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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (June 11, 1908)
Currency Bill ! s Passed by Con
gress in Its Closing
NATION LIABLE TO WOEKEE.
yes' Bill and Public Buildings
Measure Among Last Ones to
The first session of the Sixtieth Con
gress came to a spectacular end ten
minutes before midnight Saturday
night. The last legislative day of the
eessi < n was marked by a spurt of ac
tion which , continued a little bit farther -
ther , might have put a crimp in the
relative "do nothi.g" program which
ihe leaders bet out to fulfill some
After adopting the currency conference -
once repcrt the Senate went ahead Sat
urday afternoon and passed the bill
providing compensation for injuries to
civil employes of the government en
gaged in hazaidous work. Several
amendments adopted by the Senate
were accepted by the House unaninunuj-
ly , and tbiid the Rt > os-cvelt jH-rcentage
in the contest with Congress over the
policies 10f the administration went up
One of the last measures to get
through \\-is the public buildings bill ,
which was. held back to the last moment
for the purpose of keeping memlh-rs
here until the currency bill became an
act. A message from [ 'resident Roosevelt
velt , read to the House at 10:20 , told
of the signing of both the currency and
public building bills , and a wild tumult
Df applause followed.
The end \\as spectacular. With that
freedom from dignity that always char
acterizes the breaking up lime in the
House of Representatives the recesses
between the receiving of messages from
the Senate and the President were
given over to uild hilarity. There were
singing contests between the menio > rs
on the floor and the newspajKr men in
the press gallery. Every member on
the floor had : JM American flag. They
waved the flags and sang all the old 1
melodies and a lot of s < . ; igs of brand-
new construction set to the old tunes.
Aside from the regular supply bills
making appropriations for the support
of the government during the next fiscal
year. tle achievements and failures of
Congr-'ss during the session may be
summarized as follows :
IVhat Consri'iss Has IJoiiu.
Enacted an emergency currency law.
Prohibited child labor in the District
Prohibits ! race track gambling in the
District of Columbia.
Increased widows' existing pensions
from ? S to ? 12 a mouth.
Granted pensions of $12 a month to
practically all widows of Mexican and
Civil War soldiers.
Authorized expenditures of ? : ,0,000,000
for public buildings.
Authorized general appropriations
-amounting to n. arly a billion dollars.
Ordered a currency commission to re
port on revision of financial and banking
'laws of the country.
Reclassified the consular service.
Pa = spl employers' liability law to take
place of the one declared unconstitutional
by the Supreme Court of the United
Permitted free operation of foreign ves
sels in trade with Philippines.
Passed administration bill authorizing
employes to sue the covernment for personal -
sonal injuries sustained while in the line
Established a range for breeding
Started the machinery for tariff re
vision by the appointment of an investi
gation commission. it
Authorized the construction of two bat-
< lc.ships with the promise of two next ses
Raised the pay of all officers and men
of the army and navy , marine corps and
revenue cutter service.
Passed a militia law making every
-able-bodied man between IS and 4o years
liable to service.
Adopted arbitration treaties with near
ly every country in Europe and with
Continued the work of the waterways
Provided for the defense of the Philip
pines and Hawaiian ports by submarine
Amines and fortifications.
Appropriated ? l.i".00,000' for participa
tion ny the United States in the Japanese
-exposition of 1910.
AVhat CoiiRrcH.s Has Xot Done.
Refused to place wood pulp on the
Declined to accept President Roosevelt's
> our battleship proposition.
HARD LUCK TALES.
At Mazomanie. WK. William Royston.
a carpenter who wa . crushed under a fal"-
'Iny ' building during the tornado , died from
lh" effects of iis injuries. Two ollirr
< -arpenteis were also injured.
At Beresford S. D.
, . Peter Baker , a
pioneer of about SO years of age. shot
'Limself with a shotgun. The niirht be
fore he returned from
City in a
very weak condition and discouragement : lt
-over his broken down piysial ! condition
is supposed to l > e the cause.
THE SIXTIETH CONGBESS.
Met Dec. 2 , 1007.
Appropriated $1 , OOSfi04S04ex
ceeding total of last session by
Passed currency bill after de
lay in Senate by filibuster last
ing twenty-seven hours and fif
teen minutes , in which 110.0SQ
words , equal to thirty columns
of newspaper space , were utter
Adjourned May oO , 1008.
Failed to adopt postal savings bank
Pa * s"tl up until next December the bill
to reinstate discharged colored troops.
No national child labor law , but date
set for its consideration next December.
( ! ran ted no increased po\vor.s to prohi
bition States over interstate .shipments of
Enacted no law requiring publicity of
Made no provision for the "sp-mking"
of Castro , t'.ie Venezuelan president.
Failed to put wireless telegraphy un
der .go\ernment control.
Refused to give interstate commerce
commission authority to pass upon pro
posed increased r.iilroad rates before they
go into effect.
Failed to relieve the coal-carrying rail
roads from the necessity of disposing of
Failed to consider bills regulating deal
ings in options.
Important Ii ! ! - that FaJlert.
Administration-Civic Federation bill to
amend the Sherman anti-trust law.
Bjll for ths reduction of the tariff on
the products of the Philippine Islands.
Anti-injunction bill. ( There- are ten or
lift eon measures of tfiis nature before Con
gress ) J
Bills for revision an-1 codification of
the Iiws of Mie United States in accord
ance \vith tilie report of a commission
which put in se\cn years at the task.
Bill to make Porto Ricaus citizens of , '
the United States.
Bill for retirement of superannuated
federal clerk * . j
Bill to piovide embassies for represent
atives of the United States in foreign
Rill to establish forest reserves in the j
-outhern Appal.ichians and in the White'
Mountains of New Hampshire.
CUEEENCY BILL PASSES. j
Measure Is Forced Through Despite 5
Filibustering Tactics. )
Washington correspondence : j
With the end of the'most remarkable j
filibuster in the history of the Senate
and the passage of the Aldrich-Vree-
iand emergency currency bill by both
houses- and the winding up of other
business , the Sixtieth Congress ad-
> uriK\l sine die at 11:50 : o'clock Sat
At 4tu : o'clock the Senate adopted
the report of the conferees of the two
house.on the currency bill by the de-
ci-ve vote of - \ , ' \ to 22. and thus was
taken the List congressional step neces
sary toward the enactment of emer- j i
-rency currency leirislation , toward j
which Congros has directed its princi-j
pal effort since it convened last Decem- 1
her. The result came unexpectedly
soon , but not until the Senate had been
well worn out by a filibuster which , 'i '
while not largely supported , made up '
in intensity what it lacked in numbers. ]
The obstructive tactics were begun by.
Senator La Follette ( Republican ) of
Wisconsin when the report was taken J 1
up by the Senate , Friday , and being
prosecuted by him all Friday night , i
W.LS continued Saturday by Senator
Stone ( Democrat ) of Missouri and Senator -
ator Gore ( "Democrat ) of Oklahoma. '
Mr. La Follette broke the record as a
long distance speaker , talking eighteen
hours and forty-three minutes : Mr.
Stone held the floor for six hours and .
a half , almost without interruption , ! i I
and Mr. Gore spoke for something more
than two hours.
When Senator La Follette ended his
record breaking speech at 7OH : a. in. j ;
Saturday he was still in strong voice ,
and said that he was "reluctant" to
yield the floor , but realized that other
Senators- wished to speak.
Manv of the Senators were routed
out of bed Friday nxght and early Sat
urday morning and brought into the
to make a quorum. Among
these were Senators Stone and Gore"
the Senate leaders deciding that it
would not be good policy to allow them
to enjoy an uninterrupted night's rest
and be fresh for the task of continu
ing the filibuster began by Mr. La Fol
lette. Many of the Senators were
brought in partly dressed by the dep
President Roosevelt was summoned
to the capital to sign bills during the
last horn's of Congress at 9 o'clock. Ho
was waited upon by a committee com
prising Representatives Payne. Hep
burn and Williams , and Senators Hale
and Teller. Shortly before 10 o'clock
he signed the compromise currency bilK
Previous to his signature- the cur
rency bill the President had handed it
to Secretary Cortelyou. who carefully
read it.s provisions. Two other mem
bers of the Cabinet wore pre.sent Sec
retaries Root , and CJarfield.
thu 3 nlcrcii3 > .
Dr. W. N. Ohalf.mt. who recently an
nounced the theortQiat many of the cases
of meas'es are due to the poison contain
ed in the common field buttercup , now
adds to the indictment against this flow
er of hitherto good reputation by assert
ing that it is probably the origin of can
cer and other maladies. He has found
that it contains a number of active poi
sons , one of which , if taken internally ,
may cause death.
ALLISON WOTS IN IOWA.
Returns Indicate Nomination of til *
Returns from more than 800 pre-
Mncts Wednesday indicated that Sena
tor Allison had defeated Governor
Cummins in the fight for the Repub
lican Senatorial nomination , as a re
sult of the State primaries. The Alli
son men claimed at least 10,000 , but the
Cummins leaders would not concede
Counties which two years ago went
for Governor Cummins this year returned
turned a majority for Allison. Seven
Congressional districts give Allison his
majority. He carried practically every
county in the First and Second Dis
tricts. In the Third District lie lost
Ilardin County and in the Fifth Cum
mins secured u majorly iu three of the
Official returns Thursday from all of
the ninety-nine counties of Iowa give
Senator Allison 102,1 rj ) votes , against
02.780 for Governor A. B. Cummins ,
for the Republican nomination for Uni
ted States Senator. The Allison ma
jority in the State is 9 , . ' > TO. Carroll has
L'o.OOO over Garst for Governor.
In the congressional contest in the
Seventh District the result \yas still
in j doubt. Judge Prouty's friends claimed -
od the nomination by a majority of
four votes. The other side declared
that Captain J. A. T. Hull had defeated
Prouty by a majority of Gl votes.
Senator Allison has been in the Unit
ed States Senate since 3S73 and he
served four terms in the lo\vcr house
before 1 : winning the toga. This gives
him 1 a record of forty-three years in
Congress. Mr. Allison was born at
Perry , Ohio , March 2 , 1S29.
The startling assertion that in the
schools of S1G cities and to\vus of th
United ] States conditions are ripe for i
repetition of the Colliuwood , Ohio , lire
disaster appears iti a current issue of a
fire j insurance publication , the Insurance
Pros * . A list of the danger spots is published
lished , and it includes Chicaco. New York ,
Cleveland ( , Detroit , Philadelphia , Boston
and , numerous other large cities , as we' }
as smaller centers of population.
Fire statistics show that during I ho
first I quarter of 190S. fifty-eight iiros 6c-
ctirred < in educational institutions of tli3
United States and Canada , resulting in
death t many student1' , endangering th-3
lives ot thousands of others , and causing
a property loss of about .91,000,000. In
many J instances dormitories were burned ,
some , while the students were asleep at
night. , Such dangerous blazes occurred
in i nineteen States and one territory. Pub
lic I school fires caused damage in eighteen
States. ' Panics among pupils and teach
ers ' invariably resulted. Safety was often
found to be .sought , not in the protection
afforded by fireproof building material ,
iron escapes or other structural improve-
raents , but in fire drills , which depended
upon discipline that could be maintained
only i when danger was remote.
The statement is made that at _ 322 col
leges and universities the question of tha
safety of the lives of students has scarce
ly been considered. By far the greater
danger , however , is said to exist in th < 3
public schools of the country. Public
school boards are said to appreciate their
responsibility by providing fireproof ma
terials in ne\v buildings , but little or noth
ing is done to improve conditions in old
school houses which were erected before
the modern building era.
This is declared to be a matter worthy
immediate nnd widespread action on the
part of public officials. If theatcis ,
churches , halls and other public gather
ing places are by law equipped with
sprinkler systems , fire escapes and other
safety devices , how important it is that
school houses , where children spend aa
much as thirty Sours a week , be pro
tected. ' The Fort Wayne , Ind. . hots !
fire , which found helpless , sleeping vic
tims in unprotected room" , is the eighty-
fifth blaze of its kind in the United States
and Canada since the first of the year.
Not all of these resulted in loss of life ,
but hotels , like schools , are shown to ba
in need of special protective apparatus.
FKOM FAE. Al-ID NEAR.
A federal grand jury has begun an in
vestigation of alleni-d laud frauds said
to hae been committed in Umatilla coun
ty , Oregon.
Lieut. Archibald Taggnrt , biggest po
liceman in Now York , < > feet ( > inches tall
and oOO pounds in weight , has retired af
ter twe.itjiars to become a butcher.
Three men. John Sharpless John Miles
and a young Kndi hman. named Rich-
mond. all of Nelson. B. C. , were swept
over the falls in Kootania. river and
Owing to the extra bounty offered by
stockmen in tihc Black Hills country ,
nearly 200 coyotes , a score of gray wolves
and many other animals have been killed
off during the past winter.
WHICH OP THESE WOMEN WILL BE NEXT MISTEESS OP THE WHITE HOUSE 1
asjm * CJ
8 / /IlFlPl : Ss
* ilT C3- J1"Zf& . ' '
fe & & ? & & ? @k V > SSs
ftg 'jj.ay ' > - ? r-S 5iiv
DEATH TAKES BULLER.
British General Who Lost Fine Mili
tary Reputation in Africa.
General Sir liedvers Henry Buller
died in London after an illness of sev
eral weeks. He was born in 1S39. Gen.
Buller , for many years a famous sol
dier , was obliged to retire from the
army with a discreditable record be
cause of the successive detents suffer
ed during the Boer war. He was a
veteran soldier and had won the Vic
toria cross for gallant deeds in India.
Egypt , and other parts of the world
where Great Britain had had fighting
The action which finally led to his
undoing was connected with the siege
of Ladysmith in the autumn of ISO ! ) .
Buller was commander in chief of the
forces sent against the Boers and
served through the first period of suc
cessive disasters , when his accounts
usually began "I regret to report" Gen.
Buller succeeded in relieving Lady-
smith , which was invested for US
days. He was succeeded in command
by Gen. Lord Roberts. In 1SS2 Gen.
Buller married Lady Audrey Jane
Charlotte , a daughter of the marquis
Mrs. Etldy'jj latest Card.
In the current number of the Christian
Science Sentinel of Boston , Mrs. Mary
Baker G. Eddy , head of the Christian
Science church , notices the current ru
mors about her failing health with a for
mal statement to the public , saying that
since she is watched "as one watches a
criminal or a sick person , she begs to
say in her own behalf that she is neither. "
and that to be criticised by a daily drive
or a stay at home "is superfluous. ' ' It
further recommends that when she does
the latter the curious should be "resigned
to the fact that she is minding her own
business , and recommends this surprising
"privilege to all lier dear friends and ene
mies. " To her "beloved students" she
gives assurance that she is "living , lov
ing , acting , enjoying , " and adds that the
"Christian Scientist thrives on adversity , "
and concluding : "Justice , honesty , can
not be abjured : their vitality involve life ,
calm , irresistible , eternal. "
State Kif3tl . in C'onrt.
The extent to which the State courts
shall give "due fairh and credit" to the
decisions of other State courts , as requir-
? d by the constitution , is defined in a
decision of the Supreme Cotirr. . " to A. in
the case of a cotton future deal at Vickb-
iurir. The dealer was \\ipcd out by a
decline and th broker sued him for the
* um due over margin deposited. In Mis-
bissippi the laws against stock gambling
prevented a collection , but a judgment
wan got in Missouri. This- , however , was
not recognized by the Mississippi courts ,
but in this course L'ne Supreme Court
takes the opposite view , at least a major
ity of it holding that the Missouri judg
ment should be given full force in Mis
SZNATOB JOKES DEAD.
Noted Arkansas Politician Passes
Away in Washington.
Former mi ted States S-nator James
K. Jones of Arkansas died at h's home
in Washington at the age of sixty-
nine. Heart failure was the immediate
cause of death , which came within a
day after the ex-Senator was stricken.
At the time of his death Senator Jones
was pacticiag law in partnership \\ith
his son , James K. Jones. Jr.
Senator Jones was born in Marshall
County , Miss. . Sept. 20. li 0 , received
a classical educaton , was a privy to
soldier djn-nig the CivM Wax'on the
losing si < l < Vlived on Ill's" > _ ntaUon
after the close of the war until 3873.
when he commenced the practice of
law , and the same year was elected to
the Senate of the State of Arkansas.
The next step in the political ladder
came in 1SSO , when he was elected in
the G'arfield-IIancock year as a Repre
sentative to Congress. It was not until
Carlisle of Kentucky was elected
Speaker that Jones came forth from ob-
curity and was made a member of the
Ways and Means Committee of the
House. In ISSfJ he was elected to the
Senate and took his seat in 1S.S7.
For eighteen years thereafter Sena
tor Jones was a national character and
a power in the councils of the Demo-
JAMES K. JONES.
cratic party. He became a member of I
the Nati.u.al ( ' < .nmittee in I&M ! : wasi i
chairman of the Commit too on Reso
lutions in the convention that nomin
ated William J. Bryan : iMined as Na
tional Committeeman by his State , he i
became chairman and managed the
campaign. Senator Jones was chairman -
man of the Democratic National Comj j
mittee in the liOO ! campaign and gave
way to Tom Taggart in the Parker
campaign of 1KM. !
INTERESTING NEWS ITEHS.
Gat-ton Faivre has boon convicted in
New York City of selling Easter chicles on
tlu- ground that the act was cruelty to
WHO'S TO RULE V7HITE HOUSE !
Washington Society Speculates on
the Itfest President's Wife.
Washington correspondoac e :
While the presidential election is agitating -
tating the policitians and speculation
is rife as to who will be the Republl-
can and Democratic nominees for tha
Presidency and ultimate victor , society
circles in Washington are far more in
terested in trying to guess who will ba
the first lady of the laud after March
While admitting that Mrs. W. J.
Bryan and Mrs. W. II. Taft have the
best chances , society nevertheless dis
cusses the possibilty of the white
house being presided over by Mrs. John
A. Johnson. Mrs. Charles W. Fairbanks
or Mrs. Charles K. Hughes.
Mrs. Taft and Mrs. Fairbanks may
be said to be equally well known in
Washington society circles. Of Mrs.
he v'U ( ur Johnson little is
known in the
Mrs. Fairbanks may be said to bathe
the- most pFomTmfht of die
Mrs. Fairbanks was born in Marys-
yille , Ohio , and lived there until she
went to Delaware and to the Ohio Wes
ley an University. Her maiden name
was Cornelia Co5e. She was a gen
eral leader among her friends and grad
uated in 1872 in the same class witk
her husband. In ISTt Mr. and Mrs.
Fairbanks were married and went to-
live in Indianapolis , where they were
soon identified with the life of the
In appearance Mrs. Fairbanks is un
usually prepossessing , having that in
definable stamp of a gracious and re
Mrs. Taft , unlike Mrs. Fairbanks ,
has never been prominent in club af
fairs. She is a home-loving woman , he *
husband's chum and confidant , and the
idol of young Charlie Taft , the Qtien-
tiu Roosevelt of the Taft family. Mrs ,
Taft was Helen Ilerrou. of G'incin.
iiati. - /
Mrs. Johnson , all who have met hej ij
declare , is a sweet , sympathetic wom
an. ever ready to lend a hand in the
cause of charity. Her early expert--
ences have taught Mrs. Johnson the
uses of adversity and most of her time ,
when not helping her husband , is spent
in aiding the poor of St. Paul and
Minneapolis. Mrs. Johnson's maiden
name was Elinorc Preston , and he *
home St. Peter. Minn.
Mrs. Bryan is never happier than
when on the family farm near Lincoln ,
and boasts that she is a better farmei
than most men. Nevertheless , Mra
Bryan is an accomplished woman ,
widely read and pos.-esses that inde
finable art of impressing every one
with her al.iiity as a society leader ,
known as "savoir fa ire. " Mr.- . Bryan
before her marriage was Miss Marj
Elizabeth Baird. of Perry. 111.
Mrs. Charles E. Hughes , wife of tnt
governor of New York State. is a bril
liant and accomplished woman , but has
preferred to devote herself to home life
rather than society. Mrs. Hughes num
bers a great many New York society
women among her friends. Mrs
Hughes was formerly Miss Antoinette
Carter , of New York. Mis * Helen Canr
non is Speaker Joseph G. Cannon' !
younger daughter and would figuri
prominently in vrhite house social af
fairs should JJr. Cannon win the presjL
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