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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1906)
CHURCHES MAY RUN DANCES ,
in QittuUit : i - Jfc-ins nt
. proposition ia under svy in
.bv scvcraJ o ? tht churches , by which they
hope to provide four halls in whvch to
Siold dances for the young people who now
frequent the public dance halls of the
city. It is planned to hold these dances
a week and to have in attendance [
night oue of the church women , who
be interested in this work for the
.young people. Rev. B. H. Bell is at the
5iead of the plan.
With a party of newspaper people , and
mntler the protecting wing of two city de
tectives , Rev. Mr. Bell visited the dance
"Sails of Omaha and remained until a late
Ihour to study the conditions under which |
many young people take their Saturday j I
Tnight amusement. After these visits rene
of the detectives inquired :
"What are you going to do ? They've
got to have some amusement , these young
folks.Many of the girls have no homes j
where they care to invite their company
and there is no place for them but the
-dance halls and the parks and the thea
ters. Why don't the churches get to
gether on this question f.nd provide some
wholesome amusement for these young
ipeople ? "
"We are planning to do this , " said Mr.
TBeil. "We hope to establish at least four
5ialls in Omaha , where young people may .
; go to 'dance decently and in order. Danc-
aug is a natural amusement for young
Hieople and I am heartily in favor of it.
But the romping and hugging which I
Jhavc seen to-night is not dancing. If we
" stablish our dance halls , as we hope to
< Io , ' we' will have ladies in charge of the
Sails who will look after the young people , '
sind sec that everything is conducted decently - i
cently and in order. We recognize the
fact that they must have proper recrca- ' j
tion and that we must provide something
Sfaetter in the place of these dance halls.
* We hope to lay this matter before the
Omaha Women's Club and have their co
operation in the matter. "
Striking shirtmakers in Trenton , N.
.J. , have decided to start a shirt company ,
with a capital stock of ? 25,000.
East Liverpool , Ohio , with a popula
tion of 22,000 , is one of the most strongly
organized cities in the United States.
The Brotherhood of Locomotive Fire-
smeu has appropriated $1,000 for the ben
efit of the Western Federation of Miners.
Nou-uuiou garment workers in many of
jthe shops of New York State have struck i
for better conditions , and are asking to
3)e allowed to affiliate with the union.
Recent statistics indicate that the total
tirade union membership of Great Britain
sind of the United States closely approx-
/imate. The similitude ceases here , how- |
Ac-vcr , as in the British Parliament labor
lias 50 commoners.
Max S. Hayes , writing of the printers'
trike in the International Socialist , says
that So per cent of the printers are now |
-working on the eight-hour day , or about i
-40,000 out of a total of 45,000. About I
S.OOO are still on strike , and 3,000 , either
iby agreement or other reasons , have not
joined the movement.
Two unidn iron molders were arrested
3n Minneapolis for an alleged assault i
When the case came to trial they were
-found absolutely innocent. Two private
detectives for the non-union foundry , who
.arrested the union men , were at once put
on trial f < Jr assault , found guilty and
sentenced to GO days each in the work
house. Justice with a cap J that time. i
Chinese residents at Panama are stren-
tiously opposing the introduction of coolie
1 iabor , on the ground that the climatic con )
ditions are such that a heavy death rate I
is sure to follow. Every political party
in California has declared for the strict
maintenance of the Chinese exclusion act ,
-without modification of any kind , and for
the extension of the act so as to exclude
Japs and Koreans. j
From the Colonial Printer and Sta
tioner , of London , England , it is learned
that there is a movement on foot by the
members of the Manchester branch of the
typographical association which has for
its object the increasing of wages for both
liand and machine composition. The em
ployes point out that the existing scale
of washes in the Manchester district has
prevailed for 32 years. In 1S9G the em
ployes were granted a shorter workday ,
with no reduction in the wage scale. \
The Rhode Island State bureau of in
dustrial statistics has issued its annual
report for 1905. It shows that the num-
l > er of wage earners has increased nearly
10 per cent over 190i , with 59,438 as
against 54,189 the previous year. In the
same period the total wages paid increas
ed more than 11 per cent , from $22,630-
530 to ? 25,13G,300. An even greater in
crease is shown in the value of products j
with a gain of 1C per cent , the figures .
showing $12G,440,252 in 1905 , as com :
pared with $109,140,753 in 1904.
The Michigan Supreme Court recently !
.gave the following decision of importance
To all trade unions : "Workiugmen have }
Ihe right to fix a price upon their labor
and to refuse work unless that price is
obtained. Singly or in combination , they .
have this right. They may use persua
sion to induce men to join their organiza
tion or refuse to work except for an es
tablished wage. They may present their
-cause to the public in newspapers or cir
culars , in a peaceable way and with no !
.attempt at coercion. If the effect iu such '
SL case is ruin to the employer , it is dam- j
num absque injuria , for they have ouly !
exercised their legal rights. "
The report made at the New Eugland
label conference of cigarmskers' unions
at Portland the other day were most in
teresting. It was shown that there is )
but one non-union cigar factory in all ,
Xew England and that there are but 20
cigarmakers employed in the six States
who are not members of the union. Net
a child is working in any cigar factory in
New England. The New England confer
ence alone spent $20,000 on label agita I
tion and advertising. The aggregate I
gpent by the local unions in addition i/ j
estimated at probably $200,000.
DOGS TO AID POLICE.
CRIME-RIDDEN CHICAGO CONSID
ERING THE IDEA.
Believes" They "Would Drive Out
Hold-Up Men Cost Five Cents a
Day Successfully Employed in
Chicago correspondence :
The use of dogs to rid Chicago of hold
up men and of the creatures who terrify
and slay helpless women is the sugges
tion put forth by Capt. P. D. O'Brien ,
head of the city detective bureau. In it
many persons see a possible solution of
the puzzling problem , how to get rid of
the desperadoes who are a menace to life
and property in the city. It has there
fore met with popular favor and the city
officials are being urged at least to ex
periment with , if not adopt it The adop
tion of the plan would serve the double
purpose of affording protection and rid
ding the community of a growing nui
sance. Besides , Capt. O'Brien believes
it would check graft on the force.
The experience of Ghent , Antwerp ,
Paris and other cities proves that dogs
thus employed would cost the city only
five cents each per day. For the regu
lar , night patrolman's work Capt. O'Brien
would have the best Belgian sheep dogs ,
Biards and Groennedaels , while St. Ber
nards would be used as life savers along
the lake and river and in the parks , and
the bloodhounds would constitute the de
tective force , to be used in trailing down
criminals after a crime is committed.
3apt. O'Brien's schema is not a theory ,
aor does he claim any credit for original
ity in it. He simply lias made a study of
the methods of the French , German and
Belgian police dogs , and he believes that ,
sooner or later , Chicago will adopt the
jystcm and train dogs to be the compan-
ons and assistants of the night patrolmen
aid the night squadron of detectives.
From an experiment attempted by the
) urgomaster of the thief-ridden city of
Jhcut , the use of dogs was proved success
ful. Thereafter dogs were trained and
added to the force until now every patrol
man in the outlying districts of the city ,
or in the dangerous districts , is accom
panied by a dog , and the results so as
tounded the police students in Europe
that the idea has been adopted in dozens
of cities. According to the reports of the
municipalities of Belgium a trained , dog ,
iccompanied by a patrolman , accomplishes
the work of two ordinary patrolmen
aiid he and his master can do the work
and cover the grouud thoroughly more
thoroughly than four men alone could
Freed of Thieves.
So successful was the experiment in
Ghent that , within a few months after
the addition of dogs to the force , the
thieves and criminals , after trying des
perately to poison or otherwise kill the
police dogs , gave up the efforts. The
city now is declared to be clearer of crime
than any city of its size in the world , and
the arrest record shows that , with trained
dogs , a patrolman can make captures
which otherwise might cause need for a
"Chicago , " said one student of Euro
pean police methods , who is enthusiastic
in his support of Capt. O'Brien's idea ,
"could adopt the Belgian dog police idea
with better effect tEan any big city in
the world. The wide spread of the city ,
its great open spaces , the huge territory
which makes it practically impossible for
the present force to cover it thoroughly ,
the great railway yards , the docks and
such places should be made safe by the
use of dogs. In Antwerp , where I saw
the dogs used , the idea came to me that
dogs would solve Chicago's police prob
lem better and cheaper than anything
else. We have in Chicago more dogs than
any city in the world , not excepting Con-
stantinople , where they are used as scav
engers , and most of them are useless and
"Would Keep Out Creoles.
"The fact that dogs wee on the force , "
says Capt. O'Brien , "would have a big
effect on crooks and criminals of all
kinds. The dogs would be in charge'
patrolmen and would be taught to catch
criminals or disturbers by the back of
the leg and hold them. Police dogs are
taught that their only friends are the po
lice , and that they must always look
upon all others as their enemies. Further
more , they are trained never to touch or
eat any bone meat , or other substance
thej' find while on their rounds. The
dogs are trained to follow criminals over
streams , fences ar l all sorts of broken
ground , one of the police acting as the j
criminal and fleeing before the dog. The
young dogs arc trained and broken by the .
use of the old ones , and in two months a ,
dog of good breeding and intelligence is j
a capable officer. The dogs are kept iu |
kennels , specially prepared , at the rear |
of the bureaus of police. Always when ;
on duty they wear a tight tin muzzle , so
fixed that the moment the pathrolman iu
charge of them looses the leas' * the niuz-
zle drops off and the dog is ready for ac-
"It is wonderful to see how intelligent
the dogs become in police duties. They
can tell , seemingly by instinct , a thief
or robber. Their intuition is keener often
than that of their masters. There is another -
other thing the dogs keep the patrol- I
men from loitering on duty , and keep
them moving. "
The city authorities , in view of the
inability of the police to deal with criminal -
inal conditions here , are considering the
suggestion and it may be adopted.
Sleep Disease Puzzle Solved.
Prof. F. G. Novy of the university of
Michigan is said to have identified the
germ of the "deadly African disease known
as the sleeping fever , thus solving ttie
problem which had baffled Koch , the great
German bacteriologist. Prof. Novy will
to find a curative antitoxin.
To Pay Earthquake Losses.
The San Francisco chamber of com
merce has made partial estimates.of . the
fire losses as the result of the recent
jarthquake and finds that only forty-one
insurance companies have paid prompt
ind full claims.
35,000 Autos in a Year.
At a recent gathering of makers of au
tomobile parts it was estimated that the
number of automobiles made in the Unit-
sd States from Sept 1 , 1905 , to Sept 1 ,
1906 , was 35,000 , of which 32,000 were
Professor James Laurence Laughlln ,
who says that if the United States ,
floes not enter into a reciprocity treaty
LXUGHLTN. He was born at
Deerfield , Ohio , in 1S50 , was graduated
from Harvard .in 1873 and since that
time has had a notable career as teach
er and author. In 1895 he prepared
f-or the government of Sail Domingo a
scheme of monetary reform that sub
sequently was adopted. Professor
Laughliu was a member of the mone
tary commission appointed by the Indi
anapolis monetary conference in ISO" ,
and is considered an authority on mon-
j ary subjects.
. - * - '
Princeton , ImL , has a preacher who
believes in printers' ink. The town has
three daily papers and every Saturday
Rev. H. G. Otto ,
pastor of the Chris
tian Church , runs a
display "ad" in
these papers invit
ing the people to
come and hear his
sermon on the fol
lowing Sabbath. His
"ads" are written iu
an attractive way
and Rev. Mr. Otto
siys : his attendance EEV. H. G. OTTO.
has greatly increased since he began
to use printers' ink. Rev. Mr. Otto says
a church has as much right to adver
tise as anything else and he thinks the
time will come when other churches
will advertise their wares. In this day
and age he thinks a preacher who does
not advertise is behind the times.
Rev. Dr. Sheldon Jackson , , general
agent of the United States in charge
of education in Alaska , has had note
riety thrust upon
him in a manner
that has been any
thing but agreeable ,
The doctor , how
ever , makes a flat
denial of the charge
funds have been di
verted toward the
support of secta
rian missions in
Alaska and that he
BEV. DB. JACKSON.
. . .
jg responsiblc op
the official crookedness. The accusation
was made by Frank C. Churchill , a
special agent of the Interior Depart
ment , who was sent to Alaska to in
vestigate. No one , not even the offi
cials of the government , believes that
the doctor an estimable man is any
thing more than the victim of an unfor
v * ,
Brigadier General John J. Pershing ,
who attained his new rank from a cap
taincy by order of President Roose-
volh mvps his nrp-
ferment to the sol
dierly qualities dis
played at San Juan
and in the cam
paign in the Phil- ,
over the heads of
nearly 1,000 officers
who ranked him as'- ' '
captain , which has' '
stirred up quite a
with Germany the
latter country Aviil
declare a prohibi
tive tariff against
ducts , has been
chief of the depart
ment of political
economy iu the
University of Chicago
cage since 1892.
muss in the army.GEN- - J-
General Pershing was in the West
Point class of 1SSG and has repeatedly
distinguished himself in the service
during native insurrections. He vir
tually subdued the insurrection of Min
- - -
John W. Yerkes , commissioner of - internal
ternal revenue , who has issued the department - _
partment regulations controlling the"
making and han
dling of denatured
alcohol , is enthusi
astic in his predic
tions"of what it
will accomplish in
world as an agent
of light , heat and
power. Mr. Yer-
kes is preparing
jf w. YERKES. for an increased
force , especially iu field and chemical
work , to carry out the new regulations.
"Wife Baptizes Husband.
The unusual spectacle of a woman
evangelist baptizing her husband was wit
nessed at Kokomo , Ind. , when Mrs. May
Foster completed a series of revival meeet-
ings by baptizing thirty persons in the
river. Her husband was the last of the
thirty to receive the rite.
Si lie Industry in Oklahoma.
George E. Gardner , who is acknowledg
ed in Oklahoma to be the corn king be
cause of his successful efforts In develop
ing corn-raising in that part of the coun
try , has begun the cultivation of the white
mulberry tree , to develop the raw silk in
dustry. Already he has a number of silk
Worms feeding on the mulberry leaves and
ac work spinning cocoons , and Kas sub
mitted samples of the thread to Secre
The Duchess of D'Aosta made a balloon
ascension from Milan , Italtr.
GREAT LOSS OF LIEE.
TERRIBLE WORK OF WEST , N
Cuba , San Salvador and Key * O *
Florida Coast Are Dev Hlatcd
Xumber of Persons Killed Esti
mated at S73.
Loss of Life in Hurricane.
At Elliott's Key 275
Off Bahama Islands 50
Off Miami 28
At Havana 20
Total dead 373
Hundreds , perhaps thousands , of
lives have been lost in a 'terrific hurri
cane which swept from the coast of
Venezuela on the south to the Florida
coast on. the north , and which raged
200 miles out on the Atlantic ocean.
So far as known the greatest loss of
life was off the Florida coast. At
Elliott Key a great tidal wave inun
dated the island. The 250 inhabitants
were swept into the sea. From appar
ently reliable reports received the dev
astation on Elliott Key was complete ,
every living being perishing in the
A barge containing 100 refugees from
a neighboring key , which had anchored
in the ice of Elliott island , was struck
by , the tidal wave and swept out to sea.
Fifty of those on board were eithefc
swept into the sea or killed by the
force of the wave. The survivors were
carried on the crest of the wave fat
out and were picked up late yesterday
off the Bahama islands. Many of the
survivors were in a serious state as
the result of their experience and some
The extension steamer St. Lucie ,
which plies between one of the keys
and Miami , was caught in the storm
and sought the lee of Elliott key to
ride it out. The St. Lucie was caught
in the tidal wave which swept over
the key and driven ashore , with the
loss -twenty-eight persons and the
wounding of a number of others.
Northern Cuba , especially the prov
inces of Havana and Pinar del Rio ,
felt the full force of the hurricane
which raged there for over twenty
hours , the wind at one time attaining
a velocity of 120 miles an hour. Great
damage was done in the city of Havana
and to the shipping in the harbor and
twenty lives were lost by the collapse
In the republic of San Salvador
many lives were lost in 'a terrific storm
which raged over the country for ten
days. In many instances the' topog
raphy of the country has been changed
and the bodies of dead persons and
cattle are floating down the swollen
The Chinese Reform Edict.
Since the publication of the imperial
edict , which commits the Chinese govern
ment to a modernizing policy of the laws ,
officials of all classes have taken a hand
in the new movement. Forecasting by lot
any of the temples has been prohibited
by the chief of police of the inner city oi
Pekin , and Viceroy Tuan Shir- Kai haa
stopped the celebration of the Haulu fes
tival on the ground of extravagance. The
commission , which recently visited Europe
and America , has asked the empress dow
ager to remove the eunuchs from the pal
ace on account of their evil influence. The
constitutional government is to be estab
lished as soon as the public mind can be
prepared for it. In the text of the im
perial edict occurs the following naive
passages : "Since the beginning of our dy
nasty , there have been wise emperors ,
who have made laws suited to the _ times.
Now that China has intercourse with all
nations , our laws and political system
have become antiquated , and our country
is always in trouble. Therefore it is
necessary for us to gather more knowledge
and draw up a new code of laws ; other
wise we shall be unworthy of the trust ol
our forefathers and the people. "
Report on Tuberculosis.
Dr. Lawrence F. Flick , director of tht
Henry Phipps institute for the study , pre
vention and treatment of tuberculosis , al
Philadelphia , and his staff , have publish
ed an exhaustive report of their re
searches for two years , containing the
latest revelations of science concerning the
disease commonly known as consumption.
It is found that negroes are far more
susceptible than whites , and that the
class designated as houseworkers has the
greatest number of victims. The negroes
are particularly dangerous to the commu
nity because they constitute the servant
class and are brought into intimate asso
ciation with other people. As a general
rule there in a close association between
the death rate of tuberculosis and indooi
life , hardship and want.
To Investigate Capitol Scandal.
State Treasurer Berry of Pennsylvania ,
after refusing to honor bills for the ex
travagant trimmings of the new state
capitol , put Gov. Pennypacker and Audi
tor Snyder on record by asking them defin
itely what authority they had to author
ize the architect to spend $9,000,000 on
trimmings and furnishings after the build
ing had been declared completed , with the
expenditure of the original $4,000,000
appropriation. Both Pennypacker and
Snyder refused to answer , and Berry
pressed his belief that from $2,000,000 tc
$4,000,000 was expendad in excess of
what should have been spent. It waa ex
pected that the matter would be brought
into court by refusal to O. K. biHs.
A Business of ? 107OOOOOOOOO.
The annual report of the New York
clearing house for the year ending Sept.
30 shows transactions amounting to
$107,721,580,115. The total of balances
for the year was $3,832,621,023 , a gain of
over $20,000,000 as compared with last
year. Alexander Gilbert president of tha
Market and Fulton national bank , was
elected president of the association , while
Albert H. Wiggin , vice president of the
Chase national bank , was made .secretary
and Manager William J. Gilpin waa re *
1529 Siege of Vicuna abandoned by the
1610 First Duke of Ormonde , chief sup-
i porter of the Stuart cause in Ire
land , born. Died July 21 , 168S ,
1G22 Peaceof Montpelier , euding the
! Huguenot wars.
172S City of Copenhagen , Denmark ,
nearly destroyed by fire. .
1775 Continental Congress adopted the
Pine Tree Flay.
1777 Gen. Gates defeated Gen. Bur-
goyne at Saratoga.
1779 End of siege at Savannah , Ga.
1781 Americans and British opened bat
tle at Yorktown , Va.
17S3 American Congress voted to disband
band tha Revolutionary army OB
1797 Bonaparte and Austrian Emperor
concluded treaty of Campo Formio.
1S06 Battle of Halle.
1812 Second battle of Poltosk. . .French
military forces abandoned Moscow.
1813 Bonaparte defeated at Leipsic.
1815 Island of Jamaica devastated by a
1826 Last lottery sanctioned by the Eng
lish government held.
1834 Old Houses of Parliament , Lon-
I I don , burned.
1842 Grace Darling died.
1848 Mormon temple at Nauvoo , 111. ,
1856 Fatal panic at the Surrey Gardens
music hall in London.
1SG2 The Confederate , Gen. Morgan , oc
cupied Lexington , Ky.
1863 Departments of the " Cumberland
and Mississippi consolidated and
j placed under command of Gen.
1S64 Gen. Sheridan victor at battle of
Cedar Creek , Va.
1871 President Grant suspended writ of
habeas corpus in nine counties of
1874 Marriage of Gen. Frederick D.
Grant and Miss Ida M. Honore.
' 1S9S Spanish evacuation of Porto Rico
1S99 Arthur T. Hadley assumed the
presidency of Yale University
Rev. Dr. W. H. P. Faunce installed
as president of Brown University. . .
Boers defeated by the British at bat
tle of Dundee Hill.
1901 Bi-centennial of Yale University
1902 Lord Kitchener appointed to com-
maod the British forces in India. . .
Typhoon on coast of Japan ; 50,000
houses destroyed Total eclipse of
1903 Cresceus trotted mile in 1:59 : % . . .
Alaskan boundary fixed.
1904 President Roosevelt invited powers
to second peace conference at The ]
Hague President directed Secre
tary Taft to go to Panama to reas
sure people of the pacific intentions
of the United States.
1905 President Roosevelt departed ,
from Washington on a tour of the
RANCHES BECOME CITIES.
Fortunes Beiiis Made in Transform
ing ? Texas Panlinitdle. j
The western laud fever which some ;
years ago attacked Oklahoma and then
shifted to Canada , is now tzr&f virulent-
lv in Texas. In the last tw&ears "prac
tically all the bly ranches in the Texas
Panhandle have been bought by land com
panies. These have arranged with the
railroads to run excursion trains from as
far east as Indianapolis at half fare.
Their eastern agents gather up the farm
ers who will come , and these are all
bunched at Kansas City , Wichita or El
Reno , and there westerners who know
the land thoroughly and can talk a mum
my into a purchase take charge.
Amarillo , Texas , is the 'center of the
big land boom. Two years ago it was a ,
cattle shipping point , the center of the
gigantic LX ranch , with set-era ! hun
dred inhabitants. To-day it has 8,000.
and nightly people have to sleep on the
streets for lack of accommodations. The
old ranch was 27 miles wide and GO long ,
and was all under fence. There were
1.200 sections , or nearly 770,000 acres.
The company bought the land originally
for 29 cents an acre.
The land boom in the Panhandle be
gan when tfce company that owned the
ranch divided it up into sections and be
gan offering it at from $1,500 to $2,500
a section. A fourth of the land is yet un
sold , but the company has gathered in six
millions for the land disposed of. Its
sale value is now from $10 to $20 an
acre. There are other big ranches in the
Panhandle , out in the Big Pasture , as
they call it. These are all being cut up
and offered to the hungry land seekers.
There'll be a lot of dead towns in the
Panhandle when the bottom drops out of
this boom , as it will ; but while it lasts
the folks are having a good time. Men
who had nothing a few years ago are rich
now. Two-thirds of the business blocks
are occupied by land agents.
J From Far and Kear.
i Mrs. Lydia W. Clark died in Victoria , ]
; N. J. , aged 97 years , leaving ninety-seven i
| Gov. Magoon reports finding over 1,600
| insane in the national asylum at Havana i
in quarters built for not to exceed 400.
CHANGES IN CABINET.
SHIFT IN PRESIDED for
Oscar S. Straus and George "Von. I * .
Meyer Will Take Office Whc *
Shaw and Moody Step Oat Pcr-
Honncl ot Reorganized Body.
President Roosevelt announced Tuea
day night the reorganization of his
cabinet made necessary by the retire
ment of Attorney General Moody Jan ,
1 and the retirement of Secretary Shawr
of the Treasury Department March 4.
The two new cabinet ministers will b&
George V. I/ . Meyer , now ambassador
to Russia , as postmaster general ami
Oscar S. Straus of New York as secre
tary of Commerce and labor. Messrs.
Cortelyou , Bonaparte and Metcalf will
have new portfolios.
The rorganized cabinet will be as
Secretary of State EHhu Root of Nevr
Secretary of the Treasury George B"
Cortelyou of New York.
Secretary of War William H. Taft ol
Attorney General Charles J. Bona
parte of Maryland.
Postmaster General George von L *
Meyer of Massachusetts.
Secretary of the Navy Victor H. Met
calf of California.
Secretary of the Interior Ethan Allen
Hitchcock of Missouri.
Secretary of Agriculture James Wil
son of Iowa.
Secretary of Commerce and Labor-
Oscar Solomon Straus of New York.
Mr. Straus is a well-known New
York merchant who was formerly a.
Democrat , but left the party on the
free silver question , and has been a
Republican since. He was minister to-
Turkey under Cleveland's second ad
ministration and was reappoiuted by
McKinley. Mr. Straus is a Jew , and
his appointment is remarkable from ,
the fact that he is the first Jew to bo
a member of the cabinet of the United-
BURTON IS IN JAIL.
Former Senator Incarcerated In
Ironton ( Mo. ) Prison.
Ex-Senator J. Ralph Burton , the first
United States Senator ever convicted ot
a crime while holding a seat in the Sen
ate , has begun hig
term in jail at Iron-
ton , Mo. The high
est court in the land
refused to intervene
to save him from
the six months' sen
tence imposed for
having used his sen-
a t o r i a 1 influence
with the Postoffica
Department to pre
vent the issuance oi
j. E. BURTON. a fraud order
against the Rialto
Grain and Securities Company , a get-
rich-quick concern which fiourishe'd in
Missouri a few years ago.
When Burton , at that time a United
States Senator from Kansas , was con
victed of the crime of using his official
station to make money unlawfully , it was
said that he would never be punished for
his offense. He himself believed it would
be possible to obtain immunity for his
acts and that the humiliation and discom
fort of serving a term in prison would
not be his. Immediately after. , his con
viction an appeal was made to the higher
courts and it went as far as the United
States Supreme Court. It had the effect
of delaying his punishment , but the Su
preme Court denied his petition for a re
hearing in the case , and the ex-Senator
has begun his term in. the little prison.
Riots Sop French Races.
The throng of spectators at the Long-
champs course near Paris , last Sunday ,
was thrown into a panic by a riot in the
betting ring , which culminated in the
burning of the booths and the calling out
of soldiers and firemen to save property
end restore 6rder. The rioters retreated
when the soldiers arrived , but much dam
age had already been done. The disturb
ance was brought aiiout by a bad start
in the free handicap which left the favor
ite and three other horses at the post
and enabled an outsider to win the race.
The government next day took cognizance
of the riot by announcing that there
would be no more racing this season.
"Washington on Race Riots.
In his address at the closing of the
National Afro-American council at New
York , Booker T. Washington spoke of the
critical condition of the race problem
in the South since the riots at Atlanta. .
He condemned strongly violence as a re
prisal of violence. He declared that the
negro race must stand together in defense
of its rights , and urged the importance
of the northern negro making the best
possible sample of what the race could
attain to. He pleaded for eaual privi
leges , and insisted that if arms were per
mitted to be used by one race a like priv
ilege should be conceded to th olhr.
Paris Dames Discarding ; Corsets.
There prevails at present an unprece
dented corset crusade among the fashion
able women of Paris , taking their cue
from famous actresses. The society lead
ers have adopted the theory that the fe
male'figure is in reality more beautiful
and graceful in its natural lines than
with the construction and distortion of
the corset. Sinee the empire style has
come in the prevailing plan is to hava
the weight of the garments largely BUS *
oended from the shoulders.
Supreme Court Contempt Cases.
The answer of Sheriff Shipp of Hamil
ton county , Tenn. , and nine deputies , to
the charge of contempt made by the Su
preme Court in connection with the lynch
ing of a negro named Ed Johnson at
Chattanooga last March after Johnson's
appeal had been granted by the highest
court , was filed at Wasington , by ex-
Attorney General Harmon. The answer
contends that the negro's case was not
appealable , but that in any case tha
i sherifl and his deputies did their best to-
prevent the lynching ,
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