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About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1906)
CHILE GETS SHOCK
Earthquake Wrecks Valparaiso
and Other Cities.
HUNDREDS ARE DEAD
Fire Follows Quake and Victims Are
Roasted in Demolished Homes.
. / , , ,
. . * f
Disaster Similar to Tliat nt San
Francisco Befalls Port and Capi
tal of Southern Republic Tidal
TFavo Leaves Trail of Disaster
Miles of Pacific Coast Line of
8 oath America "Wrecked.
One of the worst
ters In the history
of South America
occurred In Chile ,
with the City of
Valparaiso as the
focus point of the
calamity , accordIng -
Ing to cables from
Valparaiso , Bue
nos Ayres , and oth
er South Ameri
can points. Ad
* I- vices are to the ef
fect that a large part oi' Valparaiso
has been blotted out , with an appalling
loss of life and tHe destruction of mil
lions of dollars' worth of property ,
while frightful damage has also been
caused to other towns and villages for
hundreds of miles up and down the
coast in Chile and Peru , by the suc
cession of earthquake shocks which
WATER FRONT OF CHILEAN CITY VISITED BY B IG EARTHQUAKE.
wrecked the entire Pacific coast line
of South America Thursday night
So widespread and so great is the
disaster that it was impossible as yet
to gather more than the most frag
mentary details , but enough is known
to make it sure that the catastrophe
ranks second only to that in San Fran
cisco. As was the case in San Fran
cisco , famine threatens the tens of thou-
ean s of survivors of the earthquake.
The earthquake caused such terrible
immediate damage that all communica
tion wars stopped between Chile and the
remainder of the world. The most ter
rible rumors were afloat In Argentina
and Brazil as to the extent of the Chi
lean disaster , some reports being to the
effect that not only has Valparaiso
been largely destroyed but that the
earthquake has caused sweeping loss In
life and property from one end of Chile
to the other. According to some of these
reports , 'Chile Is said to be a land of
wreck , desolation and death from the
southern to the northern boundary.
Sliips Lost In Harbor.
Following the first shock , which came
without warning and was of terrific
force , a tidal wave swept in from the
ferno of death , suffering and desola
Crossed tlie Andes.
From the few details of the earth
quake obtainable it appears that the
disturbance passed south along the Pa
cific coast and cross the Andes at
Buenos Ayres. During the night the
volcano of Tupungato was heard roar
ing , and the people fled to the churches
to pray for safety. At San Juan , in
the Andes , high winds accompanied the
The shock around Los Andes was
severe , and it is feared that the town
has been destroyed. Tb shocks also
seriously affected the towns of Rosario ,
Aranas , Rloja , San Luis , and Tucuman.
The disturbance was felt at some points
in the Argentine republic.
The earthquake occurred about 8
o'clock Thursday evening , and it was
of such tremendous violence that the
seismographs In Washington , Balti
more and other American cities regis
tered the shocks plainly. In Baltimore
the needle was thrown off the registerIng -
Is in Enrtlnitm'ke Belt.
Valparaiso is in a marked earth-
* J . I ' RAILROAD STATION OF VALPARAISO.
ocean. Many vessels were borne aloft
by it and hurled high and dry ashore
where their wrecks are now lying. Just
above the city one steawshlp lies near
ly a half mile Inland , her plates rip
ped and torn by the rocks and her hull
half burled in the sand.
The damage to the shipping Is be
yond computation. At the time of the
catastrophe the harbor was filled with
shipping from all ports of the world ,
jnaHy of the vessels being laden with
* * & . rich cargoes. More than half of them
* * ashore and most of the latter It
be Impossible to float again. Scores
of seamen lost their lives as the great
tidal wave swept the vessels ashore ,
nd for miles along the coast In the
, Orand Tlxal PUr (
MAP OF VALPARAISO AND VICINITY.
city the beaches are strewn with dead
bodies and all kinds of wreckage.
The misery of the Chilean Inhabit
ants is almost indescribable. It must
be remembered that it is mid-winter
there and that the rigors of the climate
add to the suffering of the thousands
who have beeu made homeless.
Two Severe Shocks Felt.
There were two distinct shocks in
Valparaiso , the second one causing
most of the damage. Scores of houses
crumpled up like so many card struc
tures , while others were engulfed by
the chasms of the earthquake , and hun
dreds of men , women and children
were blotted out of existence. The city
became a raging sea of flame , fires mak
ing headway in a dozen different sec
tions , most of the city which escaped
the earthquake's ravages being doom
ed by the flames. The fire-fighting
forces of Valparaiso were powerless
against the tremendous extent of the
flames and little could be done to check
An extremely large number of per
sons in Valparaiso who were not killed
instantly by the earthquake's effects
suffered injury from tumbling walls ,
and the list of the maimed and wound
ed will probably run into the thous
ands. The scenes in Valparaiso have
probably never been approached in the
western hemisphere except at San
Francisco , the city being an utter in-
quake belt. The city was partly de
stroyed in 1S55 by a seismic shock , and
many people lost their lives. In 1SSO
another earthquake visited the city and
caused considerable damage , though
the loss of life was Insignificant
There have been shocks of less violent
lent nature in other years. The recur
ring disturbances have caused some of
the residents of the city to build with
a view to earthquake resistance , but
In th main the town's structures cut-
side of the business center are frail.
In one densely populated section ihe
streets are tortuous and narrow end
the dwellings are so built as to offer
weak resistance to an earth disturb
STATISTICS OP THE
.EFFECT IX VALPARAISO.
Dead ( conservative estimate ) 2,000
Injured ( conservative estimate ) 7,000
Property loss $250,000,000
Number of shocks . / . 382
Duration of shocks ( hours ) 60 '
Area of city destroyed 60 per cent
Biff Building's Destroyed.
Arsenal. Bank of Tarapacay.
Naval schools. Spanish Italian bn'k '
Victoria theater. Bellavista station.
Italian legation. Espiritu Santo
Hotel Royal. church.
Electric light plant. La Marced church.
Bank of Chile. Gas and water wks.
EFFECT IN SANTIAGO.
Dead ( official report ) 55
Property loss $6,000,000
Rig : Bnlldlngrs Destroyed.
Parliament building. National library.
Municipal building. Archbishop's palace.
Court house. Peruvian legation.
Central market. President's palace.
INTERIOR CITIES DEMOLISHED
Vina del Mar 12,000
San Felipe 12,000
Los Andes 5,000
Llai Llal 2,500 _
Libat 1,500 '
Inca , 2,500
Year. Place. Victims.
345 B. C. Dujs , Greece ,
buried and 12 cities destroyed
in Campania Thousand 1
157 Asia and Macedonia. . .Thousands
557 Constantinople damaged.Thousanda '
742 Syria , Palestine and
Asia , 500 towns destroyed. .Thousands
1158 Syria 20,000 '
12SG Cilicia 60,000
1450 Naples 40,000 ,
1531 Lisbon 30,000 ,
1626 Kingdom of Naples , 30
villages destroyed 70,000
1693 Sicily , 54 cities and 300
villages damaged 100,000 ,
1703 Jeddo , Japan 200,000) ) i
1731 Pekin , China 100,000 i
1754 Grand Cairo 40,000 j
1755 Lisbon 50,000 |
1829 rSpain , numerous vil
lages destroyed 6,000.
1857 Calabria , Italy . . .i 10,000
1863 Manila , Philippine Isl
1868 Peru and Ecuador 25,000
1887 Southern Europe 2,000
1891 Japan 4,000
1905 Calabria , Italy 500
1906 San Francisco 2,500
In view of the visit of the earth
quake so closely following the San
Francisco disaster it is Interesting to
uote that the formation of the land
and the surroundings of Valparaiso are
similar to those of San Francisco. The
climate also is Almost identical with
that of the California city.
In addition to the fear of earthquakes ,
the Valparaiso people are in constant
dread of storms , which sweep Jn sud
denly and frequently from the sea.
Some of the most violent storms have
been coincident with earthquake
Chocks , and the possibility that the two
disturbances are allied in origin ic a
matter in which science is interested.
Although the main commercial cen
ter and the seat of government of Chile
.seem to have suffered most severely
from the disturbance grave alarm is
felt for the safety of the inhabitants
of scores of other places along the
coast , as the whole lower Andes range
was severely shaken.
As at San , Francisco , famine threat
ens the tens of thousands of survivors
of the disaster , and an appeal for
world-wide relief is expected from
Thure are 130,000,000 Russians and
only one Czar. This is what seems to
make ir one-sided. Philadelphia Press.
The sweet boy graduates are of two
classes these who hunt for jobs and
those who accept positions. New .York
Wheat is 10 cents cheaper a bushel
than at this time last year. Bread
should be cheaper , too. New York
From the way the rubber trust is
stretching out ene can see that its di
rectors favor an elastic policy. New
The Russian peasant is taking ad
vantage of the calm that precedes the
storm to get in his harvest. Philadel
. phia Inquirer.
Dowie has been ousted from Zion
City by the courts. Now is the time for
him to "make " " "
good" as a "restorer.
) New York Herald.
The people of this country wanted to
know what they were eating , and , having -
ing found out , are not quite happy.
It will probably suit the Russian ter-
] rorists as well to scare the ozar to
death as to smite him with a bomb.
Now a Boston scientist has discov
. , ered seventeen varieties of germs on a
ten-dollar bill. Boil your ten-dollar
bills. Washington Post
There is only one 'bridge that never
goes down under stress of weather , and
that is being played at summer resorts.
New York Commercial.
Before being shot , General Stoessel
is to be dismissed from the army. That
means he is to be fired first and shot
afterward. Washington Post.
About the easiest job now in sight in
St. Petersburg would be that of takinj.
the census of the American residents of
that city. New York Tribune.
"Uncharted rock , " says the captain
of the Siro. Four hundred lives is a
high price for such an addition to cart
ography. New York American.
Sir Thomas Lipton is coming for that
eup with two yachts next time. All
right if two yachts can sail faster
than one. Philadelphia Inquirer.
The Carnegie Steel Company will
drill a well 6,000 'feet. What an ex
cellent hole for President Corey to
crawl into. Philadelphia Ledger.
Back , back to your pagoda , bat-eyed
Gaekwar of Baroda ; well for you you'd
left our beaches ere you failed to praise
our peaches. New York American.s
Pittsburg has a way of keeping in
the news , what with rich men who
marry actresses and bank cashiers who
turn defaulters. New York World.
A university professor claims it is
possible to live without brains. Has
probably examined the fellow who
rocked the boat. New York American.
, Dr. Andrew D. White says that mur-
der trials are farcical. Perhaps he refers -
fers to those conducted in the columns
of the yellow press. Philadelphia Led
Henry W. Hering , cashier of the
ruined Chicago bank , says he knew
nothing about the looting. Why didn't
he ? That's his business. Philadelphia
If the proposed method of making '
paper from cotton stalks proves a suc-
cass ( the American forests will feel a
little less apprehensive. New York
The ice trust fears a famine because
it cannot get enough men to handle its
product. Has it tried offering wages as
big as Its profits ? Philadelphia In
"Heads you lose , tails we win , " seems
to 1 be about the show some of the Chi-
cage banks give their depositors for
their 1 money nowadays. New York
Maxim Gorky is making a lot of noise
not ] dissimilar to that of a man who
has been * bootcd" off the front stoop
and is trying to stifle his rage. Phila
It must * be highly diverting to the
Japanese to watch the Russians smash
ing that part of their armament that
did not get into the late unpleasant
ness. Chicago Post.
Bv the way , what has become of our |
old friend Count Witte t
? From his con
tinued silence we infer that he is se
creted somewhere among the tall grass.
-Philadelphia Press. I
New York is suffering from a short
age of chorus girls. There doesn't seem
to be any relief in sight unless the man
agers lower the age limit to 42. Phil
adelphia North American.
The English judge who bars sketching -
ing of scenes in the divorce court sets ti
a good example. The courts and their tiP tiP
proceedings should not be exploited for P
popular amusement. New York Trib- e
Colonel Watterson is curious to
know if the new slang skiddoo is any
improvement on tbe old slang skedad
dle. It Is. It Is shorter and better
adapted to tbese busy times. Philadel
The fire insurance companies need $
not expect to hear -the last of their
shameless methods in San Francisco
so long as they -welch or quibble over
their obligations. They have been guil
ty of the most foolish business policy at
conceivable. New York World ,
, A FAMHIAB CRY FROM THE NORTHWEST.
Sioux City Journal.
CUBAN REVOLUTION BEGUN.
Insurrector Kills Lieutenant Cap
ture Eiffht of His Men in Battle.
Government officials In Cuba reluc
tantly admit a revolution has begun.
Reports from the interior tell of the
first Important bat
tle and the danger
or fresh uprisings.
In a fight near
Hoyo Colorado the
Lieut. Roque or
the ru rales and
I captured eight of
his men. Two of
the rebels were
PRESIDENT PALMA. President Palma
has issued a decree increasing the
rurale guard force by 2,000 men. It
is reported that Secretary of Public
Worke Montvalvo has been placed in
According to a Havana dispatch
Guerra is advancing to take Piutir del
Rio with 800 men , wao are marching in
three columns. There are only 300
rurales defending the city. The rebel
movement in Pinar del Rio is w.de-
spread. Some estimates place the num
ber of rebels there at 2,000. It is ru
mored that Jose Miguel Gomez , with
600 men , is 'heading an uprising in
Sanctus ; Spiritus. It is impossible to
tell how big the movement is. If Go
mez is in arms it is a serious'affair. .
It is also rumored there is an uprising
in ] Cardenas. It is reported that a cab
inet : crisis is imminent and that Senor
O'Farrill , secretary ofthe government ,
Ever since the riotous disturbances
attending the Cuban general elections
last year there have been mutterings of
discontent and occasional insurrection
ary enterprises in various parts of the
island. At that time there was a violent
lent clash between the moderates and
the liberal parties , and Gen. Jose Mi
guel Gomez , the liberal candidate , open
ly defied the Palma government , declar
ing it to foe guilty of election frauds.
and various forms of coercion. Riotous |
disturbances , involving 'bloodshed ' , fol
lowed < at Cienfuegos and elsewhere.
The present revolutionary movement
in the provinces of Santiago , Havana
and Pinar del Rio indicates that the f
men who have 'been ' inspiring the vari
ous riots , dynamite plots and insurrec
tionary demonstrations that followed
last year's elections are still busy. Gen.
Gomez is again atthe head of the trou
ble and -the movement has assumed a
sufficiently serious form to warrant the
government ia mobilizing troops , a
pitched ibattle 'being ' already reported.
The 'fact ' that rebel proclamations are
being liberally distributed among the
rural guards recalls Gomez's boasts of
a year ago that in a crisis 0 per cent
of the troops would be found taking
sides against the government.
There is little to indicate that the
present movement is anything other
than an uprising of political malcon
tents < and adventurers Jbent on getting
control of the offices , though the recent
action of President Palma in forcing
the liberals out of power in the Havana
council , causing them to resign in a
body , may be the immediate exciting
cause. At the time of the disturbance
of last year it was reported that the
revolutionaries' real object was to cre
ate a situation which would menace the
government with a threat of interven
tion 'by ' the United States. It is quite
prohable that their activity now is for
political effect , with an eye to a more
even division of governmental patron
Deepening : the Delaware Cbannel.
The active work of dredging the Dea-
ware river channel to a minimum depth
of thirty feet was begun by the govern
ment dredges at the joint expense of the
city and State , which have appropriated
$750,000 for this purpose.
Lynching Postals Barred.
Postmaster Ramsay at Salisbury , N. C. .
refused to transmit postal cards bearing
photographs of the recent negro lynching-
that place. This action has now been
confirmed by the department at Washing
ton , and the cards will be confiscated
NEW MEAT INSPECTION LAW.
Secretary "Wilson Anxious to Re
store Confidence in Our Products.
After the first day of October next
every piece of meat which leaves a pack
ing house or slaughter house will bear a
brand or label marked "U. S. inspected
and passed. " And according to regula
tions which were issued by the Secretary
of Agriculture the other day this brand
or lab'el will be a notification to the world
that the United States absolutely guaran
tees , under its official seal , that the pro
duct is clean , wholesome , and that it was
packed and slaughtered under the most
careful sanitary conditions which the in
genuity of man can devise.
According to the census reports of the
year 1900 there were 929 packing plants
in the United States. The total capital
invested in the industry was $237,099,440 ,
and the value of the annual product of
these establishments reached the enormous
total of $913,914,624. Of course this in
cluded a great many small establishments
which are not affected by the Wadsworth-
Beveridge law , and the Secretary of Ag
riculture is not prepared to say at present
just how many of these plants will be sub
ject to government inspection , but the
Secretary does say , and he says it with a
great deal of emphasis , that no establish
ment which fails to provide itself with
government inspectors will be permitted
to ship a ham , a quarter of beef or a can ,
of goods , in which meat enters as a com
ponent part , to any place outside the
State inwhich the establishment is unless
it first provides for government inspec
The new law will be put into full force
and effect on the first day of next Octo
ber. On that day every ham , every side
of beef , every strip of bacon , every can
of lard , every -package - of meat food pro
ducts , in fact , every particle of food of
which meat forms a part , whether in a
barrel , box , can or canvas sack , or in any ;
receptacle or container , or loose , must
bear a government stamp before a railroad
company will accept it for shipment to a
point outside the State in which it was
LABOR FAMINE IN NORTHWEST.
Asrrlcnlture and Industrial Sections
Ijoudly Call for Help.
Scarcity of labor is the cry all over
the Northwest from the head of the lakes
to the wheat fields of the Dakotas , where
the demand has reached a critical stage.
In many cases the farmers are offering
from $2.50 to $3 per day and board and
have not more than 50 per cent of the la
bor ' they require. The same conditions
are being experienced in all lines of in
dustry , including the railroads , contrac
tors and miners both on the range and
in the copper country. The labor famine
in the Northwest is pronounced the worst
in the history ofthe section.
Even Chicago's bank failures are on a
Zion City's call for help is not ad
dressed to the ravens.
No place left for that Syrian leper , if
appears , but a balloon.
The Monroe d-octrine must be pleased at
having a hall in Rio named after it.
That New York woman's hotel is al
ready having troflble with the age limit.
In Russia when a workman strikes novt
the government strikes back -with a club.
Now that the Longworths are home the
country can afford to look cheerful again ,
Russell Sage's body lies moldering in
the grave , but his coin keeps working on.
The assassination business seems to b
the only thing that is flourishing in Rus
Miss Viola Allen announces one of th
last of her positive retirements from the
General Strike doesn't seem to be any
more of a success than the other Russian ,
There is a suspicion in some quarters
that the Czar's famous "iron hand" is
It will be conceded that Pittsburg is the
greatest steel , freight and trouble center
in the < world.
The Standard Oil Company will have to
use the card system to keep all its indict
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