Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930, August 04, 1904, Image 3
EUSSIA MUST KNEEL. 6RITAIN DEMANDS APOLOGY FOR SINKING SHIP. TVnrlllce Order Goes to Envoy from Kliitf Kiltviml Kiiglnna Will Use * "orco to Get Kctlrcau if Necessary C * r Hccelvcs Ultimatum. must make ample amends Uu > sinking of the steamer Knight Column mler and for the seizures of ships In the Red Sea follow ing thu recent agreement .that such fcClRures would be averted by the canr's government Such is the decis ion arrived at by the British govern ment Preliminary to obtaining sat isfaction the government sent Instruc tions to Sir Charles Hardinge , British ambassador to Russia , to protest ener getically against the sinking of the Knight Commander by the Russian "Vladivostok squadron. The British note does not mention the amount of Indemnity Russia must pay the owners of the ship and Brit ish subjects having goods on board the vessel ; but all that is sought is the establishment of the principle of indemnity and an apology. A salute of the British flag must also be conceded - ceded and the future protection of neu tral shipping assured. The attitude of the British govern ment is the result of thorough consid eration given to tiie reports from Sir Claude MacDonald , British minister at Tokio , and the examination of in ternational law authorities by legal experts. The dispatches from Sir Claude con firm the reports that the Knight Com mander had no contraband of war on board for Japan. The government and PREMIER EALrOUR. ill the British authorities , It is asserted - ed , unite on the point that there was no justification for the sinking of the vessel. It is felt in government cir cles that the Knight GDmmander in cident overshadows the Red Sea seiz ures , which practically have been adJusted - Justed , but which have failed to settle - -tle the question of the rights of neu tral commerce. That the British government re gards the sinking of the Knight Com mander as a breach of international law was confirmed by Premier Bal- lour in the House of Commons. Answering - -swering questions as to the destruc tion of the steamer and the seizure of the Malacca and other vessels , the premier said he hoped to be in a po sition to make a brief statement re garding the Malacca soon. As to the sinking of the Knight Commander , he tsaid he "regretted that information which reached me confirmed this re grettable occurrence. " Mr. Balfour .added : "There is no question of loss -of life , but I am afraid there is a question of a breach of international law. " The tension in the Russo-British re lations was said in London to have re laxed Thursday and a rupture is not probable. Count Benckendorff , the Hussian ambassador to Great Britain , informed Lord Lausdowne that if Rus sia had committed a wrong she was ready and willing to make full repara tion , but before any action could be taken in the Knight Commander case the Russian government must hare the opportunity of receiving the report of the commander of the Vladivostok squadron. Lord Lansdosvne was not -disposed to press the matter unduly and promised to wait a reasonable i time. In the House of Commons Premier Balfour said that the acute stage of the Red Sea Incidents had passed , and that the Russian volunteer fleet vessels would be withdrawn. He laid down the British view that no belligerent -war ships could issue from the Black Sea and that the volunteer fleet ves sels in issuing therefrom , if they took belligerent action , either had no right to Issue or no right to take sncb action. This Is the time Mrs. Maybrick'g free dom is not a gold brick. IN PERIL FROM HER OWN MINES. -Chicago Daily News. According to census figures there are in the United States 0,180,000 persons 10 years old or more who cannot reader or white. Of this number 3,200,000 are whites and 2,980,000 negroes. The ma jority of the white illiterates are foreign born , but New York State alone has 47- 000 natives who cannot read or write. No branch of agriculture made the gains in the last decade that fruit grow ing did. There were over 3,700,000 acres in orchard fruits reported' by the last census and at present there must be over 4,000,000 acres devoted to that purpose. In value the fruit crop now ranks eighth. In the year before the census the value of the corn crop was $ S2S,2oS,32G ; hay , § 484,230,840 ; cotton , including cotton seed oil , 9370,708,740 ; wheat , ? 3G9,945- 320 ; oats , $217,098,584 ; potatoes , S11S- 203,814 ; vegetables , $113,871,842 ; fruit , 892,301,703. The apple is the most wide ly distributed fruit grown m the country and is found in every Stater north and south. A special report of the census bureau shows that 1,730,178 children in the United States are compelled to work for their living. They form more than G per cent of the total number of workers , and the boys outnumber the girls almost three to one , the figures being 1,3G4,411 boys and 483.7G7 girls. That the Amer ican nation is not made up entirely of workers is shown by the total , 29,073- 233 , which is only one-half of the popu- 1-uion of 10 years of age and over and .ibout two-fifths of the entire population. Still , the proportion of workers has in creased almost 3 per cent over the former statistics. The last place to which a man would l > e likely to go in s > e.irch of a history of the growth of the electrical fire-alarm system in the United States would be to the reports of the Bureau of the Cen- su * . Yet there is where he would find an interesting and comprehensive discus sion of the subject. The census reports are not mere tables of figures. They are a history of the progress of industry and invention in the United States. Take this bulletin on the fire-alarm system , for instance. One is told how , beginning as early as 1839 , inventors tried to apply the principles of the electric telegraph to the transmission of fire-alarm signals , BROUGHT TO BY A RUSSIAN VOLUNTEER CRUISER. but that it was not till 1850 that a suc cessful system was found. The method at first used was crude , and from that time to this improvement after improve ment has been adopted , until now it is practically impossible for confusion to arise in interpreting the signals sent in from the alarm boxes in any part of the town , and until even the most excited and inexperienced person cnn give the alarm successfully. AH he has to do is to pull a lever and an automatic machine does the rest Although one might not think it the Census Bureau bulletins T\ake interesting reading for snmmer af- .vrnoons. In spite of the constantly increasing immigration , the proportion of foreign born in the working population has not increased. The extent to which the world of business is drawing people fem the country is given emphasis. Manu facturing , trade and transportation and the professions show constantly increas ing numbers of workers of both sexes , while the agricultural class represents a diminishing proportion , although 40 per cent of the workingmen ia to be found on the farms. SLAIN BY AN ASSASSIN. Bomb Ends Life of Russian Minister of the Interior. M. von Plehve , Russian Minister of the Interior , was assassinated at 10 o'clock Thursday morning while driv ing to the Warsaw station to visit the Emperor at the Peterhof palace. A bomb was thrown under the Minister's carriage , completely shattering it. M. von Plehve was terribly mangled. The assassin was arrested The coachman was killed and the wounded and maddened horses dashed wildly away , only the front wheels of the carriage remaining intact. Imme diately there ensued a scene of the wildest confusion. Police and gen- vo.v PLinrvE , "THE TEKRIBIJC. " dannos hurried up from evy direc tion and vast crowds gathered about the spot where the mangled body of the Minister lay in his blood. For 100 yards the roadway was strewn wtth the wreckage of the carriage and pieces of the red lining of the Minis ter's official overcoat A few yards from M. von Plehve's body lay the body of the coachman Guarded by police the body remained In the street until the arrival of the official corresponding to an American coroner , even in the case of the most powerful Minister of the empire the law requiring that this formality had to be observed before the body could be removed. After this official had viewed the body it was placefl in a carriage , covered by a robe and was driven slowly to a little chapel adjoin ing the railroad station and then to Plehve's magnificent town residence , adjoining the Ministry of the Interior. The prefect of police notified the Em peror of the tragedy immediately upon its occurrence. The Emperor , who was at the villa Alexandria , at Peterhof , was greatly affected by the news , com ing , as rt did , after the bad tidings from the seat of war , with fears of in ternational complications and ' the strain incident upon the hourly expec tation of an event so close to the fath er's heart Recent assassinations and attempts at assassination of officials in Russia Include the following : M. Bogolepoff , Minister of Educa tion , Feb. 27 , 1901. M. Sipiagulne , Minister of the Inte rior , April 13 , 1902. Prince Obolenskl , Governor of Kharkoff ( wounded ) , Aug. 11 , 1902. General Bobrlkoff , Governor of Fin land , June 17 , 1904. Vlatsheshaff Constantinovitch von Plehve. Minister of the Interior , July 28 , 1904. The Texas Railroad Commission is in receipt of an application from the Galveston - veston commercial bodies requesting that the commission call a hearing to consider the matter of canceling the present rates on cotton and adopting a tariff on a strictly mileage basis. Plans htrve been formulated for the Incorporation of the Atlanta and Pensa- cola Railroad , which will build from Andalusia , Ala. , to Pensacola , and form a direct line from Atlanta to the latter point , using connection with the Central Railroad of Georgia. STATUS OP STfilKE. PACKERS TAKE AGGRESSIVE AT THE CHICAGO YARDS. Plan to Speedily Man Plants Hundred Live Stock Handlers Thrcnv Aside Their Allegiance to Allied Trades and Return to AVork. The Chicago packers at noon Thurs day seemed to have won an important victory in the big stock yards strike , the 'first emphatic gain that has been made by either side since the general walkout was declared in effect Eight hundred live stock handlers threw aside their allegiance to allied trades and at the noon hour began to handle cattle indiscriminately , both for the packers in the combine and for the in dependent companies. Most of these 800 men went to work yesterday morn ing to handle the goods of the "inde pendents , " and they had worked on this basis until 12 o'clock Thursday. This action on the part of the han dlers is regarded as a most serious loss to the cause of the strikers , and in some quarters 'it is believed to be a forerunner of a stampede and a deser tion of the unions. Following close on an announcement that the packers did not care to make further agreements with the union men who quit work , operation of the plants was continued with larger forces than before , the employers formally an nounced a system of delivery which would do away with the drivers who haul meat from the yards. Hereafter the packers will do no teaming , but will force the butchers to come with their own wagons to take away their purchases. Though the big stock yards strike Is now well under way and the time is about at band when the police expect serious rioting to develop , turbulent scenes failed to develop up to Thurs day night and the outbreaks of strik ers and sympathizers were chiefly con fined to hanging effigies in front of the homes of persons in disfavor. The packers kept their plants run ning persistently , and Thursday after noon reported that a satisfactory day's work had been accomplished. The re ceipts of stock were large enough to keep the nonunion batchers and han dlers busy , 9,000 cattle , 13,000 hogs and 12,000 sheep being received. While the union leaders proceeded1 to perfect what they regard as adequate arrangements to keep the strikers in line , rumors were continuous through out the day that the ranks of the mal contents were breaking. Emphatic de nials were made by President Donnelly and his confreres , but close observers of the situation declared that the nien seemed to be losing heart , as was evi denced , tiiey said , by the fact that picketing was loss pronounced. POISON AS A WEAPON. Hundred Nonunion Men in East St , Louis Made 111. At East St. Louis , 111. , one hundred men employed at the Armour plant in plnce of the striking butchers and meat cutters , were made violently ill , an un identified person , having drugged the soup served for supper. Shortly after the meal had been eaten first one anil then another of the men complained of feeling ill. Soon the list oC sick became so hirse that tho&e iu charge of the plant became frightened and Dr. J. L. Wiggins was notified. He hurried to the plant aud discovered what was the matter wiKh the men. Representatives of the packers say that several hundred of the men who went on strike have been taken back , but it is not stated in what department they nork. It was said further that the pack ers are getting skilled butcher help , which at first they had trouble iu securing. This , however , ia denied by the strikers , woh assert that the puckers are not get ting any union men back. At Kansas City many additional strik ers , practically all o them unskilled la borers , applied for their old places at the plants of S\vift & Co. , Armour & Co. and the Fowler Packing Company , and were re-employed. With the receipts at the yards the heaviest for more than a month the packers asserted that the sit uation from their standpoint was greatly improved. Local strike leaders , however , appear satisfied with the situation and say that the men who returned to work were some of the newest members of the union , whose action would not affect the older men. Interesting News Items. William Zeler killed his fatlier-in-kiw , William Snrkaznp , with a crowbar and then stabbed his wife to death with a butcher knife in Omaha , Xeb. The kill ing followed a quarrel between Zelcr and his wife. The Methodist Ministers' Association of Denver appointed a committee to in vestigate the labor troubles in Colorado and fix the responsibility foe the chaotic conditions in the Cripple Creek district and elsewhere. Boscoe Corrie , 23 pears oM , was drowned while swimming in Cow creek , four miles north of Hutchinson , Kan. He tried to cross the swift current but was seized with a cramp and went down ip twelve feet of water. As a result of a raid by deputy sher iffs on a gambling house in Memphis , Tenn. , Deputy Houston Mitchell is dead and Deputy Thomas J. McDennott is mortally wounded. Frequent raids have been made in crap games i ecently. Col. Sylvester B. Burch of Olathe , Kan chief clerk of the Department of Agriculture , has been appointed by Sec retary Wilson as the representative of the department on the government board of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition to succeed the late J. H. Bingham. Becoming conscience stricken at a re ligious meeting in Chicago , a man giving his name as Charles F. Floethe has , ac cording to the police , confessed to having robbed his employers in Jersey City , St. Louis , Cincinnati and Chicago of various sums. His confession is being Investi gated. TOLD HE IS NOMINATED. Notification Committee Breaks iht News to Roosevelt. President Roosevelt was notified for mally Wednesday , of his nomination for the presidency by the Republican national convention. The cerernonj took place at his country home at Sag araore Hill , three miles from Oystei Bay , L. I. , and in accordance with the wish of the President it was as simple a * possible. On behalf of a committee represent ing every State and Territory of the United States , the formal notification of the action of the convention was made by Joseph G. Cannon , Speaker ol the House of Representatives. On theii arrival at Sagamore Hill the cornmit- teemen were received by President Roosevelt Mrs. Roosevelt and National Chairman George B. Cortelyou. At the conclusion of the informal re ception the ceremony of notification be gan. While the members of the fam ily , the house guests and some of the distinguished visitors were assembled on the veranda , a majority of those in attendance gathered on the lawn facing the veranda. When Speaker Cannon rose to deliv er his speech of notification he was greeted Avith applause. At the close of Mr. Cannon's address the President ad vanced to the veranda railing , and , standing under a great festoon of American flags , delivered his address in response to the notification. Following are sentences from Presi dent Roosevelt's speech of acceptance : When I became President because of the death of my lamented predecessor , I stated that it was my purpose -to carry out his principles and policies. To the best of my ability I have kept that prom ise. We are more fortunate than our oppo nents , who now appeal for confidence on the ground that , if triumphant , they may be trusted to prove false to ever } ' prin ciple which in the last eight years they have laid down as vital. There is nothing experimental about the government we ask the people to continue in power. In dealing with the trusts , we do not have to explain why the laws were not enforced , but to point out that they ac tually have been enforced. Assuredly it is unwise to change pol icies which have worked so well and which are now working so well. We have placed the finances of the nation on a sound gold basis. So long as the Republican party is in power the gold standard is settled. That whenever the need arises there should be a readjustment of the tariff jchedules is undoubted , but such changes : an be made with safety only by those ivhose devotion to the principle of the protective tariff is beyond question. We believe in reciprocity with foreign nations on the terms outlined in Presi dent McKinley's last speech , which urged the extension of our foreign markets by reciprocal agreements whenever they x uld be made without injury to Ameri can industry and labor. We have already shown that our pol icy is to do fair and equal justice to all oiea. oiea.The The construction of the isthmian canal : .s now an assured fact , but most certain ly it is unwise to entrust the carrying out of so momentous a policy to th < * > e who have endeavored to defeat the whole undertaking. HIGH PRICES FOR MEAT. In Chlcaco Ifbrtcrhouse Steaks Are Now Only for rhc Rich. Retail prices -lor meats are ; it high- xvater' ' mark in Chicago. The supply is yet diininiahing , but the stability of the prices is not dependent upon that , but upon the fact that the meat dealers have a better idea of what they can get or cannot get. The independent plants ap pear to be meeting the situation well and are succeeding iu supplying their own customers liberally and the trust's cus tomers to some extent. Stocks are run ning short in many retail shops and es pecially those who have depended upon depots inside the yards , which they can not now reach. The ones who secure supplies from the outlying stations get their meat with less trouble. The wor of the famine in lamb and mutton appears to be over and increases in the shipments of "small stuff" encourage meat dealers to believe that pork and mutton will be more 'eu- tiful. On the other hand experts det.are the worst of the beef famine is yet to come' . There were larger stores of beef on hand when the strike started , but the amount shipped in has been extremely small. Live stock receipts at the Chicago yards Tuesday were : Cattle , 2,000 ; hogs , 2,000 ; sheep , 8,000. Compared with the corresponding day a year ago there waa a decrease of 3,600 cattle , 10,300 hogs and 10,000 sheep. * ot Minor Note. Two men were killed by lightning while playing baseball. Joseph Barrett was the victim at Cumberland , Md. , while Charles Jeffries met death at Mc- Keesport , Pa. William Henry Rattigan , member ol Parliament for Northeast Lanarkshire , England , was killed in a motor accident near Biggleswade , Bedfordshire. A tire burst and the car overturned. The Filipino commissioners to the St Louis fair have decided to make a study oi the American tariff laws and indus trial conditions a feature of the remain der of their trip through this country. Pour hundred and one wells were drill ed in the Kansas and Indian Territory oil fields during the mouth of June. Of the number thirty-seveu were gas wells and fifty-six dry holes ; 308 were produc ing wells. The corporation treaty between th United States and Russia , negotiated by Ambassador McCormick , was formally promulgated Tuesday. Previous to the promulgation of the treaty American concerns conld be sued in Russia , bat could not bring suit in that country. A tornado destroyed seven farm housea mid barns and outbuildings near Bur- well , Neb , The buildings on Mr. Brit- tain's farm were reduced to splinter * . Losers wece : Farmers Lyons , Brumag * , Campbell , Button and others. No lives were lost Some damage was done ia other sections of tfre State THE WEEKLY One Hundred Years Ago. A reinforcement of l.00 British troops arrived at Barbados and began operations against Martinique. The American squadron blockaded the port and began the siege of Tripoli which lasted until the following spring. The English Baltic fleet attacked the French squadron at Havre , doing con siderable damage. All the powers of Europe , except Russia , Great Britain and Sweden , had acknowledged Napoleon as Emperor of France. Seventy-five Years Ago. A Spanish expedition from Havana appeared at Tampico , Mexico , and ef fected a landing without molestation on the part of the Mexican troops. All departments of the governriient at Washington were particularly busy , clerks and chiefs working over hours. The United States by purchase from the Indians obtained the title to G.GCO- 000 acres of land in the Northwest. The terms of the Brazilian govern ment loan were agreed on in England. Fifty Years Ago. Queen Christina's palace In Madrid was sacked by the people and her maj esty fled. Money and food were sent to the relief of the people of San Juan by the people of Kingston , Jamaica. An attempted insurrection occurred In Parma , Italy. Many people shot by the Austrian troops. The Federal diet met at Frankfort , Germany , and decided to join the alli ance of Austria and Prussia. Forty Years Ago. News that Gen. Forrest had been de feated and wounded by Gen. Smith at Tupelo , Miss. , confirmed. Confederate loss was 2,500. Detailed reports of Gen. Sherman's operations before Atlanta showed tre mendous Confederate losses and al most continuous fighting. Much apprehension was caused In the North by a Confederate raid in the Shenandoah valley. ' News was received at Louisville that Major General McPherson had been killed in operations before Atlanta , Ga. Guerrillas 'operating along the Han nibal and St. Joseph Railway in Mis souri deslro3od much property and robbed citizens. Correspondence between Horace Greeley and representatives of the Confederacy looking toward peace ne gotiations made public at Niagara Falls. Thirty Years Ago. Leading citizens of Chicago , roused to action by big fire in downtown dis trict , formed citizens' associations to secure more perfect administration of municipal affairs. Ground was broken at Grand Haven , Mich. , with elaborate ceremonies , for the new Michigan and Ohio Road , which was to be 400 miles long and cost $30,000,000. Report readied Madrid of the mur der at Cueuca of twenty-four republi cans by Carlist revolutionists. A land slip in the province of Na varre , Spain , destroyed the village of Alarra and several hundred inhabit ants. Appointments of Baron de Chatand as French minister of interior and M. Mathieu Bodet minister of finance left the Bonapartists without a member iu the cabinet. Charges of Theodore Tilton against the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher involv ing Mrs. Tilton were mads public la- New York. Twenty Years Ago. A statue of Robert Burns , the poet , was unveiled before an immense crowd on the Thames -embankment , London. Sixty-five deaths from cholera occur red in Marseilles and Toulon , France. Raid of house of "Mother" Mandel- baum in New York disclosed thousands of dollars' worth of stolen silks and jewels. Several thousand workmen ta New York City went on a strike to enforce- demands for nine-hour day. Een Years Ago. Phillips , WIs. , and several smaller towns were wiped out by forest fires , causing a property loss of § 3,000,000 and many deaths. Shanghai dispatches announced the declaration of war between China and Japan- Rumors were in circulation In Eu rope and Asia that China had declared war upon Japan over the possession o Korea.