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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 6, 1910)
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L4LL OVER NEBRASKA
( Blxy in the Lincoln .Journa1. )
LA. thousand poets sing our praise ,
! A milUon people love your way ,
! Your sunny sIdes , your bracing air ,
J Your fields and pastures everywhere ,
l 7Your crilJs with plenty and to spare ,
! "Your summers are a poet's theme ,
"Your crimson autumns are a dream ,
I 'Your winters and your spring , a mito
1 ; Sever at times , are always quite
jI .A yearly solace and delight ,
$ We sometimes wander far away ,
: Sut when we do we cannot stay ,
: No matter what the time or place ,
When I am done with life's short race ,
:1 : want to rest in your embrace ,
. : i _ . Nebraska.
1t were no less than perfect bliss ,
" 'To mix my bones with soil like this ,
: And , if there be a grander sphere ,
'Whose glories break when death is
: I'm sure it can't be far fzom : here ,
Matt Carter Ends Life.
Phelps Couty.-Matt Carter of
Holdrege shot and killed himself at
McCook : : , where he was employed by
.the Burlington. Carter , until just
-recently , had lived in Holdrege. He
; was unmarried , close to thirty years
. .of age , and had relatives living in the
.country near here. He was employed
by Parker , an ex-saloon-keeper at
Holdrege until last Februarr : , when
bis employer was stricken with par-
alysis one Sunday afternoon as the
two were together at Parker's room.
Parker died only a few days later and
it is said that since that time Carter ,
wno had formed a strong friendship
'lor his employer , had acted very
.queerly at times.
Holds Bonds Valid.
HaIl County.-Judge Pemberton has
.decided that the $100,000 bonds which
'Were issued to purchase the Fairbury
water and light plant are valid. The
: special bond attorneys at Chicago , de-
' I dared the bonds were invalid. The
j usiness men of Fairbury.J' decided to
maIm a "test case" in district court.
- : j 'The case will be carried to the su-
preme court and alSDf get a decision
from that tribunal < 1bn their standing.
' 'The case wil1 pro'bably reach the BU-
, reme court january or Februarr ;
FarmerShot by Neighbor.
Red yi1iow County.-Grant pre-
.cinct , a somewhat isolated part of the
? . .county , , was the scene of a shooting af-
. ' lair. / 'Albert Weeks had taken up
.soroe stock of his neighbor's O. T.
. Ke ley's.Vhile "reeks was riding
: - " . / . bver to his neighbor to tel1 him of the
\ \ ifact , he met Kelley on the road armed
'I \ .with a shotgun.Vithout further ado
\ ' . : Kelley dismounted , steadied his shot-
gun over a convenient fence and de-
posited part of the load of both bar-
'rels in his neighbor's cuticle and fiesh
Farmer Shot by Neighbor
. Grant precinct , a somewhat isolat-
oed part of the county , was the scene
r . .of a shooting affair. Albert Weeks
had : taken up some stock of his
: neighbor's O. T. KelIey's. 'While '
Weeks was riding over to his neigh-
.bor to telI him of the fact , he met Kel-
Jey on the road armed with a shot-
, gun. Without further ado Kelley dis-
mounted , steadied his shotgun over a
com'enient fence and deposited part
cOf the load of both barrels in his
land and was kil1ed.
Wi1I Fight Added Change.
Gage Countr.-Beatrice ; gas consum-
I , ers will fight the additional charge of
1 "tenty-fiye cents for maintenance
: service recently inaugurated by the
.Gage County Gas , Light & Power Co.
A petition is to be presented to the
. , city council asking that body to re-
T : strain the gas company from collect.
T ing this charge.
Standard Branching Out.
Burt County.-The Standard Oil
.com.my has made a new deal in this
ounty. It now owns its wagons ,
borses , harness , etc. , for delivering oil
: to the neighboring towns and has
.hired men to operate them. Hereto-
.fore it had men with teams , but that
An Inquest at Fremont.
Dodge CountJ'-An inquest was
lCld over the body of S. E. Suford , the
.mail who was run down and killed
'near Dodge. The coroner's jury found
-that death was accidental. Suford had
bee in Dodge and hadstarted home.
'That was the last seen of him alive.
r Big Canning Business.
\\ashington County.-The Blair
llIling : : company reports a large run .
"turning out about 1.250,000 cans of
\ . ; co-u. This is about 100,000 more than
JaAt : year.
Loses Hand in Sheller. '
i / G.ge : County.-Howard Carpenter , a
II , 'f:1rm hand on the \V. H. Nichols farm ,
3ir 'l1ad Iln arm so b3dly injured that the
( 'band had to be amputat.ed above the
I f ' knuckle joints . He was feeding a
: : steam corn hei1ewhen : the accident
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iunderin OurPancrMiey/ . _ '
, ne)1 : \
G ( _ HE treasury . department
at 'Vashington has jufi
complated a series of
novel experiments and
I 1 11 4j as a result ot the out-
I I come thereof is about to
enter on a new activity
, which is to prove one of
'y the most interesting as
weIl as one of the most
rrective economies introduced during
the present era of retrenchment in
Uncle Sam's administrative affairs.
The innovation is nothing short of a
scheme for laundering our currency.
AIl the processes of washing , starch-
ing and ironing ,111 be carried out
just as though the articles to be
cleansed were Iinen garments instead
of linen paper. Tho effect of this
scheme for freshening the currency ,
when once the government's plant is
in full operation , wi1l be to more than
double the nonnal Ufe of our paper
circulating medium and to save the
government considerably more than
$1,000,000 per year.
That paper money can be washed
successfully is not , of course , an en-
tirely new dIscovery. From time to
time in years gone by individuals on
cleanse dirty bank
notes with soap
and water. The
importance of the ex-
periments lately carried on by the gov-
ernment , however , l1es in the fact that
proof has been
ey can be washed , not as an occasion-
al bank note , receiving individual at-
tention , but on a wholesale scale.
Equally important is the finding that
this rejuvenation can be accompl1shed
cheaply , and finally there is a third
trIumph for present-day experiment in
demonstration that laundered curren-
cy can be given the "body" and "sur-
face" that is responsible for the crisp ,
crackly qualifications that endear
"new money" to many people.
The treasury officials hope soon to
have in fuB operation a laundry plant
-located at the United States bureau
of engraving and printing at Washing-
ton-which w111 be capable of giving
a new lease of life to soiled and
wrinkled currency at the rate of 100-
100 bills per day. Present estimates J
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74-c7Yc L/lOHJJE-Nf.1 > CORIENCY
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1re that this premier money laundry of the world
can be operated at an expense not exceeding $20
per day-that is with an outlay of one-fiftieth of
B. cent for each b111 laundered. Even in the pre-
liminary experiments the cost has not exceeded
one-tenth of a cent per note laundered , and inas-
much as it costs 1 1-3 cents to print each new
note produced at the bureau It can readi1y be
'appreciated that the saving w1l1 be tremendous.
At the outset only the b1l1s of small denomina-
tion-that Is , the $1 , $2 and $5 notes and certifi-
cates , will be cleansed. These , being the bills that
are subjected to the greatest wear and tear in
circulation , are the shortest-Uved.
The question will naturally present itself to
the reader as to what proportion of the whole
volume of our circulating medium can be laun-
dered. The officials answer that about four-fifths
of all the money sent back to the treasury for
redemption is fit to go out for further cfrcul1on
if properly cleaned. Supposedly worn-out money
pours into the treasury to be exchanged for new
currency at a rate of more than 220,000,000 bllIs
per year. The investigations which have been
made by a special committee appointed by the
secretary of the treasury disclose that fully 80
per cent. of this is not torn or tattered , or in
reality shows any sign of wear , but has been
turned back by . the banks simply because it is
wrinkled or limp and dirty. An of this 80 per
cent. of the currency could be laundered and the
experiments seem to indicate that there is no
reason why each bill should not be laundered
repeatedly. The present normal life of a one-
dollar bi11 is one year and three months and this
wf11 be doubled if it is not tripled , resulting , of
course , in a proportionate saving in the expen-
diture for labor and material in printing new
The experiments which the treasury experts
have been carrying on has been to determine the
best and most economical method of laundering
money rather than to tryout different chemical
formulas for the cleansing. As a matter of fact
this latter IHlrt of the undertaking has fonowed
the imnlest lines. Plain soap and water , the
former a gcod grade of potash soap , are the stand-
bys of the government laundrymen who have un-
dertaken the cnrrency washing task. It may be
that ulthnately the cleansing compound will be
combined with a preparation designed to ster-
ilize the money while it is being washed , thus
setting at rest he 1 fears of those persons who
are nervous about tlle germs on paper money , but
the officials have not yet definitelj' decided that
they w1l1 purify the currency as well as restore
its pristine freshness. Atter the money has been
washed it is rinsed and Is then dried by artificial
From this point-that is , all the finishing pro-
cesses-are identical with those followed in the
case of newly printed currency but special ma-
chinery has had to be provided because the unit
to be handled In every instance is a single bilJ
Instead of a sheet of fourbiliL as 1u the case
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of the new money.
From the drying
room the washed bi1ls
go to the "sizing"
room , where what
might be termed the
takes place. This con-
sists in passing each
b1l1 , by machinery ,
through a bath of
alum and glue which
restores the "body"
which has been lost
during the washing.
Next the bi11s are
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packed between I
sheets of cardboard and are then subjected to the
"ironing. " This consists of pressure between the
rollers of a powerful press just as the fiat pieces
in the ordinary steam laundry are run through
a mangle. The operation not only renders the
laundered money perfectly fiat but imparts to it
the distinctive surface or finish of new money.
Already the treasury officials have planned that
if the laundry at the headquarters at Washington
proves as successful and econonilcal as it promises
to do , slmi1ar laundries will be instal1ed at all the
subtreasuries throughout the country. Moreover ,
Uncle Sam Is going to encourage banks , or asso-
ciations of bankers 1n the more remote cities of
the country to establish their own lauUlirfes for
For once in his life a Kentucky colonel found
himself in a queer predicament because of his
courtly politeness extended previously to a young
woman at the reception tendered by the Knights
Templar of his state. Past Commander Shackel-
ford of Kentucky was the man who suffered
the unhappy quarter hour.
Answering a teiphone can at the Congress
hotel he heard a sweet voice saying :
"Oh , Colonel Shackelford , I am going away
this afternoon. You are going to say good-by to
me , aren't you ? "
"I certainly am , " replied Colonel Shackelford ,
"though I am most sorry to hear that you are
going away. ( Who in thunder can she be ? ) "
"You remember me , don't you ? "
"Indeed , it would be quite impossible to for-
get you. ( ( Ye gOds ! 'Vho is she ? Help , help ! ) "
"You Imow you said that I was the most
charming girl rou had met in ChIcago. "
"And I never retract anythin-g I say. : I was
sure of it when I saId it. I am s11lfer of it now.
( Say , this is awfuL ) "
'VeIl , I expect to meet some friends in the
parlor in half an hour , and I shan hope to see you.
Now don't forget. Good-by. "
"Good-by. I shall be there. Good-by. "
First he importuned some other Kentuckians ,
after pledging them to secrecy , but thej' could not
help him and one suid :
"Why , Shackelford , you said the ame thing
to about a dozen women at the reception. "
So at the appointed time Colonel Shackelford
went forth to the parlor , and vrhen he returned
his face was wreathed in smiles. I.
"How about it ? " was the anxious quer ) ' .
"Gentlemen , as a member of the Masonic frar-
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110N Tiff- 11I/l.5HE'1l
washing currency instead of send-
ing it to Washington for redemp-
tion , as is the present plan. It is
calculated that a money laundry of
modest capacity can be instal1ed.
at a cost as low as $500 to $700 $ ,
and it is figured that banks in :
many cities would save this in a i
few ' 'months. Of course the gov-
ernment redeems without charge
all the worn-out currency sent in
by the banks , but the banks must I
pay the express charges both ways
- the and it Is figured
, PT' . on currency , ngure
that I1i express charges for many such institu-
tions far exceed the outlay that would be required
for the operation of a money laundry. One Chi-
cago bank that sends a cart load of currency to
the treasury every few days pays thousands of !
dollars a year in transportation charges. With
a view to further aiding the banks that decide to
launder their own currency the treasury depart-
ment is planning to make public all its laundry
receipes and formulas when it has been deter-
mined by the present tests just what are the best
ingredients for cleansing , bleaching and steriliz-
ing the money. The bleaching , it may be added I
is one process that requires the exercise of care
lest the money in the wash be injured.
prv ALLIGATOR SHOOTS CHUTES.
The very last creature that the average man L
would select as a trick animal is the huge , slug-
gish a1l1gator , yet even that deliberate brute can
sometimes hit a swift pace. It has even been
trained to shoot the chutes with easy grace.
The feat is performed regularly at on alligator
farm in California , the big saurian waddling up
the incline at the other side and sliding down
At this novel farm there are 500 or more speci-
mens , ranging in size from the huge bull to the
newly hatched , lizard-like youngsters. They are
raised for their 'hides , although the sale of the
little fellows for "pets" and the admission to the
grounds help swell the profits of this unusual 1
ternity and as a southern gentleman-let us talk
about the weather. " Then he smi1ed some more
WHITE RAINtBOW A RARITY. m :
What is h-nown as a white rainbow is an ex-
tremely rare phenomenon. It was observed at :
the Montouris observatory at Paris boy M. Louis' I
Besson. It was an almost colorless bow and was
seen at 2:10 p. m. , dying out and then r"appear-
ing at 3 : 15 , reaching a ma.dmum brightness a.t ;
3:25 , then disappearing five minutes later. The
bow had about three degrees width and was not :
a pure white , but somewhat tinged with rose
color at the outer edge and violet at the inner. .
S The angular height of the summit was 40 degrees
8 minutes on the average. There have been often
observecl in the mountains of the polar regions
white bows upon fogs or clouds composed of
The explanation of this phenomenon , kno"l\'n
as the "Ulloa circle , " was given br : Mas cart. It is i ;
qnlJ' a special case of the general theory or the
rainbow as given by Airy , which allows of sup-
posing a mixture of the colors so as to approach L
white , at the same time as a widening of the arc
and a diminution of the ra.dius , when the diam- :
eter of the drops becomes smaller and comes
near to 41 u.-Scientific American.
BALKS EFFORTS OF INVINTORS.
MachinerJ' plays little part in the glass trade
Visitors to . glassworlrs have time and again rc
marked upon the apparent awkwardness and an
Uquity of the proceGses employed. Inventors
have for a long time exercised their wits to de
vise maohinery calculated to supersede the
blower's lungs , but to no avaH
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DIVORCE IN ISLANDS ,
iJUDGES" ONLY PASS ON RIGHTS
Nhen a Separation of an Igarrote
Couple Is Inevitable , Both the Hus-
band and Wife Share Equal-
ly the Property.
"If you women want equal rights ,
TOU better go out to Luzon. " The man
lrom the Philippines had been listen-
Ing to the mllitant suf'raglst ' for the
last hour and a half and had just got
in his word. "Up in the province oC
Benguet there , v..here the little Igar-
rotes live , they've got it down to a
fine point. Remarkable people those
, "They've already settled a lot of
things our Socialist friends are trying
now to get the rest of us advanced
enough to accept. They're so progres-
sive in these things that they're clear
back at the beginning again. For In-
stance , they've got George l\leredith's
ten-year trial marriage beat by a one
year experiment. It.s very success-
ful , too. And divorce-that's the sim-
plest thing in the world with them- .
and quite fair to the woman , too.
"It doesn't happen very often , but
when it does the community steps in
to see that there's fair play. The
buknans , or chiefs , act as judges in .
the matter ; not to decide whether
they have a right to part-that's en-
tirely a personal matter for them to
settle-but to see that there's afair
division of the children and the prop-
erty. There was a divorce case pn
while I was up there , in a funny little
village of wooden huts , perched up
higher in the mountains than ever the
pines care to climb.
"The coupl were separating on the
score of incompatability-yes , they're
progressive enough for that-and as .
the land up so high is pretty arid it . '
didn't take long to go into the prop-
erty question. There were four chil-
dren , so that was aU right , too. I
don't know what would happen if
there were three or five in such a
case ; perhaps they'd resort to a Solo-
mon judgment. .
"At any rate , the hitch came in the
question of the house. There was
only one of it and naturaIly both
needed it. Of course , you think the .
man should have given way , but wom- " .
an's equality is too absolute out there
to have any nonsensical notions about
"Wen , it ended quite peaceably , at
any rate. In their honeymooning days
they had built the house together , so
now they simply repeated the perform-
ance with equal labor , hanging a sec-
ond little wooden hut with a shaggy
roof over their perpendicular comote
bed. Whether they were reunited by
this reminder of their youth and early
love is more than I can say , though , of
course , that's the proper sequel to the
"The women have the sama inde-
pendent rights of earning money or
food as the men and they go about it
in the same way. You can see them
any day digging up the sweet pota-
toes that grow in little patches all
over the mountain ridges , or wading
waist deep in the mucky rice fields
that terrace the slopes or cllmbing up
the paths with a loaded wicker cage
on their backs like any man pollsta.
"Sometimes It is father and some-
times mother who looks after the
house after the housework and the tat ,
naked babies-sometimes the lean
family dogs. It aU depends In which
member of the hom3ehold is the tired-
est-that one gets the easy work tor
awhile. It's very pretty to see the
way a baby girl is welcomed IntG a
family Her Igarrote parents are quite
as delighted with her as if she were a
boy-there's no disadvantage to her In
her sex ; that It , as far as her people
are concerned : '
Buy Milk In Pieces
A paper caUed The Baker says tha :
the people of Siberia buy their milk
frozen , and for convenience it is al-
lowed to freezed about a sUck , which
forms a handle to carry it by. The
ml1kman leaves one chunk or two , as
the case may be , at the homes of his
customers. The children of Irkutak
instead of crying for a drink of milk ,
cry for a bite of milk. The people in
winter time do not say : "Be careful
Dot to spi1l the milk , " but "Be careful
not . to break the milk. " Broken mi1k
Isbetter than spilled milk , though , be-
cause there is an opportunity to save
the pieces. A quart of frozen milk on
a stick is a very formidable weapon In
the hand of an angry man or boy , as
it is possible to knock a person down
with it. Irkutsk people hang their
milk on hooks instead of putting it in
pans , though , of course , when warm
spring weather comes , pans and pails
are used , as the milk begins to melL
"Our bo's" must not think thRt
courage , muscle and a good eye are
all that Is needful to make a first-rate
air-man. All the French flyers of a
high class are first-rate mathematic-
ians. Bleriot and.Aubrunn were grad-
uated from the two great engIne'ring
schools. The others , impeIIed by their
taste , became mathematicians as best
they could in private study , at me-
chanics' institutes and at night lee.
: ures.-London Truth.
His Awful Threat.
"No. sir , " said l\r. Meekton , warm-
17. "no man would dare say I am hen-
"Why not ? " asked a near relation
with a tinge of sarcasm in her voice.
"Because if he did I'd tell Henri-
.ttl : nf biro.-Stray : Stories .
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