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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 5, 1907)
HOW DO YOU LIKE HIGH FINANCE , UNCLE SAMT
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TM LOAH IT TO / IE.AHD
TREK i LOAU JT TO TflEtt
* Chicago Journal.
r , WORK AT PANAMA ,
-Oreat Ditch. May Be Finished Before
The Stipulated Time.
There is getting to be a certain mo-
aotony , which , however , is quite " \vel-
-coinc , in news of work on the isthmian
canal. Every month we may expect
to get statistics of the work done in
the month before , and it is practically
-3. foregone conclusion that it will ex
ceed the record of the month before
4baL Thus last July a new record was
j made , with 1,058,770 cubic yards exca-
" yated. That , as some persons rashly
assumed , -was the high water mark ,
which never could be exceeded and
whichwe could scarcely hope perman
ently to maintain. But in August that
record was surpassed , with 1,247,404
yards , and people said that surely was
She climax of efficiency. When another
month came around , however , Septem
ber bobbed up sererenly with the new
record of 3,481,307 yards , capping the
climax in fine style. And now here
conies the October record of 1,844,471
ards. which puts , as Kipling says , the
gilded dome on the cap of the climax.
' And October is the rainiest month of
all the year !
Just how much further this climax
' capping business is to go it would be
rash to estimate. Scarcely any degree
af progress seems impossible or even
improbable under the present efficient
and inspiring administration. Last
1 month there was excavated about
twice as much as in the whole year
1905 , and more than half as much as
t n the whole year 190G. Moreover , this
achievement has been made in the rain
iest part of the year , in cuttings where
She proportion of rock is increasing
fehere is now 70 per cent of rock and
only 30 of earth and without any com
mensurate increase in the -number of
svorkmen employed. Thus this October
record was made with a force of only
83,007 men on the canal all told , so
that there was excavated an amount of
pock and eartn equal to more than 78
cubic yards for each employe , or a
tauall fraction less than three cubic
fards a day for each person employed
fai any capacity. That is efficiency
puch as was not dreamed of a year or
two ago. When Mr. Wallace was chief
angineer and was doing what seemed ,
pind indeed was , fine work , there was
talk about the necessity of employing
- rom 00,000 to 75,000 men. One-third
trf that number is now doing the work
far more rapidly than it was supposed
the whole great army could do it.
* In the presence of such performances
criticism is disarmed and doubt is put
o shame. We may have to revise our
forecasts of canal completion , but it
will probably be in the direction of
Shortening the time required and of de
claring the most optimistic estimates
$ f a few years ago to have been unduly
tautious and diffident.
L.uml ermen Cliursre Rnte Pools.
The Oregon and Washington Lumber
Manufacturers' Association has filed with
ihe Interstate Commerce Commission a
Complaint against nearly all the transcon-
jineutal railroads , charging the fixing and
increasing of rates on forest products ;
Jhat on Nov. 1 the rates were advanced S
jents a hundred -\\ithout legitimate reason ,
tt is asserted that the capital stock of the
fines concerned grossly exceeds the value
frf construction and equipment as a basis
< rate making.
Advertise in this paper.
13 CREMATED IN A NEW YORE
CITY TENEMENT FIRE.
Arson Plot Suspected as Cause of
Deadly Blaze in Crowded
Thirteen persons are dead and seven
injured in a fire that swept through
the five-story tenement. 2121 Second
avenue , near One Hundred and Ninth
street , New York. Flames shot through
the roof and caused an outpouring of
all the people in the neighboring tene
ments. The fire started in the liquor
store on the ground fioor , shot up
through the air shaft and stairways
and trapped all the families in the up
per part of the building. U. pite all
the greineu could do , they were unable
to reach the victims.
The persons killed lived on die fourth
and fifth floors. The narrow stairways ,
filled with smoke , prevented them going
down with the speed necessary and ,
crowded together , men , women and
children sank to the floor , choked with
smoke and were unconscious when the
flames reached them. Firemen climbed
to the roofs of adjoining buildings from
Avhich the tenants had been driven and
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poured streams of water into the burn
That the fire was ths work of incen
diaries who sought revenge is the opin
ion of the police and firemen. Three
weeks ago three Italians were caught
attempting to rob a safe in the saloon
of Giuseppe Cudano on the ground
floor. The safe contained more than
$2,000 which the saloonkeeper's friends
had withdrawn from banks during the
money flurry. The would-be icbbers
were arrested and are awaiting trial.
The fire started in Cudano's saloon and
the police believe it may have been the
work of friends of the prisoners.
INTERESTING NEWS ITEMS.
Fire at Memphis , Tenn. , destroyed the
Dannahy and Hungarian hotels , fifteen
stores and five saloons. Loss $50,000.
President B. F. Winchell of the Rock
Island nt Guthrie. Okla. , said his road
would accept the 2-ceilt fare provision of
the Oklahoma constitution.
Owing to the forcible protests of Jew
ish women against the high price of
meat , the kosher butcher shops in Paterson -
son , N. J. , have decided to close for a
THOSE CONCRETE HOUSES.
Eminent Philanthropist Will Build
City of Edison Homes.
Working together. Thomas A. Edison ,
wizard of East Orange , N. J. . and
Henry Phipps. a New York millionaire ,
believe they can solve the tenement
They plan , to do this by erecting an
entire city of concrete houses , Mr. Edi
son having perfected plans recently
whereby , he says , he can build within
12 hours and at a cost of from $1,000 to
$1.2(10 ( .1 beautiful nine-room house ,
suitable for two families. Each apart
ment of these double houses can be
rented profitably at $7.50 a month , ac
cording to Mr. Edison , thus saving to
the working man now paying $10 a
month for a two-room home in the tene
ment , enough money each nonth to
cover his carfare expenses to and from
Mr. Phipps , who in 1905 gave $1,000-
000 for the erection of model tenements
in New York City , recently spent an
afternoon in Mr. Edison's laboratory at
East Orange , discussing with him the
possibilities of the cement or concrete
house. The steel manufacturer was ac
companied by a corps of architects ,
AT WORK ON THE PANAMA CANAL.
builders and concrete experts , who
made a careful investigation of the
Edison plans. When they left they
were enthusiastic over its possibilities ,
Mr. Edison purposes to build these
houses by forcing a concrete mixture
into cast iron molds , which are to be
set up after the excavation for the
basement is complete.
Cniinrrt Liners for Cniiudu.
The Grand Trunk railroad is said to
have made a deal with the Cuuard Steam
ship Company for a line of steamers from
Liverpool to Canada so as to afford an
all-British route for passenger and freight
traffic between England and the Orient.
The Exposition Deficit.
The receipts of the Jamestown exposi
tion from visitors and concessionaires we
now estimated at $1.000.000 , and this
foreshadows a deficit of something over
$3,000.000. The buildings lone liavo
cost $5.000.000. Barely more than 10
per cent of the government loan has been
Elvira Giordano , a ballet dancer with
the Milan opera company , dropped deaden
on the stage at "Ye Liberty1' theater at
Oakland , Cal. , during- the ballet in "Mif
uou , "
Measured by the volume of payments
through the banks , the check to trade
shows lesg severity and for the month
thus far the average is under I.3 per cent.
The situation as to money is brighter , al
though an immediate return to the normal
status requires more deliberation. The
demand for currency remains acute. More
encouragement is derived from the con
stant additions to note circulation and
specie. Interior calls for funds are now
more easily satisfied.
Most mercantile lines have felt the ad
verse turn and there is more caution ex
ercised in die present emergency , yet the
hindrances do not obscure the outlook for
better results from now on. antil Christ
mas. There may be more retrenchment
in industrial branches , but the prevailing
tone favors a restoration of healthier
financial sentiment as the best encourage
ment for the future.
Less new building affects the planing
mills and lumber market , and arrivals of
raw materials are under those at this
time last year , while prices mainly are
easier , particularly hides , which are at j
thp lowest average recorded for borne
Failures reported in the Chicago dis-
'trict number 30 , against 26 last week ?
and 20 a year ago. Those with liabdij
ties over $5,000 number 14 , against 7 ,
last week and 10 in 190G. Dun's Review
While the number of cities report that
the tone of affairs has taken a turn for
the better , actual business , taking the '
country as a whole , shows an increased
degree of quiet both at wholesale and retail - '
tail , a working out of the continued scare- ;
ity of currency at some points , of lessen
ing activity in industries and of the con
tinuance of unseasonably mild weather ,
"with its natural effect upon distribution
of winter goods.
Business failures for the week ending
Nov. 21 number 203 , against 259 last \
week , 212 in the like week of 1000 , 224
in 1903 , 193 in 190i and 107 in 1903.
Canadian failures for the week number
35 , as against 45 last week and 27 in
this week a year ago. Bradstrect's Com
Chicago Cattle , common to prime
$4.00 to SG.55 ; hogs , prime heavy , $4.00
to $4.75 ; sheep , fair to choice , $3.00
to $5.15 ; wheat , No. 2 , S7c to 91c ;
corn , No. 2 , 5Gc to 57c ; oats , standard ,
43c to 44c ; rye , No. 2 , 74c to 75c ; hay ,
timothy , $11.00 to $10.50 ; prairie , $9.00
to $14.50 ; butter , choice creamery , 24c
to 27c ; eggs , fresh , lOc to 24c ; potatoes ,
per bushel , 45c to 54c.
Indianapolis Cattle , shipping , $3.00
to $0.50 ; hogs , good to choice heavy ,
$4.00 to $5.30 ; sheep , common to prime ,
$3.00 to $4.75 ; wfieat , No. 2 , 91c to 92c ;
corn , No. 2 white , 55c to 57c ; oats , No. 2
wMte , 45e to 4Gc.
St. Louis Cattle , $4.50 to $0.00 ; hogs ,
$4.00 to $1.70 ; sheep , $3.00 to $4.05 ;
wheat , No. 2 , 90c to 97c ; corn , No. 2 ,
5Gc to 57c ; oats , No. 2 , 44c to 45c ; rye ,
No. 2 , 75c to 79c.
Cincinnati Cattle , $4.00 to $5.00 ;
hogs , $4.00 to $5.00 ; sheep , $3.00 to
$4/50 ; wheat , No. 2 , 95c to 9Gc ; corn ,
No. 2 mixed , 59c to GOc ; oats , No. 2
mixed , 4Gc to 47c ; rye , No. 2 , Sic to 83c.
Detroit Cattle , $4.00 to $5.00 ; hogs ,
$4.00 to $4.75 ; sheep , $2.50 to $4.50 ;
wheat , No. 2 , 91c to 95c ; corn , No. 3
yellow , G5c to GGc ; oats. No. 3 white ,
51c to 52c ; rye , No. 2 , 79c to 80c.
Milwaukee Wheat , No. 2 northern ,
$1.02 to $1.04 ; corn , No. 3 , 59c to GOc :
oats , standard , 4Sc to 50c ; rye , No. 1 ,
SOc to Sic ; barley , No. 2 , 94c to 95c ;
pork , mess , $12.97.
Buffalo Cattle , choice shipping steers ,
$4.00 to $ G.25 ; hogs , fair to cnoice , $4.00
to $5.10 ; sheep , common to good mixed ,
$4.00 to $5.50 ; lambs , fair to choice ,
$5.00 to $7.00.
New York Cattle , $4.00 to $0.00 ;
hogs , $4.00 to $5.25 ; sheep , $3.00 to
$5.40 ; wheat , No. 2 red , 97c to 9Sc ;
corn , No. 2 , 63c to 64c ; oats , natural
white , olc to 53c ; butter , creamery , 25c
to 27c ; eggs , western , 25c to 30c.
Toledo Wheat , No. 2 mixed , 95c to
9Gc ; corn , No. 2 mixed , GOc to Olc ;
oats , No. 2 mixed , 4Sc to 4Jc : rye , No.
" , 79c to SOc ; clover seed , prime. $9.20.
$12 u "Week Menus Privation.
The report of Dr. Lee ifraukel , man
ager of the United Hebrew Chanties of
New York , before the State conference of
charities and correction , tells of the re
cent investigation of actual living condi
tions in the big city. Tb'is allows that
the $2-a-day man , who is also the $ ( > OU-.i-
year man , if he have an average family of
wife and three children under working
ago , spends more than lie eai ns for the
necessities. Rent for two aiul rarely three
roc ns is about $15-1 ; his food cost.s $ 'J70
for the year , of which his share is 22Jj
cents a day , or hal * a cent above the min
imum for physical efticif/iey fvxed by
Prof. Underbill of Yale : for fuel an.l
light there is only $25. and peril ip- > $ >
is spent for daily papers , $8 tor club or
church dues , leaving a final balance of
S3 , or 25 cents a mouth , for recreation.
CUBHENT NEWS 1TOTES.
The national mining consrets. in se--
sion at Joplin , Mo. , adopted resolutions
favoring stricter federal control of min
Attorney General W. II. Dixon of Coli > -
rado began action in the Di tiiet Court
at Denver to break up the so-called gro
Fire did $200,000 damage in Parsons ,
Kan. The biggest losers arc Kre.ss &
Co. , $40,000 ; Cooper Lumber Company
and Dodge-Bryan Lumber Company , $30.-
Many Villages in Armenia Are
Plundered and Then Put to
SPAEE THE PEOPLE'S LIVES.
Erzerum , Betlis , Van. .a-karput and
, Draibeker Scenes of Specula
tion by Vicious Hordes.
Constantinople advices say the law
less activity of the Kurdish tribes in
the Armeno-Kurdihh districts ol Er/e-
ruru , BitlisYanKharput and Diurbekii-
is causing lively concern at the Porte ,
particularly as the foreign embassies
are interesting themselves ami are urg
ing that prompt measures be taken by
the government to prevent a. possible
massacre. Under the protection of the
notorious Ibraham Pasha , who is
known as the "despot of Kurdistan , "
Kurdish horsemen are making raids
without discriminationTurkish villages
suffering equally with Armenian home
steads on the plains around Diarbekir
Sixteen villages have been pillaged
and bnrued within the last month in
these districts and eight villages in the
Sert district have met with the same
fate. Several of these villages were
composed entirely of Moslems and in
most cases the lives of the inhabitants
were spared , though they were deprived
of all their possessions.
The pinch of hunger already is being
felt , as everywhere , there is a scarcity
of food , fodder and fuel. The missionaries -
aries are doing their best to mitigate
the misery , but outside help is urgent
ly needed if the-danger of a severe
famine is to be averted.
The movement in favor of autonomy
is gaining ground in Asia Minor as the
popular disaffection against the Con
stantinople government isery strong.
But at the same time there is a great
degree of loyalty among the Moslems ,
and this constitutes a powerful support
to the present regime. MabS meetings
are being held at which the -emoval of
Ibraham Pasha is being demanded.
The Porte has ordered troops from
Kharput and Rieppo against tmj refrac
tory Kurds , and it will endeavor to in
duce Ibraham Pasha by friendly per
suasion , to come into Aleppo. Some
of Ibraham's villages were snelled re
cently by Turkish troops and sixty
Kurds were killed.
THE NEW CHINATOWN.
Oriental Quarter Arises on the Old
Site in San Francisco.
San Francisco's new Chinatown
Which has arisen on the ruins of the
old is ready for occupancy and is rap
idly filling up with merchants and
tradesmen who were scattered to the
four winds by the terrible earthquake
and fire of a year and a half ago. All
movements looking toward the trans
fer of the Chinese to a less desirable
part of the city failed utterly , and the
new Chinatown has risen on the site of
the old , under the shadow of Neb Hill
and touching shoulders with the finan
cial district. In the first flush of hope
after the catastrophe several plans
were evolved for moving Chinatown out
toward Telegraph Hill or to some suit
able part of the Mission district. The
site of old Chinatown was needed for
the expansion of the financial district.
One thing stood in the way of this part
of the "city beautiful" dream. Chi
nese firms and wealthy Mongolian indi
viduals owned much of the property in
Chinatown. They were satisfied , with
the site of their quarter. It was near
the big hotels patronized by i-asteru
tourists , and it was not too far from
the water front whence their goods
came. The Chinese refused to sell and
straightway set about rebuilding.
There is a reason why Chinatown
was rebuilt before the other parts of
the burned area , even before Market
street had been repavcd. The Chinese
property owners had no trouble in get
ting ready cash. Tliey did not try to
borrow from San Francisco banks or
even from New York money lenders.
The first steamer to China carried long
letters describing the situation. In
closed were drafts on the treasurer of
the company which backed the San
Francisco firms. The return steamer
brought the gold that was needed and
the Chinese could tell their contractors
to go ahead.
The building department and the
health authorities insisted that the new
Chinatown be built according to law
and the new Chinatown has , of course ,
lost such picturesqueness as was found
in the dirt and the squalor and the
tumbledown effect of the old buildings.
To offset this , however , then * will be a
heavy gain in healthfulne.ss.
The fight over the consolidation of
Pittsburg and Allegheny ended in the Su
preme Court when Justice Moody handed
down the decision sustaining rljp Supreme
Court of Pennsylvania , which had up
hold the consolidation \\liich a iiiajority of
the people of the two cities voto.l tinder
a legislative act. The consolidated city
has an area of thirty -eight square miles ,
an estimated population of i.X.000. ) and
will contest with Boston the < -i\th place
among American cities for population , a
position also claimed by Baltimore.
1102 Columbus arrived at Ilajti and
learned that the colony left there had
1499 Perk-in Warbcck , who styled him
self Richard IV. , King oc England ,
1518 Cortez sailed from Cuba to cap
1540 Do Soto left the coast and began
ihis inland inarch.
1542 English defeated the Scots at Sol-
157S Sir Humphrey Gilbert's first expe
dition sailed to found a colony in.
1G2G St. Peter's , Rome , dedicated by
Pope Urban VIII.
3033 Ships Ark and Dove railed from
England with 200 persons to found
a colony in Marj'laud.
1013 Birth of La Sallo , the explorer o
the Mississippi valley.
1GS3 Boundary line agreed upon , by
New York and Connecticut.
1755 Severe earthquake shocks felt along
the eastern coast of North America.
1758 Fort Duquesne renamed Pittsburg
by the English.
1775 American force took and fortified
Cobble Hill , near Boston
177G British under Cornwailis crossed
the Hudson to attack Fort Lee.
1794 Jay's treaty between the United
States and Great Britain signed.
1790 French under Bonaparte defeated
the Austirans at Arcola. . . .Much
property destroyed by fire in Sa
vannah , Ga.
1S01 The Pillory used in Boston for the
1S1G A Philadelphia theater lighted by
gas , first in the country.
1S32 Eruption of Mt. Etna ; town of
1S37 Montreal used gas for illuminating
purposes for the first time.
1851 Ernest Augustus , King of Han
over and Duke of Cumberland , died.
1S52 Napoleon III. elected Emperor o
1SGO Legislature of Georgia voted $1-
000,000 to arm the State.
1SG3 Battles before Chattanooga , Tenn. ,
began The National Soldiers'
cemetery at Gettysburg dedicated.
1SG7 Committee on the Hoiii > e reported
in favor of the impeachment o
1S71 The Grand Duke Alexis arrived at
1S74 British immigrant ship Cospatrick
burned at sea , with loss of 473 lives.
1S77 The Halifax fishery commission ,
under treaty of Washington , render
ed its decision.
1SS3 Standard time adopted throughout
1SS9 Remarkable cliff dwellings dis
covered in Colorado.
1SS9 Alaska first demanded representa
tion in Congress.
1890 Indian outbreak near Pine Ridge ,
South Dakota Battleship Maine
launched at" the Brooklyn navy yard.
The Scientific Immortality.
Sir Oliver Lodge , the noted British
scientist , has delivered another pro
nouncement on the subject of the im
mortality of the soul. lie says first that
the simple important truth to be kept in
sight is the commonplace fact that there-
is nothing immortal or persistent about
the body except the material atoms of
which it is composed. He dismisses ut
terly the notion , still taught by part of
the Christian church , that these atoms
will some day be gathered and reunited
so as to constitute a complete man as he
appeared on the earth , and who there
after will last forever. Th.is. he regards
as merely a clumsy expedient to make
pleasing the idea of the homeless , wan
dering spirit or ghost of the departed in
dividual. Sir Oliver says that nobody
knows what the soul is , but that com
mon sense rebels against its being noth
ing , and that no genuine science had as
sumed to declare it a purely imaginary
nonentity. He holds it must be acknowl
edged by science that no really existing
thing perishes , it only changes form. As
this lias been shown clearly in the case
of matter and energy , it must also be
true of mind , consciousness , will , mem
ory , love and other activities which in
teract with matter and appeal to the
bodily senses. These facts of the indi
vidual human consciousness , he sajs. can
not be regarded as nothing , and they will
never vanish into nothingness. They did
arise with us. They never sprang sud
denly into being from previous non-exist
ence. Thej * are as eternal as the God
head itself , and will in eternal being en
Atmosphere on i
The transit of Mercury acres , the face
of the sun. Nov. 14. was the occasion of
careful observations by astronomi-r with
more or loss satisfactory results.Vil -
liani R. Brooke professor of astronomy
at Ilobart college. Geneva. N. 1' . . dis
covered a diffused rins : surrounding the
planet. This was thought to radicate the
presence of an atmosphere. Near the cen
ter of the planet was noticed a white
spot , which has been seen at former tran
sits. Many photographs were taken.
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