Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, September 29, 1904, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

* inions of Great Papers on Important Subjects.
b A * * : : : * - : AAA4S * $ dbdfcAAAdtAA4fc 4&
| * * 8g * W&W VPW * &V&&V&W * & * & W * & *
Better Stay at Home.
ET the Panama idea out of your head.
If you have packed your trunk and thrown
up your job , unpack it and ask your former
employer to take you back. There are a few
thousands of young fellows in this country who
have an idea thnt in the construction of the
great canal fat jobs will go begging , and that
it 1vill be a fine thing to chuck up the $30 a month place on
the \arrn and draw $200 every thirty days on tjie great
dilch.Applications for places are reaching the Canal Com
mission at the rate of 1,000 a day already , in the face of
the fact lhat there are no places at the commission's dis
Some time there will be a lot of work , and undoubt
edly the rate of pay will be high. But you couldn't stand
it. There isn't a more pestiferous hole on the globe than
that same canal site. The climate is as different from that
of the United States as dark is from dayliyht. Strange
fevers , that slay almost in a night , abound , and disease is
to be found everywhere. Undoubtedly , afl that can be done
to make the surroundings healthful will be done ; but even
then it is probable that the digging of the canal will be
done at the cost of thousands of human lives. The men
who work and survive will be largely those who have
grown up in hot countries , who are used to killing labor
and who are physically stronger than the average Ameri
can.If y6u have any kind of a position that pays you de
cently and has a future in it , you will be wise to get the
Panama idea out of your head. If , when the time conies ,
you will go , and have a family , in justice to them get your
life insured , if any insurance company will take the risk.
Cincinnati Post.
How Far Is the Traveling Public Responsible ?
HE recent Colorado railroad disaster is another
startling demonstration of the fallibility of man
agerial precaution in the operation of railroads.
The cloudburst which caused the wreck and re
sulted in the loss of so many lives was one of
those exhibitions of elemental force which not
iim-equeutiy upset every theory of human foresight and
make a mockery of engineering skill. Such accidents can
be avoided in only one way , and that is by holding all trains
during such terrific storms and this the public would not
tolerate. On the contrary , there is a constant demand for
a reduction in running time , for greater speed , for annihi
lation of distance. By yielding to this pressure railroad
managers are in danger of los'.ng sight of the cardinal factor
of safety. The American people are afilicted with the
mania of rapidity. No railroad train , no trolley car , no
automobile , no horse can go fast enough. If a railroad
company were to run its trains on a safety schedule it
would be boycotted by the traveling public.
How far , then , is the public responsible for railroad
Accidents that are caused , by the lack of proper precau
tionary measures in the running of fast trains ? Accidents ,
of course , happen which cannot .be avoided. Unfortunate
ly too many of them result from .the recklessness bred by
the devil-may-care impulse of "getting there at any risk. "
It would seam that we haveabout reached that point
where a reaction must set in. A few more horrors like
that in Colorado and the recent one near Chicago Heights ,
and there will be a revolution of public sentiment which
may result in the subordination of speed to safety. Chi
cago Journal.
Teach the Boys to Swim.
HESE are the days when the paivto of small
boys feel anxious lest their offspring may seek
deep water and come to grief. The youngsters
are commanded not to go swimming. They are
punished if they are caught with wet hair.
Sometimes the shrewd mother ties peculiar
knots in tue fastenings of shoes and clothes and thus de
tects the outdoor bathing enterprise of the boy. Then
comes trouble , and the average boy , having once tasted the
Curious Relic Once Belonged to Queen
Mary of Scotland.
The descendants of Mary Setoun ,
one of the four maids of honor to
Mary Queen of Scotland , have in their
possession a curious watch , which was
given by that queen to her favorite.
The watch , which is in the shape of a
miniature skull , is about two inches
-and a half in diameter. It is supposed
to have been purchased by Mary her
self when on. a visit to Blois with her
Jiusband , the dauphin of France , as
It has the name of a celebrated Blois
manufacturer engraved on it
The entire skull is curiously en-
gTaved. On the forehead there is a
picture of Death , with the usual
scythe and hour glass and sand glass.
He is depicted as standing between
a palace and a hovel , to show that he
is no respecter of persons , and under
neath is the familiar quotation from
Horace , "Pallida more aequo puisat
pede pauperiuin tabernas Regumque
turres. " At the back of the skull 13
another representation , this one being
of Time devouring everything. Time
also carries a scythe , and beside him
is the emblem of eternity the serpent
With its tail in its mouth.
The upper section of the skull is
divided into two pictures. On one side
is the Crucifixion , with the Marys
kneeling at the foot of the cross , and
on the other side are Adam and Eve
surrounded by animals in the Garden
of Eden.
Below these pictures , running right
round the skull , there is an openwork
to allow the sound of the strik
ing of the watch to be heard. The
openwork is a series of designs cut
to represent the various emblems of
the Crucifixion , such as scourges , the
cross , swords , spears , the lantern used
in the garden , and so forth. All of
the carvings have appropriate Latin
By reversing the skull and holding
the upper part in the palm of the
hand and lifting the under jaw on its
hinge the watch may be opened , and
on the plate inside is a representation
of the stable at Bethlehem , with the
* % * * * . < '
sweets of a dive in a pool , will only await his chance to
repeat his adventure. When such disposition is discovered
it is far bettor that the father of so determined a boy , in
stead of punishing himtake in hand the lad's natatory
adventures and escort him personally to the bathing beach ,
to superintend his swimming. The more the youngster
is whipped for his secret swims the more shrewdly he will
contrive to hide them. And in his hiding he is likely 'to
seek dangerous places , where he cannot 'be easily seen. His
companions are usually boys of his own age , who can
not help him if he gets into trouble in the water. Jle
should , of course , be kept at home if possible from such
places , but when the Abater-call is heard in midsummer
nothing short of bolts and bars can keep the boy swimmer
from his plunge. The bathing beach is provided in large
part just to offset this danger. It is not all it should be
yet , in point of equipment and regulations for its use , but
it is nevertheless an excellent institution , where every con
dition is as near to safety as possible , and where the dan
ger to the youngster who goes swimming alone is reduced
to a minimum. The boy who is taught by his father to
swim is a happier lad than he who has to sneak away with
other boys and learn in some muddy hole in the creek or
some dirty wharf basin. Every boy should be taught to
swim as soon as he has the strength to maintain himself
in the water. It is an invaluable accomplishment , which
at any time may save a life. Tfashington Star.
Where Is the Russian Army ?
HERE is the enormous Russian army which
the advance notices of the war said would be in
Manchuria by this time ? What has become of
that mighty host , as numerous as that which
followed Xerxes ? Before hostilities began the
estimate was that the Czar had 200,000 troops
in the Far East. At home , with the colors and in reserve ,
were several millions ready for transport. Nearly five
months have elapsed. Does the Manchurian army manifest
the phenomena of preponderous bigness ?
On the contrary , the excuse of every Russian com
mander who has yielded his line has been the presence of
the enemy in greater numerical superiority. At the Yalu ,
Naushan Hill , Telissu , in fact , everywhere contact has oc
curred , the Russian story of a few against many of an
encompassing Japanese tide at once sweeping over the
front and lapping the flanks. Even Kuropatkin has joined
the chorus , thus confessing weakness , and as a justification !
for the withdrawal , not merely of a detached force or an
advance guard , but of his main army , says the Japanese
possess the vis major.
Yet the most liberal estimate 6oes ! npt place the Mikado's
soldiers in Manchuria at more than 200,000. An army in
defense , according to accepted modern military canons ,
ought to be able to hold twice its number in check. Did
not Lee stay Grant from Richmond with a force less than
half that of his adversary ? Were not the Boers able to
arrest the progress of an army many times larger than
their own ? Kuropatkiu's dispositions , unless Russian in
capacity is colossal , suggest a commander who believes his
enemy exceeds him. Where , then , is the Russian army ?
New York Globe. \
Big Expositions Played Out.
HE plain truth is that the country has had a
surfeit of expositions , and that there is not
the popular interest in this one , great as it
undoubtedly is , which its projectors antici
pated. It is useless to say that the people
ought to be interested ; that it is a patriotic
duty to lend support to such an enterprise.
Perhaps that is the idea that Secretary Shaw has in mind
when he complains that the management has not made
sufficient use of the newspapers. It is of no use to talk
of that. If the people do not want to go to St. Louis ,
they will stay away. In the autumn , when St. Louis is
cooler , the attendance will doubtless be larger. But there
is little reason to hope that it will be large enough to
make the enterprise financially succossful. Rochester
Union and Advertiser.
shepherds and their flocks in the dis
The works of the watch are in the
brains of the skull , the dial plate
being where the roof of the mouth
would be fn a real skull. This is of
silver and gold , with elaborate scrolls ,
while the hours are marked in large
Roman letters. The works are remark
ably complete , even to a large silver
bell with a musical sound , which
holds the works in th skull when the
Avatch Is closed.
This curious old watch Is still in
perfect order , and when wound every
day keeps accurate time. It is too
large to be worn and was probably In
tended for a desk or private altar.
Kansas City Journal.
Better Seek an Education at 70 than
Remain Ignorant.
A few years ago two American wo
men excited some comment by enter
ing college for a complete course , one
being 70 years of age and the other
nearly as old. One gave as her rea
son a life-long ambition. Having mar
ried 'before her aspiration for a col
lege education could be realized , she
devoted herelf faithfully to her do
mestic career , but never ceased to de
plore her meager schooling. Her chil
dren having grown into men and wo
men and having married and lelt her
alone in her home , she could see no
reason why she should not undertake
to carry out her early purpose. She
found greater pleasure in study than
in anything else and although she
might die before graduation , still she
would "have enjoyed her later years to
a degree which no other occupation
would allow.
Harvard reported four venerable stu
dents in the summer school , one a New
Hampshire preacher of 83 years ; an
other a Congregational minister ( Dr.
Leonard Woolsey Bacon ) , who has
written a good deal for the magazines
and who is 74 years old , and two oth
er preachers of about GO years each.
Of course this is not like entering for
a full university course , but eaci of
this remarkable Quartet has a special
branch which he wishes to master with
the aid of the college professors. They
recall the case of the learned blacko
smith , who , after he had reached the
term of life prescribed by the Psalmist ,
became an unusual linguist with the
complete mastery ' of many tongues.
There comes a 'time in the life of
nearly every man when he realizes
that he is growing old. Perhaps it is
in the very prime of life , about the for- e
tieth year , that this recognition of hia r
mortality gives the most distress , and .
he is disposed to doubt whether It is
possible for him to accomplish any.
thing worth whila In the face of
much evidence to the contrary it has °
been affirmed that a man who has
done nothing great before that age will
never do it ; that life after 40 consists
mainly In learning on previous acqui- n
sltions. However , as time goes on
many a man develops a new courage ,
and especially he resolves to live thor
oughly and heartily to the last mo
ment. As a French philosopher urg
ed , a man should keep at his work
as though immortal , even though he
should know that death would come to
morrow. Another moralist asserts that
a man who , on a sinking ship , should
not take his pill at the prescribed mo
ment and wind up his watch lacks a
manly quality. Anyhow , the man who
at SO or any other age at which he
retains a healthy mind docs not shrink
from a < n undertaking merely because
death is near gets the best out of life.
Philadelphia Record.
A Substitute 1'or Cork. to
Notwithstanding all the achieve
ments of practical science , there are be
some indispensable materials the mak
ing of which is still nature's secret ,
and for which , no entirely successful
substitute has been found. Among
these substances is cork , and it is pos-
sible that in this case nature offers a of
substitute in the wood of a tree , grow- * r
ing on the east coast of Lake Tctfad. e.
in Africa , which is of even le s specific
gravity than cork.
Best Language lor the Telephone.
French is said to be more easily un-
derstood over the telephone than E"c- .
Out of 29,287,000 persons in the
United States engaged in earning their
bread by the sweat of their faces in
the census year 1900 , 10,438,219 were
employed in agricultural pursuits.
These were divided into many classi
fications , farmers , planters and over
seers , da'/ymen and dairywornen , gar
deners , florists and nurserymen , stock
raisers , herders , drovers , wood chop
pers and apiarists. Next to the farm
er in numerical strength stands the
tnanufactlring and mechanical pur
suits. There are 7,112,304 persons ac
tively engaged in these wonderfully
varied occupations , so extensive in all
their ramifications and classifications
that a mere list of these would enu
merate more than 150 forms of skilled
and ordinary artisanship , ranging
through all the different forms of man
ufactures. Domestic and personal serv
ice comes next. 5,093,778 persons be
ing emvlled as barbers and bartenders ,
watchmen , policemen , firemen and
waiters. In addition to these , under
this classification , are gathered the sol
diers , sailors and marines of the regu
lar army , 128,730 in all. Fourth posl-
tion in this great rank goes to trade
and transportation , which gathers
within its numbers 4,778,233 persona ,
or about the present population of New
York .city. This includes an army of
steam and street railway employes ,
Bailors and their officers and the like.
Immigration officials say that the
class of immigrants coming here has
materially changed within the last few
years. Formerly passage was more
expensive and it required industry and
moral stamina to acquire the neces
sary funds to make the journey. Then
men and women of the sturdy pioneer
type came to this country and made
good citizens. To-day the corn-petition
between the steamship companies has
resulted in offering unusual induce
ments to immigrants. Foreign gov
ernments are also irsore or less indi
rectly promoting immigration of the
undesirable surplus in their over
crowded districts. The result Is to
overcrowd the cities , reduce the price
of labor by oversupplying the market
and crowding every avocation and to
tend constantly to lower the standard
of living of the American workman
by bringing him into competition , in
the mines and on the railroads , with
the same class of labor from compe
tition with which he has been shielded
by a protective tariff.
Prize money for the capture of Span
ish ships and property in the battle of
Manila Bay has recently been paid to
Admiral Dewey and his men. Bounty
for the destruction of the Spanish
ships has already ben paid. The pay
ment of prize money , which Is distinct
from bounty , was delayed by compli
cated litigation ; the disagreement
about the real value of the capture
was genuine , and in no way involved
unfriendliness between the claimants
and the government. Half the prize
money went by law to the naval pen
sion fund ; the other half , amounting c
to three hundred and seventy thou
sand dollars , was divided between Ad
miral Dewey and those who fought
under him. The admiral received
$18,500 ; the commanding officer of tle
each vessel received one-tenth of the e
amount awarded to it ; and the other si
officers and the men were paid In pro siC
portion to their salaries , an amount C
equal in each case to five months' pay. E
United States treasury experts fig d
ured that on the first of last month dcl
both the total and the per capita mon clSi
etary circulation of the country had Siei
reached the highest point ever record eiw
ed. The total in circulation was a w
little . more than two billion five hun i
dred and forty-six million dollars , and
the per capita thirty-one dollars and bi
six cents. There may be some com M
fort in knowing just what each man's
share is , even if some persons find m
themselves unable to recall.just at tho tc
moment , where their thirty-one dollars ?
are. SI
The treasurer of the United States
on May 6 , 1903 , redeemed two half-
cent pieces. This Is the first time In ai
the history of the country that any SI
such coins have been presented for re SIA
demption. It is more than a century A
since the first half-cent piece was N
coined , and it is nearly fifty years
since the government discontinued ca
minting them. It [
Speaker Cannon said the other day Y
that he received a thousand dollars in
wages for the first five years that he
worked for hire , and saved half of it. sii ;
he should write an article on "How siiOl
Live on Two Dollars a Week , " It Ol
would be worth reading , for it would
a record of actual experience. in
If the entire production of coal In
the United States during 1903 were
loaded on freight cars with a capacity Si'
] thirty tons each the trains contain
ing it would encircle the globeat the ou
equator ' about three and one-third tit
times. "V
. _ _
The late George G. Vest , when a G (
member of the United States Senate ,
was the pygmy of that most august of >
body physically.
! ' ' ' . {
' Tjlfi * !
One Hundred Years Ago.
The rice crop of South Carolina was
completely destroyed by the great hur
ricane which swept over the Southern
Mr. Dearborn , son of the Secretary
of War , left for Algiers with presents
for the ruler of that country.
Spain formally demanded America's
complete renunciation of east and. west
An American newspaper declared
that it would be wisest to retain the
island of New Orleans and sell the rest
ot the Louisiana purchase to Spain for
what it would bring.
Seventy-five Years Ago.
The first public school in Baltimore
was established.
Col.Trumbull , the artist , recom
mended the application of beeswax to
the backs of the pictures in the capi-
tol at Washington to preserve them.
Great preparations were commenced
to celebrate the approaching marriage
of Ferdinand , King of Spain.
The first steam sawmill'in Pittsburg
began operations.
Fifty Years Ago.
The British consul to the Sandwich
islands presented his protest against
the annexation of those islands by the
United States.
The French and English Baltic
fleets left those waters homeward
Florence Nightingale , with other
nurses , arrived at Scutari to care for
the suffering among the Anglo-French
The theater at Boulogne was burned
and the Emperor acted as a fireman.
Forty Years Ago.
The draft was jeing put into force
in nearly every Northern State.
Corrections in the apportionment cut
the draft for Illinois districts 50 per
The Cook county , 111. , board of su
pervisors offered a bounty of $10 to
brokers for each man secured for en-
An engagement between French and
Mexican forces on the Rio Grande be
came a quadrangtilar fight in which
the French and Confederates were
routed by the Union and Mexican sol-
New York was depressed over the
reported blowing up of Admiral Far-
ragut'sflagship ; , the Hartford , by ac-
cident off Mobile.
Thirty Years Ago.
Gov. Kellogg , who was removed by
the White League , was restored to the
executive : post of Louisiana , McEnery
The grand jury of the District of N
Columbia refused to indict Charles A. si
Dana of the New York Sun for libel
on ] charges made by "Boss" Shepherd.
Theodore Tilton made a second and
detailed < public statement of his
charges against Henry Ward Beecher ,
giving conversations and correspond'
ence with Mrs. Tilton.
A Chicago and Northwestern train
went from Fulton. lowaf to Chicago ,
133 ; miles , in 142 minutes.
Forty young girls perished in the
burning of a cotton mill at Fall River ,
Mass. n
The British claims awarded by the. P
mixed commission under the
Washing al
ton treaty of 1873 , and amounting to yc
1,930,000 , were paid by the United ec
Twenty Years Ago. a
The Czar , the Emperor of Germany
md the Emperor of Austria met at
Skierneviece. E
The sixteenth annual reunion of the
A.rmy of the Cumberland opened in f0
Sew York.
Four hundred and ninety-two new lo >
ases of cholera developed in southern ev
taly and 1G9 deaths occurred.
James G. Blaine , Republican presi- " ?
lential nominee , left Boston for New f
Fork on a tour of the middle West.
Reports were sent out from Cairo ,
2gypt , that Gordon had raised the
iege of Khartnm. F
Earthquake shocks were felt in
Dhio , Indiana and Michigan. 11
England had an army of 13,559 men St
Egypt. N.
fen Years Ago.
Forest fires raged around Bena , Al
giers ' , with great loss of life.
Judge Gibbons ordered judgment ol
mster against the Distilling and Cat- i
Feeding Company , the so-called
'whisky trust. "
Lev ! P. Morton was nominated for in'
Jovernor by New York Republican * . pn
Announcement was made at Tokio in'
the ratification of the British-Jap- an
inese treaty.
iir 'ie liiblo.
It was the meeting of the Christian
Endeavor Society. " Nnr the close , the
leader suggested that each one should
tell what part of the Bible he read the
" ! t. .and ghe the reason.
The last one to speak was a lad. who
said with a little hesitation that ho
read the first chapters of Genesis more
than any others.
A look of surprise and curiosity "was
manifest in all the listeners , as he
went on to give his reason :
"You see I always resolve every
New Year that I will begin and read
the Bible through : but I never get very
far. and of course I always have to
make n - niiimr.
Ijcsson lor "Women.
Jersey Shore. Pa. . Sept. 20. ( Spe
cial. ) "Dodd's Kidney Pills have done
worlds of good for me. " That's wiiat
Mrs. C. B. Earnest of this place has
to say of the Great American Kidney
"I was laid up sick. " Mrs. Earnest
continues , "and had ilot been out of
bed for live weeks. Then I began to
use Dodd's Kidney Pills and now I ain
so I can work and go to town without
suffering any. 1 would not be without
Dodd's Kidney Pills. 1 have good rea
son to praise them everywhere. "
Women who suffer should learn * a
lesson from this , and that lesson \ "i
"cure the kidneys with Dodd's Kidne/
Pills and your suffering will cease. "
Woman's health depends almost entire
ly on her kidneys. Dodd's Kidney
Pills have never yet failed to make
healthy kidneys.
Her Curiosity.
"Mrs. Chcllus looks bail , doesn't she ? "
"Yes. ami no wonder. ' She's been
awake every night for a. week past. "
"The idea ! What was the matter ? "
"She discovered about a week ajro
that her husband talks in his sleep , and ,
of. course , she had to listen. "
$ S5oOO in Gold Coin
. Will be paid in prizes to those com
ing nearest at estimating the paid at
tendance at the St. Louis World's
The above amuunt is deposited with
the Missouri Trust Company , as per
the official receipt of the treasurer of
: [ that t financial institution and publish-
'p < i in the schedule of prizes announced
elsewhere in this paper. The World's
Fair 'Contest Company. Delmar and
Adelaide avenues , St. Louis , Mo.t are
offering these prizes and there is no
doubt of the cash being in bank to pay
the lucky winners. The contest closes
October loth ,
Why Ned .Rescued the Boy.
"That was a brave act ! " ejaculated
a Boston man , as he stood on the
wharf in a little southern town and
saw an old negro plunge unhesitating
ly into the deepest water to save a
very small boy who had stumbled and
fallen from some piling. "A brave
act and he is a hero , no matter how
black the skin he wears ! "
The Bostonian was foremost in the
group that gathered about Uncle Ned
when he climbed back on the deck vvith
the rescued lad.
"Your son is it , old man ? " he quer
ied. "Or perhaps only your grand
son ? "
There was very fervent admiration
in the down caster's tones as he put
the question.
"No , suh ; no , suh , " gurgled Uncle
Ned. "Dat li'i rascal ain't no kiuuery
er mine. "
"Then it was all the braver , " ex
claimed the interrogator , positively
baring his head out of respect for the
old man's high-born courage.
"Iluh , " sputtered the hero , "you sho *
clon'c think I'se durn fool 'nough to let
dat boy drown when he's got every
speck er my fish bait in his pocket ? "
Washington Post.
Beat of Backs Give Out Under the Bur
den of Daily Toil
Lieutenant George O. Warren , of
No. 3 Chemical , Washington , D. C. ,
says : "It's an honest fact that Doan's
Kidney Pills did
me a great lot ot
good , and if it
were not true I
would not rec
ommend them.
It was the
strain of lifting
that brought on
kidney trouble
and weakened my
back , but since
nsincr Donn's Tvifl-
ey < Pills I have lifted six hundred
ounds and , felt no bad effects. I have
ot felt the trouble come back since ,
Ithough I had suffered for five or six
ears , and other remedies had not help-
d me at all. "
For sale by all dealers. Price 50
ents. Foster-Milburn Company , Buf-
alo , N. Y.
Preserving the
Broncho Bill I was talkin' with an
iustern : man to-day , and he says when
vo fellers in his section have a dispute
icy just so to law and sue each other
r damages or somethin * .
Hair-Trigger Ike But how about the
ser ? Don't he get a gun an * try to gii
-en ?
Broncho Bill Waal , as near as I kin
lake ' out , by the time the loser hez paid
ic lawyers , he ain't got no money to
jy guns.
To New York City
Yia Michigan Central , "The Niagara
alls Route. " A visit to Greater Ne\v
ork and its magnificent harbor is an
lucation. Chicago City Ticket Office ,
19 Adams Street : Central Station. 12th
Lreet and Park Row. W. L. Wyand ,
. W. Pass Agt , Pioneer Press Build
g. ; St. Paul.
Rural liiars.
Old Inhabitant ( loafing at Cross Roads
oeery ) Talkin' about crop failures , I
member a time when people had to
it up all the farm stock and then live
the fodder wot they had saved fer
ie cattle.
Older Inhabitant Huh ! That's noth-
Why , I re-collect the time vrhen
ovisions got so scarce that the starv-
farmers hed to go out an' shoot an
natoor sportsman fer dinner , an * then
tok him with the wood from the "No
respasa" signs. (