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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 14, 1907)
I. M. BICE Editor and Proprietor.
MARK ZARR Foreman.
Entered at the postottice at Valentine , Cherry countj' , Nebr. . as Second
Subscription Sl.OO per year in advance ; SI. 50 when not paid in advance.
Display Advertising 1 inch single column 15c per issue or $6.00 a year.
Local Notices , Obituaries , Lodge Resolutions and Socials for revenue
5c per line per issue.
Brands , H inches84.00 per year in advance ; additional space $3.00 per
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Notices of losses of stock free to brand advertisers.
THURSDAY , FEBRUARY 1-i , 190T.
THE POOR RAILROADS ,
The railroads of America are in
a very bad way indeed. Mr.
Brown be says so. * 4 Who's
Brown ? " Why , he's the main
squeeze on the New York Cen
tral's list of vice presidents the
head-liner the Big "Wind , when
it comes to talking for publication.
That's who Brown is. And Brown ,
he says that the railroads . of
America are in a very bad way
You see , it's this way : The rail
roads are thinking of improving
their property a bit building a
lean-to on the west , and putting
some fresh paint on the front
stoop , and a few little things like
that. But lumber and paint and
labor are so high that the railroad
folks haven't money enough of
their own , and so they'll have to
borrow five or six billions , or such
a matter. In ordinary times they
could get the money , easy enough ;
but Mr. Brown , he's afraid they
can't now , because a lot of loose-
tongued meddlers have been say
ing such a lot of scandalous things
about the railroads lately that the
rest of folks are beginning to take
notice , and the railroads' credit is
hurt. The situation is bum , says
Brown. Quite a bunch of big
railroad men have had to take to
their beds lately on account of
worrying about it. Mr. Brown ,
he says :
I do not think any man of ordi
nary prudence would , for a mom
ent , think of investing money in a
business against which every man's
hand , from the president down ,
seems to be raised , and in the de
fense of which few men hoping for
political preferment dare raise
Fooling aside , doesn't that jar
you ? Upon what does the credit
of the railroads depend- anyway :
Upon their ability to continue ex
ploiting the public without let or
hindrance ? Or upon their ability
to continue business on a legitimate
basis ? Do not Brown and the
members of his chorus know as
well as anybody that railroad regu
lation and control must be abso
lutely subject to fixed legal prin
\f.\ \ \ ciples ? "What if the people are
doing a lot of fussy talking : who's
fool enough to believe that this is
going to frighten the class of men
financing American railroad build
ing ? Poppycock !
Everybody knows that if the
r ' - people , by legislation , attempt to
Is I saddle upon'the railroads anything
contrary to the spirit of our law
contrary to our national spirit , it
m would have no real effect. The
courts are not overlooking any
bets like that.
But that isn't what's eating Mr.
Brown. He and all his kind know
well enough that the railroads of the
United States will always get the
full measure of their legal rights ,
pressed down and running over.
The Brown fellows , though , don't
want mere legal rights ; they are
weeping for the days that are no
more , with their ways that were
dark and tricks that were vain.
That's all. World-Herald.
NO MONEY FOR RAILROAD IMPROVE
So the poor , prosecuted railroad
oligarchy is tottering on its last
legs , and the country may expect
soon to return to canal boats , oxcarts
carts and stage coaches !
Let's pause and reflect before
eternally too late.
AY. C. Brown , senior vice presi
dent of the New York Central
lines , does not see how , with the
president and public opinion
against them , the railways are go
ing to secure any money for need
ed extensions and improvements.
Nobody will buy stocks and se
curities , he declares , in "a busi
ness against which every man's
hand seems to be raised. "
It is a fine theory of Brown's ,
were it not for some stubborn
facts. It happens that his own
company , the New York Central ,
only two weeks ago sold $50,000-
000 short term notes , and since
January 1 nine companies have
sold § 113,000,000 of the same class
of securities , while within a few
months railroad capitalization has
been increased § 350,000,000 by
new issues. %
This is a lot of money enough
to make decided extensions and
improvements , were it only used
for those honest purposes.
Is the public to believe there is
no money for needed improve
ments when a number of the prin
cipal railroads have recently in
creased their dividends ? . No mon
ey when a Harriman controls capi
tal enough and has confiduece
enough to plunge into the posses
sion of a half-dozen whole rail
Anyway , railroad extensions and
improvements are not made with
money , but with debts. For il
lustration , the 200,000 miles of
operating railroad owe today
enough money to reconstruct the
The truth , which is written
plainly in a thousand ways , is that
' M " " " " * A "TV T" 1' 'T ' " ' \ " ' * ' " "Ti * "v "f ' * ' ' 1 >
G' RANT BOYE
JL .JL _ S jU H JL J& f V s JLi 4
CARPENTER & BUILDER.
All kinds of wood work done to order. Stock tanjis made in all sizes
Valentine , - " Nebraska
vi ) tjsE5
the railroad oligarchy cares noth
ing about railroad extension and
It knows nothing about the prac
tical operation of the railroads or
the needs of the general business
of the Country , and cares nothing.
Its sole concern is the manipula
tion of railroad stocks and bonds
in a great game of gambling. And
one of its principal objects has
been to freeze out the small investor -
vestor and to concentrate the actual'
ownership as well as the control
into a few hands.
Perhaps a few people still be
lieve the railway system of this
country is run as a great public
service institution. Not so. It is
run as a monstrous private graft
by a few crafty scoundrels , who
don't know the meaning of public
service and would laugh at it if
The nearest approach they make
to the actual operation of the roads
is in fixing the dividend rate and
serving notice on the presidents ,
general managers and superintend
ents that it must be met. Thus
arbitarily .the skill of practical
railway men is set at naught , the
business interests of the land are
plundered through the highest
possible charges for the poorest
possible service , whole states left
without coal , others deserted with
their crops unmarketed , and the
traveling public are killed and
mangeled in daily wrecks.
Public service eh ?
' 'To hell with public service ! "
these gamblers sno.erasthey stake
their loot , like as the soldiers of
Pilate laughed in derision as they
divided the garments of the cruci
They have juggled with securi
ties , have played the stock mark
et up and down , have worked
tricks with tbeir dividend policies ,
have falsified their bookkeeping to
conceal surpluses , have virtually
confiscated the property of
confiding stockholders b y
dishonest use of proxies have
done everything to glut their
greed and nothing to give the
public honest service. Omaha
At a meeting at Omaha today of
the passenger representatives of
principal railroads doing1 business
in Nebraska , it was agreed , and
announcement is officially made ,
that the 3-cent , interchangeable
mileage book rate , good over rail
roads east of the Missouri river ,
will be made effective at once , in
terchangeable over Nebraska rail
roads between all Nebraska points.
This is an individual 2,000-mile
book sold to any person traveling
men , farmers , lawyers , doctors ,
merchants , or the like , and is good
over practically all railroads in
Iowa , Illinois , Wisconsin , Minnesota
seta , Missouri , as well as Ne
With the same mileage book a
fiat net rate of 2-V cents per mile
can be obtained good for bearer ,
good over the same railroads in
the same territory , including- now
While this does not help the av
erage citizen who buys a railroad
ticket it is in the line of concession
to head anti-railroad legislation
Passenger Traffic Managers
of the Northwestern ; Sebastian of
the Eock Island , and Enstis of the
Burlington are in the city today.
They conferred this morning and
it is presumed that it is in connec
tion with legislative matters that
are coming up today and to
morrow before the senate and the
house at Lincoln , relative to .the
2-cent passenger fare , measure ,
\t-he reciprocal demurrage bill and
Representatives of all road5 ? en
tering Omaha go to Lincoln this
afternoon to meet with the Injuse
committee on railroads to discuss
the anti-pass and the 2-cent fare
raeasurec. Wednesday night they
will attend a hearing the senate
has granted to railroad men on
any and all railroad measures now
pending before the senate.
Burlington employees have sent
to the legislature a petition bear
ing the names of 1500 of them in
Nebraska protesting against the
the passage of any law which
I wouM render inoperative the
1 Burlington relief scheme. World-
The passenger traffic managers
went to Lincoln and for three
hours discussed 2-cent rate before
the house committee on railroads
and other members , protesting
against the passage of such a bijl
and stating that it would injure
rather than promote travel. They i
also stated that if such a bill became - j
came a law it would necessitate i
their cutting down other expenses
and would prabably take elf some
' passenger trains and cut the wages
This seems ridiculous , as they
already have hard enough work
and few enough employees and
with increased travel more help
would be required and also more
or larger trains , likewise higher
wages to secure the needed help.
Spokesmen for the railroads
were P. S. Eustis of the Burling
ton , W. B. Kniskern of the C. &
N. W. , Gerrit Fort of the U. P. ,
and Frank Ney of the Rock Is
land. "These were reinforced , "
says the World-Herald , "by a
, score or more of the local 'big
guns , ' attorneys , managers and
political agents of the roads they
represented. Save for the four
main spokesmen the others did
not take part in the discussion ,
except for an occasional jump into
the breach to help one another out
of an embarassing position. "
It was argued that they were
not getting more than a 2-cent rate
now on the average and thought
it better to give excursions and
special prices , of which every
body could take advantage , and al
low them to charge 3 cents a mile
on ocher occasions. They also
argued that only one-sixth the
traffic on their lines was the local
traffic and that it would be an in
justice to them to be compelled to
haul at the 2-cent rate when the
local traffic .would noi\ support the
If this is the case they could give
us all a puss and let us ride free in
, Nebraska if we would only permit
j them to charge other people who
go through the state.
This also appears erroneous but
while they claimed the passenger
traffic was being conducted at a
loss they admitted that the profit
was in the freight department.
The price of a ticket from here
j to Omaha is § 9.00 at present ,
which carries on the average
150 to 200 pounds , or allow them
300 pounds as a basis which would
make the frieght $3.00 per cwt. ,
and no loading or unloading , and
very little wear excepting the ac
tual weight hauled. The freight
rates on the same haul is 66c per
cwt. for boxed goods , which re
quire much time unloading and'
making out and collecting freight
The people of Nebraska are not
J all from Missouri but they will I
i need .more than the statement of a i
traffic manager to convince them
1 that passengers are hauled at a
loss where every train is crowded
| until one can hardly find a seat
; and often must stand. It is stated
j that the arguments had little effect
on the committee.
IS A DOLLAR MADE !
Furniture and Hardware , Household Neces
sities in the best Enamel Ware , Rustless Tin ,
Copper and Nickle Plated Cooking Vessels.
Everything to furnish the home. My goods
were bought before the raise. Come and
get them at the old prices which are equal
to a big discount. To see is to believe.
Come and be convinced.
FRANK FISCHER ,
Hardware , Furniture and Coal.
tire Liquor Center
In all ages of the World and in all Countries men
have indulged in "social drinks and have used
Whiskey for medical purposes. " They have always
possessed themselves of some popular beverage
apart from water and those of the breakfast and
tea table. Whether it is Judicious that Mankind
should continue to indulge in such things , or
whether it would be wise to abstain from all en
joyments of that character , it is not our province
to decide. We leave that question to the Moral
We desire the PUBLIC TO KNOW that we
are neither BLENDERS , COMPOUNDERS
NOR RECTIFIERS ; also that we use the utmost
care to purchase our goods from the most reliable
houses in America , and just as we get them , they
pass into the hands of our customers. NO
SPURIOUS IMITATIONS or IMPURE LTQ-
OURS OFFERED FOR SALE. WE HAVE
THE LARGEST ASSORTMENT IN TOWN.
PABST AND KRUG BEERS
Monthly Meteorological Summary ,
STATION : Valentine , Nebr. MONTH : January , 1907
JOHN J. MCLEAN , Observer Weather Bureau.
U. S. Laim Ofllee , Uroken Bow , Nebraska.
Ji' nary 14 1 7 \
A s"ftici < > nt contest affidavit having foem
in this office by I un K. Weld MI , con' stunt.
a rtinst homes * -ad * Mify No 243S. m-ide Auiiu-t
2(5 , 1X)1. ! forK'iNEX SEj , E ' , section 32 , an.j
f > vV' N W'i. section : ! 3 , township 2."j. ranpe ; 35 ,
by Charles Phillips , eontestre. in whu-h
it'is aliened that contests bis ; \ \ holly abandon
ed said traot f. r rnur than six nioiithi ia'-t
pa-it , that said truri i not cultivated , improved
ur resided -ipon as r iuired by law. that the
land is no ia its \\io ! state and tha the ahovt-
allege detects exist at tins date aad hd-re not
Said parties are hereby notified to app-ar
re-poud and offer evidence touchiutr said allega
tion at 10 o'clock a. in on Kenruary 23 1907 De-
ion- the gi-tter and receiver at th > - United
Staffs land Office In Broken linvr.ebraskn ,
The said constant having , in a. proper affi
davit. til.'d Ja 12 , 1907.ct forth facts which
show that after dti" uili cuce personal service
of thi" n-iti e can -ot br made , it U hereuy
ordered that such notice be yiven by due and
proper publication. DAKIU3 M. AMriKUKG ,
- I 5 Keceiver.
la the District Court of the State o
.Nebraska , Within and for Cheri i
ry County. j
The South Omaha National Bank , " ! i
Plaintiff , | !
V51 * '
JamesP. Sweeney etal , l"XOTICE l" ,
D f ndants. ) '
To Citizens National Kuuk and Citizens Na
tional Bank of DeIoiues :
Yon. and each o v n re hereby notified that
theni is on flitin t > eMrsct Court of Cherry
County iN'ebra * a ptitionvherein the & . > uth
Omaha National Bank as plaintiff ha br ight.
suit against 3-ourseive& . irapleaded mth James-
P. Sueeney ctal. the object and prayer of said J
petition ts 10 foreclose two certain mortgages j
executed bj Janifa P. Swr ney ana Joseph li. '
Sweeney to said pKiutifl , one of whicn said
of N Wfe and X . of NEfc and Lot 1 all m Sec
tion 7Township er , Kange 37. and oth-r property - ,
erty ; the i t"erf said mortises was executed
April 27 , IWl and cover ? following described '
property in Cherry county , Nebraska : 'i of .
SEJ4and r > Uof S\\"Vi of . - > ecti n ! , Township
27. Hang- ; also. X A'4 of NWi.4 nnd XH ot
NE\ * and SKof .NK-i ! f Section 12. Township
LT. Ka KeS : ! , rt.lso lots- ' , nan-j 4 in Section 19 ,
Townships * , fcttiae 37 ; also lot 1 in Ji < Jttioi "A.
Townships. niiur87aNo S'2 or N\V-4 add
XEUo'NWj4a KlXWof XSii , Section 23.
Township 2 ? , P.an 37 ; also S % of SE and n/s
of S W ? * . section 32 Township 2s Kongi ? S7 ; also
X'i of NEW and EH of X\V'h' . .Section iV
Towshlp 2x. , Kanae 37 and other pn-p-
erty. The further object of said petitio ito
exclude you , and each of you , fiora any interest
or lien in or to said property.
You are required to enter an appearance iu
said ci.urt and plead to said petition on or be
fore the 18thay i March ILvr.
OM HA KATiriXAL BANK.
omssey , attorneys. 4 4
Notice to Creditors.
THE * TATF OF VRIUA ICA , /
COUNTY OK THEKRY. SS
In the Count v Court-
o e n av o February. '
1907. at 10 o'dock
a. rn. to receive and examine all claims against
said estate with a view t- > their adjustment and
allowance. The time limited for
nu uay uay oi March. 1906 "
witness my baud and seal of said Countv '
- - Court , this 23rd day of January 1307 Y
W Ft _ Tl I VvV 17 *
to Creditor * .
THE STATK OK NKJUASKA i In the
CH KIH v Cou.v r r. tsa County
In the matter of the estate of
Montgomery , deceased
To the crediters of said estate-
. , . . _
V < "kl * 3 l * Vt * r > r\lt < a *
\ -T * ' * * w - JAU41
W. Jl. TUWNE.
by the undersigned at
Of miles southeast of Valentine
neb. , the following : One roan ,
mare and bay colt , mare branded
o on left hip. about 9 or 10 years
old , weight 1000 to 1100 pounds
colt about G mo-hths old. < USO 1
roan pony jmare and roan colt
mare branded reversed 2 T is
about S years old , weight about
SOO pounds , colt six months old.
o 5 B. P. ClIAKBOXNEAU.
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