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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 3, 1908)
Coincident with the publication of tha
Newport conference on naval construc
tion , it has leaked out that Secretary
of the Navy Motcalf several months
ago sent to Admiral Sperry of the bat
tleship Hoot a copy of the letter writ
ten by Commander Key criticising the
design of the North Dakota and ask
ing for the opinions of all the officers
of the fleet. Sperry has now sent a re
port showing that 90 per cent of the
oflicers supported Key. Sperry had each
battleship carefully measured and sev-
ral showed an overdraft of about two
feet This tends to sustain the criti
cisms of Reuterdahl and others. The
report of the Newport conference ,
which was given out seml-ollicially , says
that the consensus of expert opinion
was that the plates had been rightly
placed aud that the design of the North
Dakota was excellent. The conference
did , however , discover some minor de
fects in the location and protection of
magazines and expressed the view that
the 32-inch guns are inferior to those
now being used on British ships of the
In a letter to Prof. L. II. Bailey of
[ thaca. chairman of the Country Life
Commission , recently appointed , Presi
dent Roosevelt suggests that the com
mission ask the farmers and all those
whose life work is in the open country
to come together in the different school
districts , using the schoolhouses for
mooting places , and discuss such mat
ters as the efficiency of the rural
schools , farmers' organizations , farm
labor , need of good roads , better postal
facilities and sanitary conditions on
the farm. He tells the commission that
Its work is to ascertain what are the
general economic , social , educational
and sanitary conditions the open
country , and what , if anything , the
farmers can do to help themselves , and
what the government can best do to
help them. The president announced
that he would add two extra members
to the commission , making seven in all.
An estimate that the losses during
the months when forest fires have been
prevailing in various parts of the Unit
ed States have aggregated $1.000.000
per day. was made liy W. J. McGee , the
erosion expert of the Department of
Agriculture. The forest service in a
statement says that probably in every
instance the devastating forest fires
night have been prevented if the sev
eral States had provided an adequate
number of men to patrol the woods
and arrest the fires in their incipiency ,
and if lumbermen and other users of
the forests had been careful to dispose
of brush after logging so as to pre
vent the spread of fires.
Bids have been opened at the Navj
Department for the construction of
eight submarine torpedo boats , for
which Congress has appropriated $3-
500,000. The Electric Boat Company
of Quincy , Mass. , bid.for boats of 433
tons displacement from $414,000 to
$444.000 , according to the class and
number of boats built on the Atlantic
coast For a boat of 373 tons displace
ment the prices range from $360,000 to
$390,000. The Lake Torpedo Boat Com
pany , Bath , Me. , bid on boats of 51S
tons displacement from $433,000 to
$100.000 , and on boats of 410 tons dis
placement from $382,300 to $410,000.
For boats built on the Pacific coast the
prices quoted are much higher.
Under the direction of Prof. I. H
Bailey , the Country Life Commission
recently appointed by President Roosevelt
velt is sending out a letter of inquiry
to 300,000 persons , the replies to be
tabulated by the Census Bureau. The
questions relate to the conditions of
farm homes , conditions of rural
schools , whether the farmers get rea
sonable returns for their labor , rea
sonable service from highways of
transportation , if their postal service
is adequate , about organization , rent
ing , help blanks , insurance , etc. Any
one may receive a copy of this circu
lar for the asking.
. * .
Postmaster General Sydney Buxton ,
of the British postoflice department ,
and J. Honneiker Ileatoh , known
abroad as the father of penny postage ,
exchanged congratulatory telegrams
with Postmaster General Meyer over
the inauguration of a 2-cent postage
rate between this country and Great
In order to keep the organization
free from even the suspicion of evasion
of legal requirements. George Otis
Smith , director of the geological sur
vey , has issued an order prohibiting
members of the survey from owning
stock in any mining company , the prop
erty of which is in the United States
Recommendation is made by Brig
adier General James Allen , chief signal
officer of the United States army , to
Secretary of War Wright that a certifi
cate of honor be awarded to Corporal
Roy F. Cox of the signal corps for
heroic action in saving the life of a
woodchopper whose feet had been
frozen in Alaska. Cox carried the man
sixty-five miles through a raging bliz
zard , with the thermometer 30 degrees
Two Tornadoes Sweep Largo Sec
tion of State , Causing Death
HAVOC WHERE THEY MEET.
Region Swept Bare , Trees and Houses
Being Leveled Town of Piney
Two tornadoes , one from the north
and the other from the south , swept
over western Arkansas late Monday
afternoon , killing many persons and
destroying much property. From re
ports received it is estimated that
thirty to fifty lives were lost. The
property damage will reach hundreds
of thousands of dollars.
One tornado started in the extreme
southwestern part of the State and
went north , touching the second tier of
counties from the western boundary
line. The other started in the north
western corner of the State and wont
south , devastating the second and third
fler of counties. The counties through
which the stonna passed are Lafayette.
Columbia , Miller , Pike , Howard. Ilemp-
stead , Montgomery , Yell , Pope , John
son , Franklin and Carroll.
Many Killed at Piney.
Piney , a German settlement on the
Iron Mountain railroad , between Knoxville -
ville and London , suffered most severe
ly , and was practically wiped out. The
number of dead is estimated from nine
to twenty. Five business houses and a
number of dwellings were destroyed.
From the towns of Berryvillc ai''l
Cravens the most definite reports ar < >
received. At the former three persons
wore injured , and the properly loss is
estimated between $23.000 and $ 10,000.
At Cravens four persons are known to
be dead. They arc members of the
family of John Rosin , a farmer , who
were caught under the falling timbers
The Kaiser And you mean , to say that you are permitted to give
out an expression of opinion whenever the spirit moves you ?
of their home. L. G. Holt and wife , an
aged couple , were injured.
A dispatch from Knoxville partly
confirms the report that the Tillage of
Barr , four miles from that place , was
wrecked. In the vicinity of Mulberry
five persons are reported to have been
killed. At Lodi the Methodist church
and several other buildings were de
The President has removed from office
George M. Stewart , postmaster at Seat
tle , Wash. , because lie solicited campaign
The election of Secretary of State
Elihu Root as United States Senator to
succeed Senator Platt was advocated in
resolutions adopted by the Union League
Club in New York.
That the Republicans will continue in
control of both branches of Congress at
least for another two years was known
the morning after election , although the
majority ia the House had been reduced
apparently to forty-five , as compared
with fifty-seven in the present House.
Cannon was again elected by a comfort
able plurality , in spite of the national
fight made against him , both by organized
labor and by various progressive influ
ences. Most of the Republican Congress
men in Nebraska aud elsewhere who were
pledged not to support Cannon for the
Speakership were themselves beaten at
the polls. In Iowa one of the Republi
can veterans who went down to defeat
was Hepburn. His Democratic successor
is a young editor , D. Jamison. Other
Republicans retired are Overstreet of In
diana , McCreary of Pennsylvania , Charles
B. Landis and others.
County division was beaten at every
point in western North Dakota , and the
counties will do business in the same old
way. But the fight will be continued and
no new court houses will be built for two
President Gompcrs of the Federation
of Labor said that the moral influence of
the campaign is with the cause of the
workers and that the part labor took com
pelled the discussion to be devoted almost
exclusively to the labor question. Though
temporarily defeated , he insisted that la
bor was not conquered by intrenched
FOOLED UNCLE SAIL
How the Creek Indians Euchered
Him Out of $7,000,000.
The Creek Indians have euchereii
Congress to the tune of $7,000,000 in
their treaty agreements , and the first
knowledge Congress will have of it wilt
be this winter , when the Indians and
the representatives of the Department
of the Interior will demand that Con
gress settle up. And the Creeks ara
laughing up their sleeves at the clever
trap into which Congress walked.
The first Creek agreement provide
that each Creek should receive 160
acres of land , the maximum appraised
value of which should be $1,040. Those
who got land appraised for less than
the maximum were to have the differ
ence in land or in money. Then the
Creeks slipped through Congress an in
nocent-looking measure that provided
that new-born children should be ad
mitted to the rolls.
Congress had not figured , but the
Creeks had. The result was that the
rcw-born children took up all the sur
plus laud for allotments. The allot
ting is completed ; ind the Indians now
are ready for a final settlement , and it
will be recommended to Congress this
winter by the commissioners of the fiva
tribes and the Secretary of the Inte
The Croc-ks have only $3,000,000 as
sets , as a tribe. This leaves them a net
S7.000.000. which Congress will have to
pay. It is just $7.000,000 additional
wealth the Creoles have procured by
There are nearly 20.000 Creeks. This
$7,000.000 uill mean $ ' $ .10 to every man ,
uit.iixnHid fiiii snuiviion if i paid
will bo the greatest amount of money
the Creeks over had at one time. Every -
ory Crook allottee will share in it , un-
loho : got land that was appraised at
tlic full $1.050. It makes no difference
it'an Indian has gotten his allotment
and sold every aero of it , if it was ap-
pra'isod for $700 by the government he
will bo entitled to $340 in money.
GATTJH DAM AT PANAMA SINKING
Heavy Bainfalls Undermine Struc
ture , Causing Earth to Settle.
Because of the exceptionally heavy
rainfalls of the last three weeks the
onrth on the crest of the Gatun dam , in
Panama , has settled in certain places.
The dam. which is designed to hold IB
chock the waters of the Chagres river ,
was in the beginning fifty feet wide ;
it has now been extended to a length
of 300 feet.
Iniev of the existing conditions the
settlement of the dam was expected.
The reason is the heavy weight of the
embankment There is nothing to pre
vent this- falling in , and it will have
There have been other settlements in
the vicinity of the dam at Gatun , and
the rains have resulted , furthermore , in
several landslides in the Culebra cut
The railroad track is inundated on
both sides for a distance of several
Automatic Train Protection.
A device invented by P. J. Simmen ol
Los Angeles to prevent collisions of rail
road trains , and which is in successful
operation on a trial section of the Santa
Fe railroad in Southern California , la
now being investigated by the Interstatl
Commerce Commission. Under this sy
tern each train records 011 a sheet in tht
dispatcher's office the exact time it enters
and leaves a block and the dispatcher
can signal to any engineer either to stop
or to proceed. The dispatcher is protect
ed from human error by the automatic
interlocking of the snitches by which ha
signals the trains. That is , a signal for
a train to go ahead can not be given un
less the block is clear. A danger signal
is given automatically by the presence of
a train , broken rail or open switch in
the block ahead , or by the dispatcher , and
if it be not obeyed by an engineer in the
next 1,000 feet , his train is automatically
stopped. The engineer can prevent th
stop only by reducing the speed to the r -
quired limit. The time and place where
a danger signal is given is recorded au
tomatically on the engine. An official
test is to be made.
Coinio Supplement Passing.
The decision of the Boston Herald t
abandon the comic supplement hitherto
published with its Sunday issue has re
newed the discussion of this journalistic
policy. That paper explained editorially
that "a great newspaper no lonqcr needs
a clown" and asserts besides that comic
supplements have ceased to be comic. It
adds : "They have become as vulgar in
design as they are tawdry in color. There
is no longer any semblance of art in them ,
and if there are any ideas they
low and descending lower. "
KAISEP/S TALK 0 ? WAR PUBLIC ,
German Emperor Said to Have De
clared Strife Inevitable.
The Now Y * rk Wend publishes what
it says is an acvuiMle and authentic
synopsis < > r the now world celebrated
interview granted by Kaiser Wilhehn
to Dr.illiun Bayard Halo , and which
was suppressed at the request of the
German government. Summarized , the
main points of the Kaiser's interview ,
which took place on the imperial yacht
Hohonzollorn off Bergen , Norway , are
as follows :
That King Edward of Great Britain
had been humiliating him for more
than two years and that he was exas
perated ; that Germany was the para
mount power in all Europe , and that
England was trying to neutralize that
That he held France in the hollow of
his hand , and that Russia was of no
account since the disastrous war she
had waged with Japan.
That if the Pan-European war which
has been so much talked about was in
evitable the sooner it came the better
it would be for him , because he was
ready and was tired of the suspense.
That Great Britain had been a deca-
flent nation rver since her victory over
the Transvaal and the Orange Free
State , because hers was an uurightr
eous , ungodly cause , and divine Judg
ment was bound eventually to overtake
the powerful nation that waged such
That the Anglo-Japanese alliance was
an iniquitous alliance against all the
white races , England proving absolute
ly her faithlessness as a Christian na
tion ; that Japan was honeycombing In
dia with sedition and flooding it with
spies while professing openly to be
England's friend and ally.
That the only way to counteract this
alliance was for Germany and America
to act together at an early date or
America would , have to fight the Japan
ese in ten months.
That in the event of a great war
England would lose many of her large
colonies , especially those in the Pacific ,
and that all he would take for Ger
many would be Egypt , though he would
liberate the holy land from the yoke
of infidel , presumably meaning the Sul
That the perfecting of the Zeppelin
dirigible ballosm would give Germany
a powerful vantage in war , and she
was ready to make use of it to the full
Tjcoimrd Wood in Command.
Major Gen. Leonard Wood , upon his
recent arrival at New York from Europe ,
relieved Gen. Grant as commander of the
Department of the East , with headquar
ters nt Governor's Island. Gen. Wood
said he was glad to be home again after
his six years in the Philippines. Speak
ing of the war maneuvers which he wit
nessed in France and Germany , he said
that dirigible balloons were an unquali
fied success in Europe , and that it was
Q common thing to see them maneuvering
in the sky in Germany , and that the time
was coming when they would be protected
from shot from below. TJie aeroplane , he
said , was bound to come after the dirigi-
blo. and would probably prove more effi
cient. The Wright brothers he called the
leaders as aeroplanists. Gen. Wood de
scribed the conditions in the Philippines
as peaceful and prosperous , but said there
would be even more prosperity if trada
relations with this country were better.
He thought Philippines products should
be admitted into this country free , that
it was Iiard for farmers to raise crops
under the American flag and then have to
pay duty on them. Philippine scouts , he
said , were among the finest soldiers in
SPAUKS FROM THE WIRES.
G. P. Engclhardt has returned to Nen
York from Guatemala with specimens ol
the stingless bee.
F. L. De la Barra has been appointed
to succeed Enrique Creel as Mexican am
bassador to Washington.
Thomas McGrath. a St. Louis election
official , was sentenced to four years in
the penitentiary for making faise returns.
The Rev. Dr. Myron W. Ilaynes , for
merly of Chicago , has resigned the pastor
ate of the Delmar Avenue Baptist church
in St. Louis. He says enemies have
Col. William F. Tucker , husband of the
daughter of Gen. John A. Logan , will
have to undergo an operation for Bright'a
disease , according to a statement issued
by his physician.
J. W. Soloman , a Salt Lake City line
man , narrowly escaped death when ha
fell from a pole among broken wirea
charged with 4.000 volts. He picked his
waj through the deadly wires to safety.
The Weekly Review of Chicago Trade ,
published by R. G. Dun & Co. , says :
"Evidences of healthy recovery in com
merce become more distinct. The recent
rise in the volume of payments through
the banks is accentuated by an aggre
gate which is the largest in thirteen
months and exceeds that of the corresponding
spending week in 1900 , when business
was exceptionally good.
"Trading defaults also make a gratify
ing exhibit , both numbers and liabilities
being only one-half those recorded at this
time last year.
"Another gratifying testimony is seen
in the diminishing ranks of idle workers
and freight cars. Investment interest has
become very encouraging , a safer balance
being established by the check to over
trading in Wall street securities. Money
is ample for legitimate purposes and the
discount rate favors renewed enterprise
along both industrial and financial lines.
"Local developments denote increasing
activity in production aud distribution.
Movements of finished products and crude
materials furnish heavier tonnage to the
railroads , while marketings of farm pro
ducts run above those of a year ago. No
table gains appear in forwarding of flour ,
provisions and live stock.
"Ore receipts are ample for the winter
consumption and new furnaces at Gary
v. ill start in a few weeks. Heavy orders
permit more employment of machinery
Mid labor at Pullman , and in some iron
branches there is now day aud night
"Railroad returns testify to sustained
recovery in earnings of the Chicago sys
tems , and more pressure appears for
equipment to market corn and live stock
within the next few weeks.
"Merchandise stocks undergo rapid re
duction , while the luxuries do fairly well ,
particularly in furs , jewelry and art
uares. Mail orders disclose more confi
dence of country buyers and there are
substantial selections of spring and sum
mer staples. House buying provides fair
activity in dry goods , footwear , men's
urnishings and food products.
"Bank clearings , $23G,3S,2S9 ! ) , exceed
those of corresponding week in 1907 by
33.1 per cent , and compare with $211-
334.4(50 ( in 190(5.
"Failures reported in the Chicago dis
trict number IS , against 28 last week ,
30 in 1907 and 2G in 1900. Tfaose with
liabilities over $ . " .000 number o , against
10 last week , 14 in 1907 and 10 in 190G. "
Enlargement and expansion are still
the dominating influences in trade and in
dustry , and the volume of sales and of
orders booked by wholesalers and manu
facturers continues to show trains , partic
ularly in Uie commercial and mfinulactur-
ing centers of the North , East and West.
Still certain evidences of irregularity
are found in the reports that mild weath
er is restricting sales of winter goods at
retail in the above sections , and southern
advices are that improvement in that sec
tion is rather slower than expected and
that low cotton prices aiid holding of
that product by producers are checking
trade and collections.
Idle cars are reported growing fewer
in number rapidly. Heavier buying of
pig iron is reported at the East and lake
markets are more active , but Pittsburg
reports transactions smaller. Prices are
In wholesale and jobbing lines North ,
East and West reports are generally that
trade is expanding , that spring purchases
are increasing and that stocks in final
distributers' hands are light. Cotton
goods are growing in demand and prices
are being advanced.
Business failures in the United States
for the week ending Nov. 19 number 273 ,
against 207 last week , 203 in the like
week of 1907 , 212 in 190G , 224 in 1905
and 193 in 1904. Business failures in
Canada for the week number 33 , which
compares with 22 last week and 35 in
the same week last year. Bradstreet's
Chicago Cattle , common to prime ,
$4.00 to $7.73 ; hogs , prime heavy , $4.00
to $0.03 ; sheep , fair to choice , $3.00
to $4.50 ; wheat , No. 2 , $1.03 to $1.05 ;
corn , No. 2 , G2c to G3c ; oats , standard ,
4Sc to 49c ; rye , No. 2 , 73c to 7Gc ; hay ,
timothy , $8.00 to $14.00 ; prairie , $ S.OO
to $12.30 ; butter , choice creamery , 23c
to 29c ; eggs , fresh. 27c to 29c ; potatoes ,
per bushel. (52c ( to 71c.
Indianapolis Cattle , shipping. $3.00
to $7.00 ; ho s good to choice Qieavy ,
$3.30 to $0.10 ; wheat , No. 2 , $1.01 to
S1.03 ; corn. No. 2 white , Glc to G2c ; oats ,
No. 2 white , 49c to 30c.
St. Louis Cattlo. $1.30 to $7.30 ; hogs ,
$4.00 to $3.W ) ; sheep. $3.00 to $4.00 ;
wheat. No. 2. $1.015 to $1.0S : corn. No. 2 ,
< 51c to G3c ; oaK No. 2 , 49c to 30c ; rye ,
No. 2 , 73c to 74c.
Detroit Cattle , $4.00 to $3.00 ; hogs ,
$4.00 to $ o.40 ; .sheep , $2.30 to $3.30 ;
wheat , No. 2 , $1.04 to $1.00 : corn , No. 3
vellow. G4c to 63c ; oats , No. 3 white ,
31 c to 52c : rye. No. 2 , 73c to 7Gc.
Milwaukee Wheat. No. 2 northern ,
$1.03 to SI.03 ; corn. No. 3. GOc to Glc ;
oats , standard. 30c to 31c ; rye , No. 1 ,
74c to 73c ; barley , No. 1 , G3c to ( Vic ;
pork , mess. $14.70.
Buffalo Cattle , choice .shipping steers ,
Sl.OO to $ (5.73 ( ; hog ? , fair to choice $1.00
to SO.OO : .shenj ) . common to good mixed.
. UH ) to S4.73 ; lambs , fair to choice ,
$3.00 to $15.23.
New York Cattle. $ kOO to S3.90 ;
hogs. $3.30 to $3.SO : sheep. S3.OO to
$3.73 : wheat. No. 2 rod. $1.12 to $1.13 :
corn. No. 2. 71c to 72c : oats , natural
whit * } . 34c to 37c ; butter. cre.imTy , 27c
to 31c : ess ? , western. 31c to 34c.
Toledo Whoat. No. 2 mlxo-l. § 1.04 to
$1.0G : corn , No. 2 mixed. 01 c to G3e ;
oats. No. 2 mixed , 49c to 30e : rye , No
2 , 77Cto 7Sc : clover seed. $3.30
H.ftj ? ! t
1492 Vincent Yanes Pinzon sailed from
Pales for America , with four cara-
vals , and was the first Spaniard to
cross the equinoctial line.
1524 Francisco Pizarro sailed from
Panama for the conquest of Peru.
1620 The "Mayflower" cast anchor ia
Provincetown harbor , Cape Cod.
173-1 Zenger , editor of a New York
weekly journal , was imprisoned for
defending government by the people.
1755 Two hundred Scotchmen from
Nova Scotia were banished from Bos
1774 Louis XVI. re-established the
1777 Gen. Howe's armj * went into win
ter quarters in Philadelphia.
17SO Americans under Gen. Simitcr
defeated the British in battle of
1794 Treaty concluded at Canandaigua
between the United States and the
1S04 Tames Monroe appointed United
States minister to Spain.
1813 Americans defeated at battle of
Chrysler's Farm , on the Canadian
bank of the St. Lawrence river
The junta , under the name of the
National Assembly , declared the in
dependence of Mexico. British re
pulsed in an attack on Ogdensburg ,
J81G Two hundred persons drowned in
the wreck of the transport "Har-
ipooner" off the Newfoundland coast.
182S The Cayuga and Seneca canal in
New York was completed.
1829 Troops atMonterey revolted
against the Governor of California. . .
President Guerrero of Mexico relin
quished the extraordinary powera
granted him by Congress on account
of the Spanish invasion President
Jackson proposed to reduce the num
ber of navy yards in the United
States to four Norfolk , Narragan-
sett , Washington and Charleston.
1S4G Tampieo , Mexico , surrendered to
Commodore Connor of the American
1849 Many lives were lost by the ex
plosion of a boiler on the steamboat
Louisiana at New Orleans.
1SG3 Prince of Sonderburg-GIucksburg
proclaimed King of Denmark as
1SG4 War began between Brazil and
1SGS England and the United States
agreed to arbitrate the Alabama-
1870 Duke of Aosta elected King of
1871 Henry M. Stanley discovered Dr.
Livingstone at Ujiji.
1S72 Fire broke out in Boston and in
two days burned over an area of
sixty-five acres and caused a loss of
187-1 Forty persons were drowned bj
the sinking of the packet Empire at
1881 Charles Guiteau was placed on
trial for the murder of President
1884 The third plenary council of tht
Roman Catholic church met at Bal
1889 Brazilian monarchy overthrown
and republic established. . . .Washing
ton admitted-to s-atehood by proclar
mation of President Harrison.
1891 William J. Florence made his last
appearance on the stage at the Arch
street theater , Philadelphia.
189G Electrical power generated at Ni
agara Falls was transmitted to Buf
1898 Earl of Minto sworn in as gover
nor general of Canada- .
1905 Martial law declared throughout
Poland Prince Charles of Den
mark was chosen King of Norway.
190G Sultan of Morocco received United
States Minister Gummere at Fez. . . .
A suit to dissolve tihe Standard Oil
combine was filed in the United
States Circuit Court at St. Louis. . . .
Countess Boni de Castellane was
granted a divorce and custody of he *
children .President Roosevelt sail
ed from Colon for Porto Rico after
having inspected the laborers' quar
ters at San Cristobal.
1907 Secretary Root opened the Central
American Peace Conference. . . .Ger
man Emperor and Empress arrived
at Windsor on visit to King Edward
. . . .The German Emperor visited
London. . . .The German Emperor re
ceived the Oxford honorary degree ol
D. C. L. from Lord Curzon. . . .Tha
third Russian Duma WHS opened. . . .
Oklahoma admitted to the Union.
ALL AKOU3TD THE GLOBE.
The trial of T. Jenkins HaHs in con
nection with the murder of William O.
Annis was fixed in New York for Dec. 14.
Passengers arriving at New Orleans
Bay suffering and desolation prevail along
the coast of Nicaragua , where a hurricane
recently destroyed the towns of Rio-
Grande and Prinzapulka.
After suffering from a fractured skull
received in an automobile accident more
than a month ago , a Brooklyn ( N. Y. )
woman has become violently insane. Th -
doctors sav her case is hopeless.
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