Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900, February 23, 1899, Image 3
F Manure for Orchards. So much mischief can be done by applying - plying manures of the wrong kind in orchards , says the Agriculturist , that I doubt if AVO do not lose more by ma nuring than by neglecting to manure. Fruit trees do not require at any time barnyard manures , or their equivalent. What they require is a supply of iuor- gani'food. . You can do no better for apple trees than to supply them Avitli coal ashes in Avhich there is a liberal admixture of wood ashes. The coal ashe * ; loosen the soil ; the Avood ashes furnish the fertilizer. If you can get arg ply of old mortar you haA'o just the riling you need. A mixture of lime and salt , Avhen so mixed as to leave no free salt , is excellent for all fruit trees. All such manures should be applied .as a top-dressing. A poach or plum or chard needs nothing better than sAvamp muck or earth from the Avoods , Avith a slight addition of phosphate and pot ash. If barnyard manure is applied at any time , it should be thoroughly decom posed and applied as a top-dressing. Such manure , if placed about the roots , A\ hen planting a pear or apple tree , Avill kill it. Grapes , of course , Avant phos phates and potash. They Avill also respond spend to a free application of liquid manures during their periods of rest , both in Avintor and in midsummer. All the tall groAving berries , of the bramble sort , Avill use a large amount of organic manure. But be careful about dress ing your raspberries \vith rank unde- composcd barnyard manure. The prob ability is at any time you Avill develop a fungoid disease that you cannot eas ily master. If you use barnyard manure in raspberries it should be thoroughly comminuted Avith the soil as a com post. In fact , I prefer to compost every manure before it is placed on my gar dens. Equally important as the manure is the mulching of our fruit trees and bushes of all sorts. Covering : a "Wagon Fenl. Procure flannel , either black , blue or green , tAvo dozen buttons for the top crff i ushion , and the same number for tlio bottom , black oilcloth for lining the "fall , " a spool of stout linen thread , and a long darning needle at least five inches in length. Using the Avoru "fall" as a pattern , cut the oilcloth of the same size and the flannel three-fourths inch wider all around. Bind the edges of the flannel over the oilcloth , basting firmly Avith firm silk thread , stitch the tAvo together , the line of stitching being very near the edge of the bound-over flannel. For the seat cut a narroAv strip of oilcloth buckram is better if you have it for use as stiffening. Lay narroAv tucks in the flannel , both lengthwise and crossAvise , stitching them in. This forms squares , and the lines of tucks should be very regular and about four inches apart. Cover the bottom of the seat Avith oilcloth , cutting it of the de sired size. Cut the tucked flannel three- fourths inch larger , and stitch as for the "fall , " Avith the stiffening in place along throe edges. Slip this cover over the "hair" or "spring" foundation and fasten the end firmly. Place a stout tAvine in your long nee dle , to it fasten one of the larger but tons , put the noodle through the COA- orcd cushion at a corner of one square , draw doAvn into the cushion as far as possible , pressing the button Avith some Avooden object from the upper side to force it into the yielding ma terial of the foundation , tie a slip knot in your thread at the leAver side , put on the small button , and cutting the thread throe inches from the cushion , tfviiid the end between the button last added and the cushion around the eye of the button. The tension will hold It if drawn tight enough through the cushion. At the four corners of each square place buttons. Orange .Tudd Farmer. Cnre of Asparagus. In the fall the tops of asparagus should be cut and the bed rid of grass and Aveeds , says Western PloAvmaii. The asparagus seed should not be al lowed to reseed the bed , as they will simply cause superfluous plants , mak ing the product small and Aveak. A liberal covering of coarse manure should bo applied , serving the double purpose of enriching the soil and keep j ing out the frost. If sufficient loose i trash is spread on it must bo loose to j prevent heating and smothc-ring to i prevent the frost from reaching the ! ! I croAvus , the result Avill be good , as the plant is one of the earliest to start in the spring , and prepares for this during | the winter , if the soil conditions are ffaA-oiKiblc. In the early spring time the coarse manure should be raked off and 'the ' fine manure worked in the ground. An application of coarse salt is very beneficial. Growing Spinach. To groAV spinach successfully the /work of preparing the ground should begin in autumn after the fall crop of /vegetables has been harvested. Work iinto the soil thoroughly an ample sup ply of well-rotted manure , then level j ground off smoothly as possible and sow the seed in shallow drills Irom twelve to sixteen inches apart. Sow the seed seatteriiigly , for it has Been found that thick seeding does not pay. This done , cover it only about half ai inch deep , and in conclusion linn Hit- ground by treading down each row with the feet. It is well to get the seed in early in November , for then the plants will have a chance to come up and be thinned out before real winter weather arrives. When the ground is 'slightly frozen rt moderate mulch of litter of leaves may be placed over the plants. In this way an early crop of spinach may be gathered so early , in fact , that it will be entirely out of the way by the time the ground is ready for other crops. Farm and Field. VciitilatiiiK the Cellar. A great mistake , says Medical Class ics , is sometimes made in ventilating cellars and milk houses. The object of ventilation is to keep the cellars cool and dry , but this object often fails of being accomplished by a common mis take , and instead the cellar is made both warm and damp. A cool place should never be ventilated , unless the air admitted is cooler than the air within , or is at least as cool as that or u very little warmer. The warmer the air the more moisture it holds in sus pension. Necessarily the cooler the air the more this moisture is condensed and precipitated. When a cool cellar is aired on a warm day the entering air being in motion appears cool , but as it lills the cellar the cooler air with whifh it becomes mixed chills it , the moisture is condensed , and dew is de posited on the cold walls , and may often be seen running down them in streams. Then the cellar is damp and soon becomes moldy. To avoid this the windows should only be opened at night , and late the last thing before retiring. There is no need to fear that the night air is unhealthful ; it is as pure as the air of midday , and is really drier. The windows should be closed before sunrise in the morning , and kept closed and shaded through the day. If the air of the cellar is damp it may be thoroughly dried by placing in it a peck of fresh lime in an open box. Nul-Beariiij Trees. All the nut-growing trees do best when planted where they are to stand permanently , and all must be planted in the fall , as once the nuts become thoroughly dried their vitality is de stroyed and they refuse to germinate. The nuts should be planted only two or three inches deep in order that the frost may get to them and break open the shell. Among all the nut trees none makes so quick a return as the chestnut when planted where conditions are favorable. The American chestnut is as good and sweet as any from any country , but the size of the nuts do not compare with the Japanese varieties. The best way to secure Japanese chestnut trees is to plant native chest nuts and afterward graft Japanese scions on them. A similar plan was followed with a chestnut grove in New Jersey. The native trees were cut down and allowed to sprout up , and these sprouts were grafted with scions from Japanese chestnut trees. In ten years each one of these grafts was yielding a crop which brought from 3 to ? 7 to the tree , and this yield will in crease every year for twenty or thirty years , when the yield from one tree will be as much as § 30. Walnuts , hickory nuts or pecans are easily grown , the first two in the North and the last in the South. Walnut trees come into bearing in a few years where they are cultivated , and Jn course of time produce lumber of the most valu able kind. The IJevil'a Taint Brush. This "worst" ' weed is rapidly enter ing Northern Pennsylvania from New York State. Its similarity to ladies' paint brush is great so far as char acter goes far greater than the sim ilarity in name. Salt is the remedy recommended. Prof. Ruckout siys : that a dressing of ten to fifteen pounds a square rod will kill nearly all of it , and this is especially practicable when the first patches appear. Another ap plication may be needed to kill out some occasional plants that survived the first application. This amount of salt is at the rate , say , of a ton an acre , and. while it will kill very young grass plants and some leaves , it will not ma terially injure a sod. Agricultural salt will do the work , and is much less ex pensive than ordinary salt. National Stockman. Poultry Notci. Drinking water often spreads dis ease. Fowls with colds or roup should not be allowed to drink with the oth ers. Common fowls can be greatly im proved in size and vigor by selecting the best , and setting only eggs from the best layers. Turkeys should not be confined while fatteninir. If they are fed plenty of corn and soft feed throe times a day they will keep quiet enough and put on IK'sh very fast. White corn is liked better than yol- low by many turkey growers , who think it gives a clear white color to the flesh. Some Avheat , barley and bucl- wheat should be given also. The various oat feeds on the market are much praised by some poultry fccd- ers. They at least afford , a change from the everlasting shorts and cornmeal - meal , of which the hens get very tired. Fowls like turnips cither boiled or raw , and this root should be used free ly throughout the winter. The hens will make a better use than any other farm animals of the surplus turnips and potatoes. Too many people reason that if a dozen hens will give a good profit , an other dozen in the same coop will dou ble the profit. One must resolutely keep down the number , so that there will be no crowding. Repairing : Dirt Koads. For a long time to come dirt roads will predominate throughout the country - try , no matter how rapidly the move ment progresses in favor of hard , per manent highways. It is of the first importance that they should be cor rectly made and properly cared for , in order to get good results from them. In discussing their construction and maintenance , E. G. Harrison , govern ment road expert , says : "Except when the frost is coming out of the ground in the spring , it will be quite possible to build ordinary dirt roads so that they will be very satis factory and so that they can be kept in good condition throughout the year except during a few weeks of spring thaw. The best way , after the road is properly built , is to hire somebody in the vicinity , some laboring man , for Instance , to keep in repair permanent ly a particular stretch of road. lie can start out then just after every rain when he wouldn't be working in his fields , and with a single shovel he can make all necessary repairs to the road. "If water is collecting in any spot , he can open up a little ditch and let the water drain off properly , although if the road Avas properly built , this would rarely occur. He can toss stones to one side that the rain has washed down. And , especially , he can look to see that no holes are forming. A little hollow starts in a road. The next wagon scoops out a trifle more dirt , an other wagon another trifle. Soon there's a big hole. It rains. Water col lects iu the hole and forms mud , and then the mud clings to the wagon wheels and the hole grows faster than ever. But if , in the very beginning , the road repairer had filled in the small hollow with his shovel and some dirt , and stamped the earth down a bit , then the wagons would have packed the dirt like a roller and the hole would never have got a chance to grow. It's best to have roads kept in repair by contract , for then it's to the interest of the contractor that no important re pairs should ever become necessary. Ho will exercise constant care , and with a very little labor every week he'll have no difficulty in keeping the roads in perfect condition. " Crime in Bad-Roads District. The extent and number of bloody feuds in the mountainous districts of some States is attributed to the iiiac- eessibiliiy of the people , their ignor ance , enforced idleness and consequent crime. In many districts the roads are so bad that a four-horse team can pull but a ton during the summer and fall , while at other seasons what little trans portation there is takes place by pack mules. Schools could not be attended if they existed , the people are out of touch with their kind , and have noth ing better to do than to make and drink "moonshine * ' whisky and nurse their feuds. Permanent roads would revolu tion'/ " these communities , make in dustry possible and profitable , cause the establishment of schools and re press criminal tendencies. CASH VALUE OF IMMIGRANTS. Brinr the Most Money Into the Country ami Italians Least If one were to gauge the worth of newly arivcd immic'-aius by the amount of money they bring with them , those who come from Germany would take first rank. England would hold second place and Italy the last. The average German who conies to this country brings ? r 2.00 with him. When the average Englishman comes he brings $1.40 less , or ? 31.oG. The next wealthiest average immigrant is the Frenchman , who comes with $47.2o in his pocket. The Belgian is fourth in the list with ? 43.GO. The Italian , who is the poorest of all , brings $9.98 , but it is safe to say that he returns to his native land the Avealthiest of all who go back if his propensity for saving is a thing to judge by. The Turk who comes to America brings $35.56 with him. and stands well toward the top of the list. The average Irishman comes over , to stay , with a capital of $ lu.2G , while the Russian , according to the annual report of the Commissioner General of Immigration , brings $12.10. The Solar Day. Nine persons out of Ven yes , nine hundred and ninety-nine out of every thousand if asked how long it takes the earth to turn once on its axis would twenty-four and to the answer ; ques tion , How many times does it turn on its axis in the course of the year , the answer would be three hundred and sixty-five and a quarter times. Both answers are wrong. It re quires but twenty-three hours and fifty- six minutes for the earth to make one complete turn , and it makes three hun dred and sixty-six and a quarter turns during the year. The error springs from a wrong idea of what is meant by a day. The day is not. as is commonly supposed , the time required by the earth to make one turn on its axis , but the interval between two successive passages of the sun across the meridian ; that is to say , the time which elapses after the sun is scon exactly south , in its diurnal course thro.igh the heavens be-fore it is again seer , in that position. Now , in consequence of the earth's revolution in its orbit , or path round the sun , the sun has the appearance of moving very slowly in the heavens In a direction from cast to west. At noon to-morrow the sun will be a short distance to the east of the point in the heavens at which it is seen at noon to-day , so that when the earth has made one complete turn it will still have to turn four minutes longer be fore the sun can again be seen exactly south. LANDSEER A JUVENILE GENIUS. Kxhihitcd Pictures at the Royal Acad emy "When Only 14. As perhaps most American boys knoAv , Landseer , the English artist , painted deer and dogs as no one had ever done before , and as , perhaps , no one has done since. lie Avas said to have humanized their expression. His genius developed very early , so that , AVhou only 14 years of age , his picture of a magnificent dog , chained to its kennel , and carried away by a flood , attracted considerable notice at an ex hibition of the Royal Academy. A gen tleman Avho Avas very much struck with its merit hurried off to the painter to make an offer for it ; he rang at the door of a small garden. When the gate opened he saAV a boy playing Avith a hoop Avith some other little felloAvs. He inquired of the children : "Does Mr. Landseer live here ? " "Yes , " replied one of the boys. "When may I speak to him ? " "NOAV , if you like ; I am Mr. Laud- seer. " "But , " explained the visitor , "it is your father I Avant to see. I have called about a picture of his at the academy. " "Well , " said the child , "it is 1 Avho am exhibiting the picture , " and he pro ceeded to make the sale. His technical poAvers Avere extraor dinary. He Avas once present at a par ty , Avhen the conversation turned upon feats of manual dexterity , and a lady exclaimed : "Well , there is one thing no body has ever done yet , and that is to draw tAvo things at once ! " "Oh , yes ; I think I could do that , " re turned Landsoor. And with a pencil in each hand he drew a profile of a stag's head Avith all its antlers complete , and the perfect profile of a horse's head. Both draAvings Avere full of energy and spirit. The Timid Led by the Blind. "I saAV a most remarkable occurrence on the street the other day , " said a pro fessional man , "and it made a deep im pression on me. A lady came doAvn Euclid avenue and stopped at the cor ner of Bond street. She evidently AN anted to cross to the other side of the avenue. She was not a young Avoman and she did not look strong. There AA'as quite a jam of vehicles in the street , motor cars , wagons and bicy cles , and she seemed a little timid about risking the passage. As she hes itated a man came up Bond street and paused beside her. lie Avas a Avell- dressed man and carried a heaA\v cane , AAhich I noticed he used constantly as it' ho might bo a little lame. " 'Sir , ' said the lady to him , Van I ask you to offer me the protection of your arm in crossing the streetV "She said this in a very SAVoet and ladylike Avay and the man Avith the cane touched his hat. " 'Certainly , madam , ' ho replied , and offered his arm. As they crossed the street I folloAved close behind them. The man Avith the cane Avas very care ful. He halted several times , but they reached the other side Avithout mishap. As the lady let go of his arm she said : " 'Thank you. sir , for your courtesy and protection. ' 'You are quite Avelcomc , madam , ' ho replied. 'But I fear you overvalue my protection because I am blind ! ' "And touching his hat again he turned and picked his Avay up the croAvd"d sidoAvalk. " "When Love Menus Vanity. The women of French-Canadian households work themselves out sooner than the men. who. as a rule , marry again very quickly. A girl. too. considers it a disgrace if she hasn't a beau to see her home from church. A little habitant servant of fifteen was found in tears by her mis tress one Sunday morning. "What is the matter Avith you , Celestine ? " asked her mistress. "It's the first Sunday since I was twelve I haven't had a young man to walk with , " sobbed Cel- estiuo. "Think , madam , of the dis grace ! " "But how about Jean Seguin ? " "Oh , last night Jean came in to say he had met a girl with a COAV and a feather bed. and he liked her better than me , and wanted his presents back. Don't be sorry for me , madam. I'll try to get another beau before this afternoon , and be married first just to spite him. " Five minutes later she sailed forth in cherry- colored ribbons in search of a fresh beau , and brought him back in triumph to dinner. Buffalo Commercial. Ceesar on the Rhine. The noA" and grand bridge across the Rhine , which the city of Bonn has just completed , is embellished by a most im posing entrance tower. Upon this the art-loving university town has erected a statue of Julius Caesar in honor of his having been the alleged first build er of a Rhine bridge near Bonn , al though historical research has plainly proved that the great Roman general crossed the river further up , near Neu- Avied. The attention of the good people of Bonn was again called to this fact a Avoek or tAvo ago by a professor of its university , but they are determined to keep their false hero guarding- the entrance to their magnificent Rheiu- bruccke. London Times. One idea of a chump is a man who asks another man where he bought his umbrella. A bad player and a bad piano make a bad combination. The jokes of the writer who does hia level best often fall fiat. rOPICS FOE FARMERS. A DEPARTMENT PREPARED FOR OUR RURAL FRIENDS. How Hopr Cholera la Distributed A Ions trcarns-Prevention of Pota to Diseases Fome Farms Too Bisr for the Farmer Protecting Trees. Careful experiments conducted in the laboratory of the Agricultural Depart ment at Washington , D. C. , have dem onstrated that hog cholera bacilli will remain alive and active in water four months. This explains the cause of the rapid distribution of the disease along streams , creeks , branches and rivulets. A great many farmers alloAV their pigs to obtahi their supply of Avater from streams iloAving through their farms. It is a very convenient mode of watering stock , but a rather danger ous one. If the hogs upstream are at tacked by cholera or SAvine plague the germs are sure to be brought doAvn and the hogs infected. It is a difficult matter to keep informed as to the con- dtion of all the hogs along a stream many miles in length , therefore it is the safest plan by far to fence the swine aAvay from the rivers and creeks. It is safe to say that no herd of swine that obtains its supply of Avater from a river or flowing stream is safe from infection , and those who persist in al- leAving their hogs access to such Ava- ters must expect to suffer losses from hog cholera. AVhat makes matters worse , it is not only the person who thus allows his hogs to become infect ed who suffers loss , but the disease is communicated to the herds of his neighbors , and is spread over a Avhole tOAvnship until the losses run up into the thousands. When an outbreak of hog cholera occurs in a neighborhood the best plan is to yard your hogs at once , and to keep all other animals out of that yard. Epitomist. Prevention of Potato Diseases. Here are presented some statements made by Mr. L. H. Reid , of Wisconsin , at a meeting of the Missouri Horticul tural Society. Mr. Reid raises potatoes on a large scale and makes his state ments in regard to potato culture from actual knoAvledge : "No one should ever plant a field of potatoes without first soaking the seed in the corrosive sublimate solution (2 ( ounces of corrosive sublimate to 1C ounces of water ) . Even if the seed ap pears perfectly free from every trace of scab , soak it , as the germs of scab may be clinging to the skin of the tuber. The expense is small , and the remedy sure , if the treated seed is planted upon hind free from the germs of the scab. " Bordeaux mixture is just as sure a remedy against blight as is corrosive sublimate against scab. But one thing must be remembered , and that is , it is not a cure but a preventive. In using it you must commence early and apply it as often as necessary to keep every leaf coated Avith an armor plate of cop per. Then the germs of the dreaded blight Avill not be able to gain entrance. Don't apply it once or tAvice and think that Avill do , as you Avill be very likely to lose entirely the labor expended iu the first application. If you take up the battle you must keep it up until the season is over , or your labor may be in vain. In a wet season you may have to go oA'er your fields as often as once a week , or CA'en of tenor. The only safe way is to keep that armor plate solid , or the little foe may enter. In an ordin ary season four or five applications give very satisfactory results. Farms Too BSR for the Fanner. Much of the success of the fi depends in the relationship between the farmer and his farm. Some men can manage an eighty-acre farm suc cessfully , but break doAvn when it conies to 1GO acres. Others can man age a quarter , but cannot manage a half section. The farmer must always be bigger than his farm ; the business man , if he Avould always be successful , must always le capable of handling a larger business than he actually does. In short , thcio must ahvays be a re serve power available for emergen cies. The weaker must always be a servant of the stronger. When the farm is larger than the farmer , it runs the farmer , instead of the farmer run ning it. In that case the farmer goes under. Some man capable of handling the farm must get hold of it before it becomes a profitable investment. Wal lace's Farmer. Protecting Trees ivith traw. People put on warm clothing to keep the skin from being exposed to cold air , well knoAviug that the internal heat from burning of the food taken into the stomach Avill furnish warmth which Avill keep the extremities from freez ing. But there is no internal combus tion inside a tree , and it may be woii- derel why there is any adA-antage in wrapping trees Avith straw , as is often i done to tender trees to protect them i from winter's cold. I Jut there is ad vantage , for though the tire has no blood it has what is its equivalent , sap. Avhich circulates in all live trees even i in the coldest weather. This sap is ; clraAvu from the deep soil by the tree roots , and as it is much warmer than the winter air , if the Inter cn be kept from- touching the outside of the tree the sap inside Avill keep the tree alh-c AA-hen it might othenvisc be killed. Ex change. Fulphnr as n Tire Killer. The burning of sulphur in the poultry house is not a A'ery reliable process for getting rid of lice. The sulphur smoke Avill kill the lice in the building , if pro duced in sufficient A'olume and con tinued long enough , but a greater or less proportion of the lice will decline to stay in the building to be killed if they can find any way of escape , and In the poultry house of ordinary pat tern they can find a way of escape through the cracks and will camp * on. the outside un'til the smoke is gone ami will then return to their quarters. If the Avails of the poultry house are sprayed with kerosene emulsion or painted with a good liquid lice killer , the fumes Avill remain for a number of days , and if any of the lice should seek to get away from them by escaping through the cracks they Avill encounter the death-dealing odor on their return. Burn sulphur in the poultry house , but do not place your dependence entirely upon this for keeping the premises f reu from lice. Wallace's Farmer. Raising : Peanuts. riant them in a sandy place and al- Avays as early in spring as possible , for they need a long season In which to grow. First put the ground in good shape , taking a drag a foot wide to make the nws , check the ground 5 feet each way , or , if in rich ground , (5 feet. Plant very shalloAA * , so the moles can pass under them and not find them ; put two nuts in a hill about G inches apart. Hull them , but don't break the skin on the kernel. When they are well up , hoe and replant. Keep the ground well cultivated , and hoe under the edge of the vines , being careful not to hill them up , and when , the spurs begin to grow be very careful not to touch them with the hoo. Keep the ground loose and they will groAV and continue to bear until frost ripens them. When all are matured dig , wash and dry well In the sun before putting away. They Avill not keep well if not dry when stored away. Epitomist. Neglect of "Weed * . It is hard to explain why our fanners are so reckless concerning the en croachments of Avoeds ? The Avild car rot might easily have been headed off if Ave had the right sentiment among our land-owners. The only difficulty now in eradicating it is the fact that there is so much of it. It is easily pull ed before going to seed. The ha\vk- Avecd is spreading through the fields of New York State and elsoAvhore. The best way of dealing Avith this pest , as Avell as with moneyAVort , where it gets lodged on the laAvns , is to SOAV liberally AA'ith salt. Buy a barrel or more of damaged salt , which you can generally find at any country store and obtain for less than half price. While the salt kills the Aveeds it fertilizes the grass. Apply three or four times in order to thoroughly reach every plant and root. Farm and Fireside. Raisins : Tohacco. The farmers in the highlands of Dick- son County , Tenn. , have never raised cotton , but plant tobacco as the money crop , and it usually yields from ? 30 to § 75 per acre net , Avhich is doing very Avell when Ave take into consideration that all the grain , and meats used upon the farmer's table are produced at home , besides the fruits and vegetables. More tobacco is being planted in this section every year , and the farmers be coming more and more independent therel > 3 * . It is usually prepared for market in wet weather when it is too disagreeable to work out of doors , and in this respect the tobacco raiser has the advantage because he is kept busy all the time. Idleness Avill ruin the farmer as Avell as his machines , and tobacco culture is a good cure for the disease. Epitomist. True Indian Corn , Three or four years ago an Indian mound in Arkansas was being exca vated , when an earthen jar was found hermetically sealed that contained a small quantity of grains of Indian corn. Some of the grains were the next year planted in Missouri and several bushels raised. On the top of the mound from Avhich the jar was dug out a large tree 4 feet in diameter \vas growing , and it is thought the corn lay buried about 3,000 years. The ears arc not large , but grow tAA-o or three on a single stock. The one thing peculiar about this corn is its color , or , rather , colors. On the same cob are grains of different colors , and in the roAv you can find an ear that is white , another blood red , one a salmon color , and another perfectly black. Harrodsburg ( Ky. ) Sayings. Tanninjr Kabhit Skins. Split skins same as those of larger animals , stretch and tack on a smooth board hair side down. Take equal parts common salt and alum pulverized and mixed , rub this over and let stand a day , then rub with a brick to loosen flesh that adheres to hide ; repeat as above till skin is smooth , then let dry. When dry remove from board and trim the edges. Moisten a rag with linseed , oil and rub it over lightly ; It will keep the skin soft. In tacking be careful to lay the hair down smooth. The older the rabbit the stronger the hide. Bird Hunting : . Bird hunting would be a less popular amusement if men could occasionally witness a pitiable spectacle like that de scribed by an Italian naturalist. He came across a snipe that was thin as a nail and unable to move. Both its feet had been shot off , and in attempting to stop the floAV of blood by putting on some fine feathers , as snipes do when ! wounded , some of the blood and down j dried on its bill and closed so that it could not open it to feed ; and when found it had been slowly starving for several days. New York Post. Pure Cider One of the reforms that should be en forced , not only in the interest of public health , but of the fruit-growing farmer as well , is to enforce the laws which most States have to punish adultera tions of vinegar. The malic acid of the apple juice when soured is hardly in jurious at all. unless the stomach is al ready in b'ad condition. But the us ? of the various chemical acids to make into" vinegar destroys the tone of the stonj ach as well as the enamel which tects teeJi from decaying.