Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900, December 29, 1898, Image 2
t'i flnipqriant Events Crowded tht Past Twelve Months. MUCH HISTORY MADE The Year 1898 Will Be Remembered as ; Most Notable Otft. A Cliroaoloeical Rcvtew Shows It t Have Been Remarkable in Many Re spects-AVur with Spain Takes Fore most lIacc in the IriterestiiiK Itccor ; Concise Story of That Victoriou Conflict 3utcrnntional ami Jnterna II 3)is3ousioiia Among European Coun tries Disaster and Death at Horn a-nci Abroad. ITo lihn who is concerned with histor In .the'making there very rarely comes- .yoar sr.iore heavily IrJen with importan evont-s than the year 1S9S. It has see every state in Europe , except pcaceft ScanGimnhi and the Dutch communities ' face-to face with uitlier war or interns dissolution sonic of them within meas urahlu distance of both. Yet the greatcs effects have not been in Europe ; 3S9S ha seonHhe United States forced , not by an , greed o power , hut by its lmmaQitar.iai ideals , to take its part in European relo 'lions. A brief hut glorious armed conllic with Spain has been be-gnn , prosecuted t "its cml and settled by a treaty ef peac 'upon which the ink is scarcely dry. Th inception of great political changes ha been witnessed in China ; two Enropeai rulers have come to their death ; severa men and women prominent in statecraft military affairs , reform , literature am music , have passed away ; the year ha been marked by some terrible mixrine dis asters , causing great loss of life ; and fire flood and storm have numbered their vie time by scores and causi'd extensive los of property. The chronological table that follow , gives the most important happenings o O.S9S. foremost among which are those-o the war with Spain. CONFLICT \VITli SPAIN. 'liventsof the War Lately Won "by th < United States. January. :25 U. S. battleship Maine , Capt. C. X ) . Sigs 'bee , U. S. N. , is ordered loHavaua Cuba. February. 8 The publication of .a letter -written b } Seiior Du ; uy de Lome , Spanish mlniste ; to the United States , speaking dispar .agilely of President McKiiiley , leads t < the Minister's resignation of his pos and the appointment of Senwr JLuis l'ol < y Bernabe. 5 The U. S. battleship Maine , Jying in tin harbor of Havana , is destroyed and sunl by an explosion between 0 aad 10 o'clocl p. m. 17 R ar Admiral Sicard , commanding the North Atlantic squadron , orders a couri of inquiry into the loss of the Maine. 19 The request of the Spanish officials Ir Havana for a joint investigation Into , the loss of the Maine is declined. .21 The United States Senate orders an In vestigation into the Maine disaster. March. 8-0 Congress votes to place $30,000,000 al the unqualified disposal of President Me Kiiiley as on emergency fund. 3.6 Spain remonstrates against the presence of the United States fleet at Key West and against other measures of defense by our Government. 17 Facts concerning Cuba stated in tlu Senate by Senator Proctor , of Vermont , as the result of personal observation. 2S Court of inquiry's report on the Maine sent to Congress. April. 5 Consul General Lee recalled. 30 Consul General Lee leaves Cuba. 11 President McKinley sends a message to Congress recommending armed interven tion in Cuba. 15 Army ordered lo mobilize. 16 Senate belligerency resolutions passed. 18 Congress votes against Cuban recogni tion. 19 Congress passes resolutions demanding the withdrawal of Spain from Cnbu : 20 Queen opens Cortes with war speech. Government announces its opposition to privateering. President signs notifica tion to the nations of intention to block- .ade. 21 Our minister at Madrid , Gen. Stewart L. AVoodford , informed by the Spanish Minister of Foreign Affairs that diplo- jnatic relations between Spain and the United States are terminated. . . . Presi dent McKinley cables our ultimatum to Spain , demanding a reply by April 23 _ Seuor Polo y Bernabe , Spanish minis ter , receives his passport and leaves Washington. 22 Cruiser New .York , Sampson's flagship , captures Pedro , 2,000 tons , fifteen miles east of Havana - Cuban ports block aded by the American squadron. 23 The President issues his proclamation calling for 125,000 volunteers. 24 ( Sunday ) A Spanish decree declaring war against the United States was gazetted at Madrid. 25 Congress passes a resolution declaring that the state of war existed from A-pril 21. 2G Recruiting volunteers began in New - York City. 27 United States vessels bombard Matan- .zas - Seventh New York Regiment de clines to enlist. 2S Commodore Dewey'sfleet sails from Hongkong for Mfinila. 29 Spanish squadron sails from Cape Verde for the \Yest Indies - New York shells Cabanas forts - U. S. cruiser Yale ( Paris ) arrives inSew York. SO Commodore Dewey's sqirafcon arrives off Manila - Flag-ship Ne-w York fires on Spanish cavalry sharpshooters off Havana. 1 U. S. crulper Topeka arrives .it New Yoi k rrom Falmouth - Commodore Dewey's squadron destroys the -Spanish fleet at Manila. 2 Cable from Manila to Hongkong czt by Commodore Dewey. 4 Battleship Oregon and gunboat Marietta sail from Rio Janeiro. 7 Commodore Dewey informs State de partment of the seizure of Cavite. 9 Congress thanks Rear Admiral Dewey. . 10 The Gussle expedition sailed from Tampa. 11 Ensign Worth Bagloy and four of the crew of the torpedo-boat Winslow killed by a shell from the Spanish forts at Car denas 32 Admiral Sampson's squadron bombards & ? < the forts at San Juan , Porto Rico. . . . The Spanish Cape Verde fleet arrives at Port de France , Martinique. . . . Gussle expedition repulsed. 13 Commodore Schley's fleet sills south to meet the Spanish squadron. 14 Spanish Cape Verde fleet sighted off Curacoa. 15 Rear Admiral Dewey reports on fall of Manila. . . . Sag'asta's cabinet resigns. . . . Spanish torpedo-boat destroyer Terror disabled at Port de France , Martinique. . . . . . /spanlsh fleet leaves Curacoa - Gen. Merrltjt ordered to the Philippines as mll- f Jttarwrnor. . , . .Goy , Black Authorizes rdc& iinizitcm : ot ti'fib.ic < Joa Thirteen ! 17 SagasUi's now onbUi'et announced a Madrid. SS Ninety thousand troops ordered to atobl Ize In Chlfkainuugn. 20 Spanish tlcor arrives at Sanllag0 d Cuba. 2 Cruiser Charleston sails for Manila. 2U Troops A an < i C ariiv.e at Camp Algc ; Falls Church , Va. 24 The Si auteh fleet Is bottle ? ' up at Sal tlago. 25 Three transports with 2.7.S8 men sta : for Masdl.i - Presideut issues .1 call fc 71,000 more volunteers. 20 Oregon arrlvc-s its Key \Vest - One c Spain's cabinet ministers said the coui try was willing to accept "an honorabl peace. " " . . . .Commodore Schley is in touc with the Insurgent leaders. . . .Florid exposition landed without oppositio near Guantanamo , Caba. 27 Spanish scout ships chased by America warships near Key "West. 23 Commodore Schley reports the trappin of Ccrvera In the harbor of Santiago d Cuba - Cruiser Columbia arrives .1 New York , having been in collision wit the British steamship Foscolia , whic sank. TiO iCroops embark at Tampa for Havau : 31 Hear Admiral "Sampson's fleet bombard 'forts of Santiago de Cuba. June. I Transports for Manila arrive at HOIK lulu , Hawaii , and the Boys in Blue bi come the guests of the city. . . IMonitc Monadnock ordered to Manila from Sa Francisco. 2 Spain again appeals to the Powers t Intervene. 3 American squadron bombarded Santiag de Cuba. 4-LIeut. Hobson sinks cruiser Merrima in the mouth of the harbor of Sautiag de Cuba. 'G Fortifications of Santiago de Cuba r < dnced. " 7 American squadron bombards and s lences batteries at Santiago. . . .Monitc Monterey and collier Brutus sail fc "Manila. 5 Assault on fortifications of Guantauaui Bay. 9 House agrees on war revenue conferenc report. 10 Admiral Sampson reports he has hel Guantanamo harbor since the 7th. . . Senate agrees on conference report o war revenue bill. 11 Four Americans at Caimanera are kille in a fight with the Spaniards. 13 Thirty-two transports with Shafter' troops sail for Santiago. . . .Presideu McKInley signs the war tax bill. 14 Two Americans and several hundre Spaniards killed in a battle at Ca manera. 15- Second expedition sailed from San Frar cisco for Manila. . . .Great destructio results to Santiago forts through the us of the dynamite guns on the Vesuvius 17 Spanish squadron sailed from Cadiz an passed Gibraltar. 20 Transports with Gen. Shafter's troop arrive off Santiago. 22 Part of Shafter's troops landed. 23 Balance of troops landed without ace : dent. . . .Admiral Camara's Cadiz llee arrives at Island of Pantellaria. 24 Sixteen American soldiers killed an fort ? * wounded in driving back Spanish soldiers at Santiago. 27 Commodore Watson to command fleet t attack Spanish home territory. . . .Presi dent McKinley recommends thanks o Congress for Lieut. Hobson , and that h be transferred to the line. 28 President proclaims blockade of South ern Cuba from Cape Frances to Cap Cruz. 29 Gen. Shafter reports ho can take San tiago in forty-eight hours - The Senat thanks Lieut. Hobson and his men , nam ing each one personally. 30 Egyptian Government refused to le Cainara coal his fleet at Port Said. July. 1 Shafter's army began the assault upoi Santiago de Cuba , capturing the enemy * outer works. U Shafter renewed the attack upon Sac tiago , losing about 1,000 in killed am wounded , and making 2,000 Spanisl prisoners. The SpaSish casualties prol ably exceeded those of the Americans 3 Cervera's fleet destroyed at Santiago with great loss of life. 6 Spanish transport Alfonso XII. blow : up off Muriel by American gunboats. . . Hobson , the hero of the Merrlinac , am his comrades exchanges for Spanisl prisoners outside Santiago. 7 President signs Hawaiian annexatio : resolution. . . .Admiral Dewey took Subij and 1,300 prisoners. 11 Cruiser St. Louis brings Admiral Cer vera and 746 prisoners to Portsmouth N. H _ Admiral Sampson's fleet boin barded Santiago. 13 Announced that yellow fever has brokei out in Gen. Shafter's army. 14 Gen. Toral and the Spanish army sur rendered Santiago at 3 p. rn. 17"OId Glory" raised over Santiago a noon. 15 President issues a proclamation provid ing for the government of Santiago. . . Seven American vessels bombard Man zanillo and destroy seven Spanish ships 21 < Jen. Miles , with 3,415 men on trans ports , convoyed by warships , starts t ( take Porto Rico. . . .American gunboat ; capture Nipe and sink the Spanish cruis er Jorge Juan _ Gen. Calixto Garcia commander of the Cuban army of East ern Cuba , owing to discontent because the American Government has ignorei him and his troops in the surrender ol Santiago , withdrew. . . .News reached this country that the second expedition to re enforce Admiral Dewey had arrived at Cavlte. J2 Aguinaldo declared himself dictator ol the Philippines. 23 Another expedition for the Philippine Islands sailed from San Francisco. ! 5 Gen .Miles and 3,500 men reach Guan ice , Porto Rico , and effect a landing- 1C Secretary Day , M. Cambon , French am bassador , and his flrst secretary , M , Thlebaut , confer with President McKiu- ley in regard to terms of peace. 17 The port of Ponce , Porto Ilico. surrend ers to Capt. Davis , of gunboat Dixie. ! 0 News of Gen. Merritt's arrival at Cavitc received at Washington. . . .Dewey in forms the President that Aguinaldo , the Philippine insurgent chief , assumed a defiant attitude. ! 1 The Spanish forces at Cavite made a sortie during a fierce storm on the Amer ican troops In the Malate trenches. They were repulsed with heavy loss. Ten of Gen. Merritt's men were killed and for ty-eight wounded. Aucnst. 2 President McKinley makes public the terms of peace offered to Spain by the United States. 4 The monitor Monterey and its consort Brutus , arrive at Manila. . . .Gen. Shaf ter and his subordinates ask that the fever-stricken army at Santiago de Cuba be removed north. 5 Formal orders issued for the removal of Gen. Shafter's army to this country. C Spain accepts the terms of peace offered by the United States. . . .Guayamo , Porto Rico , captured by Gen. Haines' forces. Three Americans cornered. 8 Spain accepts President McKinley's peace terms. Certain representations were made regarding Cuba which were not accepted , however. . . .Spaniards at Guantanamo lay down their arms and surrender to Brig. Gen. Ewers. 9 Gen. Ernst's brigade captured Coamo , Porto Ilico , after a lively fight , in which seven Ponnsj'lvania volunteers were , wounded. Two hundred Spaniards were taken prisoners - Spaniards attempt to retake the lighthouse at Cape San Juan , but are repulsed with heavy loss. O1 A protocol covering the peace terms of the United States has been agreed upon by M. Cainbon , representing Spain , and President McKinley - Gen. Sehwan's forces defeat Spanish troops at Maya- guez , Porto Rico. Loss on our side two JUIled and one wounded. [ Spain's cabinet formally approved Pres ide nt McKinley's peace protocol and a cablegram was sent to M. Cambon au- thorl/5'11 ' ? "im to si"u In behalf of Spain. > _ ( mbon , French ambassador to the United States , signs the protocol and a cessation1 ° f hostilities Is ordered. 5 Surrender of the c .v of Manila , after stiff bombs.rdment by Dewey. i Gen. Merrlh. ' leaves Manila for Paris to aid the , Peace Commission. Spanish Cortes convenes id consider peace proposals. Gen. Otis , United Suites commander at Mflnl'.a , xtoinandod the removal x > f th Insurgents from that city. 10 Spanish Senate adopts the peace protx col. 12 The situation st Muua ! reported cril teal i : } Spanishf'h'jirbersor Deputies adopts th peace protocol. 10 Spaulsis Peace Commission appointee w-th Senor RIos , President of the Set ste , us President. 17 The Peace Commission of tlm "Unite States -mils for Paris. 19 Spanish Government issues an order fo all troons in the West Indies to retur home. 20 The evacuation of the outlying position In Porto Rico begun by the Spanish. ? 9 Amerioan and Spanish Commissioner meet in Paris. October. 1 American and Spanish Peace Commis sioners hold their first session. 4 American I'eace Commission receive . the report of Gen Merritt in Paris. 18 Formal ceremony of raising the Unite States flag over San Juan takes place. . . American Commissioners refuse to assume sumo any portion of Cuban debt. 24 Gen. Ortega , with the last of the Spar ish soldiers , sails from Porto Rico fo Spain. 20 Spanish soldiers captured at Manil during the war are released by Unite States. 27 Spanish Peace Commissioners accep condition of the non-assumption of Ci ban debt by United States. November. 28 Terms of peace accepted by Spain. December. 10 Treaty of peace with Spain signed a Paris. GKNKRAL , CHRONOLOGY. Record of Events that Have Occurrce Dnriiijr the Past Year. January. 1 Officers of the Cuban provisional go\ eminent sworn in. 2 Six persons burned to death at Jerse , City , N. J. 3 Thirty persons killed by collapse o floor in city hall at London , Out. 7 Theodore Durrani hanged for murder a St. Queutin prison , California. 8 Six IIUMI killed by explosion of an Ohi River towboat near Glenfield , Pa. . . Fifteen men drowned off Baueluc b , foundering of a French steamer Si. lives lost in a mine explosion near Pitts burg , Kan Death of Maj. Moses l : Handy. 11 ! Forty lives and $1,000,000 worth of pror crty destroyed by a tornado at For Smith , Ark. 1C Death of Hon. Renj. Butterworth , Uni ted States Commis.siouer of Patents , a Thoinasvilie , Ga. 19 Bread riots at Ancona , Italy. -20 Fire loss of $000,000 at East Graui Forks , Minn. 22 Marriage of Rev. T. DeWitt Talmag and Mrs. Col. Collier Destrtictiv storm over the West and South. 25 Many persons burned to death in a con flagration at Spokane , Wash. . . . § 1,500 , 000 worth of property at East St. Louis 111. , including Union elevator and But lington freight depot , destroyed by fire 27 January wheat sells for $1.05 in Chicago cage Steamer City of Duluth lost of St. Joseph , Mich. 29 Several persons killeel in a smash-up 01 the Maine Central Railway at Orono. . . Ten men killed by caving in of North west land tunnel in Chicago. February. 1 Six lives lost by burning of the Alvon House , Gloversville , N. Y Schoone Brlggs wrecked off Little Nahaut aue eight lives lost. 2 $500,000 fire los ? in Winnipeg , Manitoba 3 Six persons killed in railway collisioi near Boston Fire destroys § 225,001 worth of property at Scrauton , Pa. 4 Seven killed in railroad wreck at Glas gow , Scotlanel. 6 § 50,000 fire at Albany Iud Holland American steamer Veendani wrecked ii mid-ocean. 9 Adolph L. Leutgert sentenced to life Im prlsonnierit for wife murder in Chicago cage Assassination of President Bar rlos of Guatemala § 250,000 fire losi at Fort Worth , Texas. 10 Thirty-eight lives crushed out by fall ing walls at Plttsburg. 11 Nassau Chambers In New York burned loss , $500,000 French ship Flaehai goes down off Canary Islands ; 87 lives lost. 17 Fire damp explosion in a colliery al Hammeerly , Prussia , kills 50 persons. . . , § 100,000 fire at Pittsfield , Mass Brit Ish steamer Legislator burned at sea. 18 Death of Miss Frances E. Willard ir New York City Large fire at Pitts burg. 20 New wharf and custom house at Tarn pico , Mexico , burned ; loss , § 2,000,000. 25 National Tobacco Company's works at Louisville , Ky. , burned ; loss , § 2,000,000 , 26 Nine lives lost in a tenement house fire at Charleston , S. C Seven persons killed at Blue Island , 111. , by the collis ion of a train and an omnibus. . . .Ten persons killed and five injured by an explosion and fire in Hall Bros. ' labora tory at Kalamazoo , Mich. 27 Death of Win. M. Singerly , proprietor oi the Philadelphia Record. March. 2 Six men killed by boiler explosion near Brewtou , Ala. 3 Nine drowned by the foundering of the schooner Speedwell off the Florida coast. 7 Fire causes § 150,000 loss in Brownell & Field Co.'s building at Providence , R. I. § 5,000,000 fire loss at Manila , Phil ippine Islands. 11 Death of Gen. W. S. Rosecrans. 13 Eleven men burned to death in Bowery Mission , New York. 1C Death of Aubrey Beardsley , the artist. Many persons killed in a fire at 215 Wabash avenue , Chicago. 17 Death of Blanche K. Bruce , Register of the Treasury. 19 Six convicts killed In a mine at Pratt City , Ala. 21 Several persons killed in a hotel fire at Butte , Mont. 22 Forty lives lost by sinking of bark Helen A liny off San Francisco. 25 Death of James Payn , English novel ist Death of Truman P. Handy , of Cleveland , Ohio , oldest banker in United States. . . .Wisconsin Industrial School for Boys at Waukesha damaged § 100,000 by fire. 23 Forty-eight sealers of steamer Green land perisheel on ice floes. 2G Seven persons burned to death at Kent , Minn. 27 Death of Congressman Simpklns , of Massachusetts. April. 3 Fifty lives lost in flood at Shawnee- town , 111. 4 Fifteen men killed by explosion of pow der near San Vicente , Mexico. 7 Sudden death of Margaret Mather , the tragedienne. LI Oxford Junction , Iowa , visited by § 100- 000 fire. L2 Peun glass works at North Irwin , Pa. , burned ; ioss. § 750,000. ID Anaconda Copper Mining Co. at Belt , Mont. , suffers $250,000 fire loss. L7 Fire , following a dust explosion , de stroys grain elevator at Boston ; loss , § 000,000. L9 Death of George Parsons Lathrop. Jl Postmaster General Gary resigns and is succeeded by Charles Emory Smith. . . . Death of Senator Wai thai 1 , of Missis sippi. ! 5 Secretary of State John Sherman re signs. ! G Win. R. Day appointed to fill the va cancy Glasgow , Scotland , visited by a § 750,000 fire Powder mill at Santa Cruz , Cal. , blown up , causing loss of eleven lives. IS Atlantic Powder Co.'s works at Dover , N. J. , wrecked by an explosion. ! & Heavy damage done by tornadoes in Nebraska , Kansas , Iowa and South Da kota. May. 2 Thirteen persons killed by tornado , at Jerlct. % Mo. 3 Schooler Crown wrecked off St. Johns , N. F. , avid 11 men drowned. 0 § 125,000 jflre loss at Cleveland. 7 Three hundred persons killed in a riot at Milan , Ifx'ly. 3 Duluth , Miuns- suffers a § 100,000 fire. I Wool warehouK" burns at Ballardvllle , Mass. ; loss , $500 > > 000. 32 Burning of Armcu"Irvaior D ar several lumber y.iids causes $1,000,0 ! loss in Chicago. 14 Thousands Killed by cjclo : ) on Sur bawa Island , Malay Archipelago - E ward Remenyl , AlolinlM. . ' .ills dead In San Fraiscisco thoatu - Halt Bros , ' flss works ; buriisil i : Muiitfle , fad loss , § 285,000. IB-Flint mill of Min'i.g . ' . - : nK Co. , at Ea Liverpool , Ohio , bunc-l : : toss. ? 100OG 17 Great damuge eou ! Hii-J many "top hurt by cyclone in Ncbrasb-i. 18 Business section of AMloborn. Mass destroyed by lire - Destructive cycloi sweeps through Iowa , iCansas , lllise : and Wisconsin. 19 Death of Willi.m E. GlaeMcse. 22 Death of Edward Bellamy - Mine fi ; at Zolleru , Prussia ; 45 miners perish. 28 Italian cabinet resigns. 31 New cabinet formed in Italy. Jine. 1 Death of tragedian Thos. W. Keene. . Triusmissippi exposition opens ; Omaha. 4 Death of Capt. Chas. V. Gridley. of tl cruiser Olympla rt Manila. 7 Plant of Burgess Steel Co. , Portsmout Ohio , burned ; loss. § 400,000. 11 Case Power Building in Detroit burnei 13 Collapse of Joseph Leiter's wheat dea 35 Resignation of the French ministry. 28 First party cabinet formed in Japan. 29 Formation of the Pelloux cabinet i Italy. July. 2 Strike of stereotypers causes Chicaj papers to suspend for four days. 4 French liner Ln Bourgogne goes dow off Sable Island with 553 passengers. G Hawaiian resolutions adopted by tl Senate. 8 Steelville , Mo. , almost obliterated by waterspout _ Congress adjourns s'u die. 11 Sagasta ministry in Spain resigns. . . Eleven men killed in water tunnel : Cleveland , Ohio. 19 Powder mill at Oakland , Cal. . blown t by a Chinaman and seven lives lost. 30 Death of Prince Bismarck. Aujxuat. 1 Martin Thorn executed at Sing Sin N. Y. 5 Bismarck , N. D. , destroyed by fire. . Death of Georg M. Ebers , Egyptologi ; and novelist. 12 United States flag officially hoisted ovi Hawaii. 13 Twenty lives lost by cloudburst in Ui\ : kins County , Ky. 15 Resignation of ministry at Lisbon. 0 French steamer La Coquette sunk o Newfoundland by the Norge ; 16 liv < lost. 21 Seven persons killed in railway collisic at Sharon , Mass. 22 Eight laborers killed by collapse of wall in Carnegie tunnel. Pa. . . . Carte ville , III. , visited by a § 1250,000 fire - 31 miners drowned at Nienc-e , Silesia. . Death of King Malietoa of Samoa. 23 Destructive fire at Logansport , La. 25 Ex-Gov. Claude Matthews stricken I paralysis at Meharry's Grove , Inel. 28 Death of ex-Gov. Claude Matthews ( Indiana. 30 Small pox breaks out at Put-in-Bay Is and , Lake Erie. 31 Wilhelmiim becomes Queen of Hollam _ Confession and suicide of Col. Ilenr ; principal witness against Capt. Dreyfu at Paris. Feptember. 2 President Wilford Woodruff , of the Mo : moil church , died at San Francisco. . . The British captured Omdurman , oppi site Khartoum , in the Soudan. 4 British troops occupied Khartoum. . . . > Cavaiguac , French Minister of War , r < signs. 5 Twenty-eight people killed in collisio of train with trolley car at Cohoes. N. } . . . .Gen. Zurlinden appointed Freuc Minister of War. 6 Wilhelmina crowned Queen of Ilollan at Amsterdam - Thirty men killed b falling of abridge over St. Lawrenc River , near St. Regis Indian village. . . Many killed in riots in Crete. : . .Openin of G. A. R. national encampment at Cir ciunati. 10 Assassination of Elizabeth , Empress o Austria , by an Italian anarchist a Geneva , Switzerland - § 200,000 fire a Livermore Falls , Me. 11 Fire wipeel out New Westminster , B. C. and Jerome , Ariz. 12 Death of Judge Thos. M. Cooley at An Arbor , Mich. . . .Hurricane on Island o St. Vincent , West Indies , killed 300 pei sons and destroyed much property. 14 Lorenzo Snow chosen head of the Moi mon church. 18 Death of Dr. John Hall _ Death o Miss Winnie Davis. 20 Ten persons burned to death in an ele vator fire in Toledo. 22 Thirty-six men drowned by sinking o French boat Ville de Fecamp off Fecamp 23 Fifty miners entombed in coal shaft a Brownsville , Pa. 24 Several persons killed and much prop erty destroyed by windstorm at Lima , O 2G Tornado destroys property at Touawan da , N. Y. . and kills five at Merrilton , Ont . . . .Death of Miss Fanny Davenport. 27 Claremont , Minn. , destroyed by fire. 28 Death of ex-Secretary Thomas F. Bay ard - Riot at Pana , 111. 29 Death of Queen Louise of Denmark. 30 Hundreds of lives lost by floods ii Japan. October. 1 Great fire hi Colorado Springs , Colo. 2 Fierce gale on South Atlantic coast. 5 In attempting to quell the rebellion 01 the Indians at Bear Lake , Minn. , severa soldiers were killed and wounded. 8 Great fire in Sidney , N. S. W. 9 § 200,000 fire at Atlantic City , N. J. 16 Great fire at Dawsou City , Alaska. 10 Seven men killed by boiler explosion or torpedo boat Davis near Astoria , Ore J3 Ten men killed in a race war at Har persville , Miss. ! 4 Fire on the Brooklyn , N. Y. , water front : loss , § 475,000. J5 French cabinet resigns. 51 New French cabinet formed. . . .Japan ese cabinet resigns. Jsovember. 5 Eleven men killed by collapse of new Wonderland theater at Detroit. . . .Seven men crushed to death in a mine near Wilkesbarre , Pa. 6 Capitol at Washington wrecked by gas explosion. . . .Death of David A. Wells , economic writer. 7 Resignation of the Greek ministry. 8 General election. 9 Organization of Japan's new ministry completed. .0 New ministry formed in Greece - Pres ident Masse and secretaries of Cuban re public resign. .1 Bank at Kirksvllle , Mo. , robbed of § 32,000. .7 British ship Atalanta sinks off Oregon coast ; 26 lives lost. S Death of John W. Keely , the inventor. - Twelve laborers killed by train at Hackeusack Meadows , N. J. 9 Death of Gen. D. C. Buell. :3 : Burning of the Baldwin hotel and the ater in San Francisco. 14-26 Great storm sweeps over the country - ' try ; many lives lost at sea. 7 Death of Actor C. W. Couldock - Six persons killed by boiler explosion near Fourteen Mile Slough , Cal. : S Dynamite explosion in Havana kills 13 persons and Injures 25 others. December. 5 Opening of Congressional session. 0 Death of William Black , novelist. 1 Death of Gen. Calixto Garcia at Wash ington. .5 Death of ex-Senator Calvin S. Brice _ Six persons killed in railway wreck at Madison , Fla. 6 Six persons killed by a train at Allen- wood , N. J . Department store of G. Hartstein's Sous burned at Milwaukee ; loss , § 90,000. .7 Death of Baron Ferdinand James de Rothschild in London - Twenty lives lost in steamship collision in the North Sea. .9 § 1,000,000 fire at Terre Haute , Ind. And now a Boston mail claims the cen- er of the stage long enough to advise hat , so far as the annexation of the Phil ippines is concerned , "celerity should be ontempored with cunctation. " Li xluiig Chang lias been sent to watch ae overflow of the Yellow river. This , e take t , is the polite Chinese eqiiiva- > nt for saj.ing that he has been sent np alt River. -JW SIXTY YEARS AN ACTOR. The I ate Charles W. Couldock Was the Dean of the American Stage. When Charles "W. Couldock. the vet- oraii actor , breathed his last in New York City recently , the curtain was of the oldest rung down upon the career est actor on the American stage. Forever over sixty years lie hart been before the footlights in this country and in Eng land , and in the many different charac ters in which he appeared he made Kh AY. COULDOCK. himself popular with theater-goers. To ihe generation of to-day he is best known in the character of Dunstau Kirke , the blind miller in "Hazel Kirke. * ' Couldock was born In London eighty- tnree years ago. lie was put to work in a warehouse to begin a commercial career when 13 , but acting was more to his liking. When 121 he made his debut on the stage in his native city , paying $50 for the privilege of appear ing as Othello at a benefit. Ilis early experiences on the stage were accom panied by much hardship , but by per sistent work he managed to attract a little attention and played through England in tragic roles with some of the prominent actors and actresses of those days. lie came to the United States in 1S49 with Charlotte Cushman ami played with her throughout the country. Among the roles in which he appeared were Jacques , Macbeth , Car dinal Wolsey , Othello and King Lear. He was engaged at Laura Keene's Theater , in New York , in 1S5S , and there played with Joseph Jefferson and the late E. A. Sothern. Theater-goers of to-day are most fa miliar with the name of Couldock as associated with the play of Hazel Kirke. He flrst appeared in this piece In the character of the blind miller in 1879 , and altogether played it more than 1,500 times. INDIANA BAPTISTS. Centennial of Their Church Organiza tion Celebrated. At Clarkstown , Ind. , the Baptists cel ebrated with appropriate ceremonies the- one hundredth anniversary of the establishment of their church in Indi ana , and also the centennial of the Protestant church in the State , for the Baptist organization effected in the county including Clarkstown in its lim its , in Xoyember , 1798 , was the first re ligious body ever organized in the State , and the log meeting-house which they later erected north of this point was the first church edifice ever built in Indiana. It is true that the old Jesuit priests who accompanied the French and Spanish explorers were the flrst to preach the gospel in this section of the country , but they effected no or ganization. The original Baptist organization , un der the old Salem Association of Ken tucky charter is alive to-day , though possibly the most inactive church con gregation in the State. The congrega tion to-day -composed of only two OLDEST BAPTIST cnUKCII IX INDIANA. members Mr. Leander C. McCormick and "Aunt Bettie" Brown and they are growing very old. These two old Baptists .ire in possession of the char ter , the property , and the old record > ooks. AVebUer's Last "Worfls AmemTed. Some years ago an Eastern farmer , in rying to repeat Webster's dying words , 'I still live , " gave an amusing renderIng - Ing of the spirit if not the exact letter of the phrase. A gentleman had re marked to him , "life is very uncertain. " "Ah , yes , " replied the farmer , "that's true , every word of it ; and. by the way , captain , that makes me think of what one of your big Massachusetts men said when he died a spell ago. " "Who was it ? " inquired the captain. "Well , I don't jist call his name now , but , at any rate , he was a big politici- nner , and lived near Boston somewhere. My newspaper said that when he died the Boston folks put his image in their svindows and had a funeral for a whole IV J . " "Perhaps it was Webster , " suggested the captain. "Yes , that's his name Webster , Gen. Webster. Strange I could not think on It afore. But he got off a good thing just before he died. He riz up in bed and , says he , 'I ain't dead yet. ' " "Wise Forethought. One winter , at St. Louis , two ele phants were stabled in an outhouse near my rooms. One warm , bright day early in the spring one of these crea brought out into the allej Tvas tures behind the stables in order that II A horse attached - might be given a bath. loaded coal cart became frightened ed to a speed down the full ened and ran at alley toward the elephant. The latter heard the noise and saw the horse rushing toward him. He seemed to take in the situation at once ; for , dropping he drew in his trunk ping to his knees , beneath his body , dreu' in his legs , and bowed Oiis head. The horse , in his mad the elepbant , rush , ran completely over him. Beyond dragging the heavy cart with scratches and bruises yond a few slight uninjured. Had ib the elephant was not been for his wise forethought and and adoption of his quick formulation his efficient method of self-pro tection , he might have been severely injured , perhaps killed , by impact of the mad dened horse and heavy cart. In this manifestation instance there was an undoubted festation or correlative ideation. The immediate adoption of the only efficient - cient means of avoiding injury clearly demonstrates the truthfulness of this assertion , especially so since there was nothing instinctive in the action of the elephant. In a state of nature , ele phants are not confined in narrow al leys , neither are they charged by run * away horses. BIGGE6T OF ALL PLAYERS. Giant on the Football Team AVhV Weijrhs 41O Pounds. He is only IS years old. but he weighs 410 pounds , is 0 feet 2 inches tall and can. foot-ball as well as any schoolboy. His name is Robert W. Blauchard aiS& ' he hails from Hinsdale , N. H. , \vliiJfc town boasts that he is the biggest foot ball player living. He plays center for the Hinsdale team and has been in tha game since 1890. Despite his great size he is as active as a light-weight and noted for his extreme good nature. Strangely , Blanchard delights in ath letics of all kinds and has a record of 0:11 2-5 for running 100 yards and has made the fine mark of 7 feet 2 inches in , CENTER BUSH BLAXCHA.HD. T\ Compared with a foot-ball player of average size. a standing high kick. He is an euthufei- astic cyclist and , finding nowhere a foot-ball suit to fit him , lie plays in his > wheeling costume. He is said to be one of the best drawing cards on the Zsew England foot-ball field. With him in the cut is Thomas McCaughern , quar ter back of the Hinsdale team , who S3 a player of the average size. To woo a woman properly a man must first win her. The trouble with most old people is that they were born too early in life. There is no man so skeptic as to boast that his mother was not a Chris tian. There aren't near so many women who are angels as there are'angels who were women. - Before a girl is 20 you can never tell whether she is in love or her stomach is out of order. ' - yv. A man without any religion a/all may not be manly , but a woman with out any religion at all isn't even femi nine. At the age of 23 a man must be either engaged or married , or else the women begin to wonder why he doesn't be have himself. An ideal husband is one who doesn't sneer at his wife because she insists on keeping a lot of half-dead geraniums stuck up in the bay window all winter. To be fascinating to a young man a woman must never admit that he is aot in .love ; to be fascinating to an old man she must never admit that she is. Probably the reason why old married folk always act so interested in young- couples is because they are wondering whether they could ever have acted that way themselves. His Scratchy Underwear. 3e was restless and uneasy , oft as if ID pain would start , As the fair head young was pillowed on his breast , Vnd in sympathy she a ked him if to her he'd not impart What it was that seemed to cause him such unrest. 3ut he told her not to worry , 'twas a trifling thing , forsooth , Just a little grief in which she could not stare , * .nd she never once suspected the dis tressing , awful truth That he'd just put on some scratchy un derwear. J -Denver Post. Smythe I dropped a half rent of a blind beggar to-day - t if le'd pick it up. Tompkins-Well ie ? Smythe-Xot a bit of it ! He 8 , Make it a sixpence , governor , a orget myself.-London Tit-Bite.