The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19??, December 05, 1902, Page 4, Image 4

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the rclntlot ) of thn Mtlonnl cunrtl to the
inllltta ntul voluntror furors or thn I'lilti'il
Btntofl itluntld bo dpiltml ntul tlint In pluco
of our present obsoli'tn lawn n iirnrtlciil
nnd efllclcnt nynlrin nhottld tin mlopU'tl ,
Provision nhoutil bo mmlo to i-tiulilit thn
ofvnr to krc | cnvulry mid nr
Ullery luimort worn out In IOIIK iiorforiu-
nncu of duty. Biiclt liori > en fctrli liul n
trlllovliin Hold , nna rntliiT Uinn turn
them out to tlio inlKory nwnllliiK tlirni
WlHMI tllllH dl l > 0llfd Of It WOUlll III ) llOttlT
to employ thorn nt Iliitit work nrounil the
pontH nml when noci'HHiiry to put llit-in
pnlnlonnly to donth.
Far thn Mrfil tlmo In o\ir lilntorimviil
innniMlviTH on , ix luriio iicnln urn liolllK hrld
tnulrr the Immcillalu uommnml of ( .lie iul-
inlrnl of the navy. CoiiNtiuttly liirrrnHlitq
nltrntlon In bolnit imld toMho Kunncry of
the nnvy , lint It In yet fnr from wlint It
hniild bo. I cnrncally urge thnt thn In-
cronHo nnkort for liy tlio Bccri'lury of the
tinvy In thn appropriation for Improving
the mnrlimimimhlp lie Krnntuil. In luitlin
1ho only nhotR thnt count nro thu HhotH
thnt hit. It IH nocowmry to provliln lunplo
for practloo with thn jrrcnt KUIIH In
tlmo of pi' non. Thrno funds tnliflt provldo
not only for the purclmno of projcotllc-n.
but for nllownnccH for prUrn to uncoil r-
ngo the K'ni crows. ami twpcclnlly thn itnn
pointer * . ntul for perfecting nn Intelligent
nyntcin timtur which uloiio It la poiuillilo to
Kft Rooil practice ,
Thrru Bhotild 1m no tintt In thn work of
tinllillim tip the nnvy , providing iwcry
ycnr nililltlonnl flulitltiK rrnft. Wo uu u
very rich country , vnst In extent of torrl-
tory uiiil great In population , n country ,
moreover , which linn un iirmy illinlnutlvo
Indeed whi'ti compnruil with thnt of liny
other llrst climn powur. Wo hnvo dellher-
ntrly iiiiulo our own certain forelKit poll *
cU'H which demand thn ponaettalon of u
first chins navy. The Isthmian cnnnl will
prently Increivso thn i-lllclency of our nnvy
If thn nnvy li of nulllclent mze , hut Ifvu
hnvo nn Inailemiuto navy then thn build-
( UK of thn en n ill woulil tie merely Klvlnit a
liostairo to any power of miporlor HlrmiKth ,
The Monron doctrine Hhonlil bo treated nn
thn enrtllnnl featurn of .American foreign
polley , but It would bo worm * thnn lillo
to ( insert It tmlcHn wo Intended to back It
up , and It can ho backed up only by a
thoroughly ( food navy. A ijood nnvy IH
not n provocatlvo of war. It IH the mircut
Kunranty of peaco.
ISnch Individual unit of our navy nhould
lie thn most ulllclcnt of Ita kind an regards
both material and poroonnel thnt IH to bn
found In the world. 1 oall your Bpeelul
nttentlon to the need of provfdliiK for the
iK of the Hhlps. Hurlotm troubto
IhrentuiiH UH If wo cannot do better than
wo are now doing na regards Hccurlni ? the
Horvlees of n miflltilunt number of the high-
rut typo of Hallormen , of won inerlmnlcs
The veteran Heamen of our wnrHliltw nre
of an high a type MM can bo found In any
nnvy which rltlen thn wnterH of the world.
They arn unmirpimsed In daring. In rono-
lutlon. In readlni-H.i. In thorough knowledge -
edge of their profession. They ilenorvn ev
ery coiiHlderatlon that can bn nhown them
Hut there urn not enough of them. It IH
nn morn pntwlhln to Improvise n crew than
It In poRHlbln to ItnprovlHO a warHhlp. To
build thn llnent nhli ) , with the dendllent
battery , and to nenil It ntlimt with a raw
crow , no matter how bravo thny were In
dividually , would bo to Inmiro d'Hawlcr If n
foe of nveniKO cnpaclty were cneonntere'l.
Neither hlpn nor men can bo Improvised
when wnr him begun.
Wo need n thousand nddttlonnl ofllrora
In order to prooerly man the ships now
provided for unit under construction. The
rlntwcR nt the nnvnl school nt Annapolis
nhould bu grently cnlnrged. At the same
tlmo that wo thim add the ofllcerH where
wo need them , wo should facilitate the rn-
tlrement of those at the head of the lUt
whoso usefulnesH hiiH become lmpalro.1.
I'roniotlon must bn fostered If the ucrvlco
la to bo kept nlllclont ,
The lamentahlo scarcity of oIlleerH and
the large number of recruits and of un
skilled men necessarily put aboard the
new vesseln an they hnvo been commis
sioned has thrown.upon our ofllcers , and
enpeclnlly on the nontenants and Junle-
KnulcH , unusunl labor nml fatlgno nnd has
Krnvely atrnlned their powers of endur-
unco. Nor IH thcro sign of nny Immediate
letup In thin strain. It must contlnno for
pome tlmo longer until more olllcern are
graduated from Annapolla nnd until thu
recrultH become trained nnd skillful In
their ilutlos. In these dlllleultloH Incident
upon the development of our war tleat tha
conduct of all our ottlcora has been credItable -
Itablo to the service , nnd the lleutenantii
and junior grades In particular have dis
played un ability nnd n stendfnst cheor-
tulucw uhlch cntlUa them , to tlio ungrudging
tliatiki o ( all who irallw tlio illnhrartenliiff trUli
nit ( atlguci to wlilcli they are of necessity tub-
llirrc U not n cloui ] on the liorlicn at present.
Tlirro Ek'oiiu not the tlltihtot ehunco of treublo
u-llli a furelRii IWWIT.Vo nuwt earnestly liopo
that tills ttnto of tilings may continue , anil tlie
way to Insure Ita continuance U to | iro\ilo ! for n
thoroughly ctllclcnt na\y , 'Hie refusal to main
tain uch a navy would Imttc trouble , anil II
trouble came would Insure disaster. Tatuous . ! (
complacency or > unity or thortklRhtnlncsa la re
futing to ( iroparo ( or danger U both foolish and
wlckrd In nicli a nation ns ours , and past experi
ence has shown that tucli fatuity In refusing to
rreognlte or prepare ( or any crisis la advance I *
usually succeeded by a mud panic ot li6tcrical
( car once the crisis has actually arched.
The striking Increase In the rocnuei ot the
postolllce di'pxrtment KIO\VS clearly the prosperity
ot our people and the Increasing acthlty of thu
business ot the country.
The receipts of the postofflco department ( or
the fiscal > ear ending June 30 last amounted to
| 121.S13CH7.Srt , an Increase ot $10,2103.S7 o\er
the preceding jear , thu largest increase known In
tlie history ot the postal wr\lce. The magnitude
ot this Increase lll l > f t appear from the ( act
that the entire postal receipts ( or tl year 1WO
mountetl to but $ SG1SK7. ( !
Kural ( rec ilelhery scr\tcc Is no longer In the
experimental stage. It has become a Hied policy.
The results followInc Its Introduction have fully
justltled the eongrest in the Urge appropriations
made ( or Its estutilUlnr.i mil extension. Tlif
rerage j early lncrea e n. . .i-.tolllce recvlpU In
the rural dtttrlcts ol the lountry Is about 2 per
cent. We are now al.H. bj Hctual results , to
show that where rural tree delivery service lias
betti eitablliJied to such an extent as to enable
us to nuke comparisons the } early Increase has
been upward of 10 per cent.
On Nov. 1. 11XH. 11.C50 rural ( rce dclUery
routes had been established and were In operation ,
covering about one-third of the territory of the
United States available ( or rural free delivery
rrrlce. There are now awaiting the action ol
the department petitions and applications ( or the
establishment of 10.748 additional routes , lids
show * conclusively the want which the establish
ment of the sen lee has met and the need of fur
ther extending It sj rapidly as possible. It Is
Justified both by th financial results and by the
practical benefits to our rural population ; it
brings the men who live on the neil into clone
relations with the active business world ; it keeps
the farmer In dally touch with the markets ; it li
a potential educational force ; it enhances the
value of ( arm property , makes ( arm Hfo ( ar
pleasantrr and IeM isolated , and will do much to
check the undesirable current from country to
It U to be hoped tliat the congress will make
liberal appropriations ( or the continuance ol the
ten ice already established and ( or its further ei
Few subjects of more importance have been
taken up by the congress In recent yean thai
the Inauguration of the system ol nationally aidei
irrigation ( or the arid regions ol the far west.
A good beginning therein has been made. Now
that this policy ot national irrigation has been
adopted the need of thorough and scientific ( ores
protection will grow more rapidly than ever
throughout the public land states.
Legislation should be provided ( or the protec
tion of the game and the wild creatures gener
ally on the forest resmes. The senseless claugh
ter of game , which can by judicious protection be
permanent ! ) presorted on our national reserves
( or the people as a whole , should be stopped a
once. It Is , ( or instance , a serious count agalns
our national good sense to permit the prttcn
practice ol butchering ott such a stately am
beautiful creature as the elk ( or its antlers o
So ( ar as they are available ( or agriculture ante <
to whatever extent they may be reclaimed unde
the national Irrigation law , the remaining publl
lands should be held rigidly ( or the homebulldcr
the settler who Ihes on his land , and let no on
else. In their actual use the desert land law
the timber and stone law and the commutation
clause of the homestead law hate been so per
verted from the Intention with which they wer
enacted as to permit the acquisition of 'large
arras ol the public domain ( or other than actua
settlers and the consequent prevention of settle
ment. Moreover , the approaching exhaustion o
the public ranges has of late led to much dli
cusilon as to th < > best manner ol using these pub
He lands In the west which are suitable chiefly or
only ( or grazing. The sound and steady develop
tnent of the wett depends upon the building up
cf home * therein. Much ol our prosperity at a
nation ( us been due to the operation ol the home
Mead law On the other hand , we should recog
nlze the ( act that In the grazing region the man
who corrt | K > nds to the homesteader may be un
able to settle p rmanently if only allowed to use
the same amount of pasture land that his brother
the homesteader. Is allowed to use of arable land
One hundred and sixty acres of ( airly rich am
well watered tc-l or a much smaller amount o
Irrijated land miy keep a family in plenty , where
s no one could get a living- from 160 acres o
dry pasture Isnd capable of supporting at the
outside only one head ot cattle to every ten acres.
Jn the past great tracts ol the public domain
bare been fenced in by persons hkviuK DO title
irrrto , In direct drilanre ot the law ( otMildlns ;
ic maintenance or construction n ( any such un *
wful Ini'liiMirr ol public land. Ior tarlniis
enioni tliirr has h < en little Intrrlerrnrr with
uh Inrlosuref In the pant , but ample notice has
ow been Rhfii the trupniwrs , and all the re-
mrten at ( he command ot the gotrrninrnl will
lensttrr ITiuil \ tit pill a stop to such trrtpauliiK ,
Inlew of tlie rapllnl lni | > rt pcr of tlie o mil *
rr I commend them In the c rne t comldrralinn
I the concrcM , ami U the loliKtrwi limit dill ) '
rutty In dcHlliiT with them from laik of Ihouiugh
inou ledge ol llii nubjert I recommend that pro-
lilon be inmle lor a coiniiilMlun < > ( ripeits sp -
Ully to Invest * ! ' snd report upon the com-
illrated iiie tlin ( ( molted ,
I riMictlally iiiyo upon the rongrewi the need of
vim legislation lor Alaska. It Is not to our
rrillt as n nation that Almka , wlilili has been
lira ( or thirty fhe years , should still have a pnir
system ol lavm as Is Ihn rase. No country has
more valuable ponMixlon In tnlmftl wealth , In
Inhetlea , dirt , f omits and also In Und avullahlo
or certain kinds of ( arming and stuck growing.
t Is a territory of great slio and varied re-
Hirces , Hell fitted to support a Urge i > ernianent
lopulatlim. Alanka need * a good land law and
uch provisions ( or homesteads and pre-emptions
s will tiermsnent settlement , We
lioulil shapfl legislation with * view not to the
xploltlng and abandoning of tlio territory , hut
o the biilhtlng up ol home * therein. Tlie land
in Mtmild b liberal In type , so as to hold out
ndiieemerit * to the actual settler whom we mr l
eslro to ire take ponwulon ol tha country , Tlie
orests nl Alsskn should bo protected , nnd , as a
rocondiry but still Important matter , the gainn
* , and nt the wmo lime It In Itnprratlvo thxt
10 ncttlcm should lie allowed to cut timber , un-
er proper rrit\ilntlon , ( or their own use , IJIWB
inuld lie rnactril to protect the Alasknn Mlmon
Inhcrliii ognltmt tlio greed which would destroy
tern. Tliey shnulil be prewrvvd as a permanent
nduntry nnd food supply , llielr msnagemcnt
ml control nhnulil be turned over to the com mis-
Ion of fluh nnd fisheries. Alaska nhould have *
elrgate In th ( titigrem. It would bn well II a
ongrewlonol committee could vlilt Alaska and
nvi-stlgato Its need * on the ground.
In dulling Midi the Indians our aim should be
lielr ultlmnti * alwurpllon Into the body ( if our
xoplo , but In many cnnes this abnorptloa iiuwt
ml should be MTy slow. In portions of thn III-
Ian Territory the mlsturo ol blood ha gone nn
t the immu tlmo with progreM In wealth nml
education. s < > that there are iilenty of men with
nrjlnif ilegrees ol purity of Indian blooil who
re almolutely IndlstlnguUhflble In ( mint of nodal ,
Hilltlinl and cconomlo ability from their uhlto
nsoclatr * . There nre other tribes which have n
et mule no perceptible advance toward mich
quality. Tn try to ( orce micli trllirs too ( nst Is
n prevent their going lorward nt all. Morcotcr ,
lie tribes lUc under widely different conditions.
Vhero n trlhe has made consldrrahlc advance nnd
Ivea on fertile ( arming will It U | Kiiwlble to allot
ho member * land * In teteralty much ns U the
n e with whltii K'ttlerH. There nro other triljoj
\hero micli n courra U not desirable. On the
rid prnlrln InmU the effort Mioiihl bo to Iml.ico
ho Indians to lead pantnrnl rather than ogrlcul *
urnl ll\ei nnd to permit them to nettle Inll -
see * rather than to force them Into Isolation.
The Urge Indian Hchools ultuated remote from
ny Indian rcpenntlon do n special and peculiar
vork of great Importance ; but , excellent though
| IOM > are , HII Immoiino amount of additional work
uu t bo done on the rrnenntions them 'lti < n
among the old , and , above all , among tha young
HID fimt and most Important step toward tha
absorption of tin- Indian Is to teach him to earn
ds living , yet It li not necewirlly to bo amumcd
hat In each community nil Indlani must become
Itlier tllk-rs of the neil or stock raisers. Their
ndiutrln may properly bo diversified , and these
vlio show nieclal ditdre or adaptability ( or Indus-
rial or even commercial pursuits should bo en-
ournRcd so ( ar as practicable to ( allow out each
its own bent.
livery cITort should be made to dctelop the In-
llan along th lines of natural aptltudo and to
ncourago the existing native Industries peculiar
o certain tribes , mich as the various kinds ol
wskct weaving , canoe building , cnilth work and
ilankct work. Above all , tha Indian \K \ > ) and
[ Irla should bo given confident command ol col-
ojulal Kngllsh and should ordinarily bo prepared
or a vigorous struggle with the conditions under
which their people live rather than lor Immedi
ate absorption into nonio more highly developed
The utlldals who represent the government In
lenllng with the Indiana work under hard condi
tions and also under condition * which render It
ensy to do wrong and very difficult to detect
wrong. Conncqurntly they should b * amply paid
on the ono hand , and on the other liuml a par
ticularly high standard of conduct should bo de
manded from them , and where misconduct can be
proved the punishment should bo exemplary.
In no department of governmental work in re
cent years has there been greater succrm than
In that of giving scientific aid to the ( arming
population , tl rvby showing them how most effi
ciently to help themselves. There Is no need of
insisting upon Us Importance , ( or the welfare of
the farmer Is fundamentally necessary to the
welfare ot the republic M n wholo. In addition
to such work as quarantine against animal and
w-getalile plague * , am ! warring against them when
hero Introduced , much efficient help has hern ren
dered to the fanner by the introduction ot new
plants specially fitted ( or cultivation under the
peculiar conditions existing In dlllcrent portions
of the country. New cervals lm\o been established
In the semtarid west. For Instance , the practi
cability of producing the best types of macaroni
wheats In regions of an annual rainfall of only
ten inches or thereabout has been conclusively
demonstrated. Through the Introduction ol new
rices In Ixnilsiina and Texas the production ol
rice In this country has been made to about equal
the home demand. In the south went , the possibil
ity of regrasulng overstocked range land * has been
demonstrated ; In the north mnny new forugo
crops luvo been Introduced , while In the cast It
has been shown that some of our choicest fruits
can U * stored and shipped in such a way as to
find a profitable nurkct abroad ,
I again recommend to the favorable considera
tion of the cungrctsH the plans of the Smithsonian
Institution ( or making the muHoum under its
charge worthy of the nation and lor preserving
at the national capital not only records of the
vanishing races of men , but of the animals ol this
continent which , like the buffalo , will soon become -
come extinct unlew specimens from which their
representatives may be renewed are sought In
their natlva regions and maintained Uiero in
The DWrlct o ( Columbia is the only part of
our territory in which the national government
exercises local or municipal functions and where
In consequence the government has a free hand
in reference to certain types ot social and eco
nomic legislation which must bo cmenUally local
or municipal In their character. The government
should see to It , ( or instance , that the hygienic
and sanitary legislation affecting Washington is
of a high character. Tlie evils of slum dwelling * ,
whether In the shape of crowded and congested
tenement hou o district ! or ol the back alley
type , should never be permitted to grow .up in
Washington. The city should be a model In every
respect ( or all the cities o { the country. Tha
charitable and correctional systcma of the Dis
trict rfiould receive consideration at the hands of
the corurret > a to the end that they may embody
the result * of the most advanced thought In theao
fields. Moreover , while Washington U not a great
Industrial city , there is some Industrialism here ,
and our labor legislation , while It would not bo
Important in Itself , might be made a model for
the rent ol the nation. We should pass , ( or In
stance , a wise employer * * liability act ( or the Dis
trict of Columbia , and we need such an act in
our navy yards. Uailroad companies in the Dis
trict ought to be required by law to block their
( roga.
The safety appliance law. ( or the better pro
tection cf the lives and limbo of railway em
ployees , which was pawed in 1S93 , went Into full
effect on Aug. 1 , 1'JOl. It has resulted In avert
ing thousands ol casualties. Experience show * ,
however , the necessity ol additional legislation
to perfect this law. A bill to provide ( or this
passed the tentte at the last session. It is to be
hoped that some such measure ttuy now bo en
acted into law.
There U t growing tendency to provide lor the
publication of masses of documents ( or which
there Is no public demand and ( or the printing ot
which there is no real necessity. Large numbers ;
of volumes are turned out by the government
printing presses for which there Is no Justification.
Nothing should be printed by any ol the depart
ments unless it contains something of permanent
value , and the congrcw could with advantage cut
down very materially on all the printing which
it has now become customary to provide. Tlie
excessive cost o ( government printing is a strong
argument against the position ol the who are
inclined on abstract grounds to adtocatc the gov
ernment's doing any work which can with pro
priety IK left In private hands.
Gratifying progress has been made during the
rear in the extension cf the merit system ol mak
ing appointments in the government sen ice. It
should be extended by law to the District of Co
lumbia. It is much to be desired that our con
sular system l > e established by law on a basil
profiling ( or appointment and promotion only In
consequence of proved fitness.
Through a wise provision of the congress at us
last session the White House , which had becomt
disfigured by Incongruous additions and chances ,
has now been restored to what It was planned to
be by Washington. In making the restorations
the utmost care has been exercised to come as
near as possible to the early plans and to supple
ment these plans by a careful study of such
buildings as thst of the Univerxity of Virginia ,
which was built by Jefferson. The White House
Is the property of the nation , and so ( ar as Is
compatible with living therein It should b kept
as it originally was , ( or the same reasons that
we keep Mount Vernon as It originally was. Tlie
stately simplicity of its architecture Is an ex
pression ol the character of the period in which
It was built and Is In accord with the purposes
It was designed to serve. It Is a good thing to
preserve such buildings as historic monuments
which keep altte our sense of continuity with the
nation's past.
The reports ol the several executive depart
ments are submitted to the congress with this
communication. TUEODOIUJ 11OOSKVELT.
Heavy Rain is Accompanied by
Tremendous Gales of Wind.
Initial Storm of Winter Covers Seven
State * Colorado In Grasp of Bliz
zard Howling Wind In Chicago ,
Grow * ) Cold In Wyoming ,
Loulnvlllo , Dec. 3. A oovoro Btorm
of wind nntl ruin swept ovar n portion
of the Boiith yesterday , cuuRlng con-
Bldcrnblo lonu to property mid several
cuBimltluH. The grcatcHt damage was
that done to telegraph and telephone
wlreB , communication with noma
points In the HouthwetU having been
interrupted for the greater part of the
day , Southern Loulalana , northern
MlnnlRfilppl , western Tennessee and
DOtithcaBtcrn Alabama \vero the chlol
BiifforerB. The Htorm struck New Orleans -
loans Hhortly heforu daylight und blow
down the hotme of Professor John Do-
tiler , probably fatally Injuring him ,
Mrs , Denier was also seriously In
jured , while her mother , Mrs. Fomlcn ,
nnd Mrs. Donler's sixteen-year-old
daughter wore slightly hurt.
The Htorm. was also very severe In
the vicinity of Clayton , Ala. , where
trees wore uprooted und houses blown
down. It Is feared that loss of life
nnd serious losses among live stock
may he reported when full details ol
the damage shall be received.
Buildings Wrecked In Indiana.
Evaiisvllle , Intl. , Dec. 3. The worst
ntorm that has visited southern In-
ill aim In many years swept this sec
tion yesterday afternoon , sinking
barges and house boats on the river ,
tearing down and playing havoc with
telephone aid telegraph wires. Olio
of the now buildings of the Evans-
villa das company was demolished
causing a loss of $30,000. Several oth
er buildings wore badly damaged. The
wind attained a velocity of flfty-foui
miles nn hour. The storm was espe
cially severe In Warrlck and Posey
counties , where several buildings are
reported wrecked.
Storm Strikes Chicago.
Chicago , Dec. 3. Ono of the heav
iest storms of the year struck this
city yesterday. The wind blow at the
rate of fifty-two miles an hour and
the rain fell In sheets. It Is not be
lieved there will be any loss on Lake
Michigan , ns danger signals were dis
played early In the morning and not
n boat has left port. The wind
caused considerable damage to tele
graph and telephone wires throughout
the city. Western "Wisconsin was
ewept by n heavy snowstorm.
Blizzard In Colorado.
Denver , Doc. 3. The cold wnvo
which struck Colorado yesterday has
developed Into a regular blizzard , and
enow Is now falling In all the northern
portions of the state , being driven by
a strong north wind. The mercury
has been falling. The lowest report
Is two degrees above zero. Much
damage to cattle on the ranges la
Snow Covers Seven States.
Omaha , Doc. 3. What was practic
ally the first snow of this winter pro-
Tailed Tuesday over the states of
Nebraska , Iowa , South Dakota , Kan
eas , Minnesota nnd Illinois. There
Tras n precipitation of about two Inches
of moisture over the entire territory
Storm Is Moving South.
Cheyenne , Wyo. , Dec. 3. A seven )
cnowstorm reached hero and Is mov
Ing south before a high wind. The
temperature has fallen to zero.
Violent Storms Prevail Throughout
the United Kingdom.
London , Dec. 3. Storms are con
tlnulng with great violence on the
coasts of the United Kingdom. Many
wrecks are reported and bodies of men
lost In these disasters already nre be
ing washed ashore. Navigation arounc
the northeast coast Is almost para
lyzed. The Norwegian bark George
Vllle has been wrecked In the Orkneys
Three of her crow were drowned. The
British schooner Eliza Bain was
wrecked at Sundorland while trying to
make the harbor , and It Is bellevei
that all hands wore lost. The Danlsl
barkentlno Dclos landed at Plymouth
yesterday thirteen of the crew of the
Norwegian steamer Kong Slgard
which wore rescued by the Deles when
the Kong Slgard was on the point o
sinking In the Bay of Biscay.
Little Hope for Overdue Steamers.
Port Townsend , Wash. , Dec. 3. The
United States revenue cutter Bear ar
rived yesterday from Dutch Harbor ,
Alaska , after one of the most tempest
uous voyages ever experienced during
the thirteen years the vessel has been
detailed for Arctic service. Captain
Tuttle thinks little hope can be en
tertained of ever hearing of either
) the schooner General Slglln or the
steamer Dawson City , both overdue
from th north , if they were out In
the storm of the 24th , for the severity
I of the gale tested the seagoing qual
ities of the Bear , built for Arctic
utormi and Icebergs.
Goet to Sleep on TracRs.
Sioux Falls , S. D. , Dec. 3. The remain -
main * of the man found on the rail
road track at Booce have been iden
tified as those of William J. Murray
, of Sioux Falls. He was intoxicated
aid went to sleep on the track. The
passoucer train cut him to pieces.
Effort * to Stamp Out Foot and Mouth
Dlseaie In New England ,
DoBton , Dec. 3. Matters are rapid-
y nettling themselves for vigorous
inndllng of thu foot and mouth dls >
case In this state , The situation was
canvassed nnd brought from Dr. Aus-
In Peters , the chief of the slate cat
tle bureau , a statement that there
nre 700 cases of the disease , divided
among twenty-five towns. The arrival
of Dr. Salmon of the United States
juroau of animal Industry brought ar
rangements for close qimrnntlns to
ahead , n be sanctioned TV hat had been
done and gave various orders , which
will quickly bring all New Englaud un-
lor observation of staff officers of the
Later a statement was issued in the
'arm of Interrogatories and answers.
3y this It was seen that Dr. Salmon
lollevcs the situation is very disquiet-
ng , that It is Impossible to tell when
the disease will be eradicated , that no
new cases are known outside of New
England , that cattle exposed to Infec-
Lion will not bo Immediately slaught
ered and that rcsasonablo compensa
tion will bo given to cattle owners
whoso animals are slaughtered under
direction of the federal gocernment.
Too Rank Growth In Some Sections
and Hessian Fly In Others.
Washington , Dec. 3. The weather
bureau has Issued the following state
ment of crop conditions for November :
The month was marked by excep
tionally mild temperatures in all dis
tricts east of the Uocky mountains ,
with excessively heavy rains. The re
ports generally show that winter
wheat was In very promising condi
tion at the close of the month. With
ample moisture and exceptionally
mild temperature throughout the
month the crop made rapid advance
ment and too rank growth Is very gen
erally reported from the central val
leys in Oklahoma and Texas. In the
early sown the Hessian tly has ap
peared extensively , but this pest has
not affected the late sown , which con
stitutes much the greater part of the
total acreage. In Texas some Holds of
early sown arc from twelve to eight
een inches high and are liable to in
jury from cold. On the north Pacific
coast the weather has been very un
favorable for seeding.
British Minister at Caracas Requests
Presence of a Warship.
New York , Dec. 3. It is known upon
good authority , cables the Herald cor
respondent at Hamilton , Bermuda ,
that the British minister in Caracas ,
Mr. Haggard , has requested the admi
ral of the British fleet at Bermuda to
send a warship immediately In consequence
quence of the continual and bitter at
tacks in the Venezuelan official press
upon the British government.
Relations between Great Britain and
Venezuela are becoming , the dispatch
asserts , more and more strained.
Major Glenn to Be Tried for Execut
ing Native Guides.
Manila , Dec. 3. Orders have been
received from Washington .directing
that Major Glenn of the Fifth infantry
may bo put on trial for a second tlmo
on a charge of cruelty committed dur
ing the Samar campaign. Major
Glenn is charged with having executed
several native guides for misleading
the American column sent against the
enemy's stronghold. Major Glenn himself -
self reported the matter , which has
been the subject of an extensive in
quiry for several months.
Municipal Ownership Defeated.
San Francisco , Dec. 3. A movement
toward the municipal ownership ol
street railways was defeated at a spo-
clal election hold hero yesterday. A
proposition to Issue bonds to the
amount of $700,000 for the purpose ol
equipping the Geary street railroat !
was beaten by a vote of 15,120 for to
11,334 against. A two-thirds majority
was necessary to carry the measure
Call for Live Stock Convention.
Kansas City , Dec. 3. The official
call for the sixth annual convention
of the National Live Stock association
which convenes here on Jan. 13 next
was issued by John W. Springer , presl
dent , and Charles F. Martin , secretary
of the association. In addition to the
growing of live stock , all allied Indus
tries may be represented at the meet
Gillette Strikes It Rich.
Laredo , Tex. Dec. 3. A Monterey
special says : For $500 , Grant Ctllette
a former Kansas cattleman , has se
cured a lease on a mine yielding dally
fifty tons of ore , selected shipments
of which have brought $5,000 a ton
Former operators of the mine have
worked It nt a loss. This is the latest
rich strike In the Parral district.
Progress on Cuban Treaty.
Havana , Den. 3.--General Tasker II
Bliss , who Is here to anange a basis
for a reciprocity treaty between the
i United States and Cuba , had another
conference with Secretary of State
! Zaldo. General Bliss afterwards said , :
"We expect to conclude the conference
by next Saturday. Everything Is pro
gresslng satisfactorily. "
Two Men Hold Up "Twenty-five.
Elko , Nov. , Dec. 3. A saloon a
Ryndon , near here , was hold up las
night by two masked men. Abou
twenty-five men , mostly railroad
workmen , who were in the saloon a
the time , were lined up at the points
of revolvers and they and the bar
tender searched. The robbers secured
about { 700 and disappeared.
United in Their Demand for
Higher Wajes.
Engineer ! , Conductors , Trainmen and
Firemen Make Combined Request
Recent increases Not Considered
Sufficient on Western Roads.
Chicago , Dec. 3. With the purpose
of formulating requests for an Increase
of from 10 to 20 per cent In the pay
of 170,000 railroad employes , commit
tees from four prominent labor or
ganizations are now meeting In Chica
go. They are holding sessions in four
Chicago hotels and my be expected to
present their demands to the railroad
officials early next week. The four
organizations represented by the com
mittees are : Brotherhood of Locomo
tive Engineers , membership 41,000 ;
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen ,
membership 47,000 ; Brotherhood of
Railroad T/alnmen , membership GO-
000 ; Order of Railway Conductors ,
membership 22,000.
For the first tlmo In eight years the
four organizations are working In har
mony and may bo counted upon ti
stand together In the possibility of
trouble with the railroads.
It Is announced by members of the
committees representing the organi
zations that requests for an Increase
in pay will bo made by the four organ
izations from every railroad system
In the middle west nnd northwest.
The roads are to be given ono month
to meet the demands made by the or
ganizations. If by that tlmo the roads
shall fa.i to show a disposition to'treat
with the individual organizations and
committees of their own men , con
certed action will be taken.
The four organizations will send
delegates to a national conference ,
which will meet In St. Louis Jan. 5.
Then the committees , which are now
formulating new wage scales , will re
port upon the treatment that their re
quests have met with by the general
managers of the railroads.
It Is the general opinion that dras
tic action will be unnecessary. The
railroad managers are showing a dls-
losltlon to treat with committees of
.heir employes and the chances are
.hat amicable adjustments of the wage
question will be effected before the
tlmo comes to hold the St. Louis
Iowa Agricultural College Captures
Principal Prizes.
Chicago , Dec. 3. Despite the In
clement weather , yesterday proved
ono of the biggest days in point of at
tendance In the history of the Interna
tional Live Stock exposition , 40,000
people having passed through the
gates during the day and evening. The
judges wore kept busy on the many
Important entries that gathered In the
respective rings and when they ceased
their late fast night had made the
greatest showing on record for the
number of animals judged.
The Iowa agricultural college came
off with flying colors , capturing the
principal prizes In cattle and hogs.
Shamrock , the grand champion of the
show , entered by the Iowa college in
the fat angus grades , won everything
and aggregated over $500 in cash
The Iowa colit-sc also won the prize
for the best general exhibit of cattle ,
sheep and swine.
Alderman Fowler of Chicago has
sold his Percheron stallion Porquo-Pas
to McLanghlln Bros , of Columbus ,
after' having won the championship
over all stallions In the show.
The second annual meeting of the
American Federation of Students of
Agriculture was held last night in
the assembly room of the new Record
building. An address of welcome was
made by Mortimer Levering of In
dianapolis and the response was made
by President S. J. Halght of Cham-
palgn , 111. A number of papers were
National Association Elects C. M. Cos-
grove of Minnesota President.
Chicago , Dec. 3. The National As-
sociatlon of Fairs and Exhibitions met
last night and elected the following
ofllcers : President , C. M. Cosgrove ,
Minnesota ; vice president , J. F.
Stuckey , Ohio ; secretary , John M.
True , Wisconsin ; treasurer , George M.
Madden , Illinois.
The association decided upon the
time of holding the state fairs In 1903
as follows : Missouri state fair , Aug.
17 to 22 ; Iowa , Aug. 24 to 29 ; New
York , Aug. 24 to 29 ; Minnesota , Aug.
31 to Sept. 5 ; Ohio , Aug. 31 to Sept. 5 ;
Wisconsin , Sept. 7 to Sept. 12 ; Ne
braska , Sept. 7 to Sept , 12 ; Indiana ,
Sept. 14 to Sept. 19 ; Kansas , Sept. 14
to 19 ; Kentucky , Sept. 21 to Sept. 2C ;
Illinois. Sept , 28 to Oct. 3 ; Texas , Sept.
28 to Oct. 3 ; St , Louis fair. Oct. G to
Oct 10.
Beef Trust Hearing.
Kansas City , Dec. 3. in the hearing
for the investigation of the alleged
beef combine , John Mack , accountant
for Swift & Co. , at East St. Louis , produced -
duced a statement showing the num
ber of animals slaughtered at their
plant and their cost. The Idea of the
packers Is to show how big their busl-
ness is , and also to show that while
they collect a vast amount of money
for meats , they also pay out very largo
suras to thij farmers for stock and in
wages to their employes.
li 18 onnoM of purs toftt to Ui pound.
Who know * how ranch coffee and bow
much stale ( tBS and ( tine called elating
there U In contod ootT 1
1.1 on CoCTtei li all eoffe * ner r ilaitd.
Th Maled packag * ketpt It ( rob and pore.
Between St. Loula and Kansas City and
And principal points In Texas and the South-
This train Is now throughout and la
made up of tbo finest equipment , provided
with oloctrlo lights and all otbor modern
traveling conveniences. It runs via our now
Red River Division.
Every nppllnnco known to modern cat
building and railroading bas boon employed
In tbe mako-up of this service , Including
Cafe Observation Cars ,
nndor tbo management of Frod. Harvey.
Full information as to rates and all details oi
a trip via this now ronto will bo cheerfully
furnlstiod , upon application , by any repre
sentative ot the
She Has Cured Thousands i
Given np to Die.
Practicing Aleopathj' , [ Home
opathy , Electric and Gen
eral Medicine.
Will , by requeet , visit professionally
returning every four weeks. Consult her while
the opportunity is at hand ,
DR. CALDWELL limits her pri-ctlco to tLo
special treatment of diseases of the eye , oar ,
ni ° fi8 ! l"roati InnjtB , female diseases , diseases of
children and nil chronic , nervoun and surgical
diseases of n curable nature Early consump
tion , bronchitis , bronchial catarrh , chronic
catarrh , headache , conetipntloi , stomach and
bowel troubles , rheumatism , nenralela , sci
atica , I riKht's ( itsf ase.kiclpey diseaBos.dUoaso *
of the llyer and blodder , dizziness , nor ousnoBS.
ImllRCKtinn , obesity , intnrraptod i n'ritlon
slow growth in chilifro- . and all wasting Alt.
oaies in artults , defo.mltioclubfeet . curva-
inro of the plno , diseases of the brain , paraly
sis. heart disease , dropsy , swellliiff of tlie limbs ,
stricture , open sores , pain in the bones , gronn-
lar enlargements and all long-standing diseases -
eases properly treato'i.
Itlooil and Skin DlmmBen ,
rimplos.b'otclioB , eruptions , liver spots , fallIng -
Ing of the hair , bad comploxloi eczemVtliroat
ulcers , hone inliis , blunder t.nubKs weak
back , burning nrino. pa sing urine too often
TheelloctBof constitutional slckno.s or tho'
taking of too much injurious medicine receives
S troatmeut' 1)rolrPt ) r8ll ° f "d a cure
" 86 ° fiwomon' fi Irregnlnr
falling of the nmb ' , benring menstruation dowu naliiB ,
fen mo . Uplacemeitts , luck of sex nal toLo'
I one. rrhea sterility or hnrrenuops. consnft
/.i011'1 } ' 0"1"1 . BtlB * ' " ' 1OW | t'lem ' the causa
of their trouble and the way to become cnfSl.
Cancera , Goiter , KlMtiiln , rile ,
anl cnlarKB lgrands treated with the snbcn.
titneous inject on metlm.l. . absolutely % m ? nt
imin ami without Urn loss ' f < "opVof blood
IsoneofherowndUcovericBHiid ii ronllr tlia
most scientUlp method of thin advance d nJo
) .
lr. CaMwnl has practiced her profewloD ? in
sorneoftholargpBt ihSSift
, hospitals mt the
county blialinviioiuporiori , the treatlnc
- T : B * *
There' * Rlmiy u BHj ,
on the icn or wet ground nt thin tinio of
ywir. ami mnny u S0ro spot in coueo-
quence No nmount of emit ion will
Kimrnutoo yon nirniiiHt nccidont. That
IH why we kvnp Perry Davis' Painkiller
on hand to relieve the ncho of brnigeil
Jlsh , ami sore , throbbing mnBolo. It
to pnlullinor' two " "rations.