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About The Norfolk weekly news-journal. (Norfolk, Neb.) 1900-19?? | View Entire Issue (Sept. 6, 1901)
TI1K NORFOLK NKWS : FRIDAY , SKl'TKMHF.R ( I , 1001.
BUDDING THE APPLE.
The Main neqaUlteft of Saccci * .
June and fall Ilndillnflr.
' With the apple the operation of bud
ding must be performed during the
growing season nrnl consists In remov
ing a bud from a twig of the variety
which we wish to propagate and In
serting It beneath the bark of the stocker
or young seedling tree we wish to
change , and thin IB then held In place
by tying It fast until the bud and the
Block have united. Then by forcing
the sap and consequent growth Into
this transplanted bud by preventing
all other growth we got a new tree of
the defalred variety. It IB a method of
A , bud stick ; I ) , incision lengthwt c with CTOM
cut at top ; C , remoUni ? the bud , 1) , inserting th *
bud ; E , bud Inserted , F , tying In the bud.
artificially multiplying a desirable va
riety. The extent of this multiplica
tion Is limited only by the number of
buds nvnllaulc. The successive stages
of budding are shown In the llgure
from a recent report on the apple and
how to grow It , In which 1'oiuologist
Ilrackett explains the operation of bud
ding as follows :
The main requisites for MJCCCSS ! n
budding me a healthy , grow'ng condi
tion of the stock on which the work It
to be done and a certain slate of ma
turity of the buds. The bark of the
block must sepniatc freely , bo that tle
bud may be forced under It without In
jury to the cambium layer of either
bud or stock. The bud sticks or scions
selected for summer budding should beef
of the curient year's growth and
should have well < eloped buds.
When taken from the tree , the leaves
must be ct off Immediately , leaving
only a short stub of the leaf stem for
convenience In handling during the
operation. They should always be
l < ept in a fresh condition by use of
damp moss or wet cloth until using ,
and not moie than one or two scions
should be wlthdiawn from the package
at a time.
Juno Budding. If It Is desired to
fitart the bud Into growth the same
season it Is Inserted , the budding
should be done as early In the season
ns well developed buds can be obtain
ed. As soon as it Is found that the bud
lias united with the stock or branch
the material used to fasten the bud la
place must be removed and the stocker
or branch cut back to within a short
distance fiom the bud to * force tfce
growth of the Inserted bud.
Late Fall Budding. This Is the kind
of budding more commonly practiced
among nurserymen , the buds being I
serted into the stock as late In the sea
son as the bark of the stock will sepn
rate freely to receive It. In such In
stances the bud remains dormant
through the following winter. The fol
lowing spring the wrapping Is remov
ed , and wherever the buds appear
sound the tops of the stocks are cut
back and tieated In the same manner
as described for June budding. All
buds on the stocks below the one In
serted should be rubbed off as they
start to grow. The objection to early ,
or June , budding Is that the growth
from such buds docs not always Ma
ture sufficiently In northern sections to
pass a seveiely cold winter without In-
Some kluus of grapes set thiee nd
occasionally four bunches to OP-CU
shoot. All but the two largest should
be removed as soon as the grapes are
formed. The bunches thus left will
ripen earlier and be much better every
way than where the Nine Is allowed to
overbear. The Delaware grape la es
pecially liable to set too many clusters ,
and this Is a short Jointed variety ,
which makes the shoots grow closer
together. This Is why so many Dela
ware grape vines have mildew on their
fruit Just at the time the grape hi per
fecting Its seeds , hack of potush Is
the cause , but usually If potash Is ap
plied most liberally It v\lll only nmkn
the Delaware \lne set more clusters , so
that the thinning will still be needed.
The thinning should be delayed until
after the blossoming period Is past , fl
it may make so great a rush of sap to
the other blossoms that they will bo
drowned out and fall to tci their fruit.
Inl < I'IniitliiK' of
Although blooming comparatively
early In HIP spring , the blossoming of
rhododendrons and azaleas Is not dis
turbed by Into spring planting , the
plants usually being lifted with coin-
pact bnlla of earth. If carefully plant
ed , they will take hold of the soil at
once , eayfl Jtfeehan.
IVImrf CiU * .
"Cats arc not ght-n credit for half
thi Intelligence they deserve , " said a
boss Ktou-dort' tin- other day. "If > on
don't belU'U1 me , come down along
the rher front and \\atch the \\liatf
cuts. The.r are as wild IIH can be , but
you can't fool them. Neither could
you ill he them away from the wharfs.
They live down among the pilings and
mibslst on rats or whatever refuse
they can llnd. Tln-j me mostly seafar
ing cats that have ll\ed on shipboard
and Unit U\i ? been left behind when
their vcs 'Js have sailed.
"They go asluiic to stretch their legs ,
FO to spi-ak , and their ship goes off
without them. From that moment
you can't drive them away fiom the
pier on which they weie left. They
always seem to be looking for their
ship to come back , and sometimes It
does , and then the cat Is almost fran
tic with delight. Of com we they might
Jump alumni any vessel and would
probably be welcomed , but they lately
do that. They want to get back to
their own homes. " Philadelphia Hoc-
Mr. ( iaiithiiii ) ' * Quirt I'tin.
Itobeit Canthony asKed \Vccdon
( iiossmlth to read a play which Hun-
tliony had written. .Mr. ( iiossmlth took
the comedy , but lost It on his way
"Night after night , " he says , "I
would meet Ganthony , and he would
nsk me how I liked his play. It was
awful. The perspiration used to come
out on mi foiehead as I'd say some
times , 'I haven't had time to look at It
yet ! ' or , again , 'The Hist net was good ,
but I can't stop to explain , etc. ; must
catch a train. ' That playas the bane
of my existence and haunted me even
In my di earns. "
Some months passed , and Ganthoiiy ,
who Is a merry wag , still pursued him
without mercy. At last It occurred to
Mr. Orossnnth that ho might have left
the comedy In the cab on the night it
was given him. Ho went down to Scot
land Yaid and Inquired.
"Oh , yen , " was the reply. "Play
marked with Mr. Oanthony's name ;
sent back to owner four months ago ,
as BOOH as found " London Telegraph.
The news item of the future will
probably road something like this : "As
Farmer Smith was delivering a bale of
hay at the treasury building , and while
waiting to have the govenimont stamp
allKod , his horses took flight at the
limited oxpioss on the Washington and
San FianclMM ) airship lino. They dash
ed down the avenue , and , turning the
coiner at the up town station of the
Chicago Pneumatic Tube Kapld Tran
sit companv , brought up with n dull
thud against the celluold window of
the Potomac Artificial I'gg company.
In the crash and general confusion
Farmer Smith's head and two of his
limbs were severed from the bodj. but
he was promptly removed to the Kdl-
son hospital , and after the electrical
boric welding operation was perform
ed he was able to drive home and
keep his appointment with the man
who holds the mortgage on his farm. "
Kansas Cl'y Independent.
It Is not In show performances that
one llnds th gieatest achievements of
the telegiaji , but In the speed with
which ordinary business Is transacted.
Thus the Stock and Produce 11\-
changes of New York and Chicago
have the clo est possible connection.
There is a vast amount of communica
tion between the exchanges of the two
cities every day , and the telegraph
companies have their oillcos on the
lloois of the exchanges. It Is on rec
ord that messages have been sent from
the New York Produce Ixchunge to
the Chicago Produce Exchange and an
swers received in ' 15 seconds. When
one reflects that these were ordinary
messages , for which no special prep
aration was made , and that the op
eration Involved the writing out of the
messages nt each end of the line and
their delivery to the persons to whom
they were addressed , the result seems
marvelous. Aluslee's Magazine.
Gixiil Temper of Americana.
I have never seen an American lose
his temper , not even under the most
trying and provoking circumstances.
If In a railway station you wore to lose
your temper with the baggage man ,
for Instance , you would get the crowd
to gather around you and have a good
time. Once , at Cincinnati , a baggage
man threw a valise of mine on the
platform with such force that It broke
open and spread my belongings about.
1 gave that man a piece of rrry mind ,
but I was sorry I had not set more
value on rny time than that. A crowd
of baggage men and passersby gather
ed to bet whether I was going to be
able to put all my things together or
not , 1 felt 1 was giving a free show ;
I quickly collected my goods and chat
tels , disappeared quickly and went to
buy a new trunk. Max O'Uell In Nev
The .Ne > \ I'rufcBuor.
The students who attended the lec
tures In biology planned a little JoKe on
their professor. They icmovod a stuff
ed baboon from the Natural History
museum , adjacent , dressed it up In a
student gown and set It In the profess
or's chair upon the lecture platform.
When he entered the room , they greet
ed his ev Idont surprise with a sup-
proved glggie of merriment.
"Well , gentlemen , " he snld blandly ,
"I'm glad to see that you have found
at last a piofessor who Is suited to
your capacltU's. " New York Commer
Schoolteacher ( endeavoring to explain -
plain the meaning of the word "har
ness" to a small boyiWhat does your
father put on the horse ?
The Small Boy ihls face brightening )
'U puts on all 'e can If 'c thinks It'M
win. London Fun.
Why SnU In Commonly t'iril < o Pnl
In accounts of chimney fires It IB
common to read that the lire wan ex
tinguished l > y throwing wilt down the
chimney. Salt In lined because there
IH liberated fium It when It cornoti Into
contact with the lire a gas that within
uu Inclosed space like a chimney Is
very effective In extinguishing lire.
The primary purpose In throwing Halter
or anything else down a burning chim
ney Is to dislodge the burning mint ,
chimney IlreH being en used by the Igni
tion of the soot clinging to the Insldo
of the chimney. Salt la used for thin
purpose not alone because of ItH pecul
iar efTcctlvonoHH , but also because It IH
something available for the ptirp" * * )
that can commonly be found at baud
In a house. It Is thrown down the
chimney In such a manner that It will
rattle down the Hides and by ItH weight
Knock dowir the soot and sparks cling
ing to the chimney's Inslde.s.
A bucket of sand has been put to the
same use with good effect , and Home-
times a scuttle of coal has been poured
down the chimney , the coal bounding
about from side to Hide an It dropped
and BO doing Its work effectively.
SomctltnoB a bilck IH taken from the
chimney Itself and , tied to a clothes
line , Is hauled up and down the chim
ney , with the same result. At the
hearth below or at the bottom of the
chimney wherever the sparks may fall
theie IH stationed a man with a pall of
water to put out whatever lire may
drop. Water IH not played on a chim
ney fire from a hose because It l.s not
necessary , and the water would do
moio damage than the lire.
The damage caused by a lire In a
chimney when It IH confined there IH
nothing or next to nothing. Left alone ,
however , a chimney ( lie might work ItH
way Into a building and so prove destructive
structive , and theieforeHlIght as they
may be In themselves or as they might
be In their consequences chimney flroH
arc- always put out and commonly In
the manner described. Exchange.
Tonflilnu a HorMe Trlvki.
You can , with patience , teach your
Lorso politeness to bow to an audi
ence , to say "No" with more or less
decision , to Kiss jou or even laugh.
The animal may bo taught to bow by
tapping him on the back with a whip.
He bendH his head 111 to Ing to avoid
the annoyance. The trainer ceases the
tapping , caresses him , their resumes
It till he repeats the bow. He Is again
caressed and presented with a carrot
or something of which he Is particular
ly fond. At last It comes about that
he "bows" upon any movement of the
whip tow aid his back.
To teach a hoi so to say "No" a pin
Is fastened to the butt of the whip. A
' slight scratch Is given to the horse's
withers , about where the collar would
| be. At this he sliaKcs his head and
I soon learns to shako It whenever ho
sees the butt of the whip coming near
The trainer toadies the animal "to
kiss" by feeding him with apples from
his mouth , gradual ! ) lessening the si/e
of the apples till the horse does the
trick without any , or he puts salt , of
which horses are very fond , on his
cheek , and the animal natuiaUy licks
lie Is taught to laugh by gently forc
ing the butt of the whip In at the side
of his mouth , then piylng his mouth
open with It. Caresses and canots fol
low , till at last the slightest motion of
the butt toward his mouth makes him
open It. lie does not really laugh ; he
grins. Good Words.
A ClilciiKO Street Cur I2 | > lNi > ile.
Passenger M on an east bound Archer
avenue car weie thrown Into a panic
one night by the prospect of a holdup.
At the sight of a wild eyed man Jerk
ing the bell rope and flourishing a huge
revolver timid women sought shelter
behind brave men.
Quiet was restored when the real
cause of the disturbance was learned.
Car 1811 had been about to cioss the
switch tracks at Ashland avenue when
the conductor asked the man for his
fare. lie took a § o bill and was about
to make change when he saw the
warning lights flhgad'
"Walt a moment , lie said and dart
ed ahead with his lantern.
"Stop the car ! " roared the excitable
passenger , who saw the conductor and
his $5 disappearing down the truck.
"He's got my money ! "
The would be "holdup" man had
reached the front door when the car
( lashed past the conductor , who was
waiting for the rear platform. The
passenger tried to Jump from the car ,
but found It Impossible because of the
Archer avenue bridge structure. Then
ho made a mad dash for the rear door ,
where the conductor met him with a
polite "Don't forget your change , sir. "
Last summer two llttlo girls In n
College avenue family were repeatedly
remonstrated with by their Indulgent
mother for playing bareheaded In the
sun. "You will be burned so badly , "
Bald she to them finally , "that people
will think you are black children. " Her
warning had little effect , however , and
she gave up trying to keep their hats
One day she sent them to a neighbor
a block or so distant to make some In
quiries concerning a washwoman. Mrs.
S. , the neighbor Irr question , mistook
them for the children of a Mrs. Black
who lived iii another street nearby.
"You are the llttlo Black children ,
are you not ? " she asked.
"Oh , no , " came the prompt response
from the elder. "Only sunburned. "
An AxilrittInn ,
There Is woe and whoa , and If woe
would only obey our whoa It would be
worth while driving. Milwaukee
llr Olic > Ml ( III * .Imluc ,
Over n Ki-oio of .VCIIIH ago .hulgo Fltz-
geuild WIIH appointed to the lit IK h of
the district that Includes i'lum and
I'ochlHc counties , In Arl/una. He found
on coming lo TIICHOII that foipimllty
wan almost unknown In the oomltooin.
If the da.\H weio vvaim , the atloinc/H
and attendants dispensed with coatn.
Thin to him appealed ptittlcularly din-
respectful , lie announced that Htnok-
Ing In the courtroom would not be tolerated
erated and that coals must bo worn
under pain of the court's dlsplcamirc.
The gfiuid Jury wan called. Among
the Juiors Hiimiuoned WIIH a hiavvtiy
miner , who appealed In bin usual eos-
ttime , a dink blue shlit and oveiullH.
"What do .vou mean , " tlmudoiid the
maglstiato , "by appealing In this court
room In .10111 stillt sleovoH ? Whole IH
"At homo , Judge , " mildly tot tit nod
"Then go mid get Hi No , not a woul ,
sir' ' " glailug down upon the man as
he attemptd to Hpcak. " < ! o homo and
got .votir coat , sir , or I'll commit you
foi contempt ! "
The miner wont silently out. Ho
didn't rctutn that day nor the no\t ,
and the Judge , after Issuing a bench
\\anant for him , HWoro In another
Juror About two weeks theieafler the
oilgltial miner , diossed IIH the com I de
manded , again stopped within Judge
Flt/gerald'H iiiugo of vision. To the
liato maglstiato ho lomletod the ex
planation that his homo and coat wore
both In llaishaw mountains , near the
Moviiaii bolder , ovei KM ) miles away ,
ami that ho htd but obc.vcd the onleis
of his honor In going home alter bin
coat.-Ail/oiia ( iiaphlc.
A < ( lllllllll-ll DfClHlllll.
"Ill the oaily dnjs of C < rur d'AIeno , "
said an old miner , " 1 wan woiKIng
with my pailneiH on a claim when wo
wire suddenly stailled bj pistol sholH
and , looking up , dlscoveied a man ly
ing piostialo on an adjoining claim ,
while bin assailant was Hi lug ( o OH
capo bj legging It to the best of hlH
allllt\ ) . Without stopping to plk up
( lie Injtiied man we gave hot chase lethe
the olio trying to escape , whom we
finally ovei hauled , eaptnied and haled
bofoio a Justice of the peace at MlH-
slon , Ida , the noniby town.
"There , as I remember II , It developed
od that It was an attempt at claim
Jumping and that the man who bad
done the shooting vvas the would be
Jumper. The evidence was all against
him , and woid came that the man who
had been shot laj all but within ( he
poitals of deatli the physician giving
it as his opinion that lie could last only
a few boms longer , .ind thcicupon the
famed justice of the peace ruidiied Ills
" ' 1 llnd you guilty of murder In the
first degree , ' said ho seveiely as ho
turned ( ovsaid the prisoner at the b'ir
'that Is , provided the victim dies , '
and so that decision stands to this
A \ CMNIMIJHTVonilcr ,
When you open up j ur niufipapor ,
It may cause you to feel some wonder
if jou know that In all probability
j'ouiH 'lie the Hist hands that have
ever touched ItH inside pages ' 1 ho
reason for tlii.s Is that thu pip < r Is
made fiom wood pulp. The woodman
cuts down a spmce tioo. It Is hauled
to the mill. Tbeie niaclilnerj stilpsolT
the liar If , reduces thu wood to pulp and
makes It Into papi r.
At eveiy linn cranes , lUrrkKs ,
chains , cogs , lolleis , steel tei th and
other mechanical contrivances keep the
material out of human hands. Thu
Immense rolls aie wound by machines ,
loaded Into car and wagon by ma
chinery , put Into piessioom and on
presses by other machinery and finally
printed and folded without having been
directly touched by any human hand.
This Is u mechanical marvel of to
day which IH no doubt duplicated In
other brandies of Industry. It IH very
striking In the newspaper Industry ,
which stands In the very front rank of
mechanical perfection. St. Louis Post-
No CUP Per Toe .
If shoes go on forever , why should
not our toes giovv together ? We have
no use for them. We can't manage
them. About oue man In 1,000 can
pull on his Intcrossel muscles and
spread out his toes. In the remaining
DiK ) these muscles are as dead as fiber.
They haven't been used since the In
fant stuck his lees In his mouth and
crooned a baby song without words.
If we wore mittens all the time , the
Individual control of our fingers would
be lost. We eat so much soft food
that we have scarcely any need of
teeth. Gums would answer every pur
pose , as mastication Is performed by
machinery before we begin a meal.
There are over 'MO distinct muscles In
the human body , of which the best of
us keep about 100 In prime condition
by proper use. New York Press.
HIP I'artlnir < 3u ' l.
"Is that clock right ? " he asked after
It had struck 11.
"Why ? " she answered.
"Because If It Is I shall have plenty
of time to catch the 11:30 : car. "
"I remember now , " she said , "that
the clock Is about 20 minutes slow
If you hurry , you will Just catch the
During the 20 minutes that he stood
on the corner he arrived at the painful
conclusion that she didn't really love
hlrn as he longed to be loved. Chicago
'roiiiinelntlon * .
IlawaliariH call their chief Islands
Ilah-vvvy-ee ; we say Hah-vvy ee. Oth
er piopor ways of giving well known
Hawaiian names are : O-ah-hu , no-no-
lulu , Mow-co ( Maul ) , Kovv aye ( Kaual ) ,
Nc-e-hovv ( Nllhaui , lire lo ( Ililo ) . La
liy-na ( Lahalnai , Ko hah la ( Kohala )
Vowels are as In Italian and deserve
much care , riawallans pay llttlo at-
I tcntton to consonants. Baltimore
New * .
YOU -MUST .NOT FORGET
Tlml uc'aro ronsiiintly Kmum in llio nrl of
making I1 me IMiolos , ami our products \vill nl-
\\JIH bo found lo I'liiliiiu'e I ho
and "Nowosl Styles in Cards and Kinish. We also
carry a line line of Moldings smlaUo for all
kinds of framing.
BIG OMAHA SHOWI
Illoocr , Hotter , More Gorgeous than Tver
SEPT. 11 TO 21
KING AK-SAR-BCN VII , * m > TMC nor.L
KNIGHTS OF AK-SAR-BEN
GRAND ORIENTAL CARNIVAL
[ very Day and Nifllil ! frco Entertainment all the limo
Grand IM > lllit ( ) I'.irailc Wednesday Alternwin , Septrmhrr Illth
Goryruiis llertrkiil I'aoeant Ihursday Ivcnlno , Scptrinlirr I'Jlli '
II > IU\S Ml I MO.I tl I l > H 1 I Ml SIMM SM IM < *
DEDUCED 1 AT 1 = 9 ON AUU ROADS
M } [ AND TIC
ANDBRQNCi ! Ha
CfllflRRHflL AND '
win IB TO DR. A. H. KHLLER
CHEMICAL COMPANY AND
Sioi A KAI.J.H , 9. I ) , Km rt 11.1 > PI i MAiio ; <
Or kcllir , 5pcclillit In None , Ilirout I i
uml Klilno lllsrmr * \ \ < I < " ! ris inJ w Mi , i
In i - I i > cni
THERE IS A SATIS
FACTION IN USING
DIAMOND ' 'C" SOAP
I'lIC SATISFACTION THAT
COMCS FROM LI > S WOHK ,
I.HSSOHHY. . .SMOOTHER
\NDS A N D CLEANER
CI.O I lies . . . , . . a o
CBlnloguc . '
300 | iitniiiiina/
* rhat mny be
, wiapjici8 ,
Cm rushed fice
Stnd jour nome
on a postal card
rind \M > will
mail jou the
PREMIUM. DEPT. .
THE GUDAHY PACKING
SOUTH OMAHA. NEB.
Anyone tending n sketch and dcccrimlon inny
quickly usrurlaln our ui'iiunii frto wmllur HII
tnvmitlnii In prolmMy imlnitalilo roiimmiiira
tumimtrlctlycrmtliloiitliil llamtbookun I'atonta
frco , olili'nt iivpiicy fur rtnirliiK I'ati'iit
I'atenti taken tfiruuth Munn A Co. receive
tjicd.il nolkf , without ctmruo , la the
A handiomrly llluMratcHl weekly I arernt dr.
rulatluii of any i-oleiitlBo jnuriml. It-ring , 13 a
yrari four luoiittm , IL Boitl tiyull nowd ( < aler .
i Office. C F bU WMbluvlou , I > . C.
Alcdical Opinion In regard to
\n uliloi of a muliral journal
" ) A II Kcllcr'HSylvunO/onti
oil CM il liy thu lr A II Kullcr
( llitniiie al ( 'ompimy IIH u ctiiu for
CoiiHUiiiptKiii , Anthiiia , liioiuthitis ,
I lay I'ouir , Ciitniili , CmigliH ,
< ! OIH ! | and nil dihcuwH of ( ho uir
piiHhiigoH ThiH we know to ho a
goiiumu Hpc ( illo lor Hit HO com-
plulntH , mid IIH KUI h , entitled to
inn eonlliloncii and that of our
" ( Mono examination into the
prmttiul rtmiltBhirh huvo been
iind from ihi ! IIMI of thm niniedy
linn ciuiHcd IIH to ( > ndniH ( ! it IIH ho-
ing nn undoulittd otiro for thu
almvn inliiicntH , cllrctunl in re
moving the exciting CIIIIHO in a
iiiiinliei of uHnrlvHlnch hud been
of the HcveicHt and most tedious
( lunar let Jr \ II ICellor'H Hyl-
MIII O/ono jM'iniiiiiently lostored
liuilth and in ( usi n wliii h were
of u milder < li hi iiptlnn IH ( use 1111-
mediately allordi d nlit-f "
Kansas City , St. Louis ' . 'I '
THE FAMOUS HOT SPRINGS
and all I'omtH South and Southeast.
Fast Tune and Superior Through Ser-
vreo Hwlrnrng Obarr Cars ( seats free ) .
Pullnmn Builot blcoprng Curs.
For pamphlets and full information
pertarnrug to above territory , cull on or
J. 0. nilLLUTI , AV. C. KAKNES ,
A ( I K ami P. A. , T. I' . A.
Sontheaet Car. lltli and Dongas 8ts.
"Less of your Courtesy , t
More of your Purse. "
Even In these days sandbagging
methods are sometimes em
ployed In business
They don't pay. however
An honest business , honestly
conducted and persistently ad
vertised will win sure In the
Without advertising It Is
doubtful Advertising is the one
thing most necessary
What of VOUR business ?
Arc you advertising U properly
Can't we help you )
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