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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 16, 1911)
INITIATIVE AND REFERENDUM AP
PROVED BY SENATE.
FOR ANOTHER NORMAL SCHOOL
Southwestern Nebraska Representa
tives Are Again at Work on a
Bill to Establish a Normal
in That Section.
'The Nebraska state senate recom
mended the initiative and referendum
hill for passage Tuesday afternoon
.after a session , devoted largely to ora-
; tory. The bill was discussed in com-
'mittce of the whole and after minor
changes was ordered engrossed for a
-third reading. Friends of the measure
: toodi shoulder to shoulder and suc-
vceed-ed in votings down all radical
Skiles of Butler , the introducer of
the bill , championed the measure ,
-while Albert of Platte opposed some
of its provisions and proposed refer
ring it to a committee to digest the
many proposed amendments. Placek
of Saunders offered several amend
ments which the introducer of the
Tbill opposed and they were defeated.
.Petitions Against Sunday Baseball.
A bunch of petitions against Sun-
-flfay baseball were introduced in the
senate Monday , all of the papers be
ing ; referred to the judiciary commit
tee , which had the bill in charge. A
-petition to Senator Pickens was head
ed by E. S. Burr of Carleton , a peti
tion to Senator Skiles was headed by
W. Cady of Pleasantdale , a petition to
. .Senator Cox of Hamilton had the name
of the Rev. A. V. Wilson of Ong at
the top , one to Senator J. A. Cox was
headed by B. A. McVey of Stockman ,
the petition addressed to Senator Var
ner came from J. A. Dorens of Madi
son and others. Senator C. E. Smith
received two petitions , one from G.
W. Stone and others of Exeter , and
-one from R. A. Smith and others of
York. A petition to Senators Selleck
and Brown of Lancaster was headed
by the name of J. D. Priest of Normal ,
while the last of the bunch of peti
tions addressed to Senator McGrew
' 5iad the name of C. H. Shader of
Bloomington at the beginning.
Southwest Wins a Point.
Eastman's agricultural bill has re
ceived votes enough in the house to
indicate that it will pass that body
on third reading. This bill , appropriat
ing : $100,000 for another agricultural
school in the southwest , was put to
sleep twice , but because of a parlia
mentary mistake was so located that
its friends could bring it up again.
Expense of Guaranty Law.
Governor Aldrich has -prepared a
special message to submit to the legis
lature. It is said to contain informa
tion in regard to the needs of the
state banking board to enforce the
guaranty of deposits act. The gover
nor will ask for twelve state bank ex-
.aminers instead of the five or six now
-on duty. The salaries and expenses of
the twelve examiners will reach $25-
000 a year. If the legislature amends
-the Jaw so as to eliminate that part
which requires examiners to verify
notes and other assets in banks , eight
or nine examiners will be able to do
For Another formal School.
Undaunted by the possible defeat
-of their favorite , the Eastman agri
cultural school bill , southwestern
Nebraska representatives , it is said ,
-will make an effort to land a normal
school for that section of the state.
In case such a bill comes up it is
c nticipated by enthusiasts of the
probable measure that no effort will
"be made to continue the fight onthe
Building Trades Unions Pleased.
The senate committee has recommended -
mended for passage Reagan's bill.
Senate File No. 16 , controlling the
-safeguards to be afforded workmen
-on modern buildings , for the general
-file. About fifteen members of the
" "building trades unions were present.
They applauded the action of the com
mittee and thanked Reagan. The bill
-was indorsed by all the building
-grades unions in the state.
Certain members of the legislature
liave in contemplation the introduc
tion of an anti-tipping measure similar -
-ilar to that now in force in a number
"of the eastern states. The proposed
law , it is said , will embody practically
the same phases as the laws of those
states. One representative , in speak
ing of the matter , said that in his
mind the need of such legislation is
becoming more and more apparent
daily , and asserted that the time is ,
ripe for the passage of such a bill.
pr. J. P. Lord , superintendent , and
T3r. H. W. Orr , assistant superintend
ent of the Nebraska Orthopedic hos
pital , desire raises in salaries for those
two positions. The superintendent at
-present gets $1,400 a year and the'
assistant $1300. ; They have suggest-
"G l $2,000 -adequate compensation
for- the superintendent and $1,800 as
-proper for the assistant. They also :
"believe the-cpmpensation of some of
the nurses should be 'increased. They
. .appeared'hef ore thu finance , ways and
? T.S - committee . .to ' urge these in-
* yvy *
BIG JOB FOR LEGISLATURE IP
WE. LOSE CONGRESSMAN.
Lincoln , Neb. Considerable inter
est has been aroused among members
of the legislature by the information
from Washington that the new con
gressional apportionment will be
made at this session of congress. This
will give the present legislature the
job of restricting the state for con
gressional purposes as well as for
state legislative purposes. If Nebras
ka is to lose one congressman , as
seems probable from the information
that the apportionment is to be made
on the basis pf the present size of
congress , a considerable change in
boundaries will be inevitable.
Investigate Medical School.
A motion was passed instructing
the university removal investigating
committee to also take cognizance of
the dual medical school now being
suported by the state , half of it in
Omaha and half in Lincoln , to see
whether it considered it profitable for
the state to maintain its medical de
partment. Holmes of Douglas could
not understand the motion. He be
lieved it affected one of the largest
cities in the state and wanted the mo
tion laid over a day while he looked
into it. The speaker ruled against
him and the motion was passed.
Hard On the Short Weights.
Senate File No. 195 , by Reynolds , a
bill introduced at the request of the
pure food commission , is designed to
strike a death blow at the short
weight dealer in this state.
The commissioner is made the state
sealer of weights and measures. It is
provided that all weights and meas
ures shall be inspected by the com
mission or its deputies. The usual
standards of weights are included , the
national bureau of standards system
of measures adopted , the metric sys
tem legalized and a number of com
modities are specifically included in
the bushel weight list.
The second annual session of the
Nebraska conservation and state de
velopment congress is to be held in
Lincoln , February 23 and 24. The
congress is to-discuss the state's re
sources , including the state's people ,
and the proper development of the
resources ; to promote co-operation
between country and town , and to
encourage the development of home
manufactures , trade and commerce
for the purpose of supplementing the
rapid development in agriculture.
The officers of the association are
G. E. Condra , president ; W. G.Whit-
more , vice president ; W. R. Mellor ,
secretary ; W. S. Whitten , chairman
Retailers Have a Bill.
Jake Yungblut of Lincoln has been
busy in the lobbies of the legislature
for the past two weeks. He has been
designated by the retailers of the
city and state to look. after the in
terests of a bill which was introduced
by Bushee of Kimball county in the
house , himself a retailer. The bill
provides that the exemption law cov
ering $500 of personal property of
the head of a family shall not apply
to wages. The bill seeks to give the
retailers some way of collecting bills
for goods sold on .credit to consum
ers. The retailers say that now they
have no recourse if the consumer who
owes a bill at a retail store refuses
Must Take Ten Gallons.
The first liquor bill to come to a
vote in a senate committee " was
recommended for passage , Varner's
bill prohibiting the sale of home-made
wine , without a license , in less quan
tities than ten gallons being recom
mended by the following vote :
For : Selleck , Kemp , Brown , Hoag-
land , Kemp , Varner , Albert.
Against : Bartos , Reagan , Horton ,
Placek , Skiles.
Changes in Bank Law.
A lengthy bill contemplating sever
al radical changes in the state bank
guaranty law was introduced in the
house Monday afternoon. The law
has recently been declared constitu
tional , but has not been put into oper
ation. The bill is said to come from
state and national bankers. It was in
troduced by Bonham of Jefferson and
Minor of Lancaster.
May Still Ride in Automobiles.
As recommended for passage in the
senate Lee's bill 'prohibiting the use
of convej'ances for voters on election
day , primary or general , has been
emasculated so that it has little force.
The bill still permits political com
mittees to employ conveyances only
if he consents to the use of convey
ances on his own account.
On resolution by Banning , President
Hopewell appointed a senate commit
tee to join with a house committee to
draft a joint road bill. The senate
committee is Volpp , Skiles and Mc-
Grew. This joint committee will elim
inate the consideration of a host of
bills by the two houses. .
The initiative and referendum bill
svill not be threshed out at once , as at
first intended. At a conference of
house democrats it was decided to
postpone action for the purpose of
giving them the opportunity to dis-
3uss the bill in caucus with a view to
irriving at some form of bill that all
an agree to. There are a great va
riety of opinions as to the subject
matter of this proposed amendment to
the constitution and some of them
ivere given a pretty thorough airing
xt the conference.
ANOTHER MAN PLANS TO SHOOT NIAGARA FALLS
"Bobby" Leach of Niagara Falls , Ontario , is making his preparations for an attempt to shoot the Falls of
Niagara without losing his life. He intends to make the terrific leap in the Mitchell lifeboat , a specially de
signed craft that is believed to be strong enough to withstand the tremendous shock and strain to which it will
IDEAS OF MORALITY
Anthropologist Talks of Primitive
Religion Has No Natural Connection
With Morals As Is Often Sup
posed Incest Cannot Be
Based on Reason.
Berkeley , Cal. Addressing the Phi
losophical Union on the subject of
"Moral Theory and Practice In Prim
itive Life , " Prof. A. L. Kroeber of San
Francisco , head of the department of
anthropology at the university , an
nounced a doctrine that reverses the
general idea of morality and its ex
istence. The savage , he says , is just
as moral as the civilized man of this
or any other age , and man , as a race ,
is moral and immoral because he is
made that way and cannot help it
'There are four stages of morals , "
said Professor Kroeber , "instinctive
morals , which are evident in the ani
mals as well as ourselves ; next ,
morals shaped by social standards , as
in primitive man ; then a stage where
conscience enters , and , fourth , a stage
that no race has yet reached , but
which it may , where morality is en
tirely a matter of intelligence.
"But all these later stages arise
from the first , wherein we do not dif
fer from the lower animals , but feel
Instinctively that a thing is good or
bad , and base our actions on that in
stinct. The repugnance which mur
der , incest and cannibalism have for
us are purely instinctive , and are pos
sessed by the savage just the same as
by the civilized man.
"Where real virtue arises Is In liv
ing up to our standards , and in that
sense we are no better than the most
primitive savage , often not as good.
The setting of our standards is not a
moral matter , but one of culture and
"Religion has no natural connec
tion with morals , and the two do not
go hand in hand , as is often supposed.
Religion Is a product of our civiliza
tion. At certain times religion gets
an opportunity to seize upon morality
and incorporate it Into itself , but the
two never assimilate. It is due to
this that morals have now become al
most entirely divorced from religion
PROPOSE GARDENS FOR POOR
City of Buffalo Planning to Rent
Ground for Municipal Farming
Loan Tracts to Worthy.
Buffalo , N. Y. "That It would be a
good business move for the city to
lease , for stated periods , tracts of
available land , and turn the same over
to the worthy poor for municipal gar
dening purposes , " was an idea ad
vanced by Louis J. Kenngott , city
overseer of the poor. "Heretofore , "
said he , "the municipal gardening done
here has been on plots of ground , the
use of which has been donated by the
"These plots have been loaned , with
the understanding that possession of
the same was to revert to their own
ers in case the lands should be sold.
So the poor , who planted crops on
these plots , were always facing the
possibility of losing the results of
their labor by having their plots ,
when under cultivation , taken from
them through a change of ownership.
Of course , such deprivation would not
happen often. "
EIGHTH IN NEW BUILDINGS
Record for December Showed an In
crease of 216 Per Cent , for
Chicago. Only one city in the Unit
ed States , with less population , ex
ceeded the record of Kansas City dur
ing the month of December in the
number of its building permits * and
even then Kansas City is eighth in
amount of permits with an increase of
216 per cent over December , 1909.
The total for December , 1910 , was
$1,005,920 , against $318,780 for 1909.
Such cities as Baltimore , St. Louis ,
Cleveland , Plttsburg and Milwaukee
are all far behind , while only Port
land , Ore. , of cities of less population ,
goes ahead. In average value of build-
nga for which permits were Issued In
December , Kansas City ranks sixth .
among the twenty largest cities of the J
and the two institutions stand sep
In discussing the matter of incest ,
Professor Kroeber said that it could
not be based on reason , because It is
a biological fact that the nearness of
relation of parents does not produce
inferior offspring. It is a popular mis
take that marriage of cousins and
near of kin is an occasion of weak
children , unless it has been continued
for generations ; and in the case of
horses and dogs , breeding is custom
arily done between animals of the
nearest blood relationship.
The fact that there is nothing more
at the bottom of our morals than
these vague feelings or instincts
causes different peoples to go on try
ing to justify them in reason , with
widely opposite results. In England ,
until recently , it was thought wrong
for a man to marry his brother's
widow , while in other nations it was
frequently made compulsory for him
to do so , he said. In England the In
stinct against Incest was built upon
to an abnormal degree.
Doctor Kroeber told the story of a
Pacific island mother who went to a
white woman visiting on the island ,
telling of an awful wrong other people
had done in eating fcer baby. The
white woman , of course , had an equal
ly keen * sense of the wrong , but , on
investigation , learned that the mother
considered herself wronged because
she had not been allowed to partici
pate in the meal. This exemplified ,
he said , the way people often attempt
to condemn an act in reason and dose
so by directly opposite means. In
conclusion , he stated that we should
not go back of our instincts , but let
them stand as reason in tjiemselves.
Stale Egg Costs 300.
Pine Grove , Pa. Local poultry deal
ers who send their products to the
leading hotels of Philadelphia and
New York announced that they are
now able to get between 55 and 60
cents per dozen for guaranteed fresh
eggs. One dealer , who gets 60 cents ,
has a novel agreement , that If he
sends a single etale egg , he must for
feit the price of 300 eggs ; but as the
product is forwarded every day , he
has no fears on this score.
HOW TO BECOME BEAUTIFL'L
Millennium for Fair Sex , as Far as Pen
sonal Appearance Is Concerned ,
Boston. The millennium has come
for women of high and low degree
fat , thin , tall , short and middling as
far as personal appearance is con
cerned , says Henry Turner Bailey , the
Boston artist , if the rules laid down
by him are followed. Perfection of
beauty depends on dress tones , says
"To begin with , the athletic or man
nish girl Is unattractive from every
viewpoint , " he says. "When I say a
woman can be well gowned If she lives
up to certain artistic rules , I am talkIng -
Ing only of feminine women , not of
those who try to ape the men.
"In regard to the color of the cos
tume , that should be determined by
the complexion of the wearer. The
larger and plumper a woman the more
quietly she snould dress. In nature it
is the butterfly who is brilliant , not
the elephant. One very great danger
is in overdoing dress. This fault is
most evident among the newly rich.
The costumes of self respecting shop
girls are better , as a rule , than the
costumes of the newly rich -voman.
"If one Is tall she should wear
gowns made on horizontal lines and
never have dresses too long or too
short. If short , the costume should be
made on vertical lines. Never have
your dresses short , regardless of style.
If one is stout , dress plainly in one
color scheme. If one is thin , mixed
goods are permissible.
"The use of animals and birds for
trimming should be banished from mil
linery. Women are sometimes bar
baric of themselves. Anything that
echoes the barbaric or animal is out of
place. There is also the danger of
sharpening the finger nails until they
remind one of bird and animal claws.
"The eye should never be attracted
to the feet. Women possessing large
feet should never wear tan shoes. "
Swiss Alps Claim English.
London. Though the south ol
France and the Italian Riviera claimed
many who left England , Switzerland
this year has more English visitors
than ever before during the winter
season. It is the fad to go to the
Alps for the winter sports , and the
hotels are crowded with men and
women eager to take part in the skat
ing , spiing and sledding.
HAWAIIAN STAMP AT $5,000
Boston Enthusiast Claims Increased
Interest Among Philatelists
Trip Well Spent.
Boston. A trip to Hawaii for the
express purpose of studying the post
age stamps of the island , with the
consequent purchase of two of the
rarest stamps of that sort in exist
ence has just been completed by War
ren H. Colson of Boston , who , with
the true collector's enthusiasm , con
siders the trip well spent by the
single acquisition of the two bits of
crudejy printed blue paper that sold
half a century ago for five cents each
and that are now valued at $1,200
That stamp collecting is to receive
a great impetus in popularity among
grown men once more is the belief
of Mr. Colson , who points out the fact
that King George V. is a devoted
philatelist and gave up his position
as president of the -Royal Philatelic
Society of London only when his ac
cession to the throne made this pro
Mr. Colson has himself become one
of the best-known collectors and con
noisseurs in the world of philatelists ,
and so he is averse to the impression
that his trip to Hawaii for study in
his chosen field should be confused
by nonphilatelists with the stamp col
lecting that every schoolboy indulges
in at one time or another.
For example , he has gathered mate-
rlal during his four months' journey
for a monograph on Hawaiian stamps
from the time of the earliest mission
aries through the provisional govern
ment to the present day. As for the
two rare stamps he acquired , they are
known among philatelists as "the
Hawaii five-cent blue , 1851-52 , " of the
missionary issue. They were printed
by Henry M. Whitney , the first post
master at Honolulu , and the son of
Samuel Whitney , one of the early mis- '
slonaries sent out by the board of
American missions in 1819.
To the average person these stamps
look like ordinarily poor examples of
printing , though their association with
the early days of irregular mails by
the first missionary families and oc
casional whalers give added interest.
Still , to the philatelist their very
crudity in printing and spacing makes
them more precious. Each one of the
first sets has been identified and its
minute differences from its fellows
ticketed as in the case of early books
and prints. If the difference between
the original five-cent value of this
stamp and the present-day valuation
of $1,200 seems startling to the non-
philatelist , there is another sort of
Hawaiian stamp that presents an
even greater rise.
This stamp , which was seen by Mr.
Colson In studying the exhibits at
the Bishop museum in Hawaii , is of
only a two-cent denomination , but it
brings today about $5,000.
HUMILIATED BY HER HOBBLE
Garment Splits , Then Turns Into
Kilt Wilkesbarre Girl Has
Wilkesbarre , Pa. Twice deeply hu
miliated by a hobble skirt , Miss Anna
Berkowitz the other day caused the
arrest of George Casco , a tailor , who
had sold her the skirt. She declared
in Alderman John F. Donohue's office
that she would never wear another of
Miss Berkowitz ordered one of the
latest New York patterns from Casco.
It attracted attention and she was
pleased. But she grew tired taking
the short steps it required and start
ed to board a street car to go home.
As she stepped vigorously upward for
the high step of the car the skirt
split up one side.
She returned the skirt to Casco , de
manded another , and got it. The first
day she wore it she was caught in a
rainstorm and the skirt was trans
formed into something like akilt
She refused his offer of another
hobble skirt and Alderman ? onohm.
save her judgment , fcr ? 23 _
CANADA GETS $1,500
NATIONAL CORN EXPOSITION , AT
COLUMBUS , OHIO , AWARDS
TROPHY FOR PECK OF
OATS GROWN IN SAS
Again Canada is to the fore , and has
secured at the National Corn Exposi
tion just closed at Columbus , Ohio , tha
magnificent Colorado silver trophy val
ued at $1,500 , for the best peck of oats.
These oats were grown by Messrs. Hill
Son , of Lloydminster , Saskatchewan ,
and , as may readily be understood ,
were of splendid quality to have been
so successful in a contest open to the
world , and in which competition was
keen. At the same Exposition them
were exhibits of wheat and barley , and
in all these competitions , the grain
shown by Canada secured a wonderful
amount of attention , and also a num
ber of awards. During recent exhibi
tions at which grain from Western
Canada was given permission for en
try , it always took first place. At th
Spokane Interstate Fair , last fall ,
where the entries were very large , and
the competition keen , the Province ot
Alberta carried off the silver cup , giv
en by Governor Hay , for the best state ,
or province display , and a score of
prizes was awarded Canadian exhibi
tors for different exhibits of wheat ,
oats and barley threshed and in the >
sheaf. Vegetables also received high
awards. A pleasing feature of these
exhibits was they were mostly made
by farmers who had at one time been
American Citizens and were now farmIng -
Ing in Canada. The Department of
the Interior Is Just In receipt of a mag
nificent diploma given by the Tri-Stat
Board of Examiners at the Fair held ia
Cincinnati last fall for agricultural dis
play by Canada.
The Surveyor-General of Canada ha *
just completed a map showing that a
large area of land was surveyed last
year in the northern portion of Sas
katchewan and Alberta In order to be-
ready for the rush of homesteaders to
that district during the coming sprlnff
and summer. It Is understood sur
veys covering several hundreds of
thousands of acres will be made in
addition to these during the coming-
A return just issued by the Domin
ion Lands Branch shows that 48,257
homestead entries were made last
year as compared with 37,061 in 1909 ;
of this 48,257 , 14,704 were made by-
Americans. North Dakota coming first
on the list with 4,810 , Minnesota gives
2,528 , South Dakota 1,133 , Wisconsin
745 , Washington 730 , Michigan 706.
Iowa G45 , while other states show less ,
but with the exception of Delaware ,
District of Columbia and the Indian
Territory , every state and territory
The prospects for an abundant crop >
In all parts of Western Canada for
1911 are said to be excellent. In ther
districts that required it there was an-
ample rainfall last autumn , and ther
snowfall during the present winter 13
greater than in many previous years.
Both are essential factors to the farm
ers , "who look upon the moisture that
these will produce as being highly
A large immigration from the United
States is expected , and the demand for
literature and information from the va
rious Government Agencies located at
different points in the States is the
greatest it has ever been.
Since the above was written word
has been received that in addition to
honors won at Columbus , Ohio , Cana
da won first and second on wheat and
first and second on oats , as well as
Norman Cherry of Davis , Saskatch
ewan , who was in the reserve for first
on wheat , secured the award , with G.
H. Hutton of Lacombe , Alberta , sec
ond. J. C. Hill & Sons got first on
oats besides the silver trophy. G. H.
Hutton took second in oats.
Not for Mortal Understanding.
' What fond mother has not , at some
time , said : "My child , you are much
too young to ever understand ; you will
find out when you get older all you
wish to know will be explained. " And
how many of us are still waiting for
the reason , for some one to explain
are we still too young ? Perhaps we
are , and again , perhaps we are not
perhaps it never shall be explained to
us ; there are things wrapped in voice
In Brooklyn a few weeks ago a Sun
day school teacher asked his class of
hopefuls this rather debatable ques
"Who will tell me what is the chief
end of man ? "
From the most attentive pupil came
forthwith this answer : "To glorify
God and annoy him forever. "
PH.ES CURED IN 6 TO 14 DATS
/onrdnicglst wilt relond money If PAZO OIKT-
MBST fails to cure any case of Itching , Blind.
Bleeding or Protruding Piles into 14 Oays. Cc.
An undertaker knows a lot of "dead :
ones" that he is unable to bury.
Take Garfield Tea ! 3Iade or Herba , it is-
pure , pleasant and health-giving.
Many men enjoy a dry smoke. Why
not a dry drink ?
Farms for "Rent or Sale on Crop pay
ments. J. MULHALL , Sioux City , la.
Some tombstone inscriptions are too
good to be true.
TAKE A DOSE OF
fj THE BEST MEDICINE ,
for COUGHS Z COL.DSJ
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