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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 17, 1911)
VALUE. OF DUST IliUlCH
Many Crops in Time of Drought
j ; Saved by Method.
Fertility of Soil , Although Absolutely
Necessary , Is Not a Bit More Need
ed Than the Proper Amount
Ordinarily when one thinks of the
.conditions that are imperative to
'insure ' the production of a farm
crop of any kind that may be grown ,
, he thinks of the fertile soil as the
imost Important of all. And it Is , of
'course ' , absolutely necessary that a
soil with abundant plant food be
'planted on to get a crop.
But the soil , or rather the plant
ifood , although absolutely necessary ,
It is not a bit more so than the
[ needed amount of moisture , says a
'writer ' In the Farm Progress.
Fortunately water is in sufficient
supply as a rule to make the ordi
nary crops on most of the arable
land. Of course , in the arid regions
the water supply is obtained from
streams created mainly by melting
- snows , and as a rule , the irrigation
\ companies know just about what
water can be supplied , and the man
who has a farm on which he can put
water from an irrigation plant Is far
more certain of results than one who
gets his water supply by the acts of
The irrigation farmer is therefore
far more certain as to the outcome of
his crops than those in the rain belt ,
who get little or much water , accordIng -
Ing to the rainfall.
The water supply is therefore the
most uncertain and most important
in the greater portion of the arable
lands of this country. This is so well
known that no farmer who has
farmed on irrigated land , having an
abundance of water , is willing to go
back to the old method and jmt his
dependence on "Providence. "
It is a most important point to
! / known whether , under normal condi
tions , farming in any humid section
can be as safe , free from risk , and
profitable as the business can be
made when one can turn on the
water as he needs without reference
I think that all farmers who have
studied the water question in connec
tion wila crop making , will agree
with me , that a great deal can be
done to conserve the moisture from
all natural sources , and that often a
fairly good crop can be made by
It is hardly safe to say that the
rainfall that is usual in the spring is
sufficient to make a crop without
more rain , but all observant men
have learned that the rational con
servation of moisture can often make
good crops , when by the neglect of
this , they will be certain to cause a
This is a very important point , and
In some seasons it is absolutely vital
to the making of a fair crop. There is
no mystery about this ; the point to
keep in mind is to prevent evapora
tion of the water from the soil.
It cannot be done entirely ; much
water will evaporate in spite of us ,
and much will go on down below the
reach of plant roots ; but in seasons
or only ordinary drought It Is possi
ble to conserve enough moisture to
make a fair crop of corn , tobacco , po
tatoes and other hoed crops.
The "dust mulch , " or blanket of
finely pulverized soil on the surface ,
say three to four inches deep , will
stop the waste of water almost en
tirely. In fact , if the soil is kept
stirred on the surface quite often , it
may be truthfully said that all the
moisture may be kept in the ground
for the use of the crops.
Of course , we can never tell at the
neginning of the season whether it is
going to be a wet season or a dry
one , but if a man cultivates with
reference to keeping the moisture in
the soil , it will be all the better in
case of a very wet season , and it may
be the salvation of the crop in case
of severe drought. So it Is wise to
keep this in mind.
It is therefore very important for
one to plant no more land than he
can cultivate perfectly , and always
in a dry season to keep the soil
stirred to a depth of two or three
Inches. No matter whether the culti
vation is actually needed or not ,
stirring as often as possible a few
inches of the surface will stop the
escape as absolutely as a cover of
Those who doubt this method of
saving crops from suffering by
drought should try this method
thoroughly. It takes labor , but It
may save the crops. I know from ex
Temporary Pasture on Good Land.
The Cornell station recommends
'the following for a temporary pasture
on good land : Timothy , 10 pounds ;
red .clover , S pounds ; alsike clover , 4
pounds. Four pounds of red top may
oe added to the above for land that
Is wet or sour. For a permanent
pasture on good land the following
seeds should be sown : Timothy , S
pounds ; red top , 4 pounds ; Canadian
blue grass , 4 pounds ; red clover , 6
'pounds ; alsike clover , 3 pounds ; white
clover , 1 pound.
Planting Fall Celery.
' Celery makes most of its growth
during September and October , and
! 1C you can get plants ol these vari
eties out in July and August , and a
iTOot system started , the chances are
jpood for a crop.
BARE FALLOW IN ARID "REAS
Experiments at Indian Head Show
Possible Yields That May Be Ob
tained on Fallow Land.
The experiments conducted at In
dian Head , Sask. , at the government
experiment station , show in a very
striking manner the possible yields
that may be obtained from growing
wheat on fallow land under dry condi
tions. The figures submitted below
cover a period of 20 years. They are
field returns , which are always
smaller than returns from plats.
The period covered begins with 1891
and ends with 1910. The average
yield of red fife spring wheat for the
said period was 32.95 bushels. The
'average ' precipitation during the en
tire period was 13.09 inches annually.
This , however , does not Include the
snowfall , hence so far the record Is
incomplete. But the snow fall at In
dian Head Is usually light.
In 1892 on a rainfall of 6.92 inches
the yield was 28.20 bushels. In 1894
on a rainfall of 3.9 inches it was 17.5
bushels , and in 1899 on a rainfall of
9.44 Inches the yield was 33.20 bush
During the same years the oat crop
on summer fallowed land gave an av
erage of 82.33 bushels per acre. Dur
ing three of those years it went over
the one hundred bushel mark. In
1903 , on a rainfall of 15.55 inches , it
was 119.2 bushels per acre. These
facts are very striking. They show
what may be expected in dry areas of
the semi-arid northwest where the
best of cultivation is given to the land.
In 1892 , on a rainfall of 6.92 inches ,
the yield was 51.6 busheds. In 1894
on a rainfall of 3.9 inches it was 34
bushels , and in 1899 on a rainfall of
9.44 inches It was 84 bushels.
It should be stated , however , that
the returns in wheat were not exactly
proportionate to the precipitation. In
1900 , for instance , with a precipitation
of 17.74 inches the yield of wheat was
only 17.49 bushels , and in 1907 with a
rainfall of 13.17 inches the yield was
18 bushels per acre. Other factors ,
therefore , play an important part in
determining yields in dry areas.
It should also be borne in mind that
the yields given relate to crops grown
on summer fallow land. This would
mean that a return of 16.48 bushels
was the return for each year in wheat ,
and that 41.16 bushels was the return
in oats. The one crop grown in two
years would involve considerably less
labor than two crops grown in the
same period. The summer fallowing
of the land also prevents it from be
coming foul with weeds.
PREVENT LOSS OF MOISTURE
Evaporation in Month From Bare Stub
ble Fields Is Equal to Five Inches
Loss of moisture from stubble fields
left bare after harvest is each month
eQual to five inches of rainfall so long
as there is moisture left to evaporate.
Plowed ground left loose , neither har
rowed nor packed will , in hot , windy
weather , lose in 24 hours sufficient
moisture to equal one inch of rain
fall. Take Professor Ten Eyck's ex
periences in the efficiency of moisture ,
the loss in a month from bare stubble
fields of moisture is equal to five
inches of rainfall and is a loss capable
of producing ten bushels of wheat.
Stubble fields often lay bare two or
three months after harvest , many
growers thus losing each season suffi
cient moisture to double their yield of
Following the binder with the disk
harrow , driving close to the binder , in
the space between the machine and
the last row of bundles , produces a
soil that checks evaporation. Made
immediately after the grain is cut ,
there is no loss of moisture at all.
Farmers short of teams can wait until
the grain is cut and then can disk the
ground around the shocks , or in the
stubble following the header. This
not only stops evaporation , but puts
tbe ground in fine condition for plow
ing later on.
Moisture goes rapidly out of fresh
ly plowed ground , left loose. Harrow
attachments are made for the plows
which pulverize the furrow as soon
as it is made , creating a mulch on the
freshly plowed surface that stops
much of the evaporation. Some farm
ers take one section of a harrow , tie
an extra horse to the plow team and
let him draw the harrow over the
fresh turned furrows. This is an eco
nomical method and the land gets
harrowed two to four times. Other
wheat growers unhitch from the plow
before noon and then harrow what
has been plowed , say up to 11 o'clock ,
following the same plan in the after
noon , so that each half day's plowing
is harrowed immediately after plow
Liberal Feeding Best.
No matter how good a cow may be
so far as breed is concerned , she can
not be expected to give in her product
what she does not get in her food. In
a general way , then , economical milk
production means liberal but not
Apples to Germany.
During 1910 the United States ex
ported 50,289 barrels and 72,311 boxes
of apples to Hamburg , Germany.
American apples are much appreci
ated in Germany and are bought by
all classes of people.
When we see the vast difference in
the cost of milk production of differ
ent farmers , we are forced to'admit
that the greatest problem before thtf
producer is the study of economic pro
SENT- FROM FRANCE
DAINTIES THAT HAVE HIGH
PLACE ACROSS THE WATER.
Roast Beef Marseillaise Is a New Waj
to Serve the Roast Perfection
of a la Mode Sweetbread
Roast Beef Marseillaise. Have the
ribs of a two rib roast removed and
roast dressed up to retain the juices.
Many persons prefer the bones left on ,
aiid while it is harder to cut this way ,
it makes a juicier bite. Put half a cup
of olive oil into a pan and heat it.
Then add the meat , well salted and
peppered , cooking either rare or well
done as preferred. The French way is
well done , but that goes according to
Make a sauce as follows : Mince
three onions and color in oil , simmer
ing until tender. When slightly brown
add two tablespoons ot vinegar , a teaspoon -
spoon of mustard , salt and pepper and
a half pint of well flavored stock of
bouillon. Boil for three minutes and
pour over the roast , serving in a deep
Beef a la Mode. Have a juicy piece
of top sirloin cut for this purpose and
have it larded with salt pork. Brown
in an iron pot , using butter and bacon
mixed. When the meat is brown add
a soup bouquet , two cloves of garlic
and a large onion , whole ; adding also
a calf's foot , split in several pieces.
This makes the gravy gelatinous. Add
enough water to cover , then set on the
back of the stove , simmering at the
boiling point , but do not allow to bub
ble , as that extracts all the juice and
makes the meat dry and unpalatable.
It should be soft and full of juice.
About half an. hour before it is done
add some small carrots. Some per
sons add potatoes , but beef a la mode ,
according to the French style , has no
potatoes , these being cooked on the
side. It is just as good cold , sliced
with the gravey jellied , served on the
platter. The gravy should be strained ,
eliminating the onions and any spices
that may be floating loose.
Sweetbread Cutlets. Wash , parboil ,
and simmer for 20 minutes one pair of
sweetbreads , adding a slice of onion ,
one of lemon and a bg.y leaf , with a
teaspoon of 'salt. Drain well and
when ceol remove the skin and mem
brane and cut in large slices. Make a
sauce with four tablespoons of butter ,
six tablespoons of flour and one cup
of milk , season well with salt , pepper
and lemon juice. Cool this also and
then put two slices of meat together
with sauce , coating it well. Bread and
fry like croquettes and serve with
green peas or a Creole sauce.
Creole Sauce. Cut in pieces one
small onion and two or three green
peppers ( after removing seeds ) , and
fry slowly in butter. When tender add
several tomatoes ( also cut in pieces )
and cook ten minutes longer. Season
well and serve very hot.
Lemon Ginger Made at Home.
Pour over six lemons , sliced thin ,
two gallons of cold water. Add a
pound and a half of sugar and a scant
ounce of ginger root. Let come to a
boil , then add a tablespoonful of cream
of tartar. Strain , set in a cold place
and when nearly cool add a yeast cake
dissolved in a little lukewarm water.
Stir thoroughly , set in a cool place
over night and in the morning bottle
well , cork air-tight and lay the bottles
tles on their sides in a cool place.
Do not use until they have been laid
away at least two days.
' Asparagus tips ( fresh or canned )
Eerfred in cases made of rolls are ex
cellent. Cut the tops from the rolls ,
remove the crumbs from each , and
dry them in the oven.-Make a sauce
of < > ne cupful of milk , one heaping
tablespoon of butter , one egg , add
salt and/pepper / to taste , then add to
it tvvo cupfuls of chopped asparagus
tips , cooked until tender. Fill the
hollow rolls with the mixture , replace
the covers and serve hot.
For Ironing Stand.
Many housekeepers of experience
still cling to the iron or the asbestos
rest lor flatirons. An ordinary brick
is far more satisfactory , as it is a non
conductor of heat , and an iron resting
on it does not cool off as quickly as
when on iron or other substance.
Parker House Corn Cake.
.Mix one cup flour , one cup Indian
meal , one and one-half teaspoons
cream of tartar , one teaspoon soda
and a little salt together. Then mix
one egg and one cup warm milk to
gether , then pour in dry mixture.
Beat well and bake.
Two eggs , one-half cup butter , one
and one-half cups sugar , one-half tea
spoon soda , one teaspoon cream of tar
tar , one teaspoon lemon extract and
thinly sliced citron to taste. Flour to
make as thick as cup cake.
Roll five or six lettuce leaves
lengthwise tightly , then crosswise
once , and cut into narrow strips with
a sharp knife , and you have long , nar-
dow fibers that make a most novel
and p'retty garnish.
To Brown a Crust.
If the top of a pie is brushed with a
little rich cream before baking , the
crust will be more attractive. A light
sprinkling of granulated sugar ovei
the craam produces an even richer
HE HAD THEM IN A CORNER
Clergyman's Rebuke to Thoughtless
Youths at Once Neat and
A well-known clergyman was one
day in a barber's shop , when four or
five young men walked in whom he
knew by their voices , but who did not
recognize the man in the chair , with
lather all over his face. They pro
ceeded to spend the time by telling
stories and using expressions which ,
to say the least , were rather strong.
When the barber pulled away the
towel the clergyman , cleanly shaved ,
stood before them. So nonplussed
were they that aio one tried to take
the vacant chair , and the barber
called several times "Next gentle
man ! Next gentleman ! "
The clergyman smiled somewhat
grimly as he said :
"It isn't a bit of use , John. There's
not a man here who has the effront
ery to answer to that name. "
NEW STRENGTH FOR BAD BACKS.
Those who suffer with backache ,
headache , dizziness and that constant ,
dull , tired feeling will find comfort in
the advice of Mrs. C. S. Tyler , Cando ,
N. Dak. , who says :
"My back became
terribly sore and
lame. I was tired
and restless and
would arise so ex
hausted I could
scarcely dress. The
were terribly annoy
ing and my feet be
came so swollen I
could not wear my shoes. Nothing
helped me until I began using Doan-'s
Kidney Pills. They gave me prompt
relief and in a short time I was entire
ly cured. "
Remember the name Doan's.
For sale by druggists and general
storekeepers everywhere. Price 50c.
Foster-Milburn Co. , Buffalo , N. Y.
"Where on earth do those flies come
from ? " is a frequent and despairing
They may come down the chimneys ,
if the fireplaces have tipping dampers.
These should be tightly closed in fly-
time. An appreciable falling off in
their number will be the result.
If the chimneys have not the tip
ping damper , a screen such as is used
for a window can be fitted into the
fireplace ; or , easier still , a bundle of
paper may be stuffed up the chimney.
Either method is successful , and no
trouble is too great to get rid of these
A New Ointment.
Mother was sick , and Janet , four
years old , had heard the doctor say
that she had ptomaine poisoning.
A short time later Janet was heard
confiding to one of her playmates :
"Mamma's sick. She's got toe-nail
TO KEEP THE SKIN CLEAR
For more than a generation , Cuti-
cura Soap and Cuticura Ointment have
done more for pimples , blackheads
and other unsightly conditions of the
complexion , red , rough , chapped
hands , dandruff , itching , scaly scalps ,
and dry , thin and falling hair than any
other method. They do even more for
skin-tortured and disfigured infants
and children. Although Cuticura Soap
and Ointment are sold by druggists
and dealers throughout the world , a
liberal sample of each , with 32-page
book on the care of the skin and hair
will be sent post-free , on application
to "Cuticura , " Dept. 22 L , Boston.
Plenty of Stability.
A western mining prospector was
paying his first visit to New York.
"What do you think of it ? " asked
the proud Gothamite as he pointed
out the skyscrapers.
"Wall , " replied the miner , "it looks
like a permanent camp all right. "
Important to Mothers
Examine carefully every bottle of
CASTORIA , a safe and sure remedy Ser
infants and children , and see that it
In Use For Over 30 Years.
Children Cry for Fletcher's Castoria
A sordid love of money is certainly
a very senseless thing , for the mind
much occupied with it is blind to ev
erything else. Diphilus.
Mrs. "WlnsloTv's Booming Syrup for Children
teething- , softens the grams , reduces Inflamma
tion , allays pain , cures wind colic. 25c a bottle.
For the son of man there is no
noble crown , but a crown of thorns.
HAD CAUGHT THEM.
He ( after he had kissed her ) My !
what's tfcat noise back of us ?
She I guess papa's trying his new
motion picture machine.
Jugend tells this story : "In the lower
court of a small town in Saxony Wil
liam had served faithfully and well
as attendant to the presiding judge
for many years without ever having
received any reward aside from his
legal stipend. On the day of adjourn
ment for the season , when visitors
had retired , the judge , who was also
about to leave , asked : 'William , do
you smoke ? " Seeing a square box un
der the judge's arm , he answered re
spectfully : 'Yes , your honor. ' 'I
knew it by the smell of your coat , '
said the judge , as he walked out. "
BEAUTIFUL POST CARDS FREE
Send 2c stamp for five samples of my very choic
est Gold Embossed Birthday , Flower and Motto
Post Cards ; beautiful colors and loveliest designs.
Art Post Card Club , 7J1 Jackson St. , Topeka , Kansas
The man who plays poker for pas
time usually passes more or less
coin over to the other fellow.
SALTS.OR RLLS.AS FT SWEETENS AND CLEANSES THE SYSTEM MORE EFFICIENTLY AND
IS FAR MORE PLEASANT TO TAKE.
IS THE IDEAL FAMILY LAXATIVE , AS
IT GIVES SATISFACTION TO ALL , IS
ALWAYS BENEFICIAL IN ITS EFFECTS
< AND PERFECTLY SAFE AT ALL TIMES.
Tft E N AME
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
in tfie Circle ,
.on everur Package of the Genuine.
/AM , RELIABLE DRUGGISTS SELL THE ORIGINAL AND
GENUINE WHEN CALLED FOR , ALTHOUGH THEY COULD
MAKE A LARGER PROFIT BY SELLING INFERIOR PREPARA
TIONS , YET THEY PREFER TO SELL THE GENUINE. BECAUSE
IT IS RIGHT TO DO SO AND FOR THE GOOD OF THEIR
CUSTOMERS. WHEN IN NEED OF MEDICINES , SUCH
' CONTAINS SIX
DRUGGISTS ARE'THE ONES TO DEAL WITH , AS YOUR CENT. OF AI.COHO
LIFE OR HEALTH MAY AT SOME T1ME.DEPEN0 UPON
THEIR SKILL AND RELIABILITY
NotetfeFoffNameof the Gompan
CALIFORNIA FKTSYRUP CO
PRINTED STRAIGHT ACROSS.NEAR THE BOTTOM. AND IN
THE C1RCLENEAR THE TOP OF EVERY PACKACE.OFTHE
GENUINE. ONE SIZE ONLY , FOR SALE BY ALL LEADING
DRUGGISTS. REGULAR PRICE 50c PER BOTTLE. , OF PACKAGE
SYRUP OF FIGS AND ELIXIR OF SENNA IS THE ONLY PERFECT FAMILY LAXATIVE.
'BECAUSE IT IS THE ONE REMEDY WHICH ACTS IN A NATURAL , STRENGTHENING WAY
AND CLEANSES THE SYSTEM , WITHOUT UNPLEASANT AFTER-EFFECTS AND WITHOUT
IRRITATING , D5BILJTATING OR GRIPING , AND THEREFORE DOES NOT INTERFERE IN ANT
WAY WITH BUSINESS OR PLEASURE. IT IS RECOMMENDED BY MILLIONS OF WELLV
INFORMED FAMILIES , WHO KNOW OF ITS VALUE FROM PERSONAL WSE. TO GET TO
BENEFICIAL EFFECTS ALWAYS BUY THE GENUINE ; MANUFACTURED BY THE
CALIFORNIA FIG SYRUP CO.
FOR w wmfw w ryva DISTEMPER
PINK EYE CATARRHAL FEVER
AND ALL NOSE
AND THROAT DISEASES
Cures the skin and acts as a preventive for others. Liquid Riven on
the tongue. Safe for brood mareo and all others. Best kidney remedy ; 50
cents and 31.00 a bottle ; ? 5.00 and $10.00 the dozen. Sold by all druggists
and horse goods houses , or Bent express paid , by the manufacturer * .
SPOHN MEDICAL CO. , Chemists , GOSHEN , INDIANA
W. L. DOUGLAS
* 2,50$3.00S3.50&$4.00 SHOES
, , . , . .
WOMEN wear WJLDougla * stylish , perfect
fitting , easy walking boots , because they give
long wear , same as W.L.Douglas Men's shoes.
THE STANDARD OF QUALITY
FOR OVER 30 YEARS
The workmanship which has madeW.L.
Douglas shoes famous the world over is
maintained in every pair.
If I could take you into my large factories
at Brockton , Mass. , and show you how
carefully W.L-Douglas shoes are made , you
would then understand why they are war
ranted to hold their shape , fit better and
wear longer than any olhermake for the price
CAUTIflN Tlie genuine have W. L. Douglas
unuuuil name and price stamped on bottom
If you cannot obtain W. "L. Douglas shoes In"
your tovrn , write for catalog. Shoes sent direct OKE PAIR of my BOYS' 92,92.50 or
from factory to wearer , all charges prepaid. "W.t. S3.OO SHOES -will positively outwear
DOUGLAS , 145 Spark St. , Brockton , Mass. TWO PAIRS of ordinary boys' slices
WELCOME WORDS TO WOMEN
Women who suffer with disorders peculiar to their
sex should write to Dr. Pierce and receive free the
advice of a physician of over 40 years' experience
a skilled and successful specialist in the diseases
of women. Every letter of this sort has the most
careful consideration and is regarded as sacredly
confidential. Many sensitively modest women write
fully to Dr. Pierce what they would shrink from
telling to their local physician. The local physician
is pretty sure to say that he cannot do anything
without "an examination. " Dr. Pierce holds that
these distasteful examinations are generally need
less , and that no woman , except in rare cases , should submit to them *
Dr. Pierce's treatment -mil cure you right In the privacy of
your own home. His " Favorite Prescription" has cared
hundreds of thousands , some of them the vrorst of cases *
It is the only medicine of its kind that is the product of a regularly graduated
physician. The only one good enough that its makers dare to print its every
ingredient on its outside wrapper. There's no secrecy. It will bear examina
tion. No alcohol and no habit-forming drugs are found in it. Some unscrup
ulous medicine dealers may offer you a substitute. Don't take it. Don't trifle
with your health. Write to World's Dispensary Medical Association , Dr. R.
V. Pierce , President , Buffalo , N. Y. , take the advice received and be well.
Make the Liver
Do its Duty
Nine times in ten when the liver isf
right the stomach and bowels are right ,
gently butfirmly com ;
pel a lazy liver CARTERS
do its duty.
Cures Con ITTLE
stipation , In IYER
digestida , PILLS.
and Distress After Eating.
SMALL PILL , SMALL DOSE , SMALL PRIGV
Genuine must bear Signature
lo'Yva State Fair
DABS trwU nd kill , ill
flUi. Ncit , ctoin.
ornamental , conrra-
Iratcheip. Lull all
| IUB. Can * tf pill or
tip OTer. will not toiler
or injure anythiaz.
i Guaranteed e&ecl-
sent prepaid for Me.
ISO Da Kalb AT * .
Brooklyn , Jf. I.
Kor the treatment of Chronic Ulcurs , Hone
Ulcors.Hcrof nlous Ulcers , Varicose UlcorSrln-
dolcntUlcer , MercurlalUlcereWhltoSivell-
Inc ; , Milk L.ecr. Fever Sores , all old sores.Very
Kiirccssfnl. JBv mail GO cents. J. 1 * . AI KJT
MEDICINE CO. , Dept.A7 , St. 1'uul , Minn.
W. N. U. , SIOUX CITY , NO. 33-1911.
Sioux City Directory
A GOOD TRUNK
size for 15.00. No dealer's proflt
to pay. Maker to user. Secure
ly packed and shipped FREB.
AMKOKY TRCtX FACT02Y. Sta Gtf. kwj
KODAKS AND KODAK FINISHING
Hail orders given special attention.
All kinds amateur supplies strictly
fresh. Send for catalog.
ZIMMERMAN BROTHERS. Sioux City. Iowa
Established 30 Years
Floral emblems and cut flowers for all
occasions. SIOUX CITY , IOWA
It } Thompson's EytWafir
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