Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1900-1930 | View Entire Issue (July 28, 1904)
STRIKE IS ON AGAIN.
WORKERS IN THE STOCK YARDS
CALLED OUT ANEW.
President Donnelly Charges Packers
with Bad Faith and Telegraphs to
All Bis : Centers Ordering Renewal of
Walkout-Seek Sympathetic Strike.
The Stock Ynrds strike was declared
on again in Chicago Friday morning ,
less than 38 hours after a peace agree
ment had been signed. On the charge
that the packers were discriminating
against certain persons in the reemployment
ployment process the union officials or
dered their men to quit work , and the
situation at the yards was soon as bad
Confusion , excitement and charges of
bad faith attended the new walk-out
he union charged discrimination on
te part of the packers in taking back
the strikers. The employers asserted
that only delay , to be expected in ef
forts to resume normal operations , was
at fault. It was evident , however , that
the contending forces were farther
apart than at any time during the or
iginal strike. The strike was renewed
in other packing centers also.
Strike leaders declared that unless
the employers changed their attitude
at once , all the allied trades workmen
would walk out and that a complete
stoppage of work at the packing plants
When the men reported for work in
a body early in the morning they were
met by the announcement that it
would be impossible at present to take
back more than half the force. The
workers met this announcement sul
lenly , notwithstanding the clause in
the agreement which gave the packers
45 days in which to supply work for all
the strikers. The strikers said : "You
must take us all back or none of us
will go to work. "
Many of them did go to work , how
ever , but a little later the leaders ap-
\rPenred , and on discovering that some
of the men who were turned away had
been prominent figures in the strike
they declared that the packers were
employing a "revengeful
tion , " and the strike was declared to
be on once more.
President Donnelly , after conferring
with other leaders , gave the order for
the strike and then sent this telegram
to union officials in other packing cen
ters of the country : "Packers already
have violated agreement by discrimi
nation. Order men out. "
When the word that another strike
was ordered reached the workmen who
had gone to the different departments
to begin their labor , they finished the
.work immediately in hand and then
marched in bodies out of the yards ,
taking their tools with them.
WHY THE FARMER SMILES.
Abundant Yield of Crops This Year-
Corn May Be a Hecord Breaker.
Reports from different sections of the
country indicate that the yield of corn
and wheat for this year will be a large
one , particularly the corn crop , -which
will probably be a record breaker. The
highest previous record for corn was in
1902 , when the yield was 2,523,048,000
bushels. This year's yield is estimated at
nearly 14,000,000 bushels more. This es
timate is based upon conditions ns they
were July 1 , but as there have been
ieavy rains and floods since then in the
South west-which have damaged to some
extent the winter wheat in Kansas ,
which was ready for the harvest , the
total crop may fall short of the figures
given above. How much damage has
Taeen done in the section named cannot be
ascertained until the nest government re
port will be issued Aug. 10 , but a yield
-nt least equal to the record is expected.
Spring and winter wheat also shows
cp well , but the crop falls short of being
a record breaker. The total yield indi-
< stes a dropping off of 50,000,000 bushels
from 1903. Other crops , such as oats ,
"barlev and rye , also show up most en
couragingly. While Uncle Sain's harvest
promises so well reports from other agri-
ultural lands indicate that no very satis-
actory progress is being made by the
crops. Teh fact that the home produce
is bountiful is received with joy on all
Notes of Current Erenta.
The 2-year-old child of G. W. Sturgeon
-vras drowned near Ames , O. T. , by fallIng -
Ing into a trough of water while at play.
Tony and Jacob Martin , farmers living
ten miles east of Flannagan , shot and
.killed Perry Myers of Gas City , Ind. ,
while the latter was robbing their farm
A German war fleet , consisting of eight
battleships and seven cruisers , reached
Plymouth , England , on a visit of cour
tesy. Thousands of people gave them a
So far as is known at this writing
the expected great battle between the
Russians and the Japanese in Mongolia
has not been fought , and the respective
forces occupy much the same positions
they did seven days ago , says the Chicago
cage Tribune. At that time it was
known that the Russians had evacu
ated Kaichou and had fallen back on
Tatchekiao. According to General
Oku , Kaichou was occupied after three
days of severe fighting. The Russian
reports do not treat the matter so seri
ously , and indicate that there was little
more than a rear guard resistance to
the advance of the Japanese.
The Russians have abandoned Yin-
kow , the port of Newchwang , a posi
tion which they could not safely hold
after their retrograde movement The
Japanese do not appear to have taken
possession , A Liaoyang dispatch re
ports that a Japanese column advajjc-
ing along the coast in the direction of
Yinkow was roughly handled by Gen
eral Samsonoff and his Cossacks and
had to retreat. It is likely that the
Japanese were merely making a recon-
noissance , because the indications are
that General Oku has withdrawn his
forces west of the railroad and has
massed them near Kaichou. If the Rus
sians are defeated , or if they retreat ,
Yinkow and Newchwang will fall into
the hands of the Japanese without any
fighting , and they will then have com
plete control of the coast of Manchuria
and a new base of supplies.
According to Russian reports , which
are probably correct. General Oku is
slowly moving northward from Kai
chou in the direction of Tatchekiao ,
where General Kuoropatkin has his
headquarters. General Kuroki's main
force is on the east bank of the Liank
River , about twenty-eight miles from
Liaoyang , while the Russians under
General Keller are on the other bank ,
strongly fortified and prepared to re
sist an advance. The only fighting re
ported in which Kuroki's men took
part was a skirmish near Siamatse , in
which General Rennenkampf was
The Takushan army , of which Gen
eral Nodzu was in command originally ,
is said to have come in touch with tl\at
of General Oku at Tangchi , ten miles
southeast of Tatchekiao , and also pre
sumably is in touch with General Ku
roki's northern army , The Japanese
appear to be in position , in readiness to
attack the weakest point in the Rus
sian line , provided the weather will
miral Togo reports that on the night
of the llth his torpedo boats attacked
the Russian guardship Diana at the
mouth of the harbor. Whether it was
injured he does not know.
It is more than likely that there has
been much savage fighting around Port
Arthur and much loss of life In the
engagements of last week and week
before last Field Marshal Oyama , a
furious fighter , has taken personal
charge of the operations at Port Ar
thur , and the siege doubtless will be
pressed with increased vigor. '
There is a well-defined feeling In
SIEGE METHOD WHICH JAPS MAY USE AT PORT ARTHUR.
The picture shows a method of attacking a fort if high angle fire fails to reduce it The irregular
trenches leading to the parallels are dug so that they cannot be swept by the enemy's fire. The men dig the
trenches under the protection of their own artillery. The parallels are for the protection of the storming parties
as they approach nearer and nearer the walls.
permit The rains seem to have ceas
ed and the roads to hare become pass
able. If they should suddenly become
a sea of mud , as Virginia roads some
times did during the Civil War , mili
tary movements would become almost
There is nothing definite as to the
occurrences at Port Arthur. The Jap
anese are known to have completed a
chain of forts at distances of from six
to eight miles from the fortifications.
Whether , and if so where , they have
drawn any nearer is uncertain. The
wild story that the Japanese lost 30-
000 men in attacks made by them on
the fortifications on July 10 or I"1 , rs
contradicted from Tokio. Other reports
placing the loss at 22,000 c * > 25,000 are
doubtless equally fabulous. The report
that on the 4th and 5th of the month
the Japanese were driven from the
heights commanding Lusantan pass
with a loss of 2,000 has not been offi
cially denied. The statement to the
effect that the Japanese on the llth
inst stormed Chungta , the key to the
defensive works at Port Arthur , has
not been confirmed. The Japanese say
there was no fighting on that day.
Little more is known about nnval
than about military operations , Ad-
PZZ&tf IS OKff'F JZSMY
MAP OF THE THEATER OF WAR.
London that the seizure of the British
and German steamers by the Russian
volunteer cruisers Smolensk and Pe
tersburg marks the first European
complication resultant upon the Russo-
J.apanese war. How extensive this
complication will prove to be time
and future events alone can deter
mine , but at present the feeling of
uneasiness has become a fear that
the end of the matter will not be
reached before England and perhaps
Germany are forced to take stringent
measures to bring Russia to terms in
2OOO RUSSIANS FALL.
Keller's Army of 20,000 Routed in Bat
tle at Motien Pass.
Details of the battle at Motien pass
Sunday from the Russiau side are given
in a report of Gen. Kuropatkin , in which
the general admits the loss of 1,000 killed
and wounded. The Russians were re
pulsed on all sides after desperate fight
ing , lasting from early morning till 3
o'clock in the afternoon. The battle
leaves the general situation unchanged ,
but shows that a powerful Japanese
army is massed and is constantly threat
ening Liaoyang , apparently only await
ing Gen. Kuroki's signal to advance.
Patronize those who advertise-
RUSSIA'S BLACK SEA FLEET.
PoTverful Squadron Impounded There
Is Useless in Present War.
In addition to warships , the .Black sea
fleet includes the vessels of the Russian
Steam Navigation Company , which may
be called upon for government service ,
and the so-called "volunteer fleet. "
The original treaty concluded between
Turkey and the other European powers
in 1841 provided that no warships except
ing those belonging to Turkey should
pass the Dardanelles. These treaty pro
visions were confirmed in 1871 and again
in 1878. In 1891 , however , the Russian
authorities effected an agreement with
Turkey whereby vessels of the "volunteer
fleet" obtained the right of passage
through the Dardanelles. This last agree
ment plainly discriminates between the
warships of the Black sea squadron and
the "voluuteer fleet" vessels , and as the
ships thus far sent through the Darda
nelles belong to the latter class it does
not appear that the letter of the treaty
stipulations has been disregarded.
BRITISH CABINET WILL ACT.
Takes Up Russian Seizure of Shipa ii
the Black Sea .
In the British official circles the recen'
seizures and overhauling of British ship
in the Red sea by the Russian volunter
fleet steamers Smolensk and St. Peters
burg are regarded as very grave interna
tional incidents. The seizure of the Pe
ninsular and Oriental steamer Malacca
by die Petersburg nnd- her arrival in
the Sues canal as a prize of war ou her
way to Libau , on the Baltic , has come
as a climax.
British law officers acknowledge the
right of the Russians to seize and detain
mails , provided that only official com
munications are taken , but they take the
most serious viaw of the status of the
two Russian ships patrolling the Red sea
and if any official action or protest ensues
it will be chiefly in regard to fie passage
of these erstwhile merchant ships
through the Dardanelles aud their subse
quent transformation into. 4uns ofwar. .
THE RICH ROSEBUD LAND.
Comparatively Good Order Has Pre
vailed in Us Recent Settlement.
Bonesteel , S. D. , Correspondence : The
laud for which white men have sighed
and died for half a century and in de
fense of which the fierce Sioux have giv
en up thousands of lives since they first
took possession of it centuries ago , has
been opened by government action and
settlers are streaming in. There are
2,400 homesteads on the Rosebud reserve
and for these 75,000 application have
b en made. Th'e cost is nominal and
siuco the land lies in the most fertile
part of South Dakota , just west of the
Missouri River , it is not surprising that
there should be a great demand for it. It
is probably the finest body of land which
the government ever took from the In
dians to give to the white men.
Two years ago Boiiesteel consisted of
one house ; three months ago the town
A BATCHER'S HOME.
had 500 inhabitants ; to-day it is a city
of tents and rough wooden boarding
houses and has about 5,000 citizens , a
vast majority of whom are transients
and will leave as soon as the drawing
is completed. It is the very newest of
the boom towns of the West , nml , be
sides containing all the ordinary "freaks"
of its class of towns , boasts a number
which are strictly new and original.
But there will soon be another town in
FOLK IS THE NOMINEE.
Unanimously Named for Governor of
3Ii BOuri by Democrats.
After an all-night session , marked by
intervals of disorder and commotion that
could not be quelled by the gavel , the
Missouri Democratic State convention
unanimously nominated Joseph W. Folk ,
Circuit Attorney of St. Louis , for Gov
ernor and adopted a platform which
promises a vigorous , unrelenting crusade
against corruption and boodle in Missouri
iu the event of Democratic supremacy
at the polls. Just as the day was break
ing Thursday the convention adjourned
until 10 o'clock and one of the most tur
bulent sessions of a Missouri Democratic
Joseph Wingate Folk was born in
Brownsville , Tenn. , Oct. 28 , 1S09. His
father is Judge Henry B. Folk oC
Brownsville and his mother is a descend
ant of the Estes family of Virginia. Mr.
Folk is a graduate of Vnaderbilt Uni
versity of Nashville , Tenn. , where he
finished his literary and legal education.
He practiced law in Brownsville for two
years and then went to St. Louis in 1S92.
Mr. Folk became generally known to the
citizens of St. Louis through the promi
nent part he took in the settlement of
the great street car strike of 3900. As
Circuit Attorney of St. Louis Mr. Folk
successfully prosecuted a number of bribe
takers in both branches of the municipal
MRS. MAYBRICK IS FREE.
American " \Voman Who Served
teen Years in English Prison.
Mrs. Florence Maybrick was freed
Wednesday after serving fifteen years in
an English prison for the murder of her
husband. Mrs. Maybrick is on a ticket-
ol'-leave under the terms of which , if
rigidly enforced , she would be obliged
to remain in England and report herself
at periodical intervals to the authorities.
However , in view of her promise to go
to America and stay there , a cablegram ,
says , the government has withdrawn the
usual conditions and she will be free to
go her way and choose her own paths
so soon as she arrives iu New York , for
which port she will sail after a short
stay in France , where she is at present.
WAITING FOR THE DRAWING.
the field which , according to its spon
sors , is destined to become the center of
industry of the Rosebud country. This
town is named St. Elmo , and just now
contains nothing but the tepees of the
Eagle Pipe family. But just as soon as
the reserve is opened for actual settlers
St. Elmo will spring up like a mushroom.
Already various industries have been
planned , and a telephone system , local
nnd long distance , has been ordered ; port
able houses are at Bonesteel all ready to
he moved to the new town at a moment's
notice , and a number of houses in this
town will be placed on wheels and rolled'
over the prairie to St. Elmo when the
time conies. An electric light plant is
planned , the power to be obtained from
a dam over the Willow Creek , which
flows tlfrough the site of the town. Alto
gether , it is expected that within two
weeks after the town is opened it will
have at least 2,000 population.
CROPS FAVORED BY WEATHER.
Reports of Damage to Principal Ce
reals Show a Decrease.
Following is the summary of the
weather bureau weekly crop report :
East of the Rocky Mountains the tem
perature during the week was highly
favorable , but in the Pacific coast States
and over the western portions of the mid
dle and northern plateau districts it was
unseasonably cool , with frosts on the 13th
in Washingou and Oregon. Too much
rain hindered farm work in the central
gulf 'districts , and in parts of the Ohio
valley and middle Atlantic States , wlr1-
need of rain is beginning to be felt in
northern New England , portions of the
Caroliuas , over the greater part of Texas
and in southern Colorado. Drought has
been relieved in the north Pacific coast
districts , but continues with increased
severity in the southern plateau region.
Corn had exceptionally favorable
weather and made rapid growth. In the
Missouri valley and parts of the upper
Ohio valley and middle Atlantic States
corn has , however , suffered somewhat
from lack of cultivation , and in Texas
the late plant is being injured by drought.
Better weather for harvesting wheat
prevailed than last week , and this work
made generally satisfactory progress , al
though still delayed by moisture in parts
of Kansas and the Ohio valley. Harvest
ing is practically completed in Missouri
and Nebraska , and is well advanced in
the Ohio valley and the northern part of
the middle Atlantic States. As a whole
both early aud late spring wheat have
advanced satisfactorily , the least favor
able reports being received from northern
Minnesota , where the crop on lowlands is
thin and late. Some reports of injury by
rust are received from Nebraska , and in
parts of South Dakota the outlook is
somewhat less favorable than previously
Reports of injury to oats by rust con
tinue from the lower Missouri valley , but
elsewhere this crop has advanced favor
Gov. Ferguson of Oklahoma has got
ten into a war with the newspaper cor
respondents at Guthrie and is making an
effort to give the news of territorial mat
ters to a favored few. The trouble grew
out of some indiscreet' writing of the
N. J. Newman , a wealthy resident of
Pottawatomie County , O. T. , received
information of the accidental self-shoot
ing of his 17-year-old son , Homer , on a
ranch in Wyoming , where the boy was
spending the summer. Death resulted
from the -wound.
Mrs. Maybrick , who was Miss Flor
ence Elizabeth Chandler , a member of a
wull-known and prosperous family of Mo
bile , Ala. , was married July 27. 1881 , in
St. James' Church , Picadilly , to James
Maybrick of Liverpool. She was then
18 years old. Her husband was over
40 years of age.
In the spring of 1SS9 Mr. Maybrick
became ill and in a few days he died.
His brothers charged Mrs. Maybrick with
the murder of her husband by adminis-
MRS. FLORENCE MAYBRICK.
tering poison. She was first condemned
to death but the sentence was afterward
commuted to imprisonment for life. Ever
since her commitment strenuous efforts
have been made for her release by many
prominent people who have not believed
the woman guilty.
Money in the Slot Machine.
The slot machine in New York and at
Coney Island is coining money for its
owners. One man who controls the slot
machine privileges at many of the Coney
Island resorts makes a profit of more
than $ GOO a week after the cost of con
cessions , attendance and maintenance has
been deducted. He has more than $28-
000 invested in the plant , the machines
costing anywhere from $25 to $300 each.
There are between 300 and 400 styles of
slot machines. The aim of the experi
enced inventor is to provide a machine
of sufficient attraction to charm the cop
per from the pocket without yielding
anything tangible in return. Lung test
ers are the favorites.
Great as is the vogue of the slot ma
chine at Coney Island it is greater in
New , York City. One amusement parlor
occupies a building that commands a
rental of § 19,000 a year. It is estimated
that exclusive of the gambling machines
which still flourish in the west more"
than 500,000 pennies are dropped into
slot machines every day , while on a holi
day 1,000,000 would be nearer the mark.
From Far and Kear.
Fire wiped out a block of manufactur
ing buildings in Fresno , Gal. The lossea
A new international union is to ba
formed by the Carpet Workers' Union ,
in large cities , to be composed of carpet
layers , cutters , measuremen and sewers.
In New York City in one recent week
2,100 persons made applications for
places that only sixteen will filL Tha
salary to be paid to each is $1,500 per
year , and each applicant must undergo a.
civil service examination.
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