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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (April 4, 1907)
I. M' Editor and Proprietor.
J\AP.K ZARK Foreman.
Entered at the postoflice at Valentine. Cherry county , Nebr. . as Second
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THURSDAY , APRIL 4 , 190T.
RESULTS OF ELECTION ,
The Valentine village election
resulted in the following vote :
U. G. Dunn 117
Geo. Elliott 12C
Chas. Sparks 102
Peoples ticket :
Rowland Dailey 9S
L. N. La.vport . 121
W. A. Pettycrew Ill
Valentine elected two citizens
and one peoples ticket men. A
change of three votes between
Dunn and Pettycrew would have
made a tie. A change of two votes
between Sparks and Dailey would
have made a tie vote. The citi
zens ticket workers rushed every
available vote they could muster
to the polls and then lost one can
didate. The close vote is a warn
ing to the present town board that
there is a strong current of the
best citizenship against them.
Their actions should be carefully
guarded in future transactions.
Next year there will be 3 members
to elect and it may not be possible
for the citizens ticket to muster
as many votes as this year if con
ditions are not improved locally ,
while the better element is in
creasing and the peoples ticket
St. Louis went democratic.
Kansas City , Kan. , elected a re
Ainsworth went wet and is to
have saloons this year.
F. A. Busse was elected mayor
of Chicago over Edward F. Dunne
Oil Trust Exposed.
T.he interstate commerce commission
In its scathing report 10 congress on
the investigation of the Standard Oil
trust arraigns that great corporation
for corruption of officials and employ
ees of rival corporations and the press.
It also declares that the course follow
ed has been without decency or con
science and says the pipe lines and rail
roads have fixed rates to shut out Its
Independent competitors. All this is
but an official version of what the
Democrats have long claimed as the ;
way the trust was operating , but the
Republican leaders denied It and refus
ed so long to legislate to prevent its
continuance. Will any one say after
this exposure that the pious Rockefel
ler and his partners should not be pro
ceeded : igi'n ! t under the criminal law
ngainst trusts as well as under the civil
sections which only provide for fines ?
No wonder Standard Oil has paid 40
per cent dividend" and over for many
years , with huge profits wrung from a
helpless people !
Hard on the Farmer ,
f nder the new German tariff but
little of our meat and fruit will get
past the tax collectors unless our pro
ducers follow the trust plan of selling
cheaper to foreigners than to cir ovrn
The Republican members of the ren
ate of Colorado have a strange concep
tion of the fitness of things , for. while
they unanimously voted for Guggen
heim , the ttust magnate , to represent
their state iifthe l'nite.1 States senate ,
they have expelled a member for yield
ing to the influence of money In the
gubernatorial contest o' two years ago.
Guggenheim Ifsakl t" * ' "ire expended
$ u7f > .0-n ( to be elected ; -t how much
the grafting state sir 'tor was paid
has not been made puMc. These Col
orado Republicans are queer ducks.
RAILROADS ARE STILL
SHOWING mm SPLEEN
Pick Out Nebraska for a
Victim Ostensibly Be
cause of the Two-Cent
Washington , March 30. In ac
cordance with their intention ex
pressed some time ago the rail
roads constituting the western
trunk lines , the Central Traffic as
sociation and the eastern trunk
lines have filed with the inter
state commerce commission tariffs
increasing their rates on eastbound -
bound grain products , to become
effective about April 1. This
action was taken , it is understood ,
because of the enactment by leg
islatures of some of the western
states of laws regarded as inimi
cal to their interests.
The particular law to which the
railroads took exception was the
2-cent fare act of the legislature
of Nebraska. Soon after the pas
sage of that act , officials of the
railroads interested held a meet
ing in Chicago at which it was
decided not only that they should
test the constitutionality of the
measure , but that it would be nec
essary for them to increase their
freight rates on eastbound grain.
When the new tariffs were filed
with the commission it appeared
chat the conditions warranted
that body in making a suggestion
to the carriers that the time for
the increased rates becoming ef
fective should be postponed tem
porarily. To this suggestion the
carriers cheerfully acquiesced. In
accordance with the agreement
reached the commission has issued
an order granting the carriers
permissionj to at at once post and
file , effective April 1,1907 , amend
ments postponing the date of the
taking effect of the proposed ad
vances in rates on grain and grain
products to May 1 , leaving the
present rates in effect until that
day and on that date canceling
the present rates and making the
advanced rates effective.
Although Nebraska seems to be
the especial object of the wrath of
the railroads , other states have
passed 2-cent fare bills , including
Iowa and Missouri. It will be re
membered that the railroads in
Nebraska made their hardest fight
on terminal taxation.
Secretary McVann of the
Omaha Grain exchange , asked
last night if the exchange would
file any complaints against the
railroads , said he did not think
the grain rate would effect Omaha
or the Missouri river points. Mr.
McVann said :
' 'At a meeting a z > hort time ago
bet-.veen ihe elevator men of Kanj j
sa Cit.v. Lincoln , Nebraska City i
and Omaha and railroad representatives - '
sentatives in Chicago the railroads ,
on the showing of the injustice of
such a move , agreed not to put
any increaM' in grain tariffs from
the. Missouri river east at least
not until July. I think the dis
patches are incorrect in saying
r hat/there will be an increase from
the Missouri river east. " World-j
Greater Spssd ar.J . Havicr
PRESENT TYPES OBSOLETE.
Millions Wasted on What May Ba
Worse Than Useless In Battle Re
publican Politicians Following In
England's Wake Instead of Accept
ing Approved Inventions.
The question of building more battle
ships is again under discussion in con
gress , and President Roosevelt in his
letter to the chairman of the house
committee on naval affairs urges the
construction "of battleships of large
displacement , with their primary bat
teries all of one type of big gun. " As
the .battleships at present in commis
sion will all be comparatively worth
less in a few years , it is most impor
tant that such new ships as congress
may provida for shall be of modern
type and able to more than cope with
anything afloat. The size of the battle
ship is not the only thing to be con-
sideivd. for it is acknowledged that a
battleship of the Dreadnought type
would be at the mercy of a smaller
ship with greater speed and armed
with guns of greater size and power
than the present twelve inch guns.
| Four fourteen or sixteen inch guns
1 mounted < j a vessel of much less dis
placement than the Dreadnought could
stand off out of the range of her fire
and destroy her , or even a ship with
two such guns could batter the Dread
nought on the ancient plan of the bow
and stern chasers with which the pri
vateers of the war of 1S12 were armed ,
which enabled them to stand off and
make easy prey of a ship of greater
power and a much greater broadside of
It requires no argument to prove
that a battleship of 10.000 tons carry
ing four sixteen-inch guns and having
superior speed would have the 20,000
ton Dreadnought at her mercy , al
though the latter has ten twelve-Inch
gnn > in her broadside. The faster ship
will always be able to select the dis
tance she will fight at and would nat
urally choose to be where her antago
nist could do her the least harm.
The ship with twelve inch armor Is
now comparatively safe outside of the
range of torpedoes , whose radius Is
frori . ° , .POO to 5,000 yarcK because the
present twelve inch naval gun Isin -
able 1o pierce twelve inch armor at
i that distance , but a smaller battleship
with larger guns and with the neces
sary speed might inflict such damage
as to lead to her sinking.
It would wem to be waste of money
for Fncle Sam to continue to build
battleships of the same size and with
the same armament as the battleships
that other nations have already con-1"
structed , for with the constant evolu
tion in size and speed and greater ar
mament such ships are comparatively
worthless before they have a chance
ever to go into action.
It is demonstrated that guns of four
teen or sixteen Inches will weigh but
little more than the present twelve
inch naval gun , and it i not necessary
to use such enormous powder charges ,
yet the range of those larger guns is
superior to the twelve inch type. The
construction of these larger guns is
urged by the chief of ordnance of the
nrmy.and his recommendation is based
upon a long series of experiments , so
his conclusions must be accepted as
correct. As it is now , we are follow
ing in the wake of England and are
throwing away millions of dollars ev
ery year on ships and armament that
have alreadv proved to be of an obso
lete type , and yet our pottering Repub
lican politicians seem determined to
perpetuate a type of ships and guns
which will soon be turned over to the
junk heap. They persist in providing
for shells that experience proves will
not penetrate the armor of a battleship
at the distance that the known range
of torpedoes compel- ; the commander
of a battleship to place his vessel at
notwithstanding that experiments have
proved that shells which explode on
contact are available and the present
shells in use are comparatively worth
The committees of the house and
.senate on naval affairs must wake up
and learn their lesson and not continue
In a rut that will bring disaster If we
shall be so unfortunate as to engage in
a Avar with a first class naval power.
T'ncle Sam must have the best and the
most modern ships , guns and project
iles that the Ingenuity of our Inveut-
or.s are offering , and the expense of
experimenting with the new ideas of
fered is but a small matter compared
to the millions we are annually ex
pending that are wasted.
A Stand Pat Boom.
TIe vice president of the United
Rtalo * has a boomlet for the presidcnr
Hal nomination which the Xew York
Post says is "really difficult to de
scribe. We do not notice the Fair-
rnnks sentiment for the same reason
that we do nnt notice the circumam
bient air. because it envelops us so
completely. Wo breathe It In : it bears
upon us from all sides with a uniform
pressure of fifteen pounds to the
"They reckon ill who leave me out.
"When m they fly I am the v.-ings ,
I arn th doubter .intl the doubt.
I am the hymn the Brahman sinjs.
"We have had men fight their way
Into the presidency , stray into it by ac
cident , climb to it hand over hand ,
lump into it with sudden , tremendous
sffort. Fairbanks will not attain it in
any of the = ° ways. He will be lifted
like a can a boat in a lock , sustained
t\v an element which , however placid ,
ind inert , Is resistless in Its rise. "
How and V/hen Shall That Instrument
Be Amended ? Needed Reforms.
Many good people seem impressed
with the. idea ihnt tuo coiibuLulioii of
the United States is virtually un-
amenduble. ; tliut it may be distorted
and t\visted by the changing majority
of the supreme court , but must not be
meddled with by the people or their
representatives. But the power that
makes can unmake. There is nothing
sacred about the constitution. In fact ,
those who created fit provided how
amendments could be made , and that
instrument of government was but a
few years old until twelve amend
ments were added to round it out and
make it competent to protect the rigats
of the people and to cover the needs of
the federal government. The amended
instrument stood the test and remain
ed the supreme law for sixty years ,
when the civil war changed conditions ,
and the radical reconstruction amend
ments were added.
The question now arises if needed
reforms shall be postponed or not even
considered because the constitutional
provision for amending the organic
a\v is difiicult of attainment unless
'there is almost unanimity between the
states on the reforms which the major
ity of the people evidently desire.
There is no doubt that the election of
senators by the people would receive a
majority vote in most of the states.
but practically it has been found that
three-fourths of the states have not
yet proposed such amendment , nor
have two-thirds of the states called a
convention , us the legislatures of
enough states have been controlled by
those who oppose the election of sen
ators by the people , although it is evi
dent that a majority of the voters fa
vored such an amendment.
This inability to obtain a needed re
form. by reason of the trusts and cor
porations controlling Ihe Republican
politicians , has discouraged many
worthy citizens , but they should re
member that "faint heart never won
fair lady" or won great political re
forms. By opposing any candidate for
congress or state legislature who re
fuses to pledge himself to vote to inau
gurate this reform and by forcing it as
a distinct pledge in all platforms that
and other righteous reforms will be
forthcoming. It is perhaps just as easy
and probably easier to demand even
greater power in the people by urging
that a constitutional convention be
called , when nil necessary and proper
amendments can be considered and
A'otcd upon by the representatives of
the people from aM the states Snob , a
movement would compel discussion by
the voter - ; of what reforms they deem
necessary and are favorable to.
NEGRO IN POLITICS.
He Has Always Been the Decile Too !
of Republican Politicians.
The nc'ijro has nJ'.vays boon the tool
of rjeiwblicnii politicians on 'uccuiitof
hi.- ; docility as a voter. The old sub
terfuge of forty aeros and a' mule last
ed for yeai's and kept the credulous
colored brother constantly awaiting
prosperity from his supposed Repub
lican benefactors which never came.
As he became more worldly wise the
unfulfilled promfco- * were fori ; > U * > u.
and the more feasible advantage of
olfireholding and the profitable exTie'
riouce of attending national conven
tions was brorgbt to his attention.
Rut back of it all was the feeling im
pressed by amendments to th : > consti
tution that the Republican party had
"freed the nig ei' " and tjhcn him a
Aote. In the close and doubtful north
ern states this fealty of tbe ue ro has
required an honorarium on election
day to make it bindi' g enough for him
to cast his vote for the Republicans.
The same old tricks are being playeJ
on the colored brethren in the i'rowu -
ville afir.ir , which exhibits fre-vh proof
of the hck/ > f sincerity of the Repub
lican leader" . The president with one
hand fiouris-ie ? the bS'4 stick over the
negro soldiers and \\iih the other i ?
pretending to placate the race by tbe
appointment to office in f-Tiio of the
right n > an if he can find him. Son-in-
law Longworth and the other Ilep'ib-
lican leaders are ng'iast at fiis and
put their veto on it. at all oven. . * if the
appointment Is to be made in their lo
cality. Even ForaUor , who has jump
ed Into the ring as the defender of the
negro soldiers , is also to be distrusted ,
for it is very evident that he i- ; oppos
ing the president for political ends ,
and that is why Mr. Roosevelt Vvants
to appoint a negro to an important of-
iiie in Ohio to put Foraker in a hole.
In nearly all the northern states the
negro voter hold.s the balance of power ,
and If he should cut loose from his
Republican leading strings what a po
litical revolution he would bring aboxit !
lie could defeat the Republican mm-
inee for president an.l change the ma
jority in congress of that party to a
minority with vote * to spare. That
the Democrats would reward hin for
such a political somersault is Vv'ry
doubtful , but how docile and su : > < ervi
ent it would make the \rblcan pol
iticians at the next election ! They
would be fjreed to give the negro voters
ers wint they wanted and woul 1 hard
ly dare to deceive then auy more.
There are givat [ aitcU : possll iliti ? "
for the negro if he only knew enough
to take advantage of them anl could
organize to carry out such a plan.
Horse of Another Color.
The president's plan to get even
with Senator Foraker by appointing a
negro snrve.vor of customs at Cincin
nati has met with such protests from
the Republican leaders that he is said
to have abandoned the idea. How the
Republican politicians do love the ne
gro when he is voting "early and
often ! " But when it comes to rewardIng -
Ing him for his partisan support of the
G. O. P. it Is a horse of another color ,
and R white 055 at that.
I Jbav.G a fresh supply. Garden Tools
Rubber JETose. Lawn Mowers '
Hardware , Furniture and Coal.
FRED WHITTEMORE , Pres CHARLES SPARKS , C
J. W STETTER , Vice Pres. ORAH L. BRITTON , Ass't. Cashier.
Valentine State Bank 1-33 * ?
Valentine , Nebraska
O fi Capital Surplus
fie $25,000. co O 3
Persons seeking a place of safety for their money , will profitby
investiiratin r the methods employed in our business. : : : : : : : : : :
' . . . & JL
QUALITY r. 4- M
jj * : ' * ' f.'s'.y - ' ' "
fca a essMsaswciBtt * >
In all acres of the World and in all Countries men
have indulged in "social drinks and have used
Whiskey for medical purposes. " They have always
possessed themselves of some popular beverage
apart from water and those of the breakfast and
tea tab'le. Whether it is Judicious that Mankind
should continue to indulge in such things , or
whether it would be wise to abstain from all en
joyments of that character , it is not our province
to decide. We leave that question to the Moral
We desire the PUBLIC TO KXOW that we
are neither BLENDERS , COMPOUNDERS
XOR RECTIFIERS ; also that we use the utmost
care to purchase our goods from the most reliable
houses in America , and just as we get them , they
/ pass into the hands of our customers. NO
SPURIOUS IMITATIONS or IMPURE LIQ-
OURS OFFERED FOR SALE. WE HAVE
THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT IN TOWN
WHOLESALE DEALER I TT&i nr& forr
IN i 1 rfyiiiiHl-s-
| - -
i PABSTANDKRUG BEERS .L i Liiuunrr
L a "
II ; e immie Johnson ,
V. SUPERINTENDENT JOHNSON.
Johncon WANTED something better ; therefore.'being wise.
Hesitated not at all his V/ANTS to ADVERTISE ;
Found a place cs Superintendent , managing the "biz. "
He was Mister Johnson now , which shows that he had "Hz/ *
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