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About Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900 | View Entire Issue (March 2, 1899)
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A student of present political condi
tions cannot but reach the conclusion
that it is more than likely that the
Democratic party can secure a major
ity of the electoral votes next year , and ,
also , return a majority to the House
It is true that AVO are having much
industrial activity , but long before the
campaign of 1900 it Avill be apparent
to the common people that the profits
from all this activity have not come to
them , but to those who engineer and
manage the trusts and corporations
which now so largely control all busi
ness enterprises. It is true the present
Republican administration has con
ducted a successful campaign against
the Spaniards , but it has produced
along with the glory a number of in
tricate problems. Whether it can saAre
national honor in their solution is a
matter of speculation nnd conjecture.
Very clearly this nation's strength
cannot be used to Aviden trade at the
sacrifice of any people's desire for in
dependence. These problems are yet
those of the Republican party. If they
"be solved by it , then that party Avill be
entitled to the credit ; if not , then it
must suffer the criticism for failure.
But , in any case , no substantial ad
vantages will accrue to the body of the
Evidently the Democratic party in
1900 will find its greatest strength
along the lines of its traditional policy.
It came into existence through its as
sertion of indiA'idualism , and its logical
mission UOAV is to rescue the people
in President McKinley's course to < Iay
His work has in many respects com
mended itself to the people , but they
have had more than enough of the cif-
fort to gloss over and hide the iniqui
ties of army administration tinder
Alger , Eagan and the beef contractors
and they do not relish the present at
tempt to change the issue from beef
to 5Iiles. Rochester Herald.
Twenty Trusts a Day.
In one day tAventy trusts Avere incor
porated at Trenton , N. J. , ranging in
capitalization from $32,000,000 to
Among these trusts were those in
tended to control whisky , milk , but
ter , cheese , gas and electric light
pOAver and heat
Never before in the history of this
nation were so many trusts given legal
existence in a single day. The situa
tion is indeed alarming AA'heu tAventy
combines , all intent on "reducing the
cost of production" and consequently
resolved to cut doAA-n. the Avages of
labor , enter upon the field of their en
deavors ait the same moment.
That the United States laAV against
trusts is a dead letter needs no argu
ment. Facts speak louder than words ,
and the attitude of Attorney Genera ]
Griggs is a confirmatory commentary
on the facts. This officer , sv.'orn to en
force the laAV , has notified the trust
managers that his office is not "hunt
ing business. "
But the trusts are hurting business ,
and as long as Griggs of XCAV Jersey ,
Griggs , the greatest trust attorney in
the nation ; Griggs , the friend of com-
JU5T A TRIFLE WORRIED.
i- _ J ,
- . , =
I "iVrhaps President McKinley is not afraid of the currency question , and thwi ,
on the other hand , perhaps he is afraid of it. " Chicago Democrat.
from the threatened serfdom to cor
porate control of industrial activities.
Within the last tAvo years corpora
tions aggregating a capital of $4,000-
000.000 have been organized for the
purpose of controlling the manufactur
ing industries of this countryIn com
petition Avith these , individual enter
prise is paralyzed. Avhen not brutally
beaten doAA-u. The employer becomes
the employe , and if not by wise I.IAVS
obA'iated in the near future all the
people Avill be mere "hands" in the em
ploy of these monstrous corporations.
What Avould be the character of citi
zenship under such a social regime ?
The Democratic party must formulate
and advocate measures to check this
demoralization. The Republican party
is powerless to do so. Its organization
is controlled by the managers of these
market forestallers these bloodless
and soulless combinations.
The single gold standard is a weapon
in the hands of those Avho support these
combinations. Wise statesmanship by
the Democrats will lead to the broadest
organization of those AA'ho are opposed
to having the entire credit of this coun
try resting on gold alone. Xo man
should be barred from participating in
this Avar against the single gold stand
ard by any ban-en declaration.
In 1S9G the Republicans Avere still
claiming to be bimetallists. They make
no such professions noAV , but openly
declare in favor of measures designed
to fasten on us foreA'er the sii le gold
The Democrats stand HOAV for the
joint standard. Silver and gold at any
ratio is infinitely better than gold alone.
The fight must be made in that way ,
and in that way can be Avon.
The Democratic party Avill always remain -
* main opposed to the protective tariff
robbery , and cannot consistently wage
war against monopolies and trusts
without AA'aging war against a system
of taxation which is ahvays unjust to
the mass of the people , and is often
instrumental in seating and strength
If the Democratic party should rise
above the level of mere legendary tra
ditions and frame a platform consist
ent with the existing A'ital problems to
be solved , it will be triumphant in the
next national election.
Then Avill come conditions Avhen the
humblest may compete AA'ith the high-
* st for wealth and distinction Avhen
* the results of prosperity Avill not bo
, confined to corporations and the lorldly
b- . " few , but Avill extend to the many-
handed form of toil in factory and
V lield. Chicago Democrat.
Rocks in McKinley's Path.
Administrations have been wrecked
this on smaller rr-1- * than those
bines , remains a thie head of the at
torney general's department trusts will
go right on defying the law and rob
bing tne people.
The Kxpccted Happens.
The opening of actual hostilities be
tween the American army in the Phil
ippines and the native insurgent forces ,
however deplorable it may be , comes in
the category of those events that are
expected and happen in accordance
Avith the expectation. The leading men
of brains , independence and character
in both the Democratic and Republican
parties Im-e repeatedly warned the
government of the impending danger ,
Avhile the civilized world Avondered at
the inconsistency of a policy that ac
corded the promise of independence to
the Cubans , Avithin fiA'e hours of out
shores , and denied that promise to the
Filipinos ten thousand miles away. But
Avarnings , entreaties and the oft-ex
pressed sentiment of enlightened hu
manity on both sides of the ocean
everywhere except in England have
been persistently ignored.
If the country is to be thus plunged
into an unAvelconie conflict it will be
come the duty of citizenship to support
the administration in all actiAre and
conscientious measures looking to a
speedy termination of hostilities. But
the administration will bo held respon
sible for the war for the desolation of
the Philippines , the sacrifice of Ameri
can lives and the depletion of the Uni
ted States treasury Avhich Avill result
during the next fifty years. Columbus
Sundry Silly Bill.
It is nearly time for some genius ic.
Congress to invent a now way of raid
ing the Treasury. The river and har
bor bill as a method of legislative bur
glary is overworked. Included froir
year to year in the ridiculous items
that make up the bulk of the measure
are ahvays projects of genuine merit
and importance. But the time Avill
come AA'licn the larceny Avill cease to
be a joke , and then projects Avhich have
merit Avill suffer the fate of those
Avhich have not. St. Paul Globe.
May He ? .Iore than a Joke.
An Eastern paper suggests in a semi-
jocose A'ehi that a manufacturers' trust
should be organized to control the en
tire business of the country witli one
corporation. There is in such a sug
gestion something more than cause for
a laugh. The idea may seem absurd ,
but was not the scheme of the first and
greatest combination of all regarded as
utterly impracticable before its present
almost universal scope AA'as even
dreamed of ? Cleveland Plain Dealer.
MARK TWAIN'S DAUGHTER.
Pretty Miss ClemenaInherits Her
Father's Witty Genius. j
The family of a famous man is always - |
ways interesting to the world's admirj j
crs of the man's books or paintings or
whatever else he has accomplished foi
good. Clara Clemens , the pretty daugh
ter of Samuel L. Clemens ( "Mark
TAvaiu" ; , is a deserved favorite in Vien
nese society , where the family of Mi-
Clemens are spending their second
Miss Clemens is a beautiful girl , and
inherits her father's ready Avit and his
love of pleasant company. In Florence
when she was still a slender young
MISS CLARA CLEMENS.
miss in short dresses , she was knowi
along the Arne quays as "La Bella Sig
norina , " and was one of the celebrities
of the town almost equally with hei
distinguished-looking papa , who AAas
as great a lion in Italy as he is UOAV in
When Miss Clemens Aveut to Vienna
she began taking singing lessons undei
the best masters , as so many girls in
society do , simply as an added accom
plishment. This year , however , she is
devoting herself seriously to the studv
of music , having learned that she is the
possessor of a A'oice of singular sweet
ness and pOAver. It is expected that
she AA'ill devote her talent to the con
Mark Twain himself is supposed to
be writing a book about Vienna. Die
likes the Vienna people , and spends
much time studying their life and
WEST VIRGINIA'S NEW SENATOR.
Nathan B. Scott , Once a Grocery Clerk ,
and Now a Millionaire.
Nathan Bay Scott , recently elected
United States Senator from West Vir
ginia , is a native of Ohio. He AA'as born
on a Guernsey County farm. At the
age of 11 he Avas a helper in a country
store , receiA'iug besides his board and
clothing the munificent sum of $23 per
year. At 10 he started out to see the
world. His course lay westAvard and
he got as far as Denver , but found
nothing to induce him to remain there.
Coming back east he enlisted in an
Ohio regiment and fought through the
NATHAN B. SCOTT.
civil war. After the Avar he opened .a
country store at Bellaire , Ohio. Later
he Avent into glass manufacturing and
he removed to Wheeling. In this he
made a fortune and is now a multi-mil
lionaire. For years he has been in poli
tics. He has been Republican National
Committeemau for twelve years , was a
State Senator once and has held the
post of internal revenue commissioner
under President McKinley.
CURE FOR APPENDICITIS.
Prominent Physicians Say It Ts Amen
able to Proper Medical Treatment.
This paper is a protest against the
current surgical theory and practice
that all cases of appendicitis must be
split open. This protest is based on
twenty-seven years' experience as phy
sician and surgeon , including service
in three hospitals , one Avestern fort , five
years in mining surgery , five years in
railroad surgery , tAvelve years in gen
eral practice on the central Avestern
plateau of Minnesota and four years in
this great city , which unique in the
speed of its rise , unique in the snap of
its people , unique in vast tributary ter
ritory and population is decreed by the
fates to be the hub of the earth in the
My experience is that appendicitis
and other abdominal aches for Avhich
men now operate are promptly amen
able to proper medical treatment. I
can recall 100 cases treated Avith symp
toms of this malady or of typhlitis or
perityphlitis , as it Avas formerly called
but I have never yet met a case of it
in Avhich I felt it Avas my duty to cut or
which terminated fatally. Influenced
by the prevailing craze to cut , time and
again in coming to new cases of this
kind I have thought : "Now , sir , your
time has come ; in this case you must
cut. " But , presto ! simple medical
: reatmeut again prevailed. Later on
I shall cite other unimpeachable prac
titioners who share my vieAvs that nied-
cal treatment avails in this malady ,
one showing forty-nine ot > t of fifty-one
cases successfully treated being more
than 90 per cent.
My treatment for appendicitis is free
calomel-aud-soda purgation , supple
mented by hot applications , to be fol-
loAvetl by a saline if action is too SOAAT.
Six Months of Hard Study Devoted to
Undoing : Faults.
"When PadereAVski came to Lesche
tizky , in Vienna , some ten years ago , it
Avas as a concert performer Avho had
already achieved success in Russia and
mastered aii extensive repertoire , "
writes Cleveland Moffet. "Leschetizky
heard his play for a Avhile , and tben
" ' - bad faults but
'You haA-e same very ,
you have talent. You have played too
many things , and nothing AA'ell enough.
Your wrist is hard and stiff. If you
come to me you must forget for six
months that you have a repertoire. You
must play nothing but exercises for
technique , six hours a day of exercises ,
and nothing else. '
"Paderewski thought the matter oAer
and decided that he had the strength of
Avill for this severe test , and put him
self entively in Leschetizky's hands.
All day long for six mouths this finish
ed concert performer worked away at
the mechanics of piano playing , at ex
ercises specially devised for him by
Leschetizky , and some devised by him
self with reference to peculiarities of
his OAvn hands. Every evening he took
a lesson at the professor's house , this
being a mark of special favor , for Avith
ordinary pupils all lessons end at 3 in
the afternoon , and one lesson in two
Aveeks is the best that even the most
proficient may attain. One hour , tAvo
hours , three hours these nightly lessons
lasted , for Leschetizky gives no heed to
time once his serious interest is arous
ed. These tAvo men Avere together con
stantly. They took long AA'alks ; they
played hard-fought games of billiards ,
both being adepts at the game ; they
talked incessantly , for Leschetizky has
a fluent tongue , and AA'hat the older
man knew of sounding art he gave
freely to the younger man , and that the
disciple has giA'cu to the Avorld. " La
dies' Home Journal.
FORTUNE IN HER PETTICOATS.
Over $4OOOOO Found Sewn Up in the
"Countess of Balach's" Old Cloihss.
Quite a sensation has been caused at
Jassy , in Roumania , by the death of a
Mine. Balsch , who has by her ecentri-
cities for years past attracted much at
tention in that toAvn.
Some years ago she AA'as the Avife of a
Herr Veldiinaii , by whom she had a
daughter. After a year or tAvo of mar
ried life she divorced him and married
a Herr Balsch , by Avhom she had a son.
Soon after the hitter's birth she left her
She then Avent to Paris , where she
called herself Countess von Balsch.
Toward her children she never seemed
to feel anything but the greatest
hatred , and when her son died she sent
the body to her father for burial. She
turned her daughter out of her house ,
and the unfortunate girl was only kept
from starvation by the kindness of rel
atives. After the death of her second
husband she returned to Itouinanin ,
Avherc she lived in complete retirement.
In spite of the fact that she Avas ex
tremely Avealthy , she lived in the most
Avretchcd manner and Avas generally
reputed to be a miser.
A feAV days ago she died. When her
daughter came to examine her belong
ings no trace of money could be found.
In going through her mother's clothin.
hOAVOA'cr , she noticed that one of the
petticoats seemed somewhat stiff , as if
heavily lined. She ripped it open and
found over 200,000 notes seAved under
This put her on the track , and all her
mother's petticoats , of Avhich she had
an enormous number , were examined.
In nearly every one large sums of mon
ey were found , amounting altogether
to betAA-een 2,000,000 and 3,000,000
Just How It Is Done.
Suiit'a and Jones Avere talking one
day about their business interests.
Smith AAas a hotel man and Jones AA as
a manufacturer's agent.
"I say , " said Jones , "IIOAV ever do
you use such an enormous quantity of
pears and peaches ? "
"Well , " replied Smith , "AVC eat Avhat
can , and Avhat Ave can't eat AVC
"Indeed ! " said the other , "AVC tlo
about the same in our business. "
"HoAV is that ? "
"We sell an order when we can sell
it , and AA'heu we can't sell it AAC cancel
it. " San Francisco Argonaut.
Distantly Related to "Wealth.
At the wedding anniversary of a
railway magnate , one of the guests ,
noticing a somcAvhat lonely looking
ind rather shabbily attired man in one
Corner of the parlor , Avalked over and
sat doAVii near him.
"i was introduced to you , " he said ,
'but I did not catch your name. "
"My name , " replied the other , "is
"Oh , then you are a relative of our
lost ! "
"Yes , " replied the "poor relation. "
.vith . a grin. "I am his cousin § 300.000
emoA'ed. " Youth's Companion.
"There is something burglarious
ibout four aces , " said the man Avho
sometimes plays poker. .
"They are almost like robbery , " said
lie man who sometimes tries to play.
"Yes , and they are safe openers. "
[ ndianpolis Journal.
Of Historical importance.
The Heard family , of Washington ,
3a. , preserved unchanged in their old
louse the room in which the Confeder-
ite cabinet held its last meeting.
HOW PIANISTS A E MADE.
Padere\V8ki Had to Unlearn Faults He
"Six is the age at which would-be
pianists should begin serious work , "
says the great teacher Leschetizky , the
Viennese master of music , from whom
PadereAv&ki learned to perfect his art.
When Paderewski went to Leschetizky ,
some ten years ago , it was as a concert
performer who had already achieved
success in Russia and mastered an ex
tensive repertory. Leschetizky heard
him play for awhile and then said :
"You have some very bad faults , but
you have talent. You have played too
many things and nothing well enough.
Your wrist is hard and stiff. If you
come to me you must forget for six
mouths that you have a repertory ; you
must play nothing but exercises for
technique , six hours a day for exer
cises , and nothing else. "
The verdict was a serious one and
Paderewski gave it a serious consider
ation , ending by determining to be
come the renowned Leschetizky's pu
pil. All day loug for six months this
finished concert performer worked
away at the mechanics of piano play
ing , at exercises specially devised for
him by Leschetizky , and some devised
by himself with reference to peculiari
ties of his own hands. Every evening
he was given a lesson at the professor's
house as a mark of special favor , for
with ordinary pupils all lessons ended
at 5 in the afternoon , and one lesson in
two weeks was the best that even the
most proficient might attain.
One hour , two hours , three hours ,
these nightly sessions lasted , for Les
chetizky gives no heed to time , once his
serious interest is aroused. These two
men were together constantly ; they
took long walks ; they played hard-
fought games of billiards , both being
adepts at the game ; they talked inces
santly , for Leschetizky has a fluent
tongue , and what the older man knew
of the art of making music he gave
freely to the younger man.
It is worthy of record that this store
of musical knowledge , transmitted
thus from man to man , was a sort of
sacred heritage handed down from the
great Beethoven , for Leschetizky's
master AA'as Czeruj- , and Czerny often
declared that all he knew about music
lie got from Beethoven in a few weeks
of priceless intercourse with that great
est of all musicians.
Leschetizky accorded this extreme
favor to Paderewski because it pleased
him to do so and for no other reason.
The young Pole had no special inilu-
euce and very little money , but he had
conspicuous talent and an untiring resolution
elution to do the work put before him.
"He would have succeeded in any
thing. " remarked Leschetizky , "in
painting , in literature , in business , had
he made up his mind to undertake it. "
CRAFTS AND TRADES
In the Thirteenth Centiiry-The Man
iifactnre of I/eather.
The manufacture of leather seems to
have been important , showing that
leather jerkins and breeches Avere com
monly worn , says Notes and Queries.
We have nineteen skynners , forty bark-
ars , six saddlers , three cordeweuers ,
107 souters ( shoemakers ) and eight
glovers. The surname feuster is a trade
name denoting a maker of pack saddles
The commonest trades are tylour and
smyth , since one lived in almost every
village. The taylours number 407 , of
whom 140 are called by the Latin name
of cissor. In addition to 201 smyths ,
several are specialized. There are two
arusmyths , three lokesmyths , three
goldsmyths , five ffcrours ( shoeing
smiths ) and six mr.rshalls ( farriers ) .
The wryght wrought both in wood
and metal. The number catalogued is
ISO , of whom eighty-one are called by
the Latin name faber ( French favre ) ;
one of the few cases in which the Latin
translation of a trade name has be
come a common surname. The wryghts'
trade , like that of the smyths , was spe
cialized. The arkwryght made the
great arks or chests in which the
clothes or meal were stored , and we
find a ploughwryght , a wheelwryght ,
two shippewryghts , eleven cartwryghts
and two glasenwryghts ( glaziers ) , who
were probably concerned with the windows
dews of churches. Glass windows in
houses were rare , as is still the case in
Sicily or Egypt.
The bakesters are few ( fifteen ) , sug
gesting that families baked their own
bread. There are twenty-six butchers
( fleshewer , bocher or caruifex ) , whence
Labouchere , while the surname potter
shows that this trade was in existence.
The fysshers ( forty-three ) were opu
lent , being taxed twelve times as much
The first attempt at scientific fore
casting of the weather was the result
of a storm which during the Crimean
war , Nov. 14 , 1S34 , almost destroyed
the fleets of France and England. As a
storm had raged several days earlier in
France , investigations were made ,
which showed that the tAvo were in
reality one storm , and that its path
could have been ascertained and the
fleet forewarned in ample time to reach
Marriage in Melbourne.
A man can be married in Melbourne
: -heaper than in any other part of the
ivorld. Ministers advertise in the pi-
; u'is against each other. One offers , to
bind together loving couples for 10s
jd. another for 7s Gd , and so on down
: o 2s Gd. In some cases wedding break-
"asts and rings are thrown in. Tit-
After a inau has done wrong he bo-
; ins to talk of the narrowness of those
sA'ho have been good , or who have not
been found out.
It is sometimes more difficult to win
: he father's ear than the daughter's
Under Free Coinage.
It has been estimated that there arer
between $20,000,000,000 and § 30,000-
indebtedness , consisting
000,000 of long-time
sisting of national , State , county , city-
and corporation bonds and individual
promissory notes , owed in this nation.
Over one-half of this is payable in law
ful money of the United States.
Under free coinage , silver dollars be
come legal tender for the payment o
all that ten or fifteen billions of debt.
in all political
It is a principle recognized
cal economies that if one dollar is-
cheaper than another , that all the obli
gations payable in lawful money Avill
be paid in the cheaper dollar , and thus
if silver should ever go to a discount
compared to gold , there would be that
enormous demand created for silver by
the debtors , Avho owe the $10,000,000-
000 or $13,000,000,000.
With such an enormous demand upon
the limited quantity of silver available
for coinage , is it possible that any one
would part with silver at an appreci
able discount ? You must remember
that this silver dollar is not only a legal i
tender for the payment of privatcjr
debts , but it is also a legal tender for
the discharge of State , county and city
taxes , Avhich aggregate about $300-
000,000 a year.
It is a legal tender for the payment
of all import duties , internal revenue
duties , and postage dues of the national
governmeV" , and you must remember
that the national government raises by
those duties the enormous sum ot"al *
most $300,000,000 a year.
Parity of the Metals.
The products of manufactories in the
United States , according to Mr. Mul-
hall , are one-half as much as those of
the balance of the world , being annu
ally $7,213,000,000 , while those of ilu.
entire world are $22,370,000,000.
Mr. Reed , HOAV Speaker of the Iou \
in a speech before that body on Feb. 1 ,
iSl)4 ) , referring to the manufacturing
interests of this country , said : "I do
not vouch , nor can any one vouch , lor
these figures , but the proportion ot"one -
third to two-thirds nobody can fon-SMy
dispute. We produce one-third and the
rest of the world , England included ,
two-thirds. The population of the
world is 1,300,000,000 , of which AVC
have 70,000,000 , which leaves 1,430,0-ID-
000 for the rest of mankind. We u o
all our manufactories or the equivalent
of them. Hence we are equal to oiio-
Lalf the Avhole globe outside of our
selves , England included , and compared
as a market with the rest of the v.-orld
our population is equal to 700,00 < V > o , > . "
With such an array of facts and tig-
tires Avho can doubt that this nation
in commerce , mining , manufactures
and agriculture is equal to at least one-
fourth if not one-third of all the na
tions of the world ? With such a power
and such a force , is it possible that wo
are too weak to establish a financial
policy of our own ? John F. Shafroth.
Arc r ot Consistent.
Except England , not one great Datum
professedly upon the gold standard h.is
consistently applied it , and her success
has been possible only because the oth
ers have failed , and because a large portion
tion of the world has not CA'en made
France uses more than $400,000.000
of full legal tender silver , besides rot-
ing her $700,000,000 of paper money
upon both gold and silver support. The
establishment of the gold standard in
all its glory in France , as contemplated
for the United States by pending pro
posals in Congress , would shake the
foundations of that republic.
Germany has a buffer of some $100-
000,000 worth of the old silver thalers
between herself and the pure gold
standard. Italy made a great ado a
few years since , as did also Austria-
Hungary , and both borowed vast mill
ions of gold as a support for their mou
The former has noAV a circulation of
? 2SG,000,000 of paper not in fact re
deemable. Austria , by borroAving , has
iccumulated about $200.000,000 in gold ,
but it is locked up by the government ,
Iocs not circulate , and is to-day at a
rremium. Similarly Russia has put
ibout $630,000,000 into her war chest ,
tvhile her actual circulation comprises
ibout $900,000,000 in siher and paper
redeemable in gold.
The great stubborn fact is the fall of
iverage prices , the ruinous rise of the
) urchasing power of gold , with the con
sequent wreckage of enterprise and
jractical confiscation of property
ihrough inability to sustain the inagui-
'ying burdens upon it.
There is a point of A-iew not suffi-
: ientiy attended to : That this fall of
> rices or rise of gold is equally calami-
ous , hoAAever it has occurred. Our gold
itandard friends try hard to persuade
hemselves that the fall of prices has
> een due to various non-monetary
auses ; an impossible task , we believe ,
int totally unsatisfying , even If accom-
tlished. The fall of general prices is
he rise of sold. Charles A. TOWKO.
Any Old Thiii .
A subscriber to a rural Pennsylvania ,
aper recently Avrote to the editor of
hat journal to ask whether he would
ake his pay in chickens. The editor
eplied : "Yes and Avood and meal ,
leat and corn , and potatoes and
eachcs , and billy goats , and pigs , and
orses , and hay , and land , and mules ,
nd cows , and calves , and rabbits , and'
, 'heat , and turnips , and any old thing :
ou've got. We have on rare occasions
ven taken in money on subscriptions. "