Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900, February 23, 1899, Image 2

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Instead of being an honest and ju :
standard of deferred payments , gold i
when used alone , an instrument of I
galizcd plunder. Instead of maintaii
Ing the equity of contracts , it has moi
than doubled the aggregate of indivu
ual , coiterate and public debts , tin
doubling the burdens of the taxpaye
Its effect upon the national debt illui
trates this proposition. In 1SJG the n
tional debt was $2,78:3,000,000. : Sine
t'hat ' time we have paid as interest $2
538,000,000 , a sum almost as great s
the original debt. In 1SO-1 the debt wa
? 1,071,979,527. Though there has bee
a reduction of the debt , if expressed i
dollar , there has been an actual ii
crease ) expressed in products in whic
debts are ultimately paid. It would t <
day take more than two and one-hal
times as many pounds of cotton to pa
whait remains than it would have take
to pay the entire amount in 18GG ; o
corn it would take nearly double t'h '
amount. AYhat is true of the publi
debt is true of private obligation ;
When we pause to think of the fac
that there has been a general declin
in prices of nearly 50 per cent. , or , i
other words , an appreciation of 100 pe
cent , in the gold standard of deferre
payments , then we begin to realize th
nature of the tremendous burden whic
rests upon the wealth producers wh
will either have to meet their obligji
tions or become serfs upon the lain
which has been made productive b ;
their own sacrifice and labor. Basin ;
the estimate upon the official figures o
the census of 1SOO , it is found that tin
interest upon our aggregate debt at
per cent , is $2,720J9.322.29 : ! per annum
This sum is greater than the annua
increase of wealth. To meet this in
terest charge not only requires the an
nual increase of wealth , but makes i
necessary either to compound the in
terest or draw from the savings of tin
past. This is very nice for the fellow :
inside the gold trust. Instead of gel <
monometallism being a standard of de
ferred payments , it is a standard of le
galized confiscation.
McKinley and the Trusts.
Perhaps President McKinley is no
afraid of the currency question , anc
then , on the other hand , perhaps he i ;
afraid of it.
There are certain indications whicl
point to the conclusion that currency
"reform" will be sidetracked until af
ter the Persidential conflict of 1900
At any rate the loud cries of profes
sional reformers for action on the mon
ey question by the present Congress
have been hushed and the Republicans
have decided to leave the matter en
tirely in the hands of the next Con
gress. By the easy pathway of a pro
crastinating committee the monetary
question will be kept in the back
ground and the campaign of 1900 will
be fought on a platform of generalities.
An esteemed Republican contempor
ary is convinced that this committee
will discover that its constituents arc
in favor of legislation which shall put
the maintenance of the gold standard
beyond all question , and which shall
make it certain that all government
and private obligations shall be paid in
gold or in gold value money. Of course
it is easy to assert that such opinions
are held by the constituents of Repub
lican Congressmen , but as a matter of
fact there are many Republicans who
are in doubt on this question. One of
the leading Republicans of the nation
( who from his position can hardly be
called a constituent ) is not firmly con
vinced as to what "reforms" should be
made in the currency. This gentleman
is William MeKinley , President of the
United States. As long as McKinley
can evade the issue , as long as he can
palter in a double sense , as long as he
can talk bimetallism and gold mono
metallism in the same breath , he will
continue so to do.
Extreme gold advocates will have to
possess their souls in patience. There
is to be a Republican policy of procras
tination on the money question. The
leaders of the Republican parly realize
that the 0,500,000 Democrats who
voted for Bryan and silver in 1SOU are
to be reckoned Avith , and that the "sil
ver lunacy" is still far from being dead
much less buried. Chicago Demo
A Taste of Imperialism.
Sir Charles Dilke of England , in an
article in this month's Forum , dis
cusses the possible future relations of
the United States and ( Jreat Britain.
lie necessarily has to touch upon the
Philippines and takes it for granted
that we are to annex them and "rule
them , " as he terms it. As to the ruler
he suggests that "no better temporary
rulers can be found than American
naval officers , under the ireneral con
trol , of course , of a prudent and train
ed statesman. " The English Lord also
says : "Where will the two empires
< Great Britain and the United States )
touch ? " How do the believers in a re
public like that ? The United State <
an empire ! And would not that be
Jikely to occur if we start in to "rule"
the Philippines ? The next step would
be to apply to the mass of the people
In this country the policy which tlie
American people had themselves in
and the Trusts.
When the trusts can make it appear
that "reducing the expense of produc
tion" will result in giving good wages
to employes , then the workingmen
in * v Consistently give their support to
the Republican party , which is the pro
tector of trusts. But until such a show
ing has been made a wage-earner win
votes the Republican ticket votes di
rectly against his own interests. Undei
existing conditions , when the working
man votes for a Republican candidati
he votes to have wages reduced and t <
destroy competition , and thus to en
banco the cost of the necessities of life
It is one of the unexplained problem ;
of the day that men who work for t
living continue to give their votes to i
party which is directly opposed to theii
welfare , and which has done and is do
ing .all it can to build up an aristocracy
of wealth and to establish a peasantry
of labor. When a party is under tin
control of AVall street and is mauagec
by the trusts , the workingman has
nothing to expect of that party. The
Republicans are perfectly frank it
their attitude toward labor. They bol
ster the trusts and the trusts sandbaj
labor and there you are. IIow lone
will labor lend its aid to its own undo
ing ?
A Good Deal in the Katio.
A Democrat who thinks there i
"nothing in the ratio" is no Democrat
He needs educating. He should get a
free silver primer , and learn his A B
C's , says the Mississippi Valley Demo
crat. The ratio is the whole thing ,
The addition of the fractional part of
a grain to the weight of rhe silver dollar
lar would add millions to the debts of
the people. It would do even more.
It would lessen the tendency of the
dollar to circulate , which is one of its
most valuable characteristics. A dollar
that does not circulate freely fails to
perform its natural function , and might
as well not be in existence , except as a
basis of credit. What we need now ,
above everything else , is a dollar that
will circulate ; and the experience of
ages proves t'hat the silver dollar per
forms this function better than any
other. If there is any legitimate ob
jection to the silver dollar it is that it
is already too large. The true ratio is
IS1to 1. France has proved this by
sustaining bimetallism at that ratio ,
and with the single exception of Mexi
co the people of France are in better
financial condition than those of any
other nation. They have a per capita
circulation nearly twice as large as
ours and it circulates. The French
government , through its folly in sus
taining an immense army , is poor , but
the French people are rich. The same
conditions existed in Jefferson's time ,
as explained by him in his letters
written while he was minister to that
country. The French have always
maintained bimetallism , and it has
made the people rich. Any attempt on
the part of their government to enforce
monometallism , or the ruinous meas
ures of the gold standard , would result
in immediate revolution. As a people
the French are less submissive to
wrong than we are. To talk about in
creasing the ratio , or to advise the set
ting aside of the financial issue for a
wild goose chase after trusts , is to talk
idiocy. The people will have none of
it. The mother of trusts is the gold
standard , and the way to kill trusts is
to slaughter the hideous old vultur ?
that breeds them.
Government for Some of the I'eopic.
The real power in the Republican
party cares nothing for the fundamen
tal principles of our civilization ; the
men who really dominate that organi
zation have no conception of the real
purposes of all government , but look
upon it merely as an instrument for the
advancement of their individual inter
ests. The President is too much of a
politician and too willing a tool in the
hands of this influence to take a bold
stand for the people , for the preserva
tion of liberty at home and its exten
sion abroad. Louisville Dispatch.
Increase of the Army.
Army reorganization in the line of in
crease means the deprivation of many
of the poorer families of this land of
sources of support. Who among the
"upper crust , " so called , wJU become a
representative of the personnel of this
iirmy ? It is tire humble , slavish , brave
voting man who must bear the brunt of
: ill this defense and elevation of the re
public uii'der the scheme which is out
lined in connection with the imperial
policy and colonial extension idea of
the administration. Ami what will hi ?
their reward ? St. Paul Globe.
The Puhlic and Its Servants.
Only once in a while , it seems , do the
people wake up to the fact that they
ire masters and not serfs. For much of
Ihe time they go along bowing and
scraping to their magistrates and their
mayors and their governors and their
legislators and their office-hol'ding fel
lows in general. For practically all of
the time they are under a sense of
lopeless subserviency to the persons
not at all above their own status in
Mtizenship whom they have themselves
lothed with official authority. Louis-
rille Commercial.
An Hnsy Problem.
Let us suppose till at property now
orjsidercd to be worth $10,000,000,000
huuld be suddenly thrown on the mar-
: et to be sold for cash. Obviously it
ould bring no more than $10,000,000-
K)0 ) , because that is the world's entire
tock of money. But suppose that only
; 5.000,000,000 in money is available for
he purchase of those particular goods ,
5 it not more than that sum , and hence ,
hat prices would immediately fall no
ialf ?
One of Which Was Quite Fasily an
Naturally Accounted For.
When Spiritualism was comparative
ljf new and we were youngsters , w
used to hear delightful spooky storie
about mysterious actions of furnitur
and things , which one never seems t
hear nowadays. I remember one abon
some people who had guests invited t
a grand dinner. The table was sprea
with all the dishes , but the meal ha
not yet been served. The family ha
a great store of beautiful glass an
china , and it was all on the table. Fo
a moment the servants were all out o
the dining-room , and just at that me
ment all the people in the rest of th
house heard a' deafening crash of fa !
ing dishes ; from the dining-room ther
came the sound of glassware precip :
tated upon the floor and crushing int
fragments , and in the midst of th
roar of this wreck there rose to the tei
rifled ears of the host and hostess th
high , clear note of the smashing o
much thin china. Everybody in th
house family , guests , servants rusl
ed to the dining-room door at the sain
moment , expecting to see nothing les
than the table overthrown and ever ;
precious dish on it broken , and wha
did they behold ? The table set in pel
feet order , with not a thing on it dis
turbed. What had made the awfu
crash ? Nobody ever knew. Not a disl
was even nicked in that house tha
day. The spirits so the story ran t <
us had just made a terrible ghostl ;
crash for the fun of it and the alarm o
the household.
I remember that this story impresscc
me a great deal more than it woulc
have impressed me if the dishes ha <
really been found smashed , though i
could have been proved that no huiaai
being had been in the room at the time
I had never before heard of a ghos
that was a crash and nothing more. . '
fancy the astonishment of those alleg
ed people was not greater than that 01
a friend of mine over an episode not a
all similar. This gentleman's wife am
daughter were out shopping one after
noon , and he reached home ahead oJ
them. So far from feeling grieved ant
outraged at not finding them there t (
make him welcome , he set to worl
pleasantly to give them a surprise bj
getting them their supper. He hadn'i
much in the house , but he set out whal
he had , and placed on each of three
plates a nice lot of sardines , and ther
went out to make them some tea. lie
got it made and came back , and looked
at his table in astonishment. His sup
per was gone ! The plates which he
had put on the table were there just
where he had placed them , but they
were as clean as when he put them on.
He knew that there was not another
human being in the house. What sprite
had wafted away those sardines ?
This is a true story. There was not
another human being in the house , but
the gentleman owned two delightful
cocker spaniels , and they were in the
house. AVho can doubt that , as they
licked the plates which had contained
the sardines , they had said to them
selves , "Go to ; we Avill make it unnec
essary for our dear master to Avash
these plates ? " Boston Transcript.
The British Government laboratory
last year analyzed 1,5SO samples of so-
called "temperance" drinks. Of this
number over one-third were found to
contain more than the 2 per cent , of al-
2ohol allowed by law. Some of the sam
ples contained as much as G to S per
AVheii a traveler in the grand duchy
) f Baden wants to send a telegram
ivhile he is on the train he writes the
nessage on"a post card , with the re-
lucst that it be wired , puts on a stamp
ind drops it into the train letter box.
it the next station the box is cleared
md the message sent.
Recent observations among Indians
shOAV that in South America , as Avell as
n North America , the red Avoman lives
onger than the red man. But the
tverage duration of life is only seveu-
: een years for both sexes in the South ,
ind 22 per cent , of the Indians die dur-
ng the first year of life.
A SAVSS ! paper relates that near the
iieatushole , on the lake of Thun , an
icentric hermit has built a cottage , in
vliicli he dwells , shut off from the
vorld , his food being brought to him
y a servant. He is a millionaire of
Jasle , afflicted with the mania that
omeone intends to poison him.
Prompted by the fact that all new of-
ice buildings and new fine apartment
louses in Manhattan are being provid-
d Avith refrigerating tubes and appar-
tus , several Brooklyn capitalists have
lanned a monster cold storage AAare-
louse in which coolness will be manu-
actured for private consumption.
The recent sale in Boston of the es-
ute of Jernegan Avho organized the
ompauy and engineered the scheme
Dr extracting gold from sea water-
bowed that he was not only thrifty ,
ut "imposing" in more ways than one.
t is said that a parlor set apparently
f inlaid roscAA'ood AA-as but imitation ,
ud that hardly any of the .Ternegan
nruiture proved to be Avhat it purport-
fl to be.
"Clarison" is the name of a new
lade-to-order language , constructed
: om French , Italian , Spanish and
'ortuguese. ' The author of "Clarison"
laims that it can be completely mas-
; red in two or three weeks.
Apropos of the agitation on the sub-
: ct of cheaper postage between this
nmtry and Great Britain , it is pointed
lit tnat the cost of a first-class ocean
assage between this country and Eu-
> pe averages about $100. The charge
for conveying the same weight of let
ters as the passenger Aveighs is ? 1S7.
German military authorities haA' <
found employment for the Mennonit <
private Avho refused to bear arms
through conscientious scruples by as
i signing him to the company of laborers
! at Magdeburg. They had tested his
| religious convictions by keeping him ii
] prison for nearly three years on charge ;
' of insubordination.
In Pittsburg a decision was liaudee
down the other day in the case of i
colored man convicted of the murdei
of his Avife to the effect that he must b (
sentenced again , because the judge hai
erred in omitting to ask the prisonei
before sentence Avas pronounced if h (
had anything to say Avhy the death sen
tence should not be declared.
The first practical test of a fire en
gine mounted on rubber tires Avas made
at NCAV York the other day , in response
to an alarm. „ It AAas a five-ton engine
auel was draAvii noiselessly to the fire
at a gallop , running in and out of the
street car tracks in a Avay Avhich ofter
means an upset , and appeared to be
Aery much easier for the horses.
One of Manager Gran's opera cemi
pany notified him the other day in NCAA
York that she did not like the papei
on the Avails of her room in a certain
hotel. She did not Avish to change her
rooms , for they suiteel her , but she de
clared that she could not stand the col
or of the paper. The point of this story
is the fact that the paper AA'as immedi
ately changed.
The Minnesota building at the Trans-
Mississippi Exposition , which AA as the
most attractive of all the State build
ings , has been presented to Omaha by
Minnesota for permanent erection in
one of her city parks. A Kansas man
had offered $1,000 for it with the idea
of moving it to Topeka for a home , but
his proposition Avas declined.
It has been discoverc-el that the new
Tombs prison in NOAV York has been
constructed upon plans that are defec
tive. The iron girders supporting the
floors are carrying more Aveight than
they Avill bear. As the contract does
not provide for any penalty in the
event of tlefective plans the contractor
cannot be held responsible , and the ex
pense of making the changes , AA'hich
may amount to the practical recon
struction of the building , Avill have to
be borne by the city.
In France gold coin is becoming rare
in the circulation , as bankers and mon
ey changers are sorting it out and sell
ing it for export. Inasmuch as the
smallest bank notes are for 50 francs
each , some inconvenience is resulting
from this. In Germany the extreme ac-
tiA'ity of the electrical trade is absorb
ing large sums of money ami has a
good deal to do Avith the high rates.
As an example of the extent to which
the industry is being developed , it may
be said that one of the large companies ,
AA'hich had in 1889 4-12 men in its fac
tories , noAV has over 0,000.
Undertakers Must Be Good-Natured to
Stand the Constant Strain.
An undertaker Avho does business up
town Avho is fat and jolly and Avho
loves the good things of life and can
laugh until his sides shake at a joke ,
bared his leg in the cooliug-off room
and sheAved a lot of black and blue
marks just above the knee. "That's
AA'hcre I pinch myself to stop laughing
at some funerals , " he said. "You know
that the undertaker , of all people , Is
not permitted to eAen smile at the last
sei'A'ices of the dead and the fun-loA'ing
element in my nature often gets the
better of me , even at funerals , so tbat
to keep a long face I just grab my leg
at the length of my arm and pinch until
E ache. Sometimes the pain brings
; ictual tears to my eyes and the folks
around me , I suppose , think I am
mighty susceptible , and so I am , but
Qor to sorrow.
"I got these big marks , you see , day
before yesterday at the funeral of an
3ld-tiiner in my Avard whom I had
jrown up Avith from school days. He
svas one of the meanest men that ever
ived. He Avas too mean to belong to
: he church , and they hael to get a Pres-
3yterian preacher to say a word over
.lira , for the priest wouldn't , and when
: hat good man talked about the many
rirtues and good deeds of the deael and
pictured him going round the AA'orld
ivith charity and kindness , I thought I
voulel go into a fit. Five pinches in
ill , good strong ones , I gaA'e myself ,
ind then I had to leave my place along
side the box when I imagined I saw
he dead man AA'inkiug at me.
"My friends tell me I ought to get out
> f the business , but I hold that it needs
L Jolly , good-natured fellow like me to
ttaud the constant strain of being al-
vays in the mix Avith sorrow and
ears. " Brooklyn Times.
Why He Didn't
It is not always easy to be polite.
Vitness this from the Chicago Post :
"Why don't you ansAver ? " said mad-
.mo , impatiently , to the Scandinavian-
> n the step-ladder engaged in putting
ip new window fixtures.
The man gulped and replied gently :
"I haAe my inout' full of screws ; I
iot can speak till I svaller some. "
Needed Everywhere.
"Swiggs has invented another kind
f metal street car fender. "
"What is it ? "
"He wears it over his knees to keep
eople from stepping on his toes. "
An Argument.
"The minister asked me hoAv I eouhj
efend the practice of skating on Sim
ay. "
"What did you say ? "
"I said it might thaw on MondaA * . "
> uck.
This Avould be a quiet , peaceable
rorld were it not for the movements
f the under jaw.
Which'Won n Debate for His Citizen ;
of Cyclone Canyon.
Our town ball was filled to ovetfloAY
ing last Thursday evening with pc pl <
anxious to hear the oratorical coutes
between the debating societies of Itee
Dog and our sister city , Cyclone Can
yon. The subject chosen is one of vita
interest in this community , namely
"Resolved , Should a man stop to argut
or pull his gun ? "
The Cyclone Canyon contingent ar
rived in this city curiy on the eveuinj
in question and assumed charge of UK
negative side of the question , with Col
Hank Bludsoe and Bad Jim as leaders
while Short Card Hennessy and Centei
Fire Johnson , of this city , undertool
to steer the affirmative side to victory
We , the editor of the Clarion , and Maj
Mosely , the well-known undertaker
were unanimously elected judges of th <
contest , our decision to be final.
Some remarks were passed by th <
Cyclone Canyon crowd as to the Stiles :
of Maj. Mosely for the position o1
judge , they claiming that it was to his
interest in a business way to render i
decision calculated to start a row. The
Major , however , quickly silenced hi *
calumniators by royally offering t (
bury any one killed in the hall thai
evening free of cost , and his handsome
offer was followed by a roar of ap
plause. The debate lasted for a fill
hour and a half , and at the conclusion
as we were summing up the points anc
were on the point of rendering a decis
ion in favor of the affirmative side , the
Cyclone Canyon crowd got the drop or
us and we were forced , rather reluc
tantly. it is true , to gracefully yield anc
decide as follows : "Resolved , That it
all cases , and at any stage of the game
the man who gets his gun out first has
by far the best of an argument- ! ! ! *
Tied Dot * Clarion.
Father ftop ? Questioning Wlieii Sou
Mix-jH } I-miT ami History.
A 10-year-old ( Vdar avenue boy is
quite a reader , considering his tender
age. and hi.- ? father delighted in encour
aging Iiis literary taste. Not long ago
the father suggested to the boy that he
should read up on the life and death
of Nathan Hale , the spy and hero of
the revolution.
A ff\v evenings later the father ask
ed the hid if lie had carried out his re
quest. The hey said he had.
"Who v/as Nathan Halo ? " the father
"lie was stringed up by the British
soldiers. " was the s-omewhat irreverent
"You should say hanged , " said the
"Siriiijrcd up is jusl the same , " said
The boy.
"Xu. " raid the fat her , ' 'it isn't just
tii" ! % s : > iu < ' . "
"Well. " wild llio bo v. "it's just the
same to Nathan Halo.
This AVU ; something of a poser , and
the father disc-ri-etly changed the sub
ject .
"Ar.il why did the British hang Na
than Hale ? " lit' risked.
"i > -us < - , " replied the boy promptly ,
v.s- ' ie rubbers ! for Ge-n'ral
Tins Viroecr.s ! definition of a spy's
duties wr.s too much for the falher ,
and h" promptly dropped the ITale in
quiry tii-i1 ? : tnd thi-n. Cleveland I'lain
N o Hess Tears.
Whwaiting1 ? ! in the tenement house
elisiriet in ( hi o a lunn saA" a little
child in vv'liltt * ; : ( ] . on the sill of a
third siory wi"-i\v. The man did not
tvivaia. * ; : : \\-ith a very pale face he
ran : u-r srf tlu rirret : : nd up the stair
way. TIe iov.id tJie right door , as if
by insJIiic-f. aii'I opened it softly. He
: IAV the ciuIyur id of the child , anel
iiuii. jv.st as he readied out his hand ,
the chi-il fei ! out. At tlic same instant
lie was s-j/- < 1 ! > y the arm , and a Avom-
m's voic ( feujandcd to know Avhat he
meant by intrudintr. "The child ! the
c-hild ! " he said , in a frantic Avhisper.
She has fallen out of the AvindoAv ! "
rhe Avoman siniied broadly , and Avalk-
ing to the A\-indoAV pulled in the child
D.V means of a short and stout rope ,
ind di'pesiu-d it on a cliair. Then she
turned to the amazed man , and said ,
: ranqtully. "I suppose you mean all
ight. bt'i ? iloly : Avasn't in danger at all.
[ can't spare time from my work to
ivalch her. and she Avill play by the
window , so I just tie her up this way.
Vhen she frills out and Avants to get
Kick she just yells , and I haul her in. "
rhe Avoll-nic.'Jiiinp : man left a elime for
he child and departed Avoudering.
HeV s Xot Taking Coffee.
St-rgtant Piersou was one of the
jest-liked men in the company , but he
wouldn't tolerate fool questions. On the
norninjr of July : \ he sat on the bank
) f the intrenchinent , drinking coffee.
: Ie was n-aily exposing himself unnec-
'ssarily. One of the men near-by was
iervotsly watching him. Their eyes
net and the private , somewhat embar-
assed. r marked , for the lack of some-
hing b tter to say :
"Are you taking a cup of coffee ? "
A lonl : of disgust spread over Pier-
ion's sneaking countenance.
"Am I taking coffer-V" he began ,
nockingly. A Mauser bullet knocked
he cup from his hand.
"No. sir. " he continued , with added
art-asm , "I'm not taking coffee. " New
fork Sun.
Houses All Built of Zinc.
All the iiouses in Beira , East Africa ,
.re built of zinc. If a person becomes
II on the street he is placed on a zinc
tretcher. carried to a zinc hospital
ud , if he dies , is burned in a zinc
offin. The town is called "the zinc
ity. "
No woman ever went through a
hurch service without feeling to see
I her dress was all right in the back.
Ueii lit of
Suppose the premium on gold should
go to 10 per cent , here , Avhile golel
prices in England remained unchanged , ,
and they could not fall except from a
decrease in the supply of gold , and if
gold AA-ent to a premium here its ten
dency Avould be to go to gold standard :
countries , so that if prices changed at
all in such countries the tcn-.Lney
Avould be to rise and not to fall. This
premium Avould amount then to a
bounty on exports of 10 per cent. , pre
cisely as in the case of the fall of silver
in the trade betAveen England and In
dia. For , as it would take 10 per cent ,
more goods , in the case assumed , to get
the same amount of gold here than it
would in England , goods would go te >
England , until either by overstocking
the market there Avith American goods ,
or from the scarcity of gold , prices iu
gold-standard countries Avould come
down. But , as before stated , prices
AA'Oiild be upheld iu such count rits by
the iufloAV of gold from this country.
On the other hand , just as in tbe.easfr
of India , this condition Avould ch jjk , im
ports into the United States , Ifoi- the
reason that , gold prices not h.ning '
changed in gold-standard countries
goods could not be shipped to the Uni
ted States to be sold for our money , and
this money reconverted directly or
through merchandise into gold a train-
without loss. Hence the statem-1 t re
cently made in the London NOAV- , that
a premium on gold in the United . ntes
Avould operate as a protective ta : > u" l&
entirely true ; but it would do more-
than operate at the same time as a.
bounty on exports. Consequently bi
metallism for the United Statea'one
Avould not only benefit us under condi
tions of a stable par betAveen silvt i and
gold , but should gold , under coiul c ons
of free coinage in the United Stats go
to a premium , it Avould still , ami ' .u a
still greater degree , redound to t he-
benefit of the United States , ami t ake-
possible a degree of protection t1' t In
impossible under the single gold - .iml-
Destroyers of Confidence.
The apostles of "sound money"are - !
always in a terrorized condition lest
'confidence" should be destroyed. If a. '
silver man A'entures to say anything ]
about the principles of monetary
science , he is iiistairtly charged mth
being a "repudiator , and a dsturbeH
of public confidence. " They are in
tal fear of "agitation" ( unless th > ; can
elo the agitating ) , and every tluie
of their prophesies has failed ( anu they'
haAe all failed ) , the failure has IK.u as
cribed , iu part , at least , to the ( fit urn- ,
stance that some silver man hn > .ii
something. But Avhen has a gel 1 aia
DA'er hesitated to "agitate" and
"confidence , " if he could gain an1t ; = n.
thereby ? Perhaps someone can j , . -rmj
us. The truth is that in the fir-
the oid men got in their work s ret- ,
ly , and demonetized silver wit ho . -n.y
body knowing it but tlu'inselu-s. Ofj
course , silver could not be ! ' <
without discussion and argunn- ,
as they choose to term it , "agif- n.
Nor can any reform be inatig ; t
without "agitation. " Those \ \ \l.
beneficiaries of a Avrong are n ar.- l.al1
ways opposed to its undoing , ai. :
3H"ort to that end is characterizi t
[ ) robriously as an "agitation. " Km
ivhen they make an effort to inr. .
.heir advantages , that is more A . tnt ,
y designated a "movement f
form. "
Silver iNiiiiit Schools.
The Silver Night School Lcail.s pro
) arcd for the campaign of 1900. t.i . rj
: ogether , make a handy mann il foi
campaign Avorkers , sliOAving by : int
netical problems the cause ami t tfec ]
> f IOAA- prices , the number and - - * eij
> f foreclosures resulting from IOAV
) rices , production ami distribution o : ;
vc-alrh , and , Avhat every champion o ,
he people's rights should know , s- * rej
hing of the profits realized by oMiIci ]
'trust" corporations.
The Conquest of the Vernaeul r.
Mrs. Fremont , in her sketch of th1
ife of her father Senator0 'on-
ells the folloAving of tim Frenr-h iii < hp ]
it St. Louis , at the time of tin * pui !
ihase of Louisiana : "It was a p
loner among the older French 1.0 : t
earn English ; but the Bi.shop ne.de
o acquire fluent English for all use
ind for use from the pulpit espefl.ill ;
"To force himself into familiar j.ra
Ice , the Bishop secluded himself lor
vhile Avith the family of an Amcric ;
armer , Avhere he would heav
French. Soon he hael trained eijou
o announce a sermon in English.
"My father was present , and hi fee
ngs can be imagined when the p
; d , refined Bishop said :
" 'My friends , I'm right down glad
ee such a smart chance of folk *
o-day I"
Novel Bait for Catching Fish.
Dutch fishermen make nstonlsui ]
atches by means of the following vd
imple plan : They put a numbt-i
ive worms and insects in a bottk-
ially filled with Avater and then ci
t securely. The bottle is dropped i
he water , the fisherman sinking
iue alongside. It appears that
Ight of the Avriggling contents of
ottle so excites the appetite of "tl
nny tribes that they fall easy vlctij
o the baited hooks.
Hartland , In Devonshire , has
nly three vicars since 17GO. The pr ]
nt vicar has held the place since
is predecessor held it for sixtyj
ears , having served as curaif for
ears before , and succeedl& $ "an
umbent rrho served tliii'tJ"-se |
ears. V-