Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, December 29, 1910, Image 3
JWZB& FROM If you allow your young cattle t < barely eke out an existence this win ter , they will lose in flesh and bodil : vigor to such an extent that it wll take two months of good pasture t < bring them back to their present con dltion. Such management swells thi farm loss account and gradually de creases the net profits that you ma : expect next The farmer who grows clover fo hay and seed 'and sells both ma : think he has done a good thing fo : the soil , but aside from the rooti which have been exhausted growlnj the crop he has done the soil iuor < injury than with any other crop h < can raise. A good heifer with her first calf at j little past two years of age , if she ii from a breed of fairly high producinj cows , is worth from $50 to $100. steer-that will bring that much mone : is usually fed two to three times ai much as the average heifer. Pumpkins are one of the best winte green feeds for almost all kinds o stock , especially relished by dair : cows , and they are excellent to mi : with dairy feed for the production o milk , the cows relishing them greatly It is not to be supposed that ever : heifer will make a first-class cow , bu the manner in which she is fed an < cared for from birth will have some thing to do with deciding the question \ ' The feeding of dairy-'cows for bes results is more complicated , and in volves more thought than most per sons realize ; merely throwing a COT an abundance of food is not all. It is impossible to tell the profitabl < cows from the unprofitable animal ! unless you test your milk. The quan tity of milk is not enough. The but ter fat must be considered. It Is very Important that when th < calves are first placed in the feed lo they should be given the most palat able feed that can be obtained unti they have learned to eat. There Is no known feed that Is bet ter for poultry than good clean grains ] . Accompanied by plenty of clean , fresl water and an abundance of charcoal. Now is tfie time to study up on th < new "serum" method for preventing hog cholera , then you will be read : to act at once when you have to. The only way to be sure a cow ha < good milking qualities which can b ( perpetuated in her offspring is to b < sure she has good blood in her. In improving a flock of muttoi sheep , the ram is practically th ( whole thing until such a time as th ( ewes are equally well bred. Don't pack th'e dairy cow away foi winter Into a dark corner of the sta ble and expect to take out a strong * healthy cow in the spring. Generally farmers who feed steel upon their farms are successful farm ere , but not all successful farmers need be stock feeders. Producing what the consumer wants and putting it on the market in ai attractive form are two of the secrets of successful dairying. _ _ _ * It isn't much use to keep cows thai milk hard. You can find just as goo < ones that milk by man-power and no four horse-power. Cattle raising presents a promising field of endeavor to those who am alike at personal satisfaction anc financial profit All damaged'Mimbs should be cu out because they are likely to in Jure others while swaying in th < winds. It requires skill and a liberal sys tern of feeding to grow and develo ] a high-grade draft horse for market The shfeep responds profitably t ( conditions of peacefulness. They neec sensible treatment as 'to surroundings In the large city markets the besi prices for fatted fowls are realized from about February to July. Lousy hogs are a direct source oi loss , which , with worms , prevent divi I. dends in the hog business. . Attention to every minute detai in dairying must be observed if the best results are reached. All weeds and dead branches shoulc ' be cleaned out of the small fruit gar Aezui and burned. I Mares do not usually give troubl < by abortion if given good food anc reasonable care. Of course , wbei pregnant , a mare should not be over driven , nor be compelled to smel blood or offal , and should not bacl or hold back heavy loads Her stal should not have much incline Nour ishlng food , pure water and fresh all are essentials. If one suspect ergo or smut in hay or feed it should b ( discarded. It is estimated that barn-yard ma nures have a value of about two-thirds that of commercial fertilizers , there fore the careful saving of farm ma nures and their judicial application tc the soil are vital factors in farming operations , and as essential to con tlnued success as plowing the land 01 planting the crop. The price of dairy products in the winter Is so much higher than in sum mer that only a small extra effort at to care and judicious feeding may re suit in a considerable increase in the profits from the entire herd at tbU season. The intelligent flock-masters art fast coming to recognize the fact that the man who makes the most of hit opportunities in handling a farm flocl must become a breeder and feeder oi high-clasc mutton , more especlallj sheep. The fanner who is breeding a flocl of improved mutton sheep and feeding them in an intelligent and painstaking manner , may plan his feeding opera tions so that he may have a good near by city market every week in the year Farm-yard manures benefit the soil by acting as a mulch and make hu mus , but their benefit to the growing crops depends entirely upon the amount of nitrogen , phosphoric acid and potash they contain. It is true that the generality o ] farm mares are low in quality , bul that is no valid excuse for farmers tc persist in breeding horses that no body wants , not even themselves. Sheep raising numbers among Its requirements quietness and content ment in a degree perhaps not so es sential to'success in the handling ol other breeds of live stock. * In the production of strawberries the best specimens are obtained only by careful culture.rhe plants should be of a large fruited and firm fruited variety of the test flavor. Begin to take the chill off the water you give the horses when the weathei gets cold. You can heat It cheapei on the stove than you can in the stomach of the horse. A thick coat of paint daubed ovei the severed limbs when pruning In the orchard or wood lot prevents cracking of the wood and gives the trees "a bet ter appearance. The ordinary diversified farm with its abundant use of horsepower fur nishes ideal conditions for growing , developing and training draft horses. It will pay anyone that keeps from 25 to 100 hens to build a shed close to the henhouse in which to deposit the droppings during the winter. It is best to separate pullets from the rest of the flock , let them have free range and feed largely of whole or cracked corn , wheat or oats. It Is impossible to create capacity. You may breed for it but you can't create it and it's a very important function in the dairy cow. There is the most money in th long run in dairying by selling the cream or butter only and keeping the other products on the farm. The Duroc Jersey sows are verj docile ; they are easily handled during the breeding and farrowing season and are very prolific breeders. Under no circumstances should any thing be added to milk to prevent its souring. Such doings violate the law of both God and man. The problem of keeping the boys and girls on the farmstead is solving itself , for farm life is becoming more and more attractive. While it Is some trouble to strain the cream before churning , but when that is done there will be no white specks in butter. The f e.ecier is the only -man that can tell how much food the colts require for their best growth and develop ment Fresh air Is all right for the hens , but not when it is sifted through knot holes and cracks between the boards. Ram lambs are a drug on the mar ket , yet thousands of farmers con tinue to flood the markets with them. Sheep that are kept as scavengers soon assume the appearance that their purpose would signify. Good , bright oat straw is good roughage for idle horses , but some grain should be fed with it Hold on to some of the clover for spring feeding. It is great whn the sheep get tired of timothy. * M Hens are much better breeders than pullets , because a greater per cent at the eggs are fertile. One From the Cashier. The harmless customer leaned across the cigar counter and smiled engagingly at the new cashier. As he handed across the amount his dinner check called for he ventured a bit of aimless converse , for he was of that sort. "Funny , " said ho , "how easy It Is to spend money. " "Well , " snapped the cashier as she Zed his fare to the register , "if money was intended for you to hold on to the &int would be turning out coins with ' * ' * handles on 'em. Had Money in Lumps. Charles H. Rosenberg of Bavaria iad lumps on his shoulders , elbows , and hips when he arrived here from Hamburg on the Kaiserin Auguste Vic toria. In fact , there was a series of smaller lumps along his spine , much like a mountain range , as it is present ed on a bas-relief map. The lumps were about the size of good Oregon apples , and as Rosen berg passed before the immigration doctor for observation , the doctor said softly to himself , "See that lump. " Then he asked Mr. Rosenberg to step aside. "You seem like'a healthy- man , " said the doctor , "but I cannot pass you until I know the origin of those lumps on your body. " "Ah , it Is not a sick ness , " laughed the man from Bavaria. "Those swellings is money. " Taking off his coat he broke open a sample lump and showed that It con tained $500 in American bank notes. He informed the doctor that he "had $11,000 in all , with which he was go ing to purchase an apple orchard in Oregon. He was admitted to the country. New York Tribune. Why He Laughed. Miss Mattie belonged to the old south , and she was entertaining a guest of distinction. On the morning following his arrival she told Tillie , the little colored maid , to take a pitcher of fresh water to Mr. Firman's room , and to say that Miss Mattie sent him her compliments , and that if he wanted a bath , the bathroom was at his service. When Tillie returned she said : "I tel * him , Miss Mattie , en' he laughed fit to bus5 hlsself. " "Why did he laugh , Tillie ? " "I dunno. " "What did you tell him ? " "Jus' what you tol' me to. " "Tillie , tell me exactly what you said. " "I "banged de doah , and I said , 'Mr. Firman , Miss Mattie sends you her lubj and she says , 'Now you can get up and wash yo'self ! " Lippincott's Mag- izlne. Where He Was Queer. The negro , on occasions , displays a fine discrimination in the choice of words. " ' white-washer In "Who's the best - town ? " inquired the new resident. "Ale Hall am a bo'nd a'tist with a whitewash brush , sah , " answered the colored patriarch eloquently. "Well , tell him to come and white wash my chicken house tomorrow. " Uncle Jacob shook his head dubi ously. "Ah don' believe , sah , ah'd engage Ale Hall to whitewash a chicken house , sah. " "Why , didn't you say he was a good whitewasher ? " "Yes , sah , a powe'ful good whitewasher washer , sah ; but mighty queer about a chicken house , sah , mighty queer ! " Mack's National Monthly. MAKE UP YOUR MIND. If you'll make up your mind to be Contented with your lot And with the optimists agree That trouble's soon forgot. You'll be surprised , to find , I guess. Despite misfortune's darts , What constant springs of happiness Lie hid in human hearts ; What sunny gleams and golden dreams The passing years unfold. How soft and warm the lovelight beams "When you are growing old. Acted Like the Genuine. "The landlady says that new board er is a foreign nobleman. " "Bogus , I'll bet" "Oh , I don't know. HG may be the real thing. Ho hacn't paid her a cent as yet. " * / More I-Jurrcn Nature. Grouchly By denying myself three ten-cent cigars dr.ily for the past 20 years I figure that I have saved $2,190. Moxley Is that so ? " Grouchly Yes. Say , let me have a chew of your tobacco , will you ? Thanks to Burnt Cork. "Gosh ! But the colored race is a- comln' to the front fast ! " whispered Innocent Uncle Hiram , at the vaude ville show , as the black-face comedian was boisterously applauded. "Yes , Indeed , " smiled the city man ; "anyone can see that that fellow is a self-made negro. " Lo , the Rich Indian. The per capita wealth of the Indian Is approximately $2,130 , that for other Americans Is only a little more than $1,300. The lands owned by the In dians are rich in oil , timber and other natural resources of all kinds. Some of the best timber land in the United States Is owned by Indians. The "Value of their agricultural lands runs up in the millions. The ranges which they possess support about 500- 000 sheep and cattle , owned by lessees , bringing In a revenue of more than $272,000 to the various tribes besides providing feed for more than 1,600,000 head of horses , cattle , sheep and goats belonging to the Indians themselves. Practically the only asphalt deposits in the United States are on Indian lands. R d Man. No Slang for Her. "Slip me a brace of cackles I" or dered the chesty-looking man with a bored air , as he perched on the first stool In the lunchroom. "A what ? " asked the waitress , as she placed a glass of water before him. him."Adam "Adam andEve , flat on their backs I A pair of sunnysiders ! " said the young man in an exasperated tone. "You got me , kid , " returned the waitress. "Watcha want ? " "Eggs up , " said the young man. " ' ' the kind that before 'E-g-g-s , , come the hen or after , I never knew which. " "Why didn't you say so In the first place ? " asked the waitress. "You'd a had 'em by this time. " "Well , of all things " said the young man. "I knew what he was drivin' at all the time , " began the waitress as the young man departed. "But he's one of them fellers that thinks they can get by with anything. He don't know that they're using plain English now In restaurants. " The League of Politeness. The League of Politeness has been formed in Berlin. It aims at Inculcat ing better manners among the people of Berlin. It was founded upon the initiative of Frauleln Cecelle Meyer , who was Inspired by an existing or ganization in Rome. In deference to the parent organization the Berlin league has chosen the Italian motto , "Pro gentilezza. " This will be em blazoned upon an attractive little medal worn where Germans are ac customed to wear the insignia of or ders. The idea is that a glaance at the "talisman" will annihilate any In clination to indulge in bad temper or discourteous language. "Any polite person" is eligible for membership. The "Country Churchyard. " Those who recall Gray's "Elegy In a Country Churchyard" will remember that the pea ° eful spot " -where "the rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep" [ s identified with St. Giles' , Stoke Poges , Buckinghamshire. In the pro saic pages of a recent issue of the Gazette there appears an order in council providing that ordinary inter ments are henceforth forbidden In the churchyard. How She Learnetr. The mother of a family of thre * small children was discussing their comparative precocity with a friend. "John was very slow at everything , " she said , referring to her oldest. "Tom was a little better , and Edith , the baby , is the smartest of all. She picks up everything quick as can be. " Master John , wh9 had been listen ing , now contributed his share of the conversation. "Humph ! " he exclaimed. "I know why her learns so quick. It's 'cause her has us and we didn't have us. " Economy. The late former Governor Allen D. Candler of Georgia was famous In the south for his quaint humor. "Governor Candler , " said a Gaines ville man , "once abandoned cigars for a pipe at the beginning of the year. He stuck to his resolve till the year's end. Then he was heard to lay : " 'By actual calculation , I have saved by smoking a pipe Instead of cigars this year $208. But where Is it ? ' " Moslem Traditions. Ramadan Is the month exalted by Moslems above all others. In that month the Koran according to Mos lem tradition was brought down by Gabriel from heaven and delivered to men In small sections. In that month , Mohammed was accustomed to retire from. Mecca to the cave of Hlra , for prayer and meditation. In that month Abraham , Moses and other prophets received their divine revelations. In that month the "doors of heaven are always open , the passages to hell are shut , and the devils are chained. " So run the traditions. The Christian Herald. A Medical Compromise. "You had two doctors in consulta tion-last night , didn't you ? " "Yes. " "What did they say ? " "Well , one recommended one thing and the other recommended some thing else. " "A deadlock , eh ? " "No , they finally told me to mix em ! " Hard on the Mare. Twice , as the bus slowly wended its way up the steep Cumberland Gap , the door at the rear opened and slammed. At first those inside paid little heed ; but the third time demanded to know why they should be disturbed in this fashion. "Whist , " cautioned the driver , doan't spake , so loud ; she'll overhear us. " "Who ? " "The mare. Spake low ! Shure , Ol'm desavln th' crayture. Everry tolme she 'ears th' door close , she thinks won o * yez is gettin' down ter walk up th' hill , an' that sort o' raises her sperrits. " Success Magazine. Exaggeration. On her arrival in New York Mme. Sara Bernhardt , replying to a compli ment on her youthful appearance , said : "The secret of my youth ? It is the good God and then , you know , I work all the time. But I am a great-grandmother , " she continued , thoughtfully , "so how can these many compliments be true ? I am afraid my friends are exaggerating. " Mme. Bernhardt's laugh , spontane ous as a girl's , prompted a chorus of "No , no ! " "Yes , " said the actress , "uncon scious exaggeration , like1 the French nurse on the boulevard. Our boule vards are much more crowded than your streets , you know , and , although we have numerous accidents , things aren't quite as bad as. the nurse sug gested. "Her little charge , a boy of six , begged her to stop a while in a crowd , surrounding an automobile accident. 'Please wait , ' the little boy said , 'Want to see the man who was run over. ' 'No ; hurry , ' his nurse answered. 'There will be plenty more to see further on. ' " Ton shouldn't have called that mam a pig , " said the conciliatory man. " ' " the vindictive "That's right , replied person. "There Is no sense In Imply ing that he's worth 40 cents a pound to anybody. " Blissful Ignorance. "Were you nervous when you pro posed to your wife ? " asked the senti mental person. "No , " replied Mr. Meekton ; "but if I could have foreseen the next ten years I would have been. " Economy In Art. "Of course , " said Mr. Sirius Barker , "I want , my daughter to have some sort of an artistic education. 1 think I'll have her study singing. " "Why not art or literature ? " "Art spoils canvas and paint and literature wastes reams of paper. Singing merely produces a temporary disturbance of the atmosphere. Home Thought. "It must have been frightful , " said Mrs. Bossim to her husband , who was in the earthquake. "Tell me what was your first thought when you awakened in your room at the hotel and heard the alarm. " " of , " answered "My first thought was you swered Mr. Bossim. "How noble ! " "Yes. First thing I knew , a vase oft the mantel caught me on the ear ; then a chair whirled In my direction , and when I jumped to the middle of the room four or five books and a framed picture struck me all at once. " Even after saying that , he affected to wonder what made her so angry for the remainder of the evening. Mack's National Monthly. New Process of Staining Glass. The art of coloring glass has been lost and refound , jealously guarded and maliciously stolen so many tlmea In the history of civilization that It seems almost impossible to say any thing new on glass staining. Yet a process has been discovered for ma king the stained glass used in windows which is a departure from anything known at the present time. What th Venetians and the Phoenicians knew ; of it we cannot tell. The glass first receives Its design In mineral colors and the whole Is then fired in a heat so Intense that the col oring matter and the glass are Indls- solubly fused. The most attractive feature of this method is that the sur- fCG acquires a peculiar pebbled char acter in the heat , so that when the glass is in place the lights are delight fully soft and mellow. In making a large window in many shades each panel is separately mould ed and bent and the sections are as sembled in a metal frame. Our Voices. I think our conversational soprano , as sometimes overheard in the cars , arising from a group of young persona who have taken the train at one of our great industrial centers ; for In stance , young persons of the femal sex , we will say , who have bustled In full dressed , engaged in loud , strident speech , and who , after free discussion , have fixed on two or more double seats , which having secured , they pro ceed to eat apples and hand round daguerreotypes I say , I think the conversational soprano , heard under these circumstances , would not be among the allurements the old enemy would put in requisition were he get ting up a new temptation of St. An thony : There are sweet voices among us , we all know , and voices not musical , it may be , to those who hear them , for the first time , yet sweeter to us than any Ve shall hear until we listen to some warbling angel In the over ture to that eternity of blissful har monies we hope to enjoy. But why should I tell lies ? If my friends love me , it is because I try to tell the truth. I never heard but two voices In my life that frightened me by their sweetness. Holmes. What About Brain Food ? \ This Question Came Up in the Recent Trial for Libel. A "Weekly" printed some criticisms of the claims made for our foods. It evidently did not fancy our reply printed in various news papers , and brought suit for libeL At the trial some interesting facts came out Some of the chemical and medical experts differed widely. The following facts , however , were quite clearly established : Analysis of brain by an unquestionable au thority , Geoghegan , shows of Mineral Salts , Phosphoric Aci'd and Potash combined ( Phos phate of Potash ) , 2.91 per cent of the total , 5.33 of all Mineral Salts. This is over one-half. Beaunls , another authority , shows "Phos phoric Acid combined" and Potash 73.44 per cent from a total of 101.07. Considerable more than one-half of Phos phate of Potash. Analysis of Grape-Nuts shows : Potassium and Phosphorus , ( which join and make Phos phate of Potash ) , is considerable more , than one-half of all the mineral salts in the "food. Dr. Geo. W. Carey , an authority on the con stituent elements of the body , $ ays : "The gray matter of the brain is controlled entirely by the Inorganic cell-salt , Potasaftim Phosphate ( Phosphate of Potash ) . ThisySalt unites with albumen and by the addition oxygen creates nerve fluid or the gray matter of the brain. ' Of course , there is a trace'of other salts and other organic matter innljrve , , fluid , but Potas sium Phosphate is thexfehief factor , and has the power within Itself/to attract , by its own law of affinity , all things needed to manufac ture the elixir of life. " Further on he says : "The beginning and end of the matter is to supply the lacking princi ple , and in molecular form , exactly as nature furnishes it in vegetables , fruits and grain. To supply deficiencies this Is the only law of ' " cure. The natural conclusion Is that if Phosphate of Potash is the needed mineral element In brain and you use food which does not contain it , you have brain fag because its daily loss Is not supplied. On the contrary , if you eat food known to be rich in this elemenjt , you place before the life forces that which nature demands for brain-building. In the trial a sneer was uttered because Mr. Post announced that he had made years of re search in this country and some clinics of Europe , regarding the effect of the mind on digestion of food. But we must be patient with those who sneer at facts they know nothing about Mind does not work well on a brain that is broken down by lack of nourishment A peaceful and evenly poised mind is neces sary to good digestion. Worry , anxiety , fear , hate , &c. , &c. , directly interfere with or stop the flow of Ptyalin , the digestive juice of the mouth , and also Inter fere with the flow of the digestive juices of stomach and pancreas. Therefore , the mental state of the individual has much to do ( more than suspected ) with digestion. 1 ' This trial has demonstrated ; ' That Brain is made of Phosphate of Potash as the principal Mineral Salt , added to albu men and water. jTiat Grape-Nuts contains that element as more than one-half of all Its mineral salts. A healthy brain is Important , if one would "do things" In this world. A man who sneers at "Mind" sneers at the best and least understood part of himself. That part which some folks believe links us to the Infinite. Mind asks for a healthy brain upon which to act , and Nature has defined a way to make a healthy brain and renew it day by day as it is used up from work of the previous day. Nature's way to rebuild Is by the use of food which supplies the things required. "There's a Reason" Postum Cereal Co. , Ltd. , Battle CreeK , MicH.