Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, December 24, 1908, Image 2

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    S
The report of Secretary of War
Wright estimates the cost of the next
year's operations at $189,755,000 , or ail
Increase of $52,000,000 over the ex
penses of the current year , most of the
Increase being intended for river and
harbor and other public works. About
$10,000,000 is to go to the support of
the West Point Military Academy. He
asks for (512 ( more officers for the army ,
which is no\v ! ) , ( XJO short of its author
ized strength. Its present status is
4,110 ollh-ers and (58.512 ( enlisted men.
Of tins number . " : { . ( 'CO are serving in
this country and 12.000 in the Philip
pines , r. . < K0 ; in Cuba , 1.0(10 in Alaska ,
GOO in Porto Kieo , 25(5 in Hawaii and
several hundreds en route. The num
ber of desertions fell off 4.per ( \ cent.
For the development of air navigation
$500,000 is asked.
John Barrett , director of the Inter
national Bureau of American Itppu'il'cs ,
in his nnnu.'il report says that the three
things necessary to establish satisfac
tory trade relations with the South
American republics are first-class mail ,
passenger and express steamers running
regularly between the chief ports of the
United Stales and those of South Amer
ica on tooth the east and west coasts.
lie points out that a business letter can
be sent to Europe and an answer re
ceived before one can be received in
New York. In addition to improved
shipping facilities , lie suggests the es
tablishment of banks controlled by the
United "States and native capital , or of
direct and exclusive agencies of Uuiteo
States bants.
In his annual report to Congress Sec
retary of the Treasury Cortelyou shows
that the largest factor in the $58,000-
000 deficit at the end of the fiscal year
was a falling off of $42,000,000 in cus
toms. A deficit of $114,000,000 for the
current year is estimated and he ad
vises the tariff revisers to proceed with
great caution and the legislators to
have regard for economy if the govern
ment is to avoid still larger deficit in
the following years. To relieve the
gold-moving strain he suggests the pos
sibility of getting the leading nations
to agree to the issuance of an interna
tional gold certificate.
The United States Bureau of Soils
has just completed the soil survey of
North Dakota authorized by the last
Congress. The report is now in pre
paration , and when completed will beef
of great interest to those expecting to
settle in the semi-arid districts of the
Northwest. The force will make a sim
ilar investigation in Texas during the
winter , and will move to Montana in
the spring. There were found in North
Dakota no less than twenty-five differ
ent types of soils. The larger part of
the area consists of the level , treeless
prairies , and here the soil was found
to be very well adapted to dry farming.
.
* *
It was announced at Washington that
Mr. Roosevelt's hunting trip in South
Africa is not to be a private enterprise ,
but that he will lead an expedition out
fitted by the Smithsonian Institution.
He will start from New Yorlc in March ,
1909. Three representatives of the in
stitute will accompany the President ,
and his son Kermit will go as official
photographer. Roosevelt is to pay his
own and his son's expenses on the trip.
_ * _ _ *
! J-
Forty-two steam and thirteen sailing
vessels were built in the United States
and officially numbered during the
month of November last , according tea
a report of the bureau of navigation of
the Department of Commerce and La
bor. All of the steam and seven "of the
sail vessels were of steel construction.
The $300,000.000 Panama bond issue
lias been three times oversubscribed ,
bids amounting to over $72,000,000 be
ing rejected. Small bidders were fa
vored to a large extent , the full amount
being distributed among 159 persons or
bunts. The National Park Bank of
New York leads with $000,000.
The War Department has decided to
try the plan of immunizing the soldiers
of the army from typhoid by vaccina
tion. After a study of the results of
this method as used in Europe , a board
of medical scientists concluded that the
serum was at least harmless and might
prove effective.
- - ' - ' "
The Commissioner of the General
Laud Office says it will be only a com
paratively few years before anirriga
tion project which will cost as high as
$200 an acre will be considered practicable -
ticable , the market for the land jus
tifying such an expenditure.
Starting with eighty-three carrier * im
1897 , the free delivery service of the
Postoflice Department now has 39,143
carriers , and the ratio of increase is
being kept up from year to year. This
bit of information comes from the re
port of Fourth Assistant Postmaster
General Ie Graw. The -service is In
operation on > 43OS7 , miles of road.
There are now in operation 39,272
routes. Higher wages to rural carriers
.are urged.
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Woman Runs n. Ranch.
Mrs. li. Grumbles , of Carrizozo , N.
M. , is a resourceful little woman , a
good mother , an Immaculate house
keeper , a business woman , a X'anch
owner and "the
cattle on a thou
sand hills" bear
her mark and
brand. Her ranch
home is five miles
north of the town.
It is a beautiful
little home in the
valley , nestled at
the fee t of the
mountains , where
the odor of the
c e d a r fl oats
ilRS. GKLilBLKS. through IkT COOl
rooms , lending additional i-i-stiulness to
the place. Virginia creejwr and bitter
sweet vines shade the gallery and a
sweet eglantine brier grows close to the
door. Other roses thrive and the "salt
cedar" waves its long plumes of pink
flowers gracefully to the mountain
breeze.
Mrs. Grumbles went to New Mexico
twenty years ago with her husband ,
and seventeen of these years have been
spent at her Carrizozo ranch. She was
left a widow twelve years ago. with
seven children , five daughters and two
BODS.
BODS.Mrs.
Mrs. Grumbles attends to all the bus
iness of the ranch , even to the most
minute details , and she has all well in
hand.
What Kind in Worst ?
Many a nervous woman has occasion
to consider what kind of a noise is
most likely to banish sleep. It is not
strange that the crusade against un
necessary noise should be led by a wo
man , and that she should find thou
sand of eager supporters among her
sex.
sex.The
The country and the city present dif
ferent problems to the seeker for quiet.
The steady roar of the city street is
often less trying than the persistent
crow of the early-rising rooster or the
clng of the cow bell. The neighbor
who sifts coal ashes before light be
longs to the same class with the one
who narrates his family affairs at
dawn under the window in a loud and
cheerful voice.
The shriek of the whistle , the call of
the newsboy , the rattle of the milk
cart are all "trialsome , " ' as a certain
old lady used to say of her children ,
but perhaps the most unforgivable
noise for a sensitive person Is one
which recurs at slightly Irregular in
tervals , and for a long period. The
drip of a water pipe , the whine of a
dog , the slam of a blind these are
the noises which destroy temper and
Bleep , even for well women. When one
has struggled through a night tor
tured by such objectionable clamors ,
one realizes the full meaning of the
poet's dream of peace , where "Silence
like a poultice comes , to heal the blows
of sound ! " Youth's Companion.
Evening Gotvn.
Nile green crepe de chine was used in
the making of this fetching evening
frock which is cut en princesse with
long train and sleeves. The low cut
bodice is trimiwd with shawl-like
pieces over shoulders , bordered at top
with gold embroidery in Greek design
and edged at bottom with narrow gold
fringe. These pieces are put on in such
manner as to give a bolero effect and
where they meet in front are two roses
made from cloth of gold.
Geranium
The geranium sachet to place among
Christmas gifts is made with crus'.n'd
geranium leaves , orls root , lemon iieel
an < 5 ground vanilla bean. One can
proportion it to suit the fancy , making
ano odor predominate. A good sachet
to put into heavy pin cushions Is
made with dried coffee grounds , nl- !
spice , cinnamon , cloven , orris root ,
ground vanilla bean and musk. . The
jcent is strong , lasting and ple-ixani.
Ehe coffee grounds make an excellent
leavy filling. Dry them thoroughly in
: he oven.
The American V/OEII.
'
We Americans are not yet quite abh ;
: o distinguish a type , either of man or
voman , that has developed out of our
rery complex ethnographic condition.
We think at times we can see certain
qualities or characteristics so grouped
In an individual as to make us say for
the moment that there is an "Ameri
can. " The American woman is , per
haps , even a little more undeveloped ,
to our thinking , than is the American
man. We admire or tremble before
women of a certain air or quality ; but
this very mien and. quality of her do
not seem permanent , fixed ; and the wo
man we class as "American" to-day
may be altogether different from the
imperious creature we crowned yes
terday. Perhaps It is with regard to
the woman as It is with respect to the
past. It takes the tone of distance ,
space , to bring out the glory and the
distinction to orb her. Columbia ( S.
C. ) State.
HOTT to Sit Gracefully.
The vast majority of women do not
know how to sit down properly or
gracefully. Almost every woman when
she sits down , sits but half way on the
chair and then leans back so that the
TWO STRIKING COSTUMES.
I
Green Jiroadeloth.
A fascinating shade of light-weight
green broadcloth was used in executing
above model. The military effect on bodice
ice was made with narrow black soutache
and small covered buttons and the cleverly
draped sash is black satin , the ends bor
dered with deep black silk fringe. There
is a plastron of ecru lace with stock ar
rangement of black satin topped with ecru
lace frill.
back Is curved and the entire weight
comes on the end of the epine. This Is
an extremely unhealthy position as well
as an ungraceful one.
When sitting down be sure that your
hips are never further forward than
your shoulders. The proper way to sit
is to have your hips as far back In the
chair as they will go and firmly settle
( here and then imagine the upper part
of your body a stem , swaying as it will.
You can lean forward or sideways , but
vou will never want to lean back. You
even will find it easy to stoop and pick
something off the lloor. You always
ivill look well when sitting In this posi
tion , even if you are stout , and if you
rt-ant to lean back you can be what few
women are graceful in a steamer
chair.
The simulated buttonhole , elaborately
.vorked. is seen on every variety of
? own.
Net waists , lined with china allk.
iave tucked fronts and backs and lung
; Jeeves.
The earring is still pronounced , large
> earls and semiprecious stones being
'reely ' worn.
Jumpers are modified into the direc-
eire waistcoat of lace or linen worn
Mider coats.
Black fringe is especially popular
his season ; also the braid trimming
vith side fringe.
Corsets are high in the bust , small
ind round in the waist and very long
'roil ! the waist down.
New cloak gowns , which may be
i-oni i\s an outdoor garment or as a
irincess rube , come in broadcloth. In
black , navy blue , violet and emota
color.
Embroidered roses in natural shades
will be found upon sheer dresses made
over satin foundations.
Russian turbans of white marabou
and spotless ermine are destined to bd
taken up for visiting hats.
Fur cloth bands are much used as the
finishing touch to the edge of a coat or
extreme edge of a dress skirt.
Blue comes first. In fall colors , and
the rich dark tone navy will be em
ployed in many smart gowns.
Buttons are not prominent in new
automobile coats , but the collars and
cuffs are extravagantly ornate.
Trimming1 Under IlatH.
As if it were not enough to swoop
the brims down over the hair , millin
ers now add trimming under the brim.
There Is no return of a bandeau , but
the trimming fills in all the spaces that
might be exposed by the lift of the hat.
Flowers are sometimes used , but more
often ostrich tips , rosettes of filet tulle
and broad bows of satin ribbon with
Cedar Brown Voile.
One piece costume of cedar brown silk 1
voille , with long-trained skirt joined to /
short-waisted bodice by a deep girdle of
brown chiffon velvet. A surplice effect
is given the waist line by a double row
of quilled brown silk on each side cross
ing at waist line. A fancy collar and
stock are made from cream lace and the
long sleeves are plaited from shoulder to
hand where they are finished by a frill of
lace similar to that around neck. ,
short ends. The woman who has re
moved the bandeau from last winter's
hat and finds that It continues to lift
up too much from the head can attach
one of these satin bows beneath the
brim at any point where the exposure
is too pronounced.
There are fewer quills on hats than
last year.
Feather trimming upon hats contin
ues very profuse.
Ottoman silk is used for making hats
as well as fancy coats.
Most of the hat shapes give the ef
fect of excessive flatness. j
The low effect Is adhered to In the '
latest hats trimmed with ostrich. i
Plumage hats are in again , princi
pally in dark , natural pheasant shades.
For winter millinery a profusion of
roses , both large and small , will be J
used.
The shape of the new hats is likely
to prove trying until the coiffure Is
adapted to them.
Te Revive Flowers.
To revive flowers which have be
come somewhat faded and tired , put
them into hot water. Hot water , from
90 to 110 degrees Fahrenheit is the
best "pick me up" for flowers which
have traveled some distance.
A spray of arranged flowers should
be kept on a piece of damp cotton
wool under a basin. This treatment
excludes tbe air and preserves the blos
soms. The delicate fronds of ferns
can be kept quite fresh In thl way.
To thaw frosted flowers immerse them
deeply in cold water.
To keep u buttonhole flower In good
condition burn the end of the stems
or close them with scaling wax. This
prevents the sap from escaping , the ,
flower keeping fresh as long as it has
sap to feed on. Floral decorations
which must be kept in a certain posi
tion may be preserved by using
sand sprinkled with sulphate of ammo
nia.
THE BATTLE WITH INSECTS.
The Fight Which Costs Our Country
$700,000,000 Every Year.
Few realize it. but it is a fact never
theless , that the United States pays a
heavier toll to man's insect enemies
than does any other laud on the face
of the earth. For it has been discov
ered and the United States Depart
ment of Agriculture has recently made
it public that the losing battle we
wage every year against the chinch bug
and his various and vagarious allies of
field and forest furnish an annual de
ficit on farm products that are worth
5,000,000,000 , of $700.000,000.
'Not only do those defeats cost us
more than the army and the grand
navy we would hate to use , but they
exceed , besides , the expense of the
ivhole pension list and the price we pay
'or maintaining the entire national gov-
M-nment.
Half a billion of that stupendous tax
. ( vied by our insect enemies yearly is
taken away from us while we are grow
ing the crops that are to feed us from
fear to year ; the foe does not wait
jntil his loot is ripe.
Another $100.000.000 is destroyed
ivhile cereals and forage crops are in
storage , before their human owners can
Consume them ; and still another $100-
: DOO.CGO is ruined in our forests and i'or-
L'st products , a resource in which our
{ awn improvidence has already left us
; 10or as church mice. ,
j The chinch bug takes from the na-
' Mon's $1,000.000.000 corn crop , a toll
no larger than the corn root worm ; and
; he $20.0CO , < JCO worth ruined by each of
them is equaled by the depredations of
aalf a hundred other insatiable robbers
wircworms , cutworms , army worms ,
stalk-borers , plant lice , locusts and
grasshoppers.
The Hessian fly usually charges oui
svheat crop about $40,000,000 for the
: -ost of his entertainment ; but some-
rimes , as in 1000 , he costs $100,000,000.
In the South the cotton boll weevil ,
: hewing up $20,000,000 of one of the
land's great staples , is aided to the ex
tent of $10,000.000 by the bollworm and
the leafworm.
In the apple orchards , the ubuquitous
coddling moth enjoys a banquet that
costs us $20,000,000 , while the insect '
enemies of trees , pursuing their nefari
ous activities into the farmer's woodlot
and the national forest reserves , eat up \
no less than $70,000,000 of growing timj j
her during any twelvemonth the forest
ers keep watch upon them.
Those 'bloody culprits , the ox warble.
nnd the various biting flies and ticks
including buffalo cnats , gadflies , botflies
and screw-worm flies amid an endless
animal anguish which man has thus far \
failed to prevent , slaughter values in }
live slock to the extent of $173,000,000.
The number of union laborers in Hol
land is estimated at 75,000.
The cloth hat and cap makers of St.
Louis have recently organized their first
local union in that city.
Engineers in Germany , who have run
their locomotives for ten years without }
accident , are rewarded by the govern
ment.
A compilation of trades union statis
tics in the principal countries places the
number of members in good standing at
0,000,000.
The Iron Molders' Union of North
America is planning to celebrate its fif
tieth anniversary in an appropriate man
ner. The date has not yet been set.
A free course of instruction in steam
engineering for members has been ar
ranged recently by the Stationary Fire
men's Union of Boston and it promises
to be well attended.
A bill to provide for a State tax to he
used for the aid of injured miners and
families of men killed in the mines of the
State will be presented to the Pennsylva
nia State Legislature.
According to the report of the United
States bureau of labor , the retail price
of the principal articles of food was 20.6
per cent higher in 1907 than at any time
during the period from 1S90 to 1S99.
The product of finished iron and steel
in Pennsylvania in 1907 involved the em
ployment of 137,712 persons , who earned
$91,413,384during the year. More than
one-half of this product was manufac
tured in the county of Allegheny.
Coal forms So per cent of the mining
output of Germany. Other minerals are
salt , iron ores , copper , lead , zinc , pyrites ,
gold , silver , manganese , arsenic , saltpeter ,
vitriol and alum. The number of work
men employed in the different mines is
estimated at about 700,000 and the com
panies engaged in mining number 2,000.
The British appeal court has handed
3own a decision to the effect that a trades
union cannot levy compulsory fees on its
members to maintain the labor representa
tives in Parliament. This case was ap
pealed from the decision of Justice Ne-
fille , who held that the Amalgamated So-
: iety of Railway Servants was entitled to
make such levies. The appeal court de
cided that the ruling of the justice was
illegal.
President Charles W. Eliot of Har-
rard , speaking at a meeting for the or
ganization of the Massachusetts State
: hild labor committee , declared that in
lis belief the rules of the labor unions
m apprentices are a drawback to the
workers against child labor.
A-n imposing Anglo-German working-
Hen's peace demonstration was held at
Berlin , Germany , recently. More than
> 0,000 German workmen , representing
icarly every industry , gathered to wel-
delegation representing the British
: oine a
vorkmen in the interest of iuteruationa/ /
irbitration.
WORK OF
The Senate was not in session Satur
day. No particular program had been
mapped out , but under a call of com
mittees several measures in which the
interested
members were especially
were considered. With few exceptions
they engendered the liveliest sort of de
bate. Parliamentary tactics were free
ly resorted to , with the result that five
times the roll was called. The first
wrangle occurred on a resolution fixing
the boundary line between the States
of Colorado , Oklahoma and New Mexico
ice , which was adopted by a good ma
jority , but not without two roll calls.
The House then by a decisive vote re
fused further to consider the bill pro
viding for arbitrary settlement of dis
putes between employers and employes.
Next the bill providing for the protec
tion of aliens in the United States was
thrashed out at length. The measure
had rough sailing , and it was pass-id
by a slim majority after the roll had
been
The Brownsville affair
nearly the entire" session of the Senate-
Monday. Senator Foraker obtained the
floor early and read letters from u for
mer soldier of the Twenty-fifth regi
ment telling of the procedure of gov
ernment detectives in attempts to get
a confession from him. Mr. Forakex
introduced an amendment to his orig
inal bill for the re-enlistment of these
soldiers providing that a commission
of three retired army officers be cre
ated to determine whether discharged
soldiers are innocent of complicity in
the shooting up of Brownsville as a
prerequisite for their reinlistment , in
stead of leaving that duty with the-
Presidenr. as provided by the Warner
bill. The President's message giving
the results of the War Department's-
investigation of the Brownsville affair
was read and .Mr. Foraker again took
the floor to comment upon the mes
sage. While considering tills dealing-
with affairs in the District of Colum
bia the House passed a measure for
So-cont gas in Washington. The bill
now goes to the Senate , as well as an
other bill abolishing "bucket shops" iu-
the District.
The President's Panama canal message-
was read in the Senate Tuesday and its
reading was received with loud laugh
ter by some of the Senators. Senator
Foraker endeavored to have adopted a
resolution calling on the Secretary of
War for detailed information concernIng -
Ing the men employed , instructions giv
en and expenses incurred in the in
vestigation by detectives into tho-
Bnnvnsville affair , referred to by the-
President in his message of Monday.
Senator Warren objected to iinmcdiate-
coi'sideration. The postal savings bank
bill was the subject of speeches by Sen
ators Carter aiul Depew , both of whom
advocated the measure. The hopes of
the so-called insurgents for .1 revision
of the rules of the House were dissi
pated , for the time being at least , when
Mr. Gardner of Massachusetts failed to-
obtain the adoption of an amended resolution
elution calling for the appointment of
a committee of eight members to con
sider the subject and report the
changes deemed necessary. By a sub
stantial majority the House voted to-
take away from the Committee on For
eign Affairs consideration of the reso
lution , which in its original form , sim
ply called for information from the Sec
retary of State regarding what tbe-
British House of Commons had done in-
that regard. A ruling by the Speaker
that the amendment of Mr. Gardner
changed the character of the resolution-
in such a way as to make it not privi
leged was sustained and the resolution
then was laid on the table.
In the Senate
considerable time
was-
devoted Wednesday to a discussion or
the President's course in placing stric
tures on Congress in the matter of the-
secret service , and a searching resolu li
tion , proposed by Mr. Aldrich and
amended upon the suggestion of Mr.
Culberson , providing for a thorough in
vestigation by the
committee on appro
priations of the President's charges ,
"
both in hespect to the acts and "the-
course that should be taken by Con
gress to resent the imputation believed
to have been cast upon that body , was
adopted. Mr. Aldrifj. in introducing-
his resolution , made no comment upon
it. but Senators Bailey. Bacon. Till-
man. Culberson and others declared
that President's words should be
re-
Bented by the Senate as highly insult-
Ing. Senator Foraker's resolution callIng -
Ing on the Secretory of War for in
formation concerning the work of de til
tectives in the
Brownsville
affair also-
was adopted. Except for a few mo
ments spent in the transaction
of rou-
tim- business
and the
passage of two.
bridge bills the House devoted Its en
tire time to the further consideration
Df the bill to revise the !
penal laws of
the United States.
INTERESTING NEWS ITEMS
Bloodhounds will be added tn"n ,
Washington police force for work in l *
niburbs. n " *
At Elsmere , Del.
, the plant of p T > ,
menthal & Co. . glazed kid mannfa fe t
a <
-tarer
ivas almost
entirely burned. >
Sixty-five families
were i
3y a fire in Gentralia , Pa
n-er three blocks. Lost
Mrs. Lillian H. Dotv
'
granted a divorce at
Bitted suicide in aJrookly