In part :
"Of all the bodies of citizens that I
Imvo roculved her * at the White
House there Is none that occupies a
more important relation than yours
1 am tempted to say none has come
that haa occupied' as Important a re
lation to the nation , because you men
and women who deal with education ;
who represent the great American pol
icy ot education for all children , benr
a relation to the family , a relation t
the future of our whole people , such
AS no other like number of Individual !
can bear. I own six of the children
that you educate and I am prepared
to extend cordial sympathy to soma
of you. Seriously , friends , It is idle
for any man to talk of despairing ot
the future of this country or of feel
ing unduly alarmed about It , if ho will
como In contact with you here and
with the foices that you represent.
Fundamentally , this eountry Is sound ,
morally no lees than physically. Fun
damentally , In Its family life and In
the outside activities of its Individ
uals , the country Is better and not
worse than it formerly was. This does
not mean that we are to bo oxcuseil
if wo fail to war against rottenness
and corruption , If we fall to contend
effectively w'th ' the forcau of evil , and
they waste their time who aek ma to
withhold inv hand from duallng there
with. But It is worth while to smlto
the wrong for the very reason that
wo are confident that the right will
ultimately prevail. "
At the business session of thu asso
ciation Oklahoma City wna ailactea
as the next meeting place and officers
were elected as follows : President ,
W. H. Bison , Cleveland ; first vlco
president , David B. Johnson , Roclc
Hill , S. C- ; second vice president , Miss
Ida Bender , Buffalo ; secretary , A. O.
Nelson , Salt Luke.
President Transmits Report of Inland
Waterways Commission.
Washington , Fob. 27. President
Roosevelt sent a special message to
congress , transmitting a preliminary
report of the inland waterways com-
'mission. ' The president says in
part : "The commission finds that
It wast unregulated railroad competi
tion which prevented or destroyed the
development of commerce on our in
land watciways. The report rests
throughout on the fundamental con
ception that ovary waterway should be
made to serve the people as largely
and In as many different ways as pos
sible. The commission recognizes that
the cost of Improving our Inland
waterways will be large , but far less
than would be required to rellove the
congestion of traffic by railway ex
tension. While we delay , our rivers
remain unused , our traffic Is periodi
cally congested , and the material
wealth and natural resources of the
eountry related to waterways are be
ing steadily absorbed by great mon
opolies. Among these monopolies
there U no other which threatens such
Intolerable Interference v/Itb the daily
life of the people as the consolidation
of companies controlling water power
1 call your special attention to the at
tempt of the power corporations ,
through bills introduced at the pros
enl session , to escape from the pos
sibility of government regulation in
the Interests of the people. These bllla
aio Intended to enable the corpora
tions to take posst-sslon In perpetuity
oi national forest lauds for the pur
poses of their business , where and as
thuy pUase , wholly without compen
sation to the public. Tha commis
sion's report Is a plea , in the light of
actual facts , for simplicity and di
rectness in dealing with the great
jroblem of our inland waterways In
the Interest of the people. It submits
\.o upcclfto plans or recommendations
concerning even the most important
project. The first of these , of course ,
concerns the Mississippi and Its tribu
taries , whose commercial development
will directly affect half our people.
The Mlssl&slppl should be made a
loop of the sea and work upon II
should be begun at the earliest pos
sible moment. Our people are united
in support of the immediate adoption
of a progressive policy of Inland w&-
terway development. "
Defendants Not to Testify.
Harrisburg , Feb. 27. Taking the po
sition that the commonwealth has not
made out a case against Contractor
J. H. Sandtrfion and the former Btata
officers , Snvdor , Mathues and Shu-
maker on trtal here charged with con
eplracy to cheat the state In the fur
nlshlng of the new cjapltol , the law-