Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, September 23, 1909, Image 3

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, I' , An Era of i Great Achievement
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57he Dotted Line Shows Path of the Man Who First Reported the Discovery , While the Black Line Is
the Route of His Rival.
-I 1 HE scientific world , evidently , is
to be treated ; to an unpleasant ex
j.J 4 hibition of bickering between the
( two Americans who have returned
, from the top of the world. In the
\ world-wide controversy as to the
. ; ' 7i , discovery of the north pole we
have so far only one man's word
- a against another's. On his way
I back to civilization Commander
: „ - Robert E. Peary flashed a mes-
"r' . , oage by wireless in which he
w practically gave to Dr. Frederick
A. Cook the lie direct. "Cook's
story , " he said , "should not be
taken too seriously. The two Eskimos who accompa-
. . nied him say he went no distance north and not out
) " of sight of land. Other members of the tribe cor-
roborate their story. " Plainly before he left Greenland
Peary heard of Cook's claim to the discovery of the
pole and put Cook's two Eskimo companions through a
f ; A quarrel between the men will not settle the contro-
versy. The world will demand proof from both.
Cook declares he left his data with Harry Whitney
at Etah , Greenland , and until Mr. : : Whitney reaches the
United States the world must wait for Cook to submit
his proofs. In the absence of scientific proof from
either man , the Chicago Inter Ocean thinks Peary has
made out a more satisfactory case.
The settlement of the question as to whether Peary
or Cook discovered the pole is essential to the world's
I peace of mind. It would be hard , indeed , if Cook were
the first to set foot at the earth's summit and yet were
. I denied the glory of his achievement. There seems but
one way in which the controversy can be settled satis-
factorily. This is by the adjudication of an authorita-
tive body of scientific men to which the data of each
explorer should be submitted. That the case will reach
this stage at last is even now foreshadowed. The board
which will determine the question probably will be
composed of members of the National Geographical So-
ciety. The hearing of the evidence will be , in effect , a
trial. The plaintiffs at the bar will be charged with '
discovering the north pole. Both will plead guilty.
And the board , sitting in judgment , will sentence one
or the other to immortality as the greatest discoverer
of this age.
Truly we are in the age of marvelous achievement.
Not satisfied with annihilating time by the railroad
and the steamboat and the telephone and the motor
car , we are harnessing the air to serve our pleasure
and convenience. We are wresting from nature secrets
which were locked in her bosom for centuries and
which all that time seemed impossible to obtain. And
how these triumphs follow in quick : succession ! Within
a fortnight the announcement of the discovery of the
north pole by two men , and both Americans , astounded
the civilized world. For 350 years the search for it
has been going on , and at last nature has been com-
pelled to give up this secret. An American has demon-
strated in a European atmosphere that'an airship can
travel nearly a mile a minute. A submarine boat has
proved that under water she can travel as fast as the
speediest battleship. A great vessel , the Lusitania , has
cut down Columbus' time of two months in crossing the
Atlantic to 4 days , 11 hours and 42 minutes. Such a
chapter as the above could not be written in any other
year since the creation. Such dazzling achievement in
a few days astounds the searcher after knowledge.
Cook's feat alone was big enough for a century ; but we
have another one just as astonishing , and both flashed
to the world by aid of the new wireless telegraph with-
in six days of each other. Verily we are in the cycle
of wonderland ! And all owing to enlightenment and
the surpassing fortitude of human hearts steeled to
suffering and of infinite patience.
I.I i i I I Peary " I SAW IT FIRST" Cook II
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4 t I POMJ7A.7lrDER 25. 23. .7" .E71R. : y. _ : u. S" : II' , " " " ' " I I
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Thousands Await the Monthly Fore-
cast of Farming Conditions
Issued by Government.
. . .
Host of Correspondents in All Parts
of the Country Contribute to the
Valuable Information.
Washington correspondence :
There is almost no season of the
year when there are not thousands up-
on thousands of eager seekers for
news waiting anxiously for the month-
ly forecasts of the United States gov-
ernment crop-reporting bureau at
Washington. Different portions of the
business , industrial and agricultural
communities are swayed by this en-
grossing curiosity : at different periods ,
accordingly as the crops in which they
are vitally interested are under in-
spection. The crop reports issued from
Washington twelve times a year are
simply forecasts or very accurate pre-
dictions , based upon secret , far-reach-
ing information as to the size and
character of maturing crops.
In its activities the United States
crop reporting bureau might be com-
pared in some degree to the United
States weather bureau , another branch
of the Department of Agriculturewith
which it was once proposed to com-
bine it. Whereas the weather sharps ,
however , merely tell the farmer and
the mariner what they .may or may not
safely do during the next few days ,
the crop experts tell the planters , the
wheat growers and the manufacturers
something of what may be expected at
harvest time weeks or months hence
and thus enable them to act intelli-
gently with regard to contracts and
prices. In' other words , it places ev-
erybody on the same footing by giving
free to all the information which
would otherwise confer a tremendous
advantage on the wealthy firms and
individuals that could spend the mon- I
ey necessary to secure it privately. I
The United States government first
made provision for the collection of
agricultural statistics upward of two-
thirds of a century ago , or more than
a score of years be'fore the Depart-
ment of Agriculture was established.
Probably the most picturesque fea
ture of the system of governmental
crop reporting is found in the co-op
eration of an army of nearly 250,000
farmers , bankers , merchants , cotton
ginners , agents of transportation lines ,
mill and elevator proprietors and oth-
er persons who are in a position to
have inside information regarding the
crops. All of these men are glad to
help the government by contributing
the data from their respective locali-
ties for the reason that each is desir-
ous of knowing at the earliest possible
moment the extent . ( in the whole
country ) of the crop in which he is
The field marshals of the American
crop-reporting army comprise thirty-
eight State statistical agents , each re
ceiving at me rate of from $300 to
$800 a year. Each of these maintains
a corps of assistants or correspond-
ents , entirely independent of the other
correspondents in the State reporting
directly to Washington. There are , all
told , nearly 10,000 of these aids to
State statisticians and their numerical
strength in the different States ranges
from about twenty in Delaware to
more than 500 in Michigan.
The State agent does not merely
compile and condense the figures re
ceived from his correspondents. He
analyzes the data that come to him
and in the light of his own knowledge
of conditions draws conclusions as to
the outlook in his territory.
Dig Army of Correspondents.
Aside from the cordon of State corps
there is a dual organization of crop
reporters covering the entire country
who report direct to Washington.
First , there is in every agricultural
county a correspondent , who has from
two to four assistant correspondents.
These county correspondents and sub-
correspondents number in the entire
country nearly 11,000. Then , in addi-
tion , every township and voting pre-
cinct in the United States in which
farming operations of any kind are
carried on has a correspondent , this
force numbering more than 30,000.
The great secrecy regarding the crop
forecasts which the government is at
such pains to preserve concerns not
the first-hand investigations of the
field workers and correspondents , but
the compilation in Washington of the
grand totals whereby the fragmentary
information from all parts of th > r coun-
try is merged in a general forecast of
tr&mendous Slg11l " 'fi cance.
The reports as received from the
correspondents are ( the majority re-
port by mail , though some at distant
points telegraph in secret code ) tabu-
lated by different groups of clerks ,
working in separate rooms and ig .
norant of each other's activities.
These compilations , as rapidly as
completed , are locked in a huge cabi-
net in the office of the chief statisti-
cian. Here likewise are stored the re
ports of the State statistical agents ,
which it is stipulated must be pre-
served with unbroken seals until the I
officials enter upon the work of mak-
ing up the general report.
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"I've Conquered the Air , I've got the Pole-What Is There Left to Do " " > i
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MISSOURI judge has given official expression to views on the. "
Af marriage question that deserve more consideration than the :
A will receive on the court records. He was hearing a case in
which a husband demanded divorce because his wife had an.
extreme case of the nagging habit. "I have lived with this-
. woman ten years , " he told the judge , "and I haven't had a
minute's peace in all that time. She began finding fault on tho-
first day of our honeymoon , and she has been at it ever since. " In granting :
the decree the court volunteered a few epigrammatic comments. Here are-
a few of them : "No woman has respect for a man who permits nagging.
A subdued husband is a mighty unpromising , piece of furniture in a happy
home. The henpecked husband gets no sympathy at home or abroad and
deserves none. I believe the Lord intended men to govern the house , and
when they fail to assume the responsibility they do it at the peril of their
domestic happiness. " Some men have the idea that when they promised
to "love , honor and cherish this woman" they bound themselves to humor
all her whims and submit to any imposition. There is no greater mistake
in the world.
Like the Missouri judge , I have no pity for the henpecked husband ,
says a writer in the Chicago Journal. Why should I sympathize with hinx
for what is his own fault ? There are few exceptions to the rule that no
woman becomes an habitual scold if she has the right sort of a husband
Whatever our "advanced" women may say to the contrary , the normal
feminine nature seeks a master. When a woman marries one of those un-
spirited , Joblike husbands , she instinctively starts out to make a man of
She jabs him tentatively with her only weapon , her tongue ; looking for
some manifestation of really masculine spirit as she looks for her baby's-
first tooth. If he responds their happiness is settled. She has satisfied her-
self that she has married a man , and not a mere imitation. She may : cry a
little and accuse him of being a brute , but in her inmost heart she places
him on a pedestal that she had been just a little in doubt whether he could
occupy. If he fails to rise to the occasion , there is no hope for him. Sh&
may decide to make the best of a bad bargain and do her utmost to over-
look his deficiency. More : often she tries again and again to rouse him to.
resistance. Her shrewishness is merely a desperate attempt to awaken in.
him some sign of the masterful spirit that her nature demands. No won '
der the attitude that first was assumed becomes a habit. She takes a sav .
age delight in browbeating the man who has failed to measure up to her-
Mrs. John Spirkel , 2578 North Pau-
lina street , in a fashionable neighbor-
hood of Chicago , wants to let her
home to negroes and will call it "Col-
ored People's Rest. " The woman's atti-
tude is the result of a flat building
being erected on the lot adjoining her
home , and after resorting to various
other methods of "getting even , " she
tacked a sign or her house announc-
ing it would be occupied as a colored
people's rest.
"If they take one step toward the
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ruination of our street , then I intend
to take another , " she said. "I will not
live next to this homely flat building ,
and that is all there is to it. My
own home will be turned over to col
ored fami"00 I insist that this is my
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N'i - - .
"The pig in the parlor" was out-
done by the cow in the kitchen that
ate all the provender , winding up by
swallowing two cakes of soap for des-
' sert. This unusual and horrid . act was-
i perpetrated near Waterloo , Iowa , at
' the habitation occupied temporarily
jby i Mrs. H. T. Fisher and eight girl'
members of her Bible class , and oc
curred during the absence of the party
while they were bathing in the Cedar
river. When the girls left their domi- :
cile they little thought that they were-
to hove callers. The door must have-
been left ajar , else the four-footed
marauder could not have entered. The-
cow got in , at any rate , and proceeded
to make way with all the eatables ra-
sight , among which were five loaves
of bread , a quantity of lemons and'
oranges and two cakes of soap. The-
girls returned in time to see the ] ast :
cake disappear.
privilege. Contractors are remodeling
my home into a three-flat buildings
The work will be finished in four
weeks. I am already : packing my house-
hold effects and my husband and I
will give way : to negro tenants just as
soon as possible after all arrangements
have been made.
"I have called upon the police and .
have demanded that my negro tenants
be given full protection from annoy-
ance by the neighbors , " said Mrs. Spir
kel. "I intend to turn my home over
to the negroes , and I defy any one is >
this community to molest them. " -
The neighbors declared they would . . . , .
prevent negroes from entering the
neighborhood , and expressed wrath a.
Mrs. Spirkel. , , .