Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, June 08, 1905, Image 3
RUSSIAN FLEET SMASHED Baltic Squadron Practically Annihilated by the Japanese. Fleets Clash in Korean Straits and Czar's Hopes of Victory Are Dashed. ® oestvensky's ] Ships Go Down Be fore the Victorious Gunners of Admiral Togo. Muscovite Admiral's Effort to Deceive the Japanese Fails Completely. jSDrcom of Russia for Success in the War Seeras Ended by This Disaster. A-dm'iral Togo has won a victory of colossal magnitude. It is certain that Admiral Rojestvensky's fleet has been ; practically annihilated during a big sea battle in the straits of Korea on Sat- nrday and Sunday. Twelve warships have been sunk or captured and two transports and two torpedo boat de- .Gtroyers have been sunk. One report which is given much credence is that Admiral Kamimura , Rvorklng practically independently of 'Togo , but under the commander's gen- cral orders , has taken an important sbare In the combat. The story is that after the first battle : nany of the good Russian ships broke \past Togo's line and made for the LINE OF BATTLE OP THE RUSSIAN FLEET IN KOREN STRAITS. ficlently formidable force in shape to continue the pounding of the flying Russian forces. Frightful Lous of Life. What the losses sustained by the per sonnel total cannot be ascertained. It is believed , however , that the Rus sians have lost at least 2,000 killed , wounded and drowned. One of their cruisers , the Admiral Nakimhoff , it is believed , was blown up and the GOO souls aboard were either killed or drowned. The daring of the Japanese is shown by the fact that one of the Russian ships , the Sissoi Veliky , it is believed , was boarded and captured , though it afterwards sunk. Altogether , the battle must have been one of the most thrilling of any age. There does not appear to have been lying between Japan and the Tsushi ma Islands , and there he waited. Lauds Knockout Blow. When the opportune moment came Togo struck , struck hard and success fully. The exact force which Togo had and the disposition he made of it are not yet definitely known. It Is believed he had four battleships , eight armored cruisers , thirty torpedo boat destroyers , and about 100 torpedo boats , submarines , besides some pro tected cruisers. About noon Saturday , far eastern time , which is twelve hours ahead oi American time , Togo gave the order / to attack. The maneuver he observed f was described as that of a melee. His torpedo craft are thought to have dash ed like a cloud of hornets at the Rus sian battle line. It was here that Ro jestvensky is believed to have suffer- - " - ' j y . : # : : - % . ' V . . . . - ; : RUSSIAN BALTIC SQUADRON SHOWING THE BATTLESHIP BORODINO. Here , when the Slavs thought tthey saw escape in sight , it is said , Elamimura was in waiting , and a sec ond battle was fought This proved ithe doom of the Russians. The Japanese sunk the Russian bat tleships Borodino and Sissoi Veliky , .and perhaps the battleship Orel , and badly damaged the battleship Kniaz "Souvaroff , flagship of Vice Admiral Hojestvensky. In addition to these the Jap fleet has sunk the Rus- armored cruisers Dmitri Donskoi , Admiral Nakimhoff and Vladimir Mo- ADH1BAL TOGO. ttomakb , and a number of torpedo boat .destroyers. The damage Togo has sustained is I not known. The Japanese have not permitted any information concerning their losses to leak out , nor have they communicated it to any of the diplo matic representatives of foreign powers in Tokio. All they admit is that they have suf- : : f red heavily , but they still have a uf- any hesitancy on the part of the Jap anese. They rushed at their foe with the same fanatical bravery their troops have shown in Manchuria , and the Russians , while they fought bravely , from all accounts do not appear to have been able to get home in the same effective manner as their enemy. Such terrific losses as Rojestvensky has suffered are not calculated to put heart into his men. If he has lost the greatest part of that without inflicting a corresponding loss upon his enemy , then'it is admit- etd that the command of the sea is lost to Russia , and Japan can continue to transport men and supplies to Man churia without fear of interference by Russian men-of-war. Story of the Battle. , When Vice Admiral Rojestvensky was at Saddle Islands , where he went through his last coaling operation , he directed the final maneuvers in the plan of campaign which he had adopt ed before ho left St. Petersburg. He sent five of his colliers and sup ply ships to Shanghai , there to await the result of the battle which he had determined to precipitate , and then or dered the remainder of his colliers and supply ships to pass out between the Liuchul Islands and Formosa , well to the eastward of Japan , and to make Vladivostok through La Perouse or Tsugaru Straits. With the remainder of his fleet well filled with coal , his guns loaded , and his men on duty beside their weapons , he began the dangerous task of forc ing the straits of Korea , which he had been informed Admiral Togo was hold ing. Admiral Togo appears to have been quietly spinning his web for the Rus sian fleet. With a foresight that can not be too highly praised he gathered his fleet at the one point which was the destination of his enemy. lie did not waste any of his armored strength in scouting or in attempting to cut off auxiliaries of the Russian force when these auxiliaries had no fighting value. He had under his command at the scene of action the entire navy of Ja pan. He distributed his ships across that portion of the straits of Korea ed the loss of his battleships and cruisers. The Borodino , one of the finest of his first-class battleships , and the Sissoi Veliky , a second class battleship of 9,000 tons , were the first victims. The Borodino was under the command of VICE ADMIRAL ROJESVEXSKY. Captain Serebrynikoff , an officer who commanded the armored cruiser Rurik , which was sunk by the squadron of Admiral Kamimura last August in the sea of Japan. The Veliky is supposed to have had aboard either Rear Admiral Foelker- sham or Rear Admiral Nebogatoff , so that this must have been a serious blow to the second Russian division and probably disorganized It An official telegram from Tokio to Washington states that Admiral Togo reports to his government that the total losses sustained by the Russian fleet Saturday and Sunday wore : Two bat tleships , one coast defense armor-clad , five cruisers , two special service ships and three destroyers all sunk. In addition , there were captured two bat tleships , two coast defense armor-clads , , one apeclai service ship , one destroyer and over 2,000 prisoners. Admiral Togo adds that the Japanese was undamaged. YANKEE YACHT WINS. Atlantic Distances All Rivals and Taka Kaiser's $ r > , OOO Cup , The Atlantic is the victor in the greai international yacht race across the At > lantic ocean from Sandy Hook to tin Lizard. Wilson Marshall's fleet three masted auxiliary schooner won the Kais er's cup in one of the most phenomena ! runs across the Atlantic that has evei been made by a sailing vessel of that type. The Atlantic covered 3,003 nau tical miles in exactly 11 days , 16 hours and 22 minutes. The yacht made ar average of ten and a half knots an hour greater speed than is made by the aver age ocean steamship. When the Atlantic crossed the line , winner of the ocean yacht race , the vic tory was that of the best boat ianned by the best seamen in the race. W have had a true yacht race at last. This was no match between "skimming dishes" or racing machines designed foi sprinting a few miles of a summer after noon , but it was a contest of deep sea cruisers over a long course in which the contestantswere subjected to all th ( varying conditions of wind and wave. It was a trial of skill in seamanship in stead of a mere jockeying match. Th triumph of the Atlantic is a sweeping one. one.The The wind favored the Atlantic , but not more than it favored the other schooner- rigged vessels in the race. On this score , indeed , there was no advantage , since the backers of the square-riggers wanted following winds and they had them. If the Atlantic distanced all competi tors it was because she was better built and better handled than any of them. Her victory was due to no chance , as the breaking of the transatlantic yacht ing record shows. It was another case of Eclipse first , the rest nowhere. Tho victory is so complete as to leave no room for quibbling or questioning. It is not so many years since a steam vessel which made the trip across the Atlantic in from ten to twelve days was considered speedy. Even now "nine-day boats" are common in the transatlantic service and voyages which consume a considerably longer time are not rare. The fact that a twelve-day record has been made by a small sailing vessel of 20G tons with a water-line length of 135 feet is conclusive evidence of progress in the boat builder's art and amply justi fies the Atlantic's claim to high honors. The Kaiser's $5,000 cnp will now come to America , where it is to be hoped it will keep company with tho America's cup for an indefinite length of time. As proof of American superiority in sea manship it means much more than the other trophy. The race in which it was won is likely to give a stimulus to a form of yachting which is real sport and not merely a test of carefully design ed racing machines competing under rules which make victory or defeat dependent upon hairsplitting distinctions about tech nical niceties. WHOLESALE PRICES GO UP. Report of the Bnreau of Labor Shows Advance Since 1897. The publication of the report of the bureau of labor shows in a general way that the wholesale prices of all commod ities were higher in _ 1904 than in any year since 1S90 , except 1903 , when the average of all commodities was slightly higher than it was last year. Food pro ducts generally were slightly higher in price last year than in 1903 , but not as high as in 1S90 and 1891 , the years im mediately preceding the period of hard times which began with the second Cleve land administration. Taking as a whole the tables prepared by the bureau show in a striking way that wholesale prices fell sharply after 1S92 and rose gradually after 1S97 , when the Dingley tariff law was enacted , and j advanced in percentages during the years following 1S99. The high water mark in wholesale ! prices for commodities as a whole was | reached in 1903. The average was a fraction smaller last year , when the av erage price was 13 per cent higher than the average from 1S90 to 1S99. With the exception of 1902 the high est wholesale price for farm products was in 190-1 , when it was 20.2 per cent above the average for the period from. 1890 to 1899. The wholesale price on food products was higher last year than in any year since 1891 , the average be ing placed at 7.2 per cent higher than the average of the period from 1890 to 1899. Cloth and clothing were 9.S per cent higher last year than for the nine-year average already referred to , and higher than in any year since 1891. Fuel and lighting were lower in price last year by nearly 17 per cent than the year of 1903 , but still much higher than in any other year since 1890 with the single exception of 1903. Wholesale prices of drugs and chem icals were lower than any year since 1S98 , but still were 10 per cent higher than the nine-year average. There was a slight fall in the wholesale price o house furnishings last year , but the av erage was 11.7 per cent above the aver age for the period from 1890 to 1899. A Minnesota Hero. George Bohn , aged 14 , of St. Paul , Minn. , rowed a 17-mile race with death on the Minnesota river recently to save the life of a companion , Matthew C. Taylor. Bohn and Taylor were on a fishing trip. While erecting a tent Tay- j lor cut himself with a hunting knife. Alone with his companion , who was bleeding to death from a severed artery in the leg , Bohn bound a willow twig about the limb , partly stopping the flow of blood , placed his unconscious compan ion in a boat , and rowed three hours on a dark night down the river to Fort Snelling. Arriving early in the morning , almost exhausted , young Bohn tied his boat to the bank and staggered up the bluff to the post hospital , where he se cured two physicians to attend Taylor. The latter was taken to the fort hos pital , where the artery was tied up. Yellow Fever Is Feared. Yellow fever is the foe with which the American authorities in the Panama canal zone will have to contend , accord ing to John Barrett , the American min ister to Panama , who is now in this country. The great problem to be solv ed , says Mr. Barrett , is the sanitation and preservation of health. . He consid ers as alarming the report of five cases of yellow fpver at Colon "alarming , " he says , "because up to the time these cases were reported no yellow fever had appeared there and it was hoped that the siMiatiou was in haac ? " BODIES STREW SflOflE NEARLY 7,000 RUSSIANS PER ISHED IN SEA BATTLE ! Rough Estimates of the Terrible L.OBSCB Suffered by the Czar'a Fleet Battle "Wan Supremely Terrible and the Bij Victory Has Staggered Japan. Hough estimates made of the Rus sian losses in the battle fought In the Sea of Japan , exclusive of nearly 4,000 j prisoners , vary from 7,000 to 9,000. It is thought that the majority perished. Calculating the complements of the sunken and captured ships at upward ; of 10,000 , this would leave 7,000 men , unaccounted for. It is possible that j the ships which escaped rescued some : of the members of the crews of the I less fortunate ships. Many bodies have been washed ashore on the isl ands and on the shores of the neigh boring coasts near the scene of the battle. Rear Admiral Voelkersam , who was commander of the battleship squadron ! of the Russian fleet , was killed the I first day of the battle in the conning | tower of his flagship , the battleship Osliabia , one of the vessels sunk by the Japanese. Rear Admiral Voelkesam was ap pointed commander of the battleship i squadron of the Russian fleet in July I last and left Cronstadt Aug. 25 with i the other vessels commanded by Ad miral Rojestvensky. It was Voelker- ; sam's squadron , according to report , j which fired on the British trawlers in the North Sea , mistaking them for Japanese torpedo boats. Admiral Togo's supplementary re port makes the Russian defeat a stag- j gering disaster , unequaled in naval his- \ i tory. Practically every fighting ship ! ' of a once splendid feet was either sunk BATTLE SUPREMELY TERRIBLE , London Correspondent' * * Graphic Ac count of Sea Fight. The Tokio correspondent of the Lon don Daily Telegraph scuds nn interesting description of the naval battle from n correspondent with the Japanese fleet , who describes the scene as supremely terrible , the guns of nearly Gfty warships firing. Togo's vessels , this correspondent anj-s , maneuvered with perfect precision. For n time both belligerents gave shot for shot , but with a hostile squadron on each side and another ahead of him , Rojest vensky was practically defeated within a few hours and was caught in the trap which had been waiting for him since he SCENE OF SECOND BATTLE. left Madagascar. He displayed hesita tion in his tactics and this resulted in the utter confusion of the Russian fleet. An infernal concentration of fire reach ed its zenith at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. As the Russians advanced in the direc- j tiuii of Vladivostok a Japanese squadron [ wns lying between them and their desti nation and the doomed Russians were battered on all sides. Between 3 and 5 o'clock in the afternoon a cruiser of the "I beg to report , Your Majesty , that the Baltic fleet has arrived at i Vladivostok. " Chicago Tribune. or captured , representing a loss of ton nage exceeding 150.UOO tons. The re maining units of the fleet , consisting largely of auxiliaries and transports , have been dispersed , some going to Vladivostok , others to the China coast. Admiral Rojestvensky , wounded , occu pies a cot in a Japanese hospital , a prisoner of war. The serious wound of Admiral Rojestvensky , who was taken to Sasebo on a Japanese battle ship , is a bruise on the forehead and a slight fracture of th < skull. The na ture of his internal injuries is not known. Tokio was astounded and elated at the extent of Togo's triumph. Before the combat a partial victory with oper- ' I ! VOLKERSAM. IIOJESTVE SKY. I [ tions around Vladivostok during the j I summer was generally expected. No j j one in Japan dreamed of the enemy's j annihilation at the first meeting. Later reports indicate that the fighting was of the most desperate nature. On Sat- , unlny and Sunday there were persis tent torpedo attacks following heavy gun fighting. Admiral Rojostvonsky appears to have been hopelessly outclassed in gun nery. It is reported that it was neces sary for Admiral Rojestvensky to change hi f flneslup five timos during the battle. He finally took refuge on the torpedo-boat destroyer , where he was captured. The Federal Cartridge Company was incorporated at Trenton. N. J. . with an authorized capital of $2.000,000. The Hydrothern Electrical Company was also incorporated there with a capital of $1.000.000 , | Admiral Nakhimoff class and the repair ship Kamchatka foundered after their upper works had been shattered. Russians broke in utter disorder , lost their formation and went zigzag. Th < Japanese closed in and pressed them to ward the Nagoto coast. The fight lasted until 7 o'clock in th < evening. The correspondent continues : "Togo risked nothing and lost nothing. Darkness brought a glorious night with smooth and transparent seas. The Rus sians were edging northward with tho powerful Japanese fleet in a horizontal line across their bows , forming an effec tive barrier. Then , under searchlights and cover of the big guns of the war- i ships , the Japanese torpedo flotilla began i like locusts to sting and sink the enemy , i the Russians continuing to return tho gunfire. At 2 o'clock in the morning the fighting was fierce and intense and no rest was allowed the Russians. "With dawn of Sunday the Japanese fleet came into still closer range. All day long the battle continued and by. evening was raging off northern Nagoto. The Russians were powerless to offer any effective resistance. " The Veto Power in Ohio. For more than 100 years the Governor of Ohio had no veto power , the present Governor , Myron T. Herrick , being the first invested with the power in that long ppriod. The story about the way in which the veto power wa.s taken away is an interesting one. Before Ohio be came a State the Governor's salary was paid in foes. The returns were not suffi cient to satisfy Gov. Sinclair , and he risked the Territorial Legislature to put him on salary. Accordingly two bills \\-re drawn tip. One of them provided a handsome salary for the Governor , the other abolished the fee system. The Governor passed thsalary bill , but ve- toed the one abolishing fees. It could | not bo passed ovt'his veto , and he con tinued to draw both salary and fees. The nfxt Legislature gut even with a ven geance by taking the veto power away Iroin the Governor entirely. Since then no Governor of the State , not even Mc- Kinley. has had any real power in own hands. Up a Vilhiire 3,400 Years Old. After being buried for 3.400 years a villa-re has again boon brought to light by excavators near Breslau. Prussia , ac cording to a recent telegram. The work men unearthed 400 graves and ] ; ,0 cave dwellings of the bronze age. Part of thorn are of the early bronze period. 1.500 R. C. Another part of the grave fields is of the later bronze age. The excavation includes a village of a dozen huts containing a collection of spinning and weaving instruments. Patronize those who advertise.